Note: “Briefly explain” means a sentence or two. 1) Economics Assignment Help

Note: “Briefly explain” means a sentence or two. 1) Economics Assignment Help. Note: “Briefly explain” means a sentence or two. 1) Economics Assignment Help.


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Note: “Briefly explain” means a sentence or two.

1)

For each of the following, state which 2018 U.S. GDP category or categories (C, I, G, NX) are affected (if any) and whether 2018 U.S. GDP will rise/fall/stay the same. Briefly explain.

  • Klay rents a house in Oakland, CA for $5,000 a month. The house was built in 2013.
  • Kevin buys a 2017 Tesla Model S for $90,000 from a dealership. The car was purchased in 2018 but had never been sold before.
  • Draymond buys a meal at a restaurant, Hakkasan, in San Francisco in 2018 for $1200. The corporate headquarters for Hakkasan in London, U.K.
  • San Francisco spends $55 million in 2018 to upgrade public transportation around a new sports complex being built in 2018.

2) TrendyVille is a hypothetical country that produces and consumes three items: avocado toast, cold brew coffee, and poke bowls. The following table represents the prices and production levels for 2017 and 2018.

Note: “Briefly explain” means a sentence or two. 1) Economics Assignment Help[supanova_question]

Current Policy: Final Presentation Health Medical Assignment Help

As a Learning Team, create an 2- to 13-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with detailed speaker notes on the topic you selected as a team in Week 2. This presentation will require a deeper examination of your chosen topic as it is an emerging issue/trend in today’s health care industry. Your presentation should include the following:

The topic is Medicaid

  • Identify and discuss the emerging issues and trends surrounding the policy.

**Please don’t create a intro or conclusion page

**Please ensure you include speaker notes

Cite at least 4 reputable references. Reputable references include trade or industry publications; government or agency websites; scholarly works; your textbook, Health Policymaking in the United States (6th ed.); or other sources of similar quality.

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use the file and question in the description for the questions , and the direction in the description ! Writing Assignment Help

Choose 1 visual art primary source from this list of 6 items:

1. Fourth of July Picnic, text p. 218
2. Early Mill in New England text p. 220
3. Deck Life on the Paragon , 1811-1812 text p. 222
4. The Rendezvous, text p. 225
5. Seminole Dance text p. 227
6. Platte River Crossing text p. 226

Directions
Pick one image. Do not research the painting, image or the artist. Do not write about the painter or artist.
Share the primary source you picked and describe it in detail explaining what you see
After describing the source you picked answer these questions about the image:
What culture, time period and place does it depict?
What is the historic setting?
What perspective does the artist portray about the topic?
What “story” or “narrative” does the image display about the period after 1815 or the people in it?
What was left out?
What can we learn about the American experience from the image?
What does this source tell us about the time and place in which it was produced?
How did viewing this source help you understand the time in which the piece was produced?

Use only the text Chapter 8 .
No outside research.
You must show me your read and understand the material assigned and Module 8.

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case study unit 3 Writing Assignment Help

Complete the Unit 3 Assignment: Case Study

For this week’s Assignment you will apply the theories, concepts and research that you have covered so far this term to hypothetical case studies. Your answers to the questions should consist of information from the text and supplemental readings. You also may use sources from the Library or other credible Internet sources, but your primary sources should be the readings assigned for the course.

Read each Case Study and answer the questions below. You will need to write 2-3 typed pages for each case in order to address all required parts of the project. Answers to the questions should be typed in an APA formatted Word document, double-spaced in 12-point font and submitted to the Dropbox.

Your final paper must be your original work; plagiarism will not be tolerated. Be sure to review the Syllabus in terms of what constitutes plagiarism. Please make sure to provide proper credit for those sources used in your case study analysis in proper APA format. Please see the APA Quick Reference for any questions related to APA citations. You must credit authors when you:

  1. Summarize a concept, theory or research
  2. Use direct quotes from the text or articles

Read Case Study 1: Marla ’s fear of social situations

Marla is a 24-year-old woman who recently graduated from college and began a new job at an advertising firm. She suffers from extreme fear of social situations. In college, she avoided parties and large gatherings and tended to keep to herself. Now that she is working, it is becoming increasingly difficult for her to avoid social situations. Her boss and co-workers expect her to attend office functions and client parties as networking is a large part of the job. Marla is very artistic and creative and has already designed several successful ads for clients, but she is afraid that she will lose her job because of the difficulties she is experiencing socially.

Write a 2-3 page paper addressing the following:

Define the target behavior in Marla’s case study by writing a 1–2 sentence operational definition that meets all of the following criteria:

  • observable
  • passes the “Dead Man’s” test and the “stranger” test
  • uses no labels or hypothetical constructs

Describe how respondent conditioning and operant conditioning are involved in the development of an anxiety problem or fear.

Identify the CS and CR in Marla’s case study.

Discuss the difference between systematic and in-vivo desensitization as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure.

Design a behavior modification procedure for Marlautilizing either systematic desensitization or in vivo desensitization. Provide rationale for your selection.

Include the following in your behavior modification procedure:

  • a sample behavior hierarchy
  • at least one relaxation procedure
  • a description of how relaxation procedures and the behavior hierarchy are used together

In addition to the two desensitization procedures, your reading for this week covered two other ABA-based treatments that can be applied to assist clients with fear and anxiety. Identify these two treatments and describe how they could be implemented with Marla.

Read Case Study 2: Jon ’s hair pulling

Jon is a 6-year-old boy, with normal intelligence, who has a hair-pulling habit. The hair pulling occurs most often during periods of inactivity, such as during TV watching, quiet time in school, or waiting in line with his parents.

Write a 2–3 page paper addressing the following:

Provide a 1–2 sentence operational definition for Jon’s target behavior. Write a 1–2 sentence operational definition that meets all of the following criteria:

  • observable
  • passes the “Dead Man’s” test and the “stranger” test
  • uses no labels or hypothetical constructs

Determine whether Jon’s target behavior is a behavior excess or behavior deficit. Think of the risks of not intervening in Jon’s case and respond to the following:

  • What are the short-term risks to Jon (in the next 3 months)?
  • What are the long-term risks to Jon (in the next 6–12 months)?

Design a habit reversal procedure for Jon describing all four components of habit reversal and how they would be implemented.

Include the following in your habit reversal procedure:

  • A specific competing response
  • Describe how you could include the use of a differential reinforcement procedure

*Note: Your description of differential reinforcement should include how to implement at least one of the differential reinforcement procedures from your reading (e.g., DRA, DRO, DRI, or DRL).

Suppose that Jon had an intellectual disability. Explain how your habit reversal procedure might change to increase its effectiveness. Include one evidence-based procedure from your reading for this week.

Read Chapter 15: “Differential Reinforcement” (Miltenberger, pp.297-325).

Read in Chapter 17: “Using Punishment: Time-Out and Response Cost” (Miltenberger, pp.363-369).

Read Chapter 21: “Habit Reversal Procedures” (Miltenberger, pp. 431-445).

Read Chapter 24: “Fear and Anxiety Reduction Procedures” (Miltenberger, pp.487-507).

TEXTBOOK INFORMATION

Title: Applied Behavior Analysis Edition: 2nd (2007)

Author: John O. Cooper, Timothy E. Heron, and William L. Heward

Publisher: Pearson

Book ISBN: 9780131421134

Ebook ISBN: 9780131421134

Title: Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures Edition: 6th (2016)

Author: Raymond Miltenberger

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Book ISBN: 9781305109391

Ebook ISBN: 9781285227924

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In your opinion who is one person that you would term a “hero” or a “villain” or a “little of both” ? Writing Assignment Help

Post should be in your own words.
Direct quotations should be no longer than 1.5 lines
No outside research is allowed. Use only content that is in the Module for Week 8 and the text.
Show understanding of the reading and assignments for Week 8 as you write your posts.
You must pick someone who had significant impact in the period of Module 8.
View the grading rubric in the upper right corner of the screen.

Initial post
During this period a number of strong individuals emerged to shape the direction of the United States.
In your opinion who is one person that you would term a “hero” or a “villain” or a “little of both” in this week’s assignments?
Analyze and explain the role played by the person you picked and defend why you think the person is a hero, villain or a little of each. Use evidence to defend your point of view.

Make sure you give evidence from the Week 8 Module to back your conclusions.

Do not repeat the questions.

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Econ 100 Week 4 Discussion AND response Economics Assignment Help

Reply to these prompts by using the company for which you currently work, a business with which your familiar, or a dream business you want to start:

  • With your selected business in mind, determine if it is competitive, monopolistic competitive, an oligopoly, or pure monopoly. Explain how you drew your conclusion about its market structure.
  • How does the business/firm in this industry determine the price it will charge for the products or services it sells?

Discuss with your peers:

  • Read one of your peer’s posts and share an insight or question you have about that business and its market structure.

Please read the weekly materials before answering the discussion question! This week, you should focus on the company for which you currently work, a business with which your familiar, or a dream business you want to start in order to address the following two issues:

  • Determine if it is competitive, monopolistic competitive, an oligopoly, or pure monopoly and explain how you drew your conclusion about its market structure.
  • Based on the type of industry in which the firm operates, explain how the business/firm in this industry determines the price it charges for the products or services it sells?

Focusing on monopoly for example, keep in mind that the four key characteristics of monopoly are: (1) a single firm selling all output in a market, (2) a unique product, (3) restrictions on entry into and exit out of the industry, and more often than not (4) specialized information about production techniques unavailable to other potential producers. Basically, a monopoly only means having a single seller. Even though students often think that the term monopoly implies “big business”, plenty of small businesses are monopolies. For example, small towns may have several single sellers, vendors at concerts, or sporting events. There are probably several monopolies on the campus of your university.

Class: Define price discrimination and list the conditions that must be met for price discrimination to occur

THIS IS WHAT YOU SHOULD RESPOND TO AS WELL:

tanner

My current company that I work for is Verizon Wireless and we are currently a competitive business. In the US there are at least 4 Major cell carriers including ourselves . Then on top of this there are many other smaller and prepaid carriers in this country as well. So it is absolutely a competitive industry with a lot of different options for the consumer to choose from. Over all I would say our business determines the pricing of our services slightly off of the competition, but Verizon prides itself on being the best and it has studies and facts to back this up. So our services have always been more of a premium compared to other carriers. However in recent years due to the competition we have lowered our prices significantly in order to stay competitive in the market do to very enticing offers from Sprint, Tmobile etc. So Verizon as a whole does determine pricing based off of the other market competition, but we are also aware of our premium and high quality products and services we offer so we still in some cases may cost slightly more, but of course with cell service you most certainly get what you pay for.

Econ 100 Week 4 Discussion AND response Economics Assignment Help[supanova_question]

Dealing with Complexity Writing Assignment Help

Assessment Instructions

Assessment Overview

As the producer and correspondent of a television or radio news magazine (like 60 Minutes, VICE News, or All Things Considered), you have been assigned to deliver an informative 12-minute segment on one of the contemporary issues you and your classmates have been discussing during the past three weeks. Corporate policy requires that you consider insights from two or more academic disciplines for example: nursing and social work, or philosophical ethics, psychology, and biology. (Note: These are only examples; you are free to choose your own disciplines!) It also requires that you interview credible representatives of at least two distinct positions on the issue. You need not remain neutral on the issue; in fact, you are expected to state and defend your own position with clear reasoning in your own words.

You will choose which of the complex social issues to present here. The intended audience for your segment is an intelligent but perhaps uninformed public, so this is your opportunity to engage them in an issue that matters to you.

Assessment Instructions

The final script for your production should, of course, include APA-style citations and references. You will submit a copy of this script to Turnitin in the usual manner.

You may submit the assessment itself in either of two formats:

  1. Option One: Produce the video segment. You should appear as the correspondent, but you may enlist family and friends to play other parts. You might even take on distinct roles yourself, in a video “selfie” where you consider the alternatives accurately. Kaltura and Adobe Connect are available in the courseroom, but may use any device or software of your choice, so long as you are able to submit the work to your instructor for assessment.
  2. Option Two: Produce the audio segment as you would for broadcast as a radio program or as a podcast. Once again, you will be the correspondent, but you are welcome to invite others to participate or record yourself in different roles. As with the video option, you may record the audio in any way that suits you, making sure to submit the audio file or a link to it as the submission for assessment.

Include the following concepts in this assessment:

  1. Explain the selected issue you selected, with reference to practical instances.
  2. Describe relevant contributions to the issue from at least two different academic disciplines.
  3. Explain at least two distinct positions on the issue, considering each fairly.
  4. Defend your own position on the issue clearly.

Submit this assessment to your ePortfolio.

Your instructor may provide video feedback on your work, as well as completing the official scoring guide for the assessment.

Assignment Requirements

  • Communication: Create a video or audio presentation that reports on a contemporary social issue from multiple perspectives.
  • Media presentation: Ensure your video or audio recording is a minimum of 12 minutes in length, with notes or a transcript to ensure accessibility to everyone. Upload the presentation.
  • Resources: Use your judgment to ensure your topic is thoroughly researched. There is no minimum number of resources required, however.
  • APA guidelines: Format resources and citations according to current APA style guidelines. When appropriate, use APA-formatted headings.
  • Font and font size: Use a font of appropriate size and weight for presentation, generally 24–28 points for headings and no smaller than 18 points for bullet-point text.

Suggested Resources

The following optional resources are provided to support you in completing the assessment or to provide a helpful context. For additional resources, refer to the Research Resources and Supplemental Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom.

Ethics

SHOW LESS

Social Responsiblity

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ppt slides Computer Science Assignment Help

Students should be divided into groups prior to the residency session. Each group will submit a reserach paper and a presentation through iLearn (using SafeAssign). These should be submitted before students depart from the residency session.

Papers are typically 10 pages (content) length and presentation times vary on class (typically 10 – 15 minutes). Each group member should participate in both portions of the assignment. I expect an additional 2-3 pages for figures, tables, and references. Thus total is 12-13 pages APA format.

Be sure to review with students that APA format is REQUIRED.

Research Topics:

1. Cryptographic Applications for City Government

2. Cryptography in Internet of Things

3. Using Crytpographic in Everyday Use for Persoanl Device

4. Need for Establishing National Agency for Cryptography in [Select Country This is Not Present – Central European Country]

5. Cryptography Needs to Personal Use

6. Need for Crypgraphy in [Selected Country]

You will cite the following items in your paper submission.

Dawson, M. (2018). Applying a holistic cybersecurity framework for global IT organizations. Business Information Review, 35(2), 60-67.

Abstract

Examined are the three core themes: the role of education in cybersecurity, the role of technology in cybersecurity, and the role of policy in cybersecurity. These topics are essential for organizations seeking to establish environments that allow them to be successful irregardless of location while examining external and internal conditions. This study examined the research gaps within cybersecurity as it relates to core themes in an effort to develop stronger policies, education programs, and hardened technologies for cybersecurity use. This work illustrates how cybersecurity can be broken into these three core areas and used together to address issues such as developing training environments for teaching real cybersecurity events. It will further show the correlations between technologies and policies for system Certification and Accreditation. Finally, it will offer insights on how cybersecurity can be used to maintain wirelessly security for international and national security for global organizations.

Available at: http://works.bepress.com/maurice_dawson/65/

Dawson, Maurice. Hyper-Connectivity: Intricacies of National and International Cyber Securities, London Metropolitan University (United Kingdom), Ann Arbor, 2017. ProQuest, http://eznvcc.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/2013953161?accountid=12902.

Abstract

This thesis examined the three core themes: the role of education in cyber security, the role of technology in cyber security, and the role of policy in cyber security in which the papers are published. The associated works are published in referred journals, peer reviewed book chapters, and conference proceedings. Research can be found in the following outlets; 1. Security Solutions for Hyperconnectivity and the Internet of Things, 2. Developing Next-Generation Countermeasures for Homeland Security Threat Prevention, 3. New Threats and Countermeasures in Digital Crime and Cyber Terrorism, 4. International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management, 5. Handbook of Research on 3-D Virtual Environments and Hypermedia for Ubiquitous Learning, 6. Information Security in Diverse Computing Environments, 7. Technology, Innovation, and Enterprise Transformation, 8. Journal of Information Systems Technology and Planning, 9. Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. The short comings and gaps in cyber security research is the research focus on hypeconnectivity of people, and technology to include the policies that provide the standards for security hardened systems. Prior research on cyber and homeland security reviewed the three core themes separately rather than jointly. This study examined the research gaps within cyber security as it relates to core themes in an effort to develop stronger policies, education programs, and hardened technologies for cyber security use. This work illustrates how cyber security can broken into these three core areas and used together to address issues such as developing training environments for teaching real cyber security events. It will further show the correlations between technologies and policies for system Certification & Accreditation (C&A). Finally, it will offer insights on how cyber security can be used to maintain security for international and national security. The overall results of my study provide guidance how on to create an ubiquitous learning (u-learning) environment to teach cyber security concepts, craft polices that affect secure computing, effects on national, and international security. The overall research has been improving the role of cyber security in education, technology, and policy.

same topic for ppt

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research paper Computer Science Assignment Help

Research Assignment/Presentation

Students should be divided into groups prior to the residency session. Each group will submit a reserach paper and a presentation through iLearn (using SafeAssign). These should be submitted before students depart from the residency session.

Papers are typically 10 pages (content) length and presentation times vary on class (typically 10 – 15 minutes). Each group member should participate in both portions of the assignment. I expect an additional 2-3 pages for figures, tables, and references. Thus total is 12-13 pages APA format.

Be sure to review with students that APA format is REQUIRED.

Research Topics:

5. Cryptography Needs to Personal Use

Abstract

Examined are the three core themes: the role of education in cybersecurity, the role of technology in cybersecurity, and the role of policy in cybersecurity. These topics are essential for organizations seeking to establish environments that allow them to be successful irregardless of location while examining external and internal conditions. This study examined the research gaps within cybersecurity as it relates to core themes in an effort to develop stronger policies, education programs, and hardened technologies for cybersecurity use. This work illustrates how cybersecurity can be broken into these three core areas and used together to address issues such as developing training environments for teaching real cybersecurity events. It will further show the correlations between technologies and policies for system Certification and Accreditation. Finally, it will offer insights on how cybersecurity can be used to maintain wirelessly security for international and national security for global organizations.

Available at: http://works.bepress.com/maurice_dawson/65/

Abstract

Examined are the three core themes: the role of education in cybersecurity, the role of technology in cybersecurity, and the role of policy in cybersecurity. These topics are essential for organizations seeking to establish environments that allow them to be successful irregardless of location while examining external and internal conditions. This study examined the research gaps within cybersecurity as it relates to core themes in an effort to develop stronger policies, education programs, and hardened technologies for cybersecurity use. This work illustrates how cybersecurity can be broken into these three core areas and used together to address issues such as developing training environments for teaching real cybersecurity events. It will further show the correlations between technologies and policies for system Certification and Accreditation. Finally, it will offer insights on how cybersecurity can be used to maintain wirelessly security for international and national security for global organizations

you can refer this link http://eznvcc.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/2013953161?accountid=12902.

APA Format

Times New Roman -12

single space

with references links

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The Iliad (Books I-III and XX-XXIV) and The Art of War (Complete) Writing Assignment Help

Homer’s Iliad:

Background to the Trojan War

The War resulted from the Judgment of Paris–a myth involving Achilles’ parents, the goddesses Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite (called Juno, Minerva, and Venus in our text), and the mortal Trojan, Paris. Essentially, the goddess Thetis, who would become Achilles’ mother, married a mortal named Peleus; all the gods and goddesses of Olympus and the other Greek gods and goddesses were invited. Except Eris, goddess of discord, because she caused trouble.

Being insulted, Eris had her revenge–she created a golden apple inscribed with a Greek word meaning ‘To the Fairest of All’ and rolled it into the wedding. Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite all claimed the apple, and appealed to Zeus to settle the dispute. As Hera was his wife and sister, Athena his daughter, and Aphrodite, his … cousin I guess you would call her–she was born from the ocean after Cronos castrated his father Uranus and threw the genitals into the sea–Zeus wanted no part of this dispute. Paris was chosen because he was seen as an honorable mortal because he fairly dealt with the god Apollo in a different dispute.

All three of the goddesses offered bribes; Hera, queen of the gods, offered power–the crown of Europe and Asia; Athena, goddess of wisdom and warfare, offered skill and wisdom in battle; Aphrodite offered beauty and love: Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. Paris chose Aphrodite and claimed Helen as his wife.

Problem was, Helen was already married to Menelaus, king of Sparta. After Paris stole Helen and brought her to Troy, Menelaus and his brother Agamemnon declare war on Troy and unite the city-states of Greece to their cause. They recruit Odysseus, Achilles, and other great Greek heroes to fight Troy. The Trojan War would last 10 years, only ending (after the events of The Iliad) when Odysseus creates the Trojan Horse, which allows the Greeks to get inside the great Troy gates.

It took another 10 years for Odysseus to get home to Ithaka–detailed in The Odyssey.

Peter Paul Reubens depicted the Judgment of Paris in his painting seen here (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

The goddesses are lined up: Athena, next to her discarded armor; Aphrodite, attended by her son Eros (also known as Cupid); and Hera wearing a golden crown. Paris holds up the golden apple.

The War has been used in countless works of art, poems, plays, films, sculpture, music, etc. In the 20th Century, the Irish poet W.B. Yeats imagined the moment of Zeus raping Leda in his poem ‘Leda and the Swan (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.‘ to focus on the horror of that moment as well as the devastation of the War (be forewarned, it’s a graphic and disturbing poem that is not required reading for this course, but does offer a modern view/context to Homer’s work). And the American poet H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) also re-imagined that scene in her poem ‘Leda (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.‘ (less graphic perhaps but no less disturbing).

Why do you think this moment remains so powerful for artists?

Features/Forms in Homer’s Poetry

While our version of the poem is rendered in a modern prose style, the original Homeric Poetry has the following features:

  1. Invocation of the Muse—asking for help from the gods to sing and write well in line 2–Calliope was the goddes of epic poetry and the poet is asking for her help in making a great work.We see this in the first lines, ‘Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus,that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans.’
  2. The use of titles and epithets like ‘Grey-eyed Goddess,’ ‘White-Armed Goddess,’ ‘Clever Odysseus.’ This was done to give the person reciting the poem a neumonic device to remember lines.
  3. The “Homeric Catalog”: Lists of names, weapons, Achilles’ shield as described in Book XVII etc.
  4. Scenes of horror juxtaposed with touching, tender scenes. See for example the scene when Hector greets his son and scares the boy to death before taking off his helmet and the boy becomes happy. See also the scene when Achilles receives Paris after killing Hector. Both men lost someone they loved. Both are grieving and share a tender moment in their grief.

Themes:

  1. Homecoming–key theme throughout Greek literature–also a theme The Odyssey. The idea of getting home to wife and children as well as the idea of defending home. Seen in one of Achilles’ fates: returning home, but without his battle won glory–but he can live a long life.
  2. Glory, won especially on the battlefield–Fame, notoriety, and going down in history all key for the this theme. Seen in Achilles’ other fate: he can live a short life, dying on the battlefield, but he will earn great fame and glory. He chooses this fate, going down in history as a great warrior. Paris, who kills Achilles, gets no glory for this because he doesn’t face Achilles face to face but instead shoots him from behind. (there’s a whole forum on this point)
  3. Honor and Respect–due especially to one’s betters or superiors, to the gods, and to those who win glory on the battlefield. (there’s a whole forum on this point)
  4. Rage/Fury/Wrath–a key theme that opens the open–Achilles is full of wrath and rage because of his sense of dishonor because of Agamemnon’s actions. The Gods too are wrathful–Poseidon keeps Odysseus from reaching home for 10 years after Troy, Apollo rains plague and death down on the Greeks at Troy, Athena tricks Hector into facing Achilles and certain death, etc. See for example Athena’s rage, Hector’s rage against Patroclus, and Achilles’ rage upon Hector.
  5. Fate–Once a fate is set, no chance of change in Greek culture–the fates are settled and that’s it–even the other Gods do not/cannot change the Fates. Achilles must choose between two fates and two fates only: Going home without honor, or honor and legendary glory, but dying young on the battlefield.

Respect vs. Honor/Glory

How do these idea differ both in The Iliad and in your mind?

A key for the Greeks is that glory is won, honor is displayed and received. Honor is shown to guests, to superiors, to the gods, etc. Achilles, e.g., shows respect and proper honor to Priam despite being enemies in the War.

But Achilles did not honor Hector and in fact loses his honor because he dishonors Hector’s body Hector did not honor Patroclus.

Picking Sides in the Trojan War

I’d say both sides have heroes, their reasons for going to war, and are both wrong in going to war–so typical of wars in general.

Homer, like most great writers and poets, gives no easy answers. Can we apply images and lessons from the Iliad to our current wars?

The Trojan War, like the recent and on-going wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, lasted ten years. Does it compare to Vietnam, the Great War (World War 1) or WW2 in your mind? How so? How not?

The Gods joing the fray on both sides–we are told in Book XX that, “Juno, Pallas Minerva, earth-encircling Neptune, Mercury bringer of good luck and excellent in all cunning—all these joined the host that came from the ships; with them also came Vulcan in all his glory, limping, but yet with his thin legs plying lustily under him. Mars of gleaming helmet joined the Trojans, and with him Apollo of locks unshorn, and the archer goddess Diana, Leto, Xanthus, and laughter-loving Venus.” It becomes, aside from Jupiter/Jove/Zeus, a family affair and civil war.

What do you think of these gods and how they enter this human affair–especially Zeus’ role as literal progenitar of the conflict who refuses to take a side in this horror he creates through this lust and rape?

Achilles vs. Hector

The conflict in the story builds to its climax in the fight between to the two greatest heroes on each side, Achilles and Hector, in Book XX. The narration we have in this version is pretty graphic–this version of the poem spares little detail of the damage that swords, spears, and shields can do to human bodies–what do you think of these depictions? Is this entertaining? Or perhaps meant to show that war is not so entertaining and fun as stories (especially in modern Hollywood) would have us believe, but utterly destructive and dehumanizing.

Achilles’ rage comes from the killing of his friend and most beloved comrade, Patroclus, by Hector in a section of the story we’re not looking at.

In his dying breaths, Hector asks Achilles to accept the ransom for his body and treat it with respect–as a fallen equal, but Achilles, to his shame in the eyes of the gods and certainly it is suggested to us the reader, will have none of.

Achilles drags Hector’s body like a dog many times around Patroclus’ tomb and around the Gates of Troy. He attempts to defile Hector’s corpse (Apollo, Troy’s protector, keeps the body from being destroyed). Does this make Achilles less heroic? Does it matter?

Achilles is then killed by Paris in a way that, to the Greeks at least, was cowardly–Paris doesn’t face Achilles as an equal with sword and spear, but he hides behind Achilles and shoots him in the leg with an arrow.

Paris receives no honor or glory for the kill, Achilles is buried with honor and glory for killing Hector and so many other Trojans.

Themes in The Iliad

It is a story of how men and gods fight for glory and fame–often to know or even despite their fates–and try to either defend of get home. It’s like much of war itself in all ages and times–the soldiers often, as I understand it, often develop a cynical sense that one’s fate is already sealed–you’ll either get home or you won’t and there’s nothing you can do about it.

But getting home is the chief desire–we see this in Achilles and the other warriors, I think, in The Iliad. Glory and honor then come far down the list of possible achievements–more so in the Greek literature than in real life, I imagine. Every United States’ Medal of Honor winner I’ve heard speak (and I met several at their annual convention one year during grad school) all say that they deserved their medals far less than others they knew, and accepted the Medal of Honor only on behalf of those who didn’t come home.

So what can we say about such themes in Homer’s poem? How does the poem handle issues like predestination and fate? How does it handle the issue of the nature of war as a good thing in a general sense, but an absolute horror in the particulars?

Other thoughts on broad themes or specific scenes/characters in the work?

Sun Tzu’s The Art of War

In the introduction to the work in our anthology, our editors write, “In Confucian thinking, everyone has an assigned place in society, with strict expectations for behavior that could potentially limit creative/unusual responses. Sun Tzu’s approach to warfare is Daoist in nature, rather than Confucian ‘by adapting oneself to one’s situation, rather than rigidly holding fast to how one thinks things should be, one is able to recognize the fluidity of conditions and act upon them decisively’ (Mark).”

Early on, Sun Tzu writes,

“The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one’s deliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field. 4. These are: (1) The Moral Law; (2) Heaven; (3) Earth; (4) The Commander; (5) Method and Discipline. 5, 6. The MORAL LAW causes the people to be in complete accord with their ruler, so that they will follow him regardless of their lives, undismayed by any danger. 7. HEAVEN signifies night and day, cold and heat, times and seasons. 8. EARTH comprises distances, great and small; danger and security; open ground and narrow passes; the chances of life and death. 9. The COMMANDER stands for the virtues of wisdom, sincerity, benevolence, courage, and strictness. 10. By METHOD AND DISCIPLINE are to be understood the marshaling of the army in its proper subdivisions, the graduations of rank among the officers, the maintenance of roads by which supplies may reach the army, and the control of military expenditure.”

What do you think of this as organizing principles for a society? What is the role of justice?

How does this view of war and society compare and contrast to that which we see in the six books of The Iliad we’ve read this week?

What other points of Sun Tzu’s treatise seem useful to us–in what contexts? Why do you think that business schools, law schools, and modern military academies like West Point and Annapolis teach this work?

No words limit. This PDF is free and Open-Source:

https://ung.edu/university-press/books/compa0ct-an…

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Note: “Briefly explain” means a sentence or two. 1) Economics Assignment Help

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