our essay should be no longer than 600 words ( Make sure your essay has an introduction with a

our essay should be no longer than 600 words ( Make sure your essay has an introduction with a. our essay should be no longer than 600 words ( Make sure your essay has an introduction with a.

our essay should be no longer than 600 words ( Make sure your essay has an introduction with a clear thesis or argument, a body that supports the thesis with evidence drawn from the readings ” Part V: 1954–1970 Presidency of Gamal Abd al-Nasir in Egypt” and a conclusion that summarizes your argument.
-Explain Gamal Abd al-Nasir’s ideology. How did it shape his politics, both domestic and international?[supanova_question]

Novel Reading List Choose one of the following novels by American novelists.

Novel Reading List

Choose one of the following novels by American novelists. The final course assignment is to write a literary analysis on one of the novels from the list below.

The Awakening by Kate Chopin—The protagonist, Edna Pontellier, learns to

think of herself as an autonomous human being and rebels against social norms 

The Color Purple by Alice Walker—An epic tale spans forty years in the life of Celie, an African-American woman living in the South who survives incredible abuse and bigotry.

Beloved by Toni Morrison—The work examines the destructive legacy of slavery as it chronicles the life of a black woman named Sethe, from her pre-Civil War days as a slave in Kentucky to her time in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1873. Although Sethe lives there as a free woman, she is held prisoner by memories of the trauma of her life as a slave.

The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins—In what was once North America, the Capitol of Panem maintains its hold on its 12 districts by forcing them each to select a boy and a girl, called Tributes, to compete in a nationally televised event called the Hunger Games. Every citizen must watch as the youths fight to the death until only one remains.

The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner—The story tells of the Compson family including Quentin, Jason, Benjy and Caddy, and addresses themes related to moral, personal, and social demise and religion, especially in its depiction of the castrated, mentally challenged Benjy.

The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger—The novel details two days in the life of 16-year-old Holden Caulfield after he has been expelled from prep school. Confused and disillusioned, Holden searches for truth and rails against the “phoniness” of the adult world.

The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne—In June 1642, in the Puritan town of Boston, a crowd gathers to witness an official punishment. A young woman, Hester Prynne, has been found guilty of adultery and must wear a scarlet “A” on her dress as a sign of shame. Furthermore, she must stand on the scaffold for three hours, exposed to public humiliation.

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Mya Angelou– I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings is a painful, yet inspiring, autobiography about Angelou’s childhood as a black girl in the deep South. Maya is not accustomed to the discrimination of the South, but she soon learns about the deep differences between blacks and whites.

The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane—The Red Badge of Courage is the story of Henry Fleming, a teenager who enlists with the Union Army in the hopes of fulfilling his dreams of glory. Shortly after enlisting, the reality of his decision sets in. He experiences tedious waiting, not immediate glory.

A Lesson Before Dying by Ernest Gaines— Set in the fictional community of Bayonne, Louisiana, in the late 1940s, A Lesson Before Dying tells the story of Jefferson, a twenty-one-year-old uneducated black field worker wrongfully accused and convicted of the robbery and murder of a white man, and sentenced to death by electrocution.

Just As I Am by E. Lynn Harris—Set in a black upper-middle class milieu, this unappealing potboiler attempts to detail the lives and loves of an intersecting group of overachievers with a variety of sexual appetites.

Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison—Invisible Man is the fictional memoir of an unnamed black narrator’s journey to self-discovery. The narrator is not invisible because of a physical ailment or a freak accident; he is invisible because society sees him simply as a “black man”—a label filled with racist expectation.

Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston—Their Eyes Were Watching God is the story of Janie Crawford, whose life is a quest to find true love. Janie narrates the story of her three marriages and her search for love to her friend Phoeby.

The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway—The  Sun Also Rises tells the story of a group of disillusioned expatriates living in post–World War I Europe, searching for meaning as they travel, drink, and engage in romances during a Spanish fiesta.

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee—To Kill a Mockingbird tells the story of the young narrator’s passage from innocence to experience when her father confronts the racist justice system of the rural, Depression-era South.

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald—Set in Jazz Age New York, the novel tells the tragic story of Jay Gatsby, a self-made millionaire, and his pursuit of Daisy Buchanan, a wealthy young woman whom he loved in his youth.

My Antonia by Willa Cather—The novel tells the stories of an orphaned boy from Virginia, Jim Burden, and the elder daughter in a family of Bohemian immigrants, Ántonia Shimerda, who are each brought as children to be pioneers in Nebraska towards the end of the 19th century.

Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton– Ethan lives with his wife Zenobia and her cousin Mattie. Ethan and Mattie once had an emotional affair. Feeling suffocated, they attempted suicide by sledding into a tree, but they survived the accident and now live in misery.[supanova_question]

our essay should be no longer than 600 words ( Make sure your essay has an introduction with a

our essay should be no longer than 600 words ( Make sure your essay has an introduction with a

On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito

On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito. On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito.

On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito and the Emperor Akihito (and their advisors) engaged in a campaign to remake the imperial house to suit the “New Japan” and to keep the throne in tune with the postwar value system. (Make it concise and not redundant)[supanova_question]

Easy work

Student name : ahmed mohamed kuhlani guradi

ID: S180347305
Note: you should Include the screenshot of the program output as a part of your answer. Otherwise, zero marks will be awarded.
No plagiarism, no match please
And use the APA style reference
Use the Times New Roman font (size 12, with double space).
You must give 100/100 correct answers

done
Seen
10 mins ago[supanova_question]

I want new answer – Computer Programming I CS140

On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito my name is SALEHAHMED BIN ABDULLAH ALMUNTASHIRI
ID: 200193141
Note: you should Include the screenshot of the program output as a part of your answer. Otherwise, zero marks will be awarded.
No plagiarism, no match please
And use the APA style reference
Use the Times New Roman font (size 12, with double space).
You must give 100/100 correct answers
[supanova_question]

Art discussion

Many cities have developed ways in which to encourage public art and beautify their cities and streets. Often, utility/electric boxes around town are painted and decorated. At times, the artwork can be breathtaking, or provide some mind opening social commentary. The styles in which many of these boxes are painted and decorated is vast.
Find A Decorated Utility/Electric Box:
Taking some inspiration from Dave Van Patten, take a photo of a decorated utility/electric box from around town that you feel is inspiring. A photo that shows you standing besides it is preferred, but not required. Be sure to also mention where the utility/electric box is located in your thread.
Discussion Questions:
Tell us why you chose this utility/electric box.
What is it about the artwork that made an impression on you?
What do you feel makes it visually effective? Discussing a principle of design or two or anything from the visual toolbox could be helpful.
Tell us your interpretation of the imagery, including the theme you feel is covered.
Avoid going to Google for answers to the questions. Adding a little info from a source is OK, but I really want to hear your very own thoughts.
Your Discussion experience will come in three parts:
Part 1: Taking some inspiration from Dave Van Patten, take a photo of a decorated utility/electric box from around town that you feel is inspiring. A photo that shows you standing besides it is preferred, but not required. Be sure to also mention where the utility/electric box is located in your thread.
Embed the photo to your thread. Avoid using huge file sizes, they may not upload into Canvas.
Part 2: Write a short essay that answers the above questions and provide comments about your own viewing experience. Additions to your thread resulting from any added research is fine. But remember to stay on topic and answer the questions.

done
Seen
5 mins ago[supanova_question]

statistical data problems

the homework is about statistics.. my prof sent data with some issues and asked us to correct it
the next part of the homework is about Excel program
all details are explained in the attachment files
the 1st file ( problem set ) has all the details that you need
the 2nd file is excel file has the issues that must be fixed
the 3rd and 4th files are 2 lectures from the course that might help you solving the homework so check them please ( Data Management and Descriptive Statistics )
if you need more explanation ask me please
thank you
[supanova_question]

Writing Question

While in your last essay, you were analyzing your own experience(s), in this essay you will be analyzing another text. You will select a non-fiction text of your choosing and analyze it according to the rhetorical principles that we discuss in class. Rhetoric is about how a writer attempts to communicate a message to an audience—you will weigh in on how effectively you think the writer whom you choose communicates a message via his/her text. I am using “text” here in the broad sense to include images, websites, speeches, commercials, newspaper articles and more—the key is that you are interested in the text, want to examine it in detail, and figure out how it works. If you choose to analyze a visual text, you should insert images / screen captures of your text throughout the essay (I can show you how to do this). We will spend time in class brainstorming possibilities and discussing which kind of texts might work best (and also not so well) for this assignment.
Requirements:
Strong papers will:
Employ specific rhetorical terms (purpose, audience, genre, stance, kairos, etc.) appropriately.
Make an overall evaluation of the text’s effectiveness (for a particular audience)
Cite specific evidence from the chosen text to support all claims (using MLA format).
Offer insights that move beyond commonsense / obvious interpretations.
Grading Rubric:
We will be using the FYW program assessment criteria as outlined in your syllabus. We’ll talk about these criteria throughout the course.
Steps:
Choose a text that interests you and is a manageable scope for this essay (i.e., a 10-minute long video would be too much to analyze in this case). If you are uncertain whether your text will work well, double check with me before you begin writing.
Familiarize yourself with the rhetorical terminology we’ve discussed in class and decide which rhetorical terms best apply to your text.
Analyze—decide which features of the text are most useful for you to focus on—and then make an argument for what they mean.
Draft—this is likely a new genre of writing for you, so be sure to undertake several revisions of your essay.
Polish—edit and proofread your work. Consider reading it out loud.
Some Brainstorming Questions:
What was the writer’s goal or purpose in creating the text?
What are some of unstated assumptions on which this argument rests?
What was the historical context or kairotic moment in which this text was created and distributed? How do you think the writer adapted his or her message to this kairotic moment?
How does the writer employ particular stylistic techniques (repetition, figurative language, etc.) in order to persuade his or her audience?
[supanova_question]

Western Carolina natural management plan

For this project you will create a hypothetical Natural Resource Management Plan for the WCU campus in Cullowhee. Background information on methods for developing management plans, including a Resource Management Plan template example, will be provided. Examples of actual management plans will also be provided. You should focus efforts on developing three Conservation themes, or issues, with their associated objectives and implementation strategies. You will be choosing two types of natural resources for conservation. For example, one type of resource could be the forest resources on campus. Another resource could be aquatic resources such as wetlands and streams. It is your decision which type of resources to include in the plan, and they do not have be all biological. Make sure you mention western Carolina university throughout the paper.
[supanova_question]

M4 PART 2: Families and Adolescent Development (Guided Notes) Chapter 8 –

M4 PART 2: Families and Adolescent Development (Guided Notes) Chapter 8 – CAS 325B

Bronfenbrenner’s Theory applied to families with adolescents:

5 environmental layers

Example of influence in an adolescent’s life (your own examples)

microsystem

Ex: parent’s divorce may scare the teen from dating

What is reciprocal socialization?

EPIGENETIC VIEW of development:

Family Systems Theory: social system with subsystems

Explain: “the family can be thought of as a constellation of subsystems…” (page 256)

Generation subsystem example:

Gender subsystem example:

Role subsystem example:

Direct and Indirect Effects – from interactions between adolescents and their parents

Maturation

adolescent changes:

parental changes:

Parents as Managers

parental monitoring:

info management:

Parenting Styles (authoritarian, authoritative, neglectful, indulgent)

high responsiveness

low responsiveness

high demandingness

low demandingness

Roles of mothers and fathers in parenting adolescents:

Parent-adolescent conflict:

Describe types of typical conflicts:

High conflict parent-child relationships only occur among small percentage: ___to____%

Adolescent AUTONOMY development:

gender, culture, ethnicity:

transitions:

attachment:

Intergenerational influence:

Sibling roles and birth order:

After studying this content, what impact do you think parenting has on an adolescent’s:

HINT: these are your own thoughts (use depth of thinking)

identity development process:

risk-taking behaviors:

academic performance:[supanova_question]

If I make a claim, then support it with evidence that has

If I make a claim, then support it with evidence that has been exemplified from the person I have read. Especially when I’ve looked at the findings. Contest what was said for my own context.

Making a claim, backing it up from the researcher. Convince the reader of the claim I’m making, make is less anecdotal and more scholarly.

Drawing on previous knowledge from English, working out meaning from new texts.

A key concept is drawing in what you already know to help you.

Bruner (spiralling) and Ellis’ book

Look at the reading list that I’ve been given. In all of the them they have developing literature skills. Use literature to look at what I could have developed.

Macaro, Erla and Waugh (chapter of reading for literacy , check Aîne’s email)

If quoting from article put in quotation marks.

Raise levels of confidence in my learners so that when they encounter new words or vocabulary, they have the reading skills and encourage them to use the skills that will enable them to work out new words and working out the gist and the details.

Look at the claims that I have made and to what extent do those claims ring true with the pupil evidence.

Look at a couple of examples in my appendix and direct the reader

To what extent did they show did they understood cognates.

Skimming and scanning. What did I do in those intervention lesson to improve

Reading for gist, looking at the grammar

Dialogic approach to teaching – bruner

How interactive were the lessons.

To what extent was there collaboration with what happens in English. Look at what is said about English and reading in National Curriculum and where is that reflected in my assignment.

No criticality in the essay.

Use past exam papers for reading ?

After my findings, mention what I’d do in the future.

Critique my own practice. Less description and more analytical.

Make clear my understanding of the word “authentic”[supanova_question]

Running head: GUIDED IMAGERY AND PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION M4.4.Teaching Philosophy Statement Inhui

Running head: GUIDED IMAGERY AND PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION

M4.4.Teaching Philosophy Statement

Inhui Streeter

Department of Psychology, Excelsior College

PSY330: Educational Psychology

July 22, 2021

Teaching Philosophy Statement

I believe in the uniqueness of individuals, and education needs to reflect individual identity. Therefore, I will incorporate various types of student’s intelligence through diverse activities related to academic subjects to increase their interest and intrinsic motivation. Including activities that reflect Gardner’s theory, students will have an equal chance to understand the subject through their talent.

Learning is an individual process through individual constructivism ( Ormrod &Jones, 2018). For this reason, I want to provide a student to teach class occasionally. It gives the chance to share their way of approaching the subject and the opportunity to demonstrate their understanding. I also want to provide various options for the group project. One of the vital functions of the school is to learn socialization. Therefore, I like the student to utilize classroom experience to learn intrapersonal skills and achieve an educational process with classmates.

A teacher’s role is to guide students to set the goal and help students meet the goal by providing the knowledge, feedback, and extrinsic reinforcer. I am aware of the importance of my role in academic accomplishment in students. But, fundamentally, what I want to offer to the student is the mentorship to find the drive in their life. For the mentorship, I want to be the teacher to approach any issues that hinder their growth. Carl Rogers’s unconditional positive regard explains my ideal approach to students. Students strive to understand themselves and behave to benefit themselves and others when they provide caring and support( Ormrod &Jones, 2018). Through regular counseling and an open-door policy, I will continuously communicate with my students and their parents to create weekly and monthly goals and provide feedback on their performance and growth.

In my humanistic approach to students, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a crucial assessment tool for their wellbeing. I am not just a knowledge deliverer. Students are not yet adults, and they are vulnerable. I am their protector and advocate. I need to assess the student’s environment through frequent interaction with parents to see if their basic needs meet the standard. Based on the hierarchy of needs, I need to provide a learning environment where students feel a sense of belonging. In that aspect, I need to teach empathy that plants the seed of acceptance for others. Every morning, in my daughter’s catholic pre-k, the teacher gave each kid a hug saying ” I love you” after finishing the Montessori activity. Then they prayed together to start the class. It was an everyday ritual. After one and a half years later, she grew up so much and became a confident kid with a solid academic drive. Therefore, I want to share a similar experience with my students. I believe a loving, calm, and inclusive environment without discrimination teaches kids empathy. And, it is the environment that kids need to build their self-esteem to step forward for self-actualization. As a teacher, I need to create that environment.

Reference

Ormrod, J.E. & Jones, B. (2018). Essentials of educational psychology: Big ideas to guide effective learning (5th ed.). Pearson[supanova_question]

On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito

On the basis of Kenneth Ruoff’s argument in the book used in this course, discuss how the Emperor Hirohito

All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students

All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students. All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students.

All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students will be expected to demonstrate their ability to identify and discuss themes from the class and make a clear and substantiated argument about how a particular memoirist addresses Jewish life in the modern era. All papers are due on Friday, December 10. Papers should be typed and submitted in OAKS. A bibliography of suggested memoirs is attached, and a sign-up sheet to get approval for your memoir can be found by clicking HERE!

In this paper, explore how the memoir/document you have selected illuminates some facet of modern Jewish life that you would like to reflect on more deeply. Consider how the author(s) address a certain issue/conflict/paradox in their experience as Jews in the modern world at a particular point in time. Develop a thesis that relates to a question or questions about modern Jewish life at one point in time or another. Use the remaining few pages to develop and support your thesis throughout the remainder of your paper.

Things to keep in mind:

Include an introduction and conclusion.
Your first paragraph should include a strong thesis. The remainder of your paper should be devoted to supporting and developing your thesis.
Please avoid wasting valuable space for your argument on summation.
Be cognizant of historical context.
Four pages is a very short paper. Don’t try to cover the entire memoir in this space. Explore and really develop just a couple of main issues.
For the memoir specifically:

This paper is not a summary of the memoir. On the contrary, the objective of this paper is for you to show that you are able to take the knowledge about modern Jewish history that you acquired this semester and use it to write intelligently about a memoir by a Jew living in the modern world.

You can think of this paper as a dialogue between our class (reading and lectures) and your memoir. Presumably your memoirist is telling a story about what it is like to be a Jew in the modern world. Your memoirist will inevitably illuminate some of the themes from the class on a really personal level. At the same time, you can use the knowledge you acquired from our class to help interpret what exactly your memoirist is saying about the modern Jewish experience. Either way, the materials from the class and your memoirist should interact with one another.

There is no need to try and squash an entire semester’s worth of materials into this paper. For example, if you are writing about Mary Antin’s The Promised Land, then talking about the colonial origins of American Jewry, mercantilist theory, or Hasidism would not be appropriate. It is appropriate, however, to talk about how Antin experienced the dislocation from her former life in Eastern Europe, her acculturation to life in the United States, and ultimately what the United States represented to a young Jewish immigrant woman.

For example, think about an incident/issue discussed in your memoir. Devote no more than a couple of sentences to recounting the story and your individual’s role in it. What is the argument this individual makes about an incident? How was it dealt with? What was at stake? What motivated the key actors to act the way they did? What can this tell us about modern Jewish history more generally?

Keep in mind that memoirs are a historical document themselves, a product of the time and place in which they were written. I encourage you to think critically about the narrative your author presents and be cognizant of alternative ways of interpreting history. Your goal is to complicate the story your memoirist tells. Then think about how this tells us something about the history of Jews in the modern world.[supanova_question]

ROCKET COMPANIES -TARGET MARKET 2 Running head: ROCKET COMPANIES: TARGET MARKET 1

ROCKET COMPANIES -TARGET MARKET 2

Running head: ROCKET COMPANIES: TARGET MARKET 1

Rocket Companies: Target Market

Daniel Bird

MKT 315

Dr. Drew Stevens

Rocket Companies: Target Market

Objectives Analysis

The digital design of Rocket Companies aims at providing flawless solutions to mortgage and financial technology beyond U.S. borders. Therefore, to continue with its stand-out qualities in financial services and improve its reach, maintaining its customer satisfaction scores should be a vital objective of the organization. Satisfaction among customers primarily originates from the efficiency and feasibility of consumer services. In the financial sector, perceived usefulness created by the ease to use, transact, or access service might improve customer satisfaction. Moreover, additional services such as financial advice also improve satisfaction levels (Ghani et al., 2017). Rocket Companies has been ranked the highest in customer satisfaction from 2014 to 2020 in primary mortgage servicing (Rocket Companies, 2020). However, the company is not among the top three service providers renowned for offering financial advice. Maintaining high customer satisfaction through frequent financial advice should be at the core of Rocket Companies.

A customer is a foremost priority, and delivering satisfaction should be the primary aim of Rocket Companies. The role of financial advice in improving customer satisfaction has been supported by credible evidence. According to J.D. Power 2021, “overall customer satisfaction increases 229 points (on a 1,000-point scale) when customers are offered advice/guidance that completely meets their needs.” Similarly, only a few customers pass a financial literacy test, depicting their need for financial advice. Therefore, given the company’s philosophy of “Every Client. Every Time. No Exceptions. No Excuses” (Rocket Companies, 2020), they are deemed to invest in financial advice. The approach would assist in strengthening its reputation in mortgage servicing and everything financial. Ideally, to grow in new markets from the U.S. to Canada and other global parts, Rocket Companies desire satisfied customers that can leave positive reviews and refer other customers to the positive experiences they received.

High performance and customer satisfaction are vital. Similarly, employee wellbeing should be a major objective in business finance. Fair handling of employees is the bridge to grant improved productivity and raising customer satisfaction. Happy employees are often ready to serve and stick to one company for the longest possible periods. Currently, Rocket Companies has been among “FORTUNE magazine’s 100 Best Companies to Work For” for 18 years (Rocket Companies, 2020). What if they topped the list for the stated 18 years? An inevitable result is a huge chance of growth and expansion into new markets. Party of the company’s strategic focus is also ingrained in the ISM that states, “a penny saved is a penny” (Rocket Companies, 2020). To fully implement such a philosophy, top employee performance is desirable to improve skills, strengthen innovation and develop incoming talents.

Product and Brand Positioning Strategy

Multiple companies are already finding their ways into homeownership and financial services. However, from 1985, Rocket Companies have revolutionized the mortgage industry through exemplary services to clients. Fast, simple, and trusted services have made it easy for the company to be an industry leader in the sector. Apart from $ 1 trillion in home loans, 90% of customers would recommend Rocket Companies for their unique performance. The reputation in primary mortgage origination and servicing are also undisputed (Rocket Companies, 2020). However, the threat of new entrants and existing mortgage providers and servicers depicts the need to change the brand positioning strategy. The company is currently an industry leader in mortgage origination and servicing. However, it has paid limited attention to financial advice. Therefore, a new brand positioning strategy should involve the incorporation of financial advising in mortgage servicing.

Financial advice is a critical service that Rocket Companies would need to dominate in its target consumer’s mind. Clients would not only need to think of mortgage servicing but also the financial advice they obtain during the process. Rocket Mortgage should establish itself as a brand that services mortgages and also addresses the clients’ needs for financial advice. “Just 49% of retail bank customers are classified as financially healthy, while 11% fall into the overextended category. Another 13% are classified as stressed and 27% as vulnerable” (J.D. Power, 2021). Such a vast population in need of financial advice is an opportunity to establish a competitive brand position. Moreover, customers might find the brand appealing as advising is a critical part of mortgage servicing. Rocket Companies is obsessed with clients (Farner, 2020), and part of that obsession should be offering a combination of mortgage service and financial advice.

An integration of mortgage servicing with financial advice has high customer relevancy at Rocket Companies. Part of the company’s philosophy is figuring out along the way while chasing a new target. According to its ISMS, the company states that “we don’t need to have all the answers before we take on a project or launch a new and innovative idea. We’ll figure it out along the way” (Rocket Companies, 2020). Jay Farner, the company’s CEO, also admitted in an open letter that they love complex markets and possess a qualified team that makes the complex market simple (Farner, 2020). While other companies have not executed the integration of mortgage servicing with financial advice, Rocket Companies would rely on its potential complexity as an opportunity to meet its clients’ needs.

Differential Advantage

The proposed brand positioning strategy is not only attainable but also unique in the industry. Most companies have focused on assisting their clients through mortgage servicing and primary origination. However, no company has considered integrating financial advice as part of its mortgage servicing. For example, “Bank of America ranks highest in customer satisfaction with retail banking advice with a score of 673. Citibank (640) ranks second” (J.D. Power, 2021). These companies are only ranked based on retail banking advice. The guidance or advice that clients receive from their primary banks is barely related to mortgage needs. Therefore, offering financial advice during mortgage servicing would ensure that Rocket Companies provides unique services that other companies in the industry have not considered. Given its dominance in mortgage advising from 2014 to 2020 (Rocket Companies, 2020), the company would be offering a prototypical service that meets all consumer needs.

Rocket Companies is likely to offer an efficiency that other companies have not presented in the mortgage industry. Clients seek financial advice from a personal advisor and mainly banks before asking for mortgage servicing. Others also inquire about homeownership with little or no financial advice. For example, “just 19% of retail bank customers say they are very interested in receiving it, and 33% say they are not at all interested in receiving advice or guidance from their bank” (J.D. Power, 2021). Instead of customers seeking financial advice from banks or getting into homeownership with mere financial understanding, Rocket Companies would be offering a collective package involving mortgage service and financial guidance. An inevitable result is revolutionizing the mortgage industry with a new strategy that meets all client needs.

References

Farner, J. (2020, July 7). Rocket Companies, Inc. | Form S-1 US SEC Filing. Retrieved from https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1805284/000104746920004008/a2241988zs-1.htm

Ghani, M. A., Rahi, S., Yasin, N. M., & Alnaser, F. M. (2017). Adoption of Internet banking: Extending the role of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with e-customer service and customer satisfaction. World Applied Sciences Journal, 35(9), 1918-1929. doi:10.5829/idosi.wasj.2017.1918.1929

J.D. Power. (2021, June 24). Financial advice: A service few retail bank customers ask for—But many love, J.D. Power finds. Retrieved from https://www.jdpower.com/business/press-releases/2021-us-retail-banking-advice-satisfaction-study

Rocket Companies. (2020, November 9). About rocket companies. Retrieved from https://www.rocketcompanies.com/who-we-are/about-us/[supanova_question]

4 Questios

All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students After reading the Ecoquest case posted on Canvas/Files/Exam Study Guides, answer the following questions.
Your answers should be 2-4 pages (for all questions), double-spaced, and 12-point Times New Roman. Clearly number each question in your answer.
Provide a definition for organizational culture and explain its different layers. How would you describe the organizational culture of Ecoquest? Provide multiple examples and evidence for different layers of Ecoquest’s organizational culture (25 points).
What do you see as the major strengths and weaknesses of the three candidates? Be specific. Which leadership style does each candidate seem to exhibit among the different leadership styles we learned in class? Support your assessment with evidence from the case (25 points).
Which candidate would you recommend as the new CEO of Ecoquest? What is your rationale for this choice based on the kind of leadership style Ecoquest needs now (25 points)?
What organizational changes should be made to ensure that your recommended CEO candidate is successful? What should the new CEO do to maintain OR change Ecoquest’s organizational culture (25 points)?
[supanova_question]

? ?DESERT RUN POEMS AND STORIES MITSUYE YAMADA KITCHER TABLE: Women of

?

?DESERT RUN

POEMS AND STORIES

MITSUYE YAMADA

KITCHER TABLE: Women of Color Press

DESERT RUN

?

I.

I return to the desert where criminals

were abandoned to wander away to their deaths where scorpions

spiders snakes lizards and rats

live in outcast harmony where the sculptor’s wreck was reclaimed

by the gentle drifting sands.

We approach the dunes while the insistent flies bother our ears

the sound of crunching gravel under our shoes cracks the desolate stillness and opens our way.

Everything is done in silence here: the wind fingers fluted stripes over mounds and mounds of sand the swinging grasses sweep patterns on the slopes

the sidewinder passes out of sight.

I was too young to hear silence before.

II.

I spent 547 sulking days here in my own dreams

there was not much to marvel at I thought

only miles of sagebrush and lifeless sand.

I watched the most beautiful

sunsets in the world and saw nothing forty years ago

I wrote my will here

my fingers moved slowly in the

hot sand the texture of whole wheat flour three words: I died here

the winds filed them away.

I am back to claim my body my carcass lies

between the spiny branches of two creosote bushes

it looks strangely like a small calf left to graze and die

half of its bones are gone after all these years

but no matter I am satisfied

I take a dry stick and give myself a ritual burial.

III.

Like the bull snakes brought into this desert by the soldiers we were transported here

to drive away rattlers in your nightmares

we were part of so me one’s plan

to spirit away spies

in your peripheral vision.

My skin turned pink brown in the bright desert light

I slithered in the matching sand doing what you put me here to do we were predators at your service I put your mind at ease.

I am that odd creature the female bull snake

I flick my tongue in your face

an image trapped in your mirror.

You will use me or

you will honor me in a shrine to keep me pure.

2 3

IV.

At night the outerstella r darkneess above is only an arm’s length wa ay

I am pressed by the silence around me t h e s tars are bold as big as quarters against the velvet blue sky

t h eir beams search for the marrow of my bones

I shiver as I stumble my way to the outhouse.

In the morning we find kangaroo rats

have built mounds of messy homes out of dry sticks and leavings behind our wagon

They have accepted our alien presecnce. The night creatures keep a discrete distance.

V.

The desert is the lungs of the word.

This land of sudden lizards and nappy ants is only useful when not used

We must leave before we feel we can change it.

4

When we leave the dirt roads my body is thankful for the paved ride the rest of the way home.

Row s of yucca trees with spiked crowns

wave stiffly a t us

Some watch us arms akimbo.

I cannot stay in the desert where you will have me nor will I be brought back in a cage to grace your need for exotica.

I write these words at night for I am still a night creature

but I will not keep a discreet distance

If you must fit me to your needs I will die

and so will you.

I

t

t!]

;c,J

5[supanova_question]

Bio 105 Mitosis/Meiosis Lab ~ Cell Division Lab Questions Name 1. What

Bio 105 Mitosis/Meiosis Lab ~ Cell Division Lab Questions

Name

1. What is the name of your Lecture Instructor?

2. Drawings of all stages of cell mitosis, beginning with interphase.

3. Explain what is different in the process of plant cell cytokinesis.

Include a drawing or picture and explain what occurs.

4. The first slide below shows the stages in Sea Star development. For the second slide, make a list of the different types of stages of Sea Star that you observe. You do not need to name each cell in the slide.

Stages in Sea Star Development

D

5. Look at the onion root tip cells pictured below. Identify the following stages of cell division (mitosis) for the cells numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 7. Use the terms listed below to label the cells.

Interphase Anaphase

Prophase Telophase

Metaphase Cytokinesis ~ Cell Plate Formation

6. A. What is the percentage of cells in Interphase in the slide above? (Shown in Question #4 above.)

(Hint: part over whole x 100 = percent) or (part / whole x 100 = percent)

To help you complete question number 6, look at the onion root tip cells pictured in the question below. You need to identify the following stages of cell division (mitosis) for the cells numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 before you begin. There are 18 total cells. So, the number of different types that you determine will be

divided by 18 then X 100.

Number Stage

1

2

3

4

7

B. Use the chart below to determine which stage of mitosis has the lowest number of cells.

8. What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?[supanova_question]

English Question

Discussion/Response #5: Jazz7676 unread replies.7676 replies.
Choose one of the pieces from this unit’s listening.
Pick one that stands out to you and briefly (1-2 sentences) explain why this particular piece “caught your ear.”
What are the piece’s unique characteristics? BE SPECIFIC and use your textbook as your reference! This should be the main part of your mini-essay. This is not opinion – these are facts that you have researched.
Cite your sources (Links to an external site.) – including your textbook. Points deducted for not citing references. You may use MLA format. (Links to an external site.)
Response should be one-two paragraphs. Use full sentences, no abbreviations, and check your spelling for full credit.
The Enjoyment of Music: Essential Listening Edition, 2nd ed. by Kristine Forney, et al.

done
Seen
5 mins ago[supanova_question]

healthcare question

Please answer the question by looking at the PowerPoint that was uploaded. also, you can use external sources but make sure need to be under the same lectures name that was uploaded for you. (power points may help you a lot to get the points you need to solve the question). (it may need 3-5 pages to answer the question). (they are 12 chapter powepoints will send to you all after accepting the bid).
Question: You have studied changes in the health care environment in the past thirty years. What trends do you foresee in the next ten years? Keep in mind that even the “experts” can’t predict the future. Specifically, list four major trends or changes in health care. Use the information that you have learned in this course to present logical arguments to support your ideas. Two or three paragraphs on each trend should be sufficient to express your ideas. Please cover a variety of areas in health care.
[supanova_question]

Humanities Question

For our second critical analysis paper, The format and page requirements– 6 pages, double-spaced, size 12 font.
The Industrial Revolution is thought to have improved the material standard of living for most people in Britain (by lowering the cost of basic staples like food and clothing) when compared to pre-industrial Britain when most people worked in agriculture and made the majority of the products they used themselves often at great cost in terms of time and labor.
In lowering the cost of basic products through more efficient mass production, the Industrial Revolution also created a life for workers both inside and outside the mills and factories that Orwell describes in his book as miserable.
Given the tradeoffs inherent in industrial production, take a position where you argue either for or against (or for a some balance between the two) economic development that raises material standard of living (by lowering cost of living) but does so through work that some find dehumanizing.
[supanova_question]

All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students

All students will write a 1,000-1,500 word final paper analyzing a memoir of their choice. In the paper, students

You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached

You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached. You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached.

You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached webpage for MLA formatting requirements. Pay close attention to citations; you will use at least one and you need to be sure it’s cited correctly. Remember, rephrasing someone else’s work is still plagiarism. You need to cite it.

Content Requirements:

Two paragraphs on the history and context of the speech.
What prompted the person to speak on this issue?
What is the issue?
Once paragraph discussing the audience of the speech.
Where was it delivered and who were they talking to?
What’s important about this particular audience?
One paragraph describing the style of the speech.
Is it demanding? An appeal?
Look at the “20 Techniques of Persuasive Language” board in my room. See any techniques your speaker used?
One paragraph on the effectiveness of the speech. Try to give the historical reception of the speech. This paragraph should also serve as a conclusion to your paper.
Did it start or end a war?
Did it spark protests?
Did people even like it?
You may give your opinion as well.[supanova_question]

School Login: https://student.uagc.edu/secure/student/StuPortal.aspx Un: cabrow8219 PW: Ashford1 Assignment One Instructions: For this

School Login: https://student.uagc.edu/secure/student/StuPortal.aspx

Un: cabrow8219

PW: Ashford1

Assignment One

Instructions:

For this discussion post, you will use the knowledge you have gained about personality, the career specific reports you have created in the previous weeks’ discussions, and assessments associated with various fields of psychology you have studied to help you to choose and develop a cover letter for a job in the human services sector. To begin, determine what type of job within the human services sector related to personality psychology is of interest to you. Using career websites, including those listed on the Job Search (Links to an external site.) section of the Career Resources at the University of Arizona Global Campus website, and/or other third-party search engines such as the American Psychological Association’s PsycCareers (Links to an external site.) website, Monster.com  (Links to an external site.), Indeed.com  (Links to an external site.), and SimplyHired.com (Links to an external site.). Once you have found a suitable job posting, carefully review the requirements and note these for inclusion in your cover letter. Before you begin designing your cover letter, review the required readings, videos, and websites to help you determine how best to formulate it. Within the letter, you will address the person or title of the person that is listed as the contact for the job in the job posting. As you draft your cover letter, consider the elements within the job post and use your knowledge of personality theory to make yourself appear to be the best candidate for the job. Assess the various types of personality measurements that might be most effective in the position listed and mention how you might use these on the job. Once you have developed your letter, save it as a document and attach it to your discussion post. In the discussion post itself, copy and paste the link to the job posting for which you wrote your cover letter. Describe your experience(s) writing the cover letter including the ways in which you may have attempted to manipulate the reader to get the best response. Analyze and describe any ethical issues that could be associated with this process.

Resources:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/career-transitions/201104/writing-the-dreaded-cover-letter

Assignment Two

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, please read the required Churchill and Mruk (2014), Hayes (2012), and Waterman (2013) articles, and review the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct  (Links to an external site.) and Chapters 14 through 17 in your textbook.

For this discussion, you will choose a person who has an important presence in popular media today. This person might be a political, business, human rights, education, or entertainment figure. Examine the major theoretical approaches studied in the class so far (psychodynamic, behavioral, learning, trait and type, and humanistic). Briefly describe your chosen figure’s personality from the point of view of each of these five approaches. Evaluate and describe any cultural considerations which may affect the personality assessment within each of the given approaches. Analyze the ethical implications of basing your personality assessment on the information available through the popular media. Select the theoretical approach you think best describes the person and elaborate on his or her personality using this approach. 

Resources

American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 amendments (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx

This document outlines a series of ethical standards, guidelines, and aspirational goals to guide psychologists.
Accessibility Statement (Links to an external site.)
Privacy Policy (Links to an external site.)

Brooks, K. (2011). Writing the dreaded cover letter  (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/career-transitions/201104/writing-the-dreaded-cover-letter

The author of this online article provides some great insight and information about writing cover letters in psychology fields.
Accessibility Statement does not exist.
Privacy Policy does not exist.

Churchill, S. D., & Mruk, C. J. (2014). Practicing what we preach in humanistic and positive psychology. American Psychologist, 69(1), 90-92. doi:10.1037/a0034868

The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the EBSCOhost database in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library. The authors of this article discuss some of the issues presented in the article by Waterman (2013). The article focuses on the commonly understood epistemological boundary between the disciplines of humanistic and positive psychology.
Accessibility Statement (Links to an external site.)
Privacy Policy (Links to an external site.)

Hayes, S. C. (2012). Humanistic psychology and contextual behavioral perspectives. Psychotherapy, 49(4), 455-460. doi:10.1037/a0027396

The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the EBSCOhost database in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library. The author of this article examines the relationship between the humanistic and behavioral perspectives, which have often been described as opposing theories.
Accessibility Statement (Links to an external site.)
Privacy Policy (Links to an external site.)

Waterman, A. S. (2013). The humanistic psychology–positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations. American Psychologist, 68(3), 124-133. doi:10.1037/a0032168

The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the EBSCOhost database in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library. The author examines the relationshi[supanova_question]

Dissertation Marking Matrix Criteria/Scale Weak/poor G3 to E1 Fail Pass D3 to

You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached Dissertation Marking Matrix

Criteria/Scale

Weak/poor

G3 to E1

Fail

Pass

D3 to D1

Third

Good

C3 to C1

Lower second

Very good

B3 to B1

Upper second

Excellent

A5 to A1

First

Abstract (5%)

Weak description of

the dissertation with

no/ little reference to

the aim, objectives,

nature, findings etc

Weak description of

the dissertation with

little/ some reference

to the aim,

objectives, nature,

findings etc

A reasonable

description of the

dissertation with

some reference to

the aim, objectives,

nature, findings etc

A good description

of the dissertation

that covers the aim,

objectives, nature,

findings etc

An excellent

description of the

dissertation that

covers the aim,

objectives, nature,

findings etc

Introductory chapter

(10%)

Few key sections

covered. Very weak

introduction / aim /

objectives / research

method etc

Most key sections

covered. Weak

introduction / aim /

objectives / research

method etc

Most key sections

covered.

Reasonable

introduction / aim /

objectives / research method etc

All key sections

covered. Good

introduction / aim /

objectives / research

method etc

All key sections

covered. Excellent

introduction / aim /

objectives / research

method etc

Literature review

(25%)

Brief LR with some

links to research aim

that uses few

sources /

LR has little

relevance to research aim

Descriptive LR with

links to research aim

that relies on few

sources / largely

based on textbooks

Descriptive LR

linked to research

aim that uses a

reasonable number

of academic journal

sources

Comprehensive LR

that describes and

discusses previous

work with some

critical analysis.

Good links to research aim

Excellent LR

demonstrating good

critical analysis of

the literature. Strong

links to research aim

Research methodology

(15%)

Inappropriate

research methodology;

no / little explanation

or justification

Weak description of

appropriate research

methodology; no/ little

explanation as to

why they were

selected

Reasonable

description of

research methodology;

some explanation as

to why they were

selected

Good description of

research methodology;

good explanation as

to why they were

selected

Excellent description

of research

methodology; excellent

explanation as to

why they were

selected

Analysis and

discussion of research findings (25%)

Little or

inappropriate description/ analysis of findings

Weak description /

analysis of findings with no/ little links to the LR

Reasonable

description/ analysis of findings with some links to the LR

Good description/

analysis of findings with good links to the LR

Excellent analysis

and discussion of findings that is well linked to LR

Conclusions and

recommendations

(10%)

Not linked/ very little

linkage to

Dissertation

Some linkage to

dissertation but

tends to be précis of

the dissertation

Reasonable

conclusions and

recommendations

linked to previous

sections

Good conclusions

and

recommendations

with good links to

previous sections;

some consideration

of study limitations

Excellent

conclusions and

Recommendations

well linked to earlier

sections;

consideration of

limitations / validity /

reliability etc

References (5%)

No / little Harvard

referencing of other

people’s work

Some Harvard

referencing of other

people’s work, but

limited range of

sources

Reasonable Harvard

referencing of other

people’s work;

reasonable range of

sources

Good Harvard

referencing of other

people’s work;

appropriate range of

sources

Excellent Harvard referencing of other

people’s work

including a good

range of appropriate

sources and quality

references

Presentation and

writing style (5%)

Inadequate

structure; incoherent

flow; poor use of

diagrams

Poor structure;

arguments not clear;

poor use of tables

and diagrams

Acceptable

structure; arguments

reasonably clear;

reasonable use of

tables and diagrams

Good structure;

coherent arguments;

good use of tables

and diagrams

Well structured;

clear arguments and

points; excellent use

of tables and

diagrams

Recommended Reading

The following textbooks include information you will find helpful in developing your methodological reports. The course draws from the following key textbooks:

Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2018) Business Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press (all editions are useful; 5th is the most recent).

Chapters from this book, as well as other key readings, are suggested for each lecture and for tutorials. You are strongly advised to make use of these resources.

Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2018) Business Research Methods. Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press.

Easterby-Smith, M., Thorpe, R, and Jackson, P. R. (2015) Management and Business Research. Fifth Edition. SAGE.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2016) Research Methods for Business Students. Six Edition. Pearson.

Smith, M. (2003) Research Methods in Accounting. SAGE. (This is available as an electronic book via the University Library)

Gray, D.E. (2014) Doing Research in the Real World. Third Edition. SAGE.

Blumberg, B., Cooper, D.R. and Schindler, P.S. (2014). Business Research Methods.(4th eds) McGraw-Hill.

King, N. and Horrocks, C. (2010) Interviews in qualitative research. London: Sage.

The following is a list of the principal assessment criteria:

Identify a research aim and design a project to achieve it

Write a critical literature review

Define working concepts and theoretical frameworks used in the dissertation

Collect and analyse research data, and demonstrate an understanding of methodological and ethical issues

Interpret findings critically by demonstrating an understanding of their significance and by linking data to the literature reviewed

Write a piece of work that is well-argued, structured, written and presented, and that makes critical use of citing and referencing scheme (e.g., Harvard)

Demonstrate an understanding of the implications of the study for future research and/or policy and practice

Since dissertations can be based on a wide variety of approaches and with different emphasis, the weights assigned to the different areas of assessment may not be the same for all dissertations.

Proposal/Dissertation structure:

The following provides a typical structure for a dissertation. This is indicative in that all dissertations are unique and will be variations on this model.

Title page

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of contents

List of tables (if needed)

List of figures, graphs, etc. (if needed)

Introduction

Literature Review

Methods

Results

Discussion

Conclusion

References

Appendices

Some of the headings are self-explanatory. Others require some explanation as follows:

Abstract:

A concise summary of approximately 250 words stating the main argument and findings of the dissertation.

Introduction:

Describe the topic of the study, why the study needs to be conducted (gap), and the potential implications. Preview the major sections of the chapter. This introduction to the chapter should be less than 1 page in length.

Background:

Briefly summarise the research literature that outlines the scope of the study topic and indicates that this is a current problem. You can use this literature to trace the problem from its initiation to its current state. Describe the gap in the literature that the study will address. End the section on why the study is needed; this must go beyond just filling a gap in the literature.

Literature Review:

This section should review existing literature relevant to the topic that you are studying. Your discussion of the literature should provide a critical analysis and synthesis of the literature in which ideas are brought together under a series of themes. This means that the literature review should not simply provide a list of studies and what they have found but rather should critically engage with the literature and identify the strengths and weaknesses of existing research, particularly considering your own research question. Your literature review can also identify ‘gaps’ in existing research – areas that have not been explored in

sufficient depth, or from a particular angle. The purpose of the study is then to fill in some of these ‘gaps’. So the way you approach your reading and reviewing of the literature is very much with your own research question in mind – that is, what does the literature tell you and what does it not tell you about your research question.

Methodology:

This section details how exactly you carried out your study. This includes discussion of the philosophical assumptions and standpoint of your study; as well as the actual methods you used (qualitative/quantitative/mixed methods; sources of data; sample size; access; data collection methods; data analysis methods; etc.). You should also discuss methodological issues including ethical issues; reflexivity and research quality issues (reliability, validity, generalisability, and the alternative qualitative criteria).

Results:

The results section outlines what you have learnt from the data. For a quantitative study, this may involve a series of tables and/or graphs as a way of representing the data. For a qualitative study, this may involve discussion of the data under a series of themes in which verbatim quotations are provided illustrating the issues raised in each theme.

Discussion:

This section details how you have interpreted your results – that is, what do your results tell you about your research question, and how do your results fit in with what you know from the literature. Do they confirm or challenge existing research? Do they shed new light on the question, and if so how? This discussion takes the form of an argument – that is, what is the ‘story’ that you are telling about your data, and what is the evidence for this account.

Conclusion:

The conclusion recapitulates the main points of your dissertation. Remind the reader of your main argument – why you did the study; why this was an interesting question to investigate; how you conducted the research; what you found; and how you made sense of what you found in light of existing research/literature. Emphasise what is new, interesting and/or significant about your study. So here you are trying to broaden out your argument to think about the wider significance of your study and what it means more generally for the particular topic area that you are working in. If there are implications for policy and practice, this is also the place to highlight these.

Appendices:

You may wish to add tables, give details of your sample, or provide a copy of your Interview Guide in the appendix. Appendices are useful for putting in information that is relevant to your study and understanding it, but that is too cumbersome or detailed to put in the main body of the dissertation.

References:

Please provide a full list of all references used in your dissertation. Make sure you check that references cited in the main body are in the reference list; and that all the references in the reference list have been referred to in the main body of the text. Ensure citations conform with normal academic procedures using Harvard Reference Style Please note that the list of references do not count towards the overall word limit. Cite at least 30 high-quality academic papers that rank level 3, 4 or 4* from journals on AJG (Academic Journal Guide 2021) list in the field of management studies (see a previous 2018 edition here). You can also cite other papers, websites, or books. If you think it is necessary to cite websites, make sure that those websites should be from known and famous sources to guarantee quality and validity of your thoughts, such as Financial Times, The Times, BBC, China Daily, CNN or well-known firms. Citations from unknown sources are not recommended

Course Texts

You might find the following texts useful in preparing your dissertation:

Brown, R. B. (2006) Doing Your Dissertation in Business and Management. London: Sage.

This is an excellent slim little volume which will introduce you to the dissertation process.

Fisher, C. (2004) Researching and Writing a Dissertation for Business Students. London: FT Prentice Hall.

This is a lengthier volume which takes you through the detailed process of researching and writing a dissertation.

the dissertations is 10,000 words, excluding the Abstract, References, and list of Abbreviations. A plus or minus 10% variation is applicable. Preparing written work to fit within previously set parameters is an important skill to learn. Submissions that significantly exceed this limit will be penalised. Markers will ignore any footnotes and appendices that are outwith the word limit and excessively long.

Submissions are to be produced in black typescript, to a professional quality on A4 paper of good quality and should be printed double-sided. The typeface should be standard, such as Arial, Times New Roman Calibri at least 10 point and no more than 12 points.

Students are responsible for their own arrangements for typing and binding. 1.5 spacing should be used except for indented quotations where single line spacing should be adopted. Margins at the binding edge are to be no less than 40mm and other margins no less than 20mm.

Pages should be numbered consecutively throughout the thesis. The title page shall give the following information in the order listed:

the full title of the dissertation and sub-title if any,

the name and University Student number of the author,

the statement that: “This dissertation is submitted in part requirement for the Degree of MA with Honours in …….. at the University and is solely the work of the above-named candidate. The work of other authors is recognised and appropriately referenced”.

date of submission

a word count of the main body of the dissertation excluding the Abstract, Reference Bibliography and list of Abbreviations.

There shall be an Abstract, or summary of the dissertation, of up to 250 words. This summary shall provide a synopsis of the thesis and shall clearly state the nature and scope of the research undertaken. There should be a brief reference to the method of investigation, an outline of the principal arguments of the work and a summary of the conclusions reached.

The table of contents shall immediately follow the abstract. It shall list, in sequence all relevant sub- divisions of the dissertation, including the titles of chapters, sections and sub-sections, as appropriate; the list of abbreviations used in the dissertation (as applicable); the reference bibliography and appendices. Ensure citations conform with normal academic procedures using[supanova_question]

[Dissertation Title Page] [Abstract title page] The text of the Abstract is

[Dissertation Title Page]

[Abstract title page]

The text of the Abstract is double-spaced with no paragraph breaks or citations. Briefly describe the overall research study problem you are addressing in the first couple of sentences followed by the purpose of the study. Do include a general introduction of the need for the study (identify the problem) in the first sentence, then move to a clear statement of the research problem (your specific research problem, central research question) being addressed. Identify the purpose and theoretical foundations of the study. When applicable, summarise the key research question(s), and briefly describe the overall research methodology, methods, and data analysis procedures.

Once Chapters 1-5 are complete, add the following:

Identify the key results, one or two conclusions, and recommendations that capture the heart of the research. Conclude with a statement on the implications for positive social change.

Note: See Harvard referencing for further instruction on references

Dedication

[This is an optional page for a dedication. It does not have a page number. The dedication appears with normal formatting: left justified, indented paragraphs, standard punctuation, etc.]

Acknowledgments

[As with the Dedication page, the Acknowledgments page is optional. It is a nice place to thank the faculty, friends, and family members who have helped you reach this point in your academic career. This section should be no more than one page in length.]

Table of Contents

List of Tables iv

List of Figures v

Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study 6

Background of the Study 6

Research Aim…………………………………………………………………6

Research Objectives ………………………………………………………….7

Research Question(s) Hypotheses 8

Theoretical Foundation 9

Structure and layout………………………………………………………10

Chapter 2: Literature Review 11

Theoretical Foundation 11

Literature Review 11

Summary and Conclusions 12

Chapter 3: Research Methodology 13

Research Philosophy……………………………………………………..14

Research Approach……………………………………………………….14

Research Method……………………………………………………….15

Sampling and Sampling Procedure…………………………………..15

Procedures for Recruitment, Participation, and Data Collection (Primary Data 14

Pilot Study 14

Data Analysis Plan 15

Threats to Validity …….16

External Validity …….16

Internal Validity 16

Construct Validity 16

Ethical Procedures 17

Summary 17

Chapter 4: Results 18

Study Results 18

Summary 18

Chapter 5: Discussion 19

Interpretation of Findings 19

Limitations of the Study 20

Conclusions 20

Chapter 6: Conclusions, and Recommendations 21

Recommendations 22

Implications 23

References 21

Appendix A: Title of Appendix 22

The above is a working table of contents.

Note: Not all headings will be the same for every paper/study.
List of Tables

Table 1. A Sample Table Showing Correct Formatting ……

List of Figures

Figure 1. Figure caption goes here xx

Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study

Introducing the study

Provide definitions of concepts

Lightly introducing the core topic / discipline / research problem

Outlining the contents of the proposal

Describe the topic of the study, why the study needs to be conducted (gap), and the potential implications. Preview the major sections of the chapter.. This introduction to the chapter should be less than 1 page in length.

Some of the following sections contains a suggested page length; however, the length of each section should be determined by sufficiency, completeness, and must not fully relied on.

Notes: If you have any questions on completing this section, consult your Supervisor

Background of the Study

Briefly, summarise the research literature that outlines the scope of the study topic and indicates that this is a current problem. You can use this literature to trace the problem from its initiation to its current state. Describe the gap in the literature that the study will address. End the section on why the study is needed; this must go beyond just filling a gap in the literature. Notes: Should any questions arise while you are completing this section, consult your supervisor. This section should be 1-1.5 pages in length.

Offer a strong opening here with a powerful (cited) statement that will grab the reader’s attention. Follow the opening statement with a staggering statistic that validates the existence of the current problem (also cited). State the research problem. Frame the problem in a way that builds upon or counters previous research findings focusing primarily on research conducted in the last 5 years. Address a meaningful gap in the current research literature.

You may choose to include both the general problem statement (a broad concept of the problem), and the specific problem statement (the focus of the study). Use key words such as “the specific problem is …” and be sure to indicate a problem as a gap between the current state of a situation and the desired state of a situation (current status of the topic in the literature). Your sentence that directly states the research problem should be a variation of your central research question to ensure alignment.

Research Aim

Provide a concise statement that serves as the connection between the problem being addressed and the focus of the study. A research aim expresses the intention or an aspiration of the research study; it summarises in a single sentence what you hope to achieve at the end of a research project. Your aim should be specific and phrased in such a way that it is possible to identify when it has been achieved.

Around 20-25 words maximum

Research Objective

In general, research objectives describe what we expect to achieve by the study. Research objectives are usually expressed in lay terms and are directed as much to the client as to the researcher.

Research objectives should be closely related to the statement of the problem and breaks the research aim into parts. For example, if the aim of the study is to examine the low utilisation of antenatal care services, the general objectives of the study could be to:

RO1. To identify the reasons for this low uptake, in order to find ways of improving it.

RO2. To investigate the benefits of antenatal care.

4-5 objectives

No more than 5, not less than 3

Your objectives should be stated using action verbs that are specific enough to be measured, for example: to compare, to calculate, to assess, to determine, to verify, to investigate, to describe, to explain, etc.

Avoid the use of vague non-active verbs such as: to appreciate, to understand, to believe, to study, etc., because it is difficult to evaluate whether they have been achieved.

Example: To address the research aim, four key research objectives were developed and are outlined as follows:

RO1. To identify……….

RO2, To critically examine………….

Research Question(s) /Hypotheses

State the research question(s) or State the null and alternative hypotheses (where applicable) that identify the independent and dependent variables being studied, the association being tested, and how the variables are being measured.

Choosing a research question is an essential element of both quantitative and qualitative research. Investigations will require data collection and analysis, and the methodology for this will vary widely. Good research questions seek to improve knowledge on an important topic, and are usually narrow and specific.

A qualitative study seeks to learn why or how, so the writer’s research must be directed at determining the what, why and how of the research topic. Therefore, when crafting a research question for a qualitative study, the writer will need to ask a why or how question about the topic.

A quantitative study seeks to learn where, or when, so the writer’s research must be directed at determining the where, or when of the research topic. Therefore, when crafting a research question for a quantitative study, the writer will need to ask a where, or when question about the topic. For example: Where should the company market its new product? Unlike a qualitative study, a quantitative study is mathematical analysis of the research topic, so the writer’s research will consist of numbers and statistics.

Notes: If necessary, consult your supervisor for assistance in completing this section.

Theoretical Foundation

Some studies usually include a theoretical foundation. Identify the theory or theories and provide the origin or source. State concisely the major theoretical propositions and / or major hypotheses with a reference to a more detailed explanation in Chapter 2. Explain how the theory relates to the study approach and research questions.

Notes: Consult your supervisor for questions and theory suggestions if necessary. This section should be about half page in length or less.

Significance of the Study

The Significance of the Study is described in terms of (a) advancing theory, (b) advances in practice, and (c) filling a gap in the literature. Notes: Your Supervisor can offer further guidance on completing this section. This section, can be half a page or slightly more or less.

Structure and plan of the study

Summarize main points of the rest of the dissertation’s chapters.

Chapter two seeks to ……

Chapter three will examine……

Chapter four is devoted to …….

chapter five advances the ……

Then provide a transition to Chapter two.

Notes: Consult your supervisor for further clarification on this section. This section should be around half page in length. This maybe supported with a diagram for illustration purpose.

Source: A hypothetical diagram

Chapter 2: Literature Review

I N T R O D U C T I O N

Restate the problem and the purpose in an introductory manner. Provide a succinct synopsis of the current literature that establishes the relevance of the problem. Preview major sections of the chapter including headings and main points to be covered.

Note: Consult your supervisor for assistance with the compilation details of this chapter, as various strategies are available. This introduction to the chapter should be short usually five lines or more.

Theoretical Foundation

Clearly outline the theory or theories and corresponding theorists. Provide historical background or source of the theory and any applicable underpinnings. Describe major theoretical propositions and/or major hypotheses, including delineation of any assumptions appropriate to the application of the theory where applicable. Provide a literature and research-based analysis of how the theory has been applied previously in ways similar to the current study (3-4 current studies, minimum). Provide the rationale for the choice of this theory – outline how this theory, specifically, will enhance the design of the study. Describe how and why the selected theory relates to the present study and how the research questions relate to, challenge, or build upon existing theory. Note: This section can be around half a page or more.

Literature Review

Provide an exhaustive review of the current literature that includes the following information:

Identify and describe studies related to the study topic and chosen methodology that are consistent with the scope of the study.

Explore ways in which researchers in the discipline have approached the problem. Outline the strengths and weakness inherent in each of their approaches.

Justify, from the literature, the rationale for selection of your operational variables as well as concepts where necessary.

Review and synthesise studies (under each heading) related to the key variables in order to produce a description of what is known about the study topic, what is controversial, and the remaining gaps in the literature to be studied.

Note: This section should be around 3,000 -3500 words

A section of clearly and academically written paragraphs, statements, paraphrased discussion. Reduce your usage of direct quotations.

Expected here:

Description of the general to focused aspects of your topic

Compare and contrast of arguments

Criticality and reasoning of key arguments and discussion points within your chosen field

All above must be cited to published, peer-reviewed work

Articles

Textbook publications

Appropriate media, online sources

Sections and sub-sections (thematic or otherwise) are expected within this part of the proposal

Discuss and source back to a similar process within your own researched field/topic

Summary

Succinctly summarise major themes outlined in the literature. Briefly summarise what is known and what is not known (this frames the gap in the literature). Directly describe how the present study fills the gap in the literature and will extend knowledge in the discipline. Provide transitional material to connect the gap in the literature to the methods described in Chapter 3.

Note: This section should be around 1 page in length but may be shorter.

Chapter 3: Research Methodology

Provide introduction to this chapter. Set the tone for this chapter. A couple of sentences introducing the contents of this section

Note: This introduction to the chapter should be a few lines

Research Philosophy

Concisely introduce the meaning of philosophy. State the types as appropriate. Identify the philosophy that fits your study. Justify your rationale by explaining how the chosen philosophy is consistent with your study. Note: This section should be half a page or less

Introduce

Identify

Justify

Reference

Note: Use same approach below

Research Approach

Introduce : Deductive, Inductive and Abductive

Identify

Justify

Reference

Summary of approaches

Deductive

Inductive

Abductive

Research Method

Introduce

Identify

Justify

Reference

Summary of distinction between research methods

Qualitative Methods

Quantitative method

Sampling and sampling procedures

Introduce

Identify

Justify

Reference

Identify and justify the type of sampling strategy. Explain specific procedures for how the sample was drawn. Describe the sampling frame (inclusion and exclusion criteria). Thoroughly describe recruiting procedures and particular demographic information that will be collected.

Pilot Study

Delete this section if there was no pilot study. Describe the relationship of the pilot study to the main study (for example, what is the purpose of the pilot study?).

Notes: This section may not be appropriate for all studies, Many of the techniques used in the primary study and the pilot study may be the same.

Data Collection

Introduce

Identify

Justify

Reference

Outline how data was collected etc. Citing relevant articles and sources which encourages this methodology. Reference to the appendix for relevant information is expected

Data Analysis Plan

Identify software used for analyses. Provide an explanation of data cleaning and screening procedures as appropriate to the study.

Briefly state your method of analysis and discuss here

Here, you should state the analytical method for the study

Describe in detail the analysis plan including the elements below. All may not apply to your work.

Qualitative data analysis

Or Statistical tests that was used to test the research question(s)/hypothesis (es)

How results will be interpreted

Example: Thematic analysis phases

Phases

Description details

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Other items to consider

Research Validity

To what extent was validity achieved with this study

Relevance v. Rigour

Consider the relevance and rigour balance associated with this study

Ethical Procedures

Explain how ethical procedures were followed. Agreements to gain access to participants or data Describe the treatment of human participants including the following:

Ethical concerns related to recruitment materials and processes and how this is addressed them.

Describe treatment of data (including archival data), including issues of:

Whether data are anonymous or confidential and any concerns related to each.

Protection for confidential data (data storage procedures, data dissemination, who will have access to the data, and when the data will be destroyed.

Note: This section should be half page or more.

Summary

Summary of this chapter. Provide a transition statement to Chapter 4. Note: This section should about half page.

Chapter 4: Results

Introduce this Chapter 4. Note: This introduction to the chapter should be a few lines.

Study Results

Provide your results here

Summary

Summarise answers to research questions. Provide transitional material from the findings and introduce the reader to the prescriptive material in Chapter 5.

Chapter 5: Discussion,

Think of this chapter as a bookend to Chapter 1. Summarise the problem and purpose with similar language to what you used in the introduction of Chapter 1. Describe in what ways findings confirm, refute, or extend knowledge in the discipline by comparing them to the literature featured in Chapter 2. Analyse and interpret the findings in the context of the framework as appropriate. Ensure interpretations do not exceed the data, findings, and scope. Anything that you feel is important to note that is beyond the data and findings can be included in the recommendations section.

Note: Consult your supervisor for further assistance with any of the sections in this chapter.

Summary

This is where you will summarise the findings in your own words. You may find it useful to revisit the summaries presented in Chapter 4. Think of how you would describe your study findings to an interested colleague or family member. Keep the writing scholarly, but not overly technical or statistically heavy. Note: The length of this section varies depending on the study and design.

Contributions or Implications

A short sentence or two introducing the contents of this section

Theory -How will this research impact/add value to related/relevant theory?

Practice- How will this research impact/add value to related/relevant practice?

Policy- How will this research impact/add value to related/relevant policy?

Limitations of the Study

This section is similar to what appears in earlier chapters, whoever, it is from a different angle. Describe the limitations to generalizability, trustworthiness, validity, and reliability that arose from execution of the study. There may be many, or they may be few limitations in this regard. These particular assumptions should be used to revise what was written in Chapter 1. Note: This section should be about half or one page in length.

Recommendations

Describe recommendations for further research that are grounded in the strengths and limitations of the current study as well as the literature reviewed in Chapter 2. This is where you can bring a bit of yourself into the dissertation. Think of ways that, in hindsight, you may have approached the study to elicit different results.

Ensure recommendations do not exceed study or ethical boundaries.

Conclusions

Close with a strong “take away” message where you capture the key essence of the study for your reader. Note: This section should be less than 1 page in length.

References

Alphabetical listing of all references, using the Harvard style and presentation

Appendix A: Title of Appendix

v[supanova_question]

What is the Diversity Statement A diversity statement is a one-page document

What is the Diversity Statement

A diversity statement is a one-page document explaining your experiences and commitments to diversity. Much like a teaching statement what you include will vary depending on what you believe or have done. Three areas that might be included in a diversity statement are 1) your values related to diversity, 2) your experiences working with diverse populations, and 3) your future plans related to inclusivity.

Questions for Drafting a Statement

Drafting a diversity statement will take some time. Draft answers to these questions to help you start thinking about your diversity statement.

What does diversity, equity, or inclusion mean to you?

Why is diversity important to you or the classes you teach?

How do you work to ensure your classes are inclusive and welcoming to all students?

Do you do any service or work with diverse or underrepresented populations? If so, what?

Does your research you have read connect to diversity efforts or your understanding of diverse populations? If so, how?

Are you personally diverse in any way that might be relevant to your work or desired career?

What would you like to do in future related to diversity and equity?

When developing the Diversity Statement

Feel free to make a connection by sharing your story

No two people will have the same experiences with diversity. You should feel secure in sharing what makes you unique. You are not required to share all the details of your own background of you are uncomfortable doing so for some reason. However, it can sometimes be helpful to describe these experiences especially if they give you a particular understanding for working with a specific population. One area that you should avoid, is any description of mental health problems.

Share your understanding of diversity

This will include ethnicity/race, class, gender, or sexual orientation. When they ask about diversity this is what they are most likely referring to and talking about other types of diversity might dilute your statement.[supanova_question]

Document of Decisions made from Year 1 to Year 2 Year 1

Document of Decisions made from Year 1 to Year 2

 Year 1

January

 

Room rates

rates

We decided to look at the last year’s guest ratings and last year’s rates to decide which prices and rates to fix for this 1st year Jan for different market segments.

We increased rates when the customers rating on prices was high and decreased rates when the customers were less satisfied with the last year prices.

Channel M

Channel management

We used the channel demand and transaction costs document to base our numbers for the table.

Refurbishments

contract cleaning services for both guestrooms

Facilities

added fitness center

Services

guestroom internet& concierge, transport van

 

Marketing 

hotel website, e commerce service.

4% of revenue used in marketing

Advertising 

Benchmark service, 

set numbers for each segment to make the % of forecasted revenue to around 3%. Kept OTA for group at 0

 

 

February

 

Room rates

·      compared to compset: our rates were quite low so decided to increase

 

Channel M

·      in all segments ( beside package) we increased direct for all, and for all wholesale decreased by around same amount, figured out OTA and GDS accordingly. 

 

Refurbishments

 

Facilities

 

Services

·      foreigh exchange

·      Benchmark service

 

Marketing 

hotel website, e commerce service

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 

 

Room rates

 

Channel M

 

Refurbishments

 

Facilities

added valet parking

Services

express check in and check-out

·      Guest reponse service, public response service

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

·      set numbers for each segment to make the % of forecasted revenue to around 3.8%. Kept OTA for group at 0

 

 

 

April 

 

Room rates

o   Tour: increase by 20 because % variance (revenue variance report)  was -23% in March 

o   Small group: decrease by 10 

o   All other segments: increase by 10, to have a competitive advantage 

 

Channel M

Rate increae: booking > 75%: 

Premium and BAR for WE and WD: 10% rate increase 

Large group and small group: 10% for WD 

 

Refurbishments

still in process from previous month

 

Facilities

added retail shop

Services

nothing

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

Put group advertising at 0 

3.59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

 

Room rates

·      Premium, BAR, Package increased around 10-20 dollars, increased tour by 25, large group and small we didn’t change since the differece of distributed costs was positive 

 

Channel M

·      rate reduction  65% 

·      we switched direct and wholesale numbers for tour and groups 

Premium, large and small group: added 5% 

We removed the rate increase 

 

Refurbishments

 

Facilities

save up for theme restaurant, therfore not doing anything 

 

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

Put group advertising at 0 

3.59

 

June 

 

Room rates

Premium, BAR, Tour, Large group increase

 

Channel M

·      GDS and OTA  0%, because we had a comment that groups don’t book on OTA 

Refurbishments

·      Added lobby and public contract cleaning services 

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

increase by 100 due to negative comments, % forecaste revenue at 3.87%

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

WD: 195, WE: 200 

 

 

 

 

 

July

 

Room rates

decrease all room rates by 10

Channel M

 

Refurbishments

Cleaning refurbishment for premium and standards rooms

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

 

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

 

August

 

Room rates

increase room rates by 15 and group by 10

Channel M

 

Refurbishments

rooms out of order because actually refurbished

Facilities

business center that will be ready in two months

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

increase advertising by 200 and percentage of the forecasted revenue is 3.85%.

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September

 

Room rates

decrease everything by 5

Channel M

 

Refurbishments

old refurbishments still in process

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

4.01%

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

 

October 

 

Room rates

We switched weekend and weekday rates. Increased by 5 small groups.

Channel M

switch rate increase by 5% when booking exceeds 75% for premium rooms and removed rate reduction. Pckage at 0%. Rate increase 5% week days.

Refurbishments

nada

Facilities

Added travel and tour desk 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

Increase everything by 200. New forecasting revenue 4.45%

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November

 

Room rates

Increased the tour rates by 20

Channel M

rate reduction 5% for tour on weekdays

Refurbishments

refurbishment of front desk

Facilities

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

 

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

Standard single rooms – 170

Upgrade single rooms – 205

 

December

 

Room rates

decrease everything by 5 (except all groups)

Channel M

 

Refurbishments

refurbish meeting rooms and front desk

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

4.61%

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

 

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

175 standard double rooms

 

 

 Y2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January 

room market share is at 9.49%, total occupancy 52.3%

Room rates

increased premium by 10 because revenue variance was -11.4%

decrease by 20 BAR because 5.9%, package increased by 25, decrease by 10 guaranteed,qualified decrease by 10 because rev variance 51.5%, contract decrease by 10 because 74.77%,

Tour we went down from 265 to 160 and to 255 to 150

Channel M

Went from 5% to 0% for small group we don’t have any rate reduction anymore

Refurbishments

 

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

 

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

 

February

room market share 10.27%, occupancy 65.56%

Room rates

Format: revenue variance %, room rate  Premium:10.15%, -5 room rate/ BAR: -8.57%, +5/ Package: 17.62%, -5/ Guaranteed: 16.71, -5/ Qualified: -3.47%, – / Tour: -33.48%, +15/ Large group: -8.3%, +5/ Small groups: 127%, – let how it was

Channel M

 

Refurbishments

contract cleaning and service: all because our reputation is bad everywhere (all in red)

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

Leave marketing and advertising the same

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

4.82%

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

 

 

March 

room market share is at 10.11% , total occupancy 70.74% (last YTD it was at only at 52.77%)

Room rates

Format: revenue variance %, room rate  Premium:10.73%,-

BAR: -6.25%, +5/ Package: 15.76%, -5/ Guaranteed: 14.76, -/ Qualified: -6.27%, +5 / Tour: 51.88%, -10/ Large group: 4.67%, -/ Small groups: 124.48%, – let how it was

Channel M

Refurbishments

contract cleaning and service: all, to improve our reputation

guest room premium and guest room standard still in progress so didn’t need to repay

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

direct transient added 1000$ W/D W/E

4.78% of forecasted revenue

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

April 

room market share is at 9.27% , total occupancy 73.39% (last YTD it was at only at 56.1%)

Room rates

Premium stays the same. Bar standard increased by 10. Package decreased by 5. Guaranteed decreased by 5. Qualified increased by 10. Contract increased by 20. Large groups increased by 20. Small groups increased by 20. 

Channel M

Changed everything in reduction to 0%. Rate increase of 5% for large groups.

Refurbishments

Facilities

 

Services

 

Marketing 

 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

RFP(rate forecasted prices) 

 

May 

% of forecasted revenue 4.49% – Rate efficiency 91.9% 

Room rates

Premium increased by 20. Bar standard decreased by 5. No change for package. Guaranteed decreased by 10. Qualified increased by 20. No change for contract. Tour decreased by 35. large groups decreased by 20. No change for small groups.

Channel M

Refurbishments

N/A

Facilities

N/A

Services

N/A

Marketing 

Keep the same 

Advertising 

% of forecasted advertising 

 

4.75% Keep the same 

RFP(rate forecasted prices)[supanova_question]

For your Research project ( Research paper or a Power Point Presentation)

For your Research project ( Research paper or a Power Point Presentation) for the EN221 class, please pick an author we discussed in class and write a research paper based on their life and work. You could choose three/four short stories or films. If you are writing about a poet, or any of the short stories we’ve read in class by an author, compare- contrast the works and discuss the stories or film in relation to symbolism and structure. Also, if you are writing about a poet, how does the theme of the poem: love, death, friendship, etc., reflect in the entire author’s work? What are some of the other works by this author?

The final part of your POWER POINT can reflect upon the entire life’s work of the author and if you find that the theme of love is present in one or more of Shakespeare’s plays, for example: Romeo and Juliet, The Winter’s Tale, then include the plays as well and finish with a conclusion.

This is just one example of a research project but you could choose any author besides William Shakespeare that we’ve discussed in class and write a similar research project, based on the entire life’s work of an author, using 3-4 examples of his/ her poems. I PICKE

If you are working on a research paper, paper should be 10-12 pages long ( APA or MLA format)

Alternatively, if you are considering a Power Point Presentation , it should be based on the same research and should contain 18- 20 slides with thorough research. You can also use any of the films/ novels discussed in class. A separate instruction on PP to follow shortly. You can also choose and author we have not discussed in class but please, check with me first. Can to do 11 to 12 slides

Good luck and if you have further questions, please, reach out to me at etroshanoff@monroecollege.edu. PLEASE DO POWERPOINT WAY MORE FASTER[supanova_question]

Directions for paper Using the comprehensive school counseling plan attached, prepare a

Directions for paper

Using the comprehensive school counseling plan attached, prepare a report on the evaluation and discuss their findings, the strength, and weaknesses of the activities and how they are aligned to the ASCA standards, and make recommendations to program and stakeholders concerning the following two areas.

1. Program Activities

2. Alignment to the ASCA Standards (American School Counseling Association)

APA formatting with in-text citations. At least 2 resources.

Attached is a sample paper that received an A. Please use as a reference but do not plagiarize.

Resources that you may use:

Astramovich, R. L., & Coker, J. K. (2007). Program evaluation: The Accountability Bridge model for counselors. Journal of Counseling & Development, 85, 162–172.

Carey, J. C., Dimmitt, C., Hatch, T. A., Lapan, R. T., & Whiston, S. C. (2008). Report of the national panel for evidence- based school counseling: Outcome research coding protocol and evaluation of student success skills and second step. Professional School Counseling, 11(3), 197–206.

Clemens, E. V., Carey, J. C., & Harrington, K. M. (2010). The School Counseling Program Implementation Survey: Initial instrument development and exploratory factor analysis. Professional School Counseling, 14(2), 125–134.

Houser, R. (2019). Counseling and educational research: Evaluation and application. (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Johnson, S., Johnson, C., & Downs, L. (2006). Building a results-based student support program. Boston: Lahaska Press.

Lusky, M. B., & Hayes, R. L. (2001). Collaborative consultation and program evaluation. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79, 26-35.

Rodriguez, J., Olin, S. S., Hoagwood, K., Shen, S., Burton, G., Radigan, M., & Jensen, P. (2011). The development and evaluation of a parent empowerment program for family peer advocates. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 20(4), 397– 405.

Whiston, S. C., & Aricak, O. (2008). Development and initial investigation of the School Counseling Program Evaluation Scale. Professional School Counseling, 11(4), 253–261.[supanova_question]

You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached

You will use MLA format. The name of the speech and speaker will be the title. See the attached

What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations

What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations. What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations.

What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations of the Byzantine Emperor, Pope Urban II, European monarchs and the individuals (mainly European knights) who participated. Did the Crusades achieve the intended result, or not? If not, what did they achieve? If you like, you may limit your answer to the First through Fourth Crusades; but additional remarks about the “World of the Crusades” are also welcome.[supanova_question]

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences Assignment 1 Deadline: 16th Oct 2021

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

Assignment 1

Deadline: 16th Oct 2021

Course Name: Introduction to Operations Management

Student’s Name:

Course Code: MGT311

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: Ist

CRN:

Academic Year: 1442/1443 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name: Dr. Noorjahan Sherfudeen

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Learning Outcome:

Learning Outcome:

Demonstrate the concept of operations functions, supply chain strategy and issues required for a new production design.

Exhibit the factors to determine the production and service processes.

Demonstrate process-flow analysis, process design solutions, operations strategies in the business operation.

Assignment Question(s): (Marks 5)

Describe the nature of operations management in the following organizations. In doing this, first describe the operation process of the production system. Second, identify operations decisions. (Marks 3) (word count maximum:500)

A paper manufacturing

An internal design office

Suppose that a firm is considering moving from a batch process to an assembly-line process to better meet evolving market needs. What concerns might the following functions have about this proposed process change: marketing, finance, human resources, accounting, and information systems? (Marks 1) (word count maximum: 150)

3. Describe the flow chart of Textile Manufacturing Process. (Marks 1) (word count maximum: 100)

https://youtu.be/bVjFP8LTa6c

Answer:[supanova_question]

5 Information Technology Ethical Issue Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Instructor’s Name Course

What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations 5

Information Technology Ethical Issue

Student’s Name

Institution Affiliation

Instructor’s Name

Course Name

Date

Information Technology Ethical Issue

Introduction

Information technology specifies the elements deployed to keep, fetch, and exploit data at the lower level with the server in an operating network. Information technology has a broad sector of implementations in education, health businesses, and banking sectors. With the leading enhancement in information technology, it is relevant to know ethical issues, privacy issues, security issues, and direct adverse effects of IT (Reynolds, 2014). To deal with these IT issues in society, it is vital to find the ethical issues. The main ethical issue discussed in this paper is privacy.

Privacy

Advancements in technology pose challenges that impact privacy. Users use an operating system to interact with information technology systems comprising hardware and software devices (Reynolds, 2014). As a result, the deployments of these systems on a large scale allow large data transfer, which results in the concealed opportunities of revealing data and breaching the privacy of any person. Consequently, privacy concerns have emerged because of the increased connectivity associated with large information systems. Technology has also increased the accessibility of data by reducing people’s control over their personal information, which creates the risk of data breaches (Florea & Florea, 2020). Additionally, personal information has been used to establish firms that use data-centered business models, creating data privacy risks (Florea & Florea, 2020). The use of digital technologies for government agencies and corporate surveillance has also increased privacy concerns (Florea & Florea, 2020). These concerns tend to be the main problem for IT society and companies to uphold data privacy and integrity. Accidental exposure to improper people and provision to safeguard the data accuracy also emerges in the privacy issue.

A Description of Issues Related to Privacy

In ethics, the concept of privacy is regarded as informational. Based on United States Law, constitutional privacy focuses on an individual’s freedom to make personal decisions without other people’s interference (Van den Hoven et al., 2014). An example of constitutional privacy is deciding to use contraceptives. In informational privacy, the focus is on people’s freedom to exercise control over personal information accessibility (Van den Hoven et al., 2014). Informational privacy is mainly concerned with information disclosed on social media. It refers to an individual’s right to direct or indirect control over the accessibility to personal information, methods that others can use to acquire this information, and technology used to generate, process, and disseminate information (Van den Hoven et al., 2014). Overall, ethical privacy concerns are related to informational privacy.

Ethical debates about privacy mainly involve new technologies. These technologies can range from a variety of subjects such as genetics, sensor networks, and search engines. Van den Hoven et al. (2014) note that the debates revolve around people’s reactions to the impact of new technology on personal information. One of the reactions is that people have no control over privacy in this era (Hoven et al., 2014). In contrast, other people understand the significance of protecting privacy in this digital era (Hoven et al., 2014). Ethical concerns about the use of new technology are associated with privacy.

As mentioned earlier, ethical concerns related to privacy also involve the use of personal information. Personal information refers to any data associated with an individual, such as date of birth and religion (Hoven et al., 2014). It also includes the behavioral information collected through social media and an IP address associated with someone’s computer (Hoven et al., 2014). The use of personal information depends on the industry. For example, in the higher education sector, the analytical analysis of students’ personal information has resulted in the sale of this information to third parties or education stakeholders (Florea & Florea, 2020). This practice poses ethical concerns regarding the morality and legality of those supposed to benefit from personal information.

Ethical issues related to privacy are also associated with trust. Trust is needed for users to use the services of a certain provider because the latter will have access to the former’s personal information. Ethical issues are also related to the law. In this case, a privacy breach that exposes an individual’s personal information poses a security threat. The law is used to punish those who breach someone’s privacy by violating their trust (Lee et al., 2016). Ethics are supposed to aid in determining the practices that lead to privacy preservation. Therefore, privacy violations impact trust and risk posing security threats (Solove, 2008). Commercialization of personal information has also lowered people’s trust and increased the need for controlled access to personal information. Data privacy is about entry, utilization, and collection of data and the data subject’s lawful right to the data. It also refers to the improper deployment of data, freedom from unauthorized access to private information, the right to inspect and update data, the accessibility of data content, and the information subject’s legal right to access.

Other ethical issues concerning privacy are confidentiality and anonymity. Ethical research practices recognize the use of anonymity and confidentiality because they determine privacy (Florea & Florea, 2020). In this context, privacy refers to the sharing of information selectively (Florea & Florea, 2020). In research, confidentiality ensures that an individual’s personal information is not disclosed to those with unauthorized access (Florea & Florea, 2020). Confidentiality limits access to personal information, allowing the owner to control its accessibility. On the other hand, anonymity eliminates the need for privacy by removing the link between personal information and an individual (Florea & Florea, 2020). Anonymity makes it challenging to determine the person that provided the personal information. Privacy influences confidentiality and anonymity.

Despite the ethical concerns associated with privacy, privacy should be balanced against the benefits. For example, in educational research, privacy should not outweigh the benefit of the findings (Florea & Florea, 2020). Similarly, privacy concerns could be disregarded when it is more beneficial to use the new technology. However, privacy concerns that pose a significant security threat should be considered. Ultimately, it is better to balance the benefits of the implementation of technology and privacy concerns.

How Ethical Privacy Issues Cause Harm

The unwanted sharing, disclosure, and loss of entry to an individual’s personal information may cause people serious harm. Some information tends to be more delicate than others and, thus, likely to cause individuals serious harm (Solove, 2008). Privacy tends to be about more comprehensive values than just concealing things. People need refuge from society’s eye and self-monitoring instead of living with each other’s information. In addition, by monitoring online searches and communications, organizations note, assume, and sometimes expose more than the interests and preferences that one openly expresses. Also, organizations, governments, and other institutions gather data about someone they willingly or unknowingly provide out online. The paper will talk about serious harms caused entail physical harm or intimidation, family violence, financial fraud, and psychological or emotional harm.

Lack of privacy also leads to information inequality and injustice. In most cases, individuals cannot negotiate contracts concerning the use of personal data (Hoven et al., 2014). Hoven et al. (2014) add that people cannot check whether those who collect their data respect a contract’s privacy-related terms. For example, it is difficult for a Facebook user to establish whether Facebook respects data privacy by not sharing personal data with third parties. These people can, therefore, suffer from information inequality. Information inequality is also depicted in marketing, political campaigns, and policy implementations (Hoven et al., 2014). Information injustice occurs when there is discrimination. If personal information collected in a medical setting is used in commercial transactions, a person can face discrimination. For example, employers may discriminate against a job applicant because of medical information obtained online. Therefore, personal information can have different meanings in different contexts, resulting in discrimination (Hoven et al., 2014). Overall, lack of privacy can harm someone by creating information inequality and injustice.

In addition to information inequality and injustice, lack of privacy negatively impacts human dignity and autonomy. Hoven et al. (2014) note that lack of privacy exposes people to external forces that may impact their decisions. An example is that surveillances cause people to behave in a different manner because they know someone is watching them. Hoven et al. (2014) argue that technology can violate human dignity when the use of big data application to human behavior is compared to human beings’ private mental states. Respecting privacy implies that technology places more value on human dignity.

Resolving Privacy Issue

Protecting data privacy happens to be very urgent and complicated. Privacy security is relevant due to the ubiquity of the technology-driven and information concerted environment. The requirement for data privacy protection tends to be very urgent because of multidirectional demand. Information protection is a vital information security task that assists in creating and applying strategies to guarantee that data privacy policies, guidelines, standards, and processes are adequately improved, compiled, communicated, and efficient mitigation measures are executed.

Personal privacy can get attained via technical and social resolutions. Technical solutions entail protecting data from accidental or unauthorized access. Social solutions entail developing acceptability and awareness among clients regarding whether and how information is getting deployed and doing so clearly and confidentially (Solove, 2008). In addition, workers need to commit to complying with organizational privacy regulations, and companies need to instruct them on how to evade activities that may compromise privacy actively.

Conclusion

Numerous individuals have their information spread across the digital world. Privacy tends to have evolving legal impacts, but there are ethical contemplations. Personal information is a very critical component of ethical issues in information technology. Additionally, privacy revolves around disclosing and sharing personal information by increasing accessibility to the trusted. Privacy breaches can have negative impacts that harm an individual, resulting in legal action. Privacy protection requires the use of technical and social approaches. Since the use of technology is beneficial, ethical privacy concerns and these benefits should be balanced.

References

Florea, D., & Florea, S. (2020). Big Data and the Ethical Implications of Data Privacy in Higher Education Research. Sustainability, 12(20), 8744.

Lee, W. W., Zankl, W., & Chang, H. (2016). An ethical approach to data privacy protection. Isaca Journal.

Reynolds, G. (2014). Ethics in information technology. Cengage learning.

Solove, D. J. (2008). Understanding privacy.

Van den Hoven, J., Blaauw, M., Pieters, W., & Warnier, M. (2014). Privacy and information technology. Retrieved from December 7, 2021, from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/it-privacy/[supanova_question]

What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations

What were the causes and some of the consequences of the Crusading movement? Consider the roles and the motivations

Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when Essay

Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when Essay. Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when Essay.

Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when secular leaders came into conflict with the Roman Catholic Church. Questions to consider include:

–What were the issues involved on each occasion?

–Who were some of the leading characters involved?

–Who seems to have “won” in each case?

–To what extent was the Church operating as an earthly power (not limiting itself to spiritual affairs)? Be sure to provide as many names, dates, and details as possible.[supanova_question]

Bonus HW – The Power of Statistics All we want is power

Bonus HW – The Power of Statistics
All we want is power

– Statisticians https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_(statistics)

This assignment is hard. It is not required, and I expect most of you to skip it. It is more useful for learning new skills than for earning bonus points. You can earn up to 10 points to your Total grade (out of 100), that is equivalent to two HWs, 50% of a Midterm or about 33% of Final. But these points are relatively harder to earn.

Housing is a special asset. It is owned by the majority of population – unlike stocks that are held mostly by the rich. At the same time, different people buy different houses – the dynamics of the sub-markets depend on the characteristics of these people (e.g. owners of small houses default more frequently because they are poor). Studying the distribution of households’ finances (in addition to just total numbers) is useful for understanding how the housing and mortgage markets work and their dynamics, especially the boom-bust cycles.

The goal of this assignment is making just the first step – learning how to work with detailed micro-level data on the US households. The main data source about the balance sheets at the household level is the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF). We are going to compute a few numbers and produce a few plots with more emphasis on learning how to compute and to plot rather than going deep into interpretations and trying to understand the whole universe of the data. It may be not as exciting as the alternative (warning: boring stuff!), but it will help you obtain the skills and have a lot more fun later (if you survive this HW!).

Part 0 {0 points} Getting the Data

Download the Summary Extract Public Data: https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/scfindex.htm

This is a smaller version of the dataset – the only one available in Excel. It’s still pretty big and ugly. Enjoy.

Read the description of the SCF data. You may watch the short video to see what’s possible, but it’s not very helpful for this hw.

The Federal Reserve provides documentation that explains the data, but it is not very user-friendly. The only way to fully understand the data is to read the “Variable Definitions” and “Codebook” files. Most likely, you won’t need to look at these files at all to do this assignment. There may be better explanations available elsewhere, that I am not aware of (you can use them at your own risk, but you don’t need to).

Part I {4 points} “Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics” (author unknown)

We are going to learn how to work with the data so that the statement in the title no longer applies to you, i.e. you’ll understand the data better and catch misinterpretations faster.

Let’s say we want to understand the role of houses and mortgages in balance sheets of the US households – how big are they relative to other items? Here is the full balance sheet chart from the SCF (all variables are available!):

https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/files/NetworthFlowchart.pdf

Find the following variables in the Summary Extract Public Data file: (a) Total net worth, (b) Total assets, (c) Total debt, (d) Primary residence, (e) Residential property excluding primary residence, (f) Debt secured by primary residence, (g) Debt secured by other residential property, (h) Age, (k) Income, (l) Directly held stocks, (m) Weights (Column C, variable WGT).

Define two new variables

“housing” = d + e from above

“mortgages” = f + g from above (strictly speaking, it’s not only mortgages, but it’s close)

{most important step of the whole HW, 0 points ?} Make sure you understand how to use the weights – they are needed for all calculations below. You will get zero credit if you use the weights incorrectly (because all your numbers will be wrong by far). Basically, the weight is the “size” of each observation, you may interpret it as “how many households of this type are in the US” (up to some scale). Instead of simple averages (aka means), you need weighted averages (aka weighted means). Same for medians. Google it. See more hints at the end of this file.

{1 point} Compute the means and medians for all the variables above except for the weights (12 variables!). Make sure you use the weights correctly for both means and medians. For monetary variables, use thousands USD. When means are far from medians, think about why it happens (for fun, not for report).

Below we will compute only the following 3 ratios (but in 7 different ways MWAHAHA):

Use your results from part 4 to compute the ratio of mean housing to mean assets, mean mortgages to mean debt, and mean housing to mean net worth. These are useful to understand the composition of assets and debt in the US as a country (but note that it’s only households sector, not firms or govt). E.g. mortgages comprise over 78% of the total US household liabilities, while housing is less than 1/3 of assets.

Does the above mean that average mortgage borrower has a mortgage that’s 78% of his/her liabilities? No, because not everyone got a mortgage. Similar critique applies to houses (not everyone got a house). Compute the ratio of mean housing to mean assets among homeowners (housing>0), the ratio of mean mortgages to mean debt among mortgage borrowers (mortgages > 0), the ratio of housing to net worth among homeowners (housing>0). The role of housing did not go up much, but the mortgages are even more important: they comprise almost 86% of debt for mortgage borrowers! But hold on.

The means are influenced by outliers; therefore, they may be misleading if we want to think about a typical US household. E.g. say, we have one rich and 9 regular households. The rich one got a $1m house and a $10m stock portfolio, while each regular one has a $200k house and only $10k in stocks. Then housing is less than 22% of assets for all the households combined but it’s over 95% of assets for 9 out of 10 households! Crazy example! But you have not seen the real numbers yet. One way is to talk about “typical” households is to use medians instead of means. Compute the ratios from question 5 using medians instead of means. As expected, we got a larger fraction of housing in assets (more than half!), but the other two numbers look surprising. This is because less than half of households got a mortgage, so the median is zero. The ratio of housing to net worth can well be greater than 100% – this just reflects the fact that many houses carry mortgages, so home equity (that enters the net worth) is less than the value of the house.

Combine the approaches in the two previous questions: compute the ratios using medians and restricting the sample as in Q6. The fraction of housing in assets is even higher, while the fraction of mortgages in liabilities is smaller, and the ratio of housing to net worth looks more reasonable.

It is also useful to compute the ratios above for individual households and work with them. But for this we need to make sure that the denominator is positive for all observations. So restrict the sample in each case. E.g. for housing / assets use only data on households who have positive assets, for mortgages/debt use only those with positive debt. Compute the means of individual ratios. Think about what it means.

Compute the medians of individual ratios. For housing, results are remarkably similar – robustness is good!

Another way to think about typical households is to drop non-typical ones and study the rest of the sample. The most common scale for sorting households is income. So let’s pick typical households by income. Restrict the sample to the middle 20% by income (aka the middle quintile), i.e. sort the data by income, and remove the top 40% and the bottom 40% of population (make sure to use the weights here!). Most common mistake: first, remove the bottom 40%, then remove top 40% of the remaining households (that is wrong: you are removing only 0.4*0.6 = 24%, but you need to remove 40%). Compute the ratios of means (as in Q5).

{1 point} Finally, we can talk about the distribution of housing vs stocks. Compute the fraction of total housing owned by the top 10% of households (sorted by housing assets, not by income). Compute the fraction of total stock holdings owned by the top 10% of households (sorted by stock holdings). Finally, compute the fraction of total income earned by the top 10% of households (now sorted by income). This is one of a few popular inequality measures. Note: for each of the 3 measures we use different households, because the sorting is different (though highly correlated: the rich usually got much income, stocks, and housing).

Part II {6 points} Visualizing the impossible

{2 points} SCF allows us to tell a detailed story of (financial) life for a representative US household.

This time just keep the households with income between $20k and $200k and assets below $1m – it’s about 70% of the sample, good for representativeness

Split your sample into 12 age groups: below 26 years old, 26-30, 31-35, 36-40, … 71-75, over 75.

We will split all assets and debt into 4 parts each to see how their composition evolves over time.

Assets: (1) stocks, (2) non-stock financial assets (fin assets minus stocks), (3) housing, (4) non-housing non-financial assets (non-financial assets minus housing). I.e. we split fin assets and non-fin assets into 2 parts each.

Debt: (1) mortgages & home equity loans on primary residence (NH_MORT variable), (2) other residential debt (HELOC+RESDBT), (3) education loans, (4) all other debt (DEBT minus the above debt categories). I.e. we split the debt into residential and the rest, and then split each of them in 2 parts.

Compute the means for the following variables within each group

age

homeownership rate (equals 1 if housing is positive and zero otherwise)

net worth

assets (total and 4 parts above)

debt (total and 4 parts above)

{1 point} Plot the means above (all except mean age) as functions of mean age (total 12 plots!). Bar plot is the most common for this application. Here are a few plots to check your results:

Interpretation: We can see that only 20% of households younger than 25 are homeowners, but homeownership doubles over the next 5 years – this is when most buy their first house (and get their first mortgage). It is hard to get a mortgage earlier because they don’t have money for the down payment (you can see very low net worth). Most of other future homeowners get their residences (and mortgages) during the next 10-15 years. About 80% of households live in their own home when they retire. More than half of net worth accumulation after age 45 is through repaying mortgages.

Think about how to interpret other plots: tell a story of a typical US family to your grandma / cat / dog (do not write it in your report).

{1 point} Plot two more variables of your choice (not necessarily related to housing or real estate) and write what we can learn from your plots (roughly 1-2 sentences per plot or 1 paragraph total).

{2 points} Now we go in full 3D. Plot the joint distribution of Loan-to-Value and Payment-to-Income, i.e. your vertical assets will be the fraction of households (in percentage; use weights!), and your other two axes are LTV and PTI. For this plot, define Loan = all loans against primary residence, Value = primary residence, Payment = PAYMORT1 (this is just the first mortgage, but ok for simplicity), Income (you already have it). Keep only households with and . Make sure your plot is easy to read (pay special attention to scale and angle of view). Alternatively, you can make a 2D plot (LTV and PTI axes) and show the density by color (aka heatmap). You can submit both plots if you want.

Here are the plots for incomes between 30k and 100k (yours will differ). The 2d one looks more informative.

{2 points: 1 for Lorenz + 1 for Gini} Finally, we go crazy study how concentrated are stocks and housing relative to income and to each other. Do not restrict the sample in any way in this question (use full data that you downloaded). Google about Lorenz Curve and Gini Coefficient. Plot Lorenz curves for housing, stocks, and income. Put all three curves of different colors on one plot – for easy comparison: housing red, stocks blue, income black (or similar colors) – for easy grading :-)). Add a 45-degree line (black dashed). Compute Gini coefficients. On the right, there is the solution for income (Gini = 0.5977). You will see that stocks are extremely concentrated, while housing is more like income. This means that to understand the stock market, we should study a small fraction of rich people who hold most stocks, while for the housing market we have to study the majority of households.

To submit your work, send the report and all the intermediate files to pavel.krivenko@gmail.com with email topic Bonus HW Fall 2019 followed by your Fist Name and Last Name. For the report, use the template file (this file also contains more answers to check your work). For intermediate files, make sure they are easy to read and understand. If the files are too big for one email, upload them somewhere and send a link. Do not send multiple emails. If you use software that allows to write code, just submit your code that uses the original SCF file (this will be easiest to upload and easiest to check, regardless of the programming language). If you modify SCF file before running the code, submit also the modified file along with a detailed description of what exactly you did and in what order (aka algorithm) so that a person who does not know anything is able to replicate your results.

What questions to ask

You can ask only clarifying questions about what to report. Here is an example.

Question: how many decimal places to keep in answers?

Answer: at least 4 digits total, e.g. you can round 1,234.5678 to 1,2345 and 0.12345678 to 0.1235 (not to 0.12).

What questions not to ask

How to access, install or use software (Excel, Matlab, Stata, Python, C++, C, Fortran, Assembly…) or where to find tutorials etc. Most software is available to Baruch students for free (e.g. Matlab). If you have trouble accessing Baruch software license, contact Baruch IT support. Excel is enough but not the most convenient for this HW (e.g. you can do all the means but will have hard time with medians).

Questions about SCF. Learning about a database on your own is a part of the HW.

Don’t send me your intermediate work to ask why the answers don’t match the sample answers. Use the hints below instead.

Grading

There is no partial credit for wrong numbers, but each right number gets credit. For example, in Q4 you need to report 19 numbers (24 total but 5 are given in template). If 10 of them are right, you get 10/19.

In Part I, it’s 2/7 point for each question 5-11.

Everything else is case by case.

Ethics

This is an individual assignment. You are not allowed to work in groups, share your work with others or get help from anyone else.

If some part is too similar in the HWs of two students, both get zero credit for the whole assignment (not only for that part). I will run a comparison tool that identifies similarities (changing the format, fonts, colors, variable names or small changes in content will not help).

Hints

First, use Google search to learn about weighted means and medians, Lorenz Curve, Gini coefficient, and anything else you don’t understand in this assignment. Try to understand the formulas.

Second, try to compute it on your own and compare your answers to the answers I give you in the template. If all the answers match, it’s almost certain that you are doing it right (and vice versa).

If you give up on step (b), use Google search to learn how to compute all the above using your particular software (i.e. not just formulas anymore). E.g. search for “weighted mean in Excel” or “weighted median in Matlab”. This step will most likely work, but steps (a) and (b) are better for learning.

In some cases, you can find third-party code useful (e.g. weighted median on Matlab file exchange). You are allowed to use it but (1) include a reference to this code in your report (otherwise it’s plagiarism and zero credit), (2) you are using it at your own risk – if the code does not work, you don’t receive credit.

Have fun! :-)[supanova_question]

Saudi Electronic University College of Administrative and Financial Sciences ECOM201 – Introduction

Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when Essay Saudi Electronic University

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

ECOM201 – Introduction to E-management

Assignment 3

Project Assignment

GoTech Solutions Company

2021/2022

Requirements

GoTech is a Saudi company (located in Riyadh) that provides technical and digital solutions to other businesses and individuals. Its operation focuses mainly on the Saudi market, but recently it opened two offices in Egypt and Italy. Eng. Abdullah is the CEO, and there are three regional managers (in 3 different countries) and 30 employees working under their supervision. 

Recently, Abdullah has been required to make vital decisions to keep GoTech running during many challenges, including new and existing competitors, rapid technology development, and Coronavirus pandemic. Consider yourself the CEO’s consultant who is required to help him put together a strategy so GoTech can not only survive but also thrive in the future. 

To help you develop your Consultation Strategy Report, use the following points as a guide:

Part 1 

An overview of GoTech company (0.5 marks)

Description of the type of management that GoTech follows. (1 mark)

Description of the challenges with that type of management. (1 mark)

Communication challenges

Cultural and political challenges 

Description of the necessity for creating a virtual Risks Response Team based on Tuckman’s Team Life Cycle Model (see figure 1). (3 marks)

Phases of team creation

Criteria for choosing the team 

Who are they, and why did you choose them?

Pros and cons of the virtual team

Description of the regional managers’ roles (2 marks)

What qualities must they have as leaders? 

How can they motivate themselves and their team? 

What digital recourses can they use to manage the team?

Part 2 

Description of challenges that loom over GoTech (1 mark)

Existing challenges/ disasters

Potential challenges/ disasters

Description of GoTech resources (1 mark)

What are the digital and financial resources?

How can these resources be utilized?

Description of GoTech digital capabilities (2 marks)

Existing capabilities that can be strengthened

Needed capabilities that must be invested in

Description of the solutions (3 marks)

Immediate solutions (based on points 4, 6, 7, & 8)

Future solutions (based on points 5, 6,7, & 8)

Closing remarks/ conclusion (0.5 marks)

Figure 1 Bruce Tuchman’s Team Life Cycle Model (Personio, 2021)

Important details

Due date

Marks

End of week 14

15 marks

Useful links:

http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/studentservices/documents/planning-and-preparing-to-write-assignments.pdf

APA reference system https://student.unsw.edu.au/apa

About plagiarism http://wts.indiana.edu/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml

About plagiarism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism

Guidelines for the assignment:

This is an individual project, which is part from your course score. It requires effort and critical thinking.

Use the given cover page below. One mark will be deducted if there is no cover page.

Your assignment must be supported by evidence and resources. Otherwise, your answer will not be valid.

Use at least 5 different references from the SDL.

Use font Times New Roman, Calibri or Arial.

Use 1.5 or double line spacing with left Justify all paragraphs.

Use the footer function to insert page number.

Ensure that you follow the APA style in your project.

Your project report length should be between 1500 to 2000 words.

Up to 20% of the total grade will be deducted for providing a poor structure of assignment. Structure includes these elements paper style, free of spelling and grammar mistakes, referencing and word count.

Saudi Electronic University 

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences 

E-commerce Department  

 

 

Student Name: 

 

Student ID: 

Course Title: 

Introduction to E-Management

 

Course Code: 

ECOM 201

Academic Year/ Semester:  

2021/2022- 1st Semester

CRN: 

Instructor Name: 

 

Student Grade: 

Grade Level:[supanova_question]

Music Homework, 7 pages double spaced and instructions are posted below. I need it done Essay

Music Homework, 7 pages double spaced and instructions are posted below. I need it done by December 12. The writer’s purpose in the final draft of this paper is to demonstrate to the reader a compelling theory of the evolution of musical styles from 1450 to 1900, C.E, and to convince the reader of the importance of listening to and learning about music from these time periods. Read all the guidelines carefully and make sure to include everything that needs to be included. I need someone who has some knowledge in music history and evolution if its possible!![supanova_question]

Question 1: A monopoly occurs when there are barriers entering the market.

Question 1:

A monopoly occurs when there are barriers entering the market. List 3 types of these barriers with explanation and example. (1 Mark)

Fill the following table for a monopolist firm. (1 Mark)

Marginal revenue

Total revenue

Output

Price

0

$100

1

$85

2

$70

3

$55

4

$40

5

$25

Draw the demand curve and the marginal revenue curve for the above table. And explain the relationship between the marginal revenue and the price. (1 Mark)

Question 2.

Explain the effects of low price-guarantee on the price. (1 Mark)

Give reasons, when average cost increases as the total output increases for an increasing cost industry. (1 Mark)[supanova_question]

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences Assignment 2 Deadline: 20/11/2021 @ 23:59

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

Assignment 2

Deadline: 20/11/2021 @ 23:59

Course Name: Introduction to International Business

Student’s Name:

Course Code: MGT-321

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: I

CRN:

Academic Year: 1442/1443 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Assignment Regulation:

All students are encouraged to use their own word.

Assignment -2 should be submitted on or before the end of Week-11 in Black Board only.

This assignment is an individual assignment.

Citing of references is also necessary.

Assignment Structure:

A.No

Type

Marks

Assignment-2

Critical Thinking

5

Total

5

Learning Outcomes:

Discuss the reasons for and methods of governments’ intervention in trade (Lo 1.2)

Identify and evaluate the significant trade agreements affecting global commerce (Lo 1.1)

Carry out effective self-evaluation through discussing economic systems in the international business context (Lo. 3.1)

Critical Thinking

Read the Management Focus on, “NAFTA’s Tomato Wars,” available in your e-book (page no. 620), and answer the following questions:

Assignment Question(s): (Marks: 5)

Do you think that Mexican producers were dumping tomatoes in the United States? Discuss.

(mark:1)

Was the Commerce Department right to establish a new minimum floor price rather than scrap the agreement and file an antidumping suit? Who would have benefited from an antidumping suit against Mexican tomato producers? Who would have suffered? (marks:3)

What do you think is the optimal government policy response here? Explain your answer. (mark:1)

Answer:

1.

2.

3.

&&&&[supanova_question]

Saudi Electronic University College of Administrative and Financial Sciences ECOM201 – Introduction

Saudi Electronic University

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

ECOM201 – Introduction to E-management

Assignment 3

Project Assignment

GoTech Solutions Company

2021/2022

Requirements

GoTech is a Saudi company (located in Riyadh) that provides technical and digital solutions to other businesses and individuals. Its operation focuses mainly on the Saudi market, but recently it opened two offices in Egypt and Italy. Eng. Abdullah is the CEO, and there are three regional managers (in 3 different countries) and 30 employees working under their supervision. 

Recently, Abdullah has been required to make vital decisions to keep GoTech running during many challenges, including new and existing competitors, rapid technology development, and Coronavirus pandemic. Consider yourself the CEO’s consultant who is required to help him put together a strategy so GoTech can not only survive but also thrive in the future. 

To help you develop your Consultation Strategy Report, use the following points as a guide:

Part 1 

An overview of GoTech company (0.5 marks)

Description of the type of management that GoTech follows. (1 mark)

Description of the challenges with that type of management. (1 mark)

Communication challenges

Cultural and political challenges 

Description of the necessity for creating a virtual Risks Response Team based on Tuckman’s Team Life Cycle Model (see figure 1). (3 marks)

Phases of team creation

Criteria for choosing the team 

Who are they, and why did you choose them?

Pros and cons of the virtual team

Description of the regional managers’ roles (2 marks)

What qualities must they have as leaders? 

How can they motivate themselves and their team? 

What digital recourses can they use to manage the team?

Part 2 

Description of challenges that loom over GoTech (1 mark)

Existing challenges/ disasters

Potential challenges/ disasters

Description of GoTech resources (1 mark)

What are the digital and financial resources?

How can these resources be utilized?

Description of GoTech digital capabilities (2 marks)

Existing capabilities that can be strengthened

Needed capabilities that must be invested in

Description of the solutions (3 marks)

Immediate solutions (based on points 4, 6, 7, & 8)

Future solutions (based on points 5, 6,7, & 8)

Closing remarks/ conclusion (0.5 marks)

Figure 1 Bruce Tuchman’s Team Life Cycle Model (Personio, 2021)

Important details

Due date

Marks

End of week 14

15 marks

Useful links:

http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/studentservices/documents/planning-and-preparing-to-write-assignments.pdf

APA reference system https://student.unsw.edu.au/apa

About plagiarism http://wts.indiana.edu/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml

About plagiarism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism

Guidelines for the assignment:

This is an individual project, which is part from your course score. It requires effort and critical thinking.

Use the given cover page below. One mark will be deducted if there is no cover page.

Your assignment must be supported by evidence and resources. Otherwise, your answer will not be valid.

Use at least 5 different references from the SDL.

Use font Times New Roman, Calibri or Arial.

Use 1.5 or double line spacing with left Justify all paragraphs.

Use the footer function to insert page number.

Ensure that you follow the APA style in your project.

Your project report length should be between 1500 to 2000 words.

Up to 20% of the total grade will be deducted for providing a poor structure of assignment. Structure includes these elements paper style, free of spelling and grammar mistakes, referencing and word count.

Saudi Electronic University 

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences 

E-commerce Department  

 

 

Student Name: 

 

Student ID: 

Course Title: 

Introduction to E-Management

 

Course Code: 

ECOM 201

Academic Year/ Semester:  

2021/2022- 1st Semester

CRN: 

Instructor Name: 

 

Student Grade: 

Grade Level:[supanova_question]

Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when Essay

Write an essay discussing at least two occasions after the year 1000 C.E. and before about 1550 C.E. when Essay

This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan

This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan. This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan.

This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan Academy project. For the purposes of your assignment, we are going to pretend that the Khan Academy has decided to add more interiors to its Smarthistory website and has asked members of the public to propose their personal favorites. You are to write a compelling 4 to 5 page proposal for an interior of your own choosing. You must select something produced by one of the civilizations we studied this semester, and which we have not seen or discussed in class.

Keep in mind: your job is to convince the public about the importance of your chosen interior. Try to consider its importance within the social, cultural, and economic milieu in which it was produced. In what ways is this interior a reflection or contradiction of some of the things that we have discussed in class? How does it respond to the values of its contemporary society (think about gender issues, class issues, aesthetic issues, etc)? What is the main value of the interior’s stylistic traits? How are design and decoration informing the layout of space? What purpose did the interior originally serve, and who was its primary audience? How did the designer(s) respond to all of these constraints? What other spaces might your interior have influenced?

This project will require research and you must footnote your sources and use quotation signs (“…”) whenever repeating someone else’s exact words (including those found on the museum online website or the museum wall label). Your class readings and class notes are a good place to start, but they will not provide enough information; so you will need to bring in other scholarly materials. Websites (including Wikipedia) are not a good place to do research. Books and scholarly journals are advised. You must have at least two books AND two articles on your bibliography, and not more than one website.

Please use the Chicago Manual of Style (Notes and Bibliography format) as a guideline for citations. You can find examples of how to cite here: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html (链接到外部网站。)

Your paper must conform to the following style guidelines:

Title page with an image of the interior you are proposing and engaging title
Introductory paragraph with thesis statement, supporting evidence, conclusion
4-5 pages, including footnotes and bibliography (but excluding the title page)
Times New Roman, 12 pt. font
Double-spaced text, single-spaced footnotes with 1 inch margins
Pages numbered
Double-check spelling, grammar and punctuation
A reproduction image of your interior (on the title page)
[supanova_question]

Required Resources Read/review the following resources for this activity: Contemporary World History

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity: Contemporary World History

Textbook: Chapter 9, 10

Minimum of 2 scholarly sources (in addition to the textbook)

Instructions
For this assignment, analyze the space race.

What did it mean for the U.S. and USSR during the Cold War?

Is the space program still relevant?

Is it worth the cost, considering the growing debt?

How does the space program benefit the U.S. national economy in general?

How does it benefit the world?

Is space exploration the domain of the world’s leading nations?

Writing Requirements (APA format)

Length: 2-3 pages (not including title page or references page)

1-inch margins

Double spaced

12-point Times New Roman font

Title page

References page

Reference:

Duiker, W. J. (2015). Contemporary world history (6th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.[supanova_question]

2 Nathaniel Chaffin ART-101 6/30/21 Historic Context Essay Square-headed was known as

This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan 2

Nathaniel Chaffin

ART-101

6/30/21

Historic Context Essay

Square-headed was known as the most costly and perfected female jewelry used in the fifth and sixth centuries by some communities in North Germany, which introduced the transformation of culture and art. Women who used the jewels were from high social status and wealthy backgrounds. Scandinavia is the origin of square-headed brooches, where they evolved from semicircular-headed brooches. There were two brooches during the early days of the Anglo-Saxon era: circular brooch and long brooch. A fabulous square-headed brooch is a classification of the long or bow brooches and small- long brooch and radiate-headed brooch. Other categories of long brooch include; radiate- headed and cruciform. The circular brooch was created in the early sixth century by Kent Jewells. During the Anglo-Saxon era in England, zippers and buttons were yet to be invented, and women’s clothes were chained with brooches or pins (Harrington, 2020). Many brooches that were used in Anglo-Saxon in England universal and drifted from Europe. With time the styles advanced in England. Fabulous square-headed brooch is a niello and a fine silver-gilt and the most attractive brooch among the brooches which have survived.

The brooch was found in 1855 by George Hillier. It was in a woman’s grave consisting of other pendants such as a waist buckle, a pair of tweezers, and an iron knife. The square-headed brooch represents the small brooches group that reflects the influence of Scandinavia. The brooch piece was made of silver on the front surface, just like predecessors of Scandinavia. Anglo- Saxon art experienced a lot of changes, but storytelling and puzzles never faded away. During the fifth and sixth centuries, the art style known as Style 1 was typical. It was specified by dizzying jumble limb of animal and face mask where specified scholars name the style” animal salad.” The silver-gilt, referred to as a square-headed brooch discovered from a female, is an example of Style 1 art.

The medieval art period lasted from the fifth century. It started during the fall of the Western Empire and changed into the Renaissance and age of discovery when Europe was facing a barren period. Today people have a favorable view of medieval art. The main aim of medieval art was to illustrate Catholicism which was spread in Europe. Many of the medieval artwork was made in cathedrals. Most arts during Middle Ages were covered with themes and subjects of the catholic religion.

Fabulous square-headed brooch is made of copper alloy, and they measure 100-150mm long, which makes them heavy. It has a silvering and tinning surface treatment. The brooch is primarily found in high-status female graves. The Style 1 form of decoration was commonly applied during the fifth and sixth centuries. The brooch shows the preferences of Anglo-Saxon elaborated decorations, and it stressed beautiful animal forms. The style was primarily found in northern Europe and China. The artists of the early Iron era used the style one technique to show the beauty in their art. They made the brooches according to the owner’s requests and preferences. The art, square-headed brooch During the early middle era, when the Roman empire was declining, Europe was under power and ruled by many kingdoms. Catholic faith characterized the life of the Middle Ages.

Women wore brooches in Anglo-Saxon, which symbolized social status and cultural identity (Brooks & D.A, 2020). In the sixth century, a great square-headed brooch was regarded as part of women’s wear. Great square-headed brooches were associated with only the wealthy or the women from high status. The brooches women were honored and treated as the source of beauty when wearing a beautiful jewel. The role of the decorations was to hold the garment’s edges and tighten the loose clothing flaps. Archeological evidence shows that brooches were not available often as other accessories. At the time of historical development, the making of the great square-headed brooch promoted social change. Brooches were grouped into parts of social ideas that categorized economic standing and social understanding during historical development. The most attractive aspect concerning the art of the 6th century is Anglo- Saxon collection. The artist made the collection with a tangled design that brings out the beauty of the art, attracting many. The Anglo-Saxon group involves; buckles, decorative metals as well as other beautiful brooches. The artist designed the craft in a specific manner intending to give the current generation the clues of the kind of life of the original holders. The fabulous square-headed brooch from Chessell Down was commonly associated with a comfortable life, and the art has a style related to the object found in Kent. However, it is not a typical type of Keith.; This is because the outer part of the square-headed brooch is made of decorated scrolls.

The brooch has anthropoidal feet at the Centre and two extended years of style, one at the sides. The artist’s role in society was to install values, bring changes of opinion, and translate experience. They used sculptures and art to keep and maintain society’s culture even for the coming generation. Art is regarded as the store of the memories of a society. Since Christian religion was the funding the most of medieval art, it was a religious deed. During this decade’s artwork included innovations from Roman Empire old remains and fresh creativities from the Gothic countries that led to Rome’s downfall. During the Anglo-Saxon, there were no buttons; thus, people had to use brooches to tighten their clothes. The silver-gilt brooch discovered in Ise of Weight revealed the artist’s creation of his available material and contemporary art. The presence of materials and the artist knowing art motivated them to create beautiful brooches as decoration to be used in society, especially by women. The brooch has animal scroll drawings placed between the head frame panels. The animal-like fashions carved on the brooch bring out the fantasy of ornamentation. Brooches were used as women’s decorations and a sign of wealth and class in society. It was assumed that only the wealthy or those with high standards were able to afford the brooches. Apart from fascinating women’s clothes, the brooches were also used to fasten cloaks. For men, the brooches were used with belt buckles on their clothes.

The fact that the great square-headed broach is a stunning jewel implies that it is an object that indicates detailed view and great art. It has iron at the back, which contributes to its durability. The strong materials used by craftsmen to create the brooch were quality which contributes to its aesthetic nature. At the front of the great square-headed brooch is craved marvelously, including the three surfaces. In the sixth century owning a brooch was valuable, and a woman was given a different class and was every woman’s hope. The great square-headed brooch is fascinating since it is decorated with beautiful animal scrolls. Multiple layers cover the brooch, which symbolic animal meaning; it tells the history of the sixth century. The Anglo-Saxons wore brooches like a safety pin for their clothes. They also wore brooches to look amazing and beautiful and alert others that it was necessary. Not every Anglo-Saxon migrated to Britain to fight. Many were women who only wanted to build a good family and settle. The land in Britain seemed fertile compared to their land, which gave them a chance to grow crops. The Anglo-Saxons consisted of highly skilled craftsmen and women and made attractive jewelry, paintings, and musical instruments. There are various reasons why Anglo- Saxon decorated their jewels; the decorations made the brooches look nice and meet the desires of the people. The number of ornaments in a brooch showed others how the person wearing it is necessary and rich. It also had various ethical, magical, social, or religious meanings.

The meanings are hard to understand in the recent century and can only be guessed. Another type of decoration had a distinct; for instance, the faces and animals craved on brooches might have portrayed the myths of the Anglo-Saxons. Artisans from Kent started using their unique styles to create brooches. In the late Anglo- Saxon era, the Asante became fashionable in England after shifting from Europe. There was the presence of metalwork in Anglo-Saxon love riddles, which told the story of their history. British museums have kept the history of the Anglo-Saxons. Many people in a recent generation can study the craved designs of many buckles, brooches, and other pieces of decorated metalwork. The storytelling portrayed the work of beauty that existed in the past.

The overall objective generated by the square-headed brooch summons a reflective art outlook. After doing my research, I discovered that the drawings of animals craved in square-headed brooch surfaces are denoted in most Anglo-Saxon brooches. Anglo Saxons loved to share riddles that involved their art motivated them more to draw many categories of their art. Most of the art of the Anglo Saxons was made of hard silver, which made the arts stay longer even after the owner’s era ends.; this is evident because the great square-headed brooch was found years later in a different era. Most wealthy people owned the brooches; thus, when they passed away, most brooches were found in their graves; This shows that great work of art can remain in history for decades, but it is also vital to preserving the art the culture. For example, a great square-headed brooch was found in a grave of a wealthy woman. Anglo Saxons kept the piece as a sign of their culture and history. The pieces are now shown in British museums, and people admire the decorated art and metalwork created during the past Centuries.

REFERENCES

Brooks, D. A. (2020). The theory and methodology of classifications of the fifth and sixth centuries AD in Anglo-Saxon England with reference to great square-headed brooches. University of London, University College London (United Kingdom).

Harrington, S. (2020). A Well-Married Landscape: Networks of Association and 6th-Century Communities on the Isle of Wight. In The Land of the English Kin (pp. 95-111). Brill.[supanova_question]

Required Resources No specific resources are required for this activity. Conduct general

Required Resources
No specific resources are required for this activity. Conduct general research and/or skim the textbook to help you select a topic.

Introduction
You will work on a research project for the duration of this course that you will deliver as a presentation in Week 8. For this project, select a person whom you believe had significant influence (positive or negative) on a movement for social, economic, and/or political change in the 20th and 21st centuries. Explore and address the following in your project:

Summarize the person’s ideas.

How did the ideas or changes affect the establishment and status quo?

What was the context in which this person proposed ideas/change?

How did the government or the people respond to the ideas/change?

What sort of following or support did he/she have?

How have the ideas/actions of the person influenced contemporary cultures and ideas?

For the final presentation, make sure to go beyond the surface information and go into depth about the person you are researching.

Here is a brief breakdown of the project so that you can plan your time in the course:

Week

Task

Week 3

Topic Selection

Week 5

Annotated Bibliography

Week 6

Script

Week 8

Presentation

Instructions
For the assignment this week, address the following:

State the topic.

For the stated issue, identify at least three (3) aspects of the issue that you think you will likely develop in your presentation. Briefly state why you have chosen each aspect.

You are not confined to three aspects only, but you must develop at least three. As you develop your presentation, you may find other aspects that you deem more relevant, and you may add or substitute those.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

Length: 1-2 paragraphs

1-inch margins

Double spaced

12-point Times New Roman font

Title page

References page (as needed)[supanova_question]

Historical Analysis Essay During the 1800s and early 1900s there was still

Historical Analysis Essay

During the 1800s and early 1900s there was still a very high amount of racism still going around. African Americans would get beat in the middle of the street for nothing. It’s almost like the people back then didn’t even think of them as humans and that they had their own lives. Not only was the thinking back then wrong but it was also very unorthodox compared to today. From the passing of the “Jim Crow Laws” to the “Dred Scott Decision”, there was constant undermining and torture of African Americans at the time.

What we should ask ourselves is: How did the Jim Crow Laws and segregation affect African American’s education in Boston?[supanova_question]

Statistics Question

Complete all of the questions in bold on the PDFs on a separate document. Answer them in detail with at least 3 complete sentences for each when possible. Also, complete the full excel sheet and all of its parts according to the instructions on the attached PDFs. COMPLETE AND DOCUMENT ALL OF YOUR WORK DONE TO GET AN ANSWER. EVERYTHING NEEDS TO BE WORKED OUT AND DOCUMENTED. Some data need to be graphed where mentioned in the instructions (instructions below for requirements)
Graphs (need to be set up in Excel)Independent = X (18 pt. , black)
Dependent = Y (18 pt. , black)
Legend (16 pt. , black)
Numerical values for X and Y (14 pt., black)
Bar graph should be in black with black border and white with black border (do under Format Data Series)Gap width = 50%

[supanova_question]

bus310 strayer

As an HR Manager, part of your job is to analyze the staffing levels within the organization. You have to hire to fill one position within the organization. You can choose the organizational position you currently work or a future position. For this assignment, create a new position and write a description of the needs it fills in the organization, the job description, and the compensation and benefits package.
You will create and submit your assignment by using the ecree link. Just click on the link, and start writing. Your work will be saved automatically. You’ll see some feedback on the right-hand side of the screen, including text and videos to help guide you in the writing process. When you’re ready, you can turn in your assignment by clicking Submit at the bottom of the page.
Click the assignment link to start your assignment in ecree. Please note that ecree works best in Firefox and Chrome.
Write a 5–7 paragraph paper in which you:
Explain three or four job components in the job description and specifications for the job.
Explain what will be included in the compensation and benefits package related to the job.
Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course.
Include at least one reference to support your paper.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Outline the requirements for a new position, including a job description and the compensation and benefits package.

done
Seen
5 mins ago[supanova_question]

1 History 204: Reading Worksheet, Assignment 3 Athens and Sparta readings (Aristotle,

1

History 204: Reading Worksheet, Assignment 3

Athens and Sparta readings (Aristotle, Xenophon)

DIRECTIONS: Please respond to each of the following questions, some of which may have multiple parts. Note that you need to write 75 words per response in order to qualify for full credit!

1. Section 42 (XLII): What does Aristotle tell us about how to qualify as a citizen at Athens? How does the citizenship registration process work? List three important facts:

2. Sections 43–50 (XLIII–L): What was the Boule? How many members did it have? List some of the important functions of this entity:

3. Sections 50–51 (XLVIII–LI): Who were the Receivers? the Superintendents of Markets?

4. Section 52 (LII): Who were the Eleven? List some of the types of court cases one might see at Athens:

5. Sections 55–58 (LV–LVIII): Who were the Archons? List some of their duties.

6. Section 60 (LX): List three facts concerning the regulation of athletic contests at Athens:

7. Section 61 (LXI): What does Aristotle tell us about the selection and function of the Athenian military?

8. Sections 63–69 (LXIII–LXIX): Here begins Aristotle’s discussion of how voting works in Athenian courts. Highlight three of the most important elements of the process:

9. Describe three elements of the Spartan education system (Xenophon)

10. What was the Spartan attitude towards money (Xenophon)? Give three details.

11. List three facts about the Spartan military (Xenophon):

12. List three facts about the Spartan king (Xenophon):[supanova_question]

This is a group discussion so interact and discuss this discussion question with your fellow

This is a group discussion so interact and discuss this discussion question with your fellow student group members! Chapter 15 points out a lot of scary risks inherent in real estate. People get sick. People accidentally fall down, and then sue property owners; people fall down on purpose, and then sue property owners. People bring dogs to the properties, and then the dog bites someone. Fires can start and burn the building down, crimes occur, and on it goes. Here is our story for this group discussion exercise: Robert Solberg is an institutional real estate investor and is looking for a property management company to manage and lease his firm’s mixed-use shopping center and apartment building in Windsor, CA (similar to Santa Row in San Jose). He interviews you and your property management company for a possible two-year contract. The meeting is held over lunch on California Street at the top of the Bank of America building in San Francisco. In the interview, you are asked what you think the most important risks are and how you and your company would go about managing those risks for this mixed-use property. As you finish your last bite of sushi, he waits for your answer.[supanova_question]

exercise 4

Students are required to address three parts in the main body of this essay and content details are as blow: 1. Summarise the history of the exchange rate regime of a particular country; 2. Discuss three relationships that describe the behaviour of exchange rate (CIP, PPP, IFE); 3. Estimate the PPP between a particular country and the US. (Students need to collect monthly data for not less than 5 years to complete this part of the essay
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please read the instructions

You have to create a small website based on an idea you will choose. The number of students in each group should be 3 students. You must make your own group and send the list of the students to your respective instructor latest by end of week-6 (14th Oct. 2021)
In this project, you should design and develop a website using HTML and CSS. (10 Marks)
[supanova_question]

This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan

This semester, you have watched and listened to several presentations written and produced by scholars, members of the Khan

The goal is how these photo-essays display how Americans saw themsleves when they looked at South Africa….Use the PHOTO Essay

The goal is how these photo-essays display how Americans saw themsleves when they looked at South Africa….Use the PHOTO Essay. The goal is how these photo-essays display how Americans saw themsleves when they looked at South Africa….Use the PHOTO Essay.

The goal is how these photo-essays display how Americans saw themsleves when they looked at South Africa….Use the PHOTO Essays only MAINLY!!!!! and use some of the books I send.

USE ANYTHING FROM THIS LINK AND THEN USE (CNTRL F) TO FIND ANYTHING ABOUT SOUTH AFRICA AND PHOTO ESSAYS: http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?scriipt=sci_arttext[supanova_question]

The goal is how these photo-essays display how Americans saw themsleves when they looked at South Africa….Use the PHOTO Essay

The goal is how these photo-essays display how Americans saw themsleves when they looked at South Africa….Use the PHOTO Essay

This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that

This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that. This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that.

This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that this began with Kalama Oʻahu in 1971 and the peoples fight to protect the lands against urbanization and development. The collective effort to preserve the land rights of local people in a valley on Oʻahu’s east end would be remembered long after as the spark that ingrained the modern Hawaiian Movement.

Trask states that “land claims first appeared, as in Kalama Valley, as community-based assertions for the preservation of agriculture land against resort and subdivision use. By the mid 1970s, these claims had broadened to cover military-controlled lands and trust lands specifically set aside for Hawaiians by the U.S. Congress but used by non-beneficiaries.”

An ongoing series of land struggles throughout the decade of the seventies that was destined to change the consciousness of Hawaiʻi’s people, especially the native people. And the Hawaiian movement that began as a battle for land rights would evolve by 1980, into a larger struggle for native Hawaiian autonomy.

This renaissance was critical to the perpetuation of Hawaiian culture through various initiatives including the protection of sacred lands by the efforts of the Protect Kahoʻolawe ʻOhana. The video Kaho’olawe Aloha ‘Āina focuses on the cultural, political and military significance of the little-known “target island” of Kaho’olawe in the Hawaiian archipelago. The Hawaiian term aloha ‘āina refers to love of the land, the basis of Hawaiian cultural belief and the force that animates the current movement to bring the island back to life. This video, produced by the Protect Kaho’olawe ‘Ohana, traces the history of the island, from ancient times through the years of ranching, U.S. military bombardment, and the modern-day struggle to stop the bombing and reclaim the island.

Our Questions are based on the reading and video in the module.

Who were the first supporters to come to the aid of the people and the cause of Kalama? And what are your thoughts on this?
As the first prolonged resistance effort in the post-Statehood era, Kalama Valley undercut the euphoric characterization of “the New Hawaiʻi” as an enlightened post-plantation society governed by consensus politics where pluralism rather than oligarchy reigned. Capitalism in the form of the tourist industry had not brought a more suitable share of at the pie but had, instead, resulted in rapid over development, a severe housing shortage, rising underemployment, increasing racial tensions, and the loss of prime agricultural land. The struggle at Kalama Valley gave eloquent voice to these issues and foretold a current of resistance for more than a decade to come.

After reading this article, what are your thoughts on development and how does this struggle mirror what you see today in Hawaiʻi.
What is one example of the concept of national defense given by the members of PKO (use names) and how are the different from the U.S. Military?
Identify two points of interest from the video:

One that added/reinforced a point of view that you already held…
One that changed/expanded your point of view, explain…

VIDEO LINK: https://youtu.be/0OpOm6m3SVU
[supanova_question]

Assignment Objective To complete a population-based health program plan by utilizing the

Assignment Objective

To complete a population-based health program plan by utilizing the MAP-IT framework (Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, & Track).  This framework can be used to plan and evaluate public health interventions to achieve Healthy People 2020 objectives.

Assignment Overview

The student will develop a PowerPoint presentation based on the MAP-IT framework, presenting the population-based health program planning process for their chosen community.  In the presentation, the student will cover all aspects of the MAP-IT framework (mobilization of community stakeholders/partners within the community; assessment of the needs of your community; creation and implementation of a plan to reach the Healthy People 2020 objectives; and plan to track the community’s progress).  In order to develop this plan, students will use information they have gathered through from prior assignment (their CHA, key informants interviews, and educational activity plan/implementation).

Step 1. 

For guidance, students will review HealthyPeople.gov  Program Planning MAP-IT:  A Guide to Using Healthy People 2020 in Your Community. 

Step 2.

Students will develop a PowerPoint presentation (maximum of 19 slides, not including title and reference slides) that includes the following:

Title Slide and reference page(s)

Introduction of Chosen Community (1 slide)

Describe the Community to include geographical location, population size, ethnicity, income level, education level, and any other socio-demographic characteristics you feel are pertinent. 

Mobilize (maximum of 1-2 slides)

Identify the key informants/stakeholders/partners within community.  These are the community members and/or organizations who have a stake in creating a healthy community and who can contribute to the process.

Identify and describe the roles and responsibilities these key stakeholders/partners play within the community.  

In what ways could they facilitate community health program planning? For example, could they offer input through meetings, events, or advisory groups; assist in the development and presentation of education and training programs; lead fundraising and policy initiatives; provide technical assistance in planning or evaluation, etc.?

Assess (maximum of 3-4 slides)

State the important facts/assessment data you have discovered on the community.

How does the physical environment affect the health of your community (for example, water and air quality, availability of safe walking paths or sidewalks, housing standards)?

How does access to health services affect the health of your community?

How do biology and genetics affect the health of your community?

How does the social environment affect the health of your community (for example: income level, education level, unemployment, language)?

How does individual behavior affect the health of your community?

What do community members and key stakeholders see as the most important issues?

Assess both needs and assets (resources) in your community (This will help you get a sense of what you can do, versus what you would like to do).

What resources are available?

What resources are needed?

Consider feasibility, effectiveness, and measurability as you determine community priorities.

Plan (maximum of 3-4 slides)

Based on your assessment data, what is the priority problem to be addressed within the community?  Provide rationale.  How does the problem within community compare to other communities/towns/cities, state, and/or the nation.

Describe your target population (who is most affected by the priority problem and who will benefit from interventions?).

Who are the specific community stakeholders (individuals and/or organizations) who should be involved in the planning process to address the specific priority problem?

What is the  goal of your health program (long range direction)?  What is needed to reach the goal?  Who will do it?  How will you know that the goal is achieved?  Relate back to Healthy People 2020 objectives.

What are the program  objective(s).  Related to the priority problem in the community, identify at least one SMART objective (Specific, Measurable, Attainable/Achievable, Relevant, and Time bound) for your community.

For the objective on your slide, include/list:

Your SMART objective,

Target Condition,

Current Condition (Baseline), and

Relate your objective to the specific  Healthy People 2020 Objectives

Note:  Be sure and review  CDC Writing SMART Objectives.  It also gives you guidance on identifying and writing goals and objectives.  Utilize the objective template it provides on p. 5.

Implement (maximum of 3-4 slides)

List and describe a total of two interventions you plan to implement or have implemented based on your assessment data and evidence based practice literature. One of the interventions should be your educational activity that you already implemented.

Be specific when describing interventions: 

What is the strategy for each intervention?  Connect your intervention strategy you are using with evidence based practice.

How do the interventions provide information and enhance skills?

Does it modify access, barriers, exposures, opportunities?  If so, how?

Does it enhance services and supports?  If so, how?

Does it modify policies and broader systems?  If so, how?

Who is responsible for completing?

What is the timeline/deadline?

How will you get the word out?  See Clark textbook p. 274-277 on Social Marketing, Branding, and Tailoring.

Track (maximum of 3-4 slides)

Based on your goal, identify how you will measure if your goal was met?

Based on your specific objective(s), identify how you will measure if your objective was met? 

Based on your two interventions described above, how will you specifically measure if the interventions were effective?

How will you share the evaluation results with the community?  For example, if you see a positive trend in data, will you issue a press release or announcement?

Reference Slide (include 3 or more references)

https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-and-resources/program-planning/Track

https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/evaluate/evaluation/evaluation-plan/main

https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/evaluate/evaluate-community-initiatives/monitor-progress/main

https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives

https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-and-resources/Program-Planning[supanova_question]

1 RESEARCH PAPER HEADER Research Paper Title First Name Last Name New

This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that 1

RESEARCH PAPER HEADER

Research Paper Title

First Name Last Name

New Jersey City University

FES344 Psychosocial Aspects of Sport

Prof. Luis Torres

December 12, 2021

Research Paper Title

Introduction

Dr. Denise Seigart and Dr. Elizabeth Wise provided their doctoral students with various opportunities to thoroughly evaluate various management and leadership models within a variety of healthcare settings throughout the Spring 2021 semester in the course, “HLSC715 Analysis of Management Within Health Sciences.” Many of the associated responsibilities of healthcare managers and leaders such as strategic planning, marketing, quality and performance improvement, and patient experience were highlighted in heightened detail. Two well-structured case studies (the Carter Racing case study and the Mount Everest Case Study) were presented and used for the start of discussion points around the concepts of decision making, biased thinking habits, and problem solving. Lastly, a multitude of healthcare disparities within the United States and probable solutions were appropriately discussed. The purpose of this paper is to provide a synthesis of the material that was addressed in this course throughout the semester by answering three questions related to healthcare management and leadership.

Importance of Strategic Planning

Strategic planning serves as the most important responsibility for contemporary healthcare managers and leaders in the current health industry. Buchbinder et al. (2019) define strategic planning as, “the process of identifying a desired future state for an organization and a means to achieve it.” This process provides healthcare managers and leaders the unmatched ability to determine the future direction of their associated organizations through a careful analysis of program strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The practice of strategic planning is built to occur on a yearly basis, and it is centered around the concept of continual improvement in an environment that is constantly evolving (Buchbinder et al., 2019). Healthcare managers and leaders need to be able implement annual strategic planning processes for their organizations to meet the constraints of a lean economy, rapidly changing technologies, and an unprecedented need to provide quality services at affordable prices (Schwartz & Cohn, 2002). Schwartz and Cohn (2002) contend that strategic planning differs from traditional, long-range institutional planning in that it is significantly much more detailed in its ability to define organizational missions, identify organizational directions, develop unified organizational approaches, prioritize short-term and long-term goals, assign accountability, and allocate financial resources.

Perera and Peiro (2012) further interpret strategic planning as, “the set of decision-making criteria and decisions taken and implemented by an organization to definitively and permanently guide its activities and structures.” Healthcare managers and leaders must play a key role in the pivotal decisions made by their organizations for their organizations to be successful; these individuals have unique knowledge of patient needs, services, and industry trends specific to their area of responsibility that are important to consider in the strategic planning process (Buchbinder et al., 2019). Healthcare managers and leaders are not able to complete their responsibilities tied to marketing, quality and performance improvement, financial management, human resources, healthcare regulation, and patient experience if an effective strategic plan is not set. Although all the responsibilities that healthcare managers and leaders maintain are important, strategic planning provides a foundational backbone that illuminates how all additional responsibilities should and must be prioritized within an organization. Additionally, strategic planning allows healthcare managers and leaders to spend more time thinking about both the controllable and uncontrollable factors that will naturally influence the future success of their organizations (Buchbinder et al., 2019).

The primary asset associated with strategic planning is its ability to serve as a dynamic process in an ever-changing health industry. Perera and Peiro (2012) suggest the process of strategic planning to be one that is programmable, systematic, rational, holistic, timely, and capable of allowing healthcare leadership to focus on relevant and lasting transformations for the future. As previously alluded to, strategic planning permits healthcare managers and leaders to present their employees and colleagues with SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analyses that serve as tangible agents for change during workplace meetings. Strategic planning also assists healthcare leadership in determining the mission, vision, and value (MVV) statements that are linked to their organizations; the development of adequate and appropriate MVV statements further impacts aspects of marketing and patient experience responsibilities. Through strategic planning, healthcare managers and leaders can expand upon their versatility by potentially collecting essential data through interviews, focus groups, and surveys from both patient and provider perspectives. In short, strategic planning is the most important responsibility of contemporary healthcare managers and leaders considering the fluidity and constant growth of the health industry. The effectiveness of handling responsibilities such as marketing, quality and performance improvement, financial management, human resource management, healthcare regulation, and patient experience are largely determined by the initial development of a strategic plan on the part of healthcare managers and leaders.

Carter Racing v. Mount Everest

Decision makers are often uncertain about one or more probabilities of interest in selecting the preferred course of action when critical decisions are required to be made (Borgonovo & Marinacci, 2015). Various points of comparison and contrast can be made in relation to the Carter Racing case study presented by Brittain and Sitkin (1989) and the Mount Everest case study presented by Roberto and Carioggia (2003). There were clear similarities and differences among the critical decision making and biased thinking habits present within the individuals in these two separate case studies. In the Carter Racing case study, Pat Carter, a member of the Carter Racing team, needed to decide whether he should race his car in the Pocono race after receiving some information that may have been suggestive of the potential danger of facing a gasket failure during the race. In the Mount Everest case study, two teams of climbers, led by esteemed and respected climbers, Rob Hall and Scott Fisher, were met with disaster and death after a failure to appropriately plan and consider the true risks associated with an attempt to climb Mount Everest. Both sets of individuals faced the necessity to make a critical decision that impacted the lives of various personnel; however, they approached their preparation prior their respective needed critical decision through contrasting styles.

In some respects, Pat Carter displayed a servant leadership style in how he prioritized the importance of the Pocono race to the entire Carter Racing company. Buchbinder et al. (2019) believe that a servant leader is largely motivated by a desire to serve others and ideals that are closely tied to a collaborative spirit. Although financial incentives were apparent in this case study, Mr. Carter encouraged collaboration among his team members by asking his business partner, the engine mechanic, and the chief mechanic for their input on the situation. The information that Mr. Carter collected in the end was not necessarily definite or factually proven, but it was representative of the feedback and concerns expressed by the various members of his team. Having incomplete information proves especially problematic in situations where critical decisions may severely impact the lives of other individuals. As seen in the Mount Everest case study as well, a culture of safety served as a challenge to the leadership exhibited by Mr. Carter, further complicating the matter. Furthermore, it can be argued that his desire for the potential financial and public growth opportunities of the Carter Racing company based on the results of the Pocono race further clouded his thinking habits, perhaps creating a bias in his ability to consider the safety of his team appropriately; similar biased thinking habits were displayed by both Rob Hall and Scott Fisher in the Mount Everest case study.

Experts in both mountaineering and human behavior have attributed the 1996 Mount Everest tragedy to a host of factors such as changes in the climbing culture, narcissistic personality characteristics, and over-crowding (Burnette et al., 2011). Mangione and Nelson (2003) have even suggested that the act of scapegoating may have undermined the effectiveness of the two climbing teams. Rob Hall displayed a coercive leadership style in how he referred to most of the climbers on Mount Everest as “incompetent” and boasted a hopeful 100% success rate in reaching the summit to convince other climbers of his exceptional guiding abilities as a lead climber. Even more problematic, Mr. Hall (for the most part) relied on using elements of personality and prestige as opposed to individual skills and traits in choosing members of his team. For example, Hall selected Doug Hansen, a member of his 1996 expedition team, simply because he had been unable to previously prove that he could guide him to the summit of Mount Everest in a previous expedition. Similarly, Scott Fisher argued that climbing experience was overrated, resulting in the inclusion of several individuals who had not spent much time in high altitude on his team. As Buchbinder et al. (2019) summarize, coercive leaders often use power and influence to get a desired response from a follower or potential follower.

Issues associated with oxygen and supply delivery, language barriers, and weather-related concerns further complicated the decisions that had to be made by Rob Hall and Scott Fisher. Ineffective staffing, poor planning, and a need for prestige clouded the thinking habits of these two men, thus leading them to develop a false sense of invulnerability in their expedition. They failed to acknowledge a sound culture of safety as an imperative challenge to their leadership styles. Although inherent risk will always be present in the attempt to climb Mount Everest, both Hall and Fisher failed in their abilities to strongly consider the safety of their team members and minimize risk as much as humanly possible. Conclusively, although both sets of individuals faced a difficult critical decision with potentially fatal consequences, Pat Carter was, at the very least, better equipped to make his decision due to the more qualified team around him and his willingness to incorporate the feedback of others.

Healthcare Disparities in the United States

The notion that an enormous amount of healthcare disparities exist within the United States is a vast understatement. Racial disparities in life expectancy serve as key indicators of inequity in U.S. health outcomes; for instance, African Americans face higher death rates at younger ages from heart disease, diabetes, and cancer, as well as higher risks for HIV infection, homicide, and infant mortality when compared to their White American counterparts (Ayanian, 2012). Betancourt et al. (2003) suggest that multiple sociocultural barriers are present among the organizational, structural, and clinical levels of healthcare. They claim that healthcare systems and structural processes of care are shaped by the leadership that designs them and the workforce that carries them out at the organizational level; minority individuals are vastly underrepresented within health professions and healthcare management when compared to their majority counterparts. Structural barriers arise when patients are faced with the challenge of obtaining healthcare from systems that are complex, underfunded, bureaucratic, or archaic in design; individuals living in low socioeconomic communities are among those most exposed to these systems. Clinical barriers occur when the sociocultural differences between patients and providers are not fully accepted, appreciated, explored, or understood. More recently, African and Hispanic Americans have been shown to be at a greater risk for COVID-19 infection, hospitalization, and death than White Americans in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). Contemporary researchers have universally supported the claim that African and Hispanic Americans bear a disproportionate burden of COVID-19-related outcomes in comparison to White Americans (Greenaway et al., 2020; Gross et al., 2020; Hooper et al., 2020; Laurencin & McClinton, 2020; Raine et al., 2020; Selden & Berdahl, 2020; Shippee et al., 2020).

Healthcare managers and leaders should focus on adopting relevant, culturally competent models of care in their treatment of minority groups to combat racial disparities in life expectancy, alleviate sociocultural barriers to healthcare, and bridge the COVID-19 effect gap. The models expressed by both Campinha-Bacote (2002) and Betancourt et al. (2003) serve as ideal solutions to some of the concerns raised by current researchers. Campinha-Bacote finds cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skill, cultural encounters, and cultural desire to be the five constructs that embody her Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services model. Betancourt et al. also discusses the importance of developing a culturally competent model for healthcare service through the creation of their own model that identifies three types of sociocultural barriers to care (organizational, structural, clinical). Both Campinha-Bacote and Betancourt et al. agree that growing global diversity fosters an immense need for cultural competence in healthcare; however, Campinha-Bacote focuses her model on the behavioral changes that healthcare providers should seek to attain as opposed to barriers created by society. Additionally, Ayanian (2015) promotes the following five principles that serve as the next possible steps for healthcare managers and leaders in eliminating health disparities in the United States: (1) provide insurance coverage and access to high-quality care for all Americans, (2) promote a diverse healthcare workforce, (3) deliver patient-centered care, (4) maintain accurate, complete race and ethnicity data to monitor disparities and care, and (5) set measurable goals for improving quality of care and ensure an equitable achievement of said goals. Healthcare managers and leaders can seek to hire and train future employees who embody these principles in the current health industry.

Conclusion

This paper, through a comprehensive explanation of the answers to three provided questions, provided a synthesis of the material that was addressed in this course throughout the semester. Strategic planning was explained as the most important responsibility that healthcare managers and leaders carry in the current health industry. Leaderships styles and challenges to leadership associated with critical decision making and biased thinking habits were analyzed for points of comparison and contrast in the Carter Racing and Mount Everest case studies. Lastly, a brief, but effective, summary of racial disparities in life expectancy, sociocultural barriers to healthcare, and the COVID-19 effect gap were discussed as current health disparities in the United States. Dr. Seigart and Dr. Wise have successfully provided their doctoral students with a unique and much-valued insight into the complexity and importance of healthcare managers and leaders.

References

Ayanian, J. Z. (2015, October 1). The costs of racial disparities in health care. Retrieved May 4,

2021, from https://hbr.org/2015/10/the-costs-of-racial-disparities-in-health-care

Betancourt, J. R., Green, A. R., Carrillo, J. E., & Ananeh-Firepong, O. (2003). Defining cultural

competence: a practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care. Public Health Reports, 118(1), 293-302.

Borgonovo, E., & Marinacci, M. (2015). Decision analysis under ambiguity. European Journal

of Operational Research, 15(1), 1-35. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2015.02.001

Brittain, J., & Sitkin, S. (1989). Carter Racing – A. Delta Leadership, Inc.

Buchbinder, S., Shanks, N., & Kite, B. (2019). Introduction to healthcare management (4th ed.).

Jones & Bartlett.

Burnette, J. L., Pollack, J. M., & Forsyth, D. R., (2011). Leadership in extreme contexts: A

groupthink analysis of the May 1996 Mount Everest disaster. Journal of Leadership Studies, 4(4), 29-40. doi:10.0002/jls.20190

Campinha-Bacote, J. (2002). The process of cultural competence in the delivery of healthcare

services: a model of care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(3), 181-184.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 18). Risk for COVID-19 infection,

hospitalization, and death by race/ethnicity. Retrieved February 22, 2021, from

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/covid-data/investigations-

discovery/hospitalization-death-by-race-ethnicity.html

Greenaway, C., Hargreaves, S., Barkati, S., Coyle, C. M., Gobbi, F., Veizis, A., & Douglas, P.

(2020). COVID-19: exposing and addressing health disparities among ethnic minorities

and migrants. Journal of Travel Medicine, 1(1), 1-3. doi:10.1093/jtm/taaa113

Gross, C. P., Essien, U. R., Pasha, S., Gross, J. R., Wang, S., & Nunez-Smith, M. (2020). Racial

and ethnic disparities in population-level COVID-19 mortality. Journal of General

Internal Medicine, 35(10), 3097-3099. doi:10.1007/s11606-020-06081-w

Hooper, M. W., Napoles, A. M., & Perez-Stable, E. (2020). COVID-19 and racial/ethnic

disparities. Journal of the American Medical Association, 1(1), 1-2. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8598

Laurencin, C. T., & McClinton, A. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: a call to action to identify

and address racial and ethnic disparities. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities,

1(1), 1-5. doi:10.1007/s40615-020-00756-0

Mangione, L., & Nelson, D. (2003). The 1996 Mount Everest tragedy: Contemplation on group

process and group dynamics. International Journal of Psychotherapy, 53(1), 553-573.

Perera, F. R., & Peiro, M. (2012). Strategic planning in healthcare organizations. Revista

Espanola de Cariologia, 65(8), 749-754. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rec.2012.04.004

Raine, S., Liu, A., Wahood, W., Huntley, K., & Haffzulla, F. (2020). Racial and ethnic

disparities in COVID-19 outcomes: social determination of health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8115), 1 – 16. doi:10.3390/ijerph17218115

Roberto, M. A., & Carioggia, G. M. (2003). Mount Everest – 1996. Harvard Business School, 1-

22.

Schwartz, R. W., & Cohn, K. H. (2002). The necessity for physician involvement in strategic

planning in healthcare organizations. The American Journal of Surgery, 184(1), 269-278.

doi:10.1016/s0002-9610(02)00931-5 

Seldon, T. M., & Berdahl, T. A. (2020). COVID-19 and racial/ethnic disparities in health risk,

employment, and household composition. Health Affairs, 39(9), 1-6. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00897

Shippee, T. P., Akosionu, O., Ng, W., Woodhouse, M., Duan, Y., Thao, M. S., & Bowblis, J. R.

(2020). COVID-19 pandemic: exacerbating racial/ethnic disparities in long-term services and supports. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 1(1), 1-11. doi:10.1080/08959420.2020.1772004[supanova_question]

Name Fall 2021 Econ 2301 Expansion or Recession? Students will be analyzing

Name Fall 2021

Econ 2301

Expansion or Recession?

Students will be analyzing the current economic conditions and provide 3 policy recommendations that will either provide stability or maintain it. Based on a potential GDP of $25.3 trillion and a natural rate of unemployment of 4.3 %, research the tools you learned about in Unit 2 & 3 to help you analyze the health of the economy. Remember that policies can be Fiscal or Monetary.

You can use the links given to explain what an analytical essay is and how to compose one. https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/analytical-essay-outline/

Make sure to answer the following: (in the intro paragraph)

If the economy is experiencing an expansion or recession?

Is the economy below or above its potential GDP and Unemployment?

Is there inflation?

Are interest rates rising?

*Terms of the macroeconomic measures discussed in the course (GDP, unemployment, and inflation rates).

– Gather annual raw positive data from Bureau of Labor Statistics (https://www.bls.gov/), Bureau of Economic Analysis (https://www.bea.gov/), The Federal Reserve or other government agencies and departments.

– Use tables, graphs, and charts to present the data. The tables, graphs, and charts must be your own creation. Don’t copy and paste from an external source

*You will not need to cite for this information because these are positive statements.

Make sure to SUPPORT your 3 policy recommendations by providing similar examples either from history or examples currently being proposed by a politician or political party. Can be federal or state examples. *YOU WILL NEED to cite for this information because these are normative statements.

*Remember that a Conclusion paragraph is summarizing what you discovered and possibly why your recommendations were chosen. Maybe briefly discuss why you personally chose those policies.

General Guidelines:

Paper must be minimum of 1100 words long, typewritten, double-spaced, with 1” margins and 12pt. Times New Roman font. The paper must be written in essay format, using standard written English with a clear introduction and conclusion.

You must use at least 3 credible sources to support your policy ideas (avoid sites such as Wikipedia, Investopedia, EHow, yahoo answers, etc. You can contact me or a librarian if you are not sure about the credibility a source)

You must use APA-formatted in-text citations (It is important that you identify all items directly copied or paraphrased from other sources. Read TCCD’s policy on plagiarism)

You must include a reference/works cited page

This is a research paper

limit personal opinions on the issues except when asked

Do not copy and paste basic definitions of concepts and descriptions of theories from the textbook or other sources– show the applications of these concepts in the real world by focusing on items listed in the instruction

The major portion of the paper needs to be written in your own words

Submit your response as an MS-Word file via Canvas by the due date.[supanova_question]

This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that

This week, our module was focused on the Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement. Haunani Kay Trask argues that

Kaulana Nā Pua (Famous Are The Flowers) is a mele (song) written by Ellen Kehoʻohiwaokalani Wright Prendergast in January

Kaulana Nā Pua (Famous Are The Flowers) is a mele (song) written by Ellen Kehoʻohiwaokalani Wright Prendergast in January. Kaulana Nā Pua (Famous Are The Flowers) is a mele (song) written by Ellen Kehoʻohiwaokalani Wright Prendergast in January.

Kaulana Nā Pua (Famous Are The Flowers) is a mele (song) written by Ellen Kehoʻohiwaokalani Wright Prendergast in January of 1893, and published in 1895. This mele opposed the annexation of Hawaiʻi to the United States. The original title was Mele ʻAi Pohaku or The Stone-eating Song, and was also known as Mele Aloha ʻĀina or the Patriot’s Song. This song was composed as Prendergast was sitting in the garden of her father’s house in Kapālama. This mele voiced the unhappiness of the people at the takeover of the Hawaiian Kingdom. (Na Mele o Hawaiʻi Nei by Elbert [supanova_question]

Kaulana Nā Pua (Famous Are The Flowers) is a mele (song) written by Ellen Kehoʻohiwaokalani Wright Prendergast in January

Kaulana Nā Pua (Famous Are The Flowers) is a mele (song) written by Ellen Kehoʻohiwaokalani Wright Prendergast in January