Testing a Manufacturer’s MPG Claim: Part 2 Mathematics Assignment Help

Testing a Manufacturer’s MPG Claim: Part 2 Mathematics Assignment Help. Testing a Manufacturer’s MPG Claim: Part 2 Mathematics Assignment Help.


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Note: Last week, you submitted Part 1 of this Assignment. This week, you will complete and submit only Part 2 (including the Conclusion).

Companies often develop and test hypotheses about their products. For example, car manufacturers will test their cars to determine fuel efficiency and miles per gallon. To ensure that products are safe and that they perform as advertised, regulatory and consumer protection groups also test companies’ claims.

For this Assignment, you are working at a firm that conducts independent testing for heavy industry. Recently, an automobile manufacturer has been in the news for complaints about the highway gas mileage of their latest model minivan. You receive a contract from a consumer action group to test and write a report on the company’s claim that its minivans get 28 miles per gallon on the highway. The car company agrees to allow you to select randomly 35 low-mileage fleet minivans to test their highway mileage. Your test results gave you the following data:

29.7 24.5 27.1 29.8 29.2 27.0 27.8 24.1 29.3

25.9 26.2 24.5 32.8 26.8 27.8 24.0 23.6 29.2

26.5 27.7 27.1 23.7 24.1 27.2 25.9 26.7 27.8

27.3 27.6 22.8 25.3 26.6 26.4 27.1 26.1

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to your Week 4 Assignment in order to complete the Conclusion section of this Assignment.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit Part 2 of your report (including the Conclusion) according to the following prompts.

Part 2: Hypothesis Testing: Two-Tail Test and One-Tail Test

Complete the following and include your results and responses in your report (use alpha = 0.05):

  • List the null and alternative hypotheses for the two-tail test for the mean. Calculate the observed value of the test statistic and the associated p-value. (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)
    • Is the observed test statistic in the critical region? Is the p-value higher or lower than your alpha? (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)
    • Note: Include your calculations. If your calculations are submitted separately, make note of where they can be found.
  • List the null and alternative hypotheses for the one-tail test of the mean. Calculate the observed value of the test statistic and the associated p-value. (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)
    • Is the observed test statistic in the critical region? Will the p-value be higher or lower than your alpha? (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)
    • Note: Include your calculations. If your calculations are submitted separately, make note of where they can be found.
Conclusions

In your report, use the confidence interval information and the results of the hypothesis testing to provide support for your conclusions and recommendations to the company. Specifically:

  • What conclusions did you reach? What did you learn about the situation by using each method? Did one method offer more conclusive proof than another? (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)
  • Based on your results, do you support the company’s claim that their minivans get 28 miles per gallon? (75 words, or 1 paragraph)
  • Summarize the details of your test methods and the results from each statistical method you used. Explain the findings so that executives from both the agency and the company can understand your conclusion. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)
  • Finally, present recommendations for actions that the company might take to use your findings to better serve their customers in the future. (75 words, or 1 paragraph)

Note: If applicable, include any files that show your calculations. Make sure that the file naming matches what you have referenced in the report.

Testing a Manufacturer’s MPG Claim: Part 2 Mathematics Assignment Help[supanova_question]

Module 3 Assignment A Professional & Technical Writing Writing Assignment Help

Instructions

This assignment will require you to upload two different documents, both in .doc or .docx formats. Your formatting is very important for this assignment.

Step 1: Select your topic for your business letter and type it. You will need to choose two topics from this list for this assignment, as you are going to write two letters in different formats.

Each letter should be professional in tone and appearance, demonstrate careful thought and intelligence, sound compelling and sensitive to the writing context, make use of careful word choice, grammar, and punctuation, and relay a complexity and sophistication in ideas and appeal. Your letters must be substantive and persuasive. A minimum of 250 words per letter (apart from the heading, salutation, and closing) is required.
  • You can use this assignment to write the letter of transmittal for your final report (please see the final report assignment and review examples if you choose this option). Keep in mind that your content will likely need to change and be updated after you have completed all of your research. However, it certainly gives you a place to start!
  • Write a collection letter to an individual from your company or a made-up company. Your collection letter should include the following: how much debt is owed, the individual’s options regarding this debt, the nature of the situation, etc.
  • Write a letter of commendation or recommendation for a colleague to your supervisor supporting a promotion in rank and salary for this person. Include specific information as to why this person should be granted this opportunity.
  • Write a sales letter to a potential client asking for a meeting, a follow-up visit, or explaining the newest product or service you offer. The sales letter will need to be informative and persuasive!
  • Write a letter where you have to deliver bad news to an individual either within your company or outside of your company. You can create the scenario (i.e. termination, lack of qualifications, turn down business, etc.).

Step 2: Format Letter #1 in full-block format.

  • Format your first letter using the full-block format. You should not use an existing template, but you are free to create your own “letterhead.” If not, be sure to follow all of the formatting guidelines of full-block format.
  • Upload your letter in full-block format as an attachment.
  • Be sure to label your attachment with the type of format used and the option selected (e.g. Transmittal_FullBlock_Name).

Step 3: Format Letter #2 in modified or semi-block format.

  • Format your letter using either the modified-block or semi-block format. For this, you will not use a letterhead of any type and will follow the directions and examples presented in your module.
  • Upload your letter as an attachment.
  • Be sure to label your attachment with the type of format used (e.g. Collection_SemiBlock_Name).

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Unsolicited Internal Informal Proposal 1 PAGE Business Finance Assignment Help

Pretend you are working for a company (a real company of your choice) and that you need to write an unsolicited internal informal proposal requesting funding from your supervisor for traveling to a major professional meeting in your area of expertise. Write the proposal using the guidelines present in our book and discussed in the lecture As you write, consider (for thought, not for answering) the following questions: What kinds of information will you need to include? What arguments might your supervisors or management find convincing? What kinds of objections might you need to overcome? Again, keep in mind everything discussed in the lecture and in your book: problem/purpose, reasons for going, budget, personnel, and so forth.

You should upload your proposal as an attachment. Do not write it in the text box.

This assignment will be graded using the Seven Traits rubric.

let me know if you have questions

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300 Words Response Humanities Assignment Help

After the presenters have posted their statements pro and con and their rebuttals to each other for Debate 10.3 , classmates are required to write a paragraph response. First, before reading the debate, note if you are for or against the statement (before reading the debate, do you agree more with the pro or con position?). Then note if your position changed or remained the same after you read the debate (after reading the debate, do you agree more with the pro or con position?) Give any insights on the debate or debate topic.

Debate 10.3:

Debate 10.3 Second Group Presentation on The Omnivore’s Dilemma (304-363, 391-411 (end)

Presenters for this Debate: Viola Lee and Richeline Angesti

  1. On this discussion board, the presenters on this section of The Omnivore’s Dilemma will post their presentation and discussion questions for the class, by Sun. 10/27. Presenters, or I, will post the statement, or proposition, that they have chosen to work on. Each presenter will post the equivalent of 1.5 pages on their position, labelled “pro” (for) or “con” against their chosen statement. After reading their opponent’s statement, the presenters should post their rebuttal (response to; attempt to argue against) their opponent’s presentation and a discussion question for the class, labelled “rebuttal and discussion question”.
  1. Students, you are required to write a paragraph response to debate 10.3 and send it to the debate 10.3 classmate responses by Tues. 11/5 (note extra days due to the midterm). First, before reading the debate, note if you are for or against the statement. Then note if your position changed or remained the same after you read the debate. Give any insights on the debate or debate topic.
  1. After I read students’ paragraph responses to the debate, I’ll send out a summary.
  1. Presenters, after I send out the summary, send a paragraph about your experience doing the debate and my summary to debate 10.3 classmate responses. This will be due a week after I send you the summary, so your response won’t be counted as late.

CON POST:

Eating Meat has become Morally Problematic

Con

Meat has become a part of modern livelihood, with billions of people eating meat daily. Many moral arguments have emerged with vegetarians using the reasons for not hurting animals to justify their point. At a glance, the rationale offered by advocates of the argument seems justifiable. However, people should also pose and ask themselves the reasons as to why animals have remained in the global food web. The arguments have evoked a dilemma, with some advocating the eating of herbivores and omnivores. However, I intend to argue that eating meat should not be a moral problem.

My first advantage is that humans are a part of the food chain cycle, animals eating animals is a fact of life and always has been, it’s the food chain at work. I acknowledge the proponents may counter my position by arguing that animals are capable of feeling pain. However, I consider this as an individual perception rather than a moral issue. Morality can only be objectively defined for oneself. To say that the lives of animals are equal to or greater than the lives of humans is a completely subjective matter of opinion. The philosopher Daniel Dennett makes the distinction between pain and suffering. From my standpoint, I do not consider animals capable of suffering, which is associated with the degree of self-consciousness. If the problem with eating meat is “the fact of killing that these people most object to” (Pollan, 305), then killing a mosquito would be considered the same offense.

The nutritional value of meat also supports my perspective. Animals offer a rich source of proteins that may not be available in plant-based diets. Therefore, eating meat is not only about its appealing taste but also about its nutrition value. For example, vitamin B12 can only be derived from foods of animal origin. Therefore, the moral argument against eating meat among vegans may deny them the crucial nutrients. A Harvard biological anthropologist, Richard Wranngham, convincingly suggests that consuming calorie-dense food grew our brains, gave our ancestors the health needed to spread their genes, and for us to socialize which led to small societies that could organize and protect themselves. The main source of this calorie-dense food was meat.

I believe that eating meat should not be a moral problem. I do not object to the concerns that scientists and philosophers have raised regarding the morality of eating meat. However, I believe that this should be more of an individual choice. Animals eating animals is part of the food chain cycle. Our ethical duty lies in eating meat in healthful proportions. Additionally, animals are a rich source of proteins that may not be derived from plant-based foods.

Works Cited:

Urban, Tim. “Is It Ethical to Eat Meat?” Wait But Why, 8 Oct. 2019, https://waitbutwhy.com/table/is-it-ethical-to-eat-meat.Links to an external site.

reply from pro:

Rebuttal

To counter your rebuttal, yes, I do believe that meat is one main issue for the health crisis in America. As mentioned in Omnivore’s Dilemma, the amount of processed food and meat has drastically increased in the past century due to the cheap prices. However, as I mentioned in my argument, these are very unhealthy food that use various kinds of preservatives to prolong their expiry dates. The World Health Organization also confirmed that meat like bacon, hot dogs and other processed meat can lead to cancer. Nevertheless, the Los Angeles Times released an article stating that a group of 22 scientists has classified red meat as “probably carcinogenic”, which puts it in the same category as lead compounds, asbestos, tobacco smoke, formaldehyde, and insecticide malathion. In 2013, The Who’s cancer experts also found 16 types of cancer at risk from eating meat.

Works Cited:

Healy, Melissa. “Hot dogs, bacon and other processed meats increase risk of cancer, scientists say.” The Los Angeles Times. 2015. Web. https://www.latimes.com/science/la-sci-meat-dangers-20151027-story.html (Links to an external site.)

Question:

The Question I would like to address and is most curious about is whether not eating meat for the rest of your life would affect an individual that much?

PRO POST:

Eating meat has become morally problematic

Pro

Nutrition and diet are not what they used to be any more in America. Now, more than ever, people are more confused and choosy about what they eat. This food dilemma spurs from the ever-changing food trends that have rocked America since the 70s. Each of the diet trends that have influenced feeding habits in America from the late 20th century have all come with their own divergent ideas on what is healthy to eat and what is not. Perhaps the most prominent debate on nutrition from the late 70s up to the 21st century has been whether meat is a healthy dietary inclusion. Several cultural, scientific, economic and political ideologies have driven this dilemma and to date, no clear dietary consensus exists yet. This piece plays devil’s advocate and corroborates that eating meat has indeed become morally problematic now more than any other point in the history of humankind.

The prime reason as to why eating meat has become morally problematic is mainly due to the health risks and meager nutritional benefits that America’s fancied marbled meat is increasingly being associated with. Most of America’s meat comes from the industrial food complex which relies on meat from livestock reared in feedlots and force fed on corn based diets (Pollan 70). This corn is grown in the prairies and the farmers heavily use inorganic fertilizers and pesticides to maximize productivity. Cattle and other livestock that are fed with this corn often become sick since their digestive tracts are not genetically programmed to thrive solely on corn diets. To treat these animals, various antibiotics are used and these trickle into their meat significantly affecting not only their nutritional benefits, but overall taste as well (Pollan 78). Popular studies have shown that the prolonged consumption of such meat has been proved to increase resistance to antibiotics in many Americans; consequently, offsetting a health crisis (Centner 1089). Likewise, the general nutritional benefits expected from this meat is also way below that of meat from free range (grazing) livestock fed with organic diets.

The colossal amount of damage to the environment that occurs just to produce enough meat to feed the nation is also a chief reason as to why eating meat is morally problematic. As intimated earlier, most American meat comes from livestock reared in feedlots under corn diets strictly. This corn is grown using numerous chemical fertilizers and pesticides to increase productivity per square foot of farmland. The unnatural practice of growing only one crop combined with chemical usage, ultimately kills all other plants and natural organisms in the cornfields that are crucial to maintaining ecological balance (Pollan 80). Additionally, the manufacture of these harmful farm chemical apparatuses uses huge quantities of the fossil fuels which also contribute to further environmental degradation.

Lastly, another prominent reason why meat eating has become morally problematic is due to the fact that the food industry is now based on the economic goals of the food manufacturers rather than the well-being of consumers, the planet or animals. This is the reason why the concept of organic food has degraded as the food industrial complex burgeons. As the demand for organic food shot up in the early 21st century, many organic farms scaled up and compromised on their ecological virtues to meet demand (Clapp 341). This ruined the nutritious quality of the food and degraded it to become almost as void as commercially produced food. As such, products from chains such as Whole Foods (who claim to stock only organic foodstuffs) may not entirely adhere to the virtues of real organic farming.

Overall, considering the health and environmental risks involved, it goes without saying that it is impossible to feed and sustain the entire nation on food from the industrial complex (meat included). This is regardless of how easy, quick, and cheap they are to produce. What people eat is the most direct contact they have with their environment and as such what people consume usually has way more far reaching consequences to them than just a healthy heart or the right weight. Eating meat seems to affect the environment more than it does to humans, and as such, it is morally problematic to continue to do so knowing the detriment it is causing.

Works Cited

Centner, Terence J. “Efforts to slacken antibiotic resistance: Labeling meat products from animals raised without antibiotics in the United States.” Science of the Total Environment 563 (2016): 1088-1094.

Clapp, Jennifer. “The trade-ification of the food sustainability agenda.” The Journal of Peasant Studies 44.2 (2017): 335-353.

Pollan, Michael. The omnivore’s dilemma: A natural history of four meals. Penguin, 2006.

REPLY FROM CON:

Rebuttal and Question

Rebuttal:

You brought up some good points in your statement, for instance, you mentioned that the livestock is fed corn-based diets which could be unhealthy for humans. However, I believe the question of this debate is directed towards whether eating meat is morally problematic, hence you are insisting that as long as we feed the livestock nutritious diets or hunt animals from the wild, eating meat is not morally problematic. To counter your argument, I do not agree that the consumption of meat has caused Americans to an offsetting health crisis or meager their nutritional benefit. Meat consumption is blamed for high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, and obesity. For more than two million years humans were primarily meat-eaters, the human diet only shifted in the last 10,000 years with the cultivation of grains and legumes. In the last 10,000 years, humans have gotten smaller in stature and brain size. With a heavy grain- and sugar-based diet, we are suffering increased rates of obesity, cancer, diabetes, and osteoporosis. Thus, it is right to argue that sugar is the main culprit causing Americans to an offsetting health crisis. The fats and high protein content provided from meat help keep blood sugar levels stable. There are many nutrients in meat that are critical to overall health, and while there are many sources of protein, meat is a great source of complete protein. Meat contains all the amino acids that our bodies need, including the ones our bodies cannot produce. Vitamin B-12 can only be found in animal sources and all the B vitamins are critical to health, especially mental health. The deficit in vitamin B can cause confusion, impaired senses, aggression, insomnia, weakness, dementia, and peripheral neuropathy. Plant-based foods can suffice when it comes to daily nutritional needs, humans will experience vitamin deficiencies and suffering decreased brain volume, fatigue, and confusion. Hence, the consumption of meat is required to complete our nutritional diet.

Discussion Question:

The question that I would like to address is whether you think meat is the main cause of American’s offsetting health crisis.

Works Cited:

Araki, Kadya. “Why All Humans Need to Eat Meat for Health.” Breaking Muscle, 26 Sept. 2018, https://breakingmuscle.com/healthy-eating/why-all-humans-need-to-eat-meat-for-health.

REPLY FROM PRO:

Rebuttal

To counter your rebuttal, yes, I do believe that meat is one main issue for the health crisis in America. As mentioned in Omnivore’s Dilemma, the amount of processed food and meat has drastically increased in the past century due to the cheap prices. However, as I mentioned in my argument, these are very unhealthy food that use various kinds of preservatives to prolong their expiry dates. The World Health Organization also confirmed that meat like bacon, hot dogs and other processed meat can lead to cancer. Nevertheless, the Los Angeles Times released an article stating that a group of 22 scientists has classified red meat as “probably carcinogenic”, which puts it in the same category as lead compounds, asbestos, tobacco smoke, formaldehyde, and insecticide malathion. In 2013, The Who’s cancer experts also found 16 types of cancer at risk from eating meat.

Works Cited:

Healy, Melissa. “Hot dogs, bacon and other processed meats increase risk of cancer, scientists say.” The Los Angeles Times. 2015. Web. https://www.latimes.com/science/la-sci-meat-dangers-20151027-story.html (Links to an external site.)

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300 Words Response Humanities Assignment Help

After the presenters have posted their statements pro and con and their rebuttals to each other for Debate 10.2 , classmates are required to write a paragraph response. First, before reading the debate, note if you are for or against the statement (before reading the debate, do you agree more with the pro or con position?). Then note if your position changed or remained the same after you read the debate (after reading the debate, do you agree more with the pro or con position?) Give any insights on the debate or debate topic.

Debate 10.2 First Group Presentation on The Omnivore’s Dilemma (304-363)

Presenters for this Debate: Hiroki Mase and Fuyuki Kobayashi

  1. On this discussion board, the presenters on this section of The Omnivore’s Dilemma will post their presentation and discussion questions for the class, by Sun. 10/27. Presenters, or I, will post the statement, or proposition, that they have chosen to work on. Each presenter will post the equivalent of 1.5 pages on their position, labelled “pro” (for) or “con” against their chosen statement. After reading their opponent’s statement, the presenters should post their rebuttal (response to; attempt to argue against) their opponent’s presentation and a discussion question for the class, labelled “rebuttal and discussion question”.
  1. Students, you are required to write a paragraph response to debate 10.2 and send it to the debate 10.2 classmate responses by Tues. 11/5 (note additional days due to the midterm). First, before reading the debate, note if you are for or against the statement. Then note if your position changed or remained the same after you read the debate. Give any insights on the debate or debate topic.
  1. After I read students’ paragraph responses to the debate, I’ll send out a summary.
  1. Presenters, after I send out the summary, send a paragraph about your experience doing the debate and my summary to debate 10.2 classmate responses. This will be a week after I send you the summary, so your response won’t be counted as late.

Debate 10.2:

Topic: While eating meat is not required, it is natural in that it has played an important part in human evolution (314). PRO

Before starting, I want to say that I am not vegetarian. In the book The Omnivore’s Dilemma, Pollan describes him as vegetarian but not vegan (Pollan 313). Pollan describes him being less socialize because vegetarians are still a minority. In addition, he said that he also feels “alienated from traditions”(314).

Human has evolved in many ways by eating meat: teeth and brain. I am currently taking Biological Anthropology in DVC and carnivore has canine teeth but herbivore has flat teeth to eat grasses. Human has both teeth because we are an omnivore. According to Pollan, he said that “Meat eating helped make us what we are in a physical as well as a social sense. Under the pressure of the hunt, anthropologists tell us, the human brain grew in size and complexity, and around the hearth where the spoils of the hunt were cooked and then apportioned, human culture first flourished” (314). We all have bigger brain capacity because our ancestors started hunting, using tools to cut meat, and cooking meat. In addition, our ancestors will not be able to evolve our brains without eating meat. According to TIME,” A brain is a very nutritionally demanding organ, and if you want to grow a big one, eating at least some meat will provide you far more calories with far less effort than a meatless menu will”(Kluger). The brain needs energy and we produce energy by eating and digesting food. Nowadays we have protein but at that time, there wasn’t any substitute for gaining protein and meat was the only choice for our ancestors. Australopithecus first started this diet about 2.6 million years ago (Kluger). At that time, it would be much easier to become an herbivore because vegetable does not move (Kluger). However, a vegetable like a potato was hard and not calorie-dense. On the other hand, meat was easy to chew(by slicing, pounding or flaking) and had high calories (Kluger). According to TIME, Zink and Lieberman who are evolutionary biologists at Harvard University did an experiment and found out that “it required from 39% to 46% less force to chew and swallow processed meat than processed root foods.” Our ancestors got more free extra time and cranial capacity by eating meat.

In conclusion, I feel that vegetarian people are less socialize because they have to choose a meal. In addition, eating meat played a huge role in evolving because it saved energy to chew, gave extra free time, and gave brain capacity. People did not have any substitute for meat and because of the meat, our ancestors were able to evolve to homo sapience. Hence, I think “while eating meat is not required, it is natural in that it has played an important part in human evolution.”

Works Cited

Kluger, Jeffrey. “Sorry Vegans: Here’s How Meat-Eating Made Us Human.” Time, Time, 9

Mar. 2016, https://time.com/4252373/meat-eating-veganism-evolution/ (Links to an external site.).

Pollan, Michael. The Omnivores Dilemma: a Natural History of Four Meals. Penguin Press,

2016.

Reply from CON:

Rebuttal and Question

Rebuttal:

In his article, he states that humanity has evolved in many ways by eating meat which is easy to digest and chew. The pressure of hunting improved the human brain, and human culture flourished around the hearth where they did the exchange of the spoils of the hunt. But today, a completely different environment from prehistoric times, eating meat no longer has the adaptive advantage that once was important for humans because there are, for instance, a mixer that makes it easy to eat vegetables and a protein bar that you can eat anytime. In addition, as I mentioned in my article, stating an idea based on very different things than our common sense, such as past events and events which frequently happen in nature, would lead to drawing wrong conclusions. For example, plenty of dogs are eaten a year in China, while dogs are treated like families in the United States. In the United States, millions of cattle are killed each year, but in India, even if only one cow is killed, it becomes a criminal. Like this, not only in the past but also in the present, humanity has large different common senses. Because it is natural that recent common sense is different than the past, it is wrong to conclude that meat-eating is natural just because it has been important to humanity in the past. Eating meat is not wrong, but in the present age when the inevitability of eating meat has disappeared, carnivorous is just one of the many options, and it is by no means a natural choice for us, recent humans.

Question:

If past humanity did not have a meat-eating culture, what do you think about how humanity has evolved?

CON post :

Debate 10.2: Choice 3. While eating meat is not required, it is natural in that it has played an important part in human evolution (314).

Con.

I do not think that meat-eating is natural in that it has played an important part in human evolution. Some studies state that eating meat is an essential element for us, one of the species. Certainly, scientific research says that early humanity developed their brains with high density and complex nerves by consuming meat. However, a fact that meat was essential for human development on evolutionary history does not mean that the fact obligates us to eat meat for moral and physical reasons. The reason why carnivorous was an advantage for developing was that our ancestors were able to save energy and time by eating meat than eating root vegetables like sweet potatoes, potatoes, and carrots. In the ancient days when humans and animals fought for survival, time and energy were precious sources and reducing their consumption improved human viability. However, there are no those advantages which humans were able to obtain by eating meat in recent days when it is a completely different environment than past days. Our survival as a species no longer depends on carnivorous.

In addition, it is weird to justify carnivorous compared to the human evolutionary process and other animals. Carnivorous is natural in that it has played an important part in human evolution, or some people say that it is natural in that natural animals do so. However, this justification is a classic example of a “naturalistic fallacy” or “appeal to nature” as described in textbooks. “The naturalistic fallacy is an informal logical fallacy which argues that if something is ‘natural’ it must be good. It is closely related to the is/ought fallacy – when someone tries to infer what ‘ought’ to be done from what ‘is’” (THE ETHICS CENTRE).

“An appeal to nature is an argument or rhetorical tactic in which it is proposed that “a thing is good because it is ‘natural’, or bad because it is ‘unnatural'”. It is generally considered to be a bad argument because the implicit (unstated) primary premise “What is natural is good” is typically irrelevant, having no cogent meaning in practice, or is an opinion instead of a fact. In some philosophical frameworks where natural and good are clearly defined within a specific context, the appeal to nature might be valid and cogent.” (Wikipedia).

The fact that a thing happens frequently in nature does not mean that it is moral in human society. Stating an idea based on very different things than our common sense, such as past events and events which frequently happen in nature, would lead to drawing wrong conclusions. Although rape and infant killing are frequent in the animal world, no people would argue that humans should mimic such natural behavior.

In summary, I do not think that “While eating meat is not required, it is natural in that it has played an important part in human evolution”. Carnivorous that once was essential for us to survive in harsh environments in terms of saving time and energy to eat and digest is now not so important element to live a life in a recent world where there is no life crisis due to wasted time. It also does not make sense to develop a discussion by comparing the human race with other animals or comparing the past with the present. Our survival as a species does not need to depend on carnivorous.

Works Cited

“Appeal to Nature.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Oct. 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_to_nature (Links to an external site.).

Centre The Ethics Centre, and Ethics Centre. “What Is a Naturalistic Fallacy? The Ethics Centre Article.” THE ETHICS CENTRE, 12 Dec. 2018, https://ethics.org.au/ethics-explainer-naturalistic-fallacy/.

Gander, Kashmira. “This Is Why We Pet Dogs, Eat Pigs and Wear Cows.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 6 Sept. 2017, https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/food-and-drink/carnism-why-love-dogs-eat-pigs-wear-cows-leather-pork-dr-melanie-joy-vegan-psychology-a7932621.html.

Reply from PRO:

Hi, Fuyuki, Thank you for the post. You wrote “Certainly, scientific research says that early humanity developed their brains with high density and complex nerves by consuming meat,” and I thought that this statement shows that you agree with the idea that our ancestors evolved because of eating meat. You also explained why eating meat played an important role. I got that your statement is nowadays people do not have to rely on meat anymore. However, still vegetarian are a minority and most of us consume some kind of animal. According to Pollan, he said he was vegetarian but he said how inconvenient to live in a society without eating meat (314). You also stated that it “does not make sense to develop a discussion by comparing the human race with other animals or comparing the past with the present.” I think eating meat is ethical because this is how the food chain works. What I studied in my anthropology class, according to Darwin, he stated that “not everything survives,” in the natural selection. Eating both meat and vegetable is how we survived this harsh environment. You also said, “Although rape and infant killing are frequent in the animal world, no people would argue that humans should mimic such natural behavior.” I think this is off the topic because we kill the animal but we eat it. In addition, we did not try to mimic animals. It was our basic instinct and part of how humans evolved.

You stated that eating meat is no longer needed but I think it is needed. I want to ask you where to get nutrients from. For instance, Vitamin B12 can be only taken by eating meat. I want to know how you are going to cover all the nutrients.

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I need the powerpoint. to be completed Mathematics Assignment Help

Research Topic: (Barriers to Naturalization for green-cardholders in the United States virgin islands who desire to naturalize)

I will be focusing on persons who have their green cards for 5-10 year green-card holders and would not naturalize. find out what their barriers are. perhaps education, low income etc.

Some of the questions i will be asking will be (what are the reasons people do not naturalize, and what are most common barriers. Have you applied, do you want to naturalize, what is preventing you from naturalizing)

The purpose of this study is to explore the different barriers to green card naturalization that make immigrants in the United States Virgin Islands to keep their green cards as they are rather than naturalizing them to gain permanent American citizenship. The study will be conducted through the use of interviews and questionnaires, with its main goal being to increase the amount of knowledge on the existing as well as the emerging barriers to green card naturalization that Caribbean immigrants in the US Virgin Islands face on a daily basis whenever they attempt to acquire permanent American citizenship through naturalization.

I am going to be investigating a population of green card holders from the US Virgin Islands. The participants will come from the Virgin Islands because most of the population in these regions consist of green card holders looking to achieve permanent US citizenship after the naturalization of their green cards (“United States Virgin Islands – Citizenship, Emigration, Immigration & Nationality,” 2018). The participant age range will be between 18-60 years. They will include different ethnicities, especially the immigrants, who don’t have English as their primary language, with a middle class economic status and a high school education level; and have moved to the US Virgin Islands from their home countries seeking permanent residence and US citizenship. Those immigrants who have English as their primary language and higher education levels will be left out because they might have lived in the US for more than five years, achieved enough education to climb the economic ladder and therefore avoid some of the major barriers to Green Cards naturalization.

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Temple University HR Management Rating Scales for Task Statements Project Business Finance Assignment Help

I need you to edit the paper based on the feedback provided.
Below are the project instructions, please read it carefully to have an idea
what it is about. Feel free to add or change anything a if you feel like it
will make the project better.

______________________________________________________________________________________

Project Overview

This a three-part project. The first part of this project entails completion of a comprehensive job analysis. Job analysis is the backbone of all HR systems. You will pick a job (e.g., entry-level IT analyst). After you choose a job, you will identify someone who currently holds that job and interview them to learn about the duties performed in their job, as well as the knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOs) required to perform the job. (More details on the job analysis are below). After completion of the job analysis portion you will EITHER devise a plan to recruit people for this specific job OR devise a selection system that would help select well-qualified people for this job – based on the information you gathered during your job analysis (details below). Next, you will develop EITHER a training OR a compensation plan based on the job analysis information you gathered.

Thus, your project will have three core components: 1) a thorough job analysis, 2) recruitment or selection system and 3) training or compensation plan. Appendices and supplemental materials will be attached to the back of your core document.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

COMPONENT 1: Job Analysis Recommended completion

The purpose of the job analysis portion of the assignment is to introduce you to a process for determining the key requirements an individual should have to be a successful performer in a particular role or job within a specific organizational context. This component of the project will have two major sections:

1) Context and Process (2-3pgs): Background information on the organization in which this job is done should be provided. Be sure to include a description of the organization (mission, vision, values), how the job is aligned with the organization’s strategic goals, and the process you used to formulate the final job description.

2) Job Description (~1pg): Based on your interview(s) and research create a job description for this job (see example on Blackboard: Job Analysis Questionnaire).

Successful completion of the job analysis component will require the following steps (steps do not necessarily need to progress in this order):

1. Choose a job: Consider choosing a job in which you and your partners will have access to an incumbent or manager of that job (preferably both) so that you can obtain detailed job analysis information through interviews.

2. Create a job analysis interview: Use the Job Analysis Questionnaire (found on Canvas) as a starting point for your job analysis interview. You may supplement this questionnaire with other questions, as appropriate, based on the position itself. You may also find (https://www.onetonline.org/) helpful for developing questions prior to conducting your job analysis interview. Note: Do not ask the subject matter experts about their salary/wage or other sensitive information.

3. Interview: You must interview at least one “job expert” and submit contact information (name, job title, phone number) for the person you interview. Take detailed notes, as you must submit these interview notes with your paper. Seek as much detail about the knowledge, skill, and ability requirements as possible. The interviews should be conducted in person. You may choose a job from an organization you work for but do not choose your job. Choosing a job to which you will have access as well as a job that interests you may be a good strategy.

4. Describe the context: Once the job has been determined, investigate the context in which this job exists. Research the organization’s strategy, purpose, mission, vision, etc. Describe how this job fits into the broader departmental and organizational short and long-term strategies. A significant section of the job analysis should be devoted to this topic.

5. Conduct research: Research outside sources of job analysis information (e.g., O*NET website: http://online.onetcenter.org,), in addition to O*NET, acceptable supplemental sources would be: job diaries from incumbents, job shadowing and keeping an extensive log of your observations, SME panels, documents from the organization (training manuals etc) and incorporate this information into your job analysis paper. Websites, wikipedia, and your personal knowledge with the job are not acceptable sources. If you have questions about sources, please see me! Please see supplemental materials on posted on Canvas for more guidance. Note, you may want to conduct research about the job prior to the job analysis interview.

6. Describe the process: you used to gather the job analysis information. For example, describe the sources you used, a step-by-step description of how you gathered information, what you found, and how you incorporated in your final job description (see below).

7. Write the job description: Write a job description based on the results of your job analysis interview. Follow instructions and guidelines listed on Blackboard. NOTE: Be as thorough as possible. Your final job analysis paper must be typed and should be 3-4 pages in length, double-spaced, 12 point, and Times New Roman font. Note, the actual job description should not be double-spaced and should generally follow the format illustrated in the example job description. Along with your job analysis paper, turn in all working documents and source material used to create the job description (e.g., interview notes, outside sources). Interview notes and supplemental materials should be attached to the back of your final document in an appendix (these materials do not count against your page limit).

____________________________________________________________________________________________

COMPONENT 2: Recruitment OR Selection System Development

Decide whether you would like to develop recruitment or a selection system. Below is the information that would be included in each of the components. Note: Only complete either a 3 recruitment or a selection system do not do both. Please consult the course textbook and scholarly articles cited in the textbook for guidance on how to develop a valid recruitment or selection system. The deliverable for this step should be about 3 pages in length.

Option A: Recruitment.

Using the information gathered during job analysis take the role of an HR professional charged with recruiting for this job. Describe in detail your strategy for attracting a large number of well-qualified candidates. Included in this at a minimum you should be addressing the following issues:

* Who are you going recruit? Why? Justify your strategy.

* here are you going to recruit? (Internal vs. External, and if External, where exactly, e.g., college campuses, Internet). Why? Justify your strategy.

* What methods are you going to use to advertise? Why? Justify your strategy.

*What information will be conveyed to applicants about the opening? Why? Justify your strategy.

*Are there any ethical/legal issues that should be considered?

Option B: Selection.

Using the information gathered during the job analysis take the role of an HR professional charged with selecting employees for this job. Describe in detail your strategy for selecting the best person or persons for this job. Included in this at a minimum you should be addressing the following issues:

* Review potential selection tools/methods for selecting candidates for this position.

o Describe at least 3 potential tools/methods that could be used to select candidates into this job. Be sure to describe the costs and benefits for using each of these tools/methods given what we know about these tools/methods. Note, you do not actually have to use all of these tools/methods in your actual selection strategy.

* Based on the information you gathered about the job and organization clearly and comprehensively describe the selection system/strategy you would pursue. Why? Justify your strategy. (Be sure to make your selection strategy practical).

* Are there any ethical/legal issues that should be considered?

____________________________________________________________________________________________

COMPONENT 3: Training OR Compensation System Development

Decide whether you would like to develop a training or a compensation system. Below is the information that would be included in each of the components. Again, make use of the information in the textbook and citations to scholarly articles cited in the textbook to develop a valid training or compensation system. Note: Only complete either a training or a compensation system (do not do both). The deliverable for this step should be about 3 pages in length.

Option A: Training.

Using the information gathered during the job analysis take the role of an HR professional charged with training employees for this job. Describe in detail your strategy for training the employees for this job. Included in this at a minimum you should be addressing the following issues:

* What will be the focus of the training program? Why? Justify your choices.

* Clearly and comprehensively describe your training program. For instance, what method(s) will you use to train? (Be sure to make your program practical). Justify why you are advocating the particular training system you describe.

* How will you ensure transfer of training?

* How will you evaluate training to ensure it is effective and not a waste of organizational resources? Be sure to explain.


Option B: Compensation.

Using the information gathered during the job analysis take the role of an HR profession charged with developing an incentive plan for this job. Describe in detail your compensation/incentive plan for this job. Included in this at a minimum you should be addressing the following issues:

* Review a variety of possible incentives that could be used for this job. You may consider financial and nonfinancial incentives.

* Clearly and comprehensively describe what specific incentives you would recommend for this job that would be helpful for recruiting, motivating, and retaining employees (and would be practical for the organization you selected). You must include at least two different incentives in your incentive plan. Be sure to justify your decisions.

* How would you determine the salary/wage for this job? Again, DO NOT ask your subject matter experts about salary/wage or other sensitive information.

* Based on what you know about this job, do you think this would be an exempt or non-exempt position? What, if any, implications does this have for your incentive plan?

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Project Specifications and Notes :

The entire document should be double-spaced, 12pt font, Times-New Roman. Staple or otherwise be sure that all pages are attached to one another (do not simply fold pages over). Place any appendices (e.g., interview notes) or supplemental materials in an Appendix section located after your primary document.

Be concise, thorough, and clear throughout your paper. For instance, your job description should be a unique work product taking into consideration the context of the particular job you are analyzing, not something directly pulled from the internet or other sources (e.g., existing job descriptions). Any form of plagiarism will result in a 0 for this project and may be reported to appropriate channels for review. To avoid plagiarism, (1) make sure that the words you use are your own, (2) in cases where you are using direct quotes from other material, provide a citation and page number of the quote, and (3) give credit to others work. If you choose a selection system based on research that you read in an article, cite that article. If you have questions about any of this, come see me! Ignorance will not be an acceptable excuse.

Grading: Simply completing each of the above elements at a satisfactory level would be consistent with a C level grade. You will note, I provided questions that should minimally be addressed. Again, the minimum would be equivalent to a C. To earn a grade in the A or B range, excellent quality work must be completed (e.g., professional writing, few/no grammatical errors, well-organized flow between sections, effective strategies articulated, clear justifications for strategies, and an overall effectively conveyed project). Further, you will have carefully reviewed the course textbook and articles cited in the text to thoroughly follow the steps and guidance provided on how to develop HR system and issues to consider during the process. Creativity will be rewarded. As an example, for the recruitment section – someone who chooses a job advertisement as their method for recruitment may actually develop and include a job advertisement. Similarly, someone who develops a selection system and chooses to interview job applicants may actually develop and include the interview questions asked of applicants. These are just examples, but similar elements could be included for each component to demonstrate that you have gone above and beyond. A more detailed grading rubric will be provided.


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this a reflection paper Humanities Assignment Help

Tariq Ramadan Zakir Naik. (2011, December 3). Tariq Ramadan and Ayaan Hirsi Ali – debate (1/3) [Video
file]. Retrieved from

Reflect on the concepts you have learned throughout this course, and identify how
the information from the reading you chose plays a role in the overall perception of Islam. The purpose of this assignment is
to provide you with the opportunity to reflect on the material you have read and to expand on it.
Use these guidelines as you reflect on the reading and the course material:
What are your thoughts about the main topics?
Why are these topics or concepts important?
How does the information from the reading you chose differ from what you normally see in the mainstream media?
Do you feel that the mainstream media portrays Islam in an accurate manner? Why, or why not?
If you had to complete a work or school assignment about Islam in the future, how would you go about conducting
additional research?
This is not a summary. A reflection paper is an opportunity for you to express your thoughts about the material you are
studying by writing about it. Your reflection paper should be at least two pages in length. Outside sources are not required
for this assignment

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Excel Spreadsheet Business Finance Assignment Help

Just need the spreadsheet done from this info

Scenario and Assignment Details

Elon Motors produces electric automobiles. In recent years, they have been making all components of the cars, excluding the batteries for each vehicle. The company’s leadership team has been considering the ways to reduce the cost of producing its cars. They have considered various options, and believe that they could reduce the cost of each car if they produce the car batteries instead of purchasing them from their current vendor, Avari Battery Company.

Currently, the cost of each battery is $300 per unit. The company feels that they could greatly reduce the cost if the production team makes each battery. However, to produce these batteries, the company will need to purchase specialized equipment that costs $1,670,000. However, this equipment will have a useful life of 10 years, and is expected to have a salvage value of $99,700 at the end of that time.

Currently, the company purchases 2,500 batteries per year, and the company expects that the production will remain the same for the coming 10-year period. To make the batteries, the company expects that they will need to purchase direct materials at a cost of $100 per battery produced. In addition, the company will need to employ two production workers to make the batteries. The workers likely work 2,080 hours per year and make $25 per hour. In addition, health benefits will amount to 20% of the workers’ annual wages. In addition, variable manufacturing overhead costs are estimated to be $20 per unit.

Because there is currently unused space in the factory, no additional fixed costs would be incurred if this proposal is accepted. The company’s cost of capital (hurdle rate) has been determined to be 12% for all new projects, and the current tax rate of 21% is anticipated to remain unchanged. The pricing for the company’s products as well as number of units sold will not be affected by this decision. The straight-line depreciation method would be used if the new equipment is purchased.

Required Items

Based on the above information and using the provided Excel Template (Links to an external site.), calculate the following items for this proposed equipment purchase.

  • Annual cash flows over the expected life of the equipment
  • Payback period
  • Accounting rate of return
  • Net present value
  • Internal rate of return
  • Modified Internal rate of return

Do you recommend the acceptance of this proposal? Why or why not?

Prepare a two-page minimum, double-spaced Word paper elaborating on and supporting your answer. Be sure to follow APA formatting, as applicable.

Grading Criteria and Submission

The following list, with its five sections and mechanics, shows the Course Project grading criteria. Each section, including mechanics, is worth a total of 20 points each. The entire Course Project is worth 120 points total.

  • Section 1: Calculation of the annual cash flows over the life of the equipment
  • Section 2: Calculation of the payback period and accounting rate of return
  • Section 3: Calculation of the net present value
  • Section 4: Calculation of the IRR and modified IRR (MIRR)
  • Section 5: The written proposal
  • Mechanic: Use Excel formulas throughout the worksheet to determine results. In addition, the Excel template is properly formatted and presented without unnecessary notations.

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International Business Transactions 2019 Writing Assignment Help

International Business Transactions 2019

Foreign Direct Investment

Class Presentations

Problem 6-14, p 469

Establishing the Joint Venture

(See the readings on pp 466-484, which refer to the law in China when

My homework Problem 6-14 is namber (3)

i need 2 pages summery . 10 slide the por point

International Business Transactions 2019

Foreign Direct Investment

Class Presentations

Problem 6-14, p 469

Establishing the Joint Venture

(See the readings on pp 466-484, which refer to the law in China when

Your presentation should be approximately 10 minutes long and should include Power Point (or another format) slides. It should answer the question presented and should include a statement of the legal issue and law involved. The class presentation is worth 10 points. Grading will be based on clarity, logic, identification of the issues and

Also, no later than five (5) days after your

1 day ago

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Testing a Manufacturer’s MPG Claim: Part 2 Mathematics Assignment Help

Testing a Manufacturer’s MPG Claim: Part 2 Mathematics Assignment Help

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