I need 2-3 pages on Environmental and policies Economics Assignment Help

I need 2-3 pages on Environmental and policies Economics Assignment Help. I need 2-3 pages on Environmental and policies Economics Assignment Help.

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I have uploaded the file that has the full instructions. The country the project is on is “JAMAICA” and here are some websites to use as sources as I only need 2 sources. Please follow the instructions well and let me know if you have any questions!

I need 2-3 pages on Environmental and policies Economics Assignment Help[supanova_question]

307.Follow the instruction to write 3pages paper Writing Assignment Help

BE THE SOULTION Option #1: Paper Assignment.

This option is for those of you that like to write and self-reflect. This formal written assignment requires a minimum of 3 pages double-spaced. In this formal paper you will focus on the following question: “Discuss how you are applying at least 5 concepts learned in SWU349 and how you are applying or using them in your personal life”. The expectation is for you to reference and cite specific examples that demonstrate how you are applying the concept(s) of choice to your life. Use research (class readings, and or research articles) to cite and underscore your examples reflecting how and why these concepts are important and support personal wellness.

It needs 5 concepts from the book and 5 references

All the work must be original

Turnitin report is required


Childhood Adolescence Developmental Analysis Writing Assignment Help

Childhood – Adolescence

You will use developmental theories and concepts to analyze your own developmental processes focusing on childhood and adolescence. Use a variety in your sentence structure and wording. You should not use direct quotes, but rather summarize and paraphrase insight from your sources. You will use your textbook and at least 3 other scholarly sources (no less than 4 sources total) to create your developmental analysis. Your paper must be at least 8 pages, including a title page, 6 pages in the body, and a reference page. Note: You may have up to 8 pages in the body of your paper.


Group Dynamics Business Finance Assignment Help

In a minimum of 350 words per question, using APA format answer the following questions using the uploaded book Griffith, B. A., & Dunham, E. B. (2015). Working in teams: moving from high potential to high performance for one reference and must use 3-5 other scholarly sources. MUST HAVE a total of 4-5 scholarly sources. Additional reading requirements at http://bethelu.libguides.com/coursematerials, please reference from this site if used. Please select course number/name that matches this course. MOD1500_AB019.

1. Give three examples of visible diversity and three examples of non-visible diversity. Briefly discuss each example.

2. List the various ways people are different from one another. What do people do to fit into a dominant culture and what do they do to stand out from it?

3. What are three benefits of diversity? What are three challenges of diversity? Discuss how each of these are actually benefits and challenges.

4. In order to leverage differences among members, a leader must first see, then understand, then value the differences. Describe how a team leader would facilitate this process.

5. Describe 3 cognitive outcomes of diversity.

6. Describe 3 affective outcomes of diversity.


Need your opinion Business Finance Assignment Help

Read each paragraph give me your opinion if you agree or disagree with it


  • Identify what public and private stakeholders are involved in the stadium, tournament, and surrounding infrastructure in the simulation.

Stakeholders for this event include Emergency Management, Police and Fire Departments, Stadium Commander, the local school and hospital, plus the surrounding community and the public that will be attending along with the soccer teams are schedule to play.

  • Explain what you perceive as the most salient vulnerabilities of this special event venue as it pertains to the soccer tournament

Traffic on that Monday morning is a vulnerability as it coincides with morning rush hour which could cause issues with emergency personal being able to get to emergency situations quickly. Also, with the traffic more accidents are possible. Crowd control is also a vulnerability as this event will bring in a large number of people and with that increase there is potential for unruly behavior or

  • Describe what steps the core planning group of this event should take to mitigate these vulnerabilities.

Having a clear traffic plan would help with directing the flow of traffic as well as leaving certain routes open for emergency vehicles to use if a situation arises. Also, having emergency services station at different locations would help with the dispatching.

Increasing the law enforcement present as this event and having clearly marked off areas that the public can’t access would help control the flow of the crowd.

In the simulation, none of the emergency professionals discuss the importance of considering the impact on specific multicultural communities.

  • Define some of the vulnerabilities that particular cultural communities may face.

Cultures tend to have different values and traditions that they may clash with others. Limiting all visitors to the same guidelines and requires would help with there being no favoritism towards one culture of the other. To help the event succeed visitors will need to follow certain rules and regulations that are designed to keep the public safe but allow for cultural differences to be honored.


Given that the emergency plan has not been assessed in 10 years, it is well overdue for revision. In 10 years of time, updated procedures, new techniques in training, and new technologies in communication and detection of disaster events have been produced. Working with old training techniques places the emergency responders and the public in danger with new threats surfacing that were not present 10 years ago. New procedures and training with those procedures should be established and practiced well in advance. In the event of a disaster, there should be a seamless flow in which all responders are well versed in their roles to avoid needless harm from lack of preparation. New communication technologies should be implemented to ensure each team and stakeholder is well informed and has access to all information as it happens. Installing new computer programs and communication technologies will ensure that the town will receive advance notice of impending hazard events and allow the town to communicate effectively with higher governmental domains without delay. Inspections of infrastructures will need to occur, and business owners will need to comply to avoid further economic disarray in the event of a disaster. Lack of mitigation, preparedness, and updates would cause the town to suffer economically and make recovery extremely difficult and especially lengthy.

The council will be provided documentation and examples of Hurricane Katrina and the aftermath of that disaster. The disaster of Hurricane Katrina was proof that poor communication and lack of mitigation and preparedness caused severe detriment to the town of New Orleans that could have been avoided with pre-planning (Koliba, Zia, & Mills, 2011).

The North Carolina Department of Public Safety in 2018 posted that new response and recovery strategies were being implemented with businesses joining the Business Emergency Operations Center program. Those companies donated over $20 million in 2018 to support disaster relief. NCEM (North Carolina Emergency Management) has received over $35.7 million in state and federal funds in 2018. Around $9.6 million was allocated towards preparedness. The funds also are deemed for: equipment to local, state, and county agencies; training for first responders and management staff; state and local exercises for emergency situations, flood plain mapping; response for hazardous materials; funds to real response; recovery for former disasters; and providing 24/7 capability in governmental agencies (Annual Report, 2018).

North Carolina has suffered from multiple hurricanes and thus uses a good portion to federal funds to mitigate and prepare for flooding and disaster from hurricanes. The budget appears to allocate appropriate funding for mitigation and preparedness. In the real case scenario, the state has been fairly successful at maintaining the economy and recovering from past hurricanes.


As I read in the Office of Budget and Management (OBM), I see the City of Chicago’s budget for the current year of 2019. It looks as though there is an overall decrease in the Office of Emergency Management and Communications under the Fund Source(s) between Appropriation in 2018 ($ 291,423,019) and the Recommendation for 2019 ($ 233,860,841). (chicago.gov). On the other hand, I see an increase under the same Fund Resource category in the Emergency Communication Fund , from $101,305,015 in 2018 Appropriation to

$ 102,138,813 in the 2019 Recommendation. (chgo.gov). As the Emergency Management description reads, it states that within this program , it prepares Chicago for significant incidents (human caused, natural & technological ) emergencies , planned events , as well as providing disaster and recovery assistance to the residents & institutions. This also mitigates the effects of catastrophic events & provides operational coordination from a 24/7 Ops Center.(chgo.org).

Although I am not a budget analyst , I do see that this budget has not been looked at for 10 years, and our times and society has changed. Technology has advanced as well as the the events our emergency responders need to attend to whether planned or not. As I’m sure we are aware of the threat of terrorism and cyberattacks as well as the natural disasters that come unexpectedly , we need to be 10 steps ahead of the game and ready to deploy our emergency teams when needed. Our CPD have faced numerous hurdles and increasingly need the City’s support. So, do I feel this budget is adequate for one of the biggest City’s in the U.S that had one of the largest crime rates and why? I feel as of now , we are on the right track. It took a lot of time and there was much scrutiny of the CPD. If we consistently receive the backing and support (both financial and moral), we as a city will see hopefully see an ongoing decrease. But it takes the people themselves to make a difference.

We have already seen a decline in gun violence, and in 2018 there was a high level of partnership with local and federal LE agencies including the FBI, ATF, DEA, and the U.S. Atty’s Office. (chicagopolice.org). Manpower within the CPD has improved and the City saw an increase in adding 1,000 new officers in under 2 years. (chicagoolice.org). Technology enhances police strategy and the City saw a rollout of SDSC (Strategic Decision Support Centers ) in 20 police districts. (chicagopolice.org). I do not see what area we can do differently in the budget but my suggestion would be having an outside party look at the total picture that this is their forte and has a strong background in budgeting, analysis and forecasting on a large scope.




Discussion Questions Economics Assignment Help

Answer each question with a minimum word count of 150 words each. Please be sure to submit answers in the same order of the questions.

1. How does the multiplier facilitate the creation of money

2. What is the money multiplier pros and cons?

3. What did you find interesting about this video that stood out to you?

1 As seen during the financial crisis of the 1930s and in recent history, markets are globally interconnected. Aside from financial markets, different countries have different resources.

· Choose a country other than the country in which you currently reside which has not already been selected by another student, and research the EIU country data.

· Based on absolute advantage and comparative advantage,explain the effect of global economic conditions on the choices available t

o that country. Include the current exchange rate of the country’s monetary unit.

2.How does comparative advantage translate to this country’s effect?

3. Is there in patterns in the country economic growth. If so, what is it?

Credit markets and Globalization (the question is based of these)

1.Describe how you will apply that learning in your daily life, including your work life.

2.Describe what may be unclear to you, and what you would like to learn.

Discussion Questions Economics Assignment Help[supanova_question]

10 questions Writing Assignment Help

consists of 10 questions. Students are required to answer the questions minimum 300 words per question and maximum 1 page for answer and insert a least one image per page. Submit it on Canvas before 10:20 A.M.

  • What are the key graphic design elements during the “Genesis of the 20th Century”? Give an example of the key design and designer during the “Genesis of the 20th Century”.
  • What movements were established during “The Influence of Modern Art”? What are Analytical Cubism and Synthetic Cubism? Who was the key artist of these Cubism concepts?
  • Why was Dada movement established? Who was the key artist of this movement? What are the five major techniques invented by Dada artists?
  • What was the key concept of Surrealism? Who was the key artist of Surrealism?
  • What is the prominent style of Art Deco? Select an example of Art Deco and provide information about the image as well as explain why this piece is interesting to you?
  • What is De Stijl? Who are the lead artists?
  • What is Bauhaus ? Who established the Bauhaus?Give an example of the key design and designer
  • What is the International Typographic Style? Give an example of the key design and designer.
  • Which graphic design element was dominated the Modern Movement in America? Give an example of the key Pop Art design and designer
  • What is Pop Art? How was Pop Art created? Give an example of the key Pop Art design and designer

What is the De Stijl Poster style? Please attach am image of the De Stijl Poster style.


School Shooting and Poetry Writing Assignment Help

proving your argument through the poems. (THESIS IS VERY IMPORTANT!)

You need to choose 2 poems about school shootings in the U.S. and analyze them (in direct quotes/literary analysis techniques)

analyze the poem and how the poem you chose is proving your argument, lines from the poem and explain how these lines support your argument, diction (choice of word of your poem)

how people respond the school shootings through poetry, expresses the horror through poetry, call reader the action (in conclusion part),

what kind of language did the poets use to show this is why these poems are so powerful. Each quote should show/demonstrate a technique they use, how they are doing it, what techniques do they use (tone, metaphor, etc)

introduce the poems title and author in the introduction

use “I” in your conclusion to make it more personal plus answer “why does your project matter in the big picture?”

use direct quotations from the poems

MLA format and you need a few library sources to prove your argument


Measurement Validity Business Finance Assignment Help

No plagiarism please.

Use the questions as headings within the writing. Be extremely thorough and think critically.

Hit distinguished on the scoring guide


As you learned in Chapter 4 of your Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, an empirical measure of validity adequately reflects the meaning of the concept under consideration. When considering the issue of conceptualization, it is more difficult to demonstrate that individual measures are valid. For example, face validity offers empirical measures that may or may not jibe with common agreements and individual mental images about a particular concept. Criterion-related validity relies on comparing a measure with some external criterion. Measures can be validated by showing that it predicts scores on another measure that is generally accepted as valid. With discriminant validity, the measure of a concept is different from measures of similar but distinct concepts. Conceptual definitions offer a working definition specifically assigned to a term. This specification of conceptual definitions does two important things. It serves as a specific working definition presented so readers understand the concept and focuses observational strategy. It is operational definitions that spell out precisely how the concept will be measured; a description of the operations undertaken in measuring a concept.

In your main post:

  1. Develop a narrowly focused concept, such as poverty, depression, or social support to test its validity.
  2. Explain your chosen concept.
  3. Identify three empirical research articles using a library search to find the most valid measure of your chosen concept.
  4. Summarize your findings based on your empirical research.
  5. Explore how valid the measure is and the basis for your rating of validity.

Discussion Objectives

The competencies in this discussion are supported by discussion objectives.

  • Competency 2: Articulate a problem statement appropriate for examination using criminal justice research methods.

    • Develop a narrowly focused concept to test its validity.
  • Competency 5: Differentiate between reputable and nonreputable criminal justice research resources.

    • Explain your chosen concept.
    • Identify three empirical research articles using a library search to find the most valid measure of your chosen concept.
    • Summarize your findings based on your empirical research.
    • Explore how valid the measure is and the basis for your rating of validity.

Use the 3 sentence method of creating a problem statement as explained in this article:

Hernon and Schwartz’s 2007 article “What Is a Problem Statement?” in Library and Information Science Research, volume 29, issue 3, pages 307–309.

Scoring guide

Criteria Non-performance Basic Proficient Distinguished
Main Discussion Post Response (60%)
Apply critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post.


Does not apply elements of critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post. Applies some elements of critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post. Applies critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post. Applies critical thinking or problem solving to the main discussion post in a comprehensive, step-by-step manner.
Use credible information or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion.


Does not use credible information or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion. Responds to the discussion, but some or all of the resources used for support are not credible. Uses credible information or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion. Uses well- developed, relevant support from credible resources or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion and impartially considers conflicting data or other perspectives.


Can someone please rewrite my essay Humanities Assignment Help

Hello, I want someone to write my essay for me.


Please aos checker your grammar before submitting to me

Also, there must be no grammatical errors.

Here is the essay. Again, reword the whole essay!! ‘

1. In the chapter of structuralism Parker outlines Saussure’s claim that difference creates meaning, by the way we compare things. People have created a way of understanding through many variables, one example of comprehension is familiarity such as the way people identify their mothers. Every mammal and aves are able to identify their mother at birth mainly due to a hormone called oxytocin. Oxytocin is produced in the hypothalamus and is stored in the pituitary gland. In both sexes it plays an important role in intimacy, sexual reproduction, and during and after childbirth it creates social bonding. Oxytocin is acquitted in mass amounts after the distension from the cervix and uterus during labor. The hormone is also released in lactation to stimulate a bond between mother and child, thus creating an awareness of who the infant should trust. In relation to Saussure’s claim about difference creating meaning, shows how the older someone gets the more prone he or she is to understanding things through a series of comparison.

The principle of binary oppositions came from Ferdinand de Saussure a Swiss linguist. Saussure died before he was able to publish his ideas that later made him famous, but his colleagues however were able to later publish his work. Saussure’s claims on difference gives a meaning on things that we cannot acquire without the comparison of two different things. For example there is no way of understanding how hot works unless someone can explain the process of cold. Furthermore both hot and cold are complete opposites, one cannot understand how one works without the other. There is an endless number of oppositions other than hot and cold that give certain things in life meaning, such as left and right, north and south, up and down, etc. these comparisons give structure to perception.

Saussure described the overall system of language, as a system of signs, each sign consisting of a sound like image. Language is not a list of words that apply to an object, but instead a concept of sound like images Saussure called a signifier. Thus that sound like image represents what Saussure called the signified. The link between the signifier and the signified is depended on an arbitrary connection, but different languages use contrasting words to represent the same concept. The understanding of a signifier such as a cat can only be recognized by processing its from another similar signifier. The way the word car is recognized is by the way it differs from bat, cab, cut, and so on, not due to a deep rooted connection to a precise signified that convention has attached it to. English has about 40 phonemes, which is a limited set of sounds that people hear as marking meaningful differences. Speakers of English have grown an unaware comfort to these phonemes, and without these phonemes people would no be able to hear the essential differences in sounds of two similar sounding words.

Shakespearean actors would roll an r, but it would cause no confusion compared to the unrolled r as the same phoneme. Compared to the Spanish language where they could represent different phonemes, and the word with a rolled r can signify something different from an identical sound without the rolled r. When is comes to writing two people may write the letter r differently but the letter r is recognized the same. If the writing system was constructed differently then two different people who write down the letter r could signified it as two diverse letters. Thus creating the recognition of signifiers, which is not due to an inherited quality but a system of difference created by other signifiers. Difference is then created by the system of comparisons and relations to produce meaning. We can only understand something fully by comparing it to other things in a system of structures so that language is a form and not a substance.

Language is not like frosting on a cake; just a layer that on top of something that is more important, it constructs the things that we use to describe. Structuralists see reality as constructed, not as an illusion that language makes up an underlying essence that covers over or labels. Humans construct their reality through language and by the coordination with other human beings. The way human beings create a model of the social world and how it functions, show how their experiences are rationalized. The way people shape themselves is by interactions, how someone was raised, and how others perceive one. The perceptions of reality are colored by a system of beliefs and backgrounds throughout someone’s life. What makes something real depends on what is socially acceptable; people participate in the construction of reality. The way someone behaves does not depend on objective reality of a certain situation but on the subjective interpretation of reality. The consequences put in line due to a behavior make the act of doing wrong real.

Each person creates a view of a person or a situation through his or her perception of reality and it gives them a notion to act accordingly. Through the structuralist view the world is not something that we discover it is rather something we produce and construct through language. That is why when learning a new language we learn a new way of seeing and understanding. Through different cultures it influences the perception of reality and creates conceptual patterns that gives an understanding of storytelling. Stories or myths represent a surface structure that creates a boarder of deep structure and a overall system of relations that all cultures can share. There is not reality independent of language and if someone believes there is then he or she would be considered a essentialist and there is no way to back up essentialist view without using language.

2. Base and superstructure fits with the quote “it’s not the consciousness of men that determines their social being, it’s the their social being that determines their consciousness”. In the quote Marx is trying to say that someone can’t wish they’re way out of their reality or current state. Though religion and other forms of idealism it claims that something is wrong with someone’s thought process unless he or she believes in the religious figure and ask for help through faith or prayer. Marx disagrees and feels that instead of wishing or praying for something or a situation to change one must go out and claim what he or she desires. Marx also believes that people set boundaries for what they are able to think and every idea or image someone has is a mashup of things on earth. It is hard to imagine something someone has never seen before.

Through the ideologies of German philosophy it is known that history can be viewed from two sides: one through the history of nature and the history of man. As long as the human kind has existed nature and man have correlated with each other. The premise of the commencement of the human race is not arbitrary; there is an actual basis where abstraction can be made only through imagination. The first premise of human history is the understanding of existence of the human race and the relationship to the rest of nature. Humans can be distinguished from other animals by consciousness, religion, and materialistic desires. What an individual expresses what they are coincides with what they produce and how it is produced.

The relation of human society there consists of two parts: the base and the superstructure. The base is divided into forces and relations of production, such as employer/employee work conditions. These certain relations determine society’s relationships and ideas, which becomes the superstructure. The superstructure is a series of culture, institutions, the power of politics, roles, and state. The relation between the base and superstructure is not casual, due to the superstructure influence on the base. As people acquire the need to produce food, shelter, and clothing, work is assigned to different people, which created the division of labor. Through the division of labor different classes competing interest grew. Agriculture grew enough to make surplus crops, which led to trade until capitalism took over feudalism. The bourgeoisies were created as a new class of capitalist merchants that exploited a class of workers called the proletariat. The capitalist gained their money by the purchase of goods or labor to produce profit. The process of capital started where profit would be made by using money to make more money.

The base and superstructure divides the world between classes of people who use labor to produce goods then sell their labor, and create another class who use their capital to purchase labor through wages. Marx expressed how an authentic consciousness is linked to one’s true positions in history. Marx felt that the political economy is the engine of the mind. When it comes to political and the political economical circumstances it leads to the ideological forces that render people from what one thinks of life, power, and self. Ideologies of oneself creates an understanding and justification of the current distribution of wealth and power throughout society. Compared to societies that pertain to unequal distributions of wealth and power, ideologies create an acceptance to these inequalities as inevitable. People that are viewed in society as subordinate came to believe in their subordination, this belief comes from ideologies, which creates false consciousness. Thus this condition of inequality creates ideologies that disorient people’s feelings about their true aspirations, loyalties, and purposes.

Humans are the producers of their own conceptions and ideas, but through society people are conditioned to believe their productive forces define him or her. Marx view on awareness perceives a meaning that the blindness of one’s conscious thoughts prevents one from being aware of their true humans needs and ideas that reside from within. According to Marx these human needs and ideas are rooted in the whole social structure of the human race, which directs someone’s consciousness in specific directions. Reality often gets distorted by rationalizations and fictions in society and dissolves the awareness of true human needs. A human consciousness is a reflection of the political economy and he or she’s thoughts are not determine consciousness.

Marx views that people have formed the foundation of the political economy and accepted the languages and laws. Through this political economy a separation of labor, private property, land, rent of land, and profit of capital were enlisted. As power magnitudes society falls into a system of two classes; the property owners and the propertyless workers, the political economy expresses the formation of private property. Through the formulas of private property laws are passed, but no demonstration is shown as to how the nature of private property was formed. Political economy does not explain why there is a division of labor and capital, or capital and land. Greed and the war amongst the greedy is the only thing political economy sets in motion. Mainly due to how it does not give an understanding to how movement is connected throughout society. The worker becomes poorer while producing wealth to the company, by the workers production increasing power and size. The objectification of labor is embodied in an object, which has become a material by the products of labor. Objectification can be viewed as the loss of the object and bondage to it. A loss of realization is apparent in labors to a point where workers can lose realization and starve to death. The more a worker puts he or she’s life into an object, the longer the workers life no longer belongs to them but to the object. The alienation of the worker towards a product means that the labor becomes an object that is an external existence, but it only exists outside the worker. The object becomes something alien to the worker and creates a power of its own confronting him. Labor cannot live without the objects, therefore the worker becomes a slave to he or she’s object.

3. In Plato’s Gorgias Socrates attempt to convince Polus that rhetoric is not really a power one can use to better oneself, Polus first argues that people who do malevolent things in life are happy. He then goes on to explain how people who do what they want, even if it is considered unjust to the people of the city, live happier lives. Polus continues to discuss how if someone does something that is considered baleful, but escapes punishment for the wrong act, the person may continue to live a blissful life. Socrates disagrees with Polus and goes on to discuss how people who do malice things are unable to live happy lives, because they are trapped in the sorting’s of their wrong doings. Socrates also adds that someone who does spiteful things and doesn’t receive any form of punishment for he or she’s corrupted actions is more shameful than someone who is chastened for their evil actions. Socrates believes that justice should always be served and person punished for their wrongful acts will live a happier life. Socrates then discussed how Archelaus committed grave crimes without paying what was due and by doing that lead to his unhappiness. Where as Polus believed that Archelaus was a happy man even though he did unjust acts, due to the reasoning that he was allowed to do the unjust acts.

Socrates debates about the seeking of true definition of rhetoric and the flaws of oratory. The art of persuasion in Athens was widely used in political and legal advantages. This gave rhetoricians the ability to promote themselves as teachers of the skill oratory. Socrates believed that the use of oratory is based mainly on skill that is obtained through experiences in life and not gained by actual knowledge or morality. Without the tie to philosophy rhetoric is simply used to persuade for only personal gains in life. Socrates stresses how rhetoric is a form of flattery and that is uses pleasure as bait to catch the folly. These forms of flattery are directed at the soul by claiming the body with the use of pleasure principles; flattery can manipulate the body and make the soul isolate from itself. Socrates comparison between sophistry and cosmetic in which it is a misleading art and could possibly have good use in society. The association of rhetoric and cookery shows that rhetoric deceives the ignorant into believing things that are unjust.

Socrates tries to discover the truth by a series of questioning, the truth for Socrates can be found through deliberation with others. The knowledge in ones soul can come to the conclusion about someone’s beliefs, though truth is not based on acceptable beliefs. Socrates believed that people need philosophy to give an understanding of what is right and what is wrong in life, and oratory cannot lead to justified ways in society. Socrates would rather be refuted than refute another and that a rhetorician is more convincing to an audience that is ignorant to the subject matter than an audience that an expert of the given matter. In order for something to be legitimate one must have evidence or knowledge on the topic and not go by a system of beliefs. Socrates is trying to get Gorgias admit that persuasion comes in two forms one that creates belief without knowledge and the other knowledge. Socrates also points out and gets Gorgias to admit that an orator is merely just a persuader and doesn’t have any regards to what is just or unjust.

Callicles’ point about the powers of rhetoric is that the people who posses more power control the less so by means of force, and the ones who are considered better rule over the worse. Cellicles then gets into the conception of persuasion by verbal trickery can lead to a false appeal and deceive the innocent. Cellicles feels Socrates’ commitment to the search of truth through philosophy is childlike, because he doesn’t devote himself to the things he preaches. Callicles then states that Socrates uses his speech to set traps and change the meanings; he also creates significance to people’s words where they did not intend on it having that kind of meaning. Furthermore, Callicles then urges that Socrates believe that good is created by human convention as opposed to the ways of nature. Callicles ultimately states that the inquiry of philosophy through adulthood is disgraceful, and he says that Socrates’s crazy use of other people’s words is ridiculous and embarrassing.

Socrates view on real power is the act of doing just things and admitting to doing something and suffering the consequences. Socrates believes in the philosophy that happiness comes from doing what is right and understanding that wrong doer live in a state of unhappiness. Going back to Archelaus, even though he was allowed to punish, kill, and exile people it does not make him a happy man argued Socrates. Polus felt the opposite say that he had the power to do so and didn’t have to live under a formation of laws and rules so he must have been a happy person in life. Polus felt that power was granted to people who were able to do the things they wanted and did not have to deal with any forms of punishment. To Socrates believes that real power is the ability for someone to tell the truth and own up to he or she’s action by accepting the punishments the crime entitles. Thus owning up to wrongdoings gives someone the power of redemption, so they can be viewed as a noble person for doing what is just and acceptable in society.

Socrates view on rhetoric is that it is an indispensable tool for securing the ideal of unlimited power and unbridled pleasure. Polus views rhetoric’s as people who possess power and that it is a powerful art, they can do what they see fits. Socrates disagrees with Polus statement by stating how rhetoric’s are not really powerful and they do not do what they may wish, compared to Achelus they do what they seem to see as fit. For Socrates the good is different from the pleasurable, while some might see the good being the same as the pleasurable.

4. Parker’s description of Derrida’s method of deconstruction shows how Western civilization has fallen into a misconception about the supposed fixity of meaning existing between signifiers and signified Deconstructionist believe in multiple meanings compared to structuralist who believe in relatedness. The structuralist formula of defining the sign as the signified fused together with the signifier then leads into free floating signifiers. As for deconstruction a singular more stable meaning makes a path for a more ceaseless play of language that pertains to multiple meanings. Deconstructionist describe how meaning is disseminates, the act of dissemination cannot be defined, due to the fact that it would limit it’s meaning. Dissemination refers to how meaning scatters, spreads, and multiplies it also accumulates certain meanings that can also be lost. Destruction cannot destroy anything it just alters the way people view things and offers more not less. Deconstructionists don’t believe in a system that can’t be undefined or that it is possible to understand cultural objects with a single explanation.

The signifier is the pointing finger the word or sound image; the word itself is just a jumble of letters creating a familiar sound. The signified is the concept, the true meaning that is indicated by the signifier. The signified does not need to be a real object but something that can refer to the signifier. The signifier is more stable and the signified varies between people and context. Plato viewed ideas as the root concept that a signifier without a signified has no meaning and the signified can change with each person or context. Saussure believed the relationship between the signifier and signified is arbitrary and called this unmotivated. Saussure reflectionist view that the signifier will reflect the signified thus the signified creates a trigger for understanding a word or phrase. The signifier and the signified act as an interpreter when it comes to understanding of a sign. The notion of a signifier without a signified creates a noise, where as a signified without a signifier is impossible. A linguistic sign is not a link between a thing and a name, but between a concept and a sound pattern. The sound is not actually something physical the sound pattern is distinguished from the element associated within the linguistic sign.

Deconstructionist ways of interpretation often follow an understanding called double reading, which is a singular interpretation free from multiplicity and deconstruction. Derrida believes in mistaken belief that there is a self sufficient/ non deferred meaning as the metaphysics of presence. There is not enough to expose and deconstruct the way in which opposites work and then stop on a cynical position. Derrida makes the claim that writing came before speech and that people put too much emphasis on speech itself. Derrida as phonocentrism refers to the emphasis put on speech, which is the belief that signifiers can contain essence of their signified. Derrida feels that Western culture is photonocetic and that Western cultures people take for granted the identities and meanings that rest in the sound of the voice. The voice is expressed as a person’s essence and it gives someone the ability to reveal him or herself in an essential way.

The figuration or free play of language sets up writing so adversities are set as a status of proliferation or signifiers. These signifiers cannot hold writing down to secure meanings that give a privilege of writing over speech. Derrida system of representation outlines a formula of signified and the signifier, where the signifier always floats freely away from the signified. Speech can find a way outside of representation and become a true signified apart from the representing signifiers. There is no origin or endpoint to signifiers, we can only keep adding and multiplying signifiers. The free floating signifiers can only guarantee that there will always be an absence between the signifier and signified. Derrida’s made up word is that there will always be difference and a gap between the signifier and signified. The gap between the signifier and signified is inevitable, but keeps meaning from ever settling. To Derrida there is no beginning, no origin, and no ending just a continuous circulation and deferral. The difference between two concepts is that language can never arrive at one term or the other or the other but only keeps deferring them in a signifying endless game.

Derrida intended for all his writing to have social meaning and responding to his critics he made the social commitments more explicit, sometimes drawing an Algerian Jew. The representation of an undetermined quantity of signification voids any source of meaning. Floating signifiers mean different thing to different people, which may stand for whatever their interpreters want them to mean. The notion of floating signifiers came from the concepts such as race and gender; it is a way of asserting a word that is more concrete than the concept it describes. The concept might not be sable but the word is and can be applied to non-linguistic signs. For example The American flag can be represented as patriotism to that nation, the flag can either create good or bad significance. Words can leave their differential relations and detach from the world, because there is no stable anchoring that fixes meaning in relation. There is no escaping difference and infinite uncertainty, but for motivated criticism. Language created the movement of supplementary or reveals a lack in itself. Every deconstruction thought through its limits more patiently even when rejected strongly.

Westernization creates concepts such as simulacra the understanding of contemporary technology and media in daily life and through the aesthetic experience. The hyperreal creates a stimulation of the real the grows more true than the real, for example during a storm victims take cover in their homes and cut off from the rest of the world, without the use of electricity they will have no way of know what’s going on in the world around them. For some people their lives on social media seem more real than their lives lived directly with people.


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