research paper on the negative effect of GMOs, English homework help Humanities Assignment Help. research paper on the negative effect of GMOs, English homework help Humanities Assignment Help.
RESEARCH PAPER Grading Rubric
Criteria 5 4 3 2 1
Purpose and Voice The research paper does an outstanding job of fulfilling its purpose of taking a stance on a literary topic and providing substantial information on the chosen topic. The writer’s voice is clear and shows interest in the topic. The details provided are complete and cover the topic fully. There is no irrelevant information present. Readers are not left with lingering questions about the topic. The research paper does a good job in fulfilling its purpose of taking a stance on a literary topic and providing information on the chosen topic, but the topic could be developed more fully. The writer’s voice is consistent and shows interest in the topic, but some information presented may be irrelevant to the topic. The purpose of taking a stance on a literary topic is not entirely clear because the writer’s voice is hard to find. The research paper provides some information on the topic, but gaps in information leave readers with questions. The inclusion of irrelevant information makes readers question what the main purpose of the paper is. The research paper does not fulfill its purpose of taking a stance on a literary topic and providing information. The writer’s voice is lacking, and the stance may be unclear and/or the information on the topic is sparse. The paper lacks significant details and may also contain irrelevant information. The purpose of the research paper is not clear. The writer’s voice is inconsistent or missing. The writer did not take a stance on a literary topic and did not do appropriate research. There is not enough information on the stated topic, or the information is not about the stated topic.
Ideas and Content The research paper is on a literary topic that interests the writer. The topic is sufficiently narrow to cover well, and a thesis statement provides a clear focus for the paper. The topic is fully researched and very well developed with facts, evidence, and quotations from cited sources that include at least four sources, one of which should be a print source. The research paper includes a comprehensive Works Cited page. The research paper is on a literary topic that is sufficiently narrow and that interests the writer. Although the paper contains a thesis statement, it does not focus the paper as well as it could. A great deal of research is present, but because the thesis statement is not focused well, the writer does not answer all pertinent questions and includes extraneous information. The research paper contains facts, evidence, and quotations from cited sources including at least four sources, one of which should be a print source. It also has a Works Cited page. It is unclear whether the topic of this research paper interests the writer. The thesis statement is vague, and the research is inadequate even though the topic may be sufficiently narrow. The paper contains facts and quotations, but sources are not always cited. The writer relies heavily on websites and does not include enough research from print sources. The research paper includes a Works Cited page, but it is not complete. The writer does not appear interested in this topic, and many questions are left unanswered. There is no clear expression of a thesis statement. The research is insufficient, unsubstantiated, or relies upon faulty sources. It does not contain quotations and facts cited from valid sources. The Works Cited page is either incomplete or missing. The topic of this research paper does not lend itself to academic research. There is no thesis statement that focuses the paper, and there are no cited facts and quotations from appropriate sources, so the research is negligible. There is no Works Cited page.
Structure and Organization The research paper has a clear structure with an introductory paragraph or paragraphs that grab the reader’s attention and clearly state the thesis. Each body paragraph contains reasons or evidence in the form of facts and quotations that support the thesis. The conclusion tells readers what the writer has learned or leaves readers with something to think about. The writer uses an appropriate pattern of organization that fits the topic and thesis. Transitions are used to clarify ideas and to move smoothly within and between paragraphs. The paper includes thought-provoking and specific headings, interesting and informative graphics, and an instructive multimedia component that aids comprehension. The research paper has a clear structure—introduction with a thesis statement, body paragraphs, and a conclusion—although one part of the structure may not be developed well. The writer occasionally strays from a logical presentation of ideas, but transitions are generally used effectively. The paper includes useful headings, most of which are specific, relevant graphics, and a multimedia component that aids in comprehension. The structure of the research paper is usually clear, with an introduction, thesis statement, body, and a conclusion. However, the writer does not always use a new paragraph for a new idea. The organization is not always clear, but readers can usually follow the ideas. The writer uses some transitions, but more are needed to make content flow more smoothly. The paper includes headings and graphics, though some may be generic or not entirely connected to the paper’s subject matter, and a multimedia component. The structure of the research paper is somewhat clear. There seems to be an introduction, body, and a conclusion, but the writer does not use paragraphing well. The organization is somewhat unclear, and the writer tends to jump around. Minimal transitions are used to connect ideas. The paper is missing headings, graphics, or a multimedia component, or it uses one or more of these elements in ways that detract from the writing of the piece. The structure of the research paper is almost nonexistent. There may be only one or two long paragraphs, and there are few or no transitions between ideas. The paper has neither headings, nor graphics, nor a multimedia component.
Language and Word Choice The student considers purpose and audience in the language, word choice, and tone of the research paper. The student uses formal language that is powerful and clear, several domain-specific words, and several literary techniques such as similes, metaphors and analogies to explain concepts and provide clear information. The tone is serious and consistently objective, with no personal opinions offered. The student usually considers purpose and audience in the language, word choice, and tone of the research paper. The student usually employs formal language, uses at least one domain-specific word, and includes at least one simile, metaphor, or analogy to explain concepts and provide clear information. The tone is serious and usually objective, although sometimes the student might state an opinion. The student attempts to consider purpose and audience in the language, word choice, and tone of the research paper. However, the student sometimes loses sight of one of these aspects and includes inappropriate language or vague words, misses opportunities to incorporate domain-specific words, or fails to use literary techniques such as similes, metaphors, or analogies to explain concepts and provide clear information. Imprecise language is sometimes confusing, but readers can usually figure out the meaning. The tone of the paper is serious, but some of the language is inform and not always objective. The student’s opinions are present. The student does not seem to consider purpose and audience when selecting language, word choice, and tone. There are several instances of inappropriate language or wording being used, the student does not incorporate domain-specific vocabulary, or the attempts to use literary techniques such as similes, metaphors, or analogies to explain concepts or provide clear information only serve to muddle the paper’s message. The language and word choices tend to be informal and imprecise, leaving readers trying to figure out the meaning. The tone is not consistently serious, and the research paper contains many opinions. There is little consideration for purpose and audience in the student’s choice of language, word choice, and tone. The paper lacks any domain-specific vocabulary and contains no literary techniques that might explain concepts or provide clear information to readers. The research paper contains personal opinions, comments, and exclamations. The research paper contains informal language, including slang and other inappropriate expressions. The tone is inconsistent.
Sentences and Mechanics Each sentence expresses a complete thought, and sentence beginnings and structures are varied. Quotations contain the exact words of the source and are punctuated correctly. All citations within the research paper and on the Works Cited page are in proper citation format. There are extremely few errors in grammar, in usage, and in mechanics, and those errors that exist do not impede readers’ understanding. Most sentences contain complete thoughts, and sentences are varied. Quotations are used for the exact words of a source, but sometimes they are not punctuated correctly. Most citations within the paper and on the Works Cited page are in proper citation format. There are few errors in grammar, in usage, and in mechanics, and those errors that exist rarely interfere with readers’ ability to understand. Sentences do not all contain complete thoughts although there may be some sentence variety. There are several unintentional fragments and run-ons. Some quotations are not punctuated correctly, and not all citations are in proper citation format. There are errors in grammar, in usage, and in mechanics that sometimes interfere with readers’ ability to understand. Some sentences are incomplete, and sentence beginnings rarely vary. It is often difficult to know where quotations begin and end. Many citations are in improper citation format. There are errors in grammar, in usage, and in mechanics that make the paper difficult to understand. Most sentences contain errors in structure. Quotations, if used, may be incorrectly punctuated. Most citations, if present, are in improper citation format. Multiple errors in grammar, in usage, and in mechanics make the paper difficult to understand.
research paper on the negative effect of GMOs, English homework help Humanities Assignment Help[supanova_question]
BIOS 101 Problem Set Questions, biology homework help Science Assignment Help
Problem Set Three
Please answer these questions on a separate sheet(s) of paper, and please type. It is imperative that no part of your answer be copied directly from an online source, or from another student, either in this class or from a previous year. This problem set is due by safe assign, the due date being listed on the syllabus, and is very firm.
1. A researcher is exploring a tropical rainforest that is destined to be clear cut and turned into a palm oil plantation, six months in the future. She encounters many species that are new to science.
a) Which species concept would be most expedient and effective, in the process of collecting, naming, and describing what she finds?
b) Go online and research. Give at least three examples of actual species that are new to science, that were discovered in tropical rainforests, within the last few years. Why don’t northern temperate forests yield as many new species, nowadays?
c) Why is palm oil a subject of concern for conservationists? In a few complete sentences, explain.
2. A researcher is studying the mating calls of a widespread species of cricket. He discovers that male crickets collected from different locations give different calls. Furthermore, females collected from different locations exhibit different responses to the calls, preferring the calls of males from the location they were collected from. The crickets are otherwise identical. In lab experiments, he demonstrates that females will not mate with males that have a call not typical of the location they were collected from, but if tricked, by playing calls of the appropriate male while another type of male is present, they will in fact mate, and these matings produce fertile offspring.
- Are these crickets a single species, or a species complex? Is there an isolation mechanism? Explain?
- Go online and research. Give at least two examples of species complexes composed of morphologically similar microspecies or cryptic species.
3. A population of humans, isolated for centuries on an island in the Indian Ocean, exhibits the following phenotypes for pigmentation.
This form of albinism is caused by being homozygous recessive at a single locus.
- Assuming the population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, calculate the expected frequency of normal and albino alleles. How many individuals would you expect to be heterozygous?
- Go online and research. List three historically isolated populations of humans with unusually high frequencies of a phenotype which is uncommon elsewhere. Explain why this might be the case, for each example.
4. Green swordtails are sexually dimorphic: males have a long, swordlike projection from their tails, and females have rounded tails.
An experimenter decides to perform a female choice experiment. He isolates unmated females with a choice of two mails, each from one of four groups of males.
1) Unmodified control males
2) A second group of males with tails cut off, and re-glued.
3) Males with shortened tails.
4) Males with lengthened tails.
- Imagine the researcher got the following data.
- Why might this be the case?
- Go online and research. List three studies of sexual selection, the organism, and their conclusions.
Chosen by female # vs group, for each trial. Trials were replicated 20 times
Trial Who the Female Chose
Group 1 vs. Group 2 Group 1- 10 Group 2- 10
Group 1 vs. Group 3 Group 1- 18 Group 3- 2
Group 1 vs. Group 4 Group 1- 6 Group 4- 14
Group 2 vs. Group 3 Group 2- 16 Group 3- 4
Group 2 vs. Group 4 Group 2- 6 Group 4- 14
Group 3 vs. Group 4 Group 3- 0 Group 4- 20
What might this data indicate, in terms of sexual selection?
5. Go to the following link and read the paper.
Write a two paragraph summary of what you learned from reading it.
James Joyce’s, Write a paper(3 pages), writing homework help Writing Assignment Help
For the paper, you may write on Joyce’s Araby
Consider any of the following statements/questions as possible paper topics. You may use any of them. In your paper, please include some source material [textual evidence]. Consider the discussions, the themes , issues about all of these characters, symbolic imagery [food, disease], plot issues, atmosphere, and tone.
- James Joyce’s Araby touches on a great number of themes: Coming of age, the loss of innocence, the life of the mind versus poverty (both physical and intellectual), the dangers of idealization, the Catholic Church’s influence, asceticism [where desire and sensuality are seen as immoral], the pain that often comes when one encounters love in reality instead of its elevated form. Select one or more of these themes and show how Joyce represented the theme[s].
- Araby involves a character who embarks on a journey, the end result of which is fruitless, and ends with the character going back to where he came from. Discuss the journey itself and its significance in the story. This is, after all, a ”quest” narrative, and the quest, it appears is for love itself.
The paper is 3 pages, typed, double space. Good luck!
Putting Sugary Soda Out Of Reach, Biology Article help Science Assignment Help
Select an article from a magazine or newspaper that has something in it that pertains to biology. This will serve as the “target article” for this assignment. For instance, you can select an article about medicine, invasive species, nature, conservation, genetic technology, ecology, or any other topic that is related to biology. One purpose of this assignment is to help you become aware of how biology is related to your everyday life.
Write a one to three (1-3) page paper in which you:
- Summarize the article in one (1) or more paragraphs, using your own words. Be sure to identify the article using an in-text citation in the body of the paper, as well as a reference in the reference section.
- Explain how the article relates to this course. Identify which biological concepts from the course and / or text are relevant to the topic covered in the article. Citing the course text, discuss the ways in which this course does (or doesn’t) provide background information to help you understand the article and the larger issues surrounding it.
- Explain why the article caught your attention. Relate the article to your life and to issues that are important to you. Discuss how or if the scientific knowledge about the topic covered in the article affects you directly or indirectly.
- Discuss your opinion on how research on this topic should be funded. State whether you think taxpayer monies should support research on this topic or whether such research in this area should be funded by the private sector. Rate the importance of research on this topic, relative to other areas of research.
In addition to the target article, you should use at least one additional resource, such as your textbook or another article. You must have a reference section which contains an APA reference to your chosen article and all other sources. Additionally, you must provide in-text citations (in APA format) to your references in the body of the text. Integrate all sources into your paper using proper techniques of quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing, along with your in-text citations.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
- Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
- Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
- Use technology and information resources to research issues in biology.
- Write clearly and concisely about biology using proper writing mechanics.
Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills.
The core method of anthropology is ethnography, writing homework help Science Assignment Help
Extra credit questions
Pick from one up to.You will get a maximum of 2 points per question.No more than 8 points total.Answer each question fully.Any answer less than 2 pages, 12 point, Times New Roman, 1 inch margins (no half a page of name, class, assignment) will not be graded. Upload to Extra Credit in My Assignments by 10 December at the latest.
- The core method of anthropology is ethnography.It requires participant observation, the use of symbols, finding a key informant, thick description, and conversations with natives.Using Spradley Ethnography and Culture, Next door but Invisible, and Growing up Hunting, describe in detail how the method works.Contrast Next Door but Invisible and Growing Up Hunting in terms of the guiding (why) and subsidiary (who, what, and how) questions asked, the techniques used, and the potential results.
- As anthropologists we are trying to get at the cognitive maps of people in different cultures.Using Shakespeare in the Bush, Space Speaks, Wears Jump Suits…, and A Look Behind the Veil describe what is essential in the cognitive maps described in each.Give an example from each article, showing one aspect of how their/our cognition shapes the way we actually behave.
- Corporate culture analysis starts with the idea that businesses are cultural, because like cultures in general they need to solve problems, evolve different cognitive maps, sets of social relationships, etc.Describe, using How and why Corporations are Cultures, some of the cultural characteristics of businesses.Give an example of cultural ideologies.Explain why this method should help you even in dealing with foreign business culture, using Using Skills for Cooperative Advantage in Japan.
- Anthropologists are interested not only in the cognitive map, but the behaviors that derive from it.Using Life Without Chiefs, When Brothers Share a Wife show how the requirements of societies shape the way we practice marriage, and organize our societies to accomplish ends.How does this organization of relationships affect tribal societies? In a pluralistic state like ours, using Gross, Ethnicity and How we got the Color of our Skin, how do we define and rank people according to their differences.Give examples.
- As I said in question 4, behavior is as critical to explain other cultures as the cognitive maps that generate behavior.Survival and providing people in a culture what they need to survive and what the culture tells them in addition they should want (luxuries and other markers of status or group affiliation). Using Subsistence Strategies and the Organization of Social Life describe how the different kinds of production of food required different kinds of organization.What does modern American food getting (i.e. livelihood) create in terms of structure? How do we value the things we produce and use them to establish our social place?Does money change the nature of social relationships in a tribal society (Rambo, From Shells to Money)? How does money affect our relations with one another in structuring American Society?
- One of the deepest sources of our view of the world (cognition) is religion. Using Religion, Meanings, Values, and Social Action define religion.What needs does it fill for individuals? Explain how each religion’s Big Question defines the nature of the divine (God, Allah, gods, spirits), how it defines both our view of the way the world works and our system of values (ethos)?Why are social movements often based on religious ideas and led by religious practitioners?Why does Geertz define it a cultural system of symbols?How do myths and tales make the ideas of religion, especially tribal shamanistic (Sound of Rushing Water) and early state religion (Persephone and Demeter), real? How do rituals make religious ideas real?
Writing Question Writing Assignment Help
1. Define the Problem that is discussed in “More Testing, More Learning.” What is it and why is it important? What might happen if this problem is not solved? What has been done in the past to solve it, and why did it fail? What information/ideas should the author add to improve this section? (Be specific and detailed.)
2. . Define the Problem that is discussed in “The Use of Landmines.” What is it and why is it important? What might happen if this problem is not solved? What has been done in the past to solve it, and why did it fail? What information/ideas should the author add to improve this section? (Be specific and detailed.)
Writing Question Writing Assignment Help[supanova_question]
Marketing Goals, writing homework help Business Finance Assignment Help
1.Think of using a niche strategy to advance your marketing goals. Give an example of a company (not one in the textbook) currently using a niche strategy. Explain briefly why you are describing niche marketing and not just selection of a target market.
2.Identify at least five instances where a specific marketing tactic employed by an organization (for profit or non-profit) has had an impact on popular culture.
Examples may include such things as an actual product, product icon, promotional campaign, celebrity endorsers, corporate sponsorship, product placement, or others. This impact may be short term (the public temporarily adopting catch-phrases such as Donald Trump’s “You’re fired!” or Budweiser’s “Whaaaaazup!”) or long term (the influence of anti-smoking campaigns in reducing the number of smokers).
Progress Report, business and finance homework help Business Finance Assignment Help
Unit 4 Progress Report
This assignment helps you develop the skills to master the following program outcome:
- Communicate clearly and effectively in a business environment.
Revisit the MBA6900 Course Alignment Map to review how all activities assist you in achieving your overall program outcomes.
This assignment is designed to keep your instructor informed of your capstone progress and provide you an opportunity to receive feedback on your project. For this assignment, complete the following:
Based on the project summary you submitted in Unit 1, and on the progress you have made in the last week, prepare a brief report of the status of your project. Include the following items:
- Introduction: In one paragraph, restate your chosen company and project overview.
- Work completed: Tasks and milestones you have completed to date.
- Work missed: Any work you intended to complete but did not accomplish.
- Work to complete: Tasks and milestones that must be completed next week. Include any corrective action planned for items that were missed or are behind schedule.
- Conclusion: Wrap the report up in a couple of sentences, stating your overall progress and affirming that you are on track or have a plan for catching up.
Project Deliverables – Optional
You may also submit any parts of your project you would like feedback on, such as data analysis or your evidence-based solutions. Your instructor will provide feedback to you based on the Capstone Project and Presentation Scoring Guide to help you develop your final project submission in Unit 6.
If you choose to submit part of your project for review, you must ask the instructor a question about the submission or direct them to a specific area for review; the instructor will not simply review entire drafts, but will focus on areas where you have concerns. You must also still submit the required progress report.
Submit your progress report and any other documents in MS Word. Review the Unit 4 Progress Report Scoring Guide prior to submission to ensure you meet all evaluation criteria.
The Integrative Approach to Psychopathology, assignment help Humanities Assignment Help
To prepare for this week’s Assignment, review the following videos in addition to this week’s assigned Reading:
- Duran, V. M. (2013). Supernatural views- Historic. Retrieved from www.cengage.com/custom/ems/psych/shared/video/player.html?video=suprnatral_vws_hstrc_16360.
- Duran, V. M. (2013). Hippocrates. Retrieved from www.cengage.com/custom/ems/psych/shared/video/player.html?video=hippocrates_16362.
- Duran, V. M. (2013). Concept Check: Integrative Approach. Retrieved from www.cengage.com/custom/ems/psych/shared/video/player.html?video=cncpt_chck_intgratve_apprch_16363.
In the past, a one-cause approach was more accepted to understanding psychopathological behavior. Today, it is more accepted that there are multiple causes that can explain the development of mental illness.
For this Assignment, you will compare and contrast the early ways of thinking about psychological disorders to today’s current view and explain the multi-dimensional model and the major approaches (theorized causes) of mental illness.
- Explain what early thoughts and beliefs existed about what caused mental illness.
- Describe one of the psychological traditions and how it furthered the beliefs about what causes mental illness from that of the early beliefs by the Greeks and from Religions. Select from: Freud’s theory of the unconscious, humanism, or behaviorism.
- Explain the idea of a multi-dimensional approach and how it differs from a single approach to understanding the major causes of mental illness.
- Last, referring directly to the textbook, provide an overview of the major approaches of a multi-dimensional integrated model listed in the textbook. For each major approach, include its central tenant(s) as it relates to the explanation (or cause) of mental illness. The major approaches that provide an explanation or cause for the development of mental illness are biological approach (genetics and neurological factors), psychological approach (cognitive and behavioral factors, including the unconscious), emotions approach, social and cultural approach, and the developmental approach. For example, from the biological approach, an imbalance of neurochemicals is believed to influence (or cause) behavioral changes as well as heritability.
Submitting Your Learning Activity
Using your textbook, complete the Unit 3 Assignment Template. No more than 10% of the work should be direct quotations Complete the document in 2–3 pages, using APA writing style
This is the book that we use for this class so that you can use it for the last part of this assignment which is number 4. Also please make sure you use the Unit 3 Assignment Template that we have to use for it as well. Thank you
Durand, V. M., Barlow, D. H. (01/2012). Essentials of Abnormal Psychology. [VitalSource Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from https://kaplan.vitalsource.com/#/books/97812857082…
Annotated Bibliography/Literature Review about school finance in APA, writing homework help Writing Assignment Help
Annotated Bibliography/Literature Review
- First, you are to select a narrowed sub-topic within the very broad realm of School Finance. Following, are several acceptable sub-topics that students have suggested:
- Next, choose 6 to 8 peer reviewed, research articles and read them carefully.
- Then, create an annotated bibliography using the articles you selected.
- Finally, in paragraph form, write a literature review referencing the article used in the annotated bibliography. However, you may introduce and cite other research in the literature review, if needed.
- The History Student Based Budgeting
- Using Student Based Budgeting in Urban School Districts
- State Budgeting Formulas
- Student Based Budgeting Versus Norm Position Based Budgeting
- Different Types of Budgeting Methods Used By School Districts
Attached you can find an example of the work, but it just show the idea and it has some mistakes in APA and other things.
WHAT IS AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY?
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited (http://guides.library.cornell.edu/annotatedbibliography, 2015)
WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW?
The aim of a literature review is to show your reader (your tutor) that you have read, and have a good grasp of, the main published work concerning a particular topic or question in your field. It is very important to note that your review should not be simply a description of what others have published in the form of a set of summaries, but should take the form of a critical discussion, showing insight and an awareness of differing arguments, theories and approaches. It should be a synthesis and analysis of the relevant published work, linked at all times to your own purpose and rationale (http://library.bcu.ac.uk/learner/writingguides/1.04.htm, 2015).
According to Caulley (1992) of La Trobe University, the literature review should:
• compare and contrast different authors’ views on an issue
• group authors who draw similar conclusions
• criticize aspects of methodology
• note areas in which authors are in disagreement
• highlight exemplary studies
• highlight gaps in research
• show how your study relates to previous studies
• show how your study relates to the literature in general
• conclude by summarizing what the literature says
Scoring rubric for assignment:
5 point Rubric
25 to 21
6 to 8 peer reviewed journal research articles.
Citations and writing in APA style
4 to 5 sentence description of the article (Annotated Bibliography)
Successful synthesis of all articles in 2 to 3 pages. (Literature Review)
No grammatical or spelling errors.
Narrows to a specific area related to school finance.
20 to 16
6 to 8 peer reviewed research articles.
Citations and writing in APA style
4 to 5 sentence description of the article (Annotated Bibliography)
Competent synthesis of all articles in 2 to 3 pages. (Literature Review)
No grammatical or spelling errors.
Narrows to a specific area related to school finance.
15 to 11
Less than 6 peer reviewed research articles.
Problems with citations and writing in APA style
4 to 5 sentence description of the article
Acceptable synthesis of all articles in 2 to 3 pages. (Literature Review)
Minimal grammatical or spelling errors.
Narrows to a specific area related to school finance.
10 to 6
Less than 6 peer reviewed research articles.
Significant problems with citations and writing in APA style
Less than 4 sentence description of the article
Unsuccessful synthesis of all articles in 2 to 3 pages or fewer. (Literature Review)
Significant grammatical or spelling errors.
Broad area related to school finance.
5 to 0
Example of Annotated Bibliography
Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51 (4), 541-554.
The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.
- For those that do not have an APA style manual, please reference: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/