This is a complete written report of your portfolio formation in a Word file. Your historical data and relevant.
This is a complete written report of your portfolio formation in a Word file. Your historical data and relevant derived values in tables can be pasted from your previous calculations in the Excel file. Please provide explanations of all calculations and the justifications in Word format. Also, make sure to paste all underlying Excel formulae that you used for calculations in the Word file.
1. Provide once again the data that you presented in answering part 2 of Professional Assignment 2.
2. Calculate the mean, variance, and the standard deviation of each security’s annual rate of return.
3. Calculate the correlation coefficient between every possible pair of securities’ annual rates of return.
4. Choose percentages of your initial investment that you want to allocate amongst the five (5) securities (weights in the portfolio).
1. Create embedded formulae which generate statistical properties of the portfolio upon insertion of the weights.
2. Observe the mean, the standard deviation, and the CV of the annual rate of return of the portfolio.
5. Find the combination of the weights that minimizes CV of the portfolio.
1. How does the CV of the optimal portfolio compare with the CVs of its constituents?
2. What is the expected rate of return and standard deviation of the rate of return of the portfolio?
6. Choose different values within the range of the standard deviation of the portfolio, and for each chosen value, locate the corresponding point on the efficient frontier by finding the weights that maximize the expected rate of return of the portfolio.
1. Subsequently, construct the efficient frontier of your portfolio.
7. Assume that you initially invested $1,000,000 in the portfolio and that the distribution of the annual rate of return of the portfolio is normal.
1. What is the distribution of the return of the portfolio 20 years after its formation?
2. Provide the graph of the distribution of the return of the portfolio.
Provide your explanations and definitions in detail and be precise. Comment on your findings. Provide references for content when necessary.
role of preventing hypertension
outline The Role of Nutrition in Preventing Hypertension
Thesis: Nutrition is the key to preventing hypertension.
Introduction1. Threshold for hypertension diagnosis
2. Risk Factors as it relates to diet
.Diet Plan1. Foods that increase blood pressureA. High sodium, low fruits, and food with added sugar (Ozemek et al., 2018).
2. Proper diet for high blood pressure management A. Low-fat dairy products, normal sodium intake limits, and whole grains consumption
.B. Consuming fewer salts, sugars, and industrially processed fats that risk personal health(World Health Organization, 2019).
III.Nutritional Role in Etiology
1. GeneticsA. Family History
2. Poor dietA. The role of high sodium in hypertension
3. Physical Activity
IV.Role in Progression 1. Healthy and nutritious food 2. Well-balanced diet should comprise of proteins, vitamins, fiber and minerals, fats, andcarbohydrates.
V.Nutrition in Nursing Assessment1. Evaluation of nutritional status2. Identifying high-risk individuals who require instruction on nutrients for healthier living.
VI.Nutrition in Client Education1. Classes on nutrition help individuals provide information necessary for categorizing facts from the fiction concerning healthy eating habits (Arkansas State University, 2016).
.VII. Conclusion1. High Risk individuals should be identified and provided proper education on prevention of hypertension
2. Establish good diet plan to prevent hypertension
Nurse E-Portfolio for this course, you will be examining and reflecting on the knowledge and skills you have learned about health assessment
What two areas of knowledge have you gained?
What specific health assessment skills are you now able to integrate into your nursing care?
Are there any areas that still remain unclear? What will you do to increase your clarity?
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Discussion Topic 3
This is a complete written report of your portfolio formation in a Word file. Your historical data and relevant Topic 3 DQ 1
What levels of evidence are present in relation to research and practice, and why it is important regardless of the method you use?
Topic 3 DQ 2
What factors must be assessed when critically appraising quantitative studies (e.g., validity, reliability, and applicability)? Which is the most important? Why?
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Naguib Mahfouz’s ARABIAN NIGHTS and DAYS (157-178, 194-228)
Intro to discussion question: As we come to the close of our journey of reading (and this does not mean “closure”!), have you been able to identify any thematic concerns, any issues or topics that seem to be explored throughout the different narrative sections? If so, then what are these? We have already discussed the basic premiss of Mahfouz’s Arabian Nights and Days, and its relationship with the earlier Arabian Nights (also known as The Thousand and One Nights), but what is this second narrative, written in the 1990s, really about? What is the significance and meaning of all these stories, and all these characters? Do you find that there is a concern – some sort of thematic concern — that seems to link, or weave through all these narrative sections, stories, and characters?
THE DISCUSSION QUESTION:
JUSTICE and INJUSTICE. How important is justice and injustice throughout Mahfouz’s narrative? Which sections, which stories and which characters are dealing with matters relating to justice and injustice? How important is this for Mahfouz’s narrative as a whole?
Write a paragraph 8-10 sentences minimum. Make sure to address all the questions asked below in the paragraph.
Read Naguib Mahfouz’s ARABIAN NIGHTS and DAYS (157-178, 194-228) and use the Introductory notes attached below.
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Hello, I have attached the prompt for this reflective narrative essay. I have also copy pasted below what and how the teacher wants us to write it. I basically want you to write that at the beginning I found the course difficult but as I did more classes, I learned and enjoyed more the class.I also want you to say thatt I took it because it’s a mandatory GenEd, but that it will help me through college when writing papers. etc.
Any questions please let me know.
This is what the teacher wrote…
“For your last essay, you will tell the story of how you experienced this class over the course of the semester. You will reflect on how your perspective has evolved and how the lessons from this class will apply as you continue through college. This will be the one time in which your personal experience takes center stage in your writing for this class, so emphasize developing authorial voice that most distinguishes you as an individual! Be witty, use symbolism, give vivid descriptions of sensations you felt as you wrestled with new ideas from this class! I want you to get creative and make this an enjoyable way to finish our time together.”
Final Report-Rubric Final Report-Rubric Evaluation Dimensions-Grading Criteria Poor Good Excellent 1 2
Evaluation Dimensions-Grading Criteria
Quality of Work
One or none of the required components of the introduction is/are included
Information presented is minimal and/or not relevant
Some of the required components of the introduction are included
Information presented is somehow relevant
All of the required components of the introduction are included.
Information presented is relevant, clear, and persuasive
Few tasks carried out are highlighted with no focus on one major task
Most questions pertaining to personal growth/self-discovery, skills learned, accomplishments, etc. are not answered
Methods used are not elaborated
Results are not shown, analyzed, or discussed
Some of the different tasks carried out are highlighted with focus on one major task
Most questions pertaining to personal growth/self-discovery, skills learned, accomplishments, etc. are clearly answered
Methods used are not well-elaborated
Results are partially shown, analyzed, and discussed
All tasks carried out are highlighted with focus on one major task
All questions pertaining to personal growth/self-discovery, skills learned, accomplishments, etc. are clearly answered
Methods used are elaborated
Results are clearly shown, analyzed, and discussed
One or none of the required components of the conclusion is/are included
Information presented is minimal and/or not relevant
Some of the required components of the conclusion are included
Information presented is somewhat relevant
All of the required components of the conclusion are included.
Information presented is relevant, clear, and persuasive
Organization and Structure
Poor organization and structure
Structure is not easy to follow, info presented need improvement
Structure is clear and easy to follow, info presented in a logical order
Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling
Report contains numerous grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors, language lacks clarity
Report contains few grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors, language is not very clear
Rules for grammar usage and punctuation are respected, spelling is correct, language is clear and persuasive
Report does not follow designated guidelines and lacks many elements including cover page, table of content, references, appendix, and acknowledgements
Report follows most guidelines
Report follows guidelines
Faculty Supervisor’s Feedback:
Total Grade: ______________ out of 30
ETHICAL ISSUES IN MARKETING 2 Running Head: ETHICAL ISSUES IN MARKETING 1
ETHICAL ISSUES IN MARKETING 2
Running Head: ETHICAL ISSUES IN MARKETING 1
ETHICAL ISSUES ARISING IN MARKETING
The focus of ethical marketing is on ensuring that marketing strategies employed by companies do not only benefit customers but also environmental and social causes in society. Companies need to ensure that their marketing strategies confer a range of benefits on socially responsible causes and to environmental wellbeing (Lialiuk et al., 2019). However, many companies across the world continue to engage in unethical marketing that gives less or no regard to social and environmental wellbeing. Consumers across the world are rising to demand products that meet their needs as well as address some of their cultural, social, and environmental needs (Lee & Jin, 2019). The research aimed at establishing the place of companies in promoting ethical marketing practices and the role played by society in driving desired ethical practices. The research also examined the role of scholars and academia in driving the relevant change needed in society with regard to ethical marketing.
The research utilized qualitative research techniques to collect and analyze information on ethical marketing and the role that can be played by relevant actors such as companies, consumers, and the government. Interviews and questionnaires were the main data collection methods where participants responded to a list of pertinent questions about the Coca-Cola company and Starbucks. The participants responded to a list of open-ended and closed-ended questions, which provided insight into their attitudes towards ethical marketing practices (Allan, 2020). The interviews and questionnaires were a crucial source of primary data, with library research playing a significant role in providing secondary data. Library research was crucial in the research process because it provided peer-reviewed information that had been previously researched and documented.
The data collected was analyzed using content analysis, narrative analysis, and thematic analysis, which revealed significant crucial information on the topic of study. The analysis of the collected data focused on identifying some of the most occurring thoughts or themes in order to provide an overview of how participants feel about ethical marketing by Coca-Cola and Starbucks companies (Afolayan & Oniyinde, 2019). From the 50 participants who took part in the study, 40 believed that ethical marketing strategies were crucial to the success of a company as they influenced their purchasing decisions. Most of the participants admitted that their expectations were met when they first tried the Coca-Cola and Starbucks products and that this influenced their future decisions when marketing. This illustrates that consumers are mindful of the marketing strategies used by companies and expect the company to deliver products and services as advertised (Lee & Jin, 2019). It would be considered unethical for a company to raise the expectations of the consumers in purchasing a product and ending up failing to meet expectations when they try them out. Failure to meet the expectations of the consumers can adversely affect the organization because they are unlikely to continue using the products.
It is imperative for companies to engage in ethical marketing practices that ensure companies meet the needs of the consumers while at the same time protecting their cultural, environmental, and social wellbeing. Transparency is an imperative aspect to any organization because consumers need to be aware of practices that an organization engages in and how they promote their wellbeing and that of their environment and culture (Lialiuk et al., 2019). It is also recommended that organizations should be practical in the promises they make about their products and services instead of exaggerating and risking losing their consumers when the products do not meet expectations. Excellent quality ought to be each organization’s goal so that consumers are satisfied by the quality of services or products offered.
Afolayan, M. S., & Oniyinde, O. A. (2019). Interviews and Questionnaires as Legal Research Instruments. JL Pol’y & Globalization, 83, 51.
Allan, G. (2020). Qualitative research. In Handbook for research students in the social sciences (pp. 177-189). Routledge.
Lee, & Jin. (2019). The Role of Ethical Marketing Issues in Consumer-Brand Relationship. Sustainability, 11(23), 6536. MDPI AG. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su11236536
Lialiuk, A., Kolosok, A., Skoruk, O., Hromko, L., & Hrytsiuk, N. (2019). Consumer packaging as a tool for social and ethical marketing. Innovative Marketing, 15(1), 76-88.[supanova_question]
2 Introduction: In this paper, we are discussing negative effects of fraudulent
In this paper, we are discussing negative effects of fraudulent behavior and solutions that might help organization avoid involving themselves in such unethical practices. Fraud is an intentional act, a person, or an organization may do for their own personal gain. For example, falsification of data like billing for activities that did not happen and getting paid for them is a fraud, and unethical. This kind of unethical behavior reduces cooperation and hurts the performance of employees in the organization. People involving themselves in fraud also damage relationships, erode trust, and make it difficult to influence others.
According to Hersen and Miller, (1992), they say that fraud is not something new, that it was in existence for a long time. Even though it was in existence, we can let not it continue amongst us. Avoiding such an unethical act can only happen through leaders with great integrity, leaders who are honest, transparent, and trustworthy to the core.
Plante Thomas said that the only way to set and maintain a policy in the organization is through honesty. (Plante,2015). Leaders should lead by example and their employees will do as their leaders do.
The purpose of this paper is to lay out how unprofessional leadership and unethical practices can play a bigger role in fraudulent behavior, and the paper will also highlight how employees with positive ethical behavior may fight back to avoid such fraudulent behavior from happening in their workplace.
The most common fraudulent activities are financial statements i.e., overstating earnings or assets. Healthcare-insurance-banking, i.e., filling for an unnecessary bankruptcy, or filling for a claim that never happen. Consumer fraud, that is, fraudulent phone calls and emails. Asset misappropriation, i.e., fake billing schemes. Theft of intellectual property and trade secrets, i.e., Coca-Cola recipe and WD-40 formula. In our analysis, we will discuss some of the 7 factors that may influence leaders and employees to get involved in fraudulent behavior in the organization. Some of those 7 factors are below.
Pressure. – Avoid Failure. – Individual gain.
Maintain current positions. – Loss recovery. – Dissatisfied employees.
Being under pressure in one key factor leading to committing fraud in the most organization. An example of this is Wells Fargo employees who felt pressured by their leaders to meet unrealistic sales goals leading to the creation of fake accounts and forcing customers into services they did not ask for. Even though Wells Fargo paid a lot of money in fines and lost most of their customers, they also lost their credibility and reputation. A good organization needs a good reputation, they also need to be credible to be trusted.
Fearing to fail can also lead to fraud, an example of Wells Fargo, their employees did not want to fail. Employees ended in unethical behavior. Employees at Wells Fargo ended up getting extrinsic rewards for what they did not deserve. They got bonuses from their employer for making tremendous sales and creating over 1 million accounts, which was all fake. That was an example of unethical and unprofessional leadership. Their expectations were so high that employees could not keep up with.
Personal gain may also lead to fraudulent behavior especially if the employees are handling cash in a daily basis, this can be very tempting, employees may falsify account books for personal gain. Just like “Hwang Woo-Suk: South Korean scientist who talks of fabrication of data that occurred in South Korea. Where human stem cells had been extracted from cloned embryos.” (Craine, 2019). At the long run, it may not be worth it. It only taints organization character. It may take years before the truth comes out, but eventually a whistle-blower will emerge.
“Fake it till you made it” are the leader who doesn’t want to be demoted for failing to deliver in their current managerial position. They may try hard to achieve their goals and if they cannot reach their set goals then they will try get involved in fraudulent activities to maintain their position. This idea may occur due to shame; most people believe that ones they are a leader then they should always be a leader. It does not work like that. Demotion and promotion exist in every organization.
With emerging of technology in the 21st century, many manufacturers spend years developing a machinery only to find out that it did not meet their expectation, despite the company acknowledging all these, they still go ahead to put their products in the market anyway, with the hope that customers will return them for refunds so that company can claim for a failed product development. All these result to fraud, false documentation, and to knowingly claiming for something that we are not supposed to claim for in-form of a loss that of failed launch. “Fraudster at Harvard, Karen Ruggiero, a psychologist who resigned after fabricated data on gender and discrimination.” (Murray, 2021) is another good example of data falsification for personal gain and fame. She lost her integrity and left Harvard after 4 years of service.
Employees are likely to commit fraud if they feel that they are not well appreciated. In a relationship, they say that treat your wife as a queen, and she will treat you as a king, and vise versa. They also say that every good thing we do goes around, and every bad thing we do, comes back to hunts us. If an organization treats their employees unfairly, employees will not find ways to appreciate themselves and that may make an organization run at a loss year in, year out.
Most non-profit organization depends on funding, their commitment to their organization will determine what kind of funding they will get at the beginning of their physical year. an example of how funding work is as follows; if an organization receives funding for US$10,000 form their donors, they are required keep every record on how they are spending that money, at the end of their physical year, they are required to report how they spend the money. They are required to pay back any unused funds for transparency purposes. For this reason, fraudulent behavior may kick in. Any unused funds will determine how they will get in their next funding. If they pay US$ 2,000 as unused funds, there is 99% chanced that their next funding will be less US$ 2,000. To avoid all these completions, an organization may falsely account record to show that they utilized all the money they received.
To effectively prevent fraudulent activities in the organization, the following has to be done.
Integrity. – Core ideology. – Accountability and transparency.
Unannounced audits. – Promoting the good. – Emotional Intelligence.
Avoiding fraud is possible if there is strong leadership in the organization who abide with their code of conduct. Integrity and impartiality play a major role in leadership if well practiced. A leader needs to protect any business or organization they work in as their own, they should be honest and be a good example to other employees. Leadership should teach their employees to be mandated reporters and empower every employee to report any misuse of funds or property without being retaliated upon. “Marc Hauser, a Harvard University psychologist, lost his credibility when also fabricated and falsified data and made false statements about experimental methods in six federally funded studies. He resigned three-year later after internal investigation found him solely responsible for eight instances of scientific research misconduct.” (Carpenter, 2012). His research could not be trusted anymore.
Core ideology of the organization should be well understood by everyone in the organization. Leadership and employees focusing solely on an organization’s future, if everyone works together as a team by encouraging one another and watching their friends back, then fraudulent behavior may fade and disappear with time. Leaders should encourage free speech to enable employees and speak freely and report any suspicious activity with or without any proof to their seniority for investigation.
Accountability and transparency can go a long way in controlling or avoiding fraud. All transaction should be audited with internal and external auditors to ensure that each billing and all transaction reflect exactly what occurred. For this to be more effective, unannounced or announce audits should be done, most often to make sure all finances are being channeled as it was intended to be in the budget. Auding may sound intimidating, but it is a safer may to avoid temptation from people who may be planning to commit fraud.
The Associated of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) conducted a study and found out that employees who are practice positive ethical behavior can stand up and hold their leaders accountable for engaging in fraudulent behavior. On the other hand, employees who have unethical behavior are likely to be influence with their employee’s fraudulent behavior. The solution to this would be held everyone accountable to the fullest degree the law allows. Serious changes are likely to occur when 3 or more people are held accountable. Holding people accountable will send a signal to everyone think of engaging in fraudulent behavior to think twice before misusing company funds or propertied.
Promoting the good is a solution that can be done by both leaders and employees who has interests in their organization. if every employee really loves their place of work, they will not allow a few people to ruin their reputation. Everybody should feel as a part of the organization by doing their part however little it may be. Any staff fueling company vehicle should only do that, stopping fraud should start with them not fueling their personal cars too. If they can avoid such small things and get used to it, they will learn to avoid other tempting ones.
Employees are the backbone for every organization and every employee need to be appreciated for their hard work. If employees do not feel appreciated, they may engage in activities that are not ethical, like falsifying documentation to either hurt the Organization or to get something from it. It is like billing department who feel that they are not appreciated enough. They write off a debt of one of their customers in accounting books and continue to follow it up on personal level without the company knowledge. Every organization should take it as their responsibility to appreciate their employees for all they do. Appreciation does not have be in form of money, a simple acknowledgement is by saying “thank you” for a job well done is make employees feel happy. Southwest airlines are doing great by their profit sharing. They share millions of dollars with their employees for their hard work. Imagine what would have happened if they did not appreciate their employees. I think that what Southwest airline is doing is a good example of honesty and transparency to their employees. It is also a good example to telling their employees that, “thank you for all you.”
Finally, the good knowledge of emotional intelligence will be helpful in avoiding fraud. Employees will be able to avoid at all costs hurting the organization by not engaging in fraudulent behavior, employees can put themselves in organization shoes and weight the consequences of such behavior. A business may end up being shut down if they cannot operate anymore due excessive misuse of funds.
Inclusion, I think a good leader can work together with employees to make sure no fraudulent behavior occurs in the workplace, if everyone practices acceptable ethical behavior, then a workplace will be a safer environment to work in. Stroebe, W., Postmes, T. & Spears explains that catching a thief is not that easy but has time goes by a whistle-blower will come up from somewhere (Stroebe et al., 2012).
Craine, A.G., (2019), Hwang Woo-Suk: South Korean scientist.
Hersen, M. & Miller, D.J. (1992), Future directions: a modest proposal
Stroebe, W., Postmes, T. & Spears, R., 2012, ‘Scientific misconduct and the myth of self-correction in science’, Perspectives on Psychological Science 7(6)
Carpenter, S., 2012, ‘Harvard psychology researcher committed fraud, U.S. investigation concludes’, Science, 6 September. Available at https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2012/09/harvard-psychology-researcher-committed-fraud-us-investigation-concludes (accessed 29 June 2020). [Google Scholar]
Murray, B., 2002, ‘Research fraud needn’t happen at all’, Monitor on Psychology,
Plante, T. (2015). Six ways to create a culture of ethics in any organization. Retrieved from the Psychology Today website: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/do-the-right-thing/201507/six-ways-create-culture-ethics-in-any-organization
Ojo 2 Purity Ojo, Prof. Bent Russell ENG-112-A4, JUL/25/2021 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
Prof. Bent Russell
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire and Rana Plaza Collapse Historical Tragedies,
The manufacturing industry has faced many tragedies. The causes of these disasters are ignorance of the government and the company owners on the safety of workers. The effects of such events are tragic, loss of lives, injuries, and loss of property. The Triangle Shirtwaist fire and Rana Plaza’s historical tragedies are examples of disasters caused by company owners and government ignorance. The tragedies led to the loss of many lives and many injury casualties. For instance, the Rana Plaza collapse led to the death of 1,134 people and over 2000 workers as injury casualties (Bossavie et al. 4). The leading cause of the collapse is attributed to the construction using inferior materials and corrupt government officials who did not do their work. The fire at Triangle Shirtwaist killed 146 workers in the building, and hundreds of people ended up as injury casualties (“History.com Editors” np). The owners of the factory receive the blame for not putting fire precautions in place. Before the fire, the risks of fires in the factory were high, but no measures were put in place to mitigate the risks. The goal of every company is to make a profit. Still, whether the companies should disregard and ignore workers’ safety in pursuit of profits has become a point of debate since the Rana Plaza collapse in Bangladesh and the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory.
Causes and Effects of Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
On 25 Mar. 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist company burned down, with over a hundred people losing their lives. The Triangle fire at shirtwaist is one of the most tragic events in American history. The fire was fatal, and its effects led to the loss of many lives. The fire took place in the Shirtwaist factory that dealt with the manufacture of clothing. Many employees in the factory were women; most of them died from the fire, and those who tried to escape ended up jumping into death. The locked doors in the Triangle Shirtwaist factory prevented the workers in the building from running (“History.com Editors” np). The factory lacked fire exit points and equipment to put off the fire. The tragedy exposed the poor and unsafe working conditions of many workers in the factory. The young immigrant women employed in Triangle Shirtwaist company worked in cramped spaces at sewing machine lines. Most of the workers were young teenage girls who worked for long hours daily.
The building had four elevators, but only one was in operation; this forced workers to pile over the corridors waiting to use the elevator. In addition, the building had two stairways to the outside, with only one working. The other stairway was locked from inside to prevent workers from stealing. The fire exit was so narrow that it would have taken hours for everyone to escape, even under normal circumstances. (“History.com Editors” np). Triangle factory had a history of fires but was not serious; for instance, it was scorched twice in 1902, but Blanc and Harris took no precautions to prevent future tragedy. Although the risk of fire outbreak at the Triangle Shirtwaist was high because of flammable materials, the company’s goal to improve profits prevented the factory from putting necessary measures in place to mitigate the fire outbreak risks. In addition, Harris and Blanc were notorious for putting up with policies that went against the safety of workers. In 1909, the International Ladies garment union held a strike to protest the low salaries. Blanc and Harris’ company did not accept; instead, they hired goons to beat up the workers and bribed the police to throw the striking workers to prison.
On the day of the fire, six hundred workers were present at the factory when the fire started. The company’s manager immediately tried to extinguish the fire, but the fire extinguished poor condition could not save the situation. The extinguisher had rusted, and its valve had blocked because of the rust. The Triangle Shirtwaist water buckets were a standard precaution for fire outbreaks, but the buckets were empty when the fire began. As the fire spread, the workers in the building panicked and fled (“History.com Editors” np). Escaping through the elevator was not efficient; the elevator’s carrying capacity was twelve people only. The fire had become rampant, and the flames were too much. Because of desperation to escape the fire, the girls who were still waiting for the elevator plunged down the shaft and died because the elevator broke down after only four rounds.
Moreover, the girls who tried to escape using the stairs met a closed-door downstairs, and they burned to death. Some women did not make it to the elevator neither the stairs, they were trapped in the building, and they began jumping through the windows to go outside. Those who jumped through the windows fall on the fire extinguishers’ hosepipes, which derailed the firefighters from putting off the fire (“History.com Editors” np). In addition, the fire broke on the eighth floor, and the fire extinguisher’s ladders could only reach the seventh floor. Despite the company conditions that lead to the fire, the New York City government received part of the blame for not ensuring safety at manufacturing companies. There was no known agency mandated to deal with workers’ safety in New York. In addition, there were no regulations to fight the fire and no modern firefighting equipment.
The immigrants came to the United States searching for better lives, but instead, they found themselves in places like the Triangle Shirtwaist and Rana Plaza, where they had to work for long hours with little pay (“History.com Editors” np). On certain occasions, the workers had to supply their tools to work with, for example, needles, threads, or even their sewing machines. The working conditions were so poor that the workers could not access bathrooms. In Triangle Shirtwaist, locked doors kept the workers from going outside since this could slow down the production process.
Causes and Effects of Rana Plaza Collapse
About seventy-five percent of exports come from Bangladesh’s ready-made garments sector. Bangladesh garments sector employs over four million workers, most of whom are women. Rana Plaza building collapsed on 24 Apr. 2013 just outside Dhaka (Land and Zakaria 9). Rana plaza contained five garment-making companies; hence, most people were garment workers (Bossavie et al. 4). During the Rana Plaza collapse, fires in factories, especially garment factories, occurred at least twice a week. The collapse led to the loss of many lives; it took weeks to recover all the dead bodies from the tragedy. Brigadier-General Siddiqul Alam is the Bangladesh army officer who oversaw the recovery operation. The cause of the fire is believed to be the scalp bin on the 8th floor. The fire alarm was set off at 4.45 pm after one person saw smoke coming from the floor. It is believed that the leading cause of the fire might be a matchstick, or a cigarette placed in the fire’s bin setting. The bin had two months of cuttings, thus led to an enormous accelerant for the fire. The fire was a massive accident since the factory had banned cigarettes, but some employees were believed to sneak a cigarette every day. Although this is the most accepted case, some aspects still suggest that an engine fire was the leading cause of the fire. A great deal of loss was experienced because of the enormous problems found in the building.
A lack of alarm was also the primary effect that was found in the company. Having no alarm to warn the people on the tenth floor also led to huge effects. Many articles all gave different perspectives of what led to the massive loss in the factory fire. “The first thing you need to know is many workers faced dangerous conditions, and fire is the greatest threat. Panorama has discovered, there have been at least 50 fires in the last 10 months.” (“Dying for a Bargain – Video – Films on Demand”). Another critical aspect that led to the vast loss was that the foreperson holding the key to the stairway had escaped, leaving very few places to escape. The factory also held a lot of employees, and this contributed to the significant deaths. As the fire broke out, the few available exits could not ensure the evacuation of all the employees as the fire continued.
An eight-story tower building full of workers in different factories, some making clothes for export, collapsed. In the tragedy, 1,134 people died, and the number of injury casualties was over two times the number of people who died. Rana building collapse is the worst industrial tragedy ever recorded in Bangladesh history (Bossavie et al. 5). The Rana building tragedy is like a fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory in New York City. The fire tragedy killed 146 garment workers, most of whom were women and young girls who were immigrants. The main reason for the Rana Plaza collapse is using substandard materials during the construction. After the building collapsed, the city investigated the causes of the collapse (Land and Zakaria 12). According to the investigation, the mayor of the town wrongly approved the construction of the building. In addition, the owner broke crucial construction codes. Sohel Rana owned the Rana Plaza building. Sohel constructed the upper floors as factories with thousands of workers and heavy power generators that shook the building heaving when in operation. One day before the building collapsed, an engineer came to check on the status of the building; it had large cracks, and the inspector declared the building unsafe.
However, Sohel Rana and other factory owners ignored the inspector’s order and told the workers to show up for work the following day. The next day, the generator’s vibrations in the factory caused the building to collapse. Sohel Rana, together with other thirty-seven people, got arrested and charged with murder. In addition, three people got arrested as accomplices for helping Sohel Rana flee (Bossavie et al. 5). The Rana Plaza collapse is not the first tragedy in garment factories; the high number of deaths and casualties from this disaster caught the world’s attention. The destruction of Rana Plaza brought about more significant attention to the unsafe working conditions of many workers in garment factories.
In addition, the collapse brought to attention concerns of how responsible American and European companies employ labor in low wage markets around the world, for example, Bangladesh. These companies drive down manufacturing costs to reduce the prices paid by the consumers for the products (Bossavie et al. 7). Bangladesh has got more than five thousand garment manufacturing companies that manufacture top brands of clothes sold worldwide. Ironically, garment workers in Bangladesh receive the lowest salaries in the world. Companies in the Rana Plaza faced significant pressure to help the victims of the collapse. The companies donated money for relief purposes, but activist groups still lacked satisfaction in the actions. It makes sense for the activists to demand more; after all, no money could compensate for the number of lives lost during the collapse.
Impacts of Triangle Fire and Rana Plaza Collapse
Nevertheless, despite the dreadful consequences of the two tragedies, the Triangle Shirtwaist fire and the Rana Plaza collapse led to significant impacts. “When that fire broke out, Katie told me that she was actually with Rosie and then lost her in the smoke and I don’t know whether this is so emotional for me it is extraordinary to me how emotional it is” (“Triangle: Remembering the Fire – Video – Films on Demand”). For instance, the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist company helped organize labor and political reforms. The workers union organized a peaceful demonstration on New York’s Fifth Avenue to protest the conditions that led to the fire outbreak (“History.com Editors” np). Despite the convincing evidence available in court, the jury acquitted the owners and manager at the Triangle Shirtwaist company for murder charges against them. The management settled the lawsuits with the help of the insurance company by paying monetary compensation to the deceased and the injured families. The massacre compelled the city to put in place reforms. Fire prevention law passed, and New York Democratic stood up for workers’ rights. It became known as a reform party. The fire brought attention to the nation to deplorable working conditions faced by workers in the companies daily.
The government received part of the Triangle Shirtwaist fire, forcing it to step up efforts to ensure workers’ safety. New York City government legislated a law that created a factory investigating commission mandated to investigate the working conditions of workers at different companies. The commission investigated all garment manufacturing and other working conditions (“History.com Editors” np). The laws enacted brought change to fire safety precautions in companies, safety building codes, and workers’ safety improved. In addition, the fire helped to implement labor unions and unite reform-minded politicians. Generally, the Triangle fire convinced the world that governments are responsible for ensuring a safe environment for workers.
Similarly, the Rana Plaza collapse had its impacts. “Hundreds of people killed, making clothes for Western high streets.” (“Dying for a Bargain – Video – Films on Demand”). The destruction created both local and international attention on the working conditions in the garment manufacturing industry and other companies (Bossavie et al. 7). Reforms to ensure fair treatment of employees include increasing minimum wages and timely auditing to examine the working conditions of employees at companies. The reforms put in place improved the working conditions of workers in many companies improved (Hasan Et al., pp 195). However, as the wages increased and the working conditions improved, job security decreased. Several solutions were included in the aspects of workers after the fire included factors such as protection for all American workers. Workplace safety was ensured in the companies, and changes were implemented to ensure that these aspects had been met. The country included unique acts, such as the social security act to ensure worker safety. Solutions were also provided in the element of firefighters. Factory inspection also became a common thing in the company after the factory fire. These solutions ensured that such an incident would not happen again.
In conclusion, many companies conflict with improving employee’s working conditions and profit-making goals. Should they concentrate on profit-making goals or increase workers’ safety and working conditions? The primary purpose of any manufacturing company is to make a profit; however, it is the ethical role of the companies to provide workers with an excellent working environment and safety. The Rana Plaza collapse is a perfect example of the effects of focusing on profits alone while ignoring safety for the workers. In addition, the company tried to reduce its costs by using substandard materials in construction (Bossavie et al. 7). The building was built against the construction code because the owner was interested in reducing the costs and realized huge profits. Despite the owners getting a warning on the condition of the building, they still told workers to come for work the following day. The owners of the factories wanted huge profits at the expense of their worker’s safety. The fire at Triangle Shirtwaist factory started in the rag bin because of unextinguished cigarette or matchstick presence; the management failed to take necessary precautions in case of fire outbreaks (“History.com Editors” np). As much as companies need to pursue their profit-making goals, workers’ safety should also be a priority. Both tragedies led to many reforms in the garment manufacturing sector. Last, the safety of workers is a collective responsibility of both workers, the companies, and the government.
“Dying for a Bargain – Video – Films on Demand.” Noblenet.org, 2013, fod-infobase-com.proxy16.noblenet.org/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=60453&tScript=0.
“Triangle: Remembering the Fire – Video – Films on Demand.” Noblenet.org, 2016, fod-infobase-com.proxy16.noblenet.org/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=115038&tScript=0.
Bossavie, Laurent, et al. “The Effects of International Scrutiny on Manufacturing Workers: Evidence from the Rana Plaza Collapse in Bangladesh.” 2019, doi:10.1596/1813-9450-9065.
Hasan, Md Morshadul, Appel Mahmud, and Md Samiul Islam. “Deadly incidents in Bangladeshi apparel industry and illustrating the causes and effects of these incidents.” Journal of Finance and Accounting 5.5 (2017): 193-199.
History.com Editors. “Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire.” History.com, A&E Television Network, 2 Dec. 2009, www.history.com/topics/early 20th-century-us/triangle-shirtwaist-fireland Anna and Rimi Zakaria. “Rana Plaza Collapse, Its Aftermath, and Future Implications for Sustainability.” 2019, doi:10.4135/9781526479679.[supanova_question]
Major Formal Writing Assignment 3: Final Research Paper Purpose: To synthesize the
Major Formal Writing Assignment 3: Final Research Paper
To synthesize the research you’ve done in order to create a cohesive paper that thoroughly investigates your topic, provides an answer (or answers) to your research question, and addresses the “So what?” and “Who cares?” of your topic, all while constructively contributing to the scholastic conversation happening about your topic.
Your chosen community (i.e., the audience who would be interested in and/or benefit from your research)
Academic research paper
Here we are, the final stage of the research-writing process: writing the actual research paper! As the culmination of the various steps you’ve completed over the past several weeks, your paper should represent a sophisticated synthesis of your research and your own ideas on your topic; in other words, your paper should demonstrate that you not only have a good understanding of the overarching conversation about your topic, but also that you have something important to contribute to this conversation. Your paper should also offer an answer (or, potentially, answers) to your specific research question, as well as address the “So what?” and “Who cares?” of your undertakings.
Before you submit your final paper, the field research you started during Week 4 needs to be completed and your findings incorporated into your work. If possible, I strongly recommend conducting most of your field research before the first draft of your research paper is due on Thursday, 7/29. Evidence of your field research (such as notes from an interview or results from your electronic survey) MUST be submitted along with your final research paper.
Your research paper will be formatted and cited in either MLA or APA style (depending on the style you chose for your Annotated Bibliography). Do not use first-person (e.g., “I” and “me”) or second-person (e.g., “you” and “your”) pronouns. Maintain an objective and scholarly tone by using third-person pronouns only.
1750 to 2000 words
MLA or APA format:
Times New Roman 12 pt. font
Headers will differ depending on the citation style you choose to use
Location of your name, professor’s name, class, and date will vary depending on the citation style you choose to use
Properly formatted in-text citations and Works Cited page OR References page depending on the citation style you choose to use
First draft (of at least 1000 words) due for peer review on Peer Review #3: Final Research Paper by Thursday, 7/29 at 11:59 p.m.
After submitting your own draft, you will review at least two of your peers’ drafts; these reviews are due by Friday, 7/30 at 11:59 p.m.
Your Final Research Paper is due by 11:59 p.m. on Wednesday, 8/4 (see below for submission guidelines)
Upload your draft to the correct dropbox in the Assignments folder on Falcon Online. Your file should be in either .doc, .docx, or .rtf format.
Turnitin, which is enabled in Falcon Online, will automatically generate an originality report. Originality reports higher than 20% may result in a reduced or complete loss of credit for the submission.
Because this project is due the last week of the course, no late submissions will be accepted!
Have you provided sufficient, relevant, and unbiased background information on your topic? = 25 pts.
Have you successfully integrated and synthesized at least six but no more than ten sources into your paper, and are one of these sources from the Library database? = 30 pts.
Does your research paper fully address your specific research question and ultimately offer an answer (or, if applicable, answers) to your research question? = 30 pts.
Is the field research you’ve conducted appropriate to your topic and research question, and do you use your findings/results to further the scholastic conversation about your topic? = 40 pts.
Have you offered a compelling “Who cares?”, successfully addressing who would be interested in, benefit from, and/or care about your research? = 25 pts.
Have you offered a compelling “So what?”, identifying the significance and/or implications of your research? = 25 pts.
Are your citations correctly and consistently formatted in either MLA or APA style? = 30 pts.
Is your research paper correctly formatted in either MLA or APA style? = 25 pts.
Is your research paper at least 1750 but no more than 2000 words? = 10 pts.
Is your writing clear and error-free? = 10 pts.[supanova_question]
Asian American Film and Video- B Shroff– Prompt for Final Essay- –
Asian American Film and Video- B Shroff– Prompt for Final Essay-
– FINAL ESSAY DUE on THURSDAY July 29 on CANVAS BY 11:59pm, SHARP.
6-7 pages in 12 p font, double spaced
6 pages minimum and 7 pages max (if you are on a roll ?)
Citations are required for the film and the reading.
SELECT ONLY ONE QUESTION:
Bring in BRIEF, RELEVANT Quotations from the articles attached to the films.
1. The film, Saving Face, according to Jennifer Cheng is about norms of respectability– i.e.: saving face in the community. “This unfinished moment of “people will think…” and Gao’s denial of Wil’s sexuality underscores the value Gao places on appearances and her concerns about how others will perceive her daughter (and therefore her and her entire family) …” (Cheng, 5).
Discuss how despite gossip (informal conversations that reinforce gender norms), Wil, and her mother Hwei Lan must challenge narrowly defined gender norms such as the good daughter, and the good mother to find their happiness.
Citation: Cheng, Jennifer. “You talk to your Mother About Us?”: Queerness, Gossip and Chinese American Respectability Politics in Saving Face.” The Foundationalist, 3:1, 2019, 1-14.
2.The film, The Fall of the I-Hotel gives the viewer a glance into the history of early Filipino immigration to the U.S. and provides present lives of elderly Filipinos. Eve Oishi, in her article “I-Hotel”, points out that poet and community activist, “[Al] Robles interviews Frankie, one of the residents, who keeps a photo album, of the women he has known in his travels…” Robles’ narration explains that laws preventing immigration of Asian Women combined with anti-miscegenation laws prevented family life for a whole generation of Asian Americans” (Oishi 139).
With examples of scenes or statements from the film, discuss some of the struggles that Filipino men confronted in the past and what the I-Hotel means to them today. Bring in relevant quotes from Oishi’s article this article will be sent in pdf on Canvas.
3. In her article, “Home is where the Han Is: a Korean American Perspective on the Los Angeles Upheavals”, Elaine Kim discusses the events of Sa-i-gu /April 29, 1992. Kim writes that for the Korean American immigrant community, “…the initiation into becoming American, … requires that Korean Americans take on the country’s legacy of five centuries of racial violence and inequality, of divide and rule, of privilege for the rich and oppression of the poor. Within this legacy, they have been assigned a place on the frontlines” (Kim, 220)
With the above statement in mind, discuss the experiences and comments of the women in the film, Sa-i-gu — their expectations about America and their feelings of betrayal. Bring in relevant quotes from the film and from Elaine Kim’s essay, “Home Is Where the Han Is.”
4. Commenting on the role of memory in Lise Yasui’s film, A Family Gathering, Cassandra Van Buren writes about Yasui’s journey to recover memories about her grandfather and reinstate his dignity: “…she now understands the pain associated with the war years. Not only do those years bring back memories of theft…complete upheaval, incarceration, and destruction of their family unit” (Van Buren, 14). With specific examples, discuss the portrait of grandfather Masuo that Lise Yasui reconstructs through interviews with family members. Bring in quotes from Cassandra Van Buren’s article: “Family Gathering: Release from Emotional Internment” to support your discussion of the film.
5. Quoting Michael Salzman on Native Americans and trauma, Jennifer McMahon makes this comment: “Rather than continue to celebrate the American cowboy, The Rider sheds light on the potentially adverse impact of cowboy/rodeo culture due to its glamorization of high-risk activities, and the way it may exert a coercive appeal on individuals who lack alternative means of social recognition and income (Salzman).”
With this statement in mind, give specific examples to discuss how Chloé Zhao represents Brady’s dilemma about his life as a rider. How does Zhao delicately connect Brady’s dilemma to issues of masculinity? For example, how does Brady see himself as a father figure to Lily, a best buddy to Lane, as a skillful horse trainer etc.? Bring in quotes from Jennifer McMahon’s essay, “Cowboy, ‘Indian’, Rider: Deconstructing Dichotomous Stereotypes in The Rider.”
The assignment is an essay.
Start your essay directly offering the reader a strong argument, i.e.: what do you intend to discuss in your response—this should be in the first paragraph of your essay.
The overall development of your argument, content and organization of the essay are very important.
Give the essay a Title. Number your pages.
RELEVANT, BRIEF QUOTE(S), from Readings are REQUIRED
-Proofread your essay for spellings.
**Write your Citations for film and reading– REQUIRED
Bring in BRIEF, ONLY Brief RELEVANT Quotations from the articles attached to the films.[supanova_question]
Student Name: 4: Exceeds the standard 3: Meets the Standard 2: Gaps
4: Exceeds the standard
3: Meets the Standard
2: Gaps in the standard
1: Does not meet the standard
Sentence(s) that directly addresses the prompt: Long Day’s Journey into Night and another work are used.
Compelling and well written statement that expresses an arguable point of view that addresses the prompt and does not announce (uses I/We think/feel)
Clearly addresses the prompt and expresses an arguable point of view that addresses the prompts but may be awkward in the way it is written.
Attempts to address the prompt but announces (In this paper I will discuss/prove) rather than argues. Some significant grammar issues.
Does not address the prompt and/or is missing a clear argument.
Content & Development
Ample Evidence: Quotations, paraphrases, examples & facts support and prove the claim in the topic sentence.
Evidence is sufficient: Quotations, paraphrases, examples, & facts support and prove the claim in the topic sentence.
Missing key evidence: more quotations, paraphrases, summary, examples, & facts are needed.
Evidence is missing overall: support quotations, paraphrases, examples, & facts are not used at all or used rarely.
Quotations & Paraphrases:
Quotations are introduced 1 of 3 ways. Paraphrases reproduce the original idea without using the original language. All are cited correctly.
All quotations are introduced & cited correctly. Paraphrases state the original idea without the original language and are cited correctly.
Most quotations are introduced & cited correctly. Paraphrases mostly are correct and cited.
Few quotations are introduced & cited correctly (dropped quotations). Paraphrases have some errors in language and/or citation.
Dropped Quotations: quotations are not introduced & not cited correctly. Paraphrase are not correctly reworded and/or cited. Quotations & paraphrases may be missing.
Sentence Boundary Issues: Run-Ons, Comma Splices, Fragments
No sentence boundary errors.
Only 1 run-on, comma splice, and/or fragment.
2-4 sentence boundary errors:
run-ons, comma splices, and/or fragments.
5 or more sentence boundary issues: run-ons, comma splices, and/or fragments.
Formal Conventions Are Used: no slang, contractions, “you,” “a lot,” “kids,” ‘thing” and/or “stuff.”
All formal conventions are used.
Most formal conventions are used.
Some formal conventions are used.
Few, if any, formal conventions are used.
MLA Format: The paper is typed in Times New Roman Size 12, is double-spaced, correct page header on first page in the top left and page numbers on the top right, ½ inch. Date is in formal format.
All these MLA formatting conventions are used.
Most of these MLA formatting conventions are used.
One or two of these MLA formatting conventions are used.
None of these MLA formatting conventions are used.
Punctuation: Errors w/ commas, semicolons, colons, quotation marks, apostrophes, and/or ellipses.
Very few errors with punctuation
Some (4-6) errors in punctuation.
Several (7-10) errors in punctuation.
Many (more than 10) errors in punctuation.
Titles: Titles of plays are in italics. Titles of books/novels are in italics. Short story and poem titles are enclosed in quotation marks.
Titles follow all MLA conventions.
Titles follow nearly all the MLA conventions.
Titles follow most of the MLA conventions.
Titles are missing and/or does not adhere to the MLA conventions.
Plagiarism: No outside sources are allowed; no collaboration is allowed. Credit is given.
All sources cited and no plagiarism.
Some errors in citing authors but no plagiarism.
More citation needed; no plagiarism.
Clear signs of plagiarism and/or other forms of cheating.
Psychoanalytic Critical theory concepts & terms.
Literary terms related to the genre studied.
All of the psychoanalytic theory concepts and terms are well explained and used correctly.
Most of the psychoanalytic critical theory concepts and terms are explained and used correctly.
Some of the psychoanalytic critical theory concepts and terms are explained and used correctly.
The psychoanalytic critical theory is not well explained, and terms are not used correctly.
The final letter grade is based upon the overall interrelation of the criteria above
Note: 0 means nothing was turned in at all or that the assignment was plagiarized.[supanova_question]
Psychoanalytic Literary Theory Conflict between id, ego, & superego: Long Day’s Journey
Psychoanalytic Literary Theory
Conflict between id, ego, & superego:
Long Day’s Journey into Night:
Family Dynamics: Oedipal Complex, sibling rivalry, penis envy, castration anxiety
Long Day’s Journey into Night:
Unconscious Patterns from Childhood and/or Romantic Dysfunction
Long Day’s Journey into Night:
Defenses: selective perception & memory, denial, avoidance, blaming, displacement, projection, regression, fear of intimacy
Long Day’s Journey into Night:
This is a complete written report of your portfolio formation in a Word file. Your historical data and relevant