In the form of a five paragraph essay (introduction with thesis sentence, three supporting topic paragraphs, conclusion with restatement)

In the form of a five paragraph essay (introduction with thesis sentence, three supporting topic paragraphs, conclusion with restatement).

In the form of a five paragraph essay (introduction with thesis sentence, three supporting topic paragraphs, conclusion with restatement) write an approximately 500 word response with one of the following conclusions:

Was the idea from the Enlightenment:

successful and continues to progress,
successful but is now eroding in contemporary society, and
a failure and was never fully realized.
Here are some examples:

Equality and the rights of marginalized groups and the movements as they developed in the 20th century.
The scientific method and the exploration of space. modern medicine, or other other endeavor that advances quality of life or expands human knowledge.
Wollstonecraft and the Feminism of the 21st Century.
Freedom of expression and whether Jonathan Swift could write a satire like “A Modest Proposal” in 2021.
Newtonian versus modern physics (Heisenberg, Schrodinger… as a worldview)
Enlightenment ideas (equality, progress, science, for example) and the horrors of 20th Century history (Holocaust, The Great Depression, World Wars)
All analysis should be original: your thoughts in your own words. Do not use material from sources other than the assigned course material.
https://youtu.be/NnoFj2cMRLY[supanova_question]

Module 04 Assignment Name: Chemical Equations Instructions: Write the word equations for

Module 04 Assignment

Name:

Chemical Equations

Instructions: Write the word equations for the chemical equations below and determine the type of reaction (synthesis/combination, decomposition, single-displacement, double-displacement, or combustion).

Instructions: Write the chemical equation for the word equations below and determine the type of reaction (synthesis/combination, decomposition, single-displacement, double-displacement, or combustion).

Copper plus silver nitrate yields silver plus copper(I) nitrate

Hydrochloric acid plus calcium carbonate yields calcium chloride plus water plus carbon dioxide

Iron plus octasulfur yields iron(II) sulfide

Potassium chlorate decomposed to potassium chloride plus oxygen

Sodium chloride plus Fluoride yields sodium fluoride plus chloride

Instructions: Balance the following reactions.

__FeCl3 + __ NaOH ? __ Fe(OH)3 + __ NaCl

Acids and Bases: Chemical Equations

Instructions: Predict the products of the following reactants.

______________________

______________________

______________________

______________________

_____________________________

_________________________

Gas Law

Instructions: Using the gas law constant R = 0.0821 , answer the following questions.

If 0.89 moles of gas is at a pressure of 4.7 atm and a volume of 22 liters, what is the temperature?

If an unknown quantity of gas is held at a temperature of 789 K in a container with a volume of 28.0 L and a pressure of 765 torr, how many moles of gas are there?

1.78 L of gas is at a pressure of 785 torr. What is the volume in liters (L) when the pressure decreases to 700.0 torr?

A container holds 500 mL of oxygen gas at a pressure of 1.3 atm and a temperature of 25 ?C. If the temperature increases to 22 ?C and the pressure increases to 2.0 atm, will the volume of the gas increase or decrease? What is the final volume of the gas in liters (L)?

A filled balloon has a volume of 5.6 L at 35 ?C and it is placed into liquid nitrogen at a temperature of -78 ?C. What is the new volume of the balloon?

The air all around us is a mixture of gasses containing nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. If the partial pressure of nitrogen is 5.6 atm, the partial pressure of oxygen is 828 mmHg, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is 652 torr, the partial pressure of argon is 0.017 atm, and the partial pressure of water vapor is 98.64 kPa. What is the total pressure in units of atmospheres (atm)?

Carbon dioxide is collected over water at a temperature of 35 °C. The pressure of water vapor at 35 ?C is 56.2 torr. The pressure of the collected gas (water vapor + carbon dioxide) has a pressure of 0.789 atm, what is the pressure of the carbon dioxide in atmospheres (atm)?[supanova_question]

psychology ng

In the form of a five paragraph essay (introduction with thesis sentence, three supporting topic paragraphs, conclusion with restatement) This discussion is lengthy and may be a bit uncomfortable. In many cultures, gender isn’t explicitly discussed but more of an implied concept with ascribed roles. Please contact me if you would like to talk about gender and culture in more detail.
How is gender defined in your culture?
Discuss 2 common female gender norms 2 common male gender norms in you culture.
How have your views about gender and gender expression been influenced by your culture
Now, pick a culture you’re interested in (cannot be your own culture). Look up the cultures gender roles and answer the following questions:Is this culture more individualistic or collectivistic?
Is the culture more patriarchal or matriarchal?

How would you approach changing gender roles in this culture (or do they need to be changed?)

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Internship Report

Avoid plagiarism
3000 words
my major: business administration

Here is some information you need:
I trained in a special school for children from the age of two months to 10 years.
Among the tasks I did are:
– Managing social networking sites such as Instagram and Snapchat
– create a database of children’s information using Excel.
– Inventory and record the contents of the center.
– bond writing.
– Registration of children wishing to join.
– Communicating with the parents.
If you need any other information, ask me.
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English Question

Part 1: In 1-2 pages tell me what you thought was the most important thing you learned this semester. Why?
Part 2: From the pop econ book club book what was the most important thing you learned? What was the most surprising thing you learned? (This should be about one page.)
I’d especially like feedback on the undercover book club assignment. What did you like least about this assignment format? How would you change things if you could. What did you like best about this assignment format? Do you have any ideas to increase how much you and your classmates would want to discuss this sort of reading assignment with each other?

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Modern construction enterprises Assessment outline: Search and choose one innovative construction enterprise

Modern construction enterprises

Assessment outline:

Search and choose one innovative construction enterprise that is a leader in one of the following areas:

a) Industrialisation,

b) Globalisation,

c) Digitisation,

d) Resilience or

e) Sustainability.

I recommend sustainability

Describe this one trend in social, environmental, regulatory, market, or economic terms (you can use all of these frameworks). This new capability enables an enterprise to compete more effectively in a changing market. Public information such as corporate annual reports, quarterly announcements, share market evaluations, media coverage and company websites are helpful sources for this assessment, but other resources may also prove useful.

Explain the nature of the enterprise’s operational and business strategy in your selected area and why / how this is significantly different from its competitors asserting its advancement of thinking in the market. This will challenge you to integrate a growing market trend into a construction business enterprise.

Please add graohs/tables where possible[supanova_question]

As the police chief, the main problem in dealing with the drugs

As the police chief, the main problem in dealing with the drugs would be getting the suppliers of the drugs. For example, police in Montgomery have a problem getting the suppliers (MSNBC’s, 2017, 12:20). Different forces have to be deployed to enhance the arrest of drug suppliers. After identifying the drug suppliers, the other problem experienced by the chief officers is arresting them. The police force is forced to use excess energy to arrest the supplier (MSNBC’s, 2017, 20:54). After getting the supplier, usually, the other problem would be getting the drug dealer; for example, once the officers arrested the supplier in Montgomery, the supplier had to be directed to the house where the dealer resided (MSNBC’s, 2017, 23:18). The major problem would have occurred if the supplier had denied exposing the residence of the dealer.

 The main solution would be deploying a group of police officers in the borders where the drugs are coming from. The officers would be entitled to checking every person passing through the border, including the motor vehicles that they use (MSNBC’s, 2017, 25:35). This would enhance the arresting of those participating in supplying illegal opium and enhance their arrest. The second solution to opium dealing is the use of some improved techniques of identifying the vehicles carrying the opium. Such innovations could include trained dogs and other detectors to determine the type of drugs the dealer is supplying (MSNBC’s, 2017, 26:51).

The article’s title giving solution to dealing with opium is; Lead Contamination in Opium, Opium Tincture, and Methadone Oral Solution, in Iran. This article provides the solution to the opium taken through the mouth. Statistical procedures and data are appropriate because they display facts about a specific scenario and help predict trends of the scenario in the future.

Reference

MSNBC’s Jacob Soboroff. (2017, November 9). One Nation, Overdosed: Documentary On The Deadliest Drug Crisis In American History (Full) | MSNBC [Video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9KRdqwQcdo (Links to an external site.)

Rahimi, M., Eshraghi, M. A., & Shadnia, S. (2020). Lead Contamination in Opium, Opium Tincture, and Methadone Oral Solution, in Iran. Addiction & Health, 12(1), 34. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291899/[supanova_question]

Using the readings and content in the mini assignment what are the

Using the readings and content in the mini assignment what are the challenges/barriers encountered by APNs in developing and implementing EBP projects? What are your recommendations to remove or reduce the barriers

Comments should be substantiated by at least 2 peer-reviewed articles other than your book and should be less than 5 years.

Online Lecture Material: Read the PowerPoint Material/lecture related to topics on Module 3. Watch the YouTube videos embedded on the PowerPoint.

View this 3-minute video regarding healthcare hesitancy to get vaccinated

‘I Was Surprised’: Some Healthcare Workers Decline COVID-19 Vaccine – Bing video

ach student is to be prepared for class discussion. That means you are to be knowledgeable of the topics being discussed and you are to contribute to the discussion demonstrating:

Initial response to discussion questions with original thought/contribution (perspective not previously posted), supported by at least 2 current references

40 %

In the discussion, development of thought is evidenced) full explanation, detail, insight; this usually requires  a couple of paragraphs to accomplish)

20 %

Response to the posting of 2 other classmates/peers, supported by at least 2 current references

30 %

 

APA 7th edition references/citations appropriately used

10 %

TOTAL:

100 %[supanova_question]

ME7761 Interim report MSc Advance Product design Engineering and Manufacturing Modeling a

ME7761

Interim report

MSc Advance Product design Engineering and Manufacturing

Modeling a Storage Tank and Running Finite Element Analysis to Study the Application

Submitted to

Farrokh Faramarzi

Submitted by

Hemanth sai Gonuguntla (K2002593)

Abstract

This study is conducted to provide a fundamental design of a storage tank commonly used in the oil and gas industry taking into consideration of the crucial factors that comes into play. The technical details of the tank design will be conducted using a software modeling tool best suited for this purpose. The project aims to investigate the existing technologies on Computer Aided Design (CAD) for designing a storage tank for the oil and gas industry. For this purpose, the study will involve a specific modeling software or tool such as SolidWorks or NX Symens or CATIA or ANSYS. After that, an FEA analysis will be carried out to test the design of the theoretical modeling through simulation. Ultimately, a fundamental ideawill be presented within the literature review and then will be compared with the result of the FEA analysis.

Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Background of the Study 4

Research Aim 5

Research Objectives 5

Research Questions 5

Rationale of the Study 6

Literature Review 6

Fixed roof storage tanks 7

Floating roof storage tanks 7

Finite element analysis 9

Research Methodology 9

Research approach 10

Research philosophy 10

Research design 11

Data Sources 11

Timeline of the Study 11

Conclusion 12

Limitation of the Study 12

Future Scope of the Study 13

References 14

Introduction

Large capacity storage tanks are extensively used in various industries. They are particularly an essential facility in the oil and gas industry. Different types of storage tanks are used in the petroleum and petrochemical industries for refining processes, crude oil production, consumption and distribution of the final product and so on. Storage tanks used in the oil and gas industry usually have different shapes, sizes and types. In order to design a storage tank for such a purpose, it is important to dive deep into the design equations of the individual dimensions of the storage tank. This study is conducted to provide a fundamental design of such a tank taking into consideration of the crucial factors that comes into play. The tank shell design will be executed following a particular that take into account the rules and procedures, tank stability, stress behavior of the tank material and complete safety (Beemkumar et al., 2017). For this purpose, the technical details of the tank design will be conducted using a software modeling tool best suited for this purpose.

Background of the Study

In the oil and gas industry, storage tanks are one highly essential component that storage different kinds of fluids. These are useful tools for transporting these fluids to and from different places; such as from production to end users. Most of the storage tanks used in the petroleum industry is designed for this purpose and they operate under the atmospheric pressure. Significant amount of studies have been undertaken on the storage of these products, which opened up newer techniques and methods of design and implementation.

There are various types of tanks including flat bottomed tanks, above ground tanks and cylindrical tanks that store crude oil or petroleum, liquefied gases, etc. the seismic design calculations for developing such tanks has to be considered (Ferrín and Pérez-Pérez, 2020). It is important to study the data obtained from previous experiments and experiences in order to carry out a foolproof design of a storage tank. In addition to that, a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is crucial to figure out exactly how the design will work when it comes in contact with the real world forces and various physical aspects of the reality. The behavior of the designed tank will be simulated using the FEA analysis under certain provided conditions for conducting a proper assessment. Moreover, the simulations results can be further utilized to make improvements in the design and optimize the accuracy of the model.

Research Aim

The primary aim of this research is to understand and investigate the existing technologies on Computer Aided Design (CAD) for designing a storage tank for the oil and gas industry. For this purpose, the study will involve a specific modeling software or tool such as SolidWorks or NX Symens or CATIA or ANSYS (Bi, 2017). In addition to that, a structured literature review shall be carried out on different storage tanks used in Oil and Gas industry to better grasp the important factors to be taken into consideration. After that, an FEA analysis will be carried out to test the design of the theoretical modeling through simulation. Ultimately, a fundamental calculation will be presented in storage tanks within the literature review and then will be compared with the result

Research Objectives

The main research objectives of this study have been formulated accordingly. They are presented as follows:

To study the existing technologies of designing a storage tank in the oil and gas industry using computer aided design tools

To carry out a structured literature review on the previous studies, experiments, experiences and researches on modeling storage tanks using software

To perform Finite Element Analysis or FEA for running the simulation of the design model based upon certain real world conditions for assessment purpose

Research Questions

Based on the formulated research objectives in the above section, the research questions are developed in this section. They are presented below:

What are the existing technologies of designing a storage tank in the oil and gas industry using computer aided design tools?

How to conduct a structured literature review on the previous studies, experiments, experiences and researches on modeling storage tanks using software?

How to use Finite Element Analysis or FEA for running the simulation of the design model based upon certain real world conditions for design assessment purpose?

Rationale of the Study

Liquid storage tanks are significantly used in the petroleum industries and these storage tanks are crucial to the functioning of the entire industry. However, potential damage in such a storage tank that is fully operative in an oil and gas company can lead to severe environmental and economic consequences. In order to ensure safety and functional storage tanks, it is important to employ reliable and rational methods and mechanisms. Furthermore, a proper simulation and analysis of the proposed design is also highly essential to ensure that the model will operate as expected in the real world situations. The analysis procedure needs to evaluate and assess all the seismic responses, stress behavior of the tank material and so on (Krol, 2020). Besides, it should also be taken into account that the damage states of the storage tank are entirely dealt with. For this purpose, the present research will focus on modeling such a storage tank using Computer Aided Design tools and then performing a finite element analysis of the model tank which is subjected to seismic loadings. A thorough and structured literature review of the existing technologies is essential in this aspect, especially in order to understand the various important factors that should be considered while designing the storage tank. This study holds significant weight in the safety and functionality of oil industry from the perspective of the history of earthquakes causing serious consequences in the industry.

Literature Review

The oil and gas companies throughout the world use different shapes and forms of storage tanks in the different stages of the refining process. There are specific standard guidelines that should be maintained while designing a storage tank including fabrication, inspection, erection, welding, etc (Abo-Elkhier and Muhammad, 2020). Below are some of the most common types of storage tanks used in the oil and gas industry.

Fixed roof storage tanks

Fixed roof storage tank design requirements are focused on minimizing the potential risks of environmental damage and structural failure. There are no specifications in terms of the dimensions of the storage tank or certain physical features. The end users are free to specify such details according to their needs or individual purpose of application. However, there are certain primary features of fixed roof storage tanks, which are as follows:

A thief hatch or a sampling and gauging hatch is important, which is also operated as an access point to measure the tank levels. A vapor vent is another component to be included in a fixed roof tank and is often also known as a breather valve. It is useful for releasing the built up pressure while liquid filling (Ye et al., 2018). There is a relief valve that releases excessive pressure (when the pressure goes beyond the safety limit). Other components of a fixed roof storage tank involve an inert gas blanket, a fire protection mechanism, drains for cleaning, essential earth connection to prevent static electricity from building up and lastly, a manhole to facilitate access inside the storage tank.

Figure: Pictorial representation of fixed roof tank

(Source: Kumar et al. 2020)

Floating roof storage tanks

These are tanks that have a roof which is floating on the top of the liquid material inside it. As the level of the tank liquid goes up and down, the floating roof also moves up and down with it. As a result, the floating roof level changes during the time of cleaning, filling, emptying of the tank or even with temperature variations.

The two major kinds of floating roof tanks are: the pontoon roof and the double deck roof.

As opined by Ferrínand Pérez-Pérez (2020), the primary features of a floating roof tank includean access ladder that is supposed to extend inside the tank and over the top. The ladder will slide back and forth with the varying level of the floating roof. Apart from that, there should be a seal made of flexible rubberized material whose sole purpose is to reduce vapor leakage. There is a mechanism of draining water and support legs for the floating roof, which will essentially leave empty space when there is no liquid inside the storage tank (Yanan, Zhongling and Jiufa, 2017).

Figure: Double deck floating roof tank

(Source: Beemkumar, 2017)

Now, according to specific needs and application of the storage tank, the unique requirements of the tank are set and the right type is chosen.

Finite element analysis

FEA is an important simulation test that helps to reduce the developmental costs as well as the time required from formulating the concept to presenting the physical product. It is also helpful in reducing the number of physical prototypes of a certain design. FEA is used for optimizing the structural tests of a model project and it is done in the initial phases to avoid costs and ensure accuracy (Kumar, Bibinand Ramachandran, 2020). The FEA simulation and analysis results are extensively utilized for improving essential engineering skills and better management and design.

FEA analysis is very commonly used in mechanical engineering projects. There are different types of FEA applications such as linear/ nonlinear and static/ dynamic. It is a highly popular method in stress analysis and structural analysis as well as fluid flow, heat transfer, biomechanics, electromagnetic fields, etc. It uses numerical equations and calculations to resolve real world problems for a given object.

Research Methodology

The quality and success of the present study solely depends upon the application of the particular research methodologies and research techniques. In order to develop and follow the accurate roadmap of the study, it is important to properly implement the right tools and select the correct research approaches.

Figure 4: Flowchart of proposed research methodology

(Source: Created by the learner)

Research approach

The selection of a specific research approach is essential for identifying the process of data gathering and collection of proper information. In the present study, a mixed research approach will be employed to undertake the detailed investigation of the existing technologies and therefore, implement the tank design using suitable software modeling tool (??lu, Bic?and ??lu, 2018). To be more precise, this purpose will be served by carrying out a structured literature review with the help of both qualitative and quantitative research approach.

Research philosophy

According to Krushel, Panfilov and Stepanchenko (2019), the research philosophy should be applied in such a way to ensure that the research objectives are achieved and desired outcome yielded. In the present research, the positivism research philosophy will be selected for evaluating the effectiveness of the computer aided design model of a storage tank and thereby, simulating the model with real life inputs.

Research design

The present study will employ the explanatory research design because it will be best suited for demonstrating the working procedure of the model. Furthermore, the explanatory design is suitable for studies with limited timeline and qualitative data sources.

Data Sources

Data is central to any type of research. Data collection and analysis is mandatory for determining the end result of a study and answering the research objectives. In this study, the researcher will consider secondary data sources for a structured literature review (Beemkumar et al., 2017). The secondary data sources will include previous related work, journal and scholarly articles, thesis papers, online published journals, e-books and so on. In addition to that, the study will also have primary data obtained through using a mechanical designing and modeling tool as well as FEA analysis results.

Timeline of the Study

The present engineering study can be divided into two sections such cross sectional and longitudinal. The underlying association between the research variables will be taken into consideration through a longitudinal study. In order to do that, the study will incorporate a Gantt chart and work breakdown structure for the individual dependable activities (Dyakonov and Yanishevskaya, 2018). The task allocation will be performed according to the availability of time, resources and costs.

Figure: Gantt chart for conducting the research study

(Source: Created by the learner)

Conclusion

A storage tank for oil and gas industry will be designed using a specific software modeling tool. Thereafter, finite element analysis will take place to perform simulation and analysis of the tank design prototype. FEA is used for optimizing the structural tests of a model project and it is done in the initial phases to avoid costs and ensure accuracy. The FEA simulation and analysis results are extensively utilized for improving essential engineering skills and better management and design. Liquid storage tanks are significantly used in the petroleum industries and these storage tanks are crucial to the functioning of the entire industry. However, potential damage in such a storage tank that is fully operative in an oil and gas company can lead to severe environmental and economic consequences. In order to ensure safety and functional storage tanks, it is important to employ reliable and rational methods and mechanisms. FEA analysis will help in testing the durability and functionality of the storage tank.

Limitation of the Study

The project will involve modeling a storage tank for the oil and gas industry using mechanical engineering tools such as ANSYS. The model will be generated from two dimensional technical drawings. The study will help in understanding the basic structure and behavior of the structure. Using the modeling software, it will be easier to define the geometrical requirements and make necessary modifications that ensure proper structural integrity of the designed prototype of the storage tank model. Through the finite element analysis and simulation, the study will be able to analyze the stress behavior, static and wind load analysis, sloshing analysis and so on (Krol, 2020). However, the study will not over the possibility of any damage state of the tank and will not observe how the tank will behave in the future in case environmental damages occur. Another limitation of the study is it used the FEA technique for performing the simulation. The FEA technique requires a large amount of data set in order to give accurate results. Compared to nonlinear FEA, the linear FEA does not provide accurate enough results.The complexity of large data sets may result in erroneous outcomes or computational issues.

Future Scope of the Study

The project focuses on developing and designing a storage tank for the oil and gas industry using mechanical engineering modeling software tools such as ANSYS. For this purpose, the initial stages of the research will include a thorough and structured literature review of the existing technologies and experiments in order to analyze the design philosophy for developing a safe, functional and economical storage tank prototype. The FEA analysis can further be extended in the future by considering when the storage tank liquid level is half. The simulation will help in observing the tank’s behavior in different states and the amount of sensitivity will be understood. In addition to that, the storage tank can be designed in such a way to incorporate different shapes, forms and sizes in the model.

References

Abo-Elkhier, M. and Muhammad, K., 2020.Failure analysis of an exploded large-capacity liquid storage tank using finite element analysis. Engineering Failure Analysis, 110, p.104401.

Beemkumar, N., Karthikeyan, A., Reddy, K.S.K., Rajesh, K. and Anderson, A., 2017, May. Analysis of Thermal Energy Storage Tank by ANSYS and Comparison with Experimental Results to Improve its Thermal Efficiency. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 197, No. 1, p. 012039). IOP Publishing.

Bi, Z., 2017. Finite element analysis applications: a systematic and practical approach. Academic Press.

Dyakonov, N.V. and Yanishevskaya, A.G., 2018, July. Computer-aided design the spherical helical platform intended for the internal surface maintenance of spherical tanks. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1050, No. 1, p. 012023). IOP Publishing.

Ferrín, J.L. and Pérez-Pérez, L.J., 2020. Numerical simulation of natural convection and boil-off in a small size pressurized LNG storage tank. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 138, p.106840.

Krol, M., 2020. Design Concepts for Pressurized LNG Storage Tanks. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Vol. 48, pp. 1003-1008). Elsevier.

Krushel, E., Panfilov, A. and Stepanchenko, I., 2019, March. Computer-Aided Ecological and Profitable Scheduling of the Oil Depot Reservoirs Filling Process.In International Conference on Industrial Engineering (pp. 1503-1512).Springer, Cham.

Kumar, S.S., Bibin, C. and Ramachandran, M., 2020, March.Design and Analysis of Hydrogen Storage Tank with Different Materials by Ansys. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 810, No. 1, p. 012016). IOP Publishing.

??lu, M., Bic?, M. and ??lu, S., 2018, November.3D solid modelling and optimal design of a particular toroidal LPG storage tank. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 444, No. 8, p. 082018). IOP Publishing.

Yanan, L., Zhongling, D. and Jiufa, C., 2017. Simulation of a Small-scale Double Tank Thermal Storage System Based on ANSYS. Power Equipment, p.01.

Ye, W., Liu, J., Lin, G., Xu, B. and Yu, L., 2018.Application of scaled boundary finite element analysis for sloshing characteristics in an annular cylindrical container with porous structures. Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, 97, pp.94-113.

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Mathematics Question

Assignment: Introduction to Quantitative Analysis: Visually Displaying Data ResultsIn this week’s Discussion, you determined the benefits of visually displaying your data. You also learned that different types of data require different visual displays to adequately “tell the story” of the phenomena. Although the Discussion was difficult, what is even more difficult and challenging will be deciding on how best to display the data for presentation purposes. As you move further along in your dissertation or doctoral study, you will find that displaying data will be critical component in presenting a robust and clear capstone project.For this Introduction to Quantitative Analysis Assignment, you will explore how to visually display data for optimal use.
To prepare for this Assignment:
Review this week’s Learning Resources and consider visual displays of data.
For additional support, review the Skill Builder: Unit of Analysis and the Skill Builder: Levels of Measurement, which you can find by navigating back to your Blackboard Course Home Page. From there, locate the Skill Builder link in the left navigation pane.
Using the SPSS software, open the Afrobarometer dataset or the High School Longitudinal Study dataset (whichever you choose) found in this week’s Learning Resources.
From the dataset you chose, choose one categorical and one continuous variable and perform the appropriate visual display for each variable.
Once you visually display each variable, review Chapter 11 of the Wagner text to understand how to copy and paste your output into your Word document.
For this Assignment:
Write a 2- to 3-paragraph analysis of your results and include a copy and paste of the appropriate visual display of the data into your document.
Based on the results of your data, provide a brief explanation of what the implications for social change might be. Early in your Assignment, when you relate which dataset you analyzed, please include the mean of the following variables. If you are using the Afrobarometer Dataset, report the mean of Q1 (Age). If you are using the HS Long Survey Dataset, report the mean of X1SES.
Use appropriate APA format. Refer to the APA manual for appropriate citation.
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BF1120 – INTRODUCTORY ACCOUNTING FOR BUSINESS MOCK Final EXAM 2021 Time limit:

BF1120 – INTRODUCTORY ACCOUNTING FOR BUSINESS

MOCK Final EXAM

2021

Time limit: 2 HOURS (2.5 hours for students with 25% extra time allowance)

ANSWER ALL FORTY (40) QUESTIONS. EACH QUESTION CARRIES EQUAL MARKS.

Answer Q1 and Q2 using the following information:

The following balances are available for Moriarty Ltd as at year end:

Purchases £248,000

Operating Expenses £118,500

Sales Revenue £521,750

Opening Inventory was £72,000 and inventory held at the end of the period was valued at £92,750.

The Gross Profit for the Period is:

£155,250

£294,500

£253,000

238,500

The Operating Margin for the period is:

33.7%

56.4%

38.7%

66.3%

Answer Q3 and Q4 using the following information:

Sulker Plc Purchases a machine for £472,000 on the 1st of January 2020. The machine is expected to last for 10 years and is expected to have a scrap value of £1,500 at the end of its useful life. Sulker Plc depreciates machinery using the straight line method and charges a full amount of depreciation in year of purchase.

The annual depreciation charge for the machine will be:

£47,200

£47,050

£48,050

£47,500

If the machine is sold for £252,000 on the 1st January 2024, what is the profit/loss on disposal?

£220,000 loss

£31,800 loss

£33,085 loss

£28,300 profit

The following changes in SOFP balances were witnessed during the accounting period: Receivables Increased by £14,000, Payables Increased by £39,000 and Inventories Decreased by £1,500. Sulker Plc prepares their cash flow statement using the indirect method.

What would be the effect on cash?

£26,500 decrease to cash

£51,500 increase to cash

£25,150 increase to cash

£26,500 increase to cash

If a car is sold for £3,000, in what part of the cash flow statement would this £3,000 proceeds be recorded?

Investing Activities

Financing Activities

Operating Activities

None – It would appear in the Income Statement

Robinson Ltd has a reporting date of 31st December. It last paid for electricity via a bill which was for the period up to the 31st October 2020 and all previous bills to this have been paid. The bill that will arrive in February 2021, for the three month period November, December and January is estimated to be £14,400.

How should this be recorded in the accounts for 2020?

Increase Electricity Expense £14,400, Increase Accruals £14,400

Increase Electricity Expense £4,800, Decrease Cash £4,800

Decrease Electricity Expense £4,800, Decrease Accruals £4,800

Increase Electricity Expense £9,600, Increase Accruals £9,600

The recording of accruals and prepayments is an example of:

Prudence

Verifiability

Matching

Integrated Reporting

Answer Q9 and Q10 using the following information:

Rotarian Plc has the following balances showing on their SFP:

Trade Payables £92,000

Inventory £87,000

Accruals £11,000

Bank (£3,000)

Trade Receivables £27,000

Long Term Loans (payable in more than one year) £250,000

Calculate the current ratio and acid test:

0.32, 0.08

4.36, 2.24

1.08, 0.25

1.14, 0.29

Which one of the following could Rotarian do to help its liquidity situation?

Lengthen the Receivables payment period

Offer early payment discounts to outstanding receivables invoices

Pay off the long term loan early

None of the above

What are the two fundamental qualitative characteristics of accounting information?

Relevance and Reliability

Prudence and Faithful Representation

Faithful Representation and Relevance

Measurability and Understandability

Which one of these best describes the role of the income statement?

It shows a snapshot of the financial position of the organisation at a particular period in time

It shows the financial performance of the organisation over a particular period of time

It shows cash inflows and outflows, grouped by different categories for a specific period in time

It shows the reasons for a change in the equity balance for a business during a particular period

If a company is suffering from poor liquidity, what action could it take to relieve this?

Incentivise sales staff to sell on cash as opposed to credit

Change the depreciation policy of the company which would increase profits in the short to medium term

Pay off payables sooner to reduce the current liabilities balance

Buy back shares from shareholders in order to reduce future dividend payouts

A limitation of traditional ratio analysis in terms of evaluating an organisation could be:

Capital structure is not considered by ratio analysis

Different organisations may use different accounting policies, and therefore comparing ratio results for them may not result in a fair comparison

Ratios are difficult to calculate and require specific financial knowledge to interpret

Ratios only good for analysing profit-making entities

It is important to include data that is supplementary to the financial statements in the annual report because:

Potential investors increasingly are demanding data which is supplementary to the financial reports of the organisation

It can encourage the organisation to think in a more integrated, less short-termist fashion

It has the potential to improve the accountability of the organisation to wider stakeholders

All of the above

What is the ideal current ratio figure for an organisation:

0.5 to 1

1.0 to 1

2.0 to 1

It depends on the nature of the organisation, the industry, economic climate etc.

Answer Q17 to Q20 using the following information:

Firesale Ltd is a company experiencing rapid growth in sales revenue and profitability. Their simplified statement of financial position is provided below:

Firesale Ltd

Statement of Financial Position as at 31st December 2019

£

Non-Current Assets

2,670,000

Current Assets

Inventory

255,000

Trade Receivables

950,000

1,205,000

Total Assets

3,875,000

Equity

Share capital

500,000

Retained Earnings

1,700,000

Current Liabilities

Trade Payables

100,000

Bank Overdraft

75,000

Non-Current Liabilities

Long Term Loans

1,500,000

Total Equity and Liabilities

3,875,000

This year, Firesale Ltd made an operating profit of £725,000. Calculate the ROCE, based on year-end figures alone.

36.3%

34.1%

19.6%

18.7%

Firesale Ltd recently awarded their CEO a substantial bonus based on the satisfaction of a performance incentive linked primarily to increasing ROCE.

What is one of the dangers of this approach to rewarding performance?

ROCE favours managers who take risky decisions and threaten the company

Managers may avoid replacing old, inefficient assets as they will increase the asset base (via the issuing of finance) and therefore reduce ROCE

ROCE has no profitability element to it and therefore does not map to business performance

ROCE will not incentivise managers

The most pressing issue facing Firesale Ltd according to their statement of financial position is:

Excessively high gearing and debt levels

The company may be overtrading

They are holding too much inventory

Their liquidity ratios are low

Firesale Ltd has the following statement contained within their integrated report:

“As can be seen from the graph below, we have reduced carbon emissions by 23% per product over the last five years”

This can be considered an example of:

Financial reporting

Maximisation of shareholder wealth

Social and environmental reporting

Internal audit

Clarkson Ltd manufactures a single product. In the current year direct material costs were £49,000 and direct labour costs were £61,000. Additionally Clarkson Ltd incurred £145,000 of indirect manufacturing overheads and £164,000 of selling, general and administration overhead.

What are the PRIME cost and the TOTAL MANUFACTURING cost for Clarkson Ltd in the current year?

£49,000 and £255,000

£49,000 and £419,000

£110,000 and £255,000

£110,000 and £419,000

Southgate Ltd is a one product firm with material cost per unit of £50.00 and labour cost per unit of £30.00. Labour is incurred at the rate of £15.00 per hour and overheads absorbed at the rate of £12.00 per labour hour. Southgate Ltd marks up its product at a standard 25% rate.

What is the selling price of the product?

£88.00

£110.00

£130.00

£125.00

Rainbow Limited sells its single product at a price of £42.00. Variable manufacturing costs are £20.00 per unit and variable selling costs are £7.00 per unit. Fixed manufacturing overheads are £25,000 and fixed non-manufacturing overheads are £30,000. The company would like to target a profit of £20,000.

What volume of sales (rounded up to the nearest whole unit) is required to achieve this target?

1,667 units

3,409 units

3,667 units

5,000 units

Answer Q24 – Q26 using the following information:

Allied Ltd is a one product firm for which the following information is available:

Selling price per unit

£150

Material cost per unit

£50

Direct labour cost per unit

£25

Other variable overhead cost per unit

£25

Annual fixed manufacturing overhead

£45,000

Annual fixed selling and administrative overhead

£5,000

The company’s budgeted operating level for the year is to make and sell 1,500 units of its product.

What is the company’s operating gearing at the expected level of activity?

1.0

1.2

2.9

3.0

Based on the expected level of activity, what is the company’s margin of safety expressed both in £ sales and as a percentage of the budgeted position?

£75,000 and 33.3%

£75,000 and 50.0%

£150,000 and 33.3%

£150,000 and 50.0%

The company is considering investing £10,000 in the coming year in a new advertising campaign. What would the new TOTAL SALES UNITS have to be in order to justify this additional expenditure?

200 units

1,000 units

1,500 units

1,700 units

Howard Company manufactures a product with the following costs per unit at the expected production level of 75,000 units:

Direct materials

£25

Direct labour

75

Variable manufacturing overhead

35

Fixed manufacturing overhead

50

The company has the capacity to produce 100,000 units. The product regularly sells for £250 each.

A wholesaler has offered to pay £150 a unit for 5,000 units on a special order basis. If this special order is accepted, the effect on operating income would be a

£75,000 increase

£675,000 increase

£750,000 increase

£175,000 decrease

Drumchapel Limited has budgeted for the following levels of sales during the second quarter of the year.

April £50,000

May £60,000

June £70,000

Customers pay 40% of their bill in the month of sale and 50% in the month following the month of sale. 10% of customer debts on average go bad. What is the anticipated cash receipt from customers in June?

£24,000

£30,000

£58,000

£53,000

Bruxton Limited is developing the material cost budget for its products for the year 2021 during which they are anticipating manufacturing and selling 20,000 items. Each item requires 5 kilograms (kg) of material to build it and the current cost of material is £10 per kg. A 10% increase in the cost of materials has been agreed with suppliers; this increase will come into place at the beginning of 2021.

Using this data, what budget would be set for total material costs in 2021?

£100,000

£110,000

£1,000,000

£1,100,000

Norton plc had originally produced a budget based on the manufacture and sale of 2,500 products. The budget is presented below:

Sales

£ 50,000

Material costs

(15,000)

Labour costs

(10,000)

Contribution

25,000

Fixed costs

(15,000)

Profit

£ 10,000

The latest estimate of sales from the marketing department suggests that volumes will be lower than anticipated at 2,000 products. Calculate the FLEXED budget profit and the VOLUME (ACTIVITY) variance based on this data.

£0 and £10,000 Favourable

£0 and £10,000 Adverse

£5,000 and £5,000 Favourable

£5,000 and £5,000 Adverse

The following was extracted from the accounting records of Boxy Limited:

Prior Year

Current Year

Return on Sales (ROS)

4.5

4.0

Asset Turnover

2.0

3.0

Boxy Limited’s Return on Investment (ROI) for the current year is

A. greater than for the prior year due to the increase in asset turnover

B. greater than for the prior year due to the decrease in ROS

C. less than for the prior year due to the increase in asset turnover

D. less than for the prior year due to the decrease in ROS

Types of responsibility centres include all of the following EXCEPT

Cost centre

Profit centre

Investment centre

Contribution centre

A(n) ______ budget is where the budget for each period is determined with reference to what was spent in the previous period plus an allowance for anticipated inflation.

zero-base budget

participatory budget

continuous budget

incremental budget

Assuming all other things are equal, a company’s Return on Investment (ROI) would INCREASE when:

operating expenses increase

operating income increases

operating income decrease

average operating assets increase

Builders Ltd is preparing a quote for a new client and has incurred £2,000 on relevant marketing expenses. Existing salaried builders will be working on the contract and the accounting system will charge £10,000 of their salaries to this job. They are currently fully utilised and by working on this project the business will forgo £3,000 contribution elsewhere. Materials to be used in this project were purchased last month for £4,500. They are in constant use and will cost £5,000 to replace at today’s price.

What is the RELEVANT cost of the work?

£7,500

£8,000

£17,500

£18,000

Which of the following statements is FALSE

Conversion cost is defined as labour cost plus manufacturing overhead

Operating gearing is concerned with the proportion of debt versus equity in a business

Mixed costs are both fixed and variable in nature

Sunk costs are irrelevant in decision making

Which of the following statements is TRUE

Overhead absorption based on labour hours assumes that labour drives overhead

Prime cost is defined as labour cost plus manufacturing overhead

Fixed costs never change

Direct costs are the same as variable costs

Which of the following statements is FALSE

Management accounting is primarily concerned with providing information to external stakeholders

Traditional absorption costing excludes non-manufacturing overheads from unit costing calculations

Unit contribution is calculated by deducting variable costs from selling price

Allocated overheads are irrelevant in decision making

Assuming all other things are the same, fixed costs must have ______ if there was a decrease in the break-even point.

remained the same

increased first, then decreased

increased

decreased

Which of the following BEST describes Sunk costs?

a cost that can be eliminated by choosing one alternative over another in a decision.

any cost that has already been incurred and that cannot be changed by any decision made now or in the future.

The potential benefit that is given up when one alternative is selected over another

future costs that differ between competing decision alternatives

END OF QUESTIONS

Page 8 of 14[supanova_question]

In the form of a five paragraph essay (introduction with thesis sentence, three supporting topic paragraphs, conclusion with restatement)

Urgent! Needs to be done before 6:30pm today in 3 hours

Urgent! Needs to be done before 6:30pm today in 3 hours.

hi this is my final exam and it needs to be done by 6:00pm here are the two questions below

People Management has evoled over the years and will continue to do so across the globe and in all types of organisations. Discuss while incorporating relevant theories and examples.

COVID-19 has changed how many organisations operate and has rendered both performance management and training obsolete.creitically examine this statement[supanova_question]

Case Study – Master Budgeting This Case Study is a comprehensive examination

Case Study – Master Budgeting

This Case Study is a comprehensive examination of a master budgeting problem completed with the preparation of Sales Budget, Cash Collections Budget, Purchases Budget, Cash Disbursement Budget, Cash Budget, pro-forma Income Statement and pro-forma Balance Sheet. For this case study, you will prepare a spreadsheet showing the computations used to create each schedule. In addition, a well formatted memo (1-2 pages) to management is required to support your experience with the case study.[supanova_question]

“ I am interested in joining medical school. I have always wanted

Urgent! Needs to be done before 6:30pm today in 3 hours “ I am interested in joining medical school. I have always wanted to be a medical doctor and later specialize in pediatrics. My career line is directed by the need to alleviate suffering on children going through various illnesses since they are vulnerable populations that need utmost care from caregivers. My interest in pediatrics was aroused during my high school years when I understood the immense suffering that children in Yemen were facing as the country experienced a civil war. I am a first-generation Black Muslim student from Yemen, and over the years, I have been keeping tabs on the happenings in Yemen. I usually watch news describing the desperate situation of civilians in the country and cannot help but wonder the extent of trauma the children are experiencing. I would like to be a ray of hope to such children and others battling different diseases worldwide. “

The online Master of Public Health (MPH) program from UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health is designed for and by people who are dedicated to solving the world’s most urgent public health challenges. 

The Statement of Purpose is your opportunity to show us you’re one of those people. 

As you write your essay, keep the following ideas in mind as you address these four questions:

Question 1: Why are you interested in pursuing a Master of Public Health degree and how will this prepare you for your career?

Connect your academic, professional, and personal experiences. Tell us how your background aligns with your desire to earn an MPH and make a difference in the public health space.

I am planning to attend medical school after receiving my master’s in public health. (Add anything that grabs their attention)

Share your career ambitions. Where do you see yourself going with an MPH? What are the hard and soft skills you possess that will get you there? Why is UNC’s Gillings School the right fit for these goals?

I am planning to pursue a career in pediatrics. I am not ready to go to medical school after graduating with my bachelor’s degree because I don’t think I am ready. With COVID, I experienced few things, but I would like to explore more and see other pathways that might help me improve my background and knowledge. (For this question you can say whatever you think is best for me, I just provided few information about myself)

Question 2: How have your previous work and volunteer experiences led you to apply to the MPH?

I have shadowed and volunteered with few places and organization. Some are listed in my resume.

Show us that you’ve done your homework. You should feel comfortable talking about the program, concentration(s), career paths and outcomes, as well as the academic expectations that come with being a graduate student in a top-ranked program.

Emphasize the concentration(s) of your choosing. Be clear on which concentration you want to pursue and why. Do the same for your second and third choices, if you have them. How does your background support the path(s) you’ve selected?

My first concentration is leadership in practice and my second one is nutrition. (For this again, you could say what’s best for me, the reason for picking them is because I am ready to take the role as a leader. For nutrition is because since I am planning to become a pediatrician I need some great background.

Question 3: Racism has been identified as a public health crisis by the American Public Health Association. How do you plan to be actively antiracist and use your public health training to interrupt systems of oppression, discrimination and abuse that exist where you study, live and work?

Share your awareness of these topics as well as your thoughts and feelings. Give examples of times you’ve experienced or observed oppression and discrimination. Discuss how these examples relate to public health and how you plan to fight against racism moving forward.

This from my undergrad college essay application:

The best decision my parents made for my future was moving to the US. After moving to the United States, my first years in the country were not so appealing. The signiRcant obstacles I encountered in the initial years in America were cultural and language differences. I had come from Yemen and the differences in culture and language in America really challenged me. I was not used to this kind of culture that embodies diversity and inclusivity. I felt depressed at some moment because I did not have friends to play with or any interest to participate in. Because of language and cultural differences, I did not participate in any activities. My Rrst day of school in the new country was the worst in my life. As I walked into the classroom, everyone stared at me in bewilderment and I could hear others whispering behind me about the way I looked.

As days passed, some kids came up to me and asked me if I was from Iraq, Afghanistan, or an Arab with the southern accent. This was the most helpless time in my life because I could not find anyone to talk with or share my free time with. I later noticed that these stereotypes would continue and there is nothing I could do about it. I decided to start making friends but most of them ignored me at some points and told me to go back to my country. I felt irritated because I was not able to comprehend how kids, who are perceived as innocent, could say such words. My enthusiasm and passion for school slowly started to fade.

Hopefully this helps. You can change anything you want, as long it sounds good and realistic.

Question 4: Please explain why you are interested in applying to your first-choice and second-choice concentrations (if applicable).

Discuss your passions. Tell us why the concentration(s) of your choice fits with your goals in pursuing a master’s degree in public health. How will the specific concentration(s) help you achieve your aspirations?

Please note: These prompts may differ depending on the term you’ve selected. Be sure to review and answer the specific questions listed on your application.

And don’t forget:

Your essay should not exceed 1,500 words and should be no less than 1,000 words.

Show your passion and enthusiasm for the public health field!

Tell us about you, not us. We already know about our rankings, legacy and athletics. Why is UNC’s Gillings School the right place for you and your public health ambitions?

Your Statement of Purpose should be written in a professional manner and clearly demonstrate your ability to write at a graduate level.[supanova_question]

Urgent! Needs to be done before 6:30pm today in 3 hours

Create a roadmap about the product called the Amazon Dash Cart (details in the attached doc)should consist of six

Create a roadmap about the product called the Amazon Dash Cart (details in the attached doc)should consist of six.

Create a roadmap about the product called the Amazon Dash Cart (details in the attached doc)should consist of six sprints (1 quarter = six sprints) and your deliverables (the added value for each sprint) should be sequential. Add Next steps/ Fast followers (after the 1st quarter) to your roadmap (if applicable). Note: your fast followers will have to be a high priority features that need to be done immediately after testing your market fit MVP. One doc for explaining the content of the roadmap one ppt for showing the roadmap
Please format like the attached examples in excel format
[supanova_question]

TERMINOLOGY HANDOUT Instructions Choose a term and due date from the sign

TERMINOLOGY HANDOUT

Instructions

Choose a term and due date from the sign up sheet in e-learning.

Create a handout that fully provides a detailed definition for your colleagues in an easy to read, stylish form. The handout should be no more than two pages in length.

Submit your handout as a PDF in dropbox. Your handout will then be posted in a central location for ALL students to see and use to prepare for their final exam.

NOTE: Please save your file as a PDF so that it can be uploaded to the shared space (five points will be deducted for any format other than a PDF).

Make a Snazzy Handout

Consider the design/layout of your handout carefully, as the most successful handouts are not only eye-catching and easy to read, but offer quick, succinct information that your colleagues can scan and understand in only a few minutes. Make sure that you draw attention to your main ideas and consider spacing and design elements.

Think about how you might use fonts, text boxes, bold or other format choices, headings, images, etc—these can be useful tools to create a snazzy handout that delivers content well and engages readers so that they can easily synthesize information.

And use space wisely—you want as much information as possible in this small space!

Instructions

Choose a term and due date from the sign up sheet in e-learning.

Create a handout that fully provides a detailed definition for your colleagues in an easy to read, stylish form. The handout should be no more than two pages in length.

Submit your handout as a PDF in dropbox. Your handout will then be posted in a central location for ALL students to see and use to prepare for their final exam.

NOTE: Please save your file as a PDF so that it can be uploaded to the shared space (five points will be deducted for any format other than a PDF).

Make a Snazzy Handout

Consider the design/layout of your handout carefully, as the most successful handouts are not only eye-catching and easy to read, but offer quick, succinct information that your colleagues can scan and understand in only a few minutes. Make sure that you draw attention to your main ideas and consider spacing and design elements.

Think about how you might use fonts, text boxes, bold or other format choices, headings, images, etc—these can be useful tools to create a snazzy handout that delivers content well and engages readers so that they can easily synthesize information.

And use space wisely—you want as much information as possible in this small space!Sharing Knowledge with Colleagues

Requirements

Three or More Key Quotes from the Textbook (cited with page number in MLA): The textbook is your first stop to understanding the term. Choose short quotes to combine with your own explanation in a way that gets a key concept across, offering key details to define.

Three or More Examples that Explain the Term: Include examples from popular films that can be used to understand the term, including images when appropriate, including a description of how the example illustrates the term.

Three or More Scholarly Resources for Further Reading: What additional sources would be useful for someone wanting to learn more? For each, include an MLA citation and a quote from the source that adds to understanding of the term. The “further reading” section of the textbook is a good start in finding sources.

Three or More Related Concepts: Include three other terms/concepts that are related to or connected to your term to give it context. For these, be clear about how the term/concept is connected and offer definitions to explain.

Grading Expectations and Rubric Elements

Clear and correct articulation of the definition of the term, including enough details and specifics to give a full understanding of the concept, demonstrating critical thinking.

All key elements, including textbook quotes cited in MLA and additional resources with quotes that add to understanding.

Clarity/Formatting of handout considers purpose and audience (engaging). Handout is visually appealing or “snazzy.”

Examples fully and correctly illustrate the term and are easy to understand.

Related concepts/terms show connection making and an understanding of big picture.[supanova_question]

For this assignment, you are required to address an issue or problem

Create a roadmap about the product called the Amazon Dash Cart (details in the attached doc)should consist of six For this assignment, you are required to address an issue or problem faced by your company of choice and will analyze it using the techniques taught in this course.

The write-up is limited to 12-15 double-spaced pages, not including a title page and exhibits (include as appendices).

SELECTING AN ORGANIZATION

Explore news/current events to locate a business that has a complex problem which needs to be addressed. The problem may be related to any business topic (i.e. accounting, marketing, legal, etc.).

It is suggested that you select a recent problem of a public company, which will ensure that you will have access to the information necessary to complete your project.

As you select an organizational problem for your class project, it is important that you select an organization that is interesting, possibly useful to you in your career, industry, or interests. An organization or industry you are interested in should give you better access to information.

USE THE 9-STEP CASE ANALYSIS PROCESS AS A GUIDE:

Skim the case to get an overview of the situation.

Read the case thoroughly to digest the facts.

Carefully Review information in exhibits.

Decide what the strategic issues are.

Begin your analysis with some number crunching.

Apply the concepts of strategic analysis.

Check out conflicting opinions

Support your opinions with reasons and evidence.

Develop recommendations and an action plan.

Your analysis and recommendations should be supported with high-quality evidence, including textbooks and peer-reviewed academic journal articles covering the appropriate topics that apply to your specific problem from the following list:

Accounting

Business Communications

Business Ethics

Business Finance

Business Integration and Strategic Management

Business Leadership

Economics

Global Dimensions of Business

Information Management Systems

Legal Environment of Business

Management

Marketing

Quantitative Research Techniques/Statistics[supanova_question]

DEFM 498 Wk 6

InstructionsAssignment: Read the lessons for this week. Write a short paper discussing the different types of contingencies and contract planning. For this paper, you will need to find an article in the library that relates to this week’s learning objective or topics discussed during the week and then summarize and discuss the article as well as describe based on what you have learned.
Instructions:
•Written Communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.•APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to APA (6th edition) style and formatting.•Length of paper: typed, double-spaced pages with no less than a two-page paper.•Font and Font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.

done
Seen
few seconds ago[supanova_question]

Outsiders

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, all students are required to read Chapter 9 in the book, The Outsiders: Eight Unconventional CEOs and Their Radically Rational Blueprint for Success. In addition to Chapter 9, review your assigned chapter according to the first letter of your last name provided in the list below:
If your last name begins with A, B, C, read Chapter 1
If your last name begins with D, E, F, read Chapter 2
If your last name begins with G, H, I, read Chapter 3
If your last name begins with J, K, L, read Chapter 4
If your last name begins with M, N, O, read Chapter 5
If your last name begins with P, Q, R, read Chapter 6
If your last name begins with S, T, U, V, read Chapter 7
If your last name begins with W, X, Y, Z, read Chapter 8
After reading your assigned chapter, create a slide presentation linking what you have read in The Outsiders: Eight Unconventional CEOs and Their Radically Rational Blueprint for Success to the theories of capital allocation in the textbook, Foundations of Financial Management.
In your presentation,
Describe the CEO and the example of the company (one to two slides).
Examine the theoretical application of capital allocation (one to two slides).
Explain how the CEO highlighted in your required chapter used the theories of capital allocation and applied them to his or her situation (two to three slides). You may also want to use Chapter 9 from The Outsiders: Eight Unconventional CEOs and Their Radically Rational Blueprint for Success.
Summarize three key takeaways you learned from linking the textbook theory to the real-world scenario highlighted in your required chapter (one to two slides).
Note: You are not required to record your presentation and will be graded on the submitted slides only.
The Outsiders presentation
Must be five to nine slides in length (not including title and references slides) and formatted according to APA Style (Links to an external site.), as outlined in the Writing Center’s How to Make a PowerPoint Presentation (Links to an external site.) resource. You need to include speaker notes for each slide. Review the Add Speaker Notes to Your Slides (Links to an external site.) resource for support.

Reference:
Thorndike, W., N., Jr. (2012). The outsiders: Eight unconventional CEOs and their radically rational blueprint for success. Harvard Business Review Press.

[supanova_question]

More and more people were trickling into the park in pairs every

More and more people were trickling into the park in pairs every minute. They spread all over the park, some opting to bask under the warm sun rays, others sat under the thick shade of olive trees, and then there was me unsettled, restlessly moving from the sun to the shades, from one tree to other. Frequently, somewhat wavy winds would sweep over the waterfront, sweeping the children’s rubber tubes and swimming rings over to the edges. They seemed to enjoy it. Suddenly my phone beeps with the text message notification, and immediately, my heart beat faster, hoping it was what I expected. “Urrgh! I sighed with disappointment after reading the text sender. It was my buddy, Kevin. “No signs of her just yet. I am going home now,” I texted back angrily though I knew I would wait for even if it meant staying there till dusk.

I sat under a tree shade near the waterfront, cracking the dry leaves with my hands and then throwing them loosely into the water. Any of it barely got into the water as it was blown back by the low winds. This time I got up a little bit to gain momentum to throw them into the water when I heard foot sets behind my back, then a sudden a soft touch on my shoulder. I looked back hastily, and there she was. “Hi,” My heart almost froze, and I lacked words to reply. “Did I keep you waiting for long?” she asked me with a sorry face. “No, no, I just got here,” I replied, but I guess she could sense I was lying. She spread out her arms to hug me, which caught me unaware. I awkwardly moved closer to hug her. The leaves I was cracking before were still on my hands which spread all over her back. “Damn, this got off weird,” I said to myself.

We stayed there for more than two hours, getting to know each other. Every minute felt like an hour, getting quite comfortable with each other. It was around 5 pm, and the sun was slowly moving closer to the hills. Clouds partly covered then sun projecting patches of the shade and light over the grass in the park. The waterfronts surface was filled with beautiful

Diaz1

shiny capillary waves, sending a colder breeze over the show. People had started leaving the park, and the city councils workers were coming in with trash bins and collecting the waste of bottles and paper wrappers that people had snacks. “Pretty hard work,” I thought to myself, but unfortunately, I said it aloud to wake up Adele. She got up from my lap with stripes wrinkles from my trouser artfully plastered over on her left cheek. “That was a nice afternoon nap,” she said, smiling at me as some stripes sunk into her dimples.

We had stayed up there chitchatting when the noise from the traffic got excessive. “What’s up with the hooting,” Adele asked me. “People are getting back home from jobs,” I replied. “I guess we should roll too,” she said as she grabbed my hand and made our way through the cleaning city council tracks and workers. We walked silently under the streetlights, saying random words now and then as we navigated our way through the busy pedestrian pathway. Lights from advertisements boards and shops flashed over our faces uncomfortably. “Should have brought along my sunglasses,” Adele joked as we made our way towards the bus stage to Downtown, where she lived.

Feedback to Learner

You do a great job of describing setting here, and establishing a clear-cut emotional tone for the piece.  However, at times, the moment to moment action is a little unclear.  Sometimes, that’s fine; it doesn’t really matter what Kevin texts, after all.  But at other moments, it feels like you could flesh out what’s being said into its own piece, like, by describing what’s going on.  The “bonding” moment at the bottom of the first page is a great example of that: you gloss over two hours of interactions there, but if you wanted to, that could be the focus of an entire piece.[supanova_question]

The Saturday morning was like any other, and everything was happening as

The Saturday morning was like any other, and everything was happening as usual. Sun rays penetrated through the window curtains, birds sang melodies outside and the people traffic on Luther Street right behind my house was getting heavier with the buzzing of customers and sellers. However, despite everything usually, Jack’s mother had not called me yet for the past three hours, which was quite an improvement considering that she would blow my phone every 30 minutes “to ask for advice” on handling jack. Probably that was an indication that Jack was getting “his shit together.” Jack had become somewhat of an existential nihilist, the careless calibre of people who are indifferent to life. “Probably the therapy was doing magic on him,” I thought to myself as I hurriedly got ready to drive him to his following therapy schedule at 11 am. Dr. Hakim is sensitive with time, and I could not afford to show reluctance to my former professor.

I reach Mrs. Walton’s house compound, and the usual Kirk Franklin music is playing lowly in the background, slightly extending to the neighbourhood. Their pet dog was loitering around, and I realize she might have lost her way back into the house. “Hey, I want her to get some vitamin D, young man,” Mrs. Walton called at me through the kitchen window with some humor embedded in her voice. She was the type of person who would throw a joke at you, and if you are not smart enough, you will mistake it for arrogance. “Alright, Mrs. Walton,” I replied with a broad smile as I reached for the staircase to the front door. Mrs. Walton was preparing snacks, especially for Jack’s sake, because that is what he liked most. Since the depression hit him, he developed inexplicable love for snacks. He would lock himself up in his house with no real food, only depending on snacks.

“You can check him in his room,” Mrs. Walton said to me as she was preparing the dining table. I head to Jack’s room, and as usual, the door was tightly closed. “Who is it!” jack enquired from inside, and I could see him peeping through the door cracks near the knob. “You

Diaz 1

know you only have one friend, mate,” I replied jokingly. He opens the doors, and a sudden wave of hard metal music hits me. “Yoh dude, are you back to listening hard metal?” I asked him surprisingly as I move to lower the music volume. The room was dark, with only the woofer light flashing the room rhythmically. I extend to right hand to switch on the light with my left hand over my nose. There was a foul smell of beer in the house, which was hard to endure.

“What the hell, Jack!” I exclaimed to him upon seeing the messy state of the room. Cloths and shoes were everywhere; on the floor, bed, table, and chairs. I could not believe it because his mother and I had cleaned the room two days ago after his first therapy session. “Jack, to some extent, you are doing this to yourself, man,” I tell him, but he moves to sit on a chair filled with a pile of clothes, saying nothing as usual. He moves several bottles on the table to clear some space to place his legs. I could see several books at the edge of the table, but the clothes had hidden them. However, I could see that one was by Albert Camus. “I can see you are back to your old happy self, enjoying nihilistic stuff, interesting,” I said sarcastically but annoyed inside. “Get ready. Your therapy session is in 45 minutes,” I said as I closed the door to his room.

“I think he is improving,” Mrs. Walton said to me as pointing to a sitting spot on the dining table. “Sure. At least he is not locking himself up all day and is answering two of the ten questions you ask him.” I could sense the irony in her words and voice. I felt sorry for the woman because she tried hard to help her son, but the efforts were seemingly futile. “You guys will miss your session if you don’t live now,” Mrs. Walton said, tapping on her wristwatch. “And don’t you dare let him drive,” she added with a louder voice. And for sure, he was not going to drive anyway. There he was, swinging on an electric wire cable hanging on the bathroom water dispensing metal pipe. The wire extended to his neck, taking a strong and tight

grip around. I stood motionless, heart beating like a drum and eyes gazing upon Jack as he slowly rotates on air. “And you can use my car,” I heard Mrs. Walton shout from a distance.

Feedback to Learner

You do a great job of framing different voices (and giving us a sense of different characters) in a very short span of time in this piece, using low-key reactions to some pretty heavy moments (like the final suicide scene) to convey a lot of information about the figures we’re engaging with in a short span of time.

But that rapid pace can sometimes backfire, too: because we meet Jack so quickly, and see him kill himself so soon after that (really in the very next paragraph after we physically see him in his element) his death almost doesn’t register on an emotional level.  Giving Jack more time on the page – letting him speak, for instance, describing his actions in more detail, or letting your narrator spend more time talking to Mrs. Walton could help fill in these gaps, and flesh out the connection between those elements in your piece, all while helping you flesh out what already feels like a richly textured world.[supanova_question]

Assignment Description: With the healthcare industry constantly changing it is essential that

Assignment Description:

With the healthcare industry constantly changing it is essential that leaders be able to effectively convey their ideas in a clear and concise manner to those they supervise. 

In the Unit 1 Assignment you will develop and introduce an innovative strategy to help propel an organization or department to a higher level (specific idea required). This will be only one specific idea. This essay must be impressive enough to inspire others to become champions of this cause. Many of you may not have any work experience in the healthcare field to draw from for this assignment, that is understandable. Remember, this course is about professional writing using skills such as developing ideas, focusing on detail, composing effective well written documents that will be able to be used when you begin your healthcare career. So if you are currently employed, it may be helpful to just use your department at work and develop an idea based on your knowledge of the current issues at your place of employment. You might begin by simply mentally brainstorming things that could be implemented at your place of employment that would propel the company forward. It could be introducing new products or technology or could be resolving a current work problem. Are they failing to do things that would help the company grow and if so your idea may come from what you see they neglect doing. Or are they actually doing things that are hurting the department such that certain changes would positively affect the company. There may be problems such as poor training and orientation, lack of needed staff to get the job done, no employee motivation, no consistency in enforcing policies, lack of effective marketing strategies to to build revenue, lack of team building, lack of needed technology to move the company forward in a changing market. You may have ideas on how to streamline work and make things run faster and smoother. These are just a few examples of areas to think about when developing your innovative idea to move the company/department forward. The first step is to identify your idea for change to propel the company forward. Remember, you will only be presenting one idea not numerous so narrow your focus to one specific idea. The idea needs to be specific and not general. If you indicate for example that we need to implement more technology specifically what technology are you suggesting and how will that improve/propel the organization forward. Next you will research references that can help support your idea. Then your next step is to discuss why this idea is important for change. The next step you will propose the actual steps you recommend taking to effectively implement your idea. It is best to focus on just one or two things you can actually do to implement the idea. Having too many steps to implement an idea can be challenging so for purposes of the assignment focus on one or two. Finally, you will identify what leadership traits will be necessary to effectively implement your idea. The essay must be 3-4 pages in length excluding appendix, title and reference page. There is no abstract required for this assignment. You  must submit the following for references: minimum of 5 references less than 5 years since publication. Wikipedia or dictionary websites are not acceptable references. This assignment requires appropriate spelling, grammar, use of the current APA format and APA style of writing.

All submissions MUST use the following subheadings in the paper. Submissions without the subheadings will not be accepted. 

Specific Idea for Change(just one idea)

Why this Idea is Important for Change

Steps/Strategies to Implement Idea for Change (limit to one or two steps/strategies  and include time frames for implementing the idea)

Leadership Traits Necessary to Implement Idea[supanova_question]

Make your initial post by 9/5 and all response posts by 9/12.

Make your initial post by 9/5 and all response posts by 9/12.

In the advanced forum labeled “Knowledge Integration” discuss the question “How can a single agreed-upon model of terminology use (with linkages to a single terminology) help to integrate knowledge into routine clinical practice?” Why is this important? Write several paragraphs (300-500 words) discussing this issue and post to the discussion forum.

Respond to at least two classmates stating whether you agree or disagree with their post. (75 word each post)

REPLY TO THIS IN 75 WORDS An agreed-upon model of terminology is important in clinical practice because it creates efficiency, universality and, eliminates confusion.

    Efficiency is of most importance during nursing care. As nurses, we hope that the patients get quality care and treatments promptly to maintain their health outside the clinical environment. A standardized terminology makes it easier for nurses to understand the plan of care. If a nurse hears the term  “capillary refill” or “unilateral edema” there is an instant understanding of the plan of care. No time is wasted looking up definitions or strategies of care, the nurse knows what to do and the time frame to do it at. 
    Agreed terminology creates universality. The terminologies can be used beyond one hospital. When nurses want to research clinical changes and healthcare trends visible in other clinical settings, standardized terminology makes the process easier. If a nurse wanted to understand new ways to treat patients with Arrhythmia, a look into the database with universal terminologies helps the nurse deduce a new plan of care, see how other hospitals have thrived with that new care, and discuss this with the hospital board.
    Standardized terminology eliminates confusion in the hospital. When speaking to a doctor, there is limited time and multiple patients both you and the doctor have to care for, when there is a term that is universal and easily understood by the physician a plan of care can be implemented, this standardized term assists on-boarding nurses during a shift change and other health professionals when working to care for the patients. If one term is new or used for a different purpose, a nurse not aware of that word may need clarification or misunderstand the form of treatment.  This could cause complications in the patient. 

Reference

McGonigle, D., & Garver Mastrian, K Nursing Informatics and the Foundation of  Knowledge, Fifth Edition

REPLY TO THIS IN 75 WORDS

   The use of consistent terminology in clinical practice allows medical professionals to communicate effectively, reducing the repetition of information and improving care coordination and decision-making (McGonigle &Garver Mastrian, 2022). By utilizing standardized terminology in the healthcare community, healthcare provides such as nurses can effectively store, access, represent and communicate data in a consistent matter (McGonigle &Garver Mastrian, 2022). A single agreed-upon model of terminology use would help integrate knowledge into routine clinical practice as it would allow for clear and effective communication amongst health professionals. For instance, a patient who came into a clinic for an asthma attack and was prescribed ipratropium would have in their record as a care plan “ineffective breathing pattern”. This terminology informs other healthcare professionals that the patient has trouble breathing due to respiratory depth changes and abnormally rapid breathing that may have resulted from a response to an asthma trigger. The use of standardized terminology reduces redundancy by simplifying the patient’s care needs (McGonigle &Garver Mastrian, 2022).

      Research has shown that standardized terminology has improved patient care, enhanced data collection, and facilitated assessment (McGonigle &Garver Mastrian, 2022). With the advancement of technology, consistent terminology is crucial as medical professionals can electronically share medical data amongst various healthcare facilities. As previously mentioned, using constant language will allow medical professionals to communicate coherently, reducing redundancy and improving care coordination and, ultimately, quality of care for the patient using technology. For example, when healthcare facilities share patient information with other facilities, if there is no consistent terminology to guide the professionals into understanding the medical records, it will create ineffective communication and impede care coordination. However, the use of consistent language through the healthcare administration would make such transitions and communication clear and concise.
      Another example can be when first responders are responding to an emergency.  They can use the consistent terminologies to communicate with healthcare facilities regarding the patients current interventions and vital signs in order to make an informed decision on how to assist the patient, allowing them to provide quality care to their patients and also assisting the nurses and doctors to prepare a care plan for the patient. This is why consistent language ensures a clear understanding of the information provided and enhances patient care (McGonigle &Garver Mastrian, 2022). 

Reference

McGonigle, D., & Garver Mastrian, K. (2022). Nursing Informatics and the Foundation of  Knowledge, Fifth Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (2017, January). Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Data Integration to Optimize Patient Care: An Overview of the Search, Alert, File, Reconcile (SAFR) Model of Health Information Exchange. Retrieved from Health IT: https://www.healthit.gov/sites/default/files/playbook/pdf/emr_safer_knowledge_product_final.pdf[supanova_question]

Toslima 1 Applying Two Major Moral Principles Syeda Toslima Professor Masley Oakland

Toslima 1

Applying Two Major Moral Principles

Syeda Toslima

Professor Masley

Oakland University

Introduction

Bioethics is crucial in health-related life sciences; after clinical tests or medication using human subjects, there possible challenges that are likely to arise (Di Paolo et al., 2019). There needs informed consent to ensure the participants have protected exploitation of any kind. With the increased genetic technologies, much medication in contemporary society is about genetics, which raises numerous conflicts. The DNA profile of a client or patient can be exposed to third parties against the will of the victim, which raises moral concerns in the health care practitioners. Di Paolo et al. (2019) add those clinical ethics demands clinical officers to ensure a high degree of confidentiality, truthfulness, autonomy, and informed consent, among other moral principles in the field of profession.

There are critical issues in medicine, public health, or social policy that need to be addressed first in introducing any new genetic test. The first basic information regards the circumstances for trial, the implementation of the test, and the consent of participants in the test. Before signing the consent form, the participant should be aware of what information is included and in a stable mental state to agree or be helped under the clinical ethics (Howe, 2018). There is an increased concern whether the law enforcers should be allowed to explore people’s DNA profiles in the medical database to help to solve crimes in society. This paper will discuss confidentiality and beneficence as the essential moral principles concerning whether the law enforcers should be allowed to use recreational DNA testing to help solve crimes.

Bioethical dilemma

The dilemma lies between whether medical practitioners to remain confidential and preserve client’s data or should beneficence push them to break the secrets. Medical and genetic data privacy is a debatable issue from time to time. The question is based on who owns the DNA data and how is the data regulated against editing? How to treat private medical data and specifically sensitive genetic profiles in the client’s interest against the interest of the law enforcers to use the same available data in the clinical servers to perform investigative activities is ever debatable (Howe, 2018). It is a fact that medical practitioners must be truthful and confidential to their clients or patients in terms of keeping secrets. Sometimes they may be forced to stay an obligatory secret.

Healthcare officers are mandatorily obligated to professional secrets of confidentiality, in that they should never share personal medical information with third parties without the client’s consent (Christen, Ineichen, & Tanner, 2014). On the other hand, the concept of beneficence as a moral and moral practice calls for personal charity, goodness and kindness, and human actions to promote good to the public. The rule of beneficence encourages the moral obligation that benefits others in terms of legitimacy and prevention and removal of harmful possibilities in society. In ethical theory, many actions of beneficence are understood as obligatory. However, it may result from optional moral ideals that bring good to the organization through not an obligation to everyone.

Definition of terms

Bioethics: is a school of ethics that analyses philosophical, social, and legal concerns in medicine and life disciplines. It aims at promoting the well-being of individuals in society (Christen et al., 2014).

Recreational DNA: recreational genetics assesses DNA markers to determine personal lineage, originality and biogeographic information, and human migrations. Mitochondrial DNA analysis is done in women while men undergo Y-DNA (Christen et al., 2014).

Confidentiality is a principle or a rule that understands that another person’s body (bio information) is sensitive. Therefore, its access should remain secretive to the parties involved unless consent permits otherwise (Grigor’ev & Pestov, 2010).

Beneficence: refers to acts or own qualities of kindness, mercy, charity, and generosity with the aim of love, altruism, humanity deeds, and promoting the common good to others (Grigor’ev & Pestov, 2010).

Discussion

Health practitioners are entitled to show high ethical standards regarding keeping health data secretive at any cost. When it involves recreational DNA tests for individuals, participants may decline any attempts for the clinical officers to share their biodata with their parties (Christen et al., 2014). Moral responsibility and professional ethics demand that healthcare workers assess any genetic information during patient medication, and they should not disclose it without the patient’s authorization. Some biogenetic information may be critical to keeping, but professional ethics seeks confidentiality without conditions (Grigor’ev & Pestov, 2010). For instance, federal law provides individuals with rights over their health information and determines who can reach their health data. The data protection covers all forms, electronic, written, or conversation. The articulation is in article 6 in the supremacy clause that states the HIPAA privacy rule based on the states’ governments and the federal governments, giving the federal government the mandate to act upon a contradiction in the laws. Therefore, the genetic information should remain confidential as per the interest of the patients and the requirements of professional ethics.

However, the moral obligation covered under the beneficence rule demands that health care practitioners should act towards achieving the common good of others in society. The common good is about whatever action benefits the many in the community and is accepted as a moral duty (Grigor’ev & Pestov, 2010). For instance, law enforcers are seeking genetic information to carry on investigative processes contradicts the rule of confidentiality. Bridging confidentiality is going against professional ethics, personal promises, and consent agreement. On the other hand, delivering the information to the investigators shows social, moral responsibility mores so when the information will assist in preventing or control of societal harm that may happen if confidentiality is attained. For instance, having biodata for a criminal suspect is very helpful in performing investigative procedures. But also delivering the data may result in further editing and formation of biased conclusions to harm the individual who may be innocent of the accusations. Beneficence is generally perceived as the internal motive to do more than expected without the medical officer exposing himself to alarming situations. The acts of beneficence should come from within personal urge and not external forces to ensure the success and the applicability of the moral principle (Grigor’ev & Pestov, 2010).

Conclusion

Whether medical officers should release DNA data to be used by the law enforces has divergent views. There is no better approach to solve the issue but the responsibility of the data holder to weigh issues and apply deductive reasoning to form a conclusion or take action. Secondly, the constitution should clearly state what instances should be disclosed by proposing a parliamentary bill for discussion. Public views should matter in the proceedings to come up with a long-lasting solution.

References

Christen, M., Ineichen, C., & Tanner, C. (2014). How “moral” are the principles of biomedical ethics? – a cross-domain evaluation of the common morality hypothesis. BMC Medical Ethics, 15(1). https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A539697656/OVIC?u=lom_oaklandu&sid=bookmark-OVIC&xid=c69578f9

Di Paolo, M., Gori, F., Papi, L., & Turillazzi, E. (2019). A review and analysis of new Italian law 219/2017:‘provisions for informed consent and advance directives treatment’. BMC medical ethics, 20(1), 1-7. https://bmcmedethics.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12910-019-0353-2.pdf

Grigor’ev, A. I., & Pestov, I. D. (2010). Moral principles of space medicine. Human Physiology, 36(7), 742-745. https://col-oakland.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/view/action/uresolver.do?operation=resolveService&package_service_id=4081344870004771&institutionId=4771&customerId=4765

Howe, A. (2018). Principles of a patient and public involvement in primary care research applied to mental health research. A keynote paper from the EGPRN Autumn Conference 2017 in Dublin. European Journal of General Practice, 24(1), 167-170. https://col-oakland.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/view/action/uresolver.do?operation=resolveService&package_service_id=4081344760004771&institutionId=4771&customerId=4765[supanova_question]

Clandestine Drug Laboratories, a Team Effort? Re-read section 11.7 in chapter 11

Clandestine Drug Laboratories, a Team Effort?

Re-read section 11.7 in chapter 11 of your textbook to provide answers to the following questions.

Why are clandestine drug laboratories one of the most challenging efforts of law enforcement?

What are the challenges of a clandestine drug lab?

What is the role of a forensic chemist in an investigation of this type?

What is the goal of a complete forensic laboratory analysis?[supanova_question]

Create a roadmap about the product called the Amazon Dash Cart (details in the attached doc)should consist of six

• For the purpose of our assignment, a design challenge is a series of activities in which participants work

• For the purpose of our assignment, a design challenge is a series of activities in which participants work.

• For the purpose of our assignment, a design challenge is a series of activities in which
participants work through the stages of a design thinking process to come up with novel
solutions to a stated problem.
• Take place in learning environments (like ours) or in organizations (as a way to enhance the problem
solving capacity of teams)
• Can take place in an abbreviated fashion or over a longer period of time.
• I’ll provide the problem and you’ll use design thinking (both the process and its methods) to come up
with novel solutions to the problem.[supanova_question]

1 Literature Evaluation Table Tamara Hunt Grand Canyon University NRS-493 9/4/2021 Literature

1

Literature Evaluation Table

Tamara Hunt

Grand Canyon University

NRS-493

9/4/2021

Literature Evaluation Table

Change Topic: The main topic is tuberculosis in people living with HIV/AIDS. The change topic is preventing tuberculosis from attacking people living with HIV/AIDS

Criteria

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Ameet D, Kartik N, Sarchin k and Mrudula D

http://naco.gov.in/sites/default/files/NACOANNUALREPORT2016-17

Brutchfield J

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4484961/

Cui Z

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0173976

Winter Jr

https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12916-020-01849-7

Article Title and Year Published

Incidence of tuberculosis among people living with HIV on long term antiretroviral therapy in the private healthcare sector in Pune, Western India

(2019)

Tuberculosis and HIV Confection

(2016)

Risk factors associated with tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS

(2017)

The impact of HIV infection on tuberculosis transmission in a country with low tuberculosis incidence: a national retrospective study using molecular epidemiology

(2020)

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

The hypothesis of this article is to establish the connection between tuberculosis and people living with HIV/AIDS.

This article seeks to improve knowledge for practice nurses on how to handle patients suffering from tuberculosis and HUIV/AIDS

The hypothesis is to manage people affected by tuberculosis and live with HIV/AIDS.

The hypothesis of this article is to assess tuberculosis factors and mitigating strategies for its prevention.

Purposes/Aim of Study

. The study aims to prevent and treat tuberculosis in patients living with HIV/AIDS.

The objective of the research is to know how to treat patients who are suffering from both tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

The study aims to create strategies on how to manage elder people living with HIV/AIDS and affected by tuberculosis

This study aims at mitigating a new strategy that can be used to curb the spread of HIV/AIDS and the treatment of tuberculosis.

Design (qualitative and quantitative type)

Descriptive

Quasi-experimental

Quasi-experimental study

Qualitative

Descriptive

Setting/Sample

Sample= 20

Setting; free tuberculosis health facilities

Sample=18

Setting; more Vct centers

Sample; setting more health centers.

Sample: 17

Setting; short term care facilities for patients suffering from tuberculosis.

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

Identifying the gap between hospital staff and patients living with HIV/AIDS

Post and pre-intervention groups

Identifying the reasons why people living with HIV/AIDS are prone to vulnerable tuberculosis attacks.

Individual interventions for people suffering from the two diseases

Analysis

MS.EXCEL

SPSS

Elder people living with HIV/AIDS are prone to tuberculosis, and 85% of the cases are unpreventable.

People living with HIV/AIDS are prone to tuberculosis attacks and require special care

Key Findings

Frequent checkups and visits to health facilities by the patients lead to an improved relationship between the doctors and patients hence openness from the patients to doctors.

Improved knowledge for nurses in practice on how to handle the patients suffering from the two diseases.

Under supervision on taking of ARV drugs, people living with HIV/AIDS can lead a long life

90% of people living with HIV/AIDS also suffer from tuberculosis

Recommendations

Patients living with HIV/AIDS should keep a healthy lifestyle with frequent visits to health facilities for a checkup

Nurses in practice should seek advanced knowledge on how to relate well with patients suffering from HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis

Caregivers of people suffering from HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis should be equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge

Caregivers of people suffering from the two diseases should employ therapeutic strategies for the patients

How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project

The article uses examples of past literature reviews to develop recommendations for patients living with HIV/AIDS.

The article uses evidence from research and other articles done earlier to increase knowledge to improve and prevent diseases from attacking people.

The article uses prevention strategies and examples to manage patients suffering from HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis

This article uses therapeutic approaches as evidence for managing people suffering from HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis

Criteria

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Perm

a link or Working Link to Access Article

Hays k

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids

UNAIDS

https://reliefweb.int/report/world/tuberculosis-testing-gap-among-people-living-hiv-narrowing

Swaminithan S

https://www.ijidonline.com/article/S1201-9712(16)30022-4/fulltext

Gabreselassie G, Getachew A

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0153239

Article Title and Year Published

HIV/AIDS

(2021)

The tuberculosis testing gap among people living with HIV is narrowing

(2021)

Tuberculosis/HIV/AIDS co-infection

(2016)

Impact of HIV Status on Treatment Outcome of Tuberculosis Patients Registered at Arsi Negele Health Center, Southern Ethiopia

(2016)

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

The research question for this piece is How to prevent other diseases from attacking patients living with HIV/AIDS

The research question for this article is finding out the gap between tuberculosis and HIVAIDS

The research question for this article is to find the link between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS co-infection

The question of the research for this study is to find the impact of HIV status on treatment outcomes to patients suffering from tuberculosis

Purposes/Aim of Study

The purpose of this study is to determine the link between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

The purpose of the study is to find out the functional status, environmental conditions, and risks of tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS

The key aim of this study is to find out how tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS relates

The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of ARV drugs in minimizing HIV/AIDS risks

Design (quantitative and qualitative type)

Quasi-experimental study

Descriptive

Qualitative

Descriptive

Setting/Sample

Sample=15

Setting= long term care facilities to treat patients suffering from both tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

Sample: 1

4

Setting; long term facilities for people infected with HIV/AIDS

Sample:13

Setting; establishing therapy centers for therapeutic sessions with patients suffering from HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis

Sample;12

Setting: short term facility for people living with HIV/AIDS

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

Individualized interventions

Therapeutic intervention on individuals

Individualized interventions

Individual interventions on people suffering from the two diseases

Analysis

MS.EXCEL

SPSS

SPSS

MS.EXCEL

Key Findings

The study indicated a link between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

The findings show a narrowing gap between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

The results show a close relationship between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS

The findings show that regular intake of the ARV drugs increases effectiveness in minimizing the risks of HIV/AIDS infection

Recommendations

Tuberculosis attacks are majorly related to elder people living with HIV/AIDS

Regular taking of ARVS reduces the risk of tuberculosis among HIV/AIDS patients

The relationship between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS can be reduced by strict adherence to the guidelines laid down by WHO on how to minimize HIV/AIDS infections

Caregivers should recommend people living with HIV/AIDS embark on healthy lifestyle programs to help them live longer

Article Explanation of how it Supports EBP/Capstone

The article uses therapeutic strategies as evidence for managing tuberculosis in people living with HIV/AIDS

The article uses regular taking of ARVA as evidence for the reduced gap between HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis

The article uses WHO guidelines as evidence for managing patients living with HIV/AIDS

This article uses past literature reviews and examples as evidence for reducing infection risks among people living with HIV/AIDS[supanova_question]

Literature Evaluation Table Student Name: Change Topic (2-3 sentences): Criteria Article 1

• For the purpose of our assignment, a design challenge is a series of activities in which participants work Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name:

Change Topic (2-3 sentences):

Criteria

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Article Title and Year Published

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

Purposes/Aim of Study

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)

Setting/Sample

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

Analysis

Key Findings

Recommendations

Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project

Criteria

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Article Title and Year Published

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

Purposes/Aim of Study

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)

Setting/Sample

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

Analysis

Key Findings

Recommendations

Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone

© 2017. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

© 2015. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.[supanova_question]

Literature Evaluation Table Student Name: Change Topic (2-3 sentences): Criteria Article 1

Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name:

Change Topic (2-3 sentences):

Criteria

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Article Title and Year Published

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

Purposes/Aim of Study

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)

Setting/Sample

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

Analysis

Key Findings

Recommendations

Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project

Criteria

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Article Title and Year Published

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

Purposes/Aim of Study

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)

Setting/Sample

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

Analysis

Key Findings

Recommendations

Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone

© 2017. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

© 2015. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.[supanova_question]

Throughout this term, we have read literary works that address the following

Throughout this term, we have read literary works that address the following literary terms. For this discussion, please provide a specific example of each literary term from one of the works of literature.  Please explain why the example fits the literary term. Please post your response to the prompt no later than 11:59 p.m. on Thursday. In addition, you must reply to at least two of your classmates’ postings.

For this discussion, please share your examples for the following terms. The definitions are adapted from “LitWeb,” The Norton Introduction to Literature Study Space.

Antihero: A protagonist who is in one way or another the very opposite of a traditional hero. Instead of being courageous and determined, for instance, an antihero might be timid, hypersensitive, and indecisive to the point of paralysis. Antiheroes are especially common in modern literary works. 

Climax: The third part of plot, the point at which the action stops rising and begins falling or reversing; also called turning point.

Complication: In plot, an action or event that introduces a new conflict or intensifies the existing one, especially during the rising action phase of plot.

Conflict: A struggle between opposing forces that sets the action in motion. An external conflict pits a character against something or someone outside himself or herself—another character or characters or something in nature or society. An internal conflict happens when the opposing forces are two drives, impulses, or parts of a single character.

Crisis: In plot, the moment when the conflict comes to a head, often requiring the character to make a decision; sometimes the crisis is equated with the climax or turning point and sometimes it is treated as a distinct moment that precedes, and prepares for, the climax.

Epiphany: A sudden moment of illumination or revelation of truth, often inspired by a seemingly simple or commonplace event[supanova_question]

Surname 4 Parker Chapman Literary Analysis Art is a Reflection “But in

Surname 4

Parker Chapman

Literary Analysis

Art is a Reflection

“But in some curious way—I wonder will you understand me?—his personality has suggested to me an entirely new manner in art, an entirely new mode of style. I see things differently, I think of them differently. I can now recreate life in a way that was hidden from me before” (Wilde, page 7). Wilde uses the quote to explain the effect Dorian had on Basil as a person and an artist to Lord Henry. Even though Basil was known as the most talented artist, Dorian brings out his best skills. Through that, Lord Henry become much interested in the way Dorian could be of significant influence on his art, thus deciding to influence Dorian in a similar manner. As depicted in the novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, the author narrates about excellent and bad chunks of the everlasting youth with reference to the narrative of a curious man. As a result, the author presents different themes, with the significant theme being art is a reflection (Drumova, 88). The theme is shown by how a portrait of Dorian Gray does not age as it does. In exhibiting the theme, Wilde uses various literary devices such as symbolism, metaphor, and irony.

The devices are put together to make a haunting narrative that teaches how art reflects who a person is. Throughout the novel, symbolism is evidenced. For instance, the painting made by Basil reflected Dorian’s age as well as her conscience (Gillespie, 20). As described, Dorian is depicted as a person who admires his youthful age and thinks of not aging. As a result, Basil presents his painting to reflect how Dorian’s old body is reviving immorality. The innovative skills given regarding Dorian reveals how she shall remain a youth with all her beauty through the described painting.

Another literary device used in exhibiting the theme “art is a reflection” is irony. Throughout the novel, it is evidenced that ironic events occur. For example, Lord Henry is eager to know about the meeting of Dorian with Sibyl. As a result, he thinks of himself, “What matter what the cost was? One could never pay too high a price for any sensation” (Wilde, page 58). The quote is ironic since Dorian traded his soul to Henry for his adolescence.

On the other hand, Henry contemplates that the soul of Dorian had spun to a white girl, where he hunched down for devotion before her. The fact is that Henry is worried that Dorian’s soul is worshiping a different person. Besides, the idea of the soul being used ironically is further revealed later in the book when Basil revealed his worry about knowing Dorian (Wilde, page 59). Another incidence of iron evidenced in the novel is Dorian’s wish of not aging, which portrays his aging. Besides aging, the portrait further reflects the inner soul of Dorian, his inner self, and the evil he could become (Gillespie, 22). Such reveals that it is ironic that Dorian makes wishes thinking that the outcomes shall be in his favor. However, as depicted in the novel, the alteration turns out to become a process of self-perpetuating. As a result, after noticing the change in the picture, Dorian fantastically accepts his descent and maliciously to continues down the spiral. The device, therefore, shapes the theme of art as a reflection where it reflects what Dorian could be in his old age regardless of the wishes that one makes in life.

Another device used in exhibiting the given theme in Dorian Gray is a metaphor. The portrait represents the commonplace illusion an individual holds of oneself, namely that the person is somehow everlasting in newness and virtue, despite worsening age and corruption (Wilde, page 12). The character’s self-perception sustains the illusion of robustness and invincibility, while external reality, embodied in the portrait, tells the actual story. It is a supernatural transposition of the image with a subject that reveals a transcendent yet overpowering truth that Wilde warns us to heed in its time or face the catastrophe of self-willed ignorance (Yang, 78). It can also be said that the form of metaphor used here qualifies as an allegory since fantastic events become the vehicle to describe a personal journey. Perhaps in a way opposite of the typical hero tale, the supernatural device in Dorian Gray prevents a personal reckoning from denying shame instead of a terrifying journey to discover hidden virtue. Unlike Ebenezer Scrooge, the revelation at the end does not redeem but instead damns the main character, which throws the reader’s assumptions into doubt.

In conclusion, the theme of art as a reflection serves as the most paramount in the novel where the author uses it reflectively. It takes account of Dorian’s aging, for which he wishes not to lose his beauty and youthful nature, yet he was aging. It is reflected symbolically by how Basil presents Dorian’s image, which he hoped not to age. Besides, the painting artwork was used ironically since the painting changed, revealing the changes that shall occur to Dorian in his old age.

Work Cited

Drumova, Viktoria. “The Picture of Dorian Gray: Eternal Themes of Morality, Beauty and False Values through Centuries.” Thesis Unpublished. Estonia: University of Tartu (2015).

Gillespie, Michael. “The Picture of Dorian Gray as a Postmodern Work.” Etudes anglaises 68.1 (2015): 19-31.

Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian gray. OUP Oxford, 2006.

Yang, Fang. “Aesthetic Moral Metaphor in the Picture of Dorian Gray and Its Influence on Modern Chinese Aesthetic Literature.” English Language and Literature Studies 8.2 (2018): 77-84.[supanova_question]

a large assignment – Business Plan – that could go 18-25 pages or more. Please take a look at the attached document before you bid. Once I assign the project, I will attached the two templates mentioned in the project outline as well as the basics of the business. Please DO NOT bid on this if you can not write a business plan.

Business Plan needs to be written in native (American) English – no language translators. I will supply the basics of the business. I will supply an outline that will have a table of contents and will break the plan down into the correct parts. I’ll also supply an excel sheet for the financial data – a full projected P[supanova_question]

Literature Evaluation Table Change Topic (2-3 sentences): In the recent past, there

Literature Evaluation Table

Change Topic (2-3 sentences): In the recent past, there has been vigorous research on the effectiveness of face masks in curbing the spread of the corona virus disease. The following table shows various research literatures that confirm the efficiency of using face masks in mitigating spread of covid-19.

Criteria

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Chen, S., Lai, Y., & Tsay, S

Journal of Nursing Research

Doi: 10.1097/jnr.

0000000000000389

Cohen, J., & Rodgers, Y.

Preventive Medicine

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106263

Fischer, C. B., Adrien, N., Silguero, J. J., Hopper, J. J., Chowdhury, A. I, & Werler, M. M.

PLoS ONE

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249891

Gostin, L. O., Cohen, I. G., & Koplan, J. P.

JAMA

doi:10.1001/jama.2020.15271

Article Title and Year Published

Nursing perspectives on the impacts of COVID-19 (2020)

Contributing factors to personal protective equipment shortages during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020).

Mask adherence and rate of COVID-19 across the United States (2021).

Universal masking in the United States: The role of mandates, health education, and the CDC (2020).

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

What methods can be applied in prevention of medical practitioners from contracting the corona virus disease while caring for the patients.

What are the contributing factors to severe shortages of personal protective equipment in the US during the covid 19 crisis?

To assess the impact of mask wearing on reduction of corona virus effects.

To assess the role of national mandate in mitigation of the covid-19 disease and future emergencies.

Purposes/Aim of Study

To identify what preventive measures nurses can adopt to protect themselves from being infected with the covid-19 disease.

To ascertain the factors that lead to shortage of self-protective equipment in the United States.

To assess how effective facemasks can be in mitigation of the corona virus disease by imposing mandatory wearing for the public.

To ascertain how effective mandates are in mitigation of corona virus and future pandemics.

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)

Qualitative, review of peer articles.

Quantitative method applied with literature review.

Qualitative, peer reviewed articles, data base and CDC information since 2019.

Quantitative, peer reviewed articles

Setting/Sample

Applied literature review by obtaining information from online sources.

Applied literature review methods and analysis of trade data.

Utilized peer reviewed articles and journals for analysis of all 50 states and DC in the USA.

The research employed review of literature methods by analyzing research works from previous researchers and utilized observation and analyzing methods.

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

The articles applied the review of literature from which it adopted information from various sources and combined them to arrive at meaningful and sound findings.

The articles explored literature review methods and analysis of data information. From the data and information gathered from this analysis, results were obtained and recommendations made on the same.

Abstracted information from the CDC data base on new and reported cases since 2019, utilized the US policy database and other various sources of information.

The articles applied the review of literature from which it adopted information from various sources and combined them to arrive at meaningful and sound findings.

Analysis

Through analyzing various online and observation techniques. The researchers found out that nurses needed various protective equipment for protection while dealing with the virus.

The dysfunctional costing model in public health hospitals was analyzed that resulted to acute need for healthcare.

Through the various data sources the research was able to obtain information and knowledge through abstraction. The information was represented in graphs for ease of understanding.

Through a combination of various methods the research was able to determine how mandatory mitigation measure play a significant role in mitigating against the corona virus disease.

In addition, the research was able to find mandatory measures such as facial mask use in public for prevention motives against the virus.

Key Findings

PPEs such as use of facial masks and sanitizing each time after interaction or contact with people would help curb the spread of the disease. Social distancing could only be applicable when nurses are not attending to patients thus was not an effective measure.

The findings of this result were that the government lacked effective actions to maintain and distribute domestic inventories as well as serving disruptions in the global supply chain.

The research concludes that market prices are inappropriate when rationing health injects for public hospitals.

The research found out that many people object wearing face masks unless it is made a mandatory by the state as represented in the graph and findings of the research

The research found out that various mandatory measure were essential in mitigating against covid 19 disease.

Mandatory measures such as self-quarantine and utilization of face masks and self-isolation are critical elements when mitigating against the disease.

Recommendations

Nurses interact with covid-19 patients on daily basis and thus need a protective measure from contacting the disease from these patients. Application of face masks and other protective measures such as sanitizing were found to be effective techniques.

The research recommends removing profit motives in hospital models and strengthening the government’s capacity in maintenance of stockpiles.

In addition, the research recommends that the United States should reduce dependency on imported PPE’s

Wearing face masks plays a significant role in mitigation of corona virus disease as covid-19 rate were low when many citizens used face masks.

The government should impose effective measures for proper mitigation of the virus.

Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project

The article supports evidence based practice by supporting work from previous works on the need for prevention against corona virus and the application of face masks in mitigation of the disease.

There is evidence of correlation between the research findings and the corona virus disease. The review of previous research findings additionally, supports EBP.

The study shows a correlation between face masks and low corona virus cases. In addition a literature review aligns with previous research findings on same subject.

There is evidence of correlation between the research findings and the corona virus disease. The review of previous research findings additionally, supports EBP.

Criteria

Article 5

Article 6

Article 7

Article 8

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Jazieh, A. R., & Kozlakidis, Z.

Frontiers in Medicine.

https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.00429

Lyu, W., & Wehby, G. L.

Health Affairs

https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00818

Stutt, R. O., Retkute, R., Bradley, M., Gilligan, C. A., & Colvin, J.

Proceedings of the Royal Society

https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2020.0376

O’Dowd, K., Nair, K. M., Forouzandeh, P., Mathew, S., Grant, J., Moran, R., … & Pillai, S. C.

Materials, 

DOI: 10.3390/ma13153363

Article Title and Year Published

Healthcare transformation in the post-coronavirus pandemic era (2020).

Community use of face masks and COVID-19: Evidence from a natural experiment of state mandates in the US (2020).

A modelling framework to assess the likely effectiveness of facemasks in combination with ‘lock-down’ in managing the COVID-19 pandemic (2020).

Face masks and respirators in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic: A review of current materials, advances and future perspectives (2020).

Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative)

To assess the impact of covid-19 on healthcare transformation in post-coronavirus pandemic era.

To assess how community use of face masks is essential in mitigation against covid-19

To determine how often facemasks would be used by the public to flatten the curve, and their effectiveness to control the pandemic.

The objective of this research was to ascertain the effectiveness of using facemasks in mitigation against SAR-COV-2 and innovations that can be incorporated for future effectiveness.

Purposes/Aim of Study

To assess how the corona virus pandemic will impact on the healthcare facilities in post covid era.

To test the effectiveness of face masks

Testing effectiveness of using facemasks in management of Covid-19 pandemic.

To test the effectiveness of facemasks in curbing the corona virus and future measure for the disease control.

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)

Qualitative, peer reviewed literature

The articles applied the review of literature from which it adopted information from various sources and combined them to arrive at meaningful and sound findings.

Quantitative, complementary modeling approach (branching process transmission model and the susceptible-infected removed model).

Quantitative mathematical models such as the population based susceptible-infective-recovered SIR and the agent based models.

Setting/Sample

Through literature analysis the research was conducted and executed.

Study was conducted through analysis of materials used in production of facemasks and their effectiveness against mitigation of the corona virus disease. Analysis was done on several types of masks such as the surgical masks and other produces through combination of clothing and garments.

Study was conducted across different individuals from whom there were several categories. The first group comprised of those exposed or latently infected, the removed i.e. those who have recovered from the disease. From these samples, susceptible individuals became exposed to the disease by coming into contact with those infected with SARS-CoV-2 disease.

Study was conducted through analysis of materials used in production of facemasks and their effectiveness against mitigation of the corona virus disease. Analysis was done on several types of masks such as the surgical masks and other produces through combination of clothing and garments.

Methods: Intervention/Instruments

The research applied routine use of big data and artificial intelligence approaches to model crisis.

Cross-sectional methods were applied in collection of the data and analysis of the findings.

The research applied the simple deterministic differential equation that utilized different type of population with some wearing masks while others did not. Part of the population was exposed to the disease and findings collected on the observations.

Cross-sectional study conducted for data collection. Participants collected data on various types of materials used to manufacture masks.

The research was guided by comparison with previous research works done on face masks on effectiveness against other diseases such as influenza.

Analysis

By applying mobile enabled technologies the research was able to project the effects of covid-19 on development of healthcare facilities.

In analysis of the data the research applied Cross-sectional methods were applied in collection of the data and analysis of the findings.

The research used the deterministic differential equation model that recasts readily stochastic form of transition probabilities. The model was used to look at orders of magnitude in which face masks results to a major control strategy against the disease.

The research used literature review analysis from which data was collected on the effectiveness of materials such as fiber and surgical masks in the prevention against the disease.

Key Findings

The research found significant factors associated with covid-19 on such as shifting patient numbers for remote care, enhanced surveillance systems, development of healthcare management systems. Etc.

Face masks were found to be effective in mitigation of the corona virus disease and prevention of

Based on these research it was found that wearing face masks reduces corona virus transmission from symptomatic people.

Additionally, facemasks capture droplets that carry most of the disease hence preventive against the virus.

The research found out that fiber and use of medically reviewed materials such as surgical face masks play a significant role in mitigation against the corona virus disease.

Recommendations

To achieve the desired outcomes the ethical, regulatory and legal concerns raised during the pandemic need to be addressed.

The research recommended the use of face masks to control against the disease and enhance disease mitigation.

The research concluded that facemasks reduce the chances of contracting the disease by preventing 100 percent droplet inhalation while absorbing 50% exhalation. The research therefore recommends the use of face masks to be worn all the time for effective mitigation of the disease or passing it to others through either inhalation or exhalation of droplets.

Findings of the research were that certain materials and fiber filtrate pathogens hence reduction in probability of contracting the disease. Additionally, surgical masks reduce chances of contracting the disease by filtration efficiency of 99.9%.

Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone

There is evidence of correlation between the research findings and the corona virus disease. The review of previous research findings additionally, supports EBP.

The research is in line with previous research works on the effectiveness of using facemasks in mitigation against the corona virus disease

The research conducted suggests direct correlation between facemasks and absorption of droplets which are causative agents of the corona virus disease.

It explains that wearing of a face mask helps mitigate spread of the corona virus disease through absorption of droplets and control of inhaling the droplets from the environment.

In addition, the article fully supports the work of previous researchers on the effectiveness of facemasks in prevention of diseases such as influenza.

The research is in line with previous research works on the effectiveness of using facemasks in mitigation against the corona virus disease.

References

Chen, S., Lai, Y., & Tsay, S. (2020). Nursing perspectives on the impacts of COVID-19. Journal of Nursing Research, 28(3), 85-101. doi:10.1097/jnr.0000000000000389

Cohen, J., & Rodgers, Y. (2020). Contributing factors to personal protective equipment shortages during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Preventive Medicine, 141(5), 62-83.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106263

Fischer, C. B., Adrien, N., Silguero, J. J., Hopper, J. J., Chowdhury, A. I, & Werler, M. M. (2021). Mask adherence and rate of COVID-19 across the United States. PLoS ONE 16(4), 24-37. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249891

Gostin, L. O., Cohen, I. G., & Koplan, J. P. (2020) Universal masking in the United States: The role of mandates, health education, and the CDC. JAMA, 324(9), 837–848. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.15271

Jazieh, A. R., & Kozlakidis, Z. (2020). Healthcare transformation in the post-coronavirus pandemic era. Frontiers in Medicine, 7(3),
429-441. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.00429

Lyu, W., & Wehby, G. L. (2020). Community use of face masks and COVID-19: Evidence from a natural experiment of state mandates in the US. Health Affairs, 39(8), 10-27. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00818

Stutt, R. O., Retkute, R., Bradley, M., Gilligan, C. A., & Colvin, J. (2020). A modelling framework to assess the likely effectiveness of facemasks in combination with ‘lock-down’in managing the COVID-19 pandemic. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 476(2238), 20200376.

O’Dowd, K., Nair, K. M., Forouzandeh, P., Mathew, S., Grant, J., Moran, R., … & Pillai, S. C. (2020). Face masks and respirators in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic: A review of current materials, advances and future perspectives. Materials, 13(15), 3363.[supanova_question]

• For the purpose of our assignment, a design challenge is a series of activities in which participants work

Please answer three of the five questions that are attached in the file. The pages to read are there

Please answer three of the five questions that are attached in the file. The pages to read are there.

Please answer three of the five questions that are attached in the file. The pages to read are there as well. Please DO NOT use any outside sources except for the case study. Do not add “STUDENT NAME, Course, PRofessor name” as its a waste of space and not needed[supanova_question]

Euthanasia – An Immoral ActFollow the instructions below to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper:

Euthanasia – An Immoral Act

Should an individual be allowed to choose assisted suicide with the help of a physician, or be forced to follow their theological beliefs of the dominant religion they practice when life seems pointless? The choice of whether to live or not live is directly influenced by the decision to indulge in a process characterized as “physician assisted suicide” or simply called Euthanasia. Many people believe it is solely left upon God to determine when death should occur, but some people believe that a doctor has the right to take their life and help the patient destroy it. In this paper I will be discussing what euthanasia is, how it affects the patients life, and the implication it has on the religious community as an unmoral act.

One may wonder why in the end to choose euthanasia as a means to deliberately end their life. Some individuals live in excessive chronic pain, some due to poverty or lack of health-care coverage and cannot afford pain-killing medication. Others are denied adequate painkillers because of their physician’s lack of knowledge and or inadequate training. They have a terminal illness where disease has adversely affected their quality of life to the point where they no longer wish to continue living. Some have lost their independence and must be cared for continually or simply they realize that they will be dying in the near future and simply want to have total control over the process. But whatever the case may be, the pe…[supanova_question]

Euthanasia and Assisted SuicideFollow the instructions below to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper:

Please answer three of the five questions that are attached in the file. The pages to read are there Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

There has been much debate over euthanasia and assisted suicide with
no agreement in sight. Currently Oregon is the only state that allows
euthanasia and assisted suicide in the United States. Like all
questions involving the projection of personal beliefs upon the fate
of an entire population, this is an issue that may never be resolved.

Euthanasia and assisted suicide are methods people may take to end
their lives either on their own with lethal prescriptions from
physicians, or under the care of a doctor or assistant with various
methods, lethal injection and the “pulling of the plug” on life
support machines being the most common. An assisted suicide would be
granted only to a person “who is terminally ill, and who feels that
their life is not worth living because of intractable pain, and/or
loss of dignity, and/or loss of capability and who repeatedly and
actively asks for help in committing suicide and who is of sound mind
and not suffering from depression”. [Robinson]

Conserva…[supanova_question]

ACTIVITY 2 1. Pick two main competing brands in a specific category.

ACTIVITY 2

1. Pick two main competing brands in a specific category. Evaluate the positioning of each

brand.

Who are their target markets?

What are their main points-of-parity and points-of- difference?

Which is their positioning?

2. Give two examples of slogans that make strong contributions to brand equity? Why? Can you think of any “bad” slogans? Why do you consider them to be so?

3.

Step 1: Define what you value most: From the list of values (both work and personal), select the ten that are most important to you—as guides for how to behave, or as components of a valued way of life. Feel free to add any values of your own to this list.

Step 2: Elimination: Now that you have identified ten values, imagine that you are only permitted to have five. Which five would you give up? Cross them off. Now cross off another two to bring your list down to three.

1.

2.

3.

Step 3: Integration: Take a look at the top three values on your list.

Identify three brands which you are loyal to. Mention three values you associate with each brand and see if there is a correlation between your personal values and your favourite brands values.[supanova_question]

Users: Merchant Customer Database Manager User Stories: Merchant As a Merchant, I

Users:

Merchant

Customer

Database Manager

User Stories:

Merchant

As a Merchant, I should be able to register and login to the system.

As a Merchant, I should be able to add all the available services to the application.

As a Merchant, I should be able to login to the application either in desktop or on mobile.

As a Merchant, I should be able to update on the services every second.

As a Merchant, I should be able to generate unique codes for every service.

As a Merchant, I should be able to interact with the customers.

As a Merchant, I should be able to track payments processed by the customer.

As a Merchant, I Should be able to check on outage time where no customer will get effected.

As a Merchant, I should be able to remove the services if needed.

As a Merchant, I should be able to track the items, if they are delivered to Customer on time.

Customer

As a Customer, I should be able to register and login to the system.

As a Customer, I should be able to add all card details to the application.

As a Customer, I should be able to login the application either in desktop or in mobile.

As a Customer, I should be able to add all the required services for the payment.

As a Customer, I should be able to make payment as required.

As a Customer, I should be able to get hold payment message before the activity is successful

As a Customer, I should be able to receive payment successful message and money need to be deducted from my account.

As a Customer, I should be able to check account balance.

As a Customer, I should be able to interact with the merchant if required.

As a Customer, I should be able to check all my previous transactions.

As a Customer, I should be able to track the order and able to get it before time.

Database Manager

As a Database Manager, I should be able to store all the merchants and customers details.

As a Database Manager, I should be able to perform processing commands on the transaction.

As a Database Manager, I should be able to hold amount in between the Merchant and the Customer before the completion of activity.

As a Database Manager, I should be able to check that amount got added to the Merchant account on successful activity.

As a database Manager, I should be able to check that amount got added to the Customer account on unsuccessful activity.

As a Database Manager, I should be able to check that no duplicate transactions are performed.

As a Database Manager, I should be able to secure all the transactions of the users.

As a database Manager, I should be able to restrict all the data from accessing.[supanova_question]

Euthanasia In The United StateFollow the instructions below to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper:

Euthanasia in the United States Every year two million people die in North America. Chronic illness, such as cancer or heart disease, accounts for two of every three deaths. It is estimated that approximately seventy percent of these people die after a decision is made to forgo life-sustaining treatment (Choice in Dying). In America and all around the world, the ongoing debate is whether patients should have the opportunity to implement this critical alternative of euthanasia. Although controversial, it is imperative that United States citizens are not denied this right to a humane death. Groups in opposition to euthanasia say that patients who yearn to make this decision are neither in a healthy psychological state of mind nor have the God-willing right to do so. These groups feel if euthanasia were to become a publicly accepted option to the terminally ill that physicians, family, and even patients may abuse it. They also strongly support modern end-of-life treatment, known as palliative care, as a more logical and moral option. Perhaps the strongest belief that euthanasia is wrong comes from those who follow the words of the Bible and believe that every aspect of life belongs to God. The Old Testament records an incident involving King Saul of Israel, who became seriously wounded on the battlefield. Fearing the advancing enemy, Saul took his own sword and tried to fall against it. He cried to a soldier, “Come and put me out of my misery for I am in terrible pain but l…[supanova_question]

Celeste Mahoney Magdalena Sepulveda _________________________reviewed _________________________’s paper Date: 12-05-21 Please respond in

Celeste Mahoney Magdalena Sepulveda
_________________________reviewed _________________________’s paper

Date: 12-05-21

Please respond in detailed, complete sentences, and always explain your answer.

IN GENERAL

What did you like best about this paper? Why?

I liked how clear she was when she mentioned what sections she was going to be writing about. It gave me the direction of her paper.

What do you like least about this paper? How can it be improved?

What I liked the least was the order of the sections. I would write the recommendations of recycling after writing about its advantages and disadvantages.

Other general comments?

She says she is going to talk about (in this order) – the best ways of recycling, advantages, alternative methods of recycling, and disadvantages. But I don’t see the “alternative methods of recycling” as a section. Is this section and the first one, “best ways of recycling” the same thing? Also, she points out reduction of pollution as one of the advantages, but in the disadvantages, she says recycling causes pollution. I would work on those paragraphs, so it doesn’t seem she’s contradicting herself. Maybe she can write something like: “Some suggest that recycling causes pollution because…” and then she can explain and refute.

FOCUS

What is your partner’s thesis or claim? Where is it located? Discuss questions or thoughts about the claim here.

Her claim is that recycling needs to be done effectively. It’s located in the introduction. She makes the claim, but she doesn’t give any evidence to support her claim in the introduction. For example, are people not recycling efficiently? What are they doing wrong? What are the challenges of recycling? Instead of giving the readers some kind of evidence, she talks about the importance of recycling, and she mentions what sections she will be covering.

Do you get a sense of the paper’s direction and focus early on? Why or why not?

Yes, she was clear when she listed what she was going to be discussing on her paper.

Has your partner identified an issue? Does your partner divide his or her big topic/issue into 3 or 4 main sections to support the claim? What are they?

I believe the issue is that recycling needs to be done effectively. She gave suggestions of how to recycle, but the other sections were the advantages and disadvantages of recycling. I don’t see arguments that show that people are not recycling or are recycling ineffectively. As I mentioned before, I think she should provide some evidence to support her claim.

DEVELOPMENT / STYLE

Has the subject matter been explored and explained thoroughly? Do you have questions about what is going on in any of the sections? What sections need more development?

Yes. She wrote several paragraphs explaining how recycling should be done. But I was a little confused in a couple of paragraphs. For example, the 3rd paragraph of the advantages. I didn’t understand exactly what she meant. She wrote: “Recycling also helps manage recyclable products because the recyclable products are separated from the non-recyclable materials.” Where can this be helpful? At home? At the recycling center? And how is this beneficial? I think this paragraph needs a little more development so we can understand exactly what it is about. The same with the next paragraph (4th).

Did the author use any good argument strategies (induction, deduction, argument by authority, statistics, etc)? Name one.

She mentioned some data from EPA. She also mentioned Office Depot 2007 rule as evidence, but I am not familiar with this authority. Also, these 2 “authorities” were not listed in the works cited so I couldn’t check to learn more about this second one.

Did the author use any fallacious logic or shady techniques (post hoc, ad hominem, hasty generalizations)? If so, where?

I couldn’t see fallacies.

Does the author use an effective introduction? What is it? Does the introduction grab your interest? Does it set up the rest of the paper? Is there a creative technique that the author could add to make his or her introduction livelier?

On her introduction, she defined recycling, listed the areas she would be covering on the body of the paper and why recycling is important. Perhaps instead of defining recycling on the first sentence of the introduction, she should use something such as a fact to grab our attention. For example, a scary fact of what’s happening or what’s going to happen if we don’t recycle. Then she can define recycling, talk about the importance of it, etc.

Does the author use an effective conclusion strategy? What is it? Does it bring the paper to a satisfactory conclusion?

Her conclusion just lists the advantages of recycling.

ORGANIZATION

Does the body of the paper follow the organization suggested by the introduction?

On her introduction she listed the sections she would be covering. They were: The best ways of recycling, advantages, alternative methods of recycling and disadvantages. I thought the “alternative methods of recycling” would be a different section, and in this order, but it was not. I think she wrote some “alternative methods of recycling” and the “best ways of recycling” in her first section, which she called “Recommended perspectives….”

Does each body paragraph have a topic sentence or unifying idea? Could you underline each one? If you had to go back to outline this paper, could you?

I could underline the topic sentences or unifying ideas in most paragraphs. I would be able to outline this paper.

Does the paper have smooth transitions from paragraph to paragraph? Does the essay flow well from idea to idea? Where can these links be smoother?

I don’t think there are smooth transitions from paragraph to paragraph in all of them. And some of her paragraphs are repetitive. For example, she wrote about the advantages of recycling in 10 paragraphs, but in 3 of them (1st, 3rd, and 10th) she mentioned “pollution”. And on the disadvantages, she wrote about more energy being consumed in 2 paragraphs.

MECHANICS:

Were you impeded by grammatical or mechanical errors?

There were a few things that I had to read a couple of times to be sure I understood. And some sentences I am still in doubt I fully understood.[supanova_question]

Please answer three of the five questions that are attached in the file. The pages to read are there

Week 7 Readings Biafore, Chapters 20, 21 and 22

Week 7 Readings Biafore, Chapters 20, 21 and 22.

Based on the original project plan and using the format included in this week’s readings, develop an annotated outline for the final project report. Please include information and documentation from previous writing assignments. If no documentation exists, explain what would be included in each section of the final report, relating that to the project plan (not a generic definition of that section).
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>..
Lecture Note
A successful project is often defined as coming in “on schedule, on budget, and within scope.” However, there is a fourth criterion for success: acceptance by the customer. Whether this is an internal organizational project or an endeavor for an external customer, the project is of no use to anyone if it does not satisfy the customer, no matter how efficiently it is managed. Customer acceptance may come in many forms, such as a handshake, the closing out of a financial account, or final payment from a customer. Regardless, it is the PM’s responsibility to make sure this occurs to his or her organization’s satisfaction.
Administrative closeout can be fairly straightforward, although mind-numbingly slow. Accounting and personnel systems often have their own unique rules which must be satisfied until the “official” end of the project can be declared. In some cases, especially with government customers, a percentage of the total project cost is withheld until all administrative steps have been completed. It is not unusual for this to take months, or even years.
One of the final tasks for the project manager is to organize all documentation from the beginning of the project and place in an archive. This may be a file drawer, or a directory on a workstation or server. While the PM may be anxious to move on to their next adventure, this is very crucial for a number of reasons. If a similar project comes up in the future, these artifacts can be used as references to avoid “reinventing the wheel.” They may be used as organizational resources to increase its capabilities and obtain future work on similar projects. Also, there may be legal or regulatory requirements to retain certain records, depending on the nature of the project. Even if the organization does not require their retention, it can be a good idea for a PM to retain the records for possible use on future projects.
While it may not be an organizational policy, it is always a good idea to conduct a project “post mortem” to discuss what went right, what went wrong, and how things could be done better on the next effort. This lessons learned process can be invaluable to document good practices and avoid future mistakes. While it might be a painful exercise for some participants, this can be invaluable to everyone if conducted in the spirit of learning, and not used as a tool for casting blame.
To summarize the past seven weeks, here are some points to remember as you work your projects in the future:
12 Golden Rules of PM Success
“Thou Shalt:
Gain Consensus on Project Outcomes
Build the Best Team You Can
Develop a Comprehensive, Viable Plan and Keep It Up to Date
Determine How Much Stuff You Really Need to Get Things Done
Have a Realistic Schedule
Not Try to Do More Than Can Be Done
Remember That People Count
Gain the Formal and Ongoing Support of Management and Stakeholders
Be Willing to Change
Keep People Informed of What You’re Up To
Be Willing to Try New Things
Become a Leader as Well as a Manager”
Source: The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Project Management, 2nd Edition, Pg Insert
And lastly:
Six Phases of a Project
Enthusiasm
Disillusionment
Panic
Search for the guilty
Punishment of the innocent
Praise and honors for the non-participants
[supanova_question]

Group Research Report and Presentation Overview of Project Working in a team,

Group Research Report and Presentation

Overview of Project

Working in a team, you will research and deliver a written report (15 pages double spaced) and an oral presentation (10 to 15 minutes) on a management topic contained in the textbook, but not covered in our learning modules (i.e., a topic that is listed in the textbook table of contents but NOT in the course content of your Blackboard). Here is a list of the topics to choose from on a first-come basis: 

Understanding and Working with Diverse Others (Ch 5)

Negotiation (Ch 9)

Managing Interpersonal and Organizational Conflict (Ch 11)

Achieving Business Results through Effective Meetings (Ch 12)

Effective and Ethical Use of Power and Influence (Ch 15)

Networking and Mentoring (Ch 16)

Leading and Empowering Self and Others (Ch 18)

Project Management (Ch 19)

Note:  Check the list of groups and project topics to see which topics have already been requested and assigned and which topics are still available.

Purpose of Project

The purpose of the project is to demonstrate your abilities in the skills covered thus far in the course (e.g., communicating, facilitating team success), while also allowing you to refine and demonstrate your ability to engage in research and critical thinking.  

Key Tasks

Form a group and notify instructor of your proposed topic.

Develop a contract and work plan that outlines how you will work together to complete this project (5% of course mark).

Identify the key points covered in the applicable chapter in your textbook.

Conduct additional research on your topic using at least 6 relatively recent (published in 2015 or later) academic peer-reviewed empirical articles from research journals plus supplemental content from professional associations and credible sources.

Paraphrase your findings (put into your own words to avoid plagiarism) and cite your sources using APA format.

Prepare a written report to outline your paraphrased findings (15% of course mark). Note: must include in-report citations and an APA reference list.

Develop a slide deck and record an oral presentation to your classmates about your key findings (10% of course mark).

Suggested Approach

Here is a brief outline of the steps that you will take to complete this project:

1.  Self-select into a group (or advise instructor you wish to be placed in a group).
Select your proposed topic. Email the instructor the names of your
group members and proposed topic no later than July 19.  

      Note: As submissions are approved on a first come basis, you may wish to
submit your topic as soon as possible to avoid disappointment.

2.  Submit a Team Contract and Work Plan (use templates provided) by July 21
 that specifies your project objectives, agreed-upon processes for working
together, and assigned tasks for completing the required work, along with
associated due dates.  

     In particular, you should specify how you will communicate, make decisions,
resolve differences of opinion, and create documents in some kind of a shared
folder (e.g., google drive).  It is recommended that you use Blackboard
Collaborate for virtual team meetings and strive to use your web cam.  See
separate section on Blackboard for information on this tool. Many teams
the fatal mistake of thinking virtual meetings are not required as they can
communicate and do their work through text-based discussions (e.g.,
emails).  However, as you will see in the communication chapter,
misunderstandings and conflict often result from this limited communication
channel.  

     Your work plan should list all the tasks required to complete your project,
including who will submit the various required documents on behalf of the
team by the due dates. You will also need to assign responsibility
for all members to critique the content provided by others so that your
content is comprehensive, useful, and clearly presented.

3.  Scan the textbook content and other research material to determine the
scope of content that should be included in your work. The required six research
articles should be original, empirical, peer-reviewed research articles (e.g., Academy
of Management Journal, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Management,
Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Business Ethics). You should also draw from
articles/webpages of credible professional associations and other media (e.g., Harvard
Business Review, Forbes, etc.).

4. Prepare an outline of proposed content for your written research report (does not get submitted):

    –  Introduction which provides some interesting information to hook the
audience’s attention and describe the importance/magnitude of the topic

    –  Body which is comprised of several paragraphs that convey your main points

    –  Conclusion which serves to summarize key learnings and encourage the
audience to take some action

    –  Reference List (contains all your research sources in APA format)
 
    –  Appendixes (supplementary information)

5.  Conduct detailed research and organize your research findings according to your
content outline.

     Use at least six academic peer-reviewed articles, in addition to your textbook
and other credible information sources such as business magazines and
     webpages.

     Remember that to avoid plagiarism, you need to formally quote some key
phrases from the author and put their findings into your own words by
summarizing or paraphrasing their research.

6.  Provide feedback to your team members on their findings (strengths and
opportunities for improvement), considering how their work aligns with the
work plan and agreed upon team processes. Resolve duplicate content and gaps.

7.  Draft your written research report, being sure to include in-report citations.  All members
should review the draft to ensure it is well written, has an organized flow, and
contains all key points, with no repetition.

8. Prepare a reference list in APA form for all the research sources used in your
written report (minimum of six academic journals plus the textbook and other
credible sources). The reference list goes on a separate page at the end of
your written report.

9.  Submit your written research report by July 30.

10.  Prepare a slide deck with speaking points for your oral presentation.  It
should contain key content from your written report and similarly have an
introduction with a compelling hook, a body to highlight key findings, and a
conclusion to summarize important learnings. Your presentation should
help your classmates learn the skill both by exposing them to the important
concepts and ideas involved in the skill, and by providing them some insights
into what the skill looks like in practice.

    You must include citations on the applicable slides.  A minimum of three
sources (articles) is required and they can be the same as those used in your
written report.

11.  Practice the delivery of your presentation, striving to give each member equal
speaking time.

12.  Finalize your slide deck and speaking points and use Blackboard Collaborate to
made one recording containing content presented by all members (audio only
with no web cams). Your recording and slide deck must be submitted by August 4.
Recordings made in a medium other than Blackboard Collaborate will NOT be
accepted and will receive a grade of 0.

13. Discuss group member performance and complete and submit a mark allocation
worksheet by August 5 that specifies any required mark reductions for
non-performance. If you cannot agree on the mark reductions, then each member
should instead email their views to the instructor, along with detailed rationale.

 

Grading of Research Report

All members will receive the same grade, unless there are performance issues identified in the mark allocation worksheet.

Grading of Oral Presentation

Unless performance issues are identified in the mark allocation worksheet, all members will receive the same grade on the
slide deck that is worth 8% of the course grade. The rubric is available in Blackboard.

Members are then assessed on their individual delivery of their part of the presentation that is worth a further 2% of the
course grade.[supanova_question]

Propose a change to one aspect of your local or regional health

Week 7 Readings Biafore, Chapters 20, 21 and 22 Propose a change to one aspect of your local or regional health care system or program that would improve outcomes. Then, conduct a comparative analysis of other, non-U.S. health care systems, focusing on the proposed change. Summarize the proposed change and your comparative analysis in a 4-5 page report.

Introduction

Health care systems around the world provide useful models for analysis. Familiarity with different models and approaches to health care enables leaders to identify what works and what does not, as the basis for proposing a change. As we continue to evaluate the complex and fragmented system in the United States, it is important for nurse leaders to become familiar with the programs and systems that provide evidence-based quality care that is affordable and focused on continual improvement.

This assessment provides an opportunity to examine a local or regional health care issue from a global perspective.

Preparation

Your organization, in collaboration with the key stakeholders from the community, is funding an initiative to investigate potential improvements in the local or regional health care system. As a nurse leader attuned to the effects of health care policy and finance on the provision of affordable, high-quality care, you have been asked to join the task force conducting the study.

You know that an examination of other countries’ health care systems can provide a solid, evidence-based foundation for evaluating outcomes and identifying benchmarks. Consequently, you have decided to undertake an analysis of selected, non-U.S. health care systems and compare them to each other and to the existing local or regional U.S. system to help inform decision making as the task force considers proposed changes.

In this assessment, you will propose a change to one aspect of your local or regional health care system or program. Conduct a comparative analysis of different health care systems and summarize your proposed change and findings from your analysis in a report to executive leaders. To prepare for your assessment, you are encouraged to begin thinking about the non-U.S. health care systems you might like to examine. In addition, you may wish to:

Review the assessment requirements and scoring guide to ensure that you understand the work you will be asked to complete.

Review Guiding Questions: Proposing Evidence-Based Change [DOCX], which includes questions to consider and additional guidance on how to successfully complete the assessment.

TEMPLATES

Use this template for your summary report.

Summary Report Template [DOCX].

Requirements

Complete this assessment in three steps:

Propose a change to one aspect of your local or regional health care system or program that would improve outcomes.

Conduct a comparative analysis of different health care systems, focusing on one aspect of the system you are proposing to change.

Summarize your proposed change and the results of your comparative analysis in a report to executive leaders.

The summary report requirements outlined below, correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide for Proposing Evidence-Based Change, so be sure to address each point. Read the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed. The Guiding Questions: Proposing Evidence-Based Change document provides additional considerations that may be helpful in completing your assessment. In addition, be sure to note the requirements below for document format and length and for citing supporting evidence.

Identify an aspect of a local or regional health care system or program that should be a focus for change.

Define desirable outcomes, including who will pay for care and factors limiting achievement of those outcomes.

Analyze two non-U.S. health care systems or programs that offer insight into a proposed change for a health care system or program in the United States.

Choose one of the following options for selecting the two systems or programs:

Option 1: Select two systems at opposite ends of the scale in terms of desirable outcomes for the issue reflected in your proposed change.

Option 2: Select two systems that both produce positive outcomes but take unique or innovative approaches to the problem.

Compare the outcomes in each non-U.S. system with each other and with present outcomes in your local or regional health care system.

Explain why specific changes will lead to improved outcomes.

Determine the financial and health implications associated with the proposed changes.

Address the implications of making the changes.

Address the implications of not making the changes.

Write clearly and concisely in a logically coherent and appropriate form and style.

Support assertions, arguments, propositions, and conclusions with relevant and credible evidence.

Document Format and Length

Use the Summary Report Template. This APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] can help you in writing and formatting your assessment. If you would like to use a different worksheet for your community health assessment, obtain prior approval from faculty.

Your summary report should be 4–5 pages in length, not including the title page and references page.

Be sure to apply correct APA formatting to all source citations and references.

Supporting Evidence

Cite 3–5 credible sources from peer-reviewed journals or professional industry publications to support your comparative analysis.

Additional Requirements

Be sure to delete all directions from the template before submitting your summary report. In addition, proofread your report to minimize errors that could distract readers and make it more difficult for them to focus on the substance of your analysis.

Competencies Measured

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

Competency 1: Identify the challenges and opportunities facing health care.

Identify an aspect of a local or regional health care system or program that should be a focus for change.

Competency 2: Compare the effects of different health care finance models and policy frameworks on resources and patient outcomes.

Define desirable outcomes, including who will pay for care and factors limiting achievement of those outcomes.

Analyze two non-U.S. health care systems or programs that offer insight into a proposed change for a health care system or program in the United States.

Competency 3: Evaluate the positive and negative influences of leaders on health care processes and outcomes.

Determine the financial and health implications of making—and not making—proposed changes to a health care system or program.

Competency 4: Develop proactive strategies to change the culture of the organization by incorporating evidence-based practices.

Explain why specific changes will lead to improved outcomes.

Competency 5: Communicate effectively with diverse audiences, in an appropriate form and style consistent with applicable organizational, professional, and scholarly standards.

Write clearly and concisely in a logically coherent and appropriate form and style.

Support assertions, arguments, propositions, and conclusions with relevant and credible evidence.[supanova_question]

Case Study

Case Study
Students are supposed to read the attached Case 2- Able Planet. Based on your understanding of the case and basic concepts of Entrepreneurship.
Answer the following question:
1. Experts say that entrepreneurs who need between $100,000 and $3 million often face the greatest obstacles when raising capital for their businesses. Why? (1.5 marks)
2. How should Kevin Semcken raise the $1.5 million in capital that Able Planet needs? Be sure to consider sources of both debt and equity financing. (1.5 marks)
3. Write a short memo to Kevin Semcken explaining what he should do before he approaches potential lenders and investors to maximize his chances of getting the capital that Able Planet needs. (2 marks)

The Answer must follow the outline points below:
Each answer should be within 200 to 500 range of word counts.
Reference
Note: You can support your answer by the course book.
You can use secondary source available on internet.
[supanova_question]

Social Determinants of Health Project due at 8pm Tonight.

Assignment: Social Determinants of Health
Develop a detailed presentation on the Social Determinants of Health
Do not copy and paste from websites. Any information on a slide must have a citation included on the slide in APA format
Provide detail in your own words of what each determinate is
Research and find what determinants are prevalent in your state (Louisiana)
Provide statistics and also address how these issues are being addressed
Be very aware of your grammar and spelling and citations
Presentation requires at least one video on the topic and also links to any sources used
Presentation must be at least 25 slides
Grading Rubric:
Title page
5
Basic description of determinates
15
Detailed information on each determinate, prevalence, and statistics
75
Presentation should be easy to read and not distracting. Not too many words and well organized. Enough detail to educate the reader on what is offered.
10
Spelling, grammar, organization.
25
References on last slide
20
Total Possible
150
Minimal Effort will result in minimal reward.

done
Seen
8 mins ago[supanova_question]

Week 7 Readings Biafore, Chapters 20, 21 and 22

PLEASE FOLLOW APA GUIDELINES!! Final Project: Theoretical Framework Paper Due week 8 – Papers must be APA formatted. The

PLEASE FOLLOW APA GUIDELINES!! Final Project: Theoretical Framework Paper Due week 8 – Papers must be APA formatted. The.

PLEASE FOLLOW APA GUIDELINES!!
Final Project: Theoretical Framework Paper Due week 8 – Papers must be APA formatted. The paper must be a minimum of six (6) pages not including title page, abstract, and references. Students are expected to use a minimum of five (5) scholarly peer-reviewed articles to enhance the content of their written work. Please use scholarly peer-reviewed articles within the past 5-7 years.

Select two of the theories explored in this course (e.g., social learning theory, system theory). * Social Learning Theory [supanova_question]

The Goal of the paper is to insure you have an Integrated

The Goal of the paper is to insure you have an Integrated Understanding of the Leadership Principles as reviewed and discussed that are in the Textbook: Student Leadership Challenge (James Kousek, Barry Posner). In addition you may also reference the Disney Leadership Principles (How’s the Culture in Your Kingdom?, Dan Cockerel) that we will be focusing on in the second half of the semester. All other class information such as Ethics and the two other books are options to include. (Building Block Essentials, 4th Ed. and Four Pillars of Employable Talent, 4th Ed by Dr. David Miles)

In addition, you may go outside our textbooks and utilize other references which are strongly recommended.

I am looking for:

1) APA format

2) clear message of your focus for this paper

3) utilizing references to support your leadership story, – critical thinking

4) Your integrated summary of leadership issues as focusing on your papers learning objectives -your clear voice.

You will be scored on ALL four areas. You decide the focus and approach you are taking and fully explain that in the front of the paper. Tell the reader where and why you are going in the direction you are. The rest of how you proceed is up to your objective and focus.

Options:

1-Do a comparison of the Kouzes Leadership teachings against the Disney Branded Leadership teachings.

2- Do a comparison of the Kouzes Leadership teachings against other common various styles of Leadership (site additional Resources)

3- Do a comparison of a real-world Leadership event or issue that was significant and compare both positive and negatives against the key principles in both Kouzes and Disney materials.

Or

All 3 or 2 options can be together.

You will receive a grade for the midterm and receive comments in return. You are expected to enhance this first submission as it will be included with your final submission of a completed paper. Your final exam grade will reflect the combined paper.

First 10 pages due October 12

Final paper due November 25[supanova_question]

Read Chapter 7 and view the following video clip: erxnX (2007, November

PLEASE FOLLOW APA GUIDELINES!! Final Project: Theoretical Framework Paper Due week 8 – Papers must be APA formatted. The Read Chapter 7 and view the following video clip:

erxnX (2007, November 1). Algeria cas study: Counterinsurgency and human rights [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/8Ag5iv1vwTE

Parenthetical citation: (erxnX, 2007)

4:02

**********

Using key terms and concepts from the reading, answer the following questions in a balanced way. 

FLN used Muslim women to carry bombs in to French cafes’ and targeted locations with large numbers of French youth; did you find the fact that women were used in terrorism attacks during this time period surprising?  Why or why not?

The FLN was decimated; the French won the battle but lost the war.  International support to include that of the US brought Algeria independence in 1962.  Why do you think there was international support for Algerian independence even though the FLN utilized terrorism to draw attention to their demands?  Explain.

Make sure to:

Write a short essay or paragraph of minimum 500 words. [POST YOUR WORD COUNT AT THE END OF YOUR MAIN POST.]

Use concrete examples/details and avoid generalities.

Address all questions.

Use proper grammar and punctuation.

Remember to cite your sources.

Do not plagiarize.  I run posts through Turnitin.

You will not be able to edit your assignment once you post, so please proofread and spell check before hitting post!

APA format

3 references including the book

The purpose of each discussion is for the student to conduct objective research on the topics discussed.  Many of the topics are controversial.  Please refrain from “venting” your personal opinions and perceptions of a given situation based solely on a personal experience or one you heard about.  You may use a personal experience to illustrate a point; however, the main content of your post should be research based (using scholarly research not biased “blogs” or Internet articles based on others’ opinions). Students should attempt to look at each situation in a balanced way.  Drawing conclusions should be based on what you have learned from the research and critically evaluating methodology, design or reasoning used in the research.

Main Post (MP): There is a 500-word essay response for EACH discussion board area. (Do not exceed 750 words; I will not read past this.)

Essay format.

“Essay” means basic paragraph format, not short answers to questions. (See: Basic Paragraph Format.

Use key terms and theories from the textbook. You should integrate some of the material from the reading and the video(s) into your response.

Avoid emotional language or informal speech (slang).

Avoid political aspersions.

[POST YOUR WORD COUNT AT THE END OF YOUR MAIN POST.]

Other Requirements: 

c) You must use in-text citations and list your references at the end of the Main Post.

This is how you cite your textbook:

References:

White. J. (2017). Terrorism and homeland security (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Parenthetical citation: (White, 2017)

Narrative citation:  White (2017) suggests that terrorism…

Note: Please do not try to answer the questions without first reading the assigned chapter and watching the videos; do not use a bunch of poppycock you find on the Internet.

Students should make reference to the materials provided in each discussion.

This is an abbreviated version of the requirements. Please read the complete list of requirements in the course syllabus![supanova_question]

PLEASE FOLLOW APA GUIDELINES!! Final Project: Theoretical Framework Paper Due week 8 – Papers must be APA formatted. The

I have a course work done but there is a task needs to be added. I have enclosed 3

I have a course work done but there is a task needs to be added. I have enclosed 3.

I have a course work done but there is a task needs to be added. I have enclosed 3 files: 1. Course work 2. Instructions for course work 3. A new task, job evaluation.

Basically, as per the new task job evaluation needs to be added into the course work including the calculation. This new task needs to be added into the table content[supanova_question]

Writing Question

Assignment
#4: Fiction Arguments. It’s been a long, productive semester, so let’s
take this last assignment and have some fun. We’ve learned a lot about
how to tailor our vocabulary, our register, and our overall rhetoric to a
certain audience or purpose. In this assignment, we will enter the
world of creativity. However, I’m not asking you to abandon all of the
lessons we’ve learned: I want arguments in these pieces.
Take
Kurt Vonnegut’s God Bless You, Dr. Kevorkian as a model and create
three fictional interviews with deceased people in order to advance an
argument about our society, culture, or existence in general.
To
be clear, I am asking that each of you write THREE brief “interviews”
that follow the same format/style as Vonnegut’s text. Each should be
approximately 200 words in length, so that they combine to be 600 words
or more.
The arguments
can be nearly anything you want, but they must matter to a significant
portion of society. In other words, you cannot make one that argues
something in your own private life. It must have societal implications.
The best ones tend to focus on existence more than politics or policy.
IMPORTANT
NOTE: Your subjects do not matter as much as the arguments you select,
so try to be creative about who you choose! I’d much rather read three
excellent arguments interviewing unknown people that you found in old
newspaper articles than three ordinary texts interviewing Michael
Jackson, Robin Williams, and Gandhi. Remember that I read at least 90 of
these per semester, so if a person is wildly famous, they’ve been done
before!
Last thing to note: emulate Vonnegut instead of relying on too much dialogue.
STEP 1:
Think
of three separate arguments that you want to make in these pieces.
Examples are hard to give because it’s so broad, but yours may look
something like this:
– Our society gives up on people after one mistake and we should not do that
– Working too much makes life unbearable so we should do more that brings us joy
– Prioritizing our online images takes away from authentic interactions with people
STEP 2:
Attach a deceased person to each idea so that you can make your point through them. Examples related to those above could be:
– Bill Buckner, whose error in Game 6 of the 1986 World Series haunted him the rest of his life
– Day Davis, a man who died on his first day working in a factory in Florida
– Henry David Thoreau, whose writings about being in nature inspired readers for generations
Try
to avoid the major religious figures, such as Jesus, Gandhi, Buddha,
etc. They are simply too difficult to encapsulate in a 200-word
assignment at the end of a college semester.
Also,
consider avoiding figures who are so popular that they are the first
that come to mind in an industry. For example, every semester, 5
students select Robin Williams, Michael Jackson, or other major pop
figures. If your argument about depression is perfect for someone like
Robin Williams, consider researching others who have suffered similar
fates. Try to be original!
STEP 3:
For
that nice finishing touch, try to format it in the way that Kurt
Vonnegut did. While I don’t mean you all need to find the right font and
margin settings (though this can look nice), I really want to see you
break your arguments up into small chunk paragraphs rather than just
writing in dense ones. YOU CAN EITHER SUBMIT A “TEXT ENTRY” AND FORMAT
IT ON CANVAS (easiest) OR YOU CAN ATTACH A FILE AS YOUR SUBMISSION –
BOTH WORK!
YOUR GRADE
WILL be a combination of effort, emulation of Vonnegut, and writing
mechanics/revision. The vast majority of the points you earn will be
based on your genuine engagement with the activity, so have fun but
really show me that you dive into the exercise (it’s short!).

done
Seen
8 mins ago[supanova_question]

I have a course work done but there is a task needs to be added. I have enclosed 3

I need two pages talking about BioMarin Phamacutical Inc, Pages needs to be highly detailed with an extreme focus

I need two pages talking about BioMarin Phamacutical Inc, Pages needs to be highly detailed with an extreme focus.

I need two pages talking about BioMarin Phamacutical Inc, Pages needs to be highly detailed with an extreme focus on the references

Page 1 talks about the reasons behind their high attrition rate and why their employees leaving, I need recent data, also quantitative data with valid and viable references

Page 2 talks about Low EBIT reasons in FY2020, and also reasons behind their weak demand forecasting skills

Please be detailed as much as you can, also have each slide reference separated, do not combine them

References cant be Wikipedia, Reddit, or any untrusted sites[supanova_question]

Rubrics 7-2 Discussion: Comparing Decision-Making Models Previous Next Decision-making models are critical

Rubrics

7-2 Discussion: Comparing Decision-Making Models

 

Previous Next 

Decision-making models are critical for making informed and consistent decisions. In this discussion, you will use what you have learned about decision-making models to solve the organizational problem below.

Scenario

Imagine that you are an organizational consultant for the SNHU Pet Supply Company. You have been asked to recommend who should lead a new initiative to expand the company’s online presence. After several discussions and interviews, the leadership team has shortlisted two candidates. Each candidate brings a different set of skills and expertise to the table, and each also poses a few challenges.

The first candidate, Myra, is a 15-year veteran of the organization who has worked her way up from an intern to a very capable product manager. She has extensive knowledge of the company’s products and services and embodies the company’s culture and vision in her work. Myra is not well-versed in e-commerce and the technologies that will be needed to implement and launch the company’s online initiative. However, she is a fast learner, and the management position doesn’t require too much in-depth knowledge of technologies.

The second candidate, Michael, was hired six months ago and shows great promise as a leader and manager. He has an MBA from a reputable university and worked for a technology startup for three years before joining the company. He has no experience in pet supplies or related industries, but knows how to launch an online company from the ground up.

In your initial post, address the following:

Compare and contrast two different decision-making models addressed in your course resources, explaining how each would be used to approach the hiring decision.

Recommend which of the two decision-making models would be the best suited to help make the hiring decision, and why.[supanova_question]

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Education Saudi Electronic University ??????? ???????

I need two pages talking about BioMarin Phamacutical Inc, Pages needs to be highly detailed with an extreme focus Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ministry of Education

Saudi Electronic University

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College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

Assignment-3

MGT402 – Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Deadline: 04/12/2021 @ 23:59

Course Name: Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Student’s Name:

Course Code: – MGT 402

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: I

CRN:

Academic Year: 1443/1444 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Read carefully Grading Rubric below for specific criteria: 0-5 Marks

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Assignment – 3

Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Submission Date by students: Before the end of Week- 13th

Place of Submission: Students Grade Centre

Weight: 05 Marks

Course Learning Outcome:

Demonstrate a solid understanding of the potential of entrepreneur in today’s competitive business world. (Lo 1.2).

Design a solid projected financial Plan and conduct a breakeven analysis for a small company. (Lo 2.5).

Demonstrate a thorough understanding regarding the importance of cash management for the success of a small business. (Lo 2.8).

Assignment Workload:

This assignment is an individual assignment.

Case Study

Students are supposed to read the attached Case 2- Able Planet. Based on your understanding of the case and basic concepts of Entrepreneurship.

Answer the following question:

1. Experts say that entrepreneurs who need between $100,000 and $3 million often face the greatest obstacles when raising capital for their businesses. Why? (1.5 marks)

2. How should Kevin Semcken raise the $1.5 million in capital that Able Planet needs? Be sure to consider sources of both debt and equity financing. (1.5 marks)

3. Write a short memo to Kevin Semcken explaining what he should do before he approaches potential lenders and investors to maximize his chances of getting the capital that Able Planet needs. (2 marks)

The Answer must follow the outline points below:

Each answer should be within 200 to 500 range of word counts.

Reference

Note: You can support your answer by the course book.

You can use secondary source available on internet.

Answer:

1.

2.

3.[supanova_question]

THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND THE DIGITAL DIVIDE The COVID-19 pandemic brought the

THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND THE DIGITAL DIVIDE

The COVID-19 pandemic brought the issue of the digital divide into the forefront and into the realm of reality. Up until the emergence of the pandemic, steps were being made to bridge the digital gap. On the other hand, the pandemic caused a wave that struck the most impoverished and dense communities, as well as those who did not have access to internet resources. Computer technology, rather than in-person services, is being used to meet the needs of people in the 21st century. Because a large portion of the globe is now digitally connected, the digital divide has also altered the way people interact. For most people, the pandemic has accelerated access to virtual platforms such as Zoom, WhatsApp or GoToMeeting. The subject of this paper starts by emphasizing the need to continue to develop technological advancements and bridge the digital gap. With technology, we can look at the world through four different lenses: history, social science, natural science, and humanities.

The history of the digital divide is discussed today to learn from and improve access to resources and the future. When you go back over the history of the digital divide, you will see a strong correlation between having access to education and technology. The digital divide was first termed 1990s “as a way to describe the gap in equity between those who have access to computers and the Internet and those who do not.” Today, in the twenty-first century, we may examine how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted people who do not have access to the internet in order to work remotely, register for the COVID-19 vaccination, or get online education.

The digital gap has been a well-known problem for many decades, yet only a small percentage of the population is fully aware of it. Technology is required for the preservation of mankind, as well as social duties and connections. Humans put great importance on their ability to connect with others via technology and social media platforms. Even though many individuals do not wish to be online, technology improvements and data collecting services have made it possible for data scientists to analyze and advise on market trends at a greater rate than ever before. The world of Cloud Computing has evolved in the twenty-first century, and advancements in information technology have opened up a new sector for data access and analytics to those interested. Economists have also claimed that a pandemic might drive people to transition to digital technology a lot faster. Separately, technology is a significant issue to discuss in terms of how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the digital divide and how it has been revised to put people in a better place to access online resources.

The COVID-19 pandemic is a major worldwide health pandemic on a vast scale. The pandemic prompted widespread behavioral change and imposed significant psychological stresses on people. Insights from social and behavioral sciences were studied, and outreach programs were made to help people align their mental health with recommendations such as outdoor activities, therapy, and ways to practice overall good health during quarantine. As a result of the crucial necessity to secure and disseminate information on the virus, several ways for ensuring that information on how the virus was transmitted were developed and implemented. Some of these examples include increased technology to prevent communication breakdowns, increased use of data analytics to scientists to forecast the next wave and come up with new strategies to battle the virus, all of which have contributed to our ability to avoid spread of the virus.

The pandemic had an impact on a number of different institutions in various ways. For example, t he pandemic had the greatest impact on the educational system, forcing people to learn remotely. Even for families that did not have access to technology prior to the pandemic, new technology in the households increased access to both online learning and health-care resources. Continuous investment in bridging the digital divide throughout the pandemic will provide access to the most up-to-date information on the virus and the vaccine for individuals who were not previously aware of it. Overall, educational institutions were affected by access to technology since it enabled them to provide better and safer ways of continuing to provide access to education.

References

Bave, J. J. (2020, April 30). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Retrieved from Nature.com: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-020-0884-z

Bernard, S. (2011, August 11). Crossing the Digital Divide: Bridges and Barriers to Digital Inclusion. Retrieved from www.edutopia.org: https://www.edutopia.org/digital-divide-technology-access-inclusion

Bestler, L. (2008, June 24). Is there a Correlation between the Digital Divide and College Access? Retrieved from http://www.laurabestler.org: http://www.laurabestler.org/is-there-a-correlation-between-the-digital-divide-and-college-access/

Hurley, A. (2016). Chasing the Frontiers of Digital Technology: Public History Meets the Digital Divide. JSTOR, 20. Retrieved from Chasing the Frontiers of Digital Technology: Public History Meets the Digital Divide

Paulette Cha, N. G. (2021, August 10). PPIC. Retrieved from The Digital Divide Has Narrowed but Still Affects California’s Children: https://www.ppic.org/blog/the-digital-divide-has-narrowed-but-still-affects-californias-children/

The World Bank. (n.d.). Retrieved from Governance & Institutions COVID-19 Response Resources: https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/governance/brief/governance-institutions-covid-19-response-resources[supanova_question]

I need two pages talking about BioMarin Phamacutical Inc, Pages needs to be highly detailed with an extreme focus

HRD 2000 Self Reflection Essay

HRD 2000 Self Reflection Essay.

At the end of the term, each student should write and upload in the Assignment tab, a (no less than) 3-page, double-spaced paper in the first person on what they learned from this course. The paper will be a personal assessment, a culmination of the students learning demonstrating the self-knowledge gained.

Criteria for grading this paper. I will include the student’s level of insightfulness, the degree of self-discovery, and how personal perspectives have been shaped or reshaped. The them of this paper should be centered on the context (i.e., the subject matter) of this course, class discussions, and the processes used (i.e., the tools used in Blackboard, Assignments, etc.). This paper should be written in APA format that includes 1) a title page with your name, 2) double-spaced, 3) page numbers, 4) uses 12-point Times New Roman or Arial font, 5) Includes section labels as identified in APA, and 6) includes a reference page for any in-text citied sources.[supanova_question]

THE USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) IN PRECISION AGRICULTURE 2 Running

THE USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) IN PRECISION AGRICULTURE 2

Running head: THE USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) IN PRECISION AGRICULTURE 1

The Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) in Precision Agriculture

Sami Albalawi

Chapter 2: Review of the Literature

This chapter aims to discuss existing literature on the use of unmanned autonomous vehicles in precision agriculture. Specifically, the chapter will describe the theoretical framework of the study, which will clearly define the theoretical concepts supporting the need of a study focusing on the use of UAVs in precision agriculture. Furthermore, the literature review will explore precision agriculture as well as its practices in order to identify possible application areas of UAVs in the practice. As well, the literature review will describe UAVs in general as well as present the different types of UAVs based on their technical characteristics. Lastly, the section will present existing literature on the optimal choice of UAVs for precision agriculture. Generally, the literature will help this study develop a feasible and efficient research plan towards achieving empirical and objective conclusions.

2.1 Theoretical Framework

In general, the main goal of this study is to determine the impact of the technical characteristics of UAVs on their application in precision agriculture. Consequently, the study will enable farmers to determine the design aspects to look for in selecting a UAV that meets their needed application in precision agriculture. Furthermore, the study will enable UAV manufacturers identify the technical areas that can be focused on towards providing sustainable UAV capabilities dedicated towards promoting the use of UAVs in precision agriculture. Similarly, based on the fact that the adoption of UAVs in precision agriculture is an emergent trend, the technology innovation system (TIS) framework will form the theoretical basis for this study. Specifically, the TIS model promotes the adoption of technological solutions within an industry towards innovation wherein the framework will significantly support the need for innovative technological applications in the agricultural sector.

Essentially, the technology innovation system (TIS) framework is broadly adopted to study the emergence and growth of innovative technological systems and industries. Moreover, the framework approaches the study by considering the interaction between agents, which highlights the integration and adoption of a particular technology rather than on merely on the production of the technology (Orjuela-Garzon et al. 2021). Hence, the model generally rationalizes the need to study, and thus support, the application of UAVs in precision agriculture by describing the internal characteristics as well as decisions made by the various agents taking part in the innovation process. In other words, the study will enhance the adoption of UAVs in precision agriculture by supporting the decision made by farmers towards promoting innovative agricultural practices.

Furthermore, the second theoretical model applied in this study involves the technology acceptance model. The model establishes the factors to consider in determining the decision making process concerning the adoption of technological solutions in a particular industry (Verma & Sinha, 2018). Fundamentally, the model allows us to determine the adoption of innovative systems from a user-centered perspective. Hence, this model enhances the study whereby it necessitates the need for insight on the decision making process of farmers on the adoption of UAVs in precision agriculture.

2.2 Conceptual Framework

Generally, since the use of UAVs in precision agricultural practices is an emergent trend, the innovation is yet to involve UAVs with specialized technical attributes that support agricultural practices. Essentially, the UAVs used in precision agriculture involve general-purpose UAVs being adapted into agriculture (Naji, 2019). Hence, this study aims to give insight on the technical design principles that can be considered in developing UAVs specifically targeting the agricultural sector. In this light, the independent variables include the technical characteristics of UAVs. The independent variables are considered to influence their capabilities as well as throughput in precision agriculture, which translates to the likelihood of a farmer to select adopting UAVs.

On the other hand, the dependent variables of the study include the capabilities and perceived throughput of UAVs in supporting precision agricultural practices. A UAV’s capability and throughput is largely dependent on its technical characteristics, which constitutes one the critical elements that farmers consider when making decisions concerning adopting UAVs. In general, the study will support future research focusing on developing general-purpose UAV designs meant for supporting all precision agricultural applications. This means that rather purchasing various UAVs to carry out different agricultural tasks, a farmer can purchase a single UAV to perform multispectral imaging, seeding, spraying, as well as vegetation and topographical survey among other applications.

2.3 Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles

Precision agriculture is largely facilitated by information and technological systems that support effective management of agronomic variables, in terms of right timing and place, on the quantity of input materials towards crop production. As a result, farmers are able to proactively detect and manage agricultural issues before they become out of hand and make informed decisions on controlling agronomic variables towards increasing agricultural production (Santos et al. 2019). Hence, substantial data collection and real time analysis techniques are required to facilitate monitoring of plant characteristics and variations as well as efficiently determine suitable interventions rapidly and accurately (Petkovics et al. 2017). Furthermore, early pest, weed, and disease detection, identification of leaf health based on its reflectance, performing soil quality analyses, water stress, crop anomalies, and nutritional deficit are critical activities that enhance the benefits of precision agriculture (Fonovic, 2021).

Similarly, technology plays a fundamental role in supporting real-time data collection and analysis in PA. In particular, UAVs are increasingly being promoted as cost-effective technology for facilitating substantial data collection and real-time analysis in precision agriculture compared to the conventional use of satellite images and airplanes. This is mainly because UAVs offers high-resolution images that allow farmers to zoom into even much smaller scales, such as centimeters (Lopez-Granados et al. 2016; Corrigan, 2020). Moreover, UAVs are shown to cost-effectively support real-time monitoring of plants as well as cultivated and fallow land, which largely surpasses the use of satellite images as well as orbital sensors.

2.3.1 Common features of a UAV

Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles (UAV) refers to an aircraft without a human pilot, passengers, or a crew on board, which is remotely controlled by an operator. According to Santos et al. (2019), UAVs perform remote sensing functions by way of electromagnetic energy to determine the chemical and physical properties of objects from a distance. Furthermore, since they are remotely operated from a base station, its adoption is considered efficient due to the flexibility, extensiveness, timeliness, and non-invasive operation of UAVs. Generally, UAVs are categorized based on four categories consisting of aerodynamic features, level of autonomy, power source, and size and weight. These are categories are important since they enable users develop an ideal criteria for selecting an optimal UAV to effectively meet the need for adopting a UAV for precision agriculture.

The general technical features of UAVs involve a global navigation satellite system (GNSS), which offers positioning and location information. Furthermore, UAVs have cameras used for aerial photographing and filming as well as spectral imaging. As well, UAVs normally come with radio receivers and transmitters and a power source, either fuel cell, solar, kerosene, battery, or a combination of them. Also, UAVs can be fitted with devices for measuring topographical aspects, such as altitude, as well as for direction. A combination of the various devices largely enables an individual to perform various tasks particularly in precision agriculture. Nevertheless, UAVs performance largely varies based on various aspects such as the type of power source used, the type of aerodynamic features, as well as level of autonomy as shown in the subsection below.

2.3.2 UAV Types on the basis of Aerodynamic Features

In general, UAVs are classified into three types based on their aerodynamic features, these include: fixed-wing, rotary-wing, and hybrid-winged UAVs (Vergouw et al. 2016). The fixed-wing UAV type includes a predefined airfoil of fixed and static wings that offer lift based on the forward speed of air. Moreover, controlling the fixed-wing UAV is performed by remotely angling ailerons, elevators, and rudders attached to the wings. Specifically, Radoglou-Grammatikis et al. (2020) assert that these control components enable the operators to invoke pitch, roll, and yaw angles respectively. The figure below illustrates a fixed-wing UAV.

Fig. 1: Fixed-wing UAVs

Fig. 1: Fixed-wing UAVs

Some of the advantages of fixed-wing UAVs entail require less energy than rotor-winged UAVs since they used their static airfoils to remain suspended in air (Delavarpour et al. 2021). It static airfoil also enables the UAV to fly longer with minimal power consumption. Due to their longer flight time, they are suitable for long distance operations. Nevertheless, they cannot hover over a specific spot and thus unsuitable for aerial photography. Furthermore, their operation is complex and thus the operator must have exceptional flying skills. As well, they are shown to be more expensive than rotor-winged UAVs.

Contextually, the rotor-winged UAV features several rotors that produce the airflow power required to lift it and keep it suspended over the ground (González-Jorge et al. 2017). Hence, this type of UAV significantly varies from the fixed-wing UAV, whereby it fundamentally does not rely on forward airflow speed to generate lift. As well, its maneuverability mainly depends on the thrust and torque of the rotors. For instance, the yaw movement is determined by the speed of its diagonal rotors, rather than rudders. In fact, it does not have such features as part of its components. Furthermore, Daponte et al. (2019) assert that rotor-winged UAVs are further classified based on the number of onboard rotors, including octocopters (8), hexacopters (6), quadcopters (4), and tricopters (3).

Fig. 2: Rotary-wing UAVs

Fig. 2: Rotary-wing UAVs

According to Norasma et al. (2019), the advantages of rotor-winged UAVs encompass better and easier remote operation, which makes them suitable for people with minimal flying skills. Furthermore, they can carry a heavier payload than fixed winged UAVs, which makes ideal for applications such as seeding and spraying in farms. As well, the UAV can hover over a particular spot, which makes them suitable for aerial photography and imaging (Mogili, 2021). Nevertheless, the drawbacks of the rotor-winged UAV involve limited speed, flying time, and durability. This is mainly associated with their heavy size as well as the needs a lot of power for flying.

Similarly, the hybrid-winged UAV combines aerodynamic features of both the rotor- and fixed-winged UAVs. Essentially, the hybrid-winged UAV generates lift as well as land using the rotors whereas uses its wings to fly for long-distances. According to Vergouw et al. (2016), this type of UAV offers the benefits found in both fixed- and rotary-winged UAVs. They are best suited for aerial surveillance and remote scanning over long distances.

Fig. 3: Rotary-wing UAVs

Fig. 3: Rotary-wing UAVs

2.3.3 UAV Types on the basis of Level of Autonomy

Since UAVs are operated remotely in complete absence of an onboard pilot, the level of autonomy is a crucial technical design category. In this scope, it is important to differentiate autonomous from automatic aircraft systems. Hence, an automatic aircraft system involves the operator predefining the set of activity variables of the aircraft system to perform without deviation. On the other hand, autonomous aircraft systems involve UAVs that allow the operator to deviate from a set of reprogrammed procedures (Radoglou-Grammatiki et al. 2020). Primarily, there are four levels of autonomy used in categorizing UAVs.

The first type is the human-operated aircraft systems where the operator controls all operations of the UAV. The human delegated system is the second category of autonomous UAVs, which involves the system autonomously making some restrictions on certain human-related operations. As well, the human supervised aircraft system takes decisions as directed by a human operator, whereby both the operator and aircraft can perform actions with regard to the provided instructions. Lastly, the four level of autonomous aircraft systems involves A fully automatic UAV, where the operator only intervenes in case of critical decisions need to be made, otherwise the UAV operates based on the preset instructions (Al-Darraji et al. 2021).

2.3.4 UAV Types on the basis of Power Source

Moreover, UAVs are also categorized based on the fuel used as power source. Specifically, Boukoberine et al. (2019) asserts that there are four power source categories used in UAVs based on what fuels their system. This includes kerosene-fueled UAVs, which normally encompass large fixed-wing UAVs used for military missions. Contrariwise, small rotary-winged UAVs, such as a tricopter, may use battery-cells as their power source. This is mainly because they are normally used for short-range activities. As well, fuel cells involves a power source that converts chemical substances to electrical power. Fixed-wing UAVs commonly use this power source to increase its flying time (Dudek et al. 2021). Lastly, the solar cell UAVs refer to systems that use solar energy as power source. They are commonly used in both rotary- and fixed-wing UAVs. Specifically, Facebook and Google are focusing on such type of UAV power sources to increase internet coverage and connectivity even in remote areas (Townsend et al. 2020).

References

Al-Darraji, I., Derbali, M., Jerbi, H., Khan, F., Jan, S., Piromalis, D., Tsaramirsis, G. (2021). Computers, Materials & Continua, 68(2), 2771-2790. DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017236

Boukoberine, M., Zhou, Z., Benbouzid, M. (2019). A Critical Review on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Power Supply and Energy Management: Solutions, Strategies, and Prospects. Applied Energy, 255(1), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113823

Corrigan, F. (2020). Multispectral Imaging Camera Drones In Farming Yield Big Benefits. DroneZon.com, https://www.dronezon.com/learn-about-drones-quadcopters/multispectral-sensor-drones-in-farming-yield-big-benefits/

Daponte, P., Vito, L., Glielmo, L., Iannelli, L., Liuzza, D., Picariello, F., Silano, G. (2019). A review on the use of drones for precision agriculture. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 275. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/275/1/012022

Delavarpour, N., Koparan, C., Nowatzki, J., Bajwa, S., Sun, X. A. (2021). Technical Study on UAV Characteristics for Precision Agriculture Applications and Associated Practical Challenges.
Remote Sensing, 13(1204). https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13061204

Dudek, M., Lis, B., Ra´zniak, A., Krauz, M., Kawalec, M. (2021) Selected Aspects of Designing Modular PEMFC Stacks as Power Sources for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Applied Sciences, 11(675). https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020675

Folnovi?, T. (2021). Benefits of Using Precision Farming: Producing More With Less. Agrivi, https://www.agrivi.com/blog/benefits-of-using-precision-farming-producing-more-with-less/

González-Jorge, H., Martínez-Sánchez, J., Bueno, M., et al. (2017). Unmanned aerial systems for civil applications: A Review. Drones, 1(1), https://doi.org/10.3390/drones1010002.

López-Granados, F., Torres-Sánchez, J., De Castro, A.I., SerranoPérez, A., Mesas-Carrascosa, F. J., & Peña, J. M. (2016). Object-based early monitoring of a grass weed in a grass crop using high resolution UAV imagery. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 36(4), pp. 36-67,
2016. DOI: 10.1007/s13593-016-0405-7.

Mogili, A. (2021). Influence of Drone Rotors over Droplet Distribution in Precision Agriculture. In Deepak B.B.V.L., Parhi D.R.K., Biswal B.B. (eds), Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Innovative Product Design (pp. 401-410). Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-9853-1_34

Norasma, C., Fadzilah, M., Roslin, N., Zanariah, Z., Tarmidi, Z., Candra, F. (2019). Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Applications In Agriculture. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 506. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/506/1/012063

Orjuela-Garzon, W., Quintero, S., Giraldo, D.P., Lotero, L., Nieto-Londoño, C. (2021). A Theoretical Framework for Analysing Technology Transfer Processes Using Agent-Based Modelling: A Case Study on Massive Technology Adoption (AMTEC) Program on Rice Production. Sustainability, 13(11143). https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011143

Petkovics, I., Simon, J., Petkovics, A., ?ovi?, Z. (2017). Selection of unmanned aerial vehicle for precision agriculture with multi-criteria decision making algorithm. Presented in the 2017 IEEE 15th International Symposium on Intelligent Systems and Informatics (SISY) (pp. 151-156). Subotica, Serbia. DOI: 10.1109/SISY.2017.8080543.

Radoglou-Grammatikis, P., Sarigiannidis, A., Lagkas, T., Moscholios, I. (2020). A compilation of UAV applications for precision agriculture. Computer Networks, 172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2020.107148

Santos, L. M., Ferraz, G. A., Barbosa, B. S., Andrade, A.D. (2019). Use of remotely piloted aircraft in precision agriculture: a review. DYNA, 86(210), pp. 284-291.

Townsend, A., Jiya, I., Martinson, C., Bessarabov, D., Gouws, R. (2020). A comprehensive review of energy sources for unmanned aerial vehicles, their shortfalls and opportunities for improvements. Heliyon, 6(11), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05285

Verma, P., Sinha, N. (2018). Integrating perceived economic wellbeing to technology acceptance model: The case of mobile based agricultural extension service. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 126, 207–216.

Vergouw, B., Nagel, H., Bondt, G., Custers, B. (2016). Drone Technology: Types, Payloads, Applications, Frequency Spectrum Issues and Future Developments, in: The Future of Drone Use (pp. 21–45). The Hague, Netherlands: T.M.C. Asser Press[supanova_question]

GUIDELINES FOR POSTERS (no presentation component) The poster is an opportunity to

HRD 2000 Self Reflection Essay GUIDELINES FOR POSTERS (no presentation component)

The poster is an opportunity to synthesize and showcase all your learning over the term.

Components:

Title & Author (you!)

Introduction – abstract or topic overview

Theoretical constructs/concepts/framework, and how this is applied

Research on the topic

Application in your topic

Acknowledgements; the name of the supervisor/agency should be included on the poster

Evaluation Criteria

Posters will be evaluated based on:

Quality of content – overview; related research; theoretical perspective(s); application

Content organization – is it written logically, coherently, understandable?

Introduction/abstract – do they draw in audience? Is topic described well?

Poster design – attractive? use of colours, graphics; balance with text? readable font?

Standard requirements:

Size – 24”x 36” (61 x 92 cm) (landscape layout)[supanova_question]

7 Boeing Company Student Name Lecturers Name Institution Course Date Boeing Company

7

Boeing Company

Student Name

Lecturers Name

Institution

Course

Date

Boeing Company

Profit Ratios

Gross Profit margin

Boeing experienced an increase in its gross profit margin in 2016,2017 and 2018. In 2016, the gross profit margin stood at 15.5%, a 6.1% increase. In 2017, the gross profit margin increased to 18.5%, representing a 19.6% increase. Finally, in 2018, the corporation’s gross profit margin stood at 19.4%, a 5% increase (Finbox, 2021). It’s also worth noting that the gross profit margin for the corporation’s years, indeed between 2016 and 2020, averaged 11.3%. Regardless, the corporation’s gross profit margin ratio reduced from 2018 to 2019, and it also deteriorated from 2019 to 2020. In 2019, the gross profit margin decreased to 6.2%, a -68% depreciation, and in 2020, it reduced to -2.9%, which was a -166.7% reduction.

Net Profit Margin

Boeing’s net profit margin between 2016 and 2020 averaged 11.3%. The peak of net profit margin was seen in 2018, where it stood at 19.4%. In 2016, the corporation’s NPM stood at 15.5%, representing a 6.1% increment. In 2017, the NPR food at 18.5% representing a 19.6% increment while in 2018, it stood at 19.4% representing a 5% increase (Finbox, 2021). The net profit margin decreases in the 2019 and 2020 financial years. In 2019, the NPM stood at 6.2% representing a -68% decline while in 2020, it stood at -2.9% representing a -146.7% decline.

Return on Assets

The corporation’s return on assets for the five years between 2016 and 2020 averaged 2.8%. It’s worth noting that Boeing’s return on assets was at its peak in 2018, where it stood at 9.1%. However, the ratio hit an all-time low of -8.4% in 2020. Based on the corporation’s financial records, in 2016, the return on assets stood at 5.5%, a -1.2% depreciation (Finbox, 2021). In 2017, the ROA ratio increased to 8.4%, representing a 53.1% increase, while in 2018, the ROA stood at 9.1%, representing an 8.1% increase. However, in the 2019 financial year, the ROA stood at -0.5%, a -105.6% decline. In 2020, the ROA stood at -8.4%, representing a 1549% increment.

Return on Equity

The corporation’s return on equity has ranged between 23% and 314% between 2016 and 2020. It’s worth noting that Booking has the highest return on equity compared to its peer groups, such as Lockheed Martin Corporation, General Dynamics Corporation, and Northrop Grumman Corporation, which are aerospace corporations in the civilian and defense industries (Finbox, 2021).

Most Profitable Segment

Boeing offers service, support, and design for autonomous systems, human space exploration systems, satellites, and military aircraft. Based on its return on equity ratio, it is evident that this is its most profitable segment (Finbox, 2021). Revenue generated from this segment has steadily grown since 2016, and reports demonstrate that Boeing Defense Space and Security contributed over 28% of the total revenue in the 2019 financial year (Forbes, 2021). In the second quarter of 2019, the corporation experienced an increase in BDS revenue to 41%. The BDS segment has been the steadiest, probably since Boeing provides unparalleled market support for its fleet. It is worth noting that the segment was introduced in 2016 and has since experienced continued growth. Above all, Boeing continues innovating and expanding the BDS segment to meet its client’s needs and preferences.

Boeing SWOT Analysis

Boeing corporation operates globally and has over 150,000 employees. The corporation is a market leader in the technology, defense, aviation, and aerospace sectors, and it offers its products and services to federal governments in over 150 countries and commercial airlines (Momin, 2021). The corporation’s product line includes; information systems, performance-based training, logistics, a launch system, satellites, defense systems, commercial and military aircraft. Given the corporation’s success in the industry, here is its SWOT analysis.

Strengths

Its Supply Chain

Boeing airplanes require over 2 million parts during manufacturing, which involves networking and global partnerships that would ensure product delivery. Boeing has established a solid supply chain that aids in sourcing and supplying materials necessary for manufacturing.

Diversity in Product Range

Boeing’s greatest strength is its ability to deliver various products. The corporation manufactures corporate jets, private jet planes, commercial planes, among other products, giving it an edge over competitors who offer limited products.

Innovation and Leadership

The corporation has built a solid reputation for leadership and product innovation in the defense and aerospace industry. Study reports cite that Boeing invested over $2 billion in research and development in the financial year 2020, which would aid in the improvement of its product and service range (Momin, 2021).

Solid Market Share

Study reports suggest that the corporation is the second-largest aerospace corporation, and this is after being overtaken by archival Airbus. The corporation has a substantial market share given its influence and economies of scale (Momin, 2021). Also, the corporation receives billions of dollars’ worth of contacts and has diversified its product and services, which enables it to develop a substantial market share,

Weaknesses

Poor Labor Management

Considering the vast task force, the corporation finds it hard to manage them since they are spread worldwide. It’s also challenging to maintain consistency in the set standards given the considerable task force.

Increased Debt Levels

Study reports suggest that Boeing corporation experiences continuous regulatory approval delays for the 737 airplanes. They have 77 inventories, and the COVID-19 pandemic has affected them, increasing its debts from $10 billion to $82 billion as of 2020.

Over-Reliance on Outsourcing

Boeing imports most of its components and raw materials from foreign nations, creating supply chain problems.

Opportunities

Adopting Environmentally Friendly Technology

The corporation can reduce its carbon footprint by adopting environmentally friendly technologies, which could enhance its brand image. The corporation has recently tested new technology that could reduce harmful emissions and noise pollution. Such initiatives could improve the company’s image.

Space Forces

The recent launch of the Space Forces creates an opportunity for Boeing to be the US government’s main contractor (Ravi, 2020). However, they must compete with Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin to secure the position.

Increased Demand for Products

There has been a soaring demand for satellite technologies, and this provides an opportunity for the corporation to develop new and advanced products to satisfy the market demand.

Threats

The Covid-19 Pandemic

The recent Coronavirus pandemic has affected local and international traveling, reducing business for most airlines. If the pandemic persists, some airlines could go bankrupt, affecting Boeing’s manufacturing and income.

Increased Competition

Boeing continues to face increased competition from the likes of Airbus. The competitors threaten Boeing’s customer base, and they threaten its market share dominance.

Damaged Public Image

The recent Boeing airplane fatal accident damaged the corporation’s image (Momin, 2021). Some people have developed air traveling phobia, given the recent terrorist and airplane hijacking events that have damaged their perceptions.

Recommendations

The corporation’s SWOT analysis demonstrates several scopes that it should address to perform better and retain its market lead. As such, the management should consider lowering the cost of producing airplanes to meet that of competitors. The corporation should consider offering discounts to loyal clients to compete with Airbus, who have taken the market lead. It’s also essential to address the soaring demand for satellite technologies since this is an opportunity for the corporation to develop new and advanced products to satisfy the market demand. Above all, Boeing should address production challenges by sourcing raw materials from trusted suppliers to ensure successful product delivery.

References

Forbes. (2021). Retrieved 5 December 2021, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2020/01/02/how-much-of-boeings-revenues-comes-from-the-us-government/?sh=26584c7a5144

Finbox. (2021). Retrieved 5 December 2021, from https://finbox.com/NYSE:BA/explorer/gp_margin

Momin Abdul. (2021). Retrieved 5 December 2021, from https://pestleanalysis.com/boeing-swot-analysis/

Ravi, A. K. (2020). Reinventing strategic management: An evolutionary perspective. Asian Journal of Management, 11(4), 429-433.[supanova_question]

File type- cpp(c++) CODE-1 struct node { int data; struct node *next;

File type- cpp(c++)

CODE-1

struct node {

int data;

struct node *next;

};

-> Defined a structure for a single node..which is later used to build a linked list(ll).

CODE-2

void Push(struct node **headRef, int data) {

struct node *newNode = new struct node;

newNode->data = data;

newNode->next = *headRef;

*headRef = newNode;

}

-> Push() function has two arguments headRef which is the head of the ll …..if ll size is 0, the headRef is NULL. In push function() we add new nodes to the linkedlist(ll)

CODE-3

void Print(struct node *head) {

struct node *current = head;

while (true) {

cout <data;

current = current->next;

if (current != NULL) {

cout < “;

} else {

cout << "\n";

break;

}

}

}

-> Print() takes head of the ll as argument. It runs a while loop until current->next becomes NULL, which says that it has traversed and printed the whole ll and it has reached end of the ll.

IT PRINTS THE LL LIKE THIS 1->4->7->8->9 where 1,4,7,8,9 are the node data.

CODE-4

int Length(struct node *head) {

struct node *current = head;

int counter = 0;

while (current != NULL) {

counter++;

current = current->next;

}

return counter;

}

-> It takes head as argument and count the length of the ll. First a variable counter is set to 0 which increments its value until end of the ll is reached.

Eg.-> 1->4->7->8->9 length=5

CODE-5

void PrintRecursive(struct node *head) {

if (head == NULL)

return;

cout <data << endl;

PrintRecursive(head->next);

}

-> This is same as code 3 used to print the ll, but here we use recursion where the function keeps on calling itself until head=null

CODE-6

void AddToEnd(struct node **headRef, int data) {

struct node *current = *headRef;

if (current == NULL) {

Push(headRef, data);

} else {

while (current->next != NULL) {

current = current->next;

}

Push(&(current->next), data);

}

}

-> This is used to add a node at the end of the ll. Here we first traverse the whole ll and stop at the last node then we set lastNode->next=NewNode.

CODE-7

struct node* FindFromTheEnd(struct node *head, int k) {

struct node *current = head;

struct node *runner = head;

if (k > Length(head)) {

return NULL;

}

for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) {

runner = runner->next;

}

while (runner != NULL) {

current = current->next;

runner = runner->next;

}

return current;

}

-> Finds a node at k distance from the end.

CODE-8

void InsertSorted(struct node **headRef, int data) {

struct node *newNode = new struct node;

newNode->data = data;

struct node *current = *headRef;

if (current == NULL || (*headRef)->data >= data) {

newNode->next = *headRef;

*headRef = newNode;

} else {

while (current->next != NULL && current->next->data < data) {

current = current->next;

}

newNode->next = current->next;

current->next = newNode;

}

}

-> inserts a new node when the next node is >= the new node.

CODE-9

void DeleteLinkedList(struct node **headRef) {

// null-check

if (headRef == NULL) {

return;

}

// Declare and initialise local variables

struct node *current = *headRef;

struct node *temp = NULL;

// Loop until reaching the end of the linked-list

while (current != NULL) {

// Temporarily hold the pointer of the current node

temp = current;

// Move to the next node

current = current->next;

// Delete current node

delete temp;

}

// Set the head of the linked-list to NULL

*headRef = NULL;

}

-> delete whole ll and sends headref to NULL

CODE-10

bool RemoveNode(struct node **headRef, int data) {

// null-check

if (headRef == NULL) {

return false;

}

// Declare and initialise local variables

struct node *current = *headRef;

struct node *prev = NULL;

// Loop until reaching the end of the linked-list

while (current != NULL) {

// Compare with the data of the current node

if (current->data == data) {

// If previous node is NULL then,

// the current node is the head.

if (prev == NULL) {

// Move the head to the next node.

*headRef = current->next;

} else {

// Else, set the next pointer of the previous

// node to the next of the current.

prev->next = current->next;

}

// current node is not a part of the linked-list now.

// delete the current node and return true

delete current;

return true;

}

// Advance prev and current nodes

prev = current;

current = current->next;

}

return false;

}

-> deletes end of the ll

CODE-11

bool RemoveDuplicatesSorted(struct node *head) {

// Declare and initialise local variables

bool retVal = false;

struct node *current = head;

struct node *prev = NULL;

// Loop until reaching the end of the linked-list

while (current != NULL) {

// Compare the data of the previous node with the data of the current node.

// Since the linked-list is sorted, any duplicate nodes will be consecutive.

if (prev != NULL && (prev->data == current->data)) {

// If the current node is a duplicate of the previous, remove it.

prev->next = current->next;

delete current;

current = prev->next;

// At least one duplicate is found. Set retVal to true.

retVal = true;

} else {

// Else, advance prev and current nodes.

prev = current;

current = current->next;

}

}

return retVal;

}

-> traverse the whole ll….since the ll is in sorted format, if the next node is = to the current node. Delete the current node. This is a bool function so if duplicate arise return true else return false.

CODE-12

void Reverse(struct node** headRef) {

// null-check

if (headRef == NULL) {

return;

}

// Declare and initialise local variables

struct node *current = *headRef;

struct node *prev = NULL;

struct node *temp = NULL;

// Loop until reaching the end of the linked-list

while (current != NULL) {

// Temporarily hold the next node of the current before reversing its direction.

temp = current->next;

// Set the previous node as the next of the current node.

current->next = prev;

// Advance previous node pointer by setting to current

prev = current;

// temp holds the next of the current before reversing

// Advance the current node by setting it to temp

current = temp;

}

// Set the last node as the head of the linked-list.

*headRef = prev;

}

-> simply reverse the whole ll

Eg. If ll is 1->2->4->9 it becomes 9->4->2->1

CODE-13

bool RemoveDuplicatesUnsorted(struct node* head) {

// Declare and initialise local variables

bool retVal = false;

struct node *current = head;

struct node *duplicate = NULL;

struct node *prev = NULL;

struct node *temp = NULL;

// Loop until reaching the end of the linked-list

while (current != NULL) {

// Set previous to current and temp to next of the current.

prev = current;

temp = current->next;

// Loop until reaching the end of the

// linked-list starting from temp.

while (temp != NULL) {

// Compare the data of the temp with current

if (current->data == temp->data) {

// If found a duplicate then, remove temp

duplicate = temp;

prev->next = temp->next;

temp = temp->next;

delete duplicate;

// At least one duplicate is found. Set retVal to true.

retVal = true;

}

else {

// Else, advance prev and temp pointers

prev = prev->next;

temp = temp->next;

}

}

// Advance the current pointer

current = current->next;

}

return retVal;

}

-> This is a bool function which checks if a digit is repeated in this unsorted linkedlist. If its repeated then it return true and deletes the digit or else it returns false.

################################MAIN FUNCTIONS#################################

CODE-14

void TestRemoveNode() {

cout << "\n############################################################################\n";

cout << "############################ Test: Remove Node #############################\n";

cout << "############################################################################\n";

struct node *head = NULL;

int testValue = 2;

Push(&head, 5);

Push(&head, 8);

Push(&head, 2);

Push(&head, 9);

AddToEnd(&head, 4);

cout << "\nStep 1:\n";

cout << "Linked-list before remove node operation:\n";

Print(head);

cout << "\nStep 2:\n";

cout << "Removing the node with data value " << testValue << "…\n";

if (RemoveNode(&head, testValue)) {

cout << "Successfully removed the node.\n";

} else {

cout << "Failed to remove the node.\n";

}

cout << "\nStep 3:\n";

cout << "Linked-list after remove node operation:\n";

Print(head);

DeleteLinkedList(&head);

}

-> this code removes a particular data from the linkedlist that the user provides. If the data is not provide in the linkedlist it doesnot deletes anything. It uses the RemoveNode() function which is explained above in the doc.

Eg. 1->2->5->9 if user types 5 to be deleted the ll becomes 1->2->9

CODE-15

void TestRemoveDuplicatesSorted() {

cout << "\n############################################################################\n";

cout << "##################### Test: Remove Duplicates Sorted #######################\n";

cout << "############################################################################\n";

struct node *head = NULL;

InsertSorted(&head, 4);

InsertSorted(&head, 2);

InsertSorted(&head, 6);

InsertSorted(&head, 1);

InsertSorted(&head, 6);

InsertSorted(&head, 5);

InsertSorted(&head, 2);

cout << "\nStep 1:\n";

cout << "Linked-list before remove duplicates from sorted linked-list operation:\n";

Print(head);

cout << "\nStep 2:\n";

cout << "Removing duplicates from sorted linked-list…\n";

if (RemoveDuplicatesSorted(head)) {

cout << "Successfully removed duplicates.\n";

}

else {

cout << "No duplicates were removed.\n";

}

cout << "\nStep 3:\n";

cout << "Linked-list after remove duplicates from sorted linked-list operation:\n";

Print(head);

DeleteLinkedList(&head);

}

-> this function deletes all the duplicate digits from a sorted linkedlist by using RemoveDuplicatesSorted() function which is explained earlier in the doc.

Eg. u can see the user gave input in the code as 4,2,6,1,6,5,2.

So the linkedlist first gets created in sorted manner 1->2->2->4->5->6->6

Then the duplicates are removed 1->2->4->5->6.

CODE-16

void TestReverse() {

cout << "\n############################################################################\n";

cout << "############################## Test: Reverse ###############################\n";

cout << "############################################################################\n";

struct node *head = NULL;

Push(&head, 5);

Push(&head, 8);

Push(&head, 2);

Push(&head, 9);

AddToEnd(&head, 4);

Push(&head, 7);

AddToEnd(&head, 3);

cout << "\nStep 1:\n";

cout << "Linked-list before reverse operation:\n";

Print(head);

cout << "\nStep 2:\n";

cout << "Reversing the linked-list…\n";

Reverse(&head);

cout << "\nStep 3:\n";

cout << "Linked-list after reverse operation:\n";

Print(head);

DeleteLinkedList(&head);

}

-> this simply reverse the linkedlist. Here u can see the user input, the following ll gets created

7->9->2->8->5->4->3

Then it is reversed, so the final ll is

3->4->5->8->2->9->7

CODE-17

void TestRemoveDuplicatesUnsorted() {

cout << "\n############################################################################\n";

cout << "##################### Test: Remove Duplicates Unsorted #####################\n";

cout << "############################################################################\n";

struct node *head = NULL;

Push(&head, 4);

Push(&head, 2);

Push(&head, 6);

Push(&head, 1);

Push(&head, 6);

Push(&head, 5);

Push(&head, 2);

cout << "\nStep 1:\n";

cout << "Linked-list before remove duplicates from unsorted linked-list operation:\n";

Print(head);

cout << "\nStep 2:\n";

cout << "Removing duplicates from unsorted linked-list…\n";

if (RemoveDuplicatesUnsorted(head)) {

cout << "Successfully removed duplicates.\n";

}

else {

cout << "No duplicates were removed.\n";

}

cout << "\nStep 3:\n";

cout << "Linked-list after remove duplicates from unsorted linked-list operation:\n";

Print(head);

DeleteLinkedList(&head);

}

-> This function deletes all the duplicate digits from a unsorted linkedlist by using RemoveDuplicatesUnSorted() function which is explained earlier in the doc.

Eg. u can see the user gave input in the code as 4,2,6,1,6,5,2.

So the linkedlist first gets created in sorted manner 4->2->6->1->6->5->2

Then the duplicates are removed, and final ll is generated 1->2->4->5->6.[supanova_question]

Just Mercy Essay Questions Students are to answer 3 out of the

Just Mercy Essay Questions

Students are to answer 3 out of the five following essay questions. Students will demonstrate critical thinking skills, follow APA seventh edition guidelines, use proper grammar and spelling in their essay submission. Students are to fully develop the topic discussed in their paper, using definitions or explanations of the problem discussed in their article, examples from Just Mercy and other scholarly material. For example, a theme in Just Mercy is racism within the criminal justice system; the student will define racism, cite examples in Just Mercy, which demonstrates racism within the criminal justice system. STUDENTS ARE EXPECTED TO USE ADDITIONAL SOURCES AND CITE PER APA

The student must answer all questions within the essay prompt.

In Just Mercy, the author identifies issues in the criminal justice system, such as racism, poverty, mental health, gender differences, police misconduct, juvenile crime, trauma and PSTD, and mass incarceration. Identify one of these issues, define the issue, and cite examples in the book that outline the problem, causes, and impact on the criminal justice system. Compare what is discussed in Just Mercy to the criminal justice system in 2021. Does the problem still exist? Has the issue changed since Stevenson wrote Just Mercy in 2014? The students will include recommendations regarding how they would address or resolve the issue discussed in their essay.

The student will discuss their reaction, knowledge, and experiences to Just Mercy. Did the book introduce the student to issues in criminal justice, or has the student experienced these issues? The student will use examples from the text to support their reflections. Do you think your reaction to Just Mercy would be different if you had personal experience with the justice system, were a victim of a serious crime, or your background was of another race or class? After reading this book, has your views and perception of the criminal justice system changed?

In the book Just Mercy, the author described individual dehumanizing experiences. What is dehumanization? Briefly, outline (2) two dehumanizing experiences discussed in Just Mercy. Then, research a current example of dehumanization in the criminal justice system and discuss what actions and policies you would recommend correcting the problem.

Stevenson titled his book, Just Mercy, after working in the criminal justice system for decades. Why do you think he titled the book, Just Mercy? What is Mercy? Do you believe mercy should be used in the criminal justice system, and why? What does mercy mean to you? What did you learn about mercy after reading this book? Restorative justice is an example of mercy in the criminal justice system. Be sure to define restorative justice and cite your sources.

Police reform is a significant political, social, and economic discussion in criminal justice today. First, define what police reform is and what are the main arguments for and against police reform in 2021. Where are these issues discussed in Just Mercy? Next, identify two (2) current proposed police reforms, outline the problem, and create a policy or plan you support to address the reform.[supanova_question]

LinearNode.java package jsjf; /** * Represents a node in a linked list.

LinearNode.java

package jsjf;

/**
* Represents a node in a linked list.
*
* @author Java Foundations
* @version 4.0
*/
public class LinearNode
{
   private LinearNode next;
  
private T element;
   /**
   * Creates an empty node.
   */
   public LinearNode()
{
       next = null;
      
element = null;
}   
   /**
   * Creates a node storing the specified element.
   * @param elem element to be stored
   */
   public LinearNode(T elem)
{
       next = null;
      
element = elem;
}
   /**
   * Returns the node that follows this one.
   * @return reference to next node
   */
   public LinearNode getNext()
{
       return next;
}
   /**
   * Sets the node that follows this one.
   * @param node node to follow this one
   */
   public void setNext(LinearNode node)
{
       next = node;
}
   /**
   * Returns the element stored in this node.
   * @return element stored at the node
   */
   public T getElement()
{
       return element;
}
   /**
   * Sets the element stored in this node.
   * @param elem element to be stored at this node
   */
   public void setElement(T elem)
{
       element = elem;
}
}

LinkedSet.java, LinkedSetDriver.java, and SetADT.java are not provided. LinkedSetDriver,java should contain main and the menu shown in the output.

EmptyCollectionException.java

package jsjf.exceptions;

/**
* Represents the situation in which a collection is empty.
*
* @author Java Foundations
* @version 4.0
*/
public class EmptyCollectionException extends RuntimeException
{
   /**
   * Sets up this exception with an appropriate message.
   * @param collection the name of the collection
   */
   public EmptyCollectionException(String collection)
   {
       super(“The ” + collection + ” is empty.”);
   }
}[supanova_question]

Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions

Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions

Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions

1

Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions

Cheree McCorkel

DeVry University

HIT220

1

Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions

Cheree McCorkel

DeVry University

HIT220Advance Directive and End-of-life Medical Decisions

2

Table of Contents

Training Objectives

Overview of the laws of advance directive and end-of-life

Advance Directive

End-of-life Medical Decisions

Why do you need them and who used them?

How and where do you get them?

Conclusion

References

2

Table of Contents

Training Objectives

Overview of the laws of advance directive and end-of-life

Advance Directive

End-of-life Medical Decisions

Why do you need them and who used them?

How and where do you get them?

Conclusion

References?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

3

Introduction

The topic that I have chosen to write about is Role of advance directive in

treatment and end-of-life healthcare decisions. The reason that I choose this is because it

is very important to know what a patient wants. I will be exploring what all needs to be

done and what information is needed to do this. What exactly is an advance directive and

end-of-life healthcare decisions?

Training Objectives

By the end of this paper you will know in more detailed information on advance

directives and end-of -life decisions. We will also look at why they are needed and who

uses them, what information is needed and how you get them, how they are used, and

Michigan laws on them both.

Overview of the laws of advance directive and end-of-life

In the state if Michigan they do not recognize a “living will” as a legally binding

Advance Directive. Michigan has two different Advance Directives. The first is the

Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare (DPOA-HC). Which is used in both inpatient

and ambulatory setting. The second is the Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) this is used in the

hospital “The Michigan Patient Self-Determination Act, Michigan Law PA 312 of 1990,

recognizes the validity of a Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare”. In Michigan they

appoint a “surrogate” this is the person that will act in your behalf if you are not able to.

Make sure that all parties involved have copies of the paperwork.

Advance Directive

3

Introduction

The topic that I have chosen to write about is Role of advance directive in

treatment and end-of-life healthcare decisions. The reason that I choose this is because it

is very important to know what a patient wants. I will be exploring what all needs to be

done and what information is needed to do this. What exactly is an advance directive and

end-of-life healthcare decisions?

Training Objectives

By the end of this paper you will know in more detailed information on advance

directives and end-of -life decisions. We will also look at why they are needed and who

uses them, what information is needed and how you get them, how they are used, and

Michigan laws on them both.

Overview of the laws of advance directive and end-of-life

In the state if Michigan they do not recognize a “living will” as a legally binding

Advance Directive. Michigan has two different Advance Directives. The first is the

Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare (DPOA-HC). Which is used in both inpatient

and ambulatory setting. The second is the Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) this is used in the

hospital “The Michigan Patient Self-Determination Act, Michigan Law PA 312 of 1990,

recognizes the validity of a Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare”. In Michigan they

appoint a “surrogate” this is the person that will act in your behalf if you are not able to.

Make sure that all parties involved have copies of the paperwork.

Advance Directive

4

An advance directive is a written statement that states what a patient’s wishes are for their medical treatment. This will let others know what medical care you want or don’t wish to receive. This is done before you get ill or have any permanent injuries. Advance Directive is when you appoint an “surrogate” to make all the decisions for you when you are not able to.

Different Types of Advance Directives

The advance directive is when a patient makes plans for what they want done if they become ill or seriously injured. There are five different types of Advance directives. Let’s take a detailed look at what the name of each one is and what they are used for:

The living will- this is the oldest type. Written legal document giving directions of the medical decisions in your future. This is used only when the patient is terminally ill or permanently unconscious. Only after two physicians confirm that you are not able to make your own decisions. You can end or change a living will at any time.

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shared via CourseHero.comDurable power of attorney for health care/medical power of attorney- this is when you appoint a person to make all your health care decisions on your behalf if you are no able to do so. After you are unable to make your own health care this is when your proxy will speak for you. If they do not know what they your wishes are or not stated in the paperwork they have the right to do what they think you would want done or what they feel is right. You can also add as second person in case something happens to the first person or they are not able to take over.

Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining treatment (POLST)- this is usually for individuals that have been diagnosed with serious illness. Does not override any other

5

instructions. Serves as a doctor ordered instructions. This order is always to be kept at

your side. This form can be canceled or updated as needed.

Do not resuscitation (DNR)

– this mean that you have an order that if you stop

breathing or your heart stops nothing will be done to keep you alive. A DNR is only good

while you are in the hospital and may have to be each time you are admitted. If you want

a DNR for outside the hospital you would have to get a form, and have it signed by you

and your doctor. I must be available so if 9-1-1 is called they can see it or be shown it, or

they will have to do everything in their power to keep you alive.

Organ and tissue donation-

this can be included in the advance directive; however,

most states allow you to choose if you are an organ donor on a State issued ID or driver’s

license.

End-of-life Medical Decisions

The end-of-life medical decisions is when a patient is near the end of life and final

decisions need to be made. Some of the choices that will need to be made are:

“Do everything possible

”- this means that you want the facility to do everything

in their power to save the patient.

What to do if the heart stop’s?

this would include and up to cardiopulmonary

resuscitation (CPR) which is when a doctor or nurse repeatedly pushes on the chest of the

patient which gets air into the lungs. Electric shock which is when used to correct an

abnormal heart rhythm and some medications may also be given. Some of the side effect

5

instructions. Serves as a doctor ordered instructions. This order is always to be kept at

your side. This form can be canceled or updated as needed.

Do not resuscitation (DNR)

– this mean that you have an order that if you stop

breathing or your heart stops nothing will be done to keep you alive. A DNR is only good

while you are in the hospital and may have to be each time you are admitted. If you want

a DNR for outside the hospital you would have to get a form, and have it signed by you

and your doctor. I must be available so if 9-1-1 is called they can see it or be shown it, or

they will have to do everything in their power to keep you alive.

Organ and tissue donation-

this can be included in the advance directive; however,

most states allow you to choose if you are an organ donor on a State issued ID or driver’s

license.

End-of-life Medical Decisions

The end-of-life medical decisions is when a patient is near the end of life and final

decisions need to be made. Some of the choices that will need to be made are:

“Do everything possible

”- this means that you want the facility to do everything

in their power to save the patient.

What to do if the heart stop’s?

this would include and up to cardiopulmonary

resuscitation (CPR) which is when a doctor or nurse repeatedly pushes on the chest of the

patient which gets air into the lungs. Electric shock which is when used to correct an

abnormal heart rhythm and some medications may also be given. Some of the side effect

6

of having CPR is broken ribs that may not heal properly in older patients, and a collapsed

lung.

Respiratory arrest

do you want to use a ventilator if needed for short term use.

This is when they put a tube attached to a ventilator down the throat into the trachea or

windpipe. This will force air into the lungs. If the patient needs to be vented for more

than a few days, they may suggest a tracheotomy this is when the tube is inserted into the

trachea. Some side effects of this is a collapsed lung, a plugged tracheotomy tube, or

bleeding.

Must know if the patient has a DNR

if the patient is an end-of-life at home they

must get a non-hospital DNR to ensure that if EMTs are called they will respect the

wishes of the patient.

Should heart devices be turned off when someone id dying?

– these devices are

pacemakers or similar devices which shocks the heart bac into regular rhythm when

needed. When life support is no longer wanted these devices can be turned off at bedside

without surgery.

Is a feeding tube needed?

– this may be needed if the patient is not eating or

drinking this will allow them to get nutrition temporarily while recovering. At end-of-life

this may be more discomfort than not eating. When a patient approaches death loss of

appetite is common, and a feeding tube is not needed due to the body system starts to shut

down.

Should the patient be sedated?

sometimes this is suggested to manage symptoms

that are not responding to other treatment and are still making the patient uncomfortable.

6

of having CPR is broken ribs that may not heal properly in older patients, and a collapsed

lung.

Respiratory arrest

do you want to use a ventilator if needed for short term use.

This is when they put a tube attached to a ventilator down the throat into the trachea or

windpipe. This will force air into the lungs. If the patient needs to be vented for more

than a few days, they may suggest a tracheotomy this is when the tube is inserted into the

trachea. Some side effects of this is a collapsed lung, a plugged tracheotomy tube, or

bleeding.

Must know if the patient has a DNR

if the patient is an end-of-life at home they

must get a non-hospital DNR to ensure that if EMTs are called they will respect the

wishes of the patient.

Should heart devices be turned off when someone id dying?

– these devices are

pacemakers or similar devices which shocks the heart bac into regular rhythm when

needed. When life support is no longer wanted these devices can be turned off at bedside

without surgery.

Is a feeding tube needed?

– this may be needed if the patient is not eating or

drinking this will allow them to get nutrition temporarily while recovering. At end-of-life

this may be more discomfort than not eating. When a patient approaches death loss of

appetite is common, and a feeding tube is not needed due to the body system starts to shut

down.

Should the patient be sedated?

sometimes this is suggested to manage symptoms

that are not responding to other treatment and are still making the patient uncomfortable.

7

This will put the patient in a sleep-like state. They can still hear and should be talked to and be careful not to say anything that you do not want them to hear.

These are the types of decisions that you would have to make at the end-of-life.

Why do you need them and who uses them?

The reason that you would use an Advance Directive or an End-of Life Medical decisions is to let your physician, loved ones and family member know what you would want to in case you are not able to speak for yourself. Also, this is what your last requests would be if you had an emergency medical situation. By having this in place it will take the burden off the loved one that will have to make these decisions for you. The patients that use Advance Directives and End-of-life medical decisions are ones that may have medical problems, life ending dieses, critical illness, elderly patients or individuals that want to inform there loved ones of their wishes.

How and where do you get them?

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shared via CourseHero.comTo begin you can go to many different websites to get the forms like https://www.michigan.gov/documents/miseniors/Advance_Directives_230752_7.pdf this is a PDF that walks you through the sets to filling it out just by filling in the blanks. Before you start you must have a person that you want to act on your behalf. This per will be your “Surrogate” which will carry out your wishes or make decisions about your care if you are not able to do so yourself. Each form must be signed and witnessed by two different people. When all the forms are filled out and signed you save a copy, give your “Surrogate”, and your physicians will need a copy also. If a patient needs to be put in an assistant living facility, HOSPIS, or is put in the hospital the facility will need copies of

8

the papers also. Make sure that the forms are kept up-to-date and make changes as

needed.

Conclusion

By reviewing all the information provided and research I find it very important to

have an Advance Directive or an End-of Life Medical decision in place. This is a very

hard decision to make for a loved one if you do not know what they would have wanted.

If you want your final wishes carried out, make sure that you have Advance Directives or

End-of Life Medical decisions in place. This will allow surrogate to act on your behalf

incase you are not able to make those decision for yourself.

8

the papers also. Make sure that the forms are kept up-to-date and make changes as

needed.

Conclusion

By reviewing all the information provided and research I find it very important to

have an Advance Directive or an End-of Life Medical decision in place. This is a very

hard decision to make for a loved one if you do not know what they would have wanted.

If you want your final wishes carried out, make sure that you have Advance Directives or

End-of Life Medical decisions in place. This will allow surrogate to act on your behalf

incase you are not able to make those decision for yourself.

9

References

Advance Care Planning: Healthcare Directives. (n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/advance-care-planning-healthcare-directives

.

Advance Directives. (n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.hom.org/advance-directives/

.

End of Life. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/end-of-life.

You are here MDHHS Assistance Programs Health Care Coverage Advance Directives.

(

n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7-339-

71547_2943_70663—,00

.html

.

Your guide to living wills and other advance directives. (2018, December 15). Retrieved

from

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/in-depth/living-

wills/art-20046303

.

9

References

Advance Care Planning: Healthcare Directives. (n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/advance-care-planning-healthcare-directives

.

Advance Directives. (n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.hom.org/advance-directives/

.

End of Life. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/end-of-life.

You are here MDHHS Assistance Programs Health Care Coverage Advance Directives.

(

n.d.). Retrieved from

https://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7-339-

71547_2943_70663—,00

.html

.

Your guide to living wills and other advance directives. (2018, December 15). Retrieved

from

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/in-depth/living-

wills/art-20046303

.?

?

?

?

?

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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Education Saudi Electronic University ??????? ???????

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ministry of Education

Saudi Electronic University

??????? ??????? ????????

????? ???????

??????? ???????? ???????????

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

Assignment-1

MGT402 – Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Deadline: 23/10/2021 @ 23:59

Course Name: Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Student’s Name:

Course Code: – MGT 402

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: I

CRN:

Academic Year: 1443/1444 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Read carefully Grading Rubric below for specific criteria: 0-5 Marks

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Entrepreneurship and Small Business

ASSIGNMENT -1

Submission Date by students: Before the end of Week- 7th

Place of Submission: Students Grade Centre

Weight: 05 Marks

Learning Outcome:

1. Demonstrate a solid understanding of the potential of entrepreneur in today’s competitive business world. (Lo 1.2)

2. Demonstrate ability to think independently and systematically on developing a viable business model (Lo 1.3 & 3.7).

3. Understand the place of small business in history and explore the strengths and weaknesses of small business. (Lo 1.1).

Assignment Workload:

This assignment is an individual assignment.

Start-up Business Plan

Imagine you started a new business as an entrepreneur in Saudi Arabia.

Please, think and share information on the following items:

1. Owners, capital structure and company profile

a. Your Business Name, Address, E?Mail

b.  Form of ownership: What is the legal structure? Sole proprietor, Partnership, Corporation…..

C. Investment capital

2. Company Business Description (300 – 400 words)

A. Scope and type of business

What business will you be in? What will you do? What market segment will you choose?

• Business idea: what is your big idea? Is it a product or a service? What makes your idea different?

• Mission Statement

• Company’s short-term and long-term goals and objectives.

• Target market and demographics: Who will your customers be? Where do they live? What is your target market passionate about?

B. Business Philosophy

What is important to you in your business?

• Describe your Industry: Is it a growth industry? What long term or short-term changes do you foresee in the industry? How will your company take advantage of it?

• Describe your most important company strengths and core competencies: What factors will make the company succeed? What do you think your major competitive strengths will be? What background experience, skills, and strengths do you personally bring to this new venture?

• Risk Assessment: Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your business using SWOT.

• Scale of the business and its growth anticipation: what is the growth rate per year for five years? What do your 5-year financials look like? What is your path to profitability?

•Who is your competition and how do you beat them?

• Start-up costs: what costs do you expect to make the business run for the next five years?

3. Products and Services

a. Describe in detail your products or services (Technical specifications).

b. Size of business: how many employees? How many offices and retail facilities?

c. What factors will give you competitive advantages or disadvantages? Examples, include level of quality or unique or proprietary features.[supanova_question]

Saudi Electronic University College of Administrative and Financial Sciences ECOM201 – Introduction

Saudi Electronic University

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

ECOM201 – Introduction to E-management

Assignment 3

Project Assignment

GoTech Solutions Company

2021/2022

Requirements

GoTech is a Saudi company (located in Riyadh) that provides technical and digital solutions to other businesses and individuals. Its operation focuses mainly on the Saudi market, but recently it opened two offices in Egypt and Italy. Eng. Abdullah is the CEO, and there are three regional managers (in 3 different countries) and 30 employees working under their supervision. 

Recently, Abdullah has been required to make vital decisions to keep GoTech running during many challenges, including new and existing competitors, rapid technology development, and Coronavirus pandemic. Consider yourself the CEO’s consultant who is required to help him put together a strategy so GoTech can not only survive but also thrive in the future. 

To help you develop your Consultation Strategy Report, use the following points as a guide:

Part 1 

An overview of GoTech company (0.5 marks)

Description of the type of management that GoTech follows. (1 mark)

Description of the challenges with that type of management. (1 mark)

Communication challenges

Cultural and political challenges 

Description of the necessity for creating a virtual Risks Response Team based on Tuckman’s Team Life Cycle Model (see figure 1). (3 marks)

Phases of team creation

Criteria for choosing the team 

Who are they, and why did you choose them?

Pros and cons of the virtual team

Description of the regional managers’ roles (2 marks)

What qualities must they have as leaders? 

How can they motivate themselves and their team? 

What digital recourses can they use to manage the team?

Part 2 

Description of challenges that loom over GoTech (1 mark)

Existing challenges/ disasters

Potential challenges/ disasters

Description of GoTech resources (1 mark)

What are the digital and financial resources?

How can these resources be utilized?

Description of GoTech digital capabilities (2 marks)

Existing capabilities that can be strengthened

Needed capabilities that must be invested in

Description of the solutions (3 marks)

Immediate solutions (based on points 4, 6, 7, & 8)

Future solutions (based on points 5, 6,7, & 8)

Closing remarks/ conclusion (0.5 marks)

Figure 1 Bruce Tuchman’s Team Life Cycle Model (Personio, 2021)

Important details

Due date

Marks

End of week 14

15 marks

Useful links:

http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/studentservices/documents/planning-and-preparing-to-write-assignments.pdf

APA reference system https://student.unsw.edu.au/apa

About plagiarism http://wts.indiana.edu/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml

About plagiarism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism

Guidelines for the assignment:

This is an individual project, which is part from your course score. It requires effort and critical thinking.

Use the given cover page below. One mark will be deducted if there is no cover page.

Your assignment must be supported by evidence and resources. Otherwise, your answer will not be valid.

Use at least 5 different references from the SDL.

Use font Times New Roman, Calibri or Arial.

Use 1.5 or double line spacing with left Justify all paragraphs.

Use the footer function to insert page number.

Ensure that you follow the APA style in your project.

Your project report length should be between 1500 to 2000 words.

Up to 20% of the total grade will be deducted for providing a poor structure of assignment. Structure includes these elements paper style, free of spelling and grammar mistakes, referencing and word count.

Saudi Electronic University 

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences 

E-commerce Department  

 

 

Student Name: 

 

Student ID: 

Course Title: 

Introduction to E-Management

 

Course Code: 

ECOM 201

Academic Year/ Semester:  

2021/2022- 1st Semester

CRN: 

Instructor Name: 

 

Student Grade: 

Grade Level:[supanova_question]

Assessment Details Formative assessment tasks will be conducted prior to the summative

Assessment Details

Formative assessment tasks will be conducted prior to the summative exercise in order that students are familiar and prepared for their activity.

Summative assessment

Assessment 1: Leadership Simulation and written basis for change with considerations (2500 words maximum (See below for current word limit)

50% TMM individual submission

As a leader you will prepare a written case for change in a simulated organisation based upon the formative assessment tasks and frameworks studied within the module. You will include organizational perspectives that should be considered within a change process. You will additionally role play this leader in a presentation simulation.

Assessment 2: Consultant’s report and Simulation 50% TMM individual submission (2500 words maximum individual submission (See below for current word limit)

As a consultant you will critically analyse another student’s case for change and develop a plan for delivering and sustaining the change that leverage frameworks studied within the module. You will additionally role play this consultant in a presentation simulation.

5.1 Summary of assessment

The Individual Assessment for this module consists of two assessments. You will be paired with a fellow student to undertake the second assignment.

Assessment 1 is focused on optimising the operations of a simulated business from the perspective of a business leader who specifies the requirements for change. Within this assessment Assignment 1 involves contextualizing and specifying this requirement for change, including the need for change and the readiness for change, in the form of a written Leader’s Programme Journal which should be critically supported through the application of appropriate organizational change theory. This Journal is both uploaded to turn it in and delivered to your paired student colleague to brief them for their assessment 2 task.

Assessment 2 is focused on you as the consultant change project manager responsible for delivering a sustained change that addresses the need for organizational optimisation that your fellow student has specified in assessment 1. Within this assessment you will deliver Assignment 2 which will specify your change approach in the form of a written Consultant Programme Journal, again critically supported through the application of appropriate organizational change theory. This Journal is uploaded to turn it in.

The presentation simulation is a role play that supports Assessment 2. This involves two reflective critical discussions between yourself and your paired student colleague about the challenges you faced, firstly in your role as Organistional Leader in Assessment 1 and secondly as Consultant Change Manager in assessment 2. Each discussion should take no longer than 4

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

9

mins, the conversation will be stopped after 8 mins. In the absence of a paired student, a single student can talk directly to their tutor.

Assignment

Weight

Length

Due

Anticipated

Title

towards

Date

Return

final

Date

grade %

1.

Written

50%

2,000 words

Week 6

Week 10

basis

for

+/- 10%

change

2.

Consultant

40%

2,000

Week 11

Week 13

report

Words

+/- 10%

and

10%

presentation

8 min

Week 11 &

simulation

per pair

12

5.2 Detailed description of assessment

5.2.1 Formative assessment Describe an organization in need of change. 300 -600 words Week 4

Through research and cases studies discussed within the module synthesize a 300 word description of a simulated organization or functional department (e.g. finance) in need of change (can be real with a name change and a disclaimer). The description should include a basic description of its market, ownership, competition and operations.

The description can be extended to include diagnosis of external drivers acting on the business operations that may cause it to optimise operations through a significant transformation.

You can further extend your description to add a diagnostic assessment (upto 600 words) for the need to change, using the tools we have explored in previous weeks

Print a copy off and bring to week 4 seminar where it will be critically reviewed by your paired student colleague. You will reciprocate with a critical review of their organisation description and optional change requirement. This description will form a foundation for your Journal delivery in Assignment 1.

5.2.2 Assessment 1: Leadership Simulation and written basis for change with considerations 50% TMM individual submission (2000 words +- 10% maximum) Due week 6 Friday 5th November at 23.59 (late submissions will be allowed up to the following Wednesday and will be capped at 40%) .

Based upon the description of the organisation you have simulated in the formative assessment 1 you will write an illustrated Leader’s Programme Journal from the perspective of a leader of this organisation who has recognised the need for optimising its operations and are

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

10

therefore initiating a programme to achieve and sustain a correspondingly improved outcome for the business. You will also assess the readiness of the organisation to undertake the change associated with the proposed optimisation of its operations. Throughout your Journal you will critically support your analysis with reference to theoretical structures and models based upon discussions within the module and your own independent research.

A draft format for the Leader’s Programme Journal might include:

1. Introduction and description of the organisation – 300 words

If based on real company names and people should be renamed and add disclaimer

The internal or external driven needs for change – 600 words Could be wk 2 -PESTEL then SWOT or Burke Litwin

The optimisation outcome to be achieved – 200 words

Needs to be efficiency cost cutting strategy as wk 3 delayering, 4. The readiness of the organisation to change – 600 words

Look at the force field analysis wk 4 then maybe the wk5 readiness method 5. Your readiness as a leader to lead change – 300 words

Reflect on your actions as Leader , critic against theory wk6, have you written a vision statement (wk5) for the change in part 4?

References

Optional Appendices – or use diagrams within the text

Marking Rubric follows next page

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

11

Marking Criteria

Marking Rubric

Marks

allocated

to

criteria:

Coherence and structure of the overall report with regards to the diagnosis of

25%

the drivers and need for optimisation in the simulated organisation

Demonstrate regard to internal attitudes and readiness for change, including

25%

reference to forces, power and politics, in the simulated organisation

Demonstrate their understanding of a range of approaches to leading change

25%

from both a theoretical and applied perspective.

Demonstrated level of research (in terms of perceived use of relevant change

15%

management theory)

Presentation of the Journal

5%

Grammar , proper use of the Harvard System of referencing

5%

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

12

CRITERIA

Coherence and structure of the overall report with regards to the diagnosis of the drivers and need for optimisation in the simulated organisation 25%

Demonstrate regard to internal attitudes and readiness for change, including reference to forces, power and politics, in the simulated

organisation 25%

Demonstrated understanding of a range of approaches to leading change from both a theoretical and applied

perspective.25%

Demonstrated level of research (in terms of perceived use of relevant change management

theory) 15%

Grammar , proper use of the Harvard System of referencing

5%

Structure, coherence and clarity of the text

5%

0-10%

11-29%

30-39%

40-49%

50-59%

60-69%

70-79%

80-89%

90-100%

No relevance of the

Partial relevance

Demonstrated

Demonstrated

Demonstrated

Demonstrated

Demonstrated

Demonstrated

Demonstrated

report to organisation

to the diagnosis of

relevance of

relevance of

diagnosis of the

diagnosis of the

diagnosis of the

diagnosis of the

diagnosis of the

drivers and need

the organisation

diagnosis of the

diagnosis of the

organisation in

organisation in terms

organisation in

organisation in

organisation in terms of

drivers and need

organisation in

terms of drivers

of drivers and need

terms of drivers

terms of drivers and

drivers and need for

for optimisation

terms of drivers and

and need for

for optimisation has

and need for

need for

optimisation plus the

has been met in

optimisation needs

optimisation has

been met to a very

optimisation plus

optimisation plus

optimisation strategy

some areas

has been met a

been met to a

good standard as

the optimisation

the optimisation

has been achieved to an

whilst other

minimum level 6

good standard

with the optimisation

strategy. has

strategy has been

exceptionally high

areas have not

standard. Basic

leveraging theory

strategy. Level 6

achieved a high

achieved to an

standard

research.

from the module

criticality and/or

standard

outstanding level

research and

connections

The content of the

The content of the

The content of the

The content shows an

The presented

The presented content

Demonstrates an

The presented

The change readiness

assessment shows no

assessment shows

assessment shows

adequate

content

demonstrates a very

excellent assessment

content demonstrates

content is presentable in

understanding of the

very limited

a limited

understanding of the

demonstrates a

good assessment of

of the change

an outstanding

a professional context

basic ideas of this

understanding of

understanding of

major ideas of change

good assessment

change readiness with

readiness with

assessment of change

and may extend practical

criteria, with no

the basic ideas of

internal attitudes

readiness, with

of internal change

good insight to the

strong insight of the

readiness with

or theoretical knowledge

change readiness

this criteria, with

and change

limited insight of the

readiness with

issues of forces, power

forces, power and

outstanding insight of

in the field of this

insight and shows no

no change

readiness. Very

issues of forces,

insight to issues of

or politics, with level 6

politics. Leveraging

the forces, power and

criteria. It displays an

ability to define the

readiness insight

limited research

power or politics.

forces, power or

criticality, some good

theory from the

politics at play. with

exceptionally high level

issues. Lacks

and shows no

Limited level 6

politics , leverages

connections.

module, with level 6

level 6 criticality

of understanding,

Research

ability to define the

synthesis

theory from the

criticality and/or

and/or research and

evaluation, insight, with

issues. Lacks

module

excellent research

Connections

level 6 criticality and

research

and connections

connections

No insight nor ability

very limited

Very little change

Adequate change

Demonstrates a

Demonstrates a very

Demonstrates an

Demonstrates an

The application of change

to lead nor application

understanding of

leadership

leadership

good application of

good level of

excellent application

outstanding

leadership approaches is

of theory is

leadership with no

insight, very basic

approaches

change leadership

application of change

of change leadership

application of change

presentable in a

demonstrated or the

application of

research, and very

presented, with little

approaches with

Leadership

approaches

with

leadership

professional context. It

connections are

theory

limited ability to

insight and basic

level 6 reflection

approaches, with level

level 6 reflection

approaches with

displays an exceptionally

completely irrelevant.

demonstrated

make

research. Limited

and/or

6 reflection, some

criticality, research

level 6 reflection,

high level of scope,

connections.

level 6 analysis,

appropriate

insight and/or very

and connections

criticality and

understanding,

reflection and/or

research.

good research and

research and

evaluation, insight, with

criticality

connections.

Connections

level 6 reflection,

criticality and

connections

The presented

The presented

The presented

The presented

The presented

The presented content

The presented

The presented

The presented research

content lacks

content shows very

content very

content shows

content

demonstrates level 6

content

content demonstrates

is presentable in a

understanding and

limited and lacks

basic research,

adequate but basic

demonstrates level

criticality and very

demonstrates an

an outstanding

professional context with

Research

research.

and very limited

research and

6 criticality and

good research and

excellent display of

display of research

level 6 criticality and

ability to make

understanding

appropriate

connections.

research and

and Connections inc

connections

connections

research.

connections

inc

level 6 criticality

level 6 criticality

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and grammar is

grammar are

grammar maybe

grammar are

grammar are

grammar may be

grammar is to a very

grammar are to an

grammar is to an

developed to an

Completely

barely adequate.

barely adequate.

adequate.

appropriately

good standard.

excellent standard.

outstanding standard.

exceptionally high

inadequate.

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

developed.as with

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

standard. Bibliography

Bibliography and

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgemen

Acknowledgements

Bibliography and

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

and Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

may be barely

ts are barely

are adequate.

Acknowledgements

are to a very good

are to an excellent

are to an outstanding

are developed to an

are completely

adequate

adequate.

standard.

standard.

standard.

exceptionally high

inadequate.

standard.

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

presentation of the

presentation of the

presentation of

presentation of the

presentation of the

presentation of the

presentation of the

presentation of the

presentation of the

Writing is completely

Writing maybe

the Writing are

Writing are adequate.

Writing may be

Writing is a very good

Writing to an

Writing is to an

Writing is developed to

inadequate.

barely adequate.

barely adequate.

appropriately

standard.

excellent standard.

outstanding standard.

an exceptionally high

developed.

standard.

13

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

5.2.3 Assessment 2: Consultant’s Report and Simulation 50% TMM individual submission (1200 words +- 10% maximum, simulation role discussion); Summative submission due Sunday 5th December at 23.59 (late submissions will be allowed up to the following Wednesday and will be capped at 40%) The simulation role play discussions will be run in weeks 11 & 12.

Acting as a consultant change manager you will develop a plan to deliver and sustain the optimisation of the operations of a simulated business as has been specified in the assignment 1 Leader’s Programme Journal of your student colleague. Referring to the specification of requirements in your colleagues assignment 1 your Consultant Programme Journal will: Introduce the organisation and proposed change; address the education of employees (learning plan); the informing of pertinent stakeholders (communication plan); For each of the above illustrative plans you will provide a written context that will leverage appropriate change management theories and models that you have covered within the course or through you own independent research. Finally, you will critic how you are to address the culture of the simulated organisation in terms of its resistance to change. If the specification you have received from student colleague in their assignment 1 is insufficient for your needs you can extend the requirements as foundations for your plans.

A draft format for the Consultant Programme Journal might include:

Journal 1 Introduction – the organisation , need for change and required outcome – 200 words (inc strategy and vision)

Journal 2 The education plan, model and justification 200 words ( inc learning contracts, loop model and organisation learning)

Journal 3 The stakeholder communication plan, model and justification – 300 words ( inc comm plan- stage messages and media)

Journal 4 Critic of the challenges associated with overcoming cultural resistance to change 500 words ( inc Change agency; kotter 8 step v emotional resistance)

References

Optional Appendices – NOTE: Complete Models can be placed in the text as diagrams

Note: this is a critical plan so there is no requirement for a conclusion

If you have not had a briefing from a colleague you should deliver assignment 2 in respect of the Northwell implement case study which is available under weekly materials on the Blackboard web site. You should confirm with you tutor in week 9 if you intend to do this.

Leader and Change manager simulation role play discussions in week 11 & 12 Student pairs will present in role plays acting as both leaders and change managers.

Leadership – you will spend up to 4 minutes critically discussing with your what you consider to be the key aspects of your Leadership roles that led to your strategy, mission and readiness assessment.

Change management – you will spend up to 4 minutes critically discussing with your pair what you consider to be the key aspects of your roles as change managers that led to your

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

14

learning plan, communications plan, how organizational culture is addressed and monitoring and measurement proposals in your report.

Marking Rubric

Marks

allocated

to

criteria:

Implementing change learning plan

20%

Communications plan

20%

Highlight the middle managers role in dealing with the implications and

30%

consequences of the results of a collision of change forces with organisational

culture.

Demonstrated level of research (in terms of perceived use of relevant change

15%

management theory)

Reflective contribution during the two simulation role play discussions to extract

5%+ 5%

the maximum learning and benefit for self and others.

Grammar , proper use of the Harvard System of referencing

5%

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

15

CRITERIA

Planning and implementing change including learning plan 20%

leverage illustrative plans of basic milestones and timelines for the proposed operational changes that address the change need; nc action plan e.g. gantt, resource register, contingency and the education of employees ( learning contracts, loop model and organisation learning

Communications plan

20%

the informing of pertinent stakeholders inc comm plan-messages for different stages and media

Dealing with the implications and consequences of collision of change forces with organisation culture. 25%

Demonstrated level of research (in terms of use of relevant change mgt

theory) 15%

Grammar , proper use of the Harvard System of referencing

5%

Critical

Argumentative

skills during the

simulation role play

to extract the

maximum learning

and benefit for self

and others. 5% = 5%

0-10%

11-29%

30-39%

40-49%

50-59%

60-69%

70-79%

80-89%

90-100%

The content of the

The content of the

The content of

The content shows

Aa good change

A very good change

An excellent change

An outstanding set

The change plan and

assessment shows no

assessment shows

the assessment

an adequate

management plan

management plan

management plan

of change

education plan is

understanding of the

very limited

shows a limited

understanding of the

and employee

and education plan

and education plan

management plans

presentable in a

basic ideas of these

understanding of

understanding of

major ideas of

education plan

leveraging multiple

leverages multiple

and education plans

professional context. It

two criteria,

the basic ideas of

planning and

change management

and leverages

theories from the

theories from the

with multiple

displays an

this criteria with

employee

plan and employee

theories from the

module with Level 5

beyond the module,

theories from the

exceptionally high level

no management

education with

education plan, with

Module

criticality and

with level applied 5

beyond the module,

of understanding,

plan nor education

no management

limited plans.

connections

criticality

with applied level 5

insight, with level 5

plan.

plan nor

Limited level 5

criticality

criticality and

education plan

synthesis

connections

The content of the

The content of the

The content of the

The content shows an

Demonstrates a

Demonstrates a very

An excellent

An outstanding

The communication plan

assessment shows no

assessment shows

assessment shows

adequate

good assessment

good assessment of

assessment of

assessment of

is presentable in a

understanding of the

very limited

a limited

understanding of the

of stakeholder

pertinent stakeholder

pertinent stakeholder

pertinent

professional context It

basic ideas of this

understanding of

understanding of

major ideas of

Communication

communication with

communication with

stakeholder

displays an exceptionally

criteria, with no

the basic ideas of

stakeholder

stakeholder

with plan,

plan inc media and

plan inc media,

communication with

high level of

stakeholder

this criteria with

communication.

communication, with

leverages theory

different project

project stages and,

plan inc media,

understanding, insight,

communication nor

no stakeholder

with no comms

limited plan. Limited

from the module

stages and, leverages

leverages theory from

project stages and,

with level 5 criticality

critic of theories.

communication nor

plan nor critic of

level 5 synthesis

theory with level 5

beyond the module ,

leverages external

and connections

critic of theories.

theories

criticality

with level 5 criticality

theory

No insight nor

very limited

Very little change

Adequate change

Demonstrates a

Demonstrates a very

Demonstrates an

Demonstrates an

The application of

application of theory

understanding of

management

management

good application of

good level change

excellent application

outstanding

change management is

is demonstrated or the

managing

insight, very basic

approaches

Change

management in an

of change

application of

presentable in a

connections are

orgainsational

research, and very

presented, with little

management and

organisational context

management in an

change management

professional context. It

completely irrelevant.

change with no

limited ability to

insight and basic

Organisational

with level 5 reflection,

organisational

in an organisational

displays an exceptionally

application of

make

research. Limited

resistance with

some insight and/or

context with level 5

context with level 5

high level of scope,

theory

connections.

level 5 analysis,

level 5 reflection

very good research

reflection, research

reflection, research

understanding,

demonstrated

and/or research.

and connections.

and connections

and Connections

evaluation, insight,

The presented

The presented

The presented

The presented

The presented

The presented content

The presented

The presented

The presented research

content lacks

content shows very

content very

content shows

Content

demonstrates level 5

content

content

is presentable in a

understanding and

limited and lacks

basic research,

adequate but basic

demonstrates level

criticality and very

demonstrates an

demonstrates an

professional context with

research

research.

and very limited

research and

5 criticality and

good research and

excellent display of

outstanding display

level 5 criticality and

ability to make

understanding

Appropriate

connections.

research and

of research and

connections

connections

research.

connections inc

Connections inc

level 5 criticality

level 5 criticality

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and

Structure and grammar is

grammar are

grammar maybe

grammar are

grammar are

grammar may be

grammar is to a very

grammar are to an

grammar is to an

developed to an

completely

barely adequate.

barely adequate.

adequate.

Appropriately

good standard.

excellent standard.

outstanding

exceptionally high

inadequate.

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

developed.as with

Bibliography and

Bibliography and

standard.

standard. Bibliography

Bibliography and

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgemen

Acknowledgements

Bibliography and

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

Bibliography and

and Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

may be barely

ts are barely

are adequate.

Acknowledgements

are to a very good

are to an excellent

Acknowledgements

are developed to an

are completely

adequate

adequate.

standard.

standard.

are to an outstanding

exceptionally high

inadequate.

standard.

standard.

Role play is

Role play is barely

Role play may be

Role play may be

Role Play may be

Role Play may be

Role Play may be

Role Play is

Role Play is developed to

completely

an exceptionally high

adequate. Time

barely adequate.

barely adequate.

Appropriately

developed to a very

developed to an

developed to an

inadequate.

standard. Lively/good

management is

Time

Time management

developed. Time

good standard. Time

excellent standard.

outstanding

Hasty,

flow/

barely adequate.

management may

may be barely

management may

management is a very

Time management

standard. Time

dull/clumsy. Time

effective/inclusive

management is

be barely

adequate.

be appropriately

good standard.

to an excellent

management to an

Time management to an

completely

adequate.

developed.

standard.

excellent standard.

excellent standard.

inadequate.

16

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

5.3 Common Assessment Scale

The scale consists of eight different numeric bands (0-8) with their matching descriptors of students’ performance. In order to award a final mark, first a numeric band will be given to the assessed piece, according to the descriptors that suit each piece of work. After this process, and following the conversion table below, academics will decide the most suitable percentage within the range proposed for the band awarded.

Bands

Generic descriptors

All learning outcomes and task specifications have been achieved to an exceptionally high standard (according to the level of study).

The outcome of the assessment task is presentable in a professional context and may extend

8

practical or theoretical knowledge in the field. It displays an exceptionally high level of

understanding, evaluation, insight, analysis, reflection and/or criticality (according to the level of

study), and connections are developed both within and beyond the task set.

The work’s organisation, structure and presentation are developed to an exceptionally high standard.

All learning outcomes and task specifications have been achieved to an outstanding standard (according to the level of study).

• The outcome of the assessment demonstrates an outstanding display of understanding, exploration, evaluation, insight, analysis, reflection, criticality and/or research (according to the level of study). Connections are developed both within and beyond the task set.

The work’s organisation, structure and presentation are developed to an outstanding standard.

All learning outcomes and task specifications have been achieved to high standard (according to the level of study).

• The outcome of the assessment demonstrates an excellent display of understanding, exploration, evaluation, insight analysis, reflection, criticality and/or research (according to the level of study), and connections are developed both within and beyond the task set.

The work’s organisation, structure and presentation may be developed to an excellent standard.

All learning outcomes have been achieved at a good and some to a very good standard (according to the level of study).

• The outcome of the assessment demonstrates a very good level of understanding, exploration, evaluation, analysis, reflection, criticality, some insight and/or very good research (according to the level of study), and connections are established within the task set, and in some cases reaching beyond.

The work’s organisation, structure and presentation may be developed to a very good standard.

Most learning outcomes have been met at a good standard (according to the level of study).

• The outcome of the assessment demonstrates a good understanding, exploration, evaluation, analysis, and some reflection, criticality and/or appropriate research. (According to the level of study)

The work’s organisation, structure and presentation may be appropriately developed.

All learning outcomes have been met to a minimum satisfactory standard (according to the level of

3 study).

The outcome of the assessment shows an adequate understanding, of major ideas, with little insight and basic research. Limited level of analysis, reflection and/or criticality (according to the level of

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

17

study).

The outcome of the task shows ability to paraphrase concepts and theories, with limited ability to make connections.

The work may be disorganised, and the structure and presentation may be barely adequate.

Most learning outcomes have almost been met, whilst the rest have not (according to the level of study).

• The outcome of the assessment shows a limited understanding of major ideas, with little insight, very basic research, and very limited ability to make connections. No analysis, reflection and/or criticality (according to the level of study)

The work may be disorganised, and the structure and presentation may be barely adequate.

The majority of the learning outcomes have not been met (according to the Level). The outcome of the assessment task is incomplete, flawed, very limited and/or presents significant inaccuracies.

• The outcome of the assessment shows very limited understanding with no insight, and very limited ability to make connections within basic ideas in the field, very fragmented. Lacks research. No analysis, reflection or criticality (according to the level of study)

The work is disorganised, and unstructured. Presentation is barely adequate.

None of the learning outcomes have been met. The task has not been addressed by the student, or there is no assessable task.

• The outcome of the assessment shows no understanding of basic ideas, with no insight and shows no ability to make connections within basic ideas in the field, or the connections are completely irrelevant. Lacks research. No understanding, analysis, reflection nor criticality.

The work completely lacks organisation and structure. Presentation is completely inadequate.

MGT 6B4, Optimising Operations and Change 2020/21

18[supanova_question]

2 Assignment 3 Project Assignment GoTech Solutions Company 2021/2022 Requirements GoTech is

2

Assignment 3

Project Assignment

GoTech Solutions Company

2021/2022

Requirements

GoTech is a Saudi company (located in Riyadh) that provides technical and digital solutions to other businesses and individuals. Its operation focuses mainly on the Saudi market, but recently it opened two offices in Egypt and Italy. Eng. Abdullah is the CEO, and there are three regional managers (in 3 different countries) and 30 employees working under their supervision. 

Recently, Abdullah has been required to make vital decisions to keep GoTech running during many challenges, including new and existing competitors, rapid technology development, and Coronavirus pandemic. Consider yourself the CEO’s consultant who is required to help him put together a strategy so GoTech can not only survive but also thrive in the future. 

To help you develop your Consultation Strategy Report, use the following points as a guide:

Part 1 

An overview of GoTech company (0.5 marks)

Description of the type of management that GoTech follows. (1 mark)

Description of the challenges with that type of management. (1 mark)

Communication challenges

Cultural and political challenges 

Description of the necessity for creating a virtual Risks Response Team based on Tuckman’s Team Life Cycle Model (see figure 1). (3 marks)

Phases of team creation

Criteria for choosing the team 

Who are they, and why did you choose them?

Pros and cons of the virtual team

Description of the regional managers’ roles (2 marks)

What qualities must they have as leaders? 

How can they motivate themselves and their team? 

What digital recourses can they use to manage the team?

Part 2 

Description of challenges that loom over GoTech (1 mark)

Existing challenges/ disasters

Potential challenges/ disasters

Description of GoTech resources (1 mark)

What are the digital and financial resources?

How can these resources be utilized?

Description of GoTech digital capabilities (2 marks)

Existing capabilities that can be strengthened

Needed capabilities that must be invested in

Description of the solutions (3 marks)

Immediate solutions (based on points 4, 6, 7, & 8)

Future solutions (based on points 5, 6,7, & 8)

Closing remarks/ conclusion (0.5 marks)

Figure 1 Bruce Tuchman’s Team Life Cycle Model (Personio, 2021)

Important details

Due date

Marks

End of week 14

15 marks

Useful links:

http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/studentservices/documents/planning-and-preparing-to-write-assignments.pdf

APA reference system https://student.unsw.edu.au/apa

About plagiarism http://wts.indiana.edu/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml

About plagiarism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagiarism

Guidelines for the assignment:

This is an individual project, which is part from your course score. It requires effort and critical thinking.

Use the given cover page below. One mark will be deducted if there is no cover page.

Your assignment must be supported by evidence and resources. Otherwise, your answer will not be valid.

Use at least 5 different references from the SDL.

Use font Times New Roman, Calibri or Arial.

Use 1.5 or double line spacing with left Justify all paragraphs.

Use the footer function to insert page number.

Ensure that you follow the APA style in your project.

Your project report length should be between 1500 to 2000 words.

Up to 20% of the total grade will be deducted for providing a poor structure of assignment. Structure includes these elements paper style, free of spelling and grammar mistakes, referencing and word count.[supanova_question]

HRD 2000 Self Reflection Essay