Psychology Question

Assignment ContentRead the instructions in Ethical Considerations in Motivated Learning, and select one option to complete the assignment. You can choose from the following options:Option 1: Ethical Considerations Presentation
Option 2: Ethical Considerations Paper
*Make sure to: explain specific theories of motivation from the readings, potential ethical pitfalls when using those theories, and how to avoid them!Format your assignment in accordance with APA guidelines.Submit your assignment.ResourcesCenter for Writing Excellence
Reference and Citation Generator
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Lesson 2 Reflection – THE IMPORTANCE OF A CHILD-CENTERED APPROACH

To increase engagement and motivation, effective programs strive to make their activities “child-centered.”
From your readings, summarize in your own words what you believe to be a child-centered approach to afterschool programs. List some of the NAA Core Knowledge and Competencies for Afterschool and Youth Development Professionals that you believe are child-centered in their focus and how you believe the child benefits.
Compare and contrast the traditional approaches and the child centered approaches (see Afterschool Alert Issue Brief December 2011). Summarize your thoughts about the similarities and differences between the 2 approaches.Upload your submission as a word or rtf document.

Lesson 2 Discussion

FLORIDA CORE KNOWLEDGE AREAS and COMPETENCIES (PART 1)
Discussion:
www.myfan.org/downloads/Florida Core Competencies for Afterschool Practitioners.pdf
1) Choose two competencies that may come in to conflict with each other. Discuss what the conflict could be and provide two suggestions as to how that might be minimized or eliminated.
2) Respond to one of your classmate’s posts. Please state who you are responding to by using their name in your response. (Below)
Classmate’s post that needs to be responded to:
Two core competencies that might come into conflict with each other include Program Planning and Development

Lesson 2 Discussion

After reviewing all of the materials in the lesson, share your views on the importance of the child’s experiences in infancy and early childhood and the impact on positive youth development. Make reference to the materials in the lesson to support your opinions.
Respond to one of your classmates. (Below)
Classmate’s post that needs to be responded to:
In order for a child to thrive after they are born, they have to successfully achieve milestones that they meet based on their development. Just at two months old, a baby should show several types of growth development that depict their social and emotional stage, language and communication stage, cognitive, and physical development stage. To understand your child better, it is important to pay attention to growth clues such as smiling, eye contact, or sucking on their hands and fingers. These emotional responses mean your baby is thriving and knows they are safe with you, their guardian. Babies will gurgle or coo when they try to communicate, as well as acknowledging when a sound has been made and where it came from. Their eyes will follow people, and their attention spans will be very, very short. Babies will also begin to hold their own head up and create easy movements with their limbs. It is important for an infant to display these developments in order to thrive during their toddler and adolescent years. At age 5, a child begins to develop behaviors and “traits”, such as stubbornness, laziness, shyness, etc. These traits (whether good or bad) will most likely stick with them for the rest of their life.
A baby needs to be safe, and knows they are safe when a mother figure or guardian is present. Constant attention is needed in order for a child to grow up feeling loved, a severe lack of attention and affection will result in isolated behavior or feeling withdrawn later in their adolescence. From infancy to eighteen months of being alive, a child’s most important goals are feeding (of course) and while we grow attached and express love towards the bundle of joy, they start to develop a sense of trust. During the years of early childhood to adolescence, children are constantly asking themselves questions about the world, whether it be actual questions or for infants, their curiosity speaks for itself instead of words. Being curious, exploring, being social, and building character are crucial milestones for a child. It is our job to see it that way and to protect them from certain situations, as well as teach them the right’s and wrong’s of our world.
Positive youth development impacts every child in the world. Their environment, the people they see and interact with, the unexplained feelings and emotions they receive, the need for safety and belongingness. These factors all contribute to how a child will grow, how they will thrive, and how they will see themselves. In order to do our part and ensure a healthy and positive development for our youth, we have to provide them with positive feelings of love. If your child feels proud of a drawing they did or happy that they’ve made a friend, we have to reinforce that positive behavior and avoid criticism. This is important because a child will come to their mother or father when they want to show off something they are proud of or when they are looking for a supportive role model, not criticism or belittling.

media exposure

Media Exposure During Infancy
As you will learn after reading pp. 104-107 in your text, a great deal of research has been conducted on the effects of exposing infants to television and DVDs.
Some claim that watching TV can enhance cognitive development and promote education, while others indicate that early exposure can have a negative effect on babies’ attention span development.
Conduct additional research and discuss your thoughts. Based on your findings, would you recommend that parents and daycare providers allow infants access to television and movies? Explain why or why not.
Remember to cite your source(s) using APA style.

part 2 respond to two peers

peer1 After reading pages 104-107 and conducting my research, I would recommend that daycares and parents allow their infants to have access to television and movies, as long as they are monitoring how long they are allowing the children to watch tv and also what they child is watching. A study was conducted by Zimmerman where he surveyed, 1,009 parents who had children between the ages of 2 to 24 months. In this study that was conducted, the parents were asked to measure the amount of television or DVD’s were viewed by their children. According to the study, about 40% of infants watched tv on the regular by the age of 3 months old. The percentage was raised to 90% by the time they turned 2. Some of the reasons that these parents had their children watching television were often limited to them being able to distract the children while they either received “peace of mind” or looked to get something done. In this instance, I would not find allowing your child to watch television to be beneficial.However, I strongly believe that the issue is not allowing the child to watch tv. It is more important on what the child is watching and how long they are watching it. Being that the brain is in a very critical state between the tender ages of infancy up to 6. Everything that the child watches will be instilled into their subconscious mind. Allowing a child to sit in front of a television 9 hours out of a 24 hour day is extremely unhealthy. There should be a limit on how much television is being watched. They should also be monitored on what is being watched as well. For instance, a child who is watching Cocomelon for about an hour a day will learn their numbers, ABC’s and even colors. This is what I would call “healthy” television. Verses a child who is watching hungry Zombies eat and kill people for an hour a day. They both are watching the tv for a limited time but they are processing two completely different things in their subconscious. One is healthy and the other, not so much.Galotti, K. M. (2016). Cognitive Development: Infancy Through Adolescence. SAGE Publications.p

peers 2
The effects of the media (TV and DVDs) on children of different ages, is a topic that has generated a lot of debates and research. Many of them blame violent behavior on the exposure to tv programs or video games. Some studies establish a correlation between an increased risk in suicides and television or newspaper advertising suicides (Gould MS, 1988 cited in Pediatrics Child Health, 2003). However, other studies have also point out the learning benefits of tv programs like Sesame Street for instance, on toddlers. Researchers claimed that this educational program has taught valuable lessons on kindness, racial diversity tolerance, good manners, as well as helping children learn arithmetic, reading and so on (Huston et al., 2000, cited in Pediatrics Child Health, 2003). Obviously, the effects of the media on children can go either way, positive or negative. It is also evident that media play a predominant role in everybody’s life including infants.According to a survey conducted on 1009 parents, cited in our textbook, “by 3-month-old, about 40% of infants were already watching regularly either television, DVDs or videos” and this percentage kept increasing to reach 90% when the baby is 2 years old (Zimmerman et al., 2007, cited in Galotti, 2017). Whatever the reasons given by the parents to justify their infants’ exposure to media, they must pay attention to the content and nature of the program those babies are watching because there are many controversial studies about early exposure and brain development too. As illustrated in the textbook some authors think that certain DVDs improve children’s performance in some learning tasks (Greenough et al., 2007, cited in Galotti, 2017), while others claim that children retain more information when the person teaching them is live (Barr et al., cited in Galotti, 2017). Referring to a study about heavy media consumption and speech delays, the American Academy of Pediatrics has advised pediatrician to discourage media usage before the age of two (Galotti, 2017). More of those studies are based mostly on correlations between the child behavior and media exposure and further explorations on the topic are still going on. Therefore, parents should proceed with caution while dealing with their children’s mental and physical health. Even before I knew much about human cognitive development, I always thought that children risk to mimic adults or other children’s behavior they are seeing on TV. It is all about balance. More outdoors activities with real people should be encouraged by parents and daycare professionals, but 1 or 2 hours of pre-recorded educational programs could be integrated in their daily routine too. I used to make my children listen to classical music while they were sleeping because one of my teachers said it is beneficial to their brain’s development. At 21 months my older son was already enrolled to preschool and Montessori schools give plenty of homework. We used to watch Sesame Street or Thomas and Friends or Little Einstein. All these programs were educational but apparently, they no longer exist. As a mother of 2 boys, I was never interested on toys guns, or letting them watch westerns (Cowboys), or action movies, to refrain any violent impulse in them. Their young mind may confuse reality and virtuality which explains the increasing number of unintentional shootings by children, mostly in their home (Aftermath website, 2020).

Psychology Question

For this assignment, you will complete a writing self-assessment, reflect on results, and create a plan for improving your writing. Fundamental to the Capella Writing Standards are five core writing skills, known as the POETS writing skills:
P: Addressing assignment purpose.
O: Developing strong organization.
E: Citing appropriate evidence and following APA guidelines.
T: Using a scholarly tone.
S: Developing grammatically sound sentence structureInstructions
After using the Writing Self-Assessment and Improvement Plan media to complete this assignment.Respond to the questions in each section of the quiz: purpose, organization, evidence and APA, tone, and sentence structure. (which is already done)
View your results and choose two or three improvement areas to focus on in this project.
Read the example reflection and improvement plan and then draft your own. Be sure that your reflection and improvement plan are thoughtful, detailed, and represent steps you can take in the next several weeks to improve your writing.

Letter to a Parent from a Teacher

Draft a letter to a parent regarding one of the issues presented below.
You are to write a letter to a parent based on the following:
.Miguel’s family just emigrated from Juarez, Mexico. He speaks very little English, yet seems to be making a few friends. Cinco de Mayo is in two weeks and you thought that it would be a good idea to involve his family in culturally related class activities

Discussion question and response to one post

Chapt. 14: Cite 2 ways a person with Chronic Illness and Disability may experience loss and what kinds of client/family goals might be important to focus on in counseling?
AND please response to this post below!

3 hours ago, at 3:37 PM
A person with Chronic Illness and disability may experience loss of physical capacity, body image, and ability for sexual or intimate relationships, and a loss of mental capacity to make decisions independently. A person who becomes paralyzed due to a motor vehicle accident may experience loss of physical prowess that they experienced before the accident and it could affect their body image and sexual or intimate relationships. A person who experiences a traumatic brain injury from falling and hitting their head or another type of accident may lose mental capacity and not be able to make decisions and take care of themselves independently as they did prior to sustaining the injury. It is important in counseling to choose goals with clients and family members that relate to stability, progressive nature, episodic nature, degenerative nature, and periods of exacerbation and remission of the person’s Chronic Illness and Disability or CID. Empowering the individual by helping them to understand that they are people first and that their dis-ability doesn’t define them, and helping to bring meaning to their loss will help them find hope in different abilities. Family/support goal setting or a goal of finding a support system can help the person with feelings of isolation and loneliness.

Psy201 What does critically thinking mean?

Please be courteous and respectful in your post(s). Use proper grammar and remember to cite your source(s). Please use journals, articles, etc., if you use an outside source(s)
Please use your own words. Do not copy and paste from a website. Please be courteous and respectful in your posts. You do not need to respond to another classmate.
Please use your text book for information; however, if you use an outside source, cite the source but, do not Google to go to a website to find an answer. Use a journal, article, another book, etc. for outside sources.

Instructions Locate a film or book (popular fiction, not a psychology text or instructional/academic film) that illustrates one of

Instructions
Locate a film or book (popular fiction, not a psychology text or instructional/academic film) that illustrates one of the concepts we’re discussing this semester. For example, the film/book might depict situations that are relevant to the concepts of obedience, conformity, altruism, persuasion techniques, groupthink, interpersonal attraction, etc… Any topic discussed in our readings is fair game, but the concept needs to be clearly depicted in the source you chose.

For the purposes of this assignment, films/books that actually depict any of the classic experiments we’re discussing this semester (e.g., the recent film titled “Stanford Prison Experiment”) are explicitly not allowed. Work to “stretch” and use your critical thinking skills to determine whether your source is clearly related to a social psychology concept or not.

After referring to the film or reading the book, please use any of the following formats to report your observations: Power Point slides, narrated slideshow, or video diary (e.g., “vlog”). This assignment is not intended to be a formal writing assignment. Rather, the intent is to see you make connections between your readings and “real-life” situations as depicted in popular media sources and to express your thoughts succinctly and coherently. Be creative, but be sure that the reader/viewer is able to clearly discern that you can critique the film/book in a scholarly way as related to course material (e.g., don’t just give a “book report” in which you describe the plot of the movie/book).

You do have some leeway in terms of the length of your submission. But, please, try to be succinct. If you’re doing a PowerPoint submission or narrated slideshow, aim for no more than 10-12 slides and no more than 10 minutes maximum (less than this guideline is acceptable as long as all the below points are clearly and fully addressed). For video blog submissions, aim for less than 10 minutes. Research demonstrates that viewers begin to lose interest if instructional videos are longer than 10 minutes (less than this guideline is acceptable as long as all the below points are clearly and fully addressed).

In your submission (whether it be in written form via slides/PowerPoint or video form), please be sure to clearly address the following topics:

1. Describe which social psychology concept you are choosing (e.g., conformity, obedience, altruism, persuasion, etc…) and indicate how you see it manifested in the film/book you chose.

2. Describe the social psychology concept. What does it mean? How has it been studied in the field of social psychology? What have you learned about it this semester?

3. Briefly describe the film/book you chose (e.g., its plot, characters, themes, etc…). This descriiption does not need to be really lengthy (you don’t need to summarize the entire plot; hit the high points), but should be sufficient to demonstrate that you actually viewed the entire film or read the entire book.

4. Clearly describe how you feel the film/book you chose relates to the social psychology concept. If you chose altruism, for example, how do the characters in the film/book behave in a prosocial manner toward others? If you chose group think, how did the characters get caught in a situation that resulted in a group think mentality?

5. Finally, take time to ensure that your finished product is polished (no grammatical/spelling errors in written work, no grammatical issues or unclear language in video submissions), flows well, and looks professional. While you aren’t expected to submit Spielberg-quality films, your submission should be at least as professional-appearing as reasonable videos seen on YouTube or PowerPoint presentations made in a work setting.