International Law Question. International Law Question.
? MAIN DETAILS:
This week is your final legal brief. The topic is labor law which means that the case must focus on employment. Examples of this can include Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, discrimination in the workplace, defamation of character, etc.
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Ground RulesSubmissions should be three to four full pages, double-spaced, in twelve-point Times New Roman font, with one-inch margins, no extra spacing between paragraphs, and no works cited page (it is expected you will follow the citation model described below). Do not place your name or any other information (title, date, class, my name, etc.) in the header of the document. You will lose half a letter grade for failing to follow any of these guidelines.
The essay is due Monday, November 15, at 11:59pm by Canvas submission. It is worth 20% of your final grade. Late submissions will be marked down half a letter grade for each day overdue. Any submission turned in five or more days past the due date will start at a C . Late essays must be submitted by 11:59pm on the final day of classes, without exception.Prompt
Describe why and how Karl Marx believes solidarity develops. How do W.E.B. Du Bois and Audre Lorde complicate Marx’s argument? By way of conclusion, indicate which of these accounts of solidarity and its sources/barriers you find most persuasive.
Additional GuidelinesPapers will be evaluated based on substantive accuracy; argumentative clarity; quality of writing; response to the prompt; and following the guidelines in this document.The length requirements detailed above are requirements, not suggestions.
Do not write a long introductory paragraph. Begin with your thesis statement (1-2 sentences) and enter the textual analysis straightaway.
Draw directly from the texts. This means quotations, paraphrasing, and page citation. Papers that do not do this will begin at a B-.
Do not provide a works cited page. It is assumed you are using the required version of the course text. To cite the text, use the first initial of the author’s last name followed by page numbers in parentheticals
– for example: “the student is engaged when not in class, and in class when not engaged” (M, 93); “All our children are outriders for a queendom not yet assured” (L, 73). To cite Du Bois, use the following abbreviations: “Marxism and the Negro Problem” = (DBM); “Dusk of Dawn” = (DBD); “The Damnation of Women” (DBW). You do not need to cite page numbers for Du Bois.Outside sources are forbidden. All submissions will pass through a plagiarism checker and I will follow USF Regulation 3.027 to the letter. It is your responsibility to ensure that your submissions are properly uploaded to Canvas. I do not consider corrupted or incorrect files as submissions.
Books that are required to use for citation and links:
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Marx-Engels Reader, ed. Robert C. Tucker (W.W. Norton [supanova_question]
Drug Medical Product/Device FDA approval process answer several questions
International Law Question Law Assignment Help For this assignment you will need to find
a drug or medical product/device that is FDA approved (or was FDA approved at
some point in time) and has been subjected to litigation claims that the drug
or medical product/device caused harm to patients that used the product or
device.The goal of the assignment is to have you work your way through the FDA
approval and post-approval processes, and then see how the processes and the
information from the processes is incorporated (or not) into litigation.To
complete this paper, you will need to do outside research to find a drug or
medical product/device that was approved by the FDA and that was subsequently
subjected to litigation. There are a number of resources that you can use to
find a drug or medical product/device. One resource is Westlaw to search for
cases involving drugs or medical products/devices. There are a variety of
databases that will provide information about cases involving drugs or medical
There are also some internet websites that
may have helpful information including:
The Findlaw website regarding prescription drug litigation
PBS Frontline webpage listing prescription drugs that were FDA
approved and later withdrawn from the market due to safety problems
The FDA’s webpage on recalls and safety alerts:
After you find your drug or medical
product/device, you need to perform the following tasks and answer the
Go to the FDA website for Drug or Product/Device approvals.
Review the approval documents and labeling for the drug or product/device and
answer these questions:
1.What side effects, adverse reactions, or possible risks or
dangers associated with the use of the drug or product/device were noted in the
approval or in the labeling of the drug or product/device?
2.What did the FDA require the manufacturer to do about them
(i.e. conduct post-approval studies, provide warnings, etc.)?
3.Do you think the FDA’s approval requirements (the studies,
warnings, etc.) seemed to address the possible side effects, adverse reactions,
or possible risks or dangers that the FDA was aware of at the time it approved
Search the internet (including the FDA’s website) and other
sources (like news articles, etc.) and gather information about the problems
that started to develop with the use of the drug or product/device after FDA
approval. Answer these questions:
1.What problems started to develop with the use of the drug or
2.What harm or injuries were the problems causing patients?
3.Were the problems the same or similar to the side effects,
adverse reactions, or possible risks or dangers associated with the use of the
drug or product/device that the FDA was aware of when it approved the drug?
Search the FDA’s website and you may want to search other sites
as well and answer these questions:
1.Did the FDA issue any recalls, warning letters, safety alerts,
Dear Doctor letters, labeling changes, or take any form of post-approval action
regarding the problems noted in question 2?
2.If so, explain what the FDA did and whether you think the
action(s) was sufficient to address the problems that the FDA was aware of at
the time. Are there any additional actions you think the FDA should have taken?
3.If the FDA did not take any action, explain what you think the
FDA should have done given its authority in this area.
Find a court case regarding the drug or medical product/device
and answer these questions:
case may have a number of reported decisions and sometimes the reported
decisions on Westlaw or a court database will involve preliminary or collateral
issues like jurisdiction, standing, intervention, experts, class action status,
etc. You can use these decisions as long as you are able to answer the
questions. You may need to find a decision that deals with a substantive issue regarding
the plaintiff’s liability claims in order to answer the questions. Westlaw now
often has the parties’ pleadings from the case online and you may need to
review those documents to answer some of the questions if the information is
not in the decision.
1.What is the decision(s) about? In other words, what issue or
issues does the decision discuss and resolve and what is the court’s reasoning
in resolving the issue(s).
Provide a citation for the decision(s) and be sure to address the following:
A.What were the plaintiff’s claims in the lawsuit (failure to
warn, design defect, manufacturer defect)?
B.What were the defendant’s defenses to the claims?
2.What role if any did the FDA’s actions play in the litigation?
For this question, be sure to address the following:
A.What arguments, if any, the plaintiff and defendant made
regarding the FDA’s actions. For example, did the plaintiff assert that the
FDA’s post-approval administrative actions demonstrate that the product was
defective, or did the defendant assert that FDA approval shows that the product
is not defective, etc.?
B.Describe how the court addressed and resolved the arguments
regarding the FDA’s actions. If the court did not address and resolve the
arguments, describe how you think the court should have resolved them based on
the arguments that were made and what you have learned about these topics in
C.What do you think about the parties’ arguments and the court’s
resolution of the arguments? Were they consistent with what you learned in class
regarding regulatory standards and products liability and related topics like
3.If the FDA’s actions were not mentioned in the decisions or
the parties pleadings, then discuss what arguments could be made given the
facts of the case and how the court should have resolved them based on the
arguments that were made and what you have learned about these topics in class.
Review the information you have put together to answer the prior
questions and answer these questions:
1.If you were to think about all of the information you gathered
in the prior questions and throughout this course as describing a process that
begins with FDA approval and ends with litigation, how well do you think the
current process works to prevent harm to consumers and to provide redress to
those who are harmed?
2.What changes do you think could improve the process?
3.What do you think about the role that litigation plays in the
process of ensuring the safety of drugs or medical products/devices? In
answering this question consider:
A.Whether litigation and the potential remedies from litigation
such as monetary damages or punitive damages provide any incentive for drug and
medical product/device manufacturers to make safe drugs and products/devices.
B.Whether litigation provides a sufficient or satisfactory
remedy to those that are injured by drugs.
C.Are there other options are there besides litigation that
might work better?
Be sure to label or designate each of your answers to the
question it is answering.
of Information. The final work should be around 10 pages, double spaced
You will need to provide some form of citation to any outside
source of information that you rely upon. You should not just copy and paste
information from websites and submit that as your own work.
Resources on how to correctly use
citations and on the correct citation format can be found in the “First
Year Guide to Research” which is posted in the “First Year” tab
in the law library. You may also find basic citation information at this
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CRMJ2010 The purpose of Law enforcement
Written Assignment 2-3 pages in APA format not counting Title and reference page (Citations and References is a must).
This paper should focus on defining and describing the concept of law enforcement, what they do and why are they needed.
The due date is Tuesday 11/9
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