Please read this paragraph carefully and make sure you follow all instructions. It may include special instructions, like submitting. Please read this paragraph carefully and make sure you follow all instructions. It may include special instructions, like submitting.
Eye Witness Testimony
Every year, thousands of people are charged with crimes solely on the basis of eyewitness evidence. Many of these eyewitness accounts are accurate, but many are not—which is why psychologists have been interested in the topic for more than 100 years (Doyle, 2005). Several years ago, the National Institute of Justice reported on 28 wrongful convictions in which convicted felons were proved innocent by new tests of old DNA evidence after varying numbers of years in prison. Remarkably, every one of these convictions involved a mistaken identification (Connors et al., 1996). Now, some 300 DNA exonerations later, it is clear: Eyewitness error is the most common cause of wrongful convictions (Wells, Memon, [supanova_question]
Original Prompt: Discuss at least two potential ethical issues that could be
Original Prompt: Discuss at least two potential ethical issues that could be of concern with nursing use of social media.
Although each person has the freedom to use Social Media to communicate, but when it is used as a means of communication and dissemination related to medical practice, it is important that the nurses should maintain an ethical attitude (Mansfield et al., 2017). As an initiative to reduce complaints from patients and return to ethical and professional principles that at no time should be alien to medical practice, recently various health institutions and organizations such as the American Medical Association in the United States, have developed guides on good practices and responsible use of social media. Following are the potential ethical issues that could be of concern for nursing:
Confidentiality and medical secrecy: When describing a case in social media, it must be accompanied by a clear and defined objective, be it the benefit for patients or for academic medicine. In both scenarios, it is essential to ensure that the patient is not identifiable in any way, by means of his face, his name or any other information that links him to a nurse or an institution. When describing the pathology of the case, sensationalism and morbidity should be avoided.
Medical advice to other professionals: Social media is often useful for clinicians to solicit professional opinions from colleagues in other areas. However, if the exchange of images and data is required, it is essential to avoid that the information that is shared can be recognized by third parties, since this can even affect the claims of patients to their health insurance. It is recommended not to use public but private means of communication such as email and not to permanently save said images or data, unless they are used for academic purposes and duly edited (Jain, 2019).
Maintain a proper professional image: It is common for nurses to appear in their avatar with a clinical uniform, with their title, in an office or performing a procedure. It is important to note that not only is giving a personal image, the profession is also reflected, and therefore special care is required in the type of content that is added to the profile.
Maintain respect for colleagues: Faced with a journalistic note or a publication in social media by an institution that covers health issues, such as the creation of medical units, appointments of officials, the withdrawal of a drug from the market, among others, different points will always arise. Therefore, if these discrepancies arise, it is important to avoid publishing disqualifications and pejorative expressions about health professionals and other areas in the social media. As well as allusions to personal and private matters.
Maintain a responsible attitude about medical information disseminated through virtual social networks: It is important that any opinion in these media is recognized as personal and does not reflect the feelings of a group or an association. One of the most controversial points in this section is the quality of the published content, if in any social media information is detected that endangers people’s health, it is convenient to report it.
Jain, S. (2019). Practicing medicine in the age of Facebook. N Engl J Med, 361 (7): 649-51 Mansfield, S., Morrison, S., Stephens, H., Bonning, M., Wang, S. & Withers, A. (2017). Social media and the medical profession. Med J Aust, 194 (12): 642-4
Ethical Issues Related to Social Media
Technology is an instrumental tool in the provision of healthcare services. Social media platforms play an integral role in facilitating interactions with patients and educating them on healthcare issues (Milton, 2016). That is why the nursing profession has been leveraging the power of social media to engage with patients and healthcare professional colleagues. However, there are ethical issues that stem from the use of social media in nursing. If not handled appropriately, ethical issues related to social media can compromise the quality of patient outcomes.
Privacy and Confidentiality Issues
While social media in nursing has benefits, ethical issues related to privacy and confidentiality expose a negative side of technology use. From the onset, social media platforms expose people more than physical interactions. It is highly likely to expose private and confidential information on social media even without the intention of doing so (Rivera-Romero et al., 2020). Since it is a public social networking platform, information is available to a large number of people. This calls for nurses to be extremely careful not to share information that should remain confidential.
For example, it is unethical for nursing professionals to allow unrestricted access to their private information on social media. In particular, patients should not have unhindered access to personal information belonging to healthcare providers (Rivera-Romero et al., 2020). Since nurses have a role in protecting the patient-nursing professional relationship, they ought not to allow their private information to fall into the hands of patients. If they fail to safeguard the extent to which they share their personal information online, they risk damaging the integrity of the patient-nurse relationship (Rivera-Romero et al., 2020). Unfortunately, this can lead to poor healthcare outcomes. For nursing professionals to avoid this ethical situation, they should use privacy settings on social media to block unrestricted access to their private information. It is even better for them to strive to make their private and professional realms separate to avoid ethical issues.
Expression of Personal Views
Another ethical concern that arises from the use of social media in nursing is the expression of personal opinions on the internet. Social media is a platform that gives persons the freedom to express their ideas and opinions on different matters. However, for nursing professionals, this freedom has a ceiling. They have to be careful about what they post or communicate online (Rivera-Romero et al., 2020). In other words, there has to be a boundary they cannot cross; otherwise, they will end up falling into the trap of ethical dilemmas. For example, a healthcare professional who is opposed to certain aspects of healthcare reform can criticize the government openly in a manner that crosses the limits of professional practice. This move can taint the image of the professional because of allowing personal views to be shared on the wrong platform. Therefore, instead of sharing such views on social media, it is prudent for nursing professionals to communicate their opinions through the designated professional channels to avoid creating ethical issues that can be detrimental.
Indeed, social media is a powerful tool that helps to strengthen communication and interactions in healthcare settings. However, it should be utilized ethically to avoid issues that affect the development of quality and professional relationships between patients and healthcare providers. If handled most properly, ethical issues related to social media can be avoided altogether.
Milton C. L. (2016). Power with social media: A nursing perspective. Nursing Science Quarterly, 29(2), 113–115. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894318416630104 (Links to an external site.)
Rivera-Romero, O., Konstantinidis, S., Denecke, K., Gabarrón, E., Petersen, C., Househ, M., Merolli, M., & Mayer, M. A. (2020). Ethical considerations for participatory health through social media: Healthcare workforce and policymaker perspectives. Yearbook of Medical Informatics, 29(1), 71–76. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1701981 (Links to an external site.)
Edited by Acosta Soriano, Greter on Sep 8 at 11:46pm[supanova_question]
Action Research Project Report and Presentation and please include references in APA format 7th ed.
Please read this paragraph carefully and make sure you follow all instructions. It may include special instructions, like submitting Action Research Project Report and Presentation
This is the final assignment in your Action Research Project. This assignment is your opportunity to showcase your solution to the issue at the organization that you have examined throughout the course. In this assignment, you will demonstrate your understanding of the issue, your solution to the issue, the ethical implications involved in the study, and your action plan for the future, including your recommendations for the organizational stakeholders. Before you begin your final project assignment, review the Action Research Project Report and Presentation Scoring Guide and the Action Research Project overview in order to familiarize yourself with the requirements of this assignment.
This final project assignment includes two components:
Action Research Project Report: Compile your work from the previous assignments to form the sections of this final Action Research Project Report, as outlined below. Incorporate revisions and updates based on the instructor and peer feedback you have received, as well as any changes that may have occurred as your project developed. Create the Conclusions section (as well as the table of contents) for your report at this time.
Action Research Project Presentation: Create a presentation on your project, using a PowerPoint slide deck (or similar software) and Kaltura (or similar software) for your audio recording, for your intended audience of the internal and external stakeholders of the chosen organization and program.
In both parts of your assignment, be sure to cover the following key points:
Describe the human services issue you have chosen, the study you have researched, and the organization and program studied.
Discuss the problem, goals, demographics, data, and issues involved, using the action research process to assess strategies for addressing them.
Detail your proposed solution to the issue for the human services organization, and discuss your recommendations for the stakeholders.
Develop concluding remarks that summarize the highlights of your chosen study, including your proposals for future steps.
Action Research Project Report
Your final Action Research Project Report should total at least 20 pages in length, including all of the previous project work you have developed throughout the course in the assignments and related discussions. Present your written report according to the following sections:
Table of Contents.
Abstract: (roughly 1 page; no longer than two pages).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Abstract section of the Publishing Action Research discussion in Unit 9. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Describe the human services issue your action research project addresses, based on the study you have examined for your chosen organization.
Identify your proposed solution.
Briefly establish how you have used action research to assess the issue, examine the demographics and data, and develop strategies to achieve your solution to the human services issue.
Introduction: (minimum of 1 page).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Introduction section of your Identifying a Chosen Issue and Its Background assignment in Unit 2. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Briefly describe the human services organization and the program being examined.
Explain the focus of your chosen study.
State what the study is attempting to learn and understand about the issue.
Background for the Study: (roughly 2 pages).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Background for the Study section of your Identifying a Chosen Issue and Its Background assignment in Unit 2. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Discuss research that addresses or relates to your chosen human services issue, including the following:State the history of the issue and how the history is relevant to the current state of the issue.
Describe the previous work that has been done on this issue.
Analyze how other research relates to this issue.
Analyze the background of your chosen study.
Examine your chosen study using theoretical frameworks and systems thinking.Describe how this issue relates to other problems within the organization.
Description of the Research Context for the Study: (minimum of 5 pages).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Data Collection and Ethical Concerns assignment in Unit 3. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Discuss important information concerning the data and the participants for your chosen study.State where the study was conducted, including where the data was gathered.
Discuss who the participants in the research were and describe how they were selected.
Examine the ethical implications of your chosen study on the human services issue.State whether it was necessary for the researcher(s) to gain permission (informed consent) from participants to conduct the study. If so, describe those measures.
Explain how the researcher(s) assured participants that they were protected from harm and that they would not be exposed to risks.
Explain how participant confidentiality was protected.
Results of Data Collection and Analysis: (minimum of 4 pages).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Organizing and Analyzing Data assignment in Unit 5. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Discuss the general approach (such as individual, collaborative, organizational, or community) to the research design that is used in your specified study.
Evaluate the types of data collected, the methods used, the organization of the data, and the major findings of your chosen study.Identify the significant types of data that were collected.
Explain how the data was organized in the study.
Describe the exact methods of data collection that were used (for example, behavioral observation, interviewing, journaling, artifact collection, taking field notes, etcetera).
Evaluate the use of each data collection method within the context of this study. For each method of data collection, explain how the data was collected.
Exhibit the data in an appropriate format. If you use charts or graphs, be sure to apply APA style and formatting.
Discuss what tools were used to analyze the data.
Briefly analyze the major findings of the study to determine what was learned and discuss supporting examples.
Classify the raw data from your chosen study into data sets. Organize the findings in one of two ways:Identify and interpret themes that exist in the data and organize the data into those thematic categories. Display the data to support the statements you are making, so others may understand your groupings.
Organize the data according to a timeline of events chronologically, according to life history, in composite style, according to critical events, or in a narrative portraiture.
Action Plan: (1–2 pages).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Project Action Plan discussion in Unit 7. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Formulate a solution to your chosen issue, based on your findings.
Present your action plan for getting to your solution.
Explain how your plan will continue past its? initial implementation and be reassessed as part of the action research cycle.
Evaluate your planned activities, including an assessment of how you will implement your plan.
Distinguish the strengths and weaknesses of your action plan.
Discussion of Implications: (minimum of 4 pages).
This section of the assignment corresponds to the Study Evaluation assignment in Unit 7. In this section, be sure to cover the following main points:
Evaluate the implications of your findings from the study and the potential significance for your organization and for society as a whole.Analyze who might care about this study, and why.
Distinguish who benefits from this research.Explain what is important to you and to others concerning this research.
Describe whose interests are served by this research.
Propose future research steps regarding your human services issue, using systems thinking.Explain what new questions emerged in your analysis of your chosen study.
Explain how you will continue this inquiry.
Present a timeline plan that includes when to reassess this issue.
Conclusions: (roughly 2 pages).
Create this section of the report with this assignment. Address the following:
Create a brief summary of the study.
Develop concluding remarks that summarize the major insights from your chosen study, including proposing future steps.Briefly identify the new questions that emerged in your analysis of your chosen study.
Summarize the key points of how you will continue this inquiry.
Briefly address the action plan you developed in the Unit 7 discussion.
Briefly reiterate your future steps, including your timeline plan.
Action Research Project Presentation
Create a 5–8 minute Action Research Project Presentation for a prospective audience of the internal and external stakeholders of the program and the organization, highlighting the action research process you have followed and effectively communicating methods and practices that explain your solution to the organizational issue you have examined. This presentation should summarize the content of your Action Research Project Report for the stakeholders, demonstrating your understanding of the issue; analyzing how it was addressed in the study, including the ethical implications; interpreting what the study data suggests; and presenting your solution to the issue and plan for the future. Your presentation should also demonstrate how you used action research methods and practices to get to your solution.
Your goal for the presentation is to get the stakeholders invested in your solution and to convince them of why they should provide funding. Utilize clear charts or graphs to explain the research, as this adds value to your presentation. Use PowerPoint (or a similar software program) to develop your slides, as outlined below. Use Kaltura (or a similar program) to record your audio narration of the slides and upload the presentation.
The format of your Action Research Project Presentation should closely follow the structure of your Action Research Project Report. Include the following sections in 15–19 slides:
Title (1 slide).
Introduction (1 slide).
Background for the Study (2–3 slides).
Description of the Research Context for the Study (2–4 slides).
Results of Data Collection and Analysis (4 slides).
Action Plan (1–2 slides).
Discussion of Implications (3 slides).
Conclusions (1 slide).
References (1–2 slides).
Review the Riverbend City: Action Research Reflection and Stakeholder Presentation multimedia presentation (linked in the Resources) for guidance on what your presentation should entail.
Presentation Submission Requirements
Your presentation must meet the following requirements:
Written communication: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others, consistent with the expectations for members of the human services field.
APA guidelines: Follow current APA guidelines for style and formatting, using a title slide and references slide, and citing your sources properly in the body of your slides with corresponding references on the references slide.If you use graphs and charts, follow APA formatting guidelines.
Audio recording: Record a brief (5–8 minute) audiovisual presentation that highlights your more extensive action research report.
PowerPoint slides: Include 15–19 slides.
References: Present at least 12 references to support this presentation, corresponding with the references you use in your report.Action Research Project Report and Presentation Scoring GuideDue Date: End of Unit 9Percentage of Course Grade: 20%.CRITERIADescribe a chosen overall issue, its related human services organization, and a proposed solution.20%Discuss the problem, goals, demographics, data, and issues involved, using action research to assess strategies for a chosen human services issue.20?velop concluding remarks that summarize the highlights of a chosen study, including proposals for future steps.20%Create a presentation to internal and external stakeholders that highlights action research and effectively communicates methods and practices that explain a solution.20%Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others, consistent with the expectations for members of the human services field.20%