## Hide Assignment Information Instructions Newton’s Laws Assignment Newton’s Laws of Motion are a fundamental part of Physics. His laws

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Instructions
Newton’s Laws Assignment

Newton’s Laws of Motion are a fundamental part of Physics. His laws of motion explain rest, constant motion, accelerated motion, and describe how balanced and unbalanced forces act to cause these states of motion. You will select ONE of the options below to demonstrate your understanding and application of Newton’s Laws.

Newton’s Law Project (option A)

“Where can you find Newton’s Laws? “

This project allows you find it in magazines and real life. ## Choose a discussion topic that uses physics topics covered in this module. Consider one of the following as good Essay

Choose a discussion topic that uses physics topics covered in this module. Consider one of the following as good topic “starters” for discussion: (i) What were your “Aha!” moments as you worked through the material? How does this module’s content relate to current events? (iv) Did you more deeply explore a topic only covered lightly in the course materials? What did you discover? (v) Do not post homework problems. Create an engaging 3-paragraph initial post that ties one or more of the module’s concepts to the real world. The paragraphs should address the following points: Paragraph 1: Describe the physics concepts/topics you have chosen to discuss from this week’s module, including, as appropriate, a reference to this week’s readings on the topics, terminology with definitions, units, conventions, etc. Paragraph 2: Summarize one or more impacts of the physics concepts to everyday life or aviation. Paragraph 3: Either: (i) provide a real example, e.g., from an article or documented report of the aviation impact of this physics concept, or, (ii) give “your take” on the relevance and importance of this topic from your own perspective, by providing personal points of view or related experiences. Length. There is no set minimum word requirement. However, there is a set maximum word requirement – confine your initial post to 500 words. Include a graphic, video, or image that helps visualize some aspect of your answer. ***TEXT BOOK PROVIDED*** Chapter 8 ## Four to six pages (not counting references) double spaced. ● Introduction: Introduce your experimental question and hypothesis. Relate your

Four to six pages (not counting references) double spaced. ● Introduction: Introduce your experimental question and hypothesis. Relate your. Four to six pages (not counting references) double spaced.
● Introduction: Introduce your experimental question and hypothesis. Relate your question
to food and cooking.
● Body: Paper should include data tables, example analysis, and graphs (with all the
components we emphasized during the course). Explain your analysis and graphs as
needed.
● Conclusion: Summarize your results and relate them back to your question or
hypothesis. How do your results inform cooking?
● References with in-text in citations.

Four to six pages (not counting references) double spaced. ● Introduction: Introduce your experimental question and hypothesis. Relate your ## Use your knowledge of physics and engineering to design a device to meet one of the following criteria: 1)

Use your knowledge of physics and engineering to design a device to meet one of the following criteria: 1). Use your knowledge of physics and engineering to design a device to meet one of the following criteria:

1) Design a device to minimize impact from a collision.
2) Design a device to convert one form of energy to another.

In 2-3 paragraphs explain your design, the materials that would be used to construct it, its function, and the relative efficiency of your design compared to something that already exists and performs a similar function.

Use your knowledge of physics and engineering to design a device to meet one of the following criteria: 1) ## Write an original review of some nuclear physics topic in the style of a regular article in Physics Today

Write an original review of some nuclear physics topic in the style of a regular article in Physics Today. Write an original review of some nuclear physics topic in the style of a regular article in Physics Today or Scientific American.

The projects will be graded on scientific accuracy, thoroughness of literature research, logical coherence, and clarity of communication. The required length is 2500 ( /- 250) words and the references should include at least two original research papers.

Ideally, this paper will look like the example provided. Additionally, I have attached the general overview of what I thought the paper might look like which can be followed if that works for the writer.

Please include figures that help depict and support the paper

Write an original review of some nuclear physics topic in the style of a regular article in Physics Today ## answer questions (show work, include each step for how to get to the final answer)

answer questions (show work, include each step for how to get to the final answer). 1. Axons in the brain have smaller diameters than motor neurons; 0.6 μm is a typical value. Most connections are short range, with an average axon length of about 700 μm. The resistivity of the 7-nm-thick axon membrane is approximately 4×107 Ω; the dielectric constant is 5. Model the axon as a cylinder. (6 pts)
Find out and show your work
(a) the resistance in MΩ,
(b) the capacitance in μF, and
(c) the time constant in ms of the axon membrane?
2. The giant axon of a squid is 0.5 mm in diameter, 10 cm long, and not myelinated. Unmyelinated cell membranes behave as capacitors with 1 μF of capacitance per square centimeter of membrane area. When the axon is charged to the −70 mV resting potential, what is the energy stored in this capacitance? (4 pts) Show your work
3. A myelinated nerve fiber has a 4.0-μm-diameter cylindrical axon covered by a 1.0-μm-thick layer of myelin. No ions pass through the axon membrane, which is sealed by the myelin, but an action potential at a node causes an ion current to flow along the axis of the axon. The axon is filled with cytosol, whose resistivity was given in Chapter 24 as 0.50 Ω⋅m The dielectric constant of myelin is assumed to be 5.0, the same as that of the cell membrane (8 pts) Show your work.
a) What are the capacitance in pF and the resistance in MΩ of a 1.0-mm-long segment of a myelinated nerve fiber? Use the average radius of the myelin sheath for calculating capacitance.
b) What is the time constant in μs of this RC circuit

answer questions (show work, include each step for how to get to the final answer) ## physics question with chapter from Force, Hooke’s Law, Newton’s Laws/Conservation of Energy

physics question with chapter from Force, Hooke’s Law, Newton’s Laws/Conservation of Energy. have one physics homework and stuck on this one question…It’s the chapter from (Force, Hooke’s Law, Newton’s Laws/Conservation of Energy)
This is the question…
16) An object with a mass 0.285kg is attached to a vertical spring with a force constant of 3.75N/m. From the spring’s unstretched position, a student pushes the mass downward with a speedof 1.50m/s. Neglect the mass of the spring and its kinetic energy. What is the speed of the object when it has fallen 0.120m from where it was pushed by the student?

physics question with chapter from Force, Hooke’s Law, Newton’s Laws/Conservation of Energy ## capacitors lab

capacitors lab. The Notebook Paper Capacitor
Objectives • To measure the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor made out of sheets of aluminum foil and plain white paper. • To measure capacitance in series and parallel and see if it behaves as expected. • To see if the relationship of capacitance to plate area behaves as expected • To see if the relationship of capacitance to plate separation behaves as expected. • To measure the dielectric constant of paper. Background Two conductors separated by an insulator can be electrically charged so that one conductor has a positive charge and the other conductor has an equal magnitude of negative charge. This arrangement is called a capacitor. Capacitors are sometimes called condensers, after the name given them by Volta for their ability to “condense” an amount of electricity. The capacitor was independently discovered in 1745 and 1746 by Ewald Georg von Kleist and Pieter von Musschenbroek, of the University of Leyden, who invented a metal, water and glass capacitor, the Leyden jar. Capacitance is measured in Coulombs per Volt. The unit is the Farad (F), named after Michael Faraday. 1 Farad = 1 Coulomb / 1 Volt. A 1 F capacitor would be very large! More typically used are microfarads (1 μF = 10-6 Farads), nanofarads (1 nF = 10-9 F) or picofarads (1 pF = 10-12 F). A parallel plate capacitor consisting of two parallel metal conductors separated by vacuum has capacitance as given in equation 1. (1) DAC0e=Area = A Separation = D Figure 1. A diagram of a parallel plate capacitor. The arrows represent the electric field.

If a non-conducting material composed of polar molecules (which have intrinsic dipole moments) is placed within a capacitor which is connected to a voltage source, the dipole moments will be lined up parallel to the electric field. Such a material is called a dielectric. The dipole moment will be aligned with the electric field, with the positive end of the molecule in the direction of the field. When aligned, the charges will cancel except at the edges of the dielectric, creating a surface charge layer with charge opposite to that on the charged plate. This layer sets up an electric field opposite to the applied field, weakening the original field. The weaker field is indicated by a decrease in the number of field lines within the dielectric, as shown in figure 3. The weaker field for a given charge results in a higher capacitance, given by eqn. 2. (2) where κ is the dimensionless dielectric constant. DAC0ek=Figure 2. Alignment of the molecular dipole moments of the dielectric. Figure 3. Partial cancellation of the electric field within the dielectric.

Determination of the Properties of Parallel Plate Capacitors In this lab you will construct parallel plate capacitors out of aluminum foil and paper. You will put the capacitors in series and parallel and measure the capacitance and then compare the result to the calculated equivalent capacitance. You will measure the capacitance with different thicknesses of paper dielectric and determine the dielectric constant. Equipment • 20 sheets of paper • Four sheets of aluminum foil of approximately equal size • Some textbooks • Multi-meter with capacitance gauge, wires, and alligator clips • Micrometer • 4 wires and paper clips • Blocks of wood • Ruler • Scissors Procedure: Part I The data was collected for you. Here is a summary of how it was done. 1. Always record estimated uncertainties for each measured quantity. 2. Measure the length and width of your sheets of aluminum foil for both capacitors 3. Using the paper clips to connect the wires to the aluminum foil, make two capacitors with 6-page thick dielectrics and measure their capacitance. You can make the dielectric out of notebook or printer paper and place the entire capacitor within the textbook. There should be at least 200 pages (100 sheets) between the two capacitors. Make sure the wires and aluminum foil do not short circuit! You can place each of your two capacitors directly between blocks of wood, but you must be careful to avoid shorts. **I made a video showing the setup 4. Measure the capacitance of each capacitor. When measuring the capacitance, place the book on the floor with the block of wood on the cover, and have one member of the group stand on it (or use another method of applying a uniform force).If the capacitances are not approximately equal, adjust the sizes or alignment of the foil until you have made two 5-page capacitors whose capacitances are within 10% of each other. 5. Measure the capacitance of the two 6-page capacitors connected in series. 6. Measure the capacitance of two 6-page capacitors in parallel. 7. Make sure you draw a circuit diagram clearly showing the connections for both capacitors in series and for the capacitors parallel. 8. Take Capacitor #2 and cut each sheet in half to reduce the area to ½ its original area and measure the capacitance of this 6-page capacitor of one half the area.

Procedure: Part II (this uses Capacitor #1 from Part I) 1. Determine the size of each tick mark on the micrometer scale. 2. Determine the zero point on your micrometer by closing it gently, noting where it starts to slip. If it closes below zero, you must add the offset to your measurements. 3. For this portion of the lab, you need to measure the thickness of the paper dielectric. Measure each set of pages that you used; do NOT simply multiply the thickness of one page by “n”. When measuring the thickness of paper, close the micrometer on the paper, but not so tightly that the paper is squeezed and cannot slip out. 4. Measure the capacitance (Cm) for capacitors of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 pages thickness. The data table should include at least the following. Make sure to note somewhere what kind of paper you used for the dielectric: notebook, printer, or textbook pages. Description Foil Length L (use σL=1mm) Foil Width W (use σW=1mm) Thickness D (use σD = 0.02mm) Capacitance (Measured) Cm (σCm will be provided) Part I 6-page #1 5-page #2 series Leave black boxes parallel empty half size Part II (Part ii uses Capacitor #1) 4-page 6-page 8-page 10-page 12-page 14-page

Data Analysis: Part I 1. Compute the predicted capacitance for two capacitors in series and in parallel of the two 6-page capacitors and determine whether the measured values follow the predicted relationships to the capacitances of the individual capacitors. 2. Determine whether the capacitance of the one half size capacitor obeys the predicted relationship to a full size capacitor. Note: in Part 1, you do not need the dielectric constant.You are just using the relationships for series

capacitors lab ## physic 230

physic 230. In this experiment an oscilloscope will be used to study the time dependence of current in RL, RC and RLC series circuits. A square wave voltage generator is used to simulate a “switch”, turning an emf  on and off. This causes exponential saturation and/or decay in the RL and RC circuits, while damped oscillatory behavior is observed in the RLC circuit. An oscilloscope is connected to probe voltage as a function of time. For the RC and RL circuits, the voltage is taken across the resistor where the vR = IR, whereas the voltage is taken across the capacitor (vC = Q/C) in the RLC circuit. It is important to note the generator itself has a 50 resistance to the actual “R” is R 50.

physic 230 ## 2 Part Physics Labs

2 Part Physics Labs. Physics Lab with the guide below. Please be sure to follow the steps, answer the questions, and show and explain all your work. Again, please make sure you are capable of showing and explaining all your work because failure to do so will result in me asking for a refund. Each lab should be in its own doc. Thank you. 