plastic product design

plastic product design.

2. a) A gear in your drill will be made of Zytel 101 nylon 66. The torque it will encounter in normal

operation is 20 inch-pounds. If this gear has a pitch diameter (equivalent to a hub outside diameter)

of 1.25 inches and is mounted to a 0.25″ diameter steel shaft, with a contact axial length(thickness) of

0.125 inches, what is the Push-on force, the Contact pressure and what is the necessary reduction in

gear internal diameter, Interference amount, to avoid slippage.

Givens:

Steel tensile modulus, 30,000,000 psi

Steel Poisson ratio, 0.29

Coefficient of friction, 0.40

Nylon tensile modulus, 450,000 psi

Nylon Poisson ratio, 0.41

b) The life expectancy is 5 years, given the chart below, how much of a safety factor would you build

in for stress relaxation in a 50% relative humidity environment, and what should your revised

interference amount be[supanova_question]

Fall 2020 Step 1: Provide 6 URL’s that you will use to

Fall 2020

Step 1: Provide 6 URL’s that you will use to develop your Building Code of Ethics. Put your notes inside the space provided. You may use 3 of the ones provided then find 3 others that is not listed for you within the module.

URLs  with description

https://wp.stolaf.edu/education/model-code-of-ethics-for-educators/

The link describes the various code of ethics for Minnesota educators

URLs  with description

https://pgui.com/the-code-of-ethics-for-educators/

The link describes The Code of Ethics for Educators in general

URLs  with description

https://www.wayne.k12.ms.us/Content2/282

The link describes Mississippi Educator Code of Ethics and Standards of Conduct

URLs  with description

https://www.gse.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/parent_ethical_kids_tips_.pdf

The link describes the process of raising ethical children

URLs  with description

https://www.queensu.ca/teachingandlearning/modules/ethics/04_s2_01_nine_ethical_principles.html

The link provides a list or examples of ethical principles

URLs  with description

https://www.cta.org/about-us/code-of-ethics

The link describes California Educator Code of Ethics and Standards of Conduct

Step 2: Using the URL’s above and also the examples provided you will recommend how one might organize a building code of ethics, both format, and content, and list at least 4 URL’s you have chosen.

Write out your main 4 Principles/Standards for educators:

Principle I: Responsibility to Profession.

Principle II: Responsibility for Ethical Use of Technology.

Principle III: Responsibility to Students.

Principle IV: Responsibility to the School Community.

Write out what the obligations to ensure the principles/standards are met. (List at least 3 for each main principles/standards).

Principle I: Responsibility to Profession.

Avoiding conflict of interests

Obeying the law

Prioritizing students

Principle II: Responsibility for Ethical Use of Technology.

Taking care of technological equipment

Preventing cyberbullying

Exploring safe sites

Principle III: Responsibility to Students.

Engaging students in a friendly way

Listening to student issues

Asking questions to evaluate student understanding

Principle IV: Responsibility to the School Community.

Taking care of school property

Respecting others in the community

Contributing to school culture

Name at least 4 URL’s chosen:

https://wp.stolaf.edu/education/model-code-of-ethics-for-educators/

https://www.queensu.ca/teachingandlearning/modules/ethics/04_s2_01_nine_ethical_principles.html

https://www.cta.org/about-us/code-of-ethics

https://pgui.com/the-code-of-ethics-for-educators/

Step 3: From the information you found above develop a draft outline with actual verbiage and detail you want to use as a representation of the buildings code of ethics, who would be involved in developing the Building level Code of Conduct and a timeline for development.

Educators of xxxx university and its subsidiaries should do the right thing – obey the law, act in a honorable manner, and treat the students with love and decorum.[supanova_question]

PODCAST REFLECTION 1 PODCAST REFLECTION Milk Bar The Milk Bar is a

plastic product design PODCAST REFLECTION 1

PODCAST REFLECTION

Milk Bar

The Milk Bar is a successful pastry and beverage business that has grown over the past decade. It is not a planned business, and everything falls into place when the time is right. Christina Tosi, the CEO of Milk Bar, was driven by a passion for baking. At the moment, that has not changed as the Milk Bar continues to grow and explore different business opportunities like the Ice Cream venture. Throughout Christina’s interview, one thing stands out: how she turned her passion into a business. This proves that doing something you love or are passionate about is the secret to a successful business.

Christina Tosi started baking at a young age with her grandmother, and it was a daily routine, something that she became accustomed to as she was a teenager in high school and even after she went to college, she would bake daily in her college dorm. Even after she transferred to a different college and graduated with a degree in applied mathematics and Italian language, she chose to go to culinary school to learn to be a pastry chef because that’s where she felt comfortable. Her hard work and determination made her network that led to her meeting with the owner of Momofuku Restaurant Groups that helped her make her first bakery.

Milk Bar is valued at tens of millions of dollars, which was a company that started as a small corner store funded by a loan and savings (Raz, 2021). The secret of the business is innovation and indifference, Christina is obsessed with experimenting, and that is how she came with her attractive recipes. She invented the cereal milk, which was considered bizarre, but 11 years later, it has become mainstream (Milk Bar, n.d.). Her cakes do not have frosting on the side, and her pies are made with a unique blend of ingredients which makes her signature pie; the crack pie.

According to Raz (2021), Christina’s pastries are simple but are made with precision. Christina herself pointed out that she’s is obsessed with details in terms of the servings, the quality and the sourcing of the ingredients. Her client’s ability to consistently provide mouth-savouring and quality pastry led her products to go viral after Anderson Cooper talked about it on National television (Raz, 2021). This was the birth of her online business, about a third of her overall business (Milk bar, n.d.). Most of the things that led to the creation of Milk Bar were just coincidence and appreciation of the hard work of Christina Tosi.

The story of Milk Bar is not different from the other successful businesses; look at Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg left college to pursue his dream. Steve Jobs went back and forth with apple before he came back to build the first Apple computer. The common among these three CEOs is that they stayed true to their dreams; as Christine Tosi said, “Every day I find a different way to push the boulder, like the Sisyphus complex.” Everyday Entrepreneurs will face different challenges, and how they approach the challenges is most important, and still is dedicated to the Initial goal and being passionate is an upper hand.

Being passionate about your job is a massive part of being successful. It is because there is no easy way to build a business. It demands less sleep, extended office hours and discipline, which are not easy to maintain for any person. That’s where being passionate helps; when things get complicated, the love of what is being done will help the entrepreneur push harder. Christian Tosi posits that “when they opened the first store, the business was overwhelming to the point that both she and her workers lacked time to sleep or even shower.” This is one concept that is learned from the CEO of Milk Bar.

Additionally, indifference is another aspect that is very instrumental in the success of this business. Every individual that tasted the new pastries appreciated the uniqueness and asked if they could get more. Christina’s innovative approach gave the company its popularity, and maybe if it were a conventional approach to baking then, Milk Bar would not have been born. Simplicity, Precision, Attention to detail, Uniqueness, Passion and hard work are the key ingredients to a successful business.

References

Milk Bar (n.d.). About Milk Bar. Retrieved from https://milkbarstore.com/pages/about

Raz, G. (2021). Milk Bar. Christian Tosi. [Podcast Episode]. In HOW I BUILT THIS WITH GUY RAZ. https://www.npr.org/2021/10/22/1048405326/live-episode-milk-bar-christina-tosi-2019[supanova_question]

1 3 Dubai Expo2020 Author name Institutional affiliation Course number and name

1

3

Dubai Expo2020

Author name

Institutional affiliation

Course number and name

Instructor name

Assignment due date

Dubai Expo2020

Introduction and Thesis Statement

Dubai Expo is a world fair even that is to be hosted in Dubai, and it is to take place in other regions such as the Middle East, Africa, and even in the South Asia region. It is the first time such an event is taking place in that area. A significant change is highly expected since it provides an excellent opportunity for people and nations to share ideas and issues ranging from innovation, enhancing or improving quality of life, sustainable development, and other matters of international concern. The event is to have various impacts in Dubai and the region in general, mainly in terms of economic boost in various development sectors. Based on the research question and topic, the document tends to elaborate on how the government and locals are likely to benefit from the event and the regional population that is likely not to realize the positive value of the event.

Body Outline

Discourse Communities That the Event Might impact

Based on the nature of the event, some discourse communities are likely to get impacted by Expo2020. As indicated in various research studies like Gomba, Hyland, & Paris (2018), the event is very significant to various communities or populations, for example, the private sector or private business owners. The event will provide a good opportunity for them to gain some of the latest trends and technology that can assist them in enhancing their production or increasing the quality of their products.

The locals or natives are another significant discourse community that is to be impacted by the event. That is because they are to experience both negative and positive effects of the event. For example, the event will provide employment opportunities for them in the private sector. However, they will have to bear the high price of various products and experience limited government essential services since much focus is on the upcoming event.

Direct Impact of The Event on Locals

The local community of Dubai or the natives stand a better opportunity of experiencing numerous benefits which result from the event. For instance, the country is to receive a considerable number of visitors worldwide who are to attend the event. That creates a good market opportunity for the locals or small business owners. Locals are also to benefit from various employment opportunities tata created by the event, Expo2020.

Possible Negative Impact of the event.

Despite the various positive economic impacts on the country, Expo2020 also has a particularly adverse effect that will likely affect ordinary citizens or locals. For example, it is likely to enhance inflation or increase in prices of local commodities. The government should take necessary measures to avoid unnecessary increases in prices.

Impact Of Expo202 on The Host Country (Dubai)

Being an economic event, the Dubai government stand a better opportunity to experience a significant economic benefit. There are various sectors of development that have got a high opportunity of experiencing the better impact of the event, as listed below.

Sectors That Are Expected to Benefit the Most

Infrastructure and Transportation

Expo2020 involves a range of activities that will significantly boost passengers’ transportation and various products or cargo. Currently, the Dubai government has committed billions of dollars to expand various infrastructures like airports, rail, and even roads (Gomba, Hyland, & Paris, 2018). That has created many employment opportunities for the locals, right from getting employment opportunities from the development areas or construction companies that are to employ more personnel.

Construction and Real Estate.

Construction and real estate are other significant sectors that will experience a significant benefit due to the event. The government has earmarked significant funds for necessary infrastructure development focusing specifically on the construction, real estate, and hospitality industries. These industries with therefore employ more locals who are to engage in the new activities.

Hospitality and Tourism.

The Dubai Expo 2020 is an event that is expected to host more than 25 million visitors for six months. Over 70% of that number are to come from outside the United Arab Emirates. That creates a good market for those involved in the hospitality business; therefore, such organizations or facilities will have additional employee staff. The government has estimated the need to add 45,000 hotel rooms to accommodate many non-UAE visitors (Benefits of Dubai expo, 2020).

Investment Boom

From the moment it got declared that the nation had won the bid or opportunity to host World Expo 2020, the UAE government has received investments worth USD37 billion. It is still expected to receive another USD8 billion in investments during Expo 2020, among other additional investment opportunities (Gomba, Hyland, & Paris, 2018). As a result, the government is in a better position to ensure effective delivery of some of the essential services to its citizens, which the visitors are also to benefit from, for instance, good healthcare service, clean water, and even transport and communication system.

Expected Growth for the Retail Sector

UAE retail sector offers employment opportunities to a large percentage of the country’s population. Through the event that will attract millions of visitors, Dubai will yield huge profits and fast-paced growth in the UAE’s retail sector, enhancing better living conditions or income to the locals. For example, the food and beverage sector are projected to experience considerable growth (Vij et al., 2018).

Momentum in the Labor Market

One of the significant or positive impacts of the event is that the event has created numerous job opportunities in all the country’s economic sectors since it got elected as the country host. That has been enhanced by the country’s action of launching infrastructure and real estate projects and building national pavilions. As indicated on the official site of Expo 2020 Dubai, about 90,000 new full-time jobs are expected to be created.

Glossary of Terms

Word Expo- It is a universal exposition or event that the Bureau of International Expositions sanctions. It is always organized every five years by the nation, which wins the right to host the event. It provides a good platform for the global community to share innovations and debate about critical issues facing the world.

Locals-This refers to the Dubai or United Arab Emirates citizens who are impacted by the event either directly or indirectly through various economic activities.

Economic Impact- This refers to the positive effect or economic boost that the country, in general, can experience due to the event. For instance, sectors such as hotels and tourism will experience an increase in revenue due to the event.

Discourse Communities- local stakeholders within the country that are to be affected by the event.

References

Benefits of Dubai expo 2020. (2020, December 10). A blog about homes, trends, tips & life in the UAE | MyBayut. https://www.bayut.com/mybayut/benefits-dubai-expo-2020/

Gomba, C. A., Hyland, L., & Paris, C. M. (2018). Tourist perceptions of Dubai and Expo2020. E-review of Tourism Research, 15(4/5).

Vij, M., Upadhya, A., Vij, A., & Kumar, M. (2019). Exploring residents’ perceptions of mega event-Dubai Expo 2020: A pre-event perspective. Sustainability, 11(5), 1322.[supanova_question]

Podcast: Bobbi Brown Cosmetics According to Bobbi Brown, being inquisitive is a

Podcast: Bobbi Brown Cosmetics

According to Bobbi Brown, being inquisitive is a habit that drove her to success. While she expected to sell 100 lipsticks in the first month of launching Bobbi Brown, she ended up selling 100 on the first day alone. She attributes this success with her habit of talking to everyone and anyone who crosses her path. She believes that all people are unique and have something interesting to say no matter where they came from.

Bobbi’s interest in make-up began with her interest in film and theatre, and how these media were able to transform people in terms of age, era, and overall look through make-up. Initially, Bobbi was not interested in the make-up that serves to make people look like models as seen in looks with heavy eyeshadows and bold red lipstick. Instead, she was interested in creating make-up that enhanced features and was not immediately visible when worn. In essence, Bobbi wanted to create the “no make-up, make-up” look that is popular with people today. However, she first pondered on where she could start. This is when she came across Mademoiselle Magazine that featured an article about a freelance artist in New York named Bonnie Malheur. At that point, Bobbi had never heard of the term “make-up artist” and she only looked up to Bonnie in awe as she had been doing fashion shows and working for big brands like Calvin Klein and Perry Ellis. Bobbi then had the bright idea of writing to Bonnie and asking her if she could assist in any kind of work and show in New York despite having no experience. While Bonnie never wrote back, her voicemail said that “Hi! This is Bonnie. Please call my agent, Brian Bantry if I do not write back.” This is exactly what Bonnie did. While Brian did not become Bobbi’s agent, he did let her assist, giving Bobbi her first experience as a freelance make-up artist. From there on, Bobbi continued to learn the secrets of the trade and conduct market research through the various people she has talked with.

In the late 80’s Bobbi was talking to a man in Kiehl’s pharmacy who turned out to be a chemist. He offered to make Bobbi’s first batch of lipsticks based on her requests that she did not want these to be dry nor too greasy. Eventually, the man offered to be Bobbi’s partner in creating and selling these products. Bobbi took up on that offer.

Eventually one lipstick shade grew to 10 and Bobbi asked a friend if she could review these items. This friend was aware of the advertising industry and told Bobbi that she could do P.R or Public Relations for her through writing about her products and having them featured in a magazine in order to let her name be known by readers.

Bobbi did not stop there as she would go great lengths to discover new things about her product while also understanding her consumers. She would go to parks and talk to women of different races and nationalities and ask them to try her product and give her a review. She would do these in groups and collate the feedback she got. While she did not know the proper term at the time, she was actually conducting FGDs or Focus Group Discussions. These all helped Bobbi think about how she wanted her formula to be or how to improve the marketing of her product.

Bobbi was never tired of talking to people, and all of her efforts paid off. A woman she chatted with in the elevator turned out to be a lab worker in Long Island City, and this lab is where she eventually had her lipsticks made. In a party she attended, Bobbi personally introduced her to the host, who turned out to be a cosmetics buyer at Bergdorfs. Bobbi eventually sold her lipstick in Bergdorfs, an upscale department store. These are just a few of Bobbi’s stories over her 30-year career as head of Bobbi Brown. Her entrepreneurial mindset and willingness to talk to anyone under the sun had proven fruitful in developing her brand and creating the popular brand as it’s known now.[supanova_question]

Form Number 3 – PERIODIC REPORT Internship Student Report | Month? Start

Form Number 3 – PERIODIC REPORT

Internship Student Report | Month?

Start Date End Date:

Student’s Name:

Student’s ID Number:

Training Organization: Saudi Airlines

Trainee Department: Guest Care Center

Trainee Supervisor Name:

Faculty Member:

Course: MGT430

CRN:

Academic Year/Semester:

(Instructions)

This report must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via the allocated folder.

Email submission will not be accepted.

Your work should be clearly and completely presented; marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Assignment will be evaluated through BB Safe Assign tool.

Late submission will result in ZERO marks being awarded.

This work should be your own, copying from students or other resources will result in ZERO marks.

Use Times New Roman font 12 for all your answers.

(Report Components)

Task(s)

What are the activities and tasks given to you during this month?

-1Monitor and develop the lowest performing employees.

-2Create statistics for the best-selling and most productive employees and provide the management with that.

-3Monitor employee behavior and ethics in general.

New skill(s)

What skills did you learn through the month?

-1Gain the skill of using the Excel program and learn more details about the program.

-2Acquisition of the language of dialogue and communication with employees.

Meeting(s)

How many meetings did you attend?

Two meeting were conducted with the supervisor.

Difficulty/ Challenge(s)

What are the difficulties you had this month?

I initially had difficulty in doing employee sales statistics

How did you overcome these difficulties?

I was able to overcome it by watching more explanations about the program

Learning

What did you learn from completing the tasks

I learned that nothing is difficult, not to be stressed and to take things comfortably.

What did you want to learn more?

Before taking on assignments, I must be prepared for them and take advance information

*Note:

1. This report is a summary of the training activities performed.

2. You may attach additional pages if needed. And student can attach any extra note to this form.[supanova_question]

Carbon Storage in Marshes and Mangrove forest of Ponce preserve Park ENSS141L

Carbon Storage in Marshes and Mangrove forest of Ponce preserve Park

ENSS141L Stetson University

Coastal ecosystems act as a connector between the world’s ocean and land marsh and are of tremendous ecological and economic importance. They provide habitats for biodiversity in both land, water, and in between. They are also crucial economic hubs from transit, tourism, human habitation perspectives.

In this lab, we explore the coastal environment from their carbon sequestration perspectives. The coastal ecosystems act as excellent retrievers and storage units of Carbon. The release of carbon from the coastal ecosystem is slow because coastal soils have much lower oxygen levels because of saline water. The carbon captured by the ocean and coastal systems is called blue carbon. Mangroves, saltmarshes, and seagrass are major coastal ecosystems that sequester and store carbon. Mangroves provide billions each year in ecosystem services by supporting fisheries, filtering pollutants, and contaminants, and controlling, protecting coastal development from storms, floods, and erosion. The mangroves protect our coastal system from sea level rise as well as hold carbon which would cause global warming if emitted into the atmosphere. Tidal saltmarshes are coastal wetlands with deep soils where mineral sediments and organic materials accumulated because of flooding from in-land and tide actions of the ocean. The soil is carbon-rich with several meters deep and carbon sequestration rates are two to four-time greater than those found in mature tropical forests. Salt marshes filter pollutants, help maintain water quality, provide critical habitat for marine and land species, and help prevent erosion.

Blue carbon ecosystems are some of the most threatened ecosystems on Earth, with several thousands of hectares being destroyed each year. About half of natural coastal ecosystems have already been lost. When degraded or lost, these ecosystems can become significant sources of carbon dioxide. Major threats to these ecosystems include deforestation for the construction of aquaculture ponds, unsustainable coastal development, dredging, etc.

In this lab, we will examine blue carbon storage capacity by examining soil of Mangrove forest and Saltmarsh of Ponce Preserve, one of the protected areas, in Central Florida.

Please state your hypothesis based on the following considerations

Comparison of carbon storage between mangroves and salt marsh

Total soil carbon in mangroves and salt marsh based on field observation and global average

Emission of carbon if they are destroyed and/or are converted into other land use.

Methods

Calculating area and mapping Mangroves and Salt Marsh

In Google Earth Pro find Ponce Preserve Park. Please delineate boundaries of Mangroves and saltmarsh using Google Earth Pro. After the area is delineated use table two to derive total soil carbon stocks. Please take a reference from figure 1 to delineate the boundary.

Figure 1: Current Mangroves cover in Ponce preserve. Non-green areas are saltmarsh. Map courtesy of Lindsay Edwards and Ben Tanner.

Table 1: Area and soil carbon amount

Mangroves Area (ha)

Mangroves Soil Carbon (Mg)

Mangroves Above Ground Carbon

Salt Marshes Area (ha)

Saltmarshes Soil Carbon (Mg)

Saltmarshes Above Ground Carbon

Table 2: Mean and range values of soil organic carbon stocks to 1 meter depth for different coastal blue carbon ecosystems (IPCC 2013, Blue Carbon Manual).

Carbon Stock (Mg/ha)

Range (Mg/ha)

Percentage soil below ground

Mangrove

386

55-1376

~70 %

Tidal Salt Marsh

255

16-1623

~ 98 %

Soil Analysis Methods

Sample Collection

We will collect soil samples from various sites along the trails. The soil samples will be collected from salt marshes and mangroves. You will use the soil auger to do this. take a sample of the soil with the syringe. Be sure to collect at least 5cm3 (1ml = 1cm3). These samples will be brought back to the lab in a Ziploc bag. In each Ziploc bag make sure to write a unique number.

Soil Bulk Density

The organic matter will need to be extracted from the syringe when we return to the lab. Select an aluminum weighing disk and write your unique symbol number. Record the volume of organic sediment that you collected (cm3) and record the weight of the weighing dish.

*Sediment Volume (cm3)_ __________ _____________

*Aluminum weighing dish weight (g): ___________ ____________

Place all of the soil from your sample into the weighing dish. Place the weighing dish in the drying oven. The samples will dry overnight at 65 deg. C. We will measure the weight of the samples after they have dried.

Remove your sample from the drying oven and determine the dry weight.

Dry Weight (g) = Weight of sample and dish – weight of dish = _______ _______

We now have enough data to determine bulk density, one of the steps required to determine the carbon sequestration rate (see equations at the beginning of the lab). Use the dry weight that you just measured along with the sediment volume that you determined last class in order to calculate bulk density:

Bulk Density = Dry Weight (g) / Volume (cm3)

Bulk Density: ___________ ___________

% Organic Carbon

Samples can now be transferred to the muffle furnace for combustion. We will combust the samples at a temperature that will burn off the organic matter and leave the mineral material unaltered. Samples will be combusted at 550 deg. C for 2 hrs. and we will re-weigh after the organic material has been combusted.

Sample weight after combustion (g) = Weight of sample and dish– weight of dish = ____________ ____________

% Lost as a result of combustion (this is known as loss on ignition or %LOI) = (Dry weight-Sample weight after combustion)/dry weight x 100:_________ __________

There is still one more step required to determine % organic carbon. The combusted organic matter contains carbon plus several other elements. In order to estimate % organic carbon we will need to divide %LOI by a factor of 1.724.

% Organic Carbon:___________ ____________

Soil Carbon Density

We now know the % organic carbon in the soil as well as the soil bulk density. We can now determine soil carbon density.

Soil carbon density (g C cm-3) = % organic carbon (put this back into decimal form and do not leave in percentage form) x soil bulk density:____________ ___________.

Soil carbon density (Tons C m-3) = SCD*1000

Carbon per m2 in one meters depth (Tons C m-2) = Tons C m-3

Carbon per hectares (Tons C ha-1) = Tons C m-2 / 10000

Carbon Sequestration Datasheet

Aluminum plate weight = ____ gram

Sample Number

Volume (V)

(cm3)

Dry weight (W)

(After oven dry)

Bulk Density

(V/W)

Weight (Wc)

(after combustion)

Proportion of Carbon Lost

((W-Wc)/W ) (Cl)

Proportion Organic Carbon (OC)

Cl*1.724

Soil carbon density = OC*Bulk Density

Average

Average SCD of Mangroves

Average SCD of Salt Marshes

Discussion Prompts

Discuss the carbon storage potential of saltmarshes versus mangroves

Compare total carbon storage derived from the empirical soil sampling and carbon measurements with the results derived using the global estimate

Find some references regarding Mangroves in Florida and discuss how they are being protected and aid in carbon sequestration potential

Discuss how the change in land use in these areas impact carbon sequestration and carbon storage

References

Howard J, Hoyt S, Isensee K, Pidgeon E, Telszewski M (Eds) (2014). Coastal Blue Carbon; Methods for assessing carbon stocks and emissions factors in mangroves, tidal salt marshes, and seagrass meadows. International Blue Carbon Initiative. CARBON

Brian C. Murray, Linwood Pendleton, W. Aaron Jenkins, Samantha Sifleet (2011). Green Payments for Blue Carbon Economic Incentives for Protecting Threatened Coastal Habitats. Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions. Duke University.

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/bluecarbon.html”[supanova_question]

MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS ACTIVITY 5 1. Suppose you are in charge of the

MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS

ACTIVITY 5

1. Suppose you are in charge of the social media for your faculty. Discuss the pros and cons of each of the following social media platforms: Facebook, Instagram, Tik Tok, You Tube. Do you have another proposal?

Which two would be the most important? Why? Should the social media be targeted to current students or prospective students? Explain why.

2. Examine the goals aimed by companies that use social media marketing (listed below). Choose two competing brands you follow on social media and compare them based on assessment of each goal ( use a 1-5 level scale for each goal).

• Increase brand exposure

Engage fans

• A venue for customer interaction

• Enhance brand image

• Develop loyal fans

• Increase sales[supanova_question]

College of Administration and Finance Sciences Form No 4- Internship Report Cover

College of Administration and Finance Sciences

Form No 4- Internship Report Cover Page

Student`s name:

Student`s ID #:

Training Organization:

Trainee Department:

Field Instructor Name:

Field Instructor Signature:

Course Title:

CRN:

Internship Start Date:

Internship End Date:

Academic Year/Semester:

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Total Training Hours /280

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained /30

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Academic Report Guideline(Co-op)

(please do not include this text in the final report, just follow its guidelines and use the cover page above)

The report should be submitted within two weeks after you finish your Co-op training Program.

In addition, the report should be approximately 3000 – 4000, single –spaced and consider taking the following format

General instructions for writing the final report:

The report must be written in English language.

The word limit is 3000-4000.

If the report word count is not within the required word limit, marks will be deducted.

The font size is 12, Times New Roman, justified, 1.5 space.

Main headings use font size of 16 and bold.

Add page numbers in the middle bottom of the page.

Plagiarism or copying from other sources will result in ZERO marks.

This report must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via the allocated folder.

Your work should be clearly and completely presented; marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Assignment will be evaluated through BB Safe Assign tool. Late submission will result in ZERO marks being awarded.

First Page

The first page should display the student’s full name, internship start and finish dates, working hours per week, company/institution name, and the cover page.

The field instructor should sign on the first page.

A Brief Executive Summary of the Internship

A one-page summary of the company/institution and a short account of the major activities carried out during the internship period.

Acknowledgment

To allow the student to express her/his thankful and gratitude to individuals (such as: field instructor, academic supervisor, colleagues…etc.) who help them in carrying out and completing her/his training journey. This part will aid the students to learn basic elements of academic writing. To express their appreciation in a concise and professional manner.

Table of Contents

Contents of the report with page numbers, list of tables, and list of figures.

Introduction

A brief of the report. The Aim of the report.

Chapter 1: Description of the company

This section should answer the following questions:

What is the full title of the company/institution?

Give a brief history of the company, full mailing address and relevant weblinks

What is the type of ownership of the company/institution?

State the main shareholders and their shares.

What is the sector that the company/institution operates in?

Specify the products and services produced and offered to its customers/clients.

Who are regarded as the customers/clients of your internship company (consider the end users, retailers, other manufacturers, employees,etc.)?

Provide an organization chart of the company, along with information on the number of employees. Provide a list of functions performed by different departments/divisions in the internship organization. Provide an overview off the production system or service procedure (what are the resources, inputs, outcomes, andconstraints?)

Provide a process chart of a major product and/or service.

The following questions can be classified as your major fit (Finance, Accounting, Ecommerce and Management).

What kind accounting/finance/IT//quality/marketing standards and principles are used in the organization?

Discuss telecommunication technologies (Database, Instant Messenger, Networking, Ecommerce tools) used in the company.

Describe the quality planning and control activities in the internship organization.

Describe the quality control activities throughout the life cycle of the product/service groups

What kind of financial analysis and decision-making methods are used by corporate treasurers and financial managers in the internship organization?

What types of marketing, selling, and human resources analysis are performed (cost system, evaluation of consumers, needs, product strategy, distribution strategy, promotional strategy)?

Chapter 2: Internship activities

This is the main body of your report. During the internship period, the focus of the training may on the following types of analysis and questions. You do not have to answer all the questions in the list: Describe your working conditions and functions, such as: Who is your supervisor (include his/her name and his/her position); other team members or co-workers and what their functions are to complement yours.

Provide a detailed description about the department(s) that the trainee did her/his training with them. Adding all sub-divisions for this department(s) if it is available. Student can add to this description a supported chart.

Detailed descriptions about all tasks and activities that the trainee did them during her/his training period.

Gained skills and how they added value to your work

Other tasks that are not related to the trainee’s major that done by her/him at the company should be included in this chapter as well.

What types of incentives did you get as a trainee to be more proactive and productive?

Describe what kind of working documents and analysis you did there and what experiences you have gained throughout yourtraining. Provide examples of your work.

A comparison between theory (things you have learned in the classroom) and practice (things you did or observed at the company) must be made and highlighted. In this section the student can add a supported table includes which academic course (s) (course title and code) helped to perform training tasks. For example, two columns; the first one shows the course name and second column shows the tasks performed and related to this course.

Show some work samples that you have encountered/conducted at the company through graphs, pictures, data, drawings, or design calculations and include them in your report.

Lessons learnt (what the overall benefits gained from the training program)

Chapter 3: Recommendations

Advantageous that helped the student in completing the training program.

Disadvantageous and challenges that faced the student and how he/she did overcome them.

Recommendations to improve training program in the college.

Recommendation for the training company. Conclusion Sum up and summary of the training experience. Reference If it is needed Appendix (option) This will help the instructor to have a background about the trainee and his/her previous experiences. Also, it helps the students in writing their CVs for future job application especially for fresh graduates who do not have previous practical experiences.

Basic information (name, city, contact details…etc.).

Job objectives.

Academic qualifications.

Practical experiences.

Skills this will help the instructor to have a background about the trainee and his/her previous experiences[supanova_question]

CULTURAL AND SOCIAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE APPAREL SHOPPING 15 CULTURAL AND SOCIAL

CULTURAL AND SOCIAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE APPAREL SHOPPING 15

CULTURAL AND SOCIAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE APPAREL SHOPPING 1

Nika Basilashvili and Veronika Lunichkina

BUS 401 – Consumer Behavior

Instructor: Indr? Razbadauskait?-Vensk?

Group Project – Article Review

LCC International University

Title: Cultural and Social Factors that Influence Apparel Shopping

Introduction

The consumer market is individuals purchasing goods and services for personal use. Consumers differ dramatically in age, income and education levels, tastes, etc. Based on the characteristics, marketers identify different groups of consumers and create goods and services designed for each of them. Shopping is influenced by cultural, social, personal, and psychological factors.

This paper will examine the social and cultural factors that influence consumer decision making. Social status and culture are some of the most crucial aspects that influence consumer behavior. These are aspects that determine peoples’ identity, characteristics, values, understanding, and views. On the other hand, clothing is items that create a basic impression about people’s identity, social status, culture, characteristics, values, and views. Accordingly, it is relevant and interesting to analyze the impact of social and cultural factors on apparel shopping.

Article 1: A Study of Clothing Purchasing Behavior By Gender with Respect to Fashion and Brand Awareness

There is an idea that males and females have different decision-making approaches and behavior during apparel purchasing. Clothing has various tasks in our lives and it says a lot about people. The development in this industry created a new trend that people tend to purchase clothing that is functional and provides status at the same time. Emine Koca and Fatma Koc (2016) researched the impact of gender on purchasing behavior for fashion items.

The sample size of the research was 382 (196 males and 86 females). People were chosen randomly in Ankara, Turkey. And the data was analyzed by SPSS.

The key findings of the research are: even though most of the respondents stated that they purchase clothing when they need one, women do it more often. They believe that buying new clothes helps them “to bolster their spirits” (Koca, Koc, p.246, 2016). Nevertheless, results show that men purchase clothing more often to follow the fashion trend. Another finding was that the main influencing factors on purchasing behavior are economic situation, cultural values, and psychological situation. Must be highlighted that these factors influence women more than men. The study also proved that comparatively more men believe that fashion clothing help people stand out than women. The study showed that more women are influenced by fashion while more men are influenced by the brand name.

In conclusion, Emine Koca and Fatma Koc made research to find out the purchasing behavior by gender with respect to fashion and brand name. They choose 382 people randomly and asked them the same questions. The results show that Women buy clothes more often than men. Moreover, women pay more attention to fashion and men pay more attention to the brand name.

The strength of this study is that it is very specific and focuses on gender, fashion, and brand awareness. As the weakness of the study can be considered the fact that the participants were chosen only in one city.

I believe that this article is very useful for marketers and fashion companies to find out what women and pay attention to during purchasing apparel. Companies must provide fashion clothes for women and change collections often. For men, they must provide popular brand products and rarely.

Article 2: A Theoretical Approach to the Influence of Social Class on Consumer Behavior

Every person is individual and has a unique understanding, values, sense of social status, and decision-making process. However, people with similar social classes tend to make similar consumer decisions. “According to the consumer behavior theories of Howard and also more recently Rossiter and Foxall, the direct causes of behavior are initiating stimuli; momentary motivation or ‘drive’ level; habits, which include beliefs, attitudes, and values; and external incentives” (Durmaz, et al. p.188, 2014). Social class is considered in the third group habit. And this study aims to focus on the influence of social class on consumer behavior.

This study explains social class and defines the key characteristics. People with the same social class mostly purchase similar brands’ clothing, furniture, vehicles, services, etc.; According to the class, people change their positions in society; Occupation, income, education, and wealth are the main aspects that determine social class; People can shift between social classes. For some societies shifting between social classes is easy but for others very difficult. “Social mobility can be upward, downward or even horizontal” (Durmaz, et al. p.188, 2014). Horizontal mobility occurs when people change occupations but stay in the same social class. Downward mobility refers to the regression process when people are forced to join the lower social class. Upward mobility is the opposite. It occurs when people develop and shift to a higher social class.

According to Durmaz, Yakup, Tasdemir, and Ahmet (2014), the difference between social classes are obvious in some countries but not in another. For example, it is easy for marketers to define a social class in countries like India and Brazil but it is complicated in countries like Canada and Australia.

The key findings of this research are: “young people from upper social classes may have stronger brand preferences and are more likely to seek information prior to decision making than their lower-class counterparts” (Durmaz, et al. p.190, 2014). People from the lower class prefer local services mostly in the neighborhood. These places are attractive for them because of their friendly environment and easy credits. Meanwhile, people from the upper lever social class are more confident and they visit new places and try new products and services.

In conclusion, happily or sadly, most countries and nations are divided into social classes. People from similar social classes have similar needs and desires. They tend to behave and take similar decisions. The main elements of social classes are education, wealth, and occupation. The gap between social classes is different for various nations.

The strength of this study is that it defines how social classes are created and how people shift between them. Moreover, this article highlights how people behave according to their social class. Nevertheless, the weakness of this article is the small number of examples. There are only several findings on how people from different social classes behave.

This article can be very beneficial for marketers and businesses to understand the impact of social class on consumer decisions. “For instance, People in the upper class want a pleasant store atmosphere featuring exciting displays; lower classes emphasize acquiring household things or clothing as the enjoyable part of shopping” (Durmaz, et al. p.190, 2014). Companies can create suitable interiors according to their target audience’s social class.

Article 3: Income, Social Class and Consumer Behavior a Focus on Developing Nations

Social factors are a crucial set of aspects that has a huge influence on consumers’ behavior. One of the most influential aspects is wealth and social class. The research done by Mohammad Ekhlaque Ahmed (2016), states that “social class refers to the position of members of society in a hierarchy of distinct status classes”. It divides people according to income. The concept of social classes is not new for society. It has always been a part of people’s lives and always had an impact on people’s actions and decisions. Nevertheless, the implementation of social class on consumer decisions is a newer trend.

The purpose of the study “INCOME, SOCIAL CLASS AND CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR: A FOCUS ON DEVELOPING NATIONS” is to define income and social class and find how it impacts consumer behavior and marketing strategies. This study focuses on developing economies and nations. “The paper also allows readers to gain familiarity with the tools and processes currently used by marketing professionals for analyzing market opportunities in terms of income and social class, and help develop a customer-centric marketing approach based on the attractiveness of social class as opposed to transaction-oriented marketing focusing on income only” (Ahmed, et al. 2016).

The study states that self-control, preference for credit, a propensity to plan, age, life cycle, education level, income level, Mental budget, and financial management play a crucial role in consumer decision making. Lack of self-control force many people to spend much money and satisfy themselves without understanding the possible financial crisis. Also, many people prefer to take credits and purchase expensive products than to buy affordable ones. There are two basic categories of consumers. One of them spends all the money without thinking about the future and the second category plans everything ahead and always keeps reserve for unexpected consequences. According to this study, young people tend to spend more percentages of their income than older people. Moreover, people take different purchasing decisions at the different stages of the life cycle. For example, most people in their teenage years are not ready to purchase expensive assets such as a house. Education level impacts other influencer factors and accordingly consumer behavior. Higher education level gives people a better understanding of spending management. People with higher education pay more attention to the pros and cons of expenses.

With the increase of income level, the spending on luxury goods increase. Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan are good examples of how people change their behavior at different social levels. Researches show that people in these countries proportionally spend less on essential goods such as food, than unessential luxury products. “South Korea’s share of spending on basic necessities has been halved since 1970, from 44% to 22% currently” (Ahmed, et al. p. 6686, 2016).

The research explains that in less developing countries for example, in Africa people still prefer the conventional retail system. Therefore, the study suggests businesses to adapt these cultures and offer consumers what they need. A good example of the adaptation is that “Coca Cola has built a network of over 3000 ‘micro distributors’ (small entrepreneurs) that deliver Coke products by pushcarts and bicycles to difficult-to-reach outlets” (Ahmed, et al. p. 6688, 2016).

With the progress of social level, companies have to adapt and change focus. In nations with lower income companies focus more on price and quantity. However, as countries develop companies must focus more on quality and branding.

In conclusion, this research defines income, social class, and their relationship with consumer behavior. Authors state that self-control, preference for credit, propensity to plan, age, life cycle, education level, income level, Mental budget, and financial management play crucial roles in consumer decision making. Moreover, it argues that people with higher income spend more on expensive unessential goods compared to essentials. The study analyzes the cases of different countries and how companies should adapt to different markets according to the social conditions there.

The strength of this research is that authors analyze countries with different social levels and compare them to each other. It shows good examples for companies how to adapt to different markets. Nevertheless, it has some weaknesses as well. I believe that it would be better if they focused more on individuals instead of countries and research how individuals with different social classes make purchasing decisions and behave as consumers.

From my point of view, this research is useful for companies who are trying to enter a new market and adapt new culture. Analysis in the study explains how people spend money according to the average income in their country. Companies can apply this knowledge in practical implications and offer consumers products according to their incomes. Moreover, businesses can use this study to evaluate potential countries where people have enough income to buy their products or services.

Article 4: Effects of Religiosity on Apparel Shopping Orientation: An Exploratory

Study

“Although sociologists have been studying the relationship between religion and human behavior since the early 20th century, marketers and consumer behavior researchers only started to pay attention to the effects of religion in the consumer market since the 1980s” (Davis, Lizhu, 2014). The aim of this study is to explore the effect of religiosity on Christian consumers’ apparel shopping orientation. 668 people participated in the study through the online questionnaires and 333 of them were Christians. Moreover, 82% of the participants were female.

The research found out that religiosity has a significant influence on Christian apparel shopping. Christianity has a significant positive correlation with quality, style, and price. In other words, Christians tend to buy high-quality products but at a discount or a lower price. The study states that more committed Christians pay more attention to price and look for the cheapest option. Moreover, the researchers found that more committed Christians pay more attention to fashion. However, they know less about brands and show less brand loyalty.

In conclusion, Davis and Lizhu researched Christian people and find out how they make consumer decisions on apparel. The research found a significant positive correlation between Christianity and apparel quality, fashion, and price.

The strength of this article is that it summarizes in detail how more and less committed Christians shopping. The research shows the correlation on the very important aspects such as quality, fashion, and price. Nevertheless, the weakness of this study is that it only focuses on the Christian audience. Also, the majority of the sample are women.

The research is very useful for companies who deliver their products and services to Christian countries. I believe that this study explains in detail what Christian people pay attention to, according to their commitment to the religion. Apparel shops could imply these findings in their campaigns and offer high-quality products at lower prices regardless of the brand.

Article 5: Country Differences in Determinants of Behavioral Intention towards Sustainable Apparel Products

Clothing is an indivisible part of our lives. It is one of the most obvious things that differs people from animals. Jung, Oh, and Kim (2021) made research to investigate the determinants of behavioral intention toward sustainable apparel products in different countries. In total, they surveyed 771 people from UK, USA, and China. The aim of the study was to examine consumer characteristics and marketing perspectives.

“The textiles and apparel (T&A) industry has been presumed to cause nearly 10% of global carbon emission and production and is one of the most polluting industries in the world” (Jung, et al., p.1, 2021) it concerns many people and society all over the world. Therefore, fashion companies try to become co-friendly and produce sustainable apparel. Sustainability is becoming more popular daily. The study examines hypothesis:

“Shopping values positively affect behavioral intentions of SAP”

“Consciousness of sustainability positively affect behavioral intentions of SAP”

“Perceived consumer effectiveness positively affect behavioral intentions of SAP”

“Environmental knowledge positively affect behavioral intentions of SAP”

“Product criteria of sustainable apparel positively affect behavioral intentions

of SAP”.

“Significant differences exist among UK, US, and Chinese consumers in their behavioral intention to SAP and influential determinants of behavioral intention to SAP”

“Significant differences exist among UK, US, and Chinese consumers in the impacts of influential determinants on behavioral intention to SAP”

To test these hypotheses, the authors collected female respondents from age 20 to 40 in the UK, USA, and China. The data was collected using online questionnaires.

The study found that the priority for people is their needs and preferences over the concern of sustainability. Moreover, from the surveyed countries, China is the most collectivist. Chinese people worry the most about functionality in sustainable apparel. American and English people pay more attention to brands compared to Chinese people. “Both Western and Eastern consumer groups have positive behavioral intentions toward SAP, and this means the positive marketability of the sustainable apparel industry” (Jung, et al., p.1, 2021).

The strength of this article is that it compares people from three leading countries. Also, it researches the topic from both the consumer and marketing sides. Nevertheless, the weakness of the study is that it does not analyze results according to age or social level.

Companies that plan to produce sustainable products and sell them internationally can consider the findings from this research. These companies will understand that for Chinese people, quality is more important than a brand name. “Therefore, companies must first define motivators of consumers’ sustainable consumption behaviors and then apply the concept of sustainability into marketing strategies” (Jung, et al., p.1, 2021).

Article 6: Evaluation of socio-cultural factors influencing consumer buying behavior of clothes in Borno State, Nigeria. 

The article by Lawan & Zanna (2021) titled “Evaluation of socio-cultural factors influencing consumer buying behavior of clothes in Borno State Nigeria” was published in the International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences in September 2021. The two authors of the article, Lawan A. Lawan, and Ramat Zanna, are members of the Department of Marketing in Ramat Polytechnic in Nigeria. Therefore, they are credible authors, and the insights in their article are relevant. The authors sought to assess the cultural factors that affect and influence how clothes are purchased in Borno State in Nigeria. The specific goal of the research was to evaluate and examine consumers’ decision-making process by assessing the economic, personal, and cultural factors that influence the purchase of clothes.

The research took a mixed research approach, and findings were collected using a questionnaire. A sample of 192 relative buyers was identified and administered with the questionnaires, out of whom 174 filled them and returned them for analysis. Descriptive statistics and chi-square were used to analyze the data.

Outcomes show that, generally, cultural factors have a significant influence on the purchasing behavior of consumers. “The nature of cultural influences is such that we are seldom aware of them. One feels, behaves, and thinks like the other members of the same culture. It is all pervasive and is present everywhere. Norms are the boundaries that culture sets on the behaviour. Norms are derived from cultural values, which are widely held beliefs that specify what is desirable and what is not” (Lawan & Zanna, 2021). Thus, societal norms were found to hold the most significant impact. They were followed by economic factors, which were pegged to the pricing of the apparel and the level of income of the purchasing entity. Age was a significant factor that influenced buying behavior on the personal aspects. The study then concluded that cultural factors, both when assessed in isolation or assessed alongside the economic and personal characteristics, can significantly influence consumer buying behavior.

The most prominent strength of the research study is its rigorous assessment and examination of the data. The research has relied on questionnaires in isolation to make its analysis. Still, it would have been more conclusive if the data collection methods had been varied.

This research’s result holds significant relevance to contemporary society’s consumer behavior field assessments. The consumer behavior field studies consumers in the way they consume goods and services. For instance, in the apparel industry, consumers of the modern age are more likely to follow trends and fashions that are considered trending and thus relevant to the world. The research is making a compelling contribution to this specific industry regarding enhancing the understanding of consumer behavior, evaluating the research outcomes disclose that societal norms have a significant impact on the purchase. Some societal norms include trends, perceptions, and attitudes relevant to a particular society. That means that for an organization seeking to create impact, for instance, in Borno state in Nigeria where the research was undertaken, such an organization should be mindful of what the society therein thinks or how it generally perceives the specific types of apparel. For instance, some communities are more limiting to females wearing short dresses and short skirts. Dealing with such apparel in the area would lead to a backlash.

 In 2017, an apparel company in Britain known as Jigsaw launched a campaign both online and in its physical stores, known as “Love Immigration.” The campaign sought to celebrate diversity in Britain’s clothing attached to immigration. The argument in the campaign was that immigration had helped generate diverse fashions for Britain. The campaign would have been enhanced further by the findings from this research. The research has concluded that culture-based factors can influence consumers’ buying behavior (Lawan & Zanna, 2021). Based on this, the campaign would have developed by citing the various origins of different fashions. The approach would probably attract more specific members of the mentioned cultures to make purchases in line with their cultures to conform and identify themselves with their cultures.

Article 7: Impact of influencers in the consumer decision process: the fashion industry. 

Sudha & Sheena (2017), through the SCMS Journal of Indian Management, research the impact of influencers in the consumer decision process in the fashion industry. The duo is qualified to undertake the study considering Sudha M. is a probationary officer in the Federal Bank in India. Dr. Sheena K. is an assistant Professor in SCMS-COCHIN in the School of Business in Cochin. The purpose of the research is to undertake exploration and review of past research on the fashion industry by establishing the influencing factors that affect the consumer behavior of this industry. The researchers present three hypotheses: brands’ levels of influence through their various online platforms differ from one decision-making level to the next. They also hypothesize that influencers of the purchasing process are also differentiated. That age is a crucial factor of influence to consumers and thus the consumer decision-making process.

The research employed an exploratory research design with the primary aim of developing more insights into the topic. Questionnaires were, however, given to 200 women using the critical and snow bowling approach. Both primary and secondary data were used for this study. Primary data was obtained from the questionnaires administered, while secondary data was obtained from online and offline sources. The data was analyzed through the chi-square test, cross tabs, and the Anova analysis, which necessitated the use of EXCEL and SPSS.

Findings from the study show of all the respondents, 30.5% of them belong to the age bracket of 20 and 25 years. 55% of them were single respondents meaning they were not married. 48% were students, but 40% of the respondents made apparel purchases at least once a month. 77% disclosed that their investments were inspired by fashion. Social media influence was also found to directly impact the purchasing behavior of the young and youthful population. Blogs and celebrities were the most prominent social media entities that presented this influence. “Fashion blogs have grown to be one of the most effective ways of sharing experiences and recommendations over the internet and they are an effective way of marketing products straight to the target customer with low cost” (Sudha & Sheena, 2017).

The study’s greatest strength is its cross-examination of primary and secondary data and its use and reliance on various analysis tools. The research has, however, contextualized participants from India alone.

Modern consumer behavior studies have realized the impeccable ways that online and social media platforms have changed consumer behavior. Unlike in the past, where consumer behavior was more defined and predictable, contemporary society has presented a rather complex approach to a conclusive understanding of their behavior. For this reason, agencies and organizations place significant reliance on research. The research by Sudha & Sheena (2017) has determined that social media and online media influence, in general, has a substantial impact on consumer behavior. Therefore, the research argues that an organization’s effort towards its online media space can influence how consumers purchase or decline to purchase from the relative body. Thus, the research is highly relevant in studying consumer behavior in the modern-day because modern-day demographics have a high social media presence, and they spend quality time in their online spaces seeking information.

One of the marketing campaigns that have a strong correlation with the results of this study is the “Better for It” campaign by Nike, which was undertaken in 2015. In the campaign, Nike sought to compel and convince women as their target audience to believe that engaging in sporting activities positively affected their self-esteem. The company was targeting to increase sales of its sportswear products for women. The company then sponsored various blogs and influencers to initiate and push the campaign on social media. The campaign was a huge success. This research can explain the impact and success of the campaign. The study discloses the immense opportunities companies have using the online platform to influence consumer behavior, especially in the fashion industry. Still, it also reveals that the youthful population is more open to being influenced through these digital spaces. Therefore, Nike’s success in the campaign is courtesy of the high number of young people affected by blogs, celebrities, and social media discussions. They read about the campaign and were convinced thus the high impact.

Article 8: Consumer attitudes and communication in a circular fashion. 

Vehmas et al. (2018) published a research study in the Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management titled “consumer attitudes and communication in a circular fashion.” The article was published on January 10, 2018. The authors and research assistants are industry leaders in academia and actual practice in Finland. They note that circular clothing is an emerging trend in fashion necessitated by the global calls to uphold and ensure sustainability in the manufacturing and processing sectors. The research sought to examine the consumers’ views and examine what they expect regarding circular clothing in an in-depth way. The paper also sought to assess what consumers think is the best way to communicate how to attain remanufacturing of their clothing.

The study takes a qualitative research approach relying on primary data obtained through interviews undertaken using an online platform. The researchers also relied on an innovation platform aided by technology, thirdly on workshops insights and associate keyholders who are relevant and passionate about the subject. Five interviews were completed focusing on Finnish consumers. Fifty participants were sourced and assessed using the Owela innovation platform. The internal worship involved 5 to 10partners, while the external workshop brought together 18 participants.

Key outcomes from the assessment indicate that more consumers believe that circular clothing is positive. That means that they are more open to making purchases of clothes that have labels and other information at the point of sale that supports circular clothing. On the communication of circular clothing, participants disclosed that they would love dresses that had this information more openly labeled and conveyed in multi-channeled ways. Therefore, information on the possibility of circular clothing can be a factor that influences apparel shopping considering the transition to sustainable practices.

The study is limited to Finland, necessitating further study in other contexts to increase its strengths. It is, however, vital considering it uses new data obtained from multi-primary sources.

Sustainability and environmental conservation have taken center stage in international discussions of modern times. Industries and global companies are now restructuring their practices to correspond with the calls to ensure safe practices and sustainability. In the clothing and apparel sector, this has been a consideration with consumers becoming more mindful and considerate with agencies and companies that generate apparels that can be circulated. However, considering this is a new practice in this sector, there hasn’t been a consensus on whether consumers consider purchasing clothing that can be recycled or not. Also, the ways of communicating with the consumers about the nature of these apparels, whether recyclable or not, have not been straightforward. The research, however, provides a significant contribution to this discussion considering it engages consumers at a personal level on whether circular clothing is part of what they look for when they shop for apparel or not and whether the way the information on circular clothes is passed to them is satisfactory or they would expect more to be done to enhance this communication.

Hermes is an apparel company. Recently, the company rolled a campaign dubbed “House of Scarves.” The campaign’s goal was to demonstrate to its consumers the rich selection of scarves it produced and, in the process, convince them to make purchases of these scarves. The campaign focused on taking the consumers through a comprehensive path of illustrating the artistry behind the scarves. The research by Vehmas et al. (2018) indicates that consumers are more open to circular clothing and would rather have the information on the possibility of circulating through recycling their clothing communicated to them more openly than covertly, as is the case. The insight would have been supportive to this campaign because then, Hermes would have taken advantage of the campaign to communicate the possibility of recycling the scarves being marketed through the campaigning. If the scarves had not adopted this trend of being circulatory, then it would have been an opportunity to do this and get ahead of the competitors because this factor alone would lead to rewarding differentiation.

Article 9: You are what you wear: examining the multidimensionality of religiosity and its influence on attitudes and intention to buy Muslim fashion clothing.

Aruan & Wirdania (2020), through the Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, published an article on January 17, 2020, titled, “You are what you wear: examining the multidimensionality of religiosity and its influence on attitudes and intention to buy Muslim fashion clothing.” The two authors are from the Faculty of Economics and Business in Universitas Indonesia in Depok, Indonesia. Their position and experience in the scholarly world make the insights they present in the research relevant and credible. The purpose of the study was to determine how religion affects the decision-making process to purchase Muslim apparel. The study also seeks to determine whether the religion of the purchasing entity affects the type of clothes that the consumers settle on when making relative purchases. The research area was Indonesia because it is the most Muslim-populated country globally. The research used Muslim women who wear Muslim clothes. The study presents six hypotheses: 1) the individual’s religion will positively influence the emotions and attitudes towards purchasing Muslim garments. 2) religion positively influences the purchaser’s attitudes on self-presentation. 3) religion will positively affect intention to purchase. The other two are derivatives of these three. The research takes a descriptive approach of research with cross-sectional data collection methods.

Surveys questions were prepared and shared with identified respondents. Three hundred seventy-nine participants were used for the study, all of whom were Muslims. The analysis of the data was done through the structural equation approach. The general outcome is in line with the research hypotheses that religion, in this case, Islamic religion had a significant impact on the attitudes, self-presentation, and eventual purchase of Muslim clothing.

A total of 379 women were incorporated in this study. The general outcomes establish a compelling and robust connection between the impact of religion on a population group and the consequent effect on the believers’ attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions. These attitudes affect the consumer decisions on whether to purchase the apparel or not. 

The research is limited to Indonesia, but it is strong enough because of its use of primary data. Therefore, it can be enhanced further by diversifying the research in different setups and different religious orientations. Still, in so doing, the study should rely on primary data because of the high-quality outcomes it yields. 

Most consumer behavior studies have focused on contemporary society based on classicism and modernism. Still, little researches have taken the trajectory of assessing how one’s religion affects the relative individual’s consumer behavior. “Religion in consumer behavior studies is not given the significance and value it deserves. Scholars assert that religion and consumption, to some extent, are inseparable, and may determine morality that regulates consumption behavior on what to eat, what to wear and other aspects of lifestyle and identity” (Aruan & Wirdania, 2020). Instead of being assessed in isolation, simple mentions imply that it does not hold any significant influence after all. The consistent disregard of religion as an influencing factor has led some populations, incredibly religiously rich, to remain complex in assessing their consumer purchasing behavior. The research takes a significant step towards putting an end to this gap in research by focusing on a single religion and how the religion affects the members who subscribe to it to make purchases of the religious and nonreligious wears. The study argues that religion, the Islamic religion, has a critical influence on the attitudes and perceptions of Islamic-dominated Indonesia, which influence purchases. It is a vital starting point towards a new trajectory of research that is more open to considering religion as a critical influencer of purchases.

H&M has emerged to be a company that advocates for sustainable fashion. The company undertook to establish its influence and expand its impact through the “Close the Loop” audiovisual advertising campaign run on its social media platforms and shared by the influencers. The company used two female figures, one of a plus-size and a Muslim, in the advert. Many individuals who lauded the campaign cited its openness to encouraging diverse groups to uphold sustainable fashion. But in the context of this research, the campaign is highly relevant to the study because the investigation has determined that religion impacts consumer behavior and consumer decisions. Using a Muslim character to pass their message across enhances their chances of appealing to Muslim audiences.

Article 10: Premium versus affordable clothing retailers: customer expectations for satisfaction and repurchase intentions?

Cunningham & De Meyer-Heydenrych (2021), in “Premium versus affordable clothing retailers: what are customer expectations for satisfaction and repurchase intentions?” seek to determine whether the expectations of customers are varied according to the various retailers and establish the kind of expectations that customers have when making purchases from retailers. The research uses a quantitative research design approach and employs a non-probability sampling method. The article was published in the International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management on June 8, 2021.

In the study, 222 questionnaires were administered. The data obtained were assessed using descriptive statistics. Also, further analysis was undertaken using factor analysis, equation modeling, and multigroup analysis.

The outcomes realized indicate that customers expect retailers are dealing in affordable clothing to a convenient experience and ensure that the customers’ shopping experience is positive. On the other hand, customers making purchases from premium apparel retailers are expected to be provided with value-addition and convenience of completing the relative purchases. In both retailing dimensions, however, having other customers interested in the same product was a motivating factor. Both affordable retailers and premium retailers were expected to ensure customers were satisfied. Jain and Bagdare (2009) refer to “these supplementary services as “value-added services” that enhance the experience of the consumer in the retail environment. In the retail context, retailers should offer additional services such as employees’ personal attention and expertise, in-store tailoring services and refreshments” (as cited in Cunningham & Meyer-Heydenrych, 2021). Through satisfaction in experience or satisfaction as perceived by prospective clients, it is a crucial determiner of chances of a customer making first time and subsequent purchases. The consistency of these customer expectations led to the formulation of customer loyalty.

While the research is compelling in the way it categorizes clothing retailers as dealing in either affordable clothing or premium clothing, which is a new approach, having both approaches in a single article limits the exhaustion of either of them. Future researchers taking the process would be more conclusive by researching these retailers in isolation.

Consumer satisfaction is usually the end target of every consumer behavior study. However, the nature of the modern market is complex, and it often poses challenges when seeking to gratify these markets. Of the many dimensions that studies have taken to assess how to ensure best that needs of different types are wholly satisfied with the various products and services, there hasn’t been proper and conclusive categorization of the consumer based on the nature of products they purchase, whether they are buying affordable or premium products. It is probably because of the complex nature of consumer behavior. A consumer would be considered a premium consumer the first time they make a purchase but later change to be an affordable consumer the next time. There are the affluent consumers whose purchase patterns have not changed for a long time, and there is the middle- and low-class consumers whose purchasing patterns have not changed for a long time. The conventional studies placing the two at the same level have most definitely been unfair because satisfying a premium consumer is probably different from helping an affordable consumer. The research by Cunningham & De Meyer-Heydenrych (2021) provides a solid ground for having a differentiating approach to gratifying these two categories of consumers.

Swoon for Monsoon is a campaign that integrated multiple visual elements to sell fashion apparel. In the campaign, the company diversified its content in multiple forms, including in magazines, to reach a high market base. The campaign holds significant relevance with this research because it explains the need to classify consumers according to their spending behavior to gratify their needs wholly instead of generalizing them. Monsoon in the campaign, by diversifying the content and directing it to different perspectives, takes this approach because the content that was directed to the high class differed from that directed at the middle class and the low class.

Conclusion

Selected articles show that gender plays a crucial role in consumer behavior. The results of the first article show that women buy clothes more often than men. Moreover, women pay more attention to fashion and men pay more attention to the brand name. Happily, or sadly, most countries and nations are divided into social classes. People from similar social classes have similar needs and desires. They tend to behave and take similar decisions. The main elements of social classes are education, wealth, and occupation. The third article states that self-control, preference for credit, a propensity to plan, age, life cycle, education level, income level, mental budget, and financial management play crucial roles in consumer decision making. Moreover, it argues that people with higher income spend more on expensive unessential goods compared to not-expensive essentials. Another crucial influencer aspect is religion. Analyzed articles show that Christianity has a significant positive correlation with quality, style, and price in the fashion industry. In other words, Christians tend to buy high-quality products but at a discount or a lower price. The study states that more committed Christians pay more attention to price and look for the cheapest option. Country of origin impacts our consumer behavior as well. The article showed that China is the most collectivist country compared to USA and UK. Chinese people worry the most about functionality in sustainable apparel. American and English people pay more attention to brands compared to Chinese people.

These articles are very useful for people and companies who plan to enter the fashion industry in a new country, culture, or produce products for another gender. For example, these companies will understand that for Chinese people, quality is more important than a brand name. What is most valuable for Christian people; how people spend money according to the average income in their country. Companies can apply this knowledge in practical implications and offer consumers products according to their incomes. Moreover, businesses can use this research to evaluate potential countries where people have enough income to buy their products and services.

Besides, looking at the socio-cultural factors that influence consumers’ clothing purchasing behavior, it was found that consumers’ clothes need recognition were mostly influenced by income and the society (opinion leaders, gate keepers, friends, family,) served as the main awareness window through which information and knowledge about clothes are obtained. Further, people rely heavily on opinion leaders in society for information about new products, even after exposure to advertising. The results of the study show that blogs can have a significant impact on the behavior of young women after reading a positive comment about a purchase, because they not only like the fact that they can express their opinion about a product and get a source of information, but also that they like reading the texts of those with whom they are associated. Moreover, positive attitudes toward circular clothing have been found. Circular clothing is perceived mostly as new, and in that sense, those who would not wear used clothing are happy to buy circular clothing. In addition, investigating marketing and consumer behavior in Indonesia, where the market is concentrated among Muslims, a correlation between religion and consumer behavior has been established. Researchers suggest that the desire to buy Muslim clothing is influenced by one’s level of faith; specifically, the degree to which one understands and believes in the teachings of the religion. Therefore, marketers can associate promotions and campaigns with things that can affirm confidence and knowledge of one’s faith. Furthermore, conducting a literature review revealed that customers shopping at different types of retail stores have different levels of consumer experience. Customers who purchase clothing at affordable retail stores seek a functional experience and demand convenience, while customers who purchase clothing at premium retail stores expect an enhanced experience with more added value.

References

Ahmed, M. E., Samad, N., & Khan, M. M., (2016). Income, Social Class and Consumer Behavior a Focus on Developing Nations. International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research. 14(10), 6679-6702., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3648141

Aruan, D. T. H., & Wirdania, I. (2020). You are what you wear: examining the multidimensionality of religiosity and its influence on attitudes and intention to buy Muslim fashion clothing. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Daniel-Aruan/publication/340461980_You_are_what_you_wear_examining_the_multidimensionality_of_religiosity_and_its_influence_on_attitudes_and_intention_to_buy_Muslim_fashion_clothing/links/5ea01479299bf13079b20a90/You-are-what-you-wear-examining-the-multidimensionality-of-religiosity-and-its-influence-on-attitudes-and-intention-to-buy-Muslim-fashion-clothing.pdf

Cunningham, N., & De Meyer-Heydenrych, C. (2021). Premium versus affordable clothing retailers: what are customer expectations for satisfaction and repurchase intentions?. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJRDM-07-2020-0265/full/html

Davis, Lizhu. (2014). Effects of religiosity on apparel shopping orientation: An exploratory study. International Journal of Business Anthropology. 5. 24-36.

Durmaz, Yakup & Tasdemir, Ahmet. (2014). A Theoretical Approach to the Influence of Social Class on Consumer Behavior. 3. 187- 191.

Jung, H.J.; Oh, K.W.; Kim, H.M. (2021). Country Differences in Determinants of Behavioral Intention towards Sustainable Apparel Products. Sustainability 2021, 13, 558. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020558

Koca, E., & Koc, F. (2016). A Study of Clothing Purchasing Behavior By Gender with Respect to Fashion and Brand Awareness. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 12(7), 234. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n7p234

Lawan, L. A., & Zanna, R. (2021). Evaluation of socio-cultural factors influencing consumer buying behaviour of clothes in Borno State, Nigeria. International Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 1(3), 519-529. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.416.4967&rep=rep1&type=pdf#page=64

Sudha, M., & Sheena, K. (2017). Impact of influencers in the consumer decision process: the fashion industry. SCMS Journal of Indian Management, 14(3), 14-30. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1469/eccb29f76b24e85cba8b6b60adf5ab4932d8.pdfm

Vehmas, K., Raudaskoski, A., Heikkilä, P., Harlin, A., & Mensonen, A. (2018). Consumer attitudes and communication in a circular fashion. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal.[supanova_question]

Value: 25% Answer ONE of the following essay questions on the final

Value: 25%

 

Answer ONE of the following essay questions on the final exam that can be accessed via the “quizzes” function on the class D2L site. Your answer must be in essay format, i.e. an introductory paragraph, several main paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph. The best answers will make specific reference to lecture materials, class readings and/or other scholarly sources, and will combine factual narrative with historical analysis.

The following are the actual question choices that will appear on the Final Exam:

1. Should appeasement be considered a British foreign policy failure or a British propaganda victory? Please provide historical evidence to back up your arguments.

2. Discuss the role of propaganda in the Battle of Britain and how it informs the analytical framework of the “Many and the Few.”

3. Discuss the extent to which propaganda factored into the decision-making processes of Japan and America during the Pacific War.

4. Assess the propaganda implications of the Anglo-Canadian strategic bombing campaign.

5. To what extent was propaganda responsible for generating complicity and acquiescence among “ordinary” Germans during the time of the Holocaust and related Nazi atrocities?

6. Is it a positive development that “Rosie the Riveter” has become a symbol of female empowerment? Or, does such celebration obscure the historical origins of this propaganda campaign and reduce feminism to a kind of “working class drag” that is not representative of women’s lived reality in the present day?

7. Discuss the use of nuclear weapons as propaganda tools during the Cold War.

8. Assess the role that fear (and its manipulation) played in Cold War propaganda.

9. Discuss the myth and the reality of “Vietnam Syndrome” as well as the way it conditioned propaganda in the decades after the Vietnam War.

10. What factor ultimately proved more significant in bringing about the end of the Soviet Union: American military might, or American propaganda?   

11. Was Saddam Hussein really “Hitler revisited,” or was he a mess from the Cold War that the US attempted to clean up with the help of propaganda? Please provide historical evidence for your arguments and clearly state why your conclusions are significant.  

12. What historical factors account for the rise of conspiracy culture since the 1990s, and why is this significant in terms of the history of propaganda?

 13. Many people outside of America find it self-evident that the 9/11 attacks were a direct consequence of US foreign policy. However, many people within America subscribe to the notion that “they hate us because of our freedoms.” Discuss how and why propaganda was used to bolster or discredit each of these claims.

14. Discuss some of the propaganda issues surrounding the American use of drone strikes during the “Global War on Terror.”

15. Analyze the historical significance of propaganda in terms of generating support for the Bush administration’s decision to attack Iraq in 2003.

 16. Are propaganda and democracy compatible?

17. What effect has twenty-first century communication technology had on propaganda? Will technology potentially change propaganda in some fundamental sense in the future, or is propaganda “timeless” to some extent?

Sources

Keep in mind that because the final exam asks you to produce a persuasive essay answer to a question – much like an in-person exam would do – you are not strictly required to use any sources at all. However, having a working knowledge of the history and historiography and scholarship behind the question that you choose to pursue will almost certainly enhance the effectiveness of your answer, and of course you are welcome to cite/quote from relevant sources as much as you like. Please keep in mind that the quality and relevance of any sources employed will be taken into account in the grading of your exam answer. In addition to any relevant course readings, you may find one or more of the sources below helpful:

 

Question 1 – Propaganda and Appeasement:

W. Murray, “The War of 1938”

 

Question 2 – Propaganda and “the Many and the Few” Mythology:

R. Overy, “The Many and the Few”

 

Question 3 – Propaganda in the Pacific War:

S. Masaharu and B. Kushner, “Negro Propaganda Operations”

N. Shibusawa, “Tokyo Rose”

W. Swan “The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere”

 

Question 4 – Propaganda and Strategic Bombing during the Second World War:

R. Bothwell, R. Hansen, M. MacMillan, “Anglo-Canadian Bombing Campaign”

 

Question 5 – Propaganda and German complicity in the Holocaust:

V. Barnett, “Germans and the Holocaust”

 

J. Herf, “The Jewish Enemy”

 

G. Aly, “Why the Germans, Why the Jews?”

 

G. Aly, “Hitler’s Beneficiaries”

 

Question 6 – Propaganda and “Rosie the Riveter”:

R. Winson, “Sorry Beyoncé, Rosie the Riveter is no feminist icon. Here’s why”

 

Question 7 and 8 – Propaganda, Nuclear Weapons and the Cold War:

O. Eaton, “Nuclear Anxiety”

 

Question 9 – Propaganda and the Vietnam War

A. Huebner, “Re-thinking Press Coverage of the Vietnam War”

R. Young, “The “Real Victims” of the Vietnam War”

 

Question 10 – Propaganda and the Collapse of the Soviet Union:

T. Secker, “The Soviet-Afghan War in Fiction”

B. Nietzel “Propaganda and the Cold War”

T. Shaw/D. Youngblood, “The Cold War and Sports”

S. Takacs, “The US Military as Cold War Programmer”

 

Question 11 – Propaganda and the Gulf War:

J. Darda, “Vietnam Syndrome, the Nayirah Testimony and the Gulf War” 

 

Question 12 – Propaganda and Conspiracy Culture:

K. Olmstead, “The Truth is Out There”

C. Eisenstein, “The Conspiracy Myth”

 

Question 13 – Propaganda and 9/11:

J. O’Brien, “The Contested Meaning of 9/11”

 

Question 14 – Propaganda and Drone Strikes:

M. Smith, J. Walsh, “Do Drone Strikes Degrade Al Qaeda?”

 

Question 15 – Propaganda and “Operation Iraqi Freedom”

D. Zarefsky, “Making the Case for War: Colin Powell at the United Nations”

 

Questions 16/17 – The Future of Propaganda:

Z. Beauchamp, “Social Media is Rotting Democracy From Within”

S. Illing, “Flood the Zone with Shit”[supanova_question]

TIPOS DE CONOCIMIENTO CLASIFICACIÓN DE LA CIENCIA: MÉTODO CIENTÍFICO PARADIGMA Por otro

TIPOS DE CONOCIMIENTO

CLASIFICACIÓN DE LA CIENCIA: MÉTODO CIENTÍFICO

PARADIGMA

Por otro lado también podemos presenciar el término ”Paradigma” el cual es fundamental para que el individuo pueda diligenciar en su entorno. Dicho término surge con el físico y filósofo norteamericano de la ciencia Thomas S. Kuhn (1922-1996) Para expresarse ante aquellas victorias del conocimiento científico; unido a esto se le define como un conjunto de teorías que tiene como desempeño obtener un modelo a seguir para solventar dificultades que se planteen. Para quienes se interesen en los asuntos propios de la ciencia así de como la revisión del proceso de evolución histórica del término paradigma es posible clasificarlos en tres edades comprendidas como lo indican ‘’La edad de aparición’’ correspondiente al momento en que nace el concepto, rastreando su etimología. ‘’La edad de reactivación’’ dado a la inserción del concepto al sistema y entorno, a partir del momento cuando, desde estos contextos filosófico y lingüístico, el término pasa a ser utilizado en el ámbito sociológico, por ultimo “la edad de recurrencia” tercera etapa en la evolución histórica del término, podría ser ubicada al comienzo de la década de los años sesenta, gracias a la obra de T. S. Kuhn.

TIPOS DE PARADIGMAS

Socio-crítico: Este tipo de paradigma pretende cambiar el conservadurismo y reduccionismo impregnado. Es a partir de éste que se admite que la ciencia social puede no ser integralmente empírica, e incorpora la crítica en la formación del conocimiento.

• Analítico: Este tipo de paradigma se enfoca en la experimentación y en el uso de la lógica para la formación de un modelo de investigación científica. Es empleado comúnmente en las ciencias sociales y naturales.

• Paradigma de investigación: Este tipo de paradigma posee un respaldo obtenido de la filosofía. Cuando se propone un tema de investigación se debe determinar en teoría cual podrá ser el resultado final o a partir de qué proceso se obtendrá.

• Interpretativo: También denominado paradigma cualitativo o naturista. Se enfoca en la investigación y creación de un modelo dentro del ámbito de las relaciones humanas o de las acciones propias de los individuos.

• Contextual: Este tipo forma modelos a partir de investigaciones enfocadas en las diferentes etnias. Mediante la interpretación y el estudio permite ver cuál es la adaptación de los seres humanos al medio en el que habitan, logrando reconocer cuales son las posibles mejoras en cuanto a la utilización de recursos naturales.

• Cuantitativo: También denominado paradigma empírico o científico. En este caso la investigación es empleada para la formación de un modelo enfocado hacía el descubrimiento de teorías sobre la formación del mundo y sus inicios.

• Positivista: Este tipo se enfoca en los estudios realizados a partir de sucesos o situaciones que son percibidas por los sentidos. Luego de dicha percepción deben ser verificados y cualificados para determinar las causas reales de los sucesos antes percibidos.

INVESTIGACIÓN

Por último el concepto de investigación se acepta como una ejecución social que tiene como desempeño encontrar una solución a incógnitas de las epistemologías. Puede atender como proceso al ser realizado de manera constante por diferentes pasos y situaciones, creando un método. La investigación puede surgir de intereses grupales, individuales, colectivos, profesionales e institucionales para poder resolver con precisión las problemáticas que se le exponen al individuo. De esta forma, se vale acotar como proceso de construcción, renovación, adaptación y validación de las cogniciones, bajo el contexto económico, social, político y cultural de las comunidades. Podemos reconocer principales características para la facilitación de reconocimiento de dicho tema como pueden ser tener responsabilidad social frente al intelecto fructificado y cargo de conciencia frente a la cualidad de edificación de la facultad; Debe ser eje articulador de los procesos de formación profesional, engranando la docencia y la proyección social; Debe estructurarse a través de líneas de investigación existentes, que permita la construcción de conocimiento continuo y sistemático en relación con objetos de estudios particulares que retroalimenten las comunidades académicas existentes; Debe ser de carácter de sistemática de tal manera que permita articular y retroalimentar el conocimiento teórico existente y a la vez sea retroalimentada por las comunidades académicas.[supanova_question]

Technology and Images Lesson Overview The role of technology and images in

Technology and Images

Lesson Overview

The role of technology and images in today’s world is unprecedented. In this final examination of a history of images, our assessment of our relationship to technology will be primary. After presenting two leading theories on the role of technology in our daily lives and in the evolving history of human beings, we will be in a position to analyze how we relate to computers, “smart phones,” and tablets and how the internet and social media sites have begun to fundamentally alter human relationships. Our investigation should make it possible to assess the extent that we are involved (too involved?) with the technology of images, most especially the ones that concern ourselves. We are no longer simply studying the images as they existed in art, photography, advertisements, or even in movies and television. Rather, we will consider how the images we are continually looking at are altering the very nature of what it is to be human.

Shutterstock.com

Learning Outcomes

The learning outcomes for this lesson are:

Define what Heidegger means by a “world picture”

Explain how the invention of technology involves subjection

Evaluate how technologies are “extensions of ourselves”

Analyze how the medium is the message

Relate the “scratch” to the “itch”

Illustrate McLuhan’s concept of auto-amputation with a contemporary example

Main Topics

Martin Heidegger

Marshall McLuhan

The Medium is the Message

The Gadget Lover

Martin Heidegger

In “The Age of the World Picture,” Heidegger presents us with a broad explanation of what he believes to be essential to the modern world and our age—that is, science and technology. Through science, we have understood the fundamental nature of the physical world. Technology, however, has been made and created to supplement the natural world and to establish the primacy of the human world. The creation of such a world has resulted in a world-view, or world picture. What does Heidegger mean by this point? Is this world-view simply the conception we have of the world, an understanding through our reason?

Our expression “I get the picture” reveals how we understand. It means we are situated before something (in front of) so as to see and understand it. For Heidegger, this positionality also means being involved with the thing, or acquainted with it. In setting ourselves before something, we see and acknowledge and have a relationship with it. We also become conscious of ourselves and recognize who we are by the relationships we have in the world; these relationships can be with people, of course, but also with objects, things, and, increasingly in our age, with technological things—what McLuhan calls “gadgets.” Our earliest technologies (for example, the wheel) revealed a human drive to make a world that would attempt, as far as possible, to overcome natural barriers. A bridge did not simply imply a means of crossing a river; it meant human beings recognized their capacity for overcoming natural obstacles. Nature could be conquered with a bridge or, even more decisively, with a dam.

There are consequences to our inventions, however. For Heidegger, we become increasingly subjected to them. The objects we relate to are not simply outside us as something to use or manipulate. In and through the necessary relationship with technology, we are also influenced and changed, individually and socially. We may have understood the world by creating an image of it, a world-view, but increasingly (as McLuhan tells us with concrete examples) what Heidegger understood as human subjection becomes, at this point in history, something perhaps more urgent and ultimately threatening.

Marshall McLuhan

With the publication of Understanding Media, Marshall McLuhan quickly become recognized as a leading figure whose many insights provided a glimpse into the transformation of culture—beginning with his sense that the printed word no longer had the primacy it had enjoyed since the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg. Published in 1964 and immediately hailed as “prophetic,” McLuhan’s book seems to be even more relevant today, insofar as it allows us to reflect on our contemporary situation, most especially our relationship with technologies and their images—computers, cell-phones, tablets. If we take seriously one of McLuhan’s famous dictums—“we are what we behold”—then as viewers and spectators of images on our devices the experience contributes to who we are, and who we believe we are, or want to be.

McLuhan’s insights are important today in allowing us to better understand how the images of visual technologies are, in effect, re-making the meaning of the human. What McLuhan calls the “mass media,” for example, does not refer to the size of the audience; rather, he means it in terms of simultaneous involvement. It is “mass” by virtue of the size of the inter-connection. Our human extension in and through technologies of the image have a result—what McLuhan calls “numbness.” Each extension of ourselves in technologies, he believes, brings about a numbness in individuals and in society. It is the implications of this numbness (and worse) that McLuhan analyzes throughout his book and, in particular, in two decisive essays in Understanding Media.

Visual Literacy Builder

One of the newest areas of emerging technology affects human perception in a more literal sense. Augmented reality devices are any technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user’s view of the real world, thus providing a composite view. The ill-fated Google Glass was one of the early attempts to make augmented reality part of our daily lives.

Marshall McLuhan

With the publication of Understanding Media, Marshall McLuhan quickly become recognized as a leading figure whose many insights provided a glimpse into the transformation of culture—beginning with his sense that the printed word no longer had the primacy it had enjoyed since the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg. Published in 1964 and immediately hailed as “prophetic,” McLuhan’s book seems to be even more relevant today, insofar as it allows us to reflect on our contemporary situation, most especially our relationship with technologies and their images—computers, cell-phones, tablets. If we take seriously one of McLuhan’s famous dictums—“we are what we behold”—then as viewers and spectators of images on our devices the experience contributes to who we are, and who we believe we are, or want to be.

McLuhan’s insights are important today in allowing us to better understand how the images of visual technologies are, in effect, re-making the meaning of the human. What McLuhan calls the “mass media,” for example, does not refer to the size of the audience; rather, he means it in terms of simultaneous involvement. It is “mass” by virtue of the size of the inter-connection. Our human extension in and through technologies of the image have a result—what McLuhan calls “numbness.” Each extension of ourselves in technologies, he believes, brings about a numbness in individuals and in society. It is the implications of this numbness (and worse) that McLuhan analyzes throughout his book and, in particular, in two decisive essays in Understanding Media.

Visual Literacy Builder

One of the newest areas of emerging technology affects human perception in a more literal sense. Augmented reality devices are any technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user’s view of the real world, thus providing a composite view. The ill-fated Google Glass was one of the early attempts to make augmented reality part of our daily lives.

Narcissus looking at his own reflection

In modern thought, it is believed that wisdom or intelligence “describes the scratch but not the itch.” Indeed, the origin of the “itch” is not at all noticed. McLuhan might ask us a question: why the compulsion to pick up and stare at your cell phone? That’s the scratch. What is most important now is to describe the itch, or to understand its origin. In a statement that could certainly be used to describe the compulsive attention to cell phones, one notices in some users “the true Narcissus style of one hypnotized by the amputation and extension of his own being in a new technical form (McLuhan, 1994, p. 11).” The reference to Narcissus is especially appropriate: in the ancient Greek myth, Narcissus fell in love with the reflected image of himself in the water and finally fell in and drowned.

McLuhan’s analogies are many. He describes himself as someone like Louis Pasteur who tried to tell doctors that what made many people sick was invisible. No one can see germs, bacteria or viruses, but no one (now) would argue they aren’t real. Like Pasteur, McLuhan looks for what is invisible as a way of identifying the “itch” that precedes the “scratch.” For us today, the situation has become even worse than when McLuhan wrote his book because it is becoming more and more difficult to see what new technologies like Facebook are really about because its images (especially of ourselves) are constantly being looked at. Although difficult, it is not impossible. McLuhan is not pessimistic: he believes artists are especially able to confront the effects of technology because of their awareness of changes in sense perception. Stated simply, it is not enough to see. One has to become aware, to develop one’s perception to the point of recognizing how images are used and to what overall purpose.

Drawing titled Narcissus, Father of the Selfie

By alluding to the myth of Narcissus as a vehicle for analyzing the human relationship to technology and its images, McLuhan emphasizes technology’s relationship to narcosis—that is, a state of being numb, of not really being able to feel. As McLuhan notes in relation to the fate of Narcissus, “the point of this myth is the fact that men at once become fascinated by any extension of themselves in any material other than themselves” (McLuhan, 1994, p. 41). Historically, people who had the means hired artists to paint their portraits. Photographers did the same thing. Today, however, anyone can see themselves, and have the ability both to be the photographer and the one who poses. Think of “the selfie.” Again, McLuhan envisaged such a situation and described how all extensions of ourselves result in numbness. In part commenting on medical research, he discussed how disturbances (what he calls “irritation”) to the central nervous system result in the attempt to find equilibrium or an absence from the feeling. Numbness is therefore experienced as a relief. His concept of auto-amputation further contributes to his analysis; if we cut ourselves off from the self (if we feel numb), such condition is felt to be a source of pleasure.

Visual Literacy Builder

In this famous dual self-portrait, Mexican artist Frieda Kahlo depicts two different versions of herself, exploring issues of identify, mixed heritage, and heartbreak (the image was completed shortly after her divorce from fellow artist Diego Rivera).

What stands out to you about the ways that Kahlo depicts herself in this portrait?

What similarities and differences do you notice when you compare Kahlo’s portrait to those of Vincent Van Gogh?

How does this type of representation compare to modern ‘selfies.’ How do modern self-portraits allow us to explore different identities?

Unfortunately, one of the consequences of this system is that “self-amputation forbids self-recognition.” Instead of self-recognition, there are a number of substitutes: intoxicants, sports, entertainment. McLuhan often refers to the organism—the human as embodied and with a central nervous system—to highlight how it can no longer cope with the impressions caused by external factors. He ultimately offers a psychological diagnosis: today, the increasing levels of anxiety are directly attributable to our exposure to technology. In fact, McLuhan defines the modern age as “the age of anxiety.” There may be one solution: the integration of technology into the human body. That may well be the sense McLuhan understands from his reading of Psalm 115. Those who make idols will in turn become idols themselves.[supanova_question]

The focus of this week’s course content is effective treatment measures for

The focus of this week’s course content is effective treatment measures for addictions. We have learned this term about co-occurring disorders. You will be presenting as an addiction’s counselor to a treatment group. Once this week’s discussion is completed, we will all have a great toolbox full of topics, resources, presentations, and activities for actual treatment groups, as well as actual interaction as a group, discussions for your chosen topic, and peer feedback to strengthen our presentations.

Step 1

Watch the Practice Demonstration: Groups for Clients with Co-Occurring Disorders and Group Counseling Common Mistakes videos in the Learn section of Module 7: Week 7.

Step 2

Using the Case Scenario’s and discussions from Weeks 2, 4, and 6, we will develop video presentations for a co-occurring group. Upon completion, you should have (1) a presentation you can use once practicing as an addiction’s counselor, (2) a group topic and plan that can be implemented as an addiction’s counselor, and (3) experience selecting a topic, researching, developing, designing, and presenting to an addiction treatment focused-group topic. The following outlines the requirements for the presentation:

A.  Presentation Format:

May be in any compatible format for Microsoft Word AND Mac (all group members must be able to access and view the presentation successfully).

Formats include but are not limited to PowerPoint, Sway, Presi, Keynote, and a video blog.

If using a slide presentation, keep in mind these should adhere to professional guidelines (slides should be minimal in content; avoid writing presentation onto slides and reading from slides, engage the group, include a notes section for the slides, avoid Death by Powerpoint (slide presentations).

Narration is required and including the small window with you “live” is preferred.

Use the slide “Notes” section to present narration, or submit a transcript with your presentation

Length should be 20-25 minutes of narrated content (see format for each slide in table).

B.   Client and Group Description

We will operate on the assumption that the client in the Case Scenario’s has decided to enter inpatient treatment and is motivated to cease alcohol use and abuse. Therefore, he will be placed in an Active Treatment Stage (Dartmouth University, 2009) group for co-occurring disorders of 8-12 members (an estimated number from inpatient treatment groups of the same type).

Your presentation must include the following (when sources* are required, this indicates a need for you to review course materials, discussions, and peer reviewed scholarly research):

Slide Number

Narration Length Guide

 Slide Content

1

15 secs

Introduction Slide

·       Line 1 (main title): Descriptive presentation title in title case lettering (in link see page 2, “Special Considerations for the Paper Title” heading)

·       Line 2 (subtitle): Discussion Week 7

·       Line 3: your name

·       Line 4: Liberty University

2

30 secs

Brief description of client (from Case Scenario’s)

·       presenting problem,

·       client history,

·       biopsychosocial spiritual indicators,

·       developmental

·       family history

3

30 secs

Reason(s) for Inpatient Treatment & Diagnoses

·       In a few words, identify the reason the client (from Case Scenario’s) has entered inpatient treatment

·       Identify diagnostic impression (substance and comorbid disorders) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-V (DSM-V) diagnostic criteria (APA, 2013)

·       Identify criteria met for each diagnosis and include proper APA formatted citation support for choice

4

30 secs

Identify, justify and support your topic choice for the Active Treatment Stage (Dartmouth University, 2009) group for co-occurring disorders. 

Include a minimum of 3 sources* demonstrating appropriateness of selected topic.

5

20 secs

Present outline of group format to group members:

·       Introduce yourself and topic to the group.

·       State why topic is important to recovery and comorbidity

·       Open group for discussion and processing of topic

·       Process Activity.

·       Close group

 

6

30 secs

Discuss and support with 2-3 new sources* (not previously used):

·       Why is this topic appropriate and important?

·       What goal will be achieved in a group setting of recovering addicted individuals with the topic of choice?

·       What are some outcomes and research findings in the research from this topic in treatment settings?

 

7

8-10 mins

Introduce yourself and topic to the group. 

·       The topic should be appropriate, informative, research based (not opinion or personal experience), personable in presentation (imagine you are presenting to a group), creative (use tools such as devotionals, parables, drawings on a white board, group members as visual aids interacting with you, objects you bring to group to demonstrate concepts to members, etc.).

·       Keep in mind the information in the videos for this forum when presenting to the group.

 

8

15 secs

Group discussion and processing. 

·       Since we will be completing this stage in our discussion replies, identify some prompts you would have to help facilitate the group and “get it going”?

·       If you refer to sources* for help, be sure to cite these.

·       Note: you are welcome to reverse Slides 8 and 9 for your presentation.

 

9

5-7 mins

Process Activity. 

In small groups, there are primarily two formats:

(1) discussion and (2) activity/engagement.

This allows you to be creative and use your imagination to help “teach” the group the topic of choice and help it “stick” in their minds and future. 

·       For this slide, you will choose a group activity for your topic choice. You may already have some experience with such activities. Online searches will provide great ideas, as will the resources in this course, previous and current textbooks, professional books you may have on hand, consulting with professionals and peers for their experiences, and more.

·       Please do not “copy” another’s work. If you borrow an idea, please credit the source* (even people if they share ideas).

o   It is acceptable and customary within this field to borrow ideas from other sources.

o   For presentations, and in some groups, we need to offer credit where it is due, the source*.

o   For example, I have used Maslow’s hierarchy in treatment groups because the members relate well to the concept. I often draw the pyramid or have a visual aid of it handy. If verbal, I would say, “this is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs”. (Now I have offered credit verbally in the group).

o   If using a visual aid or handouts, I would include the source in the visual document and would still verbalize the credit for this particular example.

o   For example, “Here is a picture of Maslow’s pyramid, which shows us his research of individual needs based on a hierarchy.”

o   Then I would proceed to explain the hierarchy and encourage personal examples, experiences, thoughts, etc. from the group. 

·       Additional examples of activities might be assignments or written work, arts, crafts, games, timelines, use of prompting cards and recovery games.

·       Keep in mind to focus on therapeutic value rather than 12-Step focus. A colleague from an inpatient treatment center who uses games and activities often, Amy Madrid, LCDC, actually designed the 12-Step Ball and it’s wonderful! However, it does not meet the objectives of a therapeutic group. (Did you notice I gave credit to my colleague? *smile*)   

·       Explain the activity to the group so that it can be performed accurately and successfully by each of us in this discussion. 

·       If any materials are needed, be sure to include this information.

 

10

30 secs

Process Activity Objectives and Goals. 

On this slide, list the objectives, goals, and desired outcomes for the activity.

·       What do you hope to accomplish within the group through the activity and topic?

·       The sources* you have used for the presentation likely contained some of these that will relate to your group focus. You are welcome to use these. Again, just be sure to credit the source*.

 

11

3-5 mins

Close Group. 

·       Summarize and review the topic, main discussion points, activity and its purpose, and offer some of the group’s sharing’s from the group process.

·       These can be imaginary since we are not actually in a group. You will be sharing and discussing in the replies, so you will have this interaction within our discussion. 

·       An example might be, “some of you shared Maslow’s Hierarchy was helpful because… Others were familiar with Maslow already and shared your experiences with the lower three levels of the pyramid, and others challenged Maslow because…”

 

12

5 secs

Reference List

APA formatted reference list

 

13

5 secs

Thank you and your contact information 

·       Only include what is appropriate for the setting. For example, you would not put your personal phone number in a presentation to an inpatient group of patients.

·       Simply stating “Thank You” with a graphic would be appropriate.

·       Presenting to professionals would include a thank you slide with information such as that on a business card.[supanova_question]

Community Hospital Operating Margins 1.Operating margins in your hospital have been consistently

Community Hospital Operating Margins

1.Operating margins in your hospital have been consistently below national norms for the past 3 years. Discuss the factors that might have created this situation and the ways in which you might determine specific causes.

2.Your firm reported net income of $5,000,000, but the change in equity was only $3,000,000. What could account for this difference?

3.Determine the amount of incremental profit that would be realized with a 10% across-the-board rate increase at Thunderbird Hospital. Thunderbird’s present payment composition is 80% fixed fee and 20% charges or discounted charges. Present operating income is defined below: Gross patient revenue$100,000,000less Contractual allowances40,000,000Net patient revenue$60,000,000less Expenses59,000,000Operating income$1,000,000

4. You have been reviewing documentation in your medical records department for the last week and have discovered a potential issue with respect to documentation for MS-DRG 193 (Simple Pneumonia and Pleurisy w MCC) and MS-DRG 194 (Simple Pneumonia and Pleurisy w CC). You have discovered 20 cases that were coded as MS-DRG 194 when in fact these patients did have diagnosis to support the major comorbidity and complication assignment. If the hospital’s base payment rate for a case weight of 1.000 is $5,000, determine the incremental payment the hospital would have received. Assume the case weight for is 1.000 for MS-DRG 194 and 1.4378 for MS-DRG 193.

5. Your firm’s investment portfolio was valued at $100,000,000 at the beginning of the year. Approximately 60% of the portfolio was invested in fixed income securities, primarily U.S. government bonds. The remaining 40% was invested in mutual funds selected by your firm’s portfolio manager. During the year U.S. government bonds yielded 6.0%, and the change in the Standard and Poor’s 500 index was 10.0%. Reported investment income during the year was $6,000,000, including realized gains. The firm also reported an unrealized loss of $1,000,000. Total yield on the portfolio was thus $5,000,000. What value would you have expected given the facts above?

6. Your present length of stay on Medicare patients is 6.3 days for 2,000 Medicare admissions. This value is unadjusted for case-mix effects. You have discovered that a normal length of stay should have been 5.0 days. If this level had been realized, you would have had 2,600 fewer days of care for Medicare patients. You are trying to determine the amount of actual savings that would be realized if the shorter length of stay could be affected. You have been told that a shorter length of stay would affect only direct costs of nursing. Your present direct cost of nursing per day is $300. Some of this cost is considered fixed and would not be changed. If 60% of the nursing cost were considered variable, how much saving would be realized through the length-of-stay reduction?

7. Charles S. Lewis has just been named the CEO of Community Hospital, a 230-bed hospital located in an agricultural community of approximately 150,000. There is one other similar-size hospital in the community. C.S. Lewis has been told by his CFO, J.R.R. Tolkien, that the hospital is in excellent financial condition, but Mr. Lewis is not convinced. He has requested and received summary financial statements presented in Table 11–5.

Table 11-5Summary Financial Information, Community Hospital,* 20X3–20X7 (data in thousands)

 

20X3

20X4

20X5

20X6

20X7

Balance sheet accounts

 

 

 

 

 

  Cash and cash equivalents

$ 34,402

$ 30,444

$ 45,848

$ 46,010

$ 73,711

  Patient accounts receivable

39,506

38,878

35,444

38,853

35,647

  Inventory

2,133

2,318

2,398

3,197

3,279

  Gross fixed assets

187,278

221,548

240,988

256,652

276,458

  Accumulated depreciation

73,227

79,523

89,324

101,007

113,851

  Net fixed assets

114,051

142,025

151,664

155,645

162,607

  Unrestricted capital funds

10,720

13,625

20,160

25,615

17,716

  Total assets

$ 238,365

$ 265,784

$ 276,965

$ 287,193

$ 311,140

  Current maturities of long-term debt

111

1,794

1,431

2,211

1,143

  Current liabilities

$ 37,426

$ 38,492

$ 33,240

$ 31,699

$ 35,862

  Long-term debt

2,032

12,821

11,720

9,578

9,570

  Net assets

$ 188,743

$ 204,262

$ 222,606

$ 237,022

$ 251,241

Income statement accounts

 

 

 

 

 

  Net patient revenue

$208,861

$ 225,950

$ 244,976

$ 257,784

$ 282,461

  Other revenue

1,569

1,756

1,929

2,170

1,757

  Total operating revenue

$ 210,430

$ 227,706

$ 246,905

$ 259,954

$ 284,218

  Total operating expenses

$ 203,043

$ 219,768

$ 233,867

$ 254,382

$ 278,629

  Operating income

7,387

7,938

13,038

5,572

5,589

  plus nonoperating revenue

6,806

7,579

8,971

8,430

8,696

  Excess of revenue over expenses

$ 14,193

$ 15,517

$ 22,009

$ 14,002

$ 14,285

  Depreciation

$ 10,588

$ 11,161

$ 11,659

$ 12,184

$ 12,524

  Interest

115

611

471

419

392

*Note that not all asset and liability items are shown. The totals therefore do not foot to the individual account values.[supanova_question]

FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AEROSPACE ENGINEERING Fall 2021 Dr. C. S. Subramanian

FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

Fall 2021 Dr. C. S. Subramanian

AEE 3162-01 Compressible Flow

Term Project Assignment (10 Points)

Assigned Date: November 2, 2021 Due date: December 2, 2021, NLT 11:59 pm

Task description: You are required to design a minimum length 2-dimensional rocket engine nozzle for the specific conditions given below. The analytical procedure of Method of Characteristics, as described in Section 11.7, p. 397 (new book p. 390), and Example 11.1, p. 401 (new book p. 394) of your hardcover textbook (Modern Compressible Flow 3rd Edition, by J.D. Anderson), may be used to solve this problem.

You are expected to use either Fortran, C++, or Matlab, or any other engineering programming codes to calculate and develop the nozzle contour.

DUE DATE: 11:59 pm, December 2, 2021. Late submissions will not be graded. All plagiarized reports (particularly similar program code) will receive a zero credit and possible failure in the course.

General Specifications:

The rocket is to discharge into an atmosphere where the ambient pressure is 101.135 kPa.

The propellant is a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, with ? = 1.22 and R = 519.6 J/(kg.K)

The stagnation temperature T0 of the propellant is 3500 K, and the stagnation pressure p0 of the propellant is 2528.38 kPa

The total mass flow rate, , through the rocket nozzle is 200 kg/s

The velocity of the fluid as it crosses the exit plane must be uniform and parallel to the axis of the nozzle

The overall expansion ratio Aexit/Athroat must be large enough so that the specific kinetic energy of the exhaust gas, 0.5 Ve2 is as high as possible percentage of specific stagnation enthalpy, h0, of the propellant. What is the best percentage of this kinetic energy of exhaust with respect to the specific stagnation enthalpy, h0, of the propellant?

The geometry downstream of throat should not exhibit sharp corners of large turning angles (this is required to avoid boundary layer separation due to sharp corners)

The length of the nozzle should be as short as possible subject to above constraints

Design Solution Reporting: Every student must present the design in a TYPED report form including, a description of design process, sample calculations, plots, table of calculated results, and any program listing that he/she may have developed. A scaled drawing of the nozzle must also be given.

Make sure your uploaded documents in Assignment (Canvas) by December 2nd deadline. Handwritten reports (even partly) will not be graded.

As a reminder, the project will be graded on the following contents in the report.

You must also show explicit calculations of the exit speed, Ve, and the exit Mach number, Me.

You must show a sample calculation of the characteristic lines that you use to create the nozzle contour

Use suitable number of characteristics (at least 50) to produce a smooth contour.

A table of the nozzle interior contour coordinates. The x, y coordinates must be expressed in SI units, as measured from the axis of the nozzle as a function of axial distance, x, from the throat section. Also, plot the contour as A/Athroat vs. x/L, where A is the local nozzle area, Athroat is the throat area, and L is the length of the nozzle.

Provide a smoothed graphics of your final nozzle shape. No need to show all the characteristic lines.

Program listing must be presented.

Provide plots and discussions of nozzle flow properties, such as Mach number, pressure and temperature variations through the nozzle.

Useful References: (in addition to your textbook)

Liepmann, H. W. and Roshko, A., Elements of Gas Dynamics, John Wiley and Sons. Inc., 1957

Zucrow, M. J. and Hoffmann, J. D., Gas Dynamics, Krieger Publishing Company, 1985

Shapiro, A. H., The Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Flows, Vol.1, The Ronald Press Co., N.Y., 1953

Turn over[supanova_question]

plastic product design

physicsl properties of bismuth thin film prepare by ultra-high vacuum

physicsl properties of bismuth thin film prepare by ultra-high vacuum.

chapter 1: Survey on physical properties of Bi thin films.

1-introduction.

2-Bi atom.

3-Growth of Bi material.

4-physical properties of Bi material.

4-1-crystallographic description of Bi material.

4-2-Electrical properties of Bi material.

4-3-Optical properties of Bi material.

5-Applications.

6-summary.[supanova_question]

NFS 4601 Fall 2021 Review of the Literature Paper Due Date: 11/21

NFS 4601

Fall 2021

Review of the Literature Paper

Due Date: 11/21 at 11:59PM

Paper must be turned in using the Turnitin function in Canvas

Instructions

Select a topic to investigate from the list of topics provided below and conduct a review of the literature. You may also select a research topic that is not listed below but you will need to email me to receive approval prior to starting your paper. This review of the literature should be 4 – 7 pages (not including the cover page and bibliography) and should evaluate the efficacy and scientific quality of the research studies that have been done on your research topic/question. Your paper should include a minimum of 4 peer-reviewed scientific articles. You are allowed to use review articles but your “Efficacy/Main Body” section should only include original research articles (randomized controlled trials) as you are discussing the best randomized controlled trials that have assessed the relationship between your chosen dietary intervention/supplement and the health/performance outcome.

Research Topics List

Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease risk

Fish oil and cardiovascular disease risk

Prebiotics or probiotics and GI health

DASH Diet and cardiovascular disease risk

Mediterranean Diet and cardiovascular disease risk

Vegetarian or vegan diet and cardiovascular disease risk

Food insecurity and cardiovascular disease risk

Vitamin D and immunity

Vitamin D and osteoporosis

Ketogenic diet versus traditional diets for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes

Low-carbohydrate diets versus traditional diets for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes

Ketogenic diet versus traditional diets for weight loss

Low-carbohydrate diet versus traditional diets for weight loss

Intermittent fasting versus traditional diets for weight loss

Intermittent fasting versus traditional diets for glycemic control

Intermittent fasting versus traditional diets for blood pressure

Dietary nitrate (beetroot juice) and endurance exercise performance

Beta-alanine and endurance exercise performance

Caffeine and endurance exercise performance

Branched-chain amino acids and exercise performance (either resistance or endurance exercise)

Whey protein and muscular hypertrophy

Mediterranean/DASH/Alkaline/Vegan Diet in cancer patients or cancer survivors

TPN versus tube feed for acute pancreatitis

Fluid and sodium restrictions in heart failure patients

Dietary fiber intake and risk of cardiovascular disease or diabetes

***Please note these are fairly broad topics. Pick a topic and then be a little more specific when you state your purpose and present your research question. Remember the PICO principle for creating a good research question.

Let’s say you are interested in “Ketogenic diet versus traditional diet for Type 2 Diabetes”. Your research question would be something like this:

“Is a short-term ketogenic diet superior for lowering blood glucose compared to a traditional low-fat diet in patients with type 2 diabetes?”

Patient population Type 2 diabetes

Intervention ketogenic diet

Comparison group traditional low-fat diet

Outcome of interest blood glucose

Here is a good way to structure your review of literature paper:

Introduction (1 – 1 ½ pages)

What is the dietary intervention, macronutrient, or supplement you are investigating? Provide a little background on it. (e.g. fish oil, ketogenic diet)

What is the condition you are trying to improve? e.g. CVD, cancer, diabetes

How does it work? What is the mechanism of action for the proposed improved health outcomes or improved performance? (e.g. How does fish oil improve CVD risk? OR How does dietary nitrate improve exercise performance?)

Rationale for writing paper and gap in the literature your review will address

The final sentence of your introduction is typically your review purpose where you state your research question that you hope the review will answer (e.g. The purpose of this scientific review is to investigate whether whey protein supplementation during resistance training increases muscular strength and size in young health males OR The purpose of this scientific review is to investigate whether a ketogenic diet yields superior improvements in blood glucose levels compared to traditional diets in patients with Type 2 Diabetes).

Dietary intervention/Supplement Efficacy (2 – 4 pages)

Present the findings of the studies (minimum of 4 required) that have investigated your research question (randomized controlled trials preferred)

You can provide a short summary of each study (What they did, how they did it, and what they found)

Limitations and Future Research (½ – 1 page)

In the studies included in the dietary intervention/supplement efficacy section, were there any major limitations? Industry funding? Gender bias? Only done in males? Poor methodology including weak assessment methods or lack of blinding? Small sample sizes? Short duration studies?

Based on these limitations, what future research needs to be done in the future to make the scientific evidence stronger for this research topic and for clinical practice

Clinical Application (½ page)

How do the findings in your review of literature apply to clinical practice? Would you be comfortable recommending this to a patient or not? Is more research needed?

Conclusion (½ page)

A brief summary of the main findings of your review of the literature

Formatting Requirements

4 – 7 pages (not including cover page and bibliography [reference list])

Arial, 12 point font

Double-spaced

1-inch margins all sides

The cover page should include (a) the title of your paper; (b) course and section numbers; (c) semester and year, and (d) date of submission.

You can reference citations within the body of the text using either authors or numbers (meaning you decide what reference style to use from the list below)

Include a reference list at the end of your paper using either APA, MLA, Vancouver (numbered), Journal of Nutrition, Circulation, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

You can use any of these referencing style just be consistent. For example if you use author names in-text you better use APA in the reference list. If you use numbering in-text you should be using Vancouver or another referencing style that uses numbers for your reference list.[supanova_question]

Short title of paper4 Running head: short name of title1 [ Enter

physicsl properties of bismuth thin film prepare by ultra-high vacuum Short title of paper4

Running head: short name of title1

[ Enter Title of Paper here ]
[ Enter your name {Last, First} ]

Introduction

[Replace this Note with an Introduction. Do not include an Abstract in this paper. The introduction should be approximately one-or two paragraph of between 150 and 500 words.

The introduction needs to:

Summarize the details of the project and briefly describe the important contents of your paper.

Define the following:

the primary mission of the system to include any alternative or secondary missions.

the functions of the system.

the type of equipment, personnel and other resources used for the system.

any changes or improvement that are anticipated as the system grows and technology evolves.

the environment where the system will operate.

Explain what Problem the system will address (i.e. what makes a new system successful).

Introduce any other concepts or content specific to your paper.]

Hypothesis

[Replace this Note with 1-or-more Hypothesis which is a concise statement of what your research and analysis discovered. As an example, “A successful system implementation requires a robust testing plan”. Any Hypothesis is developed after the research has been conducted. ]

Software System #1

[Remove this note and enter details about the Smart System based on the topic details. Do the following for each Software System and the elements of A.D.D.I.E.

Complete research and evaluate the literature as it applies to the topic.

Analyze the research, especially noting where evidence from multiple sources either confirm each other, conflict with each other or supplement each other.

Link this topic to the research question and hypothesis as well as the next main topic.

This topic may include many paragraphs. Paragraphs should consist of 5 to 8 sentences.]

Analysis

[Remove this note and complete this for the software system found in your research.]

Design

[Remove this note and complete this for the software system found in your research.]

Development

[Remove this note and complete this for the software system found in your research.]

Implementation

[Remove this note and complete this for the software system found in your research.]

Evaluation

[Remove this note and complete this for the software system found in your research.]

Findings

[Remove this note. Summarize what was discovered in the literature review and topic areas of this paper. The findings may include many paragraphs but will not necessarily be of significant length.]

References

Last Name, F. M. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Pages From – To.

Last Name, F. M. (Year). Book Title. City Name: Publisher Name.

Note: References are in Alphabetic order by last name. I highly recommend that you use the Reference Tab in WORD to create References and then Cite these references and add the Bibliography/Reference page at the end of the document.

Click Manage Sources, click New and enter details for each reference. Make sure the Style is set to APA before creating a new reference.

Find each area with your paper where you want to cite a reference and Click Insert Citation to choose the reference.

Create a blank page at the end of your paper and Click Bibliography and Click Insert Bibliography.[supanova_question]

Requirements I have this assignment in Operations Management as a critical thinking

Requirements

I have this assignment in Operations Management as a critical thinking with only 2 questions to answer.

As for the requirements, there are some things that i need you to take into consideration when doing this assignment:

1- The work should be original, so No match please.

2- The work should be in your own words. (( I Need your own opinion when you write some parts of the answers )).

3- The answer should be under every question.

4- There is no minimum count of words as long as the answer fully explains all parts of the question clearly.

5- Use Times New Roman (Size 12, Double-spaced) Font.

6- Use APA style when you put some references.

Thank you so much for your help. I really appreciate it.[supanova_question]

Running head: GUIDED IMAGERY AND PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION Female Genital Mutilation Najmo

Running head: GUIDED IMAGERY AND PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION

Female Genital Mutilation

Najmo Mohamed

SCSU

Female Genital Mutilation

Thesis Statement: Female Genital Mutilation which is associated with cultural ideals of modesty and femininity has been associated with severe mental problems towards the victims of this practice who are left traumatized and predisposed to different health conditions and infections.

Klein, E., Helzner, E., Shayowitz, M., Kohlhoff, S., & Smith-Norowitz, T. A. (2018). Female genital mutilation: health consequences and complications—a short literature review. Obstetrics and gynecology international, 2018.

Practices that manipulate, modify, or remove the external female genital organs in young girls and women are female circumcision (FC) and female genital mutilation (FGM). In their study, Klein (2018) pinpoint that a religious leader, town elder, or medical practitioner with insufficient experience performs the surgery using a blade or shard of glass. In about 15% of cases, vaginal tearing, the most severe type of FGM, entails the removal of the labia and suturing the vulva together; this technique may put the victim’s life in danger. As a result, unlike male circumcision, the operation has no recognized health advantages and is not done for medical purposes. The above study will be utilized to showcase how female genital mutilation is conducted and the likely types of people that carry out the practice in various regions where it is carried out.

Dilbaz, B., ?flazo?lu, N., & Tan?n, S. A. (2019). An overview of female genital mutilation. Turkish journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 16(2), 129.

Dilbaz, Iflazoglu & Tanin (2019) pinpoint that when it comes to FGM, one is talking about practices that purposefully harm or change the female genital organs for no medical reasons. Most often, on infants and young girls up to the age of 15, the procedure is known as female circumcision, or female genital cutting is carried out by a conventional circumciser using a blade under dangerous settings. The concept that medical personnel may undertake the surgery to make it safer is strongly opposed since this practice is widely recognized as a blatant violation of the human rights of girls and women across the world. Approximately 3.3 million girls are in danger each year, and 200 million women living in 30 countries today have had the operations performed on them. Western, eastern, and northeastern Africa, various nations in the Middle East and Asia, and immigration from these regions are hotbeds of the practice. The study will be used to showcase why FGM is prohibited or severely limited in the majority of nations where it is practiced due to worldwide attempts to change the minds of practitioners. Again, the study will offer insights on the effects that FGM has on women considering the case study presented in the study.

Williams-Breault, B. D. (2018). Eradicating female genital mutilation/cutting: human rights-based approaches of legislation, education, and community empowerment. Health and human rights, 20(2), 223.

There are several forms of genital mutilation that are considered acts of violence against women and girls. This category includes the way in which the female genital organs are damaged or removed for non-medical reasons. According to Williams-Breault (2018), FGM is estimated to have affected more than 200 million girls and women globally, with roughly 3.6 million being in danger every year. It is not only about the enforcement of the law or creating educational programs that concentrate on empowerment; it is also about recruiting community leaders who can help eradicate the problem. There are several indicators of gender inequality, including female genital mutilation. Williams-Breault (2018) also pinpointed that FGM/C has been connected to underage marriage, forced sexual introduction, and health problems throughout the victim’s life span. Therefore, the above study will be utilized to show why it is essential to empower girls and women to abolish the practice. The study will also be used to show hiw gender interactions, sexual and reproductive health decisions, and health-related behavior, in general, might benefit from this, quickening the process of abdication of the above evil practice.

McCauley, M., & van den Broek, N. (2019). Challenges in the eradication of female genital mutilation/cutting.

Following more than 40 years of civil discourse on female genital mutilation, the practice persists. McCauley & Van den Broek (2019) describe it as any operation that involves partial or complete eradication of the female genital or other harm to the female genital organs, whether for ethnic or other non-therapeutic reasons includes FGM.  The scholars further pinpoint that FGM may be divided into four basic categories. Only 10 percent of all instances are classified as Type III, also known as infibulation. McCauley & Van den Broek (2019) points out that FGM is alleged to have affected more than 200 million girls and women throughout the globe. Forty-four million of them are under the age of 15 years old. The above study will be vital in showcasing the four classifications of FGM and their dangers on women. Again, the study will the source of the statistics concerning the extent at which FGM is conducted in various select regions around the world.

Nour, N. M. (2008). Female genital cutting: a persisting practice. Reviews in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1(3), 135.

Female Genital Mutilation, also referred to as female circumcision, is a long-standing cultural practice.  African nations and several Asian countries practice FGC, a controversial procedure that has sparked medical ethics problems. Nour (2008) pinpoints that all practices that comprise partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia or other harm to the female sexual tract, whether based on culture or other quasi reasons, have been defined as FGC by the World Health Organization. Three million girls are at risk of having FGC every year. When a process is conducted in a sterile environment, there is less risk of physical, psychological, and sexual difficulties than when a treatment is performed in a less sterile environment. Nour (2008) also pinpoint several reasons why FGC is still practiced, including the rite of passage, assuring marriageability, religion, cleanliness, and promoting fertility. The above study will be used to draw the reasons cited to be cause of FGM in various select countries around the world. It will also be used to showcase the demographic risk of women likely to be affected by the practice in the select regions around the world where the practice is carried out.

Momoh, C. (2004). Female genital mutilation. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 16(6), 477-480.

Momoh (2004) points out that the lack of scientific study on female genital mutilation is huge, given the practice’s multifaceted compelexity. For example, there’s a lack of research into how prevalent it is, how harmful it is to women who have been subjected to it, how it affects health care professionals, how it affects existing laws, and how it affects programs aimed at changing people’s attitudes toward female genital mutilation, among other things. The author also posits that literature tends to concentrate on a limited number of themes and typically relies on insufficient research. One of this review’s goals is to provide an up-to-date summary of current publications and attitudes on female genital mutilation during the previous years. Specifically, it is designed towards professionals who care for and assist women/girls who have been subjected to female genital mutilation. The study will be key in highlighting the various ways that FGM is some regions is yet to be curbed and stopped considering the practice’s prevalence in some of the selected regions around the world.

Gee, A., Kraus, E., & Bilyeu, A. (2019). Female Genital Cutting: Considerations for the Western Physician. Missouri medicine, 116(1), 32. Gee, A., Kraus, E., & Bilyeu, A. (2019). Female Genital Cutting: Considerations for the Western Physician. Missouri medicine, 116(1), 32.

Gee, Kraus & Bilyeu (2019) estimate that over 200 million women in 30 nations have had their genitalia mutilated, with a further three million women and children in danger each year.  The authors refer back to the World Health Organization statistics, which illustrate that FGM covers any surgery that modifies or damages the female genital organs for non-medical reasons and is referred to as FGM. There have been several worldwide campaigns to end the practice, which is widely seen as a violation of human rights in the West. Gee, Kraus & Bilyeu (2019) pinpoint that the practice is mostly practiced in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, a common cultural tradition. Immigrants’ medical issues may become a problem for healthcare practitioners in the United States as the population grows. Additionally, we must be aware of its continuous practice’s social, ethical, and legal consequences. It is for this reason that the study above will be used to showcase the various negative impacts of the FGM practice in the following realms; social, ethical and legal terms. The study will also be used to showcase how the practice is a violation of human rights.

Utz-Billing, I., & Kentenich, H. (2008). Female genital mutilation: an injury, physical and mental harm. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 29(4), 225-229.

Currently, female genital mutilation’ is a large issue, and in the above study, Utz-Billing & Kentenrich (2008) provides an outline of it (FGM). Feminine genital mutilation (FGM) is non-therapeutic, partial or total excision of the female genitals. About 130 million women throughout the globe are affected by this issue. More over a third of those nations are in Africa, where FGM is most prevalent. FGM may be divided into four categories: Both types of clitoris removal, type I and type II, include removing the foreskin, but the labia minora may be partially or completely removed as well. Type III FGM is the most severe kind. The labia minora and majora get surgically removed. Urine and menstrual blood may only pass via a tiny hole in the orificium vaginae orifice. Type IV of FGM includes pricking, perforation of the clitoris or vulva, and scraping of the vagina. The above study will be used to further deduct details on the four types of FGM practices as well as their negative effects on women. The article will also offer statistics on the number of women that have been affected by the above evil practice.

Zurynski, Y., Sureshkumar, P., Phu, A., & Elliott, E. (2015). Female genital mutilation and cutting: a systematic literature review of health professionals’ knowledge, attitudes and clinical practice. BMC international health and human rights, 15(1), 1-18.

Women’s genital mutilation (FGM) is estimated by the World Health Organization to have affected over 100 million women and girls. Zurynski et al. (2015) illustrate those children as young as one month old are often subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM). When the vaginal aperture is restricted by cutting and relocating the inner or outer labia, with or without the excision of the clitoris, there are several different kinds of FGM treatments that may be used. This practice predates both the Koran and the Bible, and it has no religious foundation. The authors also note that female genital mutilation (FGM) is currently practiced in at least 26 countries in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. In eleven African nations, the frequency of FGM is 70 percent or more. For FGM, there are no health or medical benefits. For starters, it may cause severe physical and psychological damage to the women who undergo it, including bleeding, discomfort, and infection. The study above will be used to outline the history of the FGM practice and the process by which it is carried out and the major regions in which it occurs. The article will also be a source of further knowledge on the ramifications of the FGM practice on women.

Mpinga, E. K., Macias, A., Hasselgard-Rowe, J., Kandala, N. B., Félicien, T. K., Verloo, H., … & Chastonay, P. (2016). Female genital mutilation: a systematic review of research on its economic and social impacts across four decades. Global health action, 9(1), 31489.

In the past few decades, there has been a rise in global attempts to stop the tradition of female genital mutilation (FGM), spurred on by a growing understanding that it is a form of terrible violence against women and girls. Mpinga et al. (2016) identify that international and non-governmental organizations, governments, religious and civil society groups, and other organizations have all worked together to stop the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM). However, it seems that the socioeconomic components of the practice have been underreported, and the repercussions of this study remain unknown. The authors conclude that research on the social and economic effects of female genital mutilation (FGM) is on the rise, but little is known about the long-term effects of the practice. Increased research into this area is needed to improve preventative, advocacy, and intervention efforts. As a result, the above research will be used to pinpoint why more research is needed in determining the impacts of FGM on women especially in the social and economical spectrums.[supanova_question]

Law Question

Assignment 2 Write a six to 3-page (900 word) essay which relates and applies the course material found in Module Five and Module Six to the following online videos:
If these links are no longer active, search online by title.
Behind Bars
https://archive.org/details/BehindBarsInSanQuentin-LouisTheroux
Marking will be based on overall readability (including spelling and grammar), inclusion of references, and the proper integration of course material. Your essay should contain at least 5 references to material from at least four of the sections in Modules Five and Six.
Proofread your work carefully
MLA format

[supanova_question]

Law Question

Assignment 2 Write a six to 3-page (900 word) essay which relates and applies the course material found in Module Five and Module Six to the following online videos:
Miami Mega-Jail
If these links are no longer active, search online by title.
Part 1 https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6bcxc6
Part 2 https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x5wbvo6
Marking will be based on
overall readability (including spelling and grammar), inclusion of references,
and the proper integration of course material. Your essay should contain at
least 5 references to material from at least four of the sections in Modules
Five and Six.Please,
#Proofread your paper carefully##
[supanova_question]

Requirements I have an assignment in International Business as a report writing

Requirements

I have an assignment in International Business as a report writing with only 3 questions to answer.

As for the requirements, there are some things that i need you to take into consideration when doing this assignment:

1- The work should be original, so No match please.

2- The work should be in your own words. (( I Need your own views when you write some parts of the answers )).

3- The answer should be under every question.

4- The answer for all the report should be 700 words Minimum.

5- Use Times New Roman (Size 12, Double-spaced) Font.

6- Use APA style when you put some references.

Thank you so much for your help. I really appreciate it.[supanova_question]

Regulatory Agencies and Accrediting Bodies

This assignment is designed to give you a greater understanding of regulatory agencies and accreditation bodies, including their functions, public reporting requirements, and the how they impact quality and safety.
select and evaluate a regulatory agency or accrediting body.
Discuss the history of the agency or body.
Explain the reason for its existence.
Summarize the agency’s public reporting of quality indicators:Frequency
Where they are reported
Why public reporting of these metrics is important

Explain how the agency or body operates:Current function
Organizational structure
Governance

Analyze the impact the agency or body has on quality at each level of health care: Health care organizations
Nursing practice
Patient care

Cite at least two sources in an APA 7th edition formatted reference page.
Format your assignment as one of the following:
875-word paper
RUBRIC
Discussed the history of an appropriate regulatory
agency or accrediting body and explained the reason for
creation or existence.
Summarized the agency’s public reporting of quality
indicators:
o Frequency
o Where they are reported
o Why public reporting of these metrics is
important

Explained how the agency or body operates:
o Current function
o Organizational structure
o Governance

40
Analyzed the impact the agency or body has on quality
at each level of health care: o Healthcare organizations
o Nursing practice
o Patient care

Format: points possible Points possible Points earned Comments

Followed a structure that is clear, concise, and
appropriate; maintained a scholarly tone
Cited at least two sources in an APA-formatted
reference page

done
Seen
1 min ago[supanova_question]

#16 please I need assistance

Image transcription text
Sometimes

Question #16 please I need assistance

Image transcription text
Sometimes in lab we collect the gas formed by a chemical reaction over water (see sketch at right). This makes it collected easy to isolate and measure the amount of gas produced. chemical Suppose the H, gas evolved by a certain chemical reaction taking place at 30.0 C is collected over water, using water reaction an apparatus something like that in the sketch, and the final volume of gas in the collection tube is measured to be 121. mL. Sketch of a gas-collection apparatus Calculate the mass of H, that is in the collection tube. Round your answer to 2 significant digits. You can make any normal and reasonable assumption about the reaction conditions and the nature of the gases. X ?
… Show more

[supanova_question]

Requirements I have this case study in Organizational Behavior with only 4

Requirements

I have this case study in Organizational Behavior with only 4 questions to answer.

As for the requirements, there are some things that i need you to take into consideration when doing this assignment:

1- The work should be original, so No match please.

2- The work should be in your own words. (( I Need your own opinion when you write some parts of the answers )).

3- The answer should be under every question.

4- The answer for each question will vary from 200 – 400 Words Minimum.

5- Use Times New Roman (Size 12, Double-spaced) Font.

6- Use APA style when you put some references.

Thank you so much for your help. I really appreciate it.[supanova_question]

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Education Saudi Electronic University ??????? ???????

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ministry of Education

Saudi Electronic University

??????? ??????? ????????

????? ???????

??????? ???????? ???????????

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

Assignment-3

MGT402 – Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Deadline: 04/12/2021 @ 23:59

Course Name: Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Student’s Name:

Course Code: – MGT 402

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: I

CRN:

Academic Year: 1443/1444 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Read carefully Grading Rubric below for specific criteria: 0-5 Marks

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Assignment – 3

Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Submission Date by students: Before the end of Week- 13th

Place of Submission: Students Grade Centre

Weight: 05 Marks

Course Learning Outcome:

Demonstrate a solid understanding of the potential of entrepreneur in today’s competitive business world. (Lo 1.2).

Design a solid projected financial Plan and conduct a breakeven analysis for a small company. (Lo 2.5).

Demonstrate a thorough understanding regarding the importance of cash management for the success of a small business. (Lo 2.8).

Assignment Workload:

This assignment is an individual assignment.

Case Study

Students are supposed to read the attached Case 2- Able Planet. Based on your understanding of the case and basic concepts of Entrepreneurship.

Answer the following question:

1. Experts say that entrepreneurs who need between $100,000 and $3 million often face the greatest obstacles when raising capital for their businesses. Why? (1.5 marks)

2. How should Kevin Semcken raise the $1.5 million in capital that Able Planet needs? Be sure to consider sources of both debt and equity financing. (1.5 marks)

3. Write a short memo to Kevin Semcken explaining what he should do before he approaches potential lenders and investors to maximize his chances of getting the capital that Able Planet needs. (2 marks)

The Answer must follow the outline points below:

Each answer should be within 200 to 500 range of word counts.

Reference

Note: You can support your answer by the course book.

You can use secondary source available on internet.

Answer:

1.

2.

3.[supanova_question]

Requirements I have this Project Assignment in E-Marketing About a website called

Requirements

I have this Project Assignment in E-Marketing About a website called Nabataty. You need to create a campaign for the company to launch (Hypothetically), starting January 2021 till December, that will be active for 12 months. There is also some attached chapters that can be helpful as a reference to know how to answer the questions.

As for the requirements, there are some things that i need you to take into consideration when doing this assignment:

1- The work should be original, so No match please.

2- The work should be in your own words.

3- The answer should be under every question.

4- The answer for the whole project should be around 1000 words.

5- Use Times New Roman (Size 12, 1.5 lines) Font.

6- Use APA style when you put some references.

Thank you so much for your help. I really appreciate it.

PS. This is the link to the website use it as a reference when you need to answer some of the questions.

https://nabataty.com/store/[supanova_question]

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Education Saudi Electronic University ??????? ???????

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ministry of Education

Saudi Electronic University

??????? ??????? ????????

????? ???????

??????? ???????? ???????????

College of Administrative and Financial Sciences

Assignment-3

MGT402 – Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Deadline: 04/12/2021 @ 23:59

Course Name: Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Student’s Name:

Course Code: – MGT 402

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: I

CRN:

Academic Year: 1443/1444 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Read carefully Grading Rubric below for specific criteria: 0-5 Marks

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Assignment – 3

Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Submission Date by students: Before the end of Week- 13th

Place of Submission: Students Grade Centre

Weight: 05 Marks

Course Learning Outcome:

Demonstrate a solid understanding of the potential of entrepreneur in today’s competitive business world. (Lo 1.2).

Design a solid projected financial Plan and conduct a breakeven analysis for a small company. (Lo 2.5).

Demonstrate a thorough understanding regarding the importance of cash management for the success of a small business. (Lo 2.8).

Assignment Workload:

This assignment is an individual assignment.

Case Study

Students are supposed to read the attached Case 2- Able Planet. Based on your understanding of the case and basic concepts of Entrepreneurship.

Answer the following question:

1. Experts say that entrepreneurs who need between $100,000 and $3 million often face the greatest obstacles when raising capital for their businesses. Why? (1.5 marks)

2. How should Kevin Semcken raise the $1.5 million in capital that Able Planet needs? Be sure to consider sources of both debt and equity financing. (1.5 marks)

3. Write a short memo to Kevin Semcken explaining what he should do before he approaches potential lenders and investors to maximize his chances of getting the capital that Able Planet needs. (2 marks)

The Answer must follow the outline points below:

Each answer should be within 200 to 500 range of word counts.

Reference

Note: You can support your answer by the course book.

You can use secondary source available on internet.

Answer:

1.

2.

3.[supanova_question]

College of Administration and Finance Sciences Assignment (3) Deadline: Saturday 27/11/2021 @

College of Administration and Finance Sciences

Assignment (3)

Deadline: Saturday 27/11/2021 @ 23:59

Course Name: Principles of Accounting

Student’s Name:

Course Code: ACCT101

Student’s ID Number:

Semester: 1st

CRN:

Academic Year: 1443 H

For Instructor’s Use only

Instructor’s Name:

Students’ Grade: /5

Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low

Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.

Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.

Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.

Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.

Late submission will NOT be accepted.

Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

All answers must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism.

Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.

Assignment Question(s): (Marks 5)

Q1- On your own words, describe the methods that companies can implement to depreciate plant assets. (2 Marks).

Q2- On June 1, 2020, ABC Company signed a $25,000, 120-day, 6% note payable to cover a past due account payable.
a. What is the total amount of interest to be paid on this note?
b. Prepare ABC Company’s general journal entry to record the issuance of the note payable
c. Prepare ABC Company’s general journal entry to record the payment of the note on
September 29, 2020 (2 marks). 

Q3. What are the differences between sole proprietorship and corporation? (1 mark).[supanova_question]

physicsl properties of bismuth thin film prepare by ultra-high vacuum

Technical requirements: -The paper should have your name and the topic you have chosen printed on the first page.

Technical requirements: -The paper should have your name and the topic you have chosen printed on the first page..

Technical requirements:
-The paper should have your name and the topic you have chosen printed on the first page.
-Summarize the physics appropriate to the topic you have chosen – at least 3 pages but no more than 4 pages, typewritten, double-spaced.
-The paper must use a minimum of three references.
-Include a list of the used references.
-Do not quote any portion of the references. All writing should be your own!

Grading criteria:

The following will be considered when grading the paper:

-Grammar and spelling
-Appropriate nature of references (textbooks, websites, etc…) – your instructor has sole discretion over -validity of your sources. Please contact your instructor if you have any doubts about using a source.
-Scientific content of paper
-Ability to relate appropriate physics using your own original phrasing (i.e. without direct quotation or plagiarism)[supanova_question]

College Comp Discussion

College Comp Discussion.

I need an explanation for this English question to help me study.

Locate one claim or point that needs to be strengthened within one body paragraph of your Unit 6 Assignment. Then find one reliable and relevant source that will support it. Include the URL link to the source in your post so your classmates can review the source.

Then, explain why this source is reliable and relevant to your paper.

Select a body paragraph from your Unit 6 Assignment that needs research information to support, develop, or clarify ideas effectively. Then, paraphrase and incorporate the relevant source from the source you selected into that paragraph to help clarify, develop, or explain your point or claim in that paragraph. Post both the original paragraph from your Unit 6 Assignment and the revised paragraph that now includes research information. Do not worry about citing the source correctly — you will learn to do that in Unit 8. Instead, use a signal phrase inside the paragraph (like “According to Smith…”) to introduce the source information within the paragraph.

Include an open-ended question about any issue your initial post raises which your classmates can help you with.

Essay Help “>Essay Help

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https://anyessayhelp.com/

[supanova_question]