The previous writing was on order # 356182721 The goal of the assignment is to expand on your previous. The previous writing was on order # 356182721 The goal of the assignment is to expand on your previous.
The goal of the assignment is to expand on your previous writing assignment (Writing Assignment 2) while focusing specifically on one or two works discussed this semester. This means that your Research Essay should cover one or two works that fit within the time period that you discussed in your second writing assignment. For example, if you discussed Realism, “Chickamauga” would be a good work to consider discussing. Note: while you are free to discuss two works in your essay, I ask that the two be connected by an overarching point in your essay if you decide to discuss more than one work. In other words, the two works should not seem to be two separate essay sections; rather, they should be compared/contrasted with a relevant analytical argument. And 3 sources from Galileo.
4 pages total add on to the previous work and 3 sources from Galileo.[supanova_question]
http://www.sussex.ac.uk/skillshub/?id=256 https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format.html What is critical thinking? We often make the mistake of
What is critical thinking? We often make the mistake of confusing being critical with being negative or “nit-picking” and this is unfortunate. Anybody can adopt a negative position to any point of view simply by saying “no” but this is not being critical, more often than not this is simply being awkward.
In this era of so called ‘alternative facts’ it has never been more important to question our sources of information. Critical thinking involves looking beyond the obvious surface issues, asking questions about motivation and purpose. Being critical requires you to not only gather appropriate data and information but to examine it carefully and question its reliability and authority.
One way of helping to focus your critical thinking is by considering the 6 W’s:
Who by? Who has produced a piece of information is a crucial issue. Everyone has a perspective, a point of view, that can’t be avoided. Being aware of a person’s point of view, background and even prejudices helps us to interpret their work and better understand why they are saying what they are saying.
Why? Why something has been written or said is a very important critical issue. We are bombarded by information these days and each piece is presented to serve a particular purpose. Knowing why something something has been written will help in identifying the underlying motivation of the writer or producer and thus help us decide whether the information is valuable to us or not.
What? What evidence is the information based upon? In reading a book or watching the TV or listening to teachers it is important to ask questions about the basis for what is being said. It is important not to believe something just because somebody says so, we need to know why they are saying what they are saying, otherwise it is simply gossip. Newspaper articles can often be accused of this, making claims based on little or no evidence.
When? The period in history when a piece of information was presented is very important, especially in fields where there is rapid development such as IT. There is little use writing an essay about the current state of mobile phone technology based upon a book written in the 1980’s.
Where? Geographical location is often an important critical factor. Where something was produced will often make a difference to the kind of information being presented and the way it is presented. Healthcare issues, for example, will differ widely between developed and developing countries. Attitudes to law, religion and society vary a great deal from country to country.
Who for? The target audience for a presentation of information will be an important issue when critically evaluating its value and significance. Writers can aim their work very specifically at the young or the old, male or female, different political groups, different social groups and so on. Some writings or media productions are aimed at the general public others are aimed at a small section. Some information is packaged for easy consumption by people with limited education some is tailored to the needs of students, teachers and experts. It is important when studying to ask whether your source material is pitched at the appropriate level – the “Ladybird Book of Policemen” would not, for example, be an appropriate textbook for an undergraduate essay on criminality and policing in the UK.
Thinking critically is a skill that is taught at school and university BUT its main purpose is to better equip you to understand the world, to make more sense of the vast amount of information that is available to us and to avoid, being manipulated. It is a life skill.
We all act critically in our everyday lives. We don’t simply accept gossip and random information and we certainly shouldn’t accept everything we see on TV or in the media as true and authoritative. It is vital in our everyday lives to be able to question why people are saying things to us be it the government, our friends or the advertising industry. If we accepted everything we heard and read and saw, without question, we would be open to constant abuse and manipulation. To buy what we really need, to vote for who we really support and to befriend those who truly care for us we have to think critically.[supanova_question]
Please read the following and article: Cartwright, James. “What Every Designer Needs
The previous writing was on order # 356182721 The goal of the assignment is to expand on your previous Please read the following and article:
Cartwright, James. “What Every Designer Needs to Know About Copyright Law.” AIGA Eye on Design. 2 December 2016. Online. https://eyeondesign.aiga.org/what-young-designers-need-to-know-about-copyright-law/ (Links to an external site.)
Writings should consist of 50% reflection and 50% critical analysis relating to this article. The length of response should be between 2-4 pages, 12-font, double-spaced with the Times New Roman typeface. These can be written in the first person, as they are essentially expressing the writer’s evaluations. When quoting, be sure to give credit to the author.
What to include in your paper:?
Introductory Paragraph – This is where you introduce the reader to what you are about to present to them and identify the reading you are writing about. Present a summary of the main ideas (an analysis) from this reading.
Do you agree, disagree or do you have mixed feelings about the reading? What about the article that makes you agree/disagree or have mixed feelings about it?
What is the difference between copyright and trademark?
Could the issue with Tuesday Bassen and Zara be resolved in another way??
Has someone else used something you created and made it their own? Did someone use an image/design you created and didn’t give you any credit??
Include a real-life example of a copyright violation/infringement (it could be in any field- music, advertising, photography, art, movies, video games, etc.)
A conclusion to wrap up what you previously discussed in your paper.
Line 1: Title (optional)
Paragraph 1: Introductory Paragraph – This is where you introduce the reader to what you are about to present to them, and identify the reading you are writing about. Present a summary of the main ideas (an analysis) from this reading. “When you quote someone, put it in between quotation marks like this (no italics needed) and then include a citation like the one you see here in parenthesis:” (Author, Page Number). Be sure to include the source of your quotation in the “works cited” page.
Paragraph 2: Do you agree, disagree, or do you have mixed feelings about the reading? What about the article that makes you agree/disagree or have mixed feelings about it? Expand on these questions.
Paragraph 3: What is the difference between copyright and trademark? Expand on this question.
Paragraph 4: Could the issue regarding the issue with Tuesday Bassen and Zara be resolved in another way?? Expand on this question.
Paragraph 5: Have someone else used something you created and made it their own? Did someone use ?an image/design you created and didn’t give you any credit?? Expand on these questions.
No I did not experience this before.
Paragraph 6: Include a real-life example of a copyright violation/infringement (it could be in any field- music, advertising, photography, art, movies, video games, etc.)
Please cite any sources from the internet.
Final Paragraph: A conclusion to wrap up what you previously discussed in your paper.
Cartwright, James. “What Every Designer Needs to Know About Copyright Law.” AIGA Eye on Design. 2 December 2016. Online. https://eyeondesign.aiga.org/what-young-designers-need-to-know-about-copyright-law/ (Links to an external site.)[supanova_question]
Name: Date: Class: CRITICAL THINKING ASSIGNMENT 1 Instructions: After reading the attached
Name: Date: Class:
CRITICAL THINKING ASSIGNMENT 1
Instructions: After reading the attached article “The Ins and Outs of DNA Transfer in Bacteria” by Inês Chen, Peter J. Christie and David Dubnau, answer the questions below:
When looking at the transformation and conjugation processes, how can genome plasticity lead to evolution in bacteria? REMEMBER: Evolution involves selection of the fittest, think about how bacteria can be fit and what they can “get” from their bacteria friends to be even more “in shape.”
FIND THE ARTICLE HERE
This document will be checked for plagiarism, so do not copy your answers from anywhere. Each answer needs to have at least 80 words (To count words, highlight your answer and click on Review then Word count).
What are the main questions answered by the article? (Briefly explain figures 2 and 3.)[supanova_question]
Read the case study and answer the questions
Susans Consulting Company (SCC) – Problem OverviewSusans Consulting Company (SCC) has been in business for ten years and has experienced a significant turnover in the project management group, which has prompted senior leadership to investigate.
A preliminary review by senior leadership has determined that Project Managers are frustrated with the amount of required project management documentation, which has impacted their ability to manage projects successfully.
A recent review of the project management process has determined that SCC has spent between 30-40% of its total project budget on projects’ overhead costs to include project management costs. A review of industry standards is between 5-15% higher than most companies. In addition, senior leaders found that projects are being delivered between 25% and 50% over budget and late 95% of the time.
SCC Request: SCC has reached out to your team because you are experts in defining project management processes and delivering projects on time. The SCC request includes the following:
The development of a new project management process which at a minimum should include the following:
The ability to track issues, risks, changes
The ability to view project activities consists of a view of what has been completed and what activities the team is working on over the next reporting period
The company must have a view into total life cycle project costs to include what has been spent to date, baseline budget, any changes to the budget, remaining budget, and cost of the project at completion
In addition, to the new process request, SCC has a new project they need to complete by the end of the year with a limited budget and no project management staff.
Answer these questions?
Identify Project scope statement
Identify at least ten potential stakeholders for your project and describe about them
1 min ago[supanova_question]
Week 6 Organizational Ethics Presentation
This week, you will submit a video presentation. Your presentation must include both audio and visual components and be professional in nature.
You will submit your final presentation here for grading, and you will submit it to the discussion board this week as a draft for your peers to review and as a final product to share. See the discussion board for details
Choose a topic below.
Taken from the assigned reading in Butts chapter 12, page 401, “Ethical Reflection: Typical Unethical or Illegal Behaviors in Organizations”
Create a presentation of 10-15 slides or screens excluding the title and references.Your slides/screen should include titles, main ideas, bullet points, and relevant images, charts, graphs, etc.
In your presentation:
Describe an ethical situation, based on the chosen topic, that can get in the nurse’s way of practicing ethically. Describe the situation clearly and concisely.
Identify how this situation relates to one provision within the Code of Ethics for Nurses.
Identify two ethical principles that may arise when facing this situation.
Discuss how a nurse might lessen the impact of the situation on the nurse’s practice.
In addition to the course texts, cite and reference a minimum of two (2) additional scholarly sources to support your work.
Close with a summary of your topic, and APA formatted reference slide(s).
2 mins ago[supanova_question]
HUM/115 v10 Title ABC/123 vX Page 2 of 2 Critical Thinking Scenario
Page 2 of 2
Critical Thinking Scenario
Sally is a 34-year-old woman who works in the customer service department for a small company that sells printers. Her job involves speaking with customers and addressing their concerns for 8 hours a day. Unfortunately for Sally, customers only reach out to her department when there is an issue with their printers.
Once, after a long day of listening to customer complaints, she felt drained and agitated. She wanted to relax, so she went to dinner with some colleagues. The colleagues began discussing an issue at work that was causing friction between departments. Sally did not agree with her colleagues’ viewpoint on the causes of that friction, but she did not want to say anything because she felt she did not know enough about the topic. For the remaining part of the discussion, Sally nodded her head and appeared to agree with her colleagues to avoid confrontation. After this dinner, she decided not spend time with these colleagues outside of work anymore.
The next day at work, Sally spoke with a customer who wanted to dispute the terms in the warranty for the product. The customer explained to Sally that he understood the terms of the warranty, but the printer was vital to his business. He explained how the ability to print materials equated to his ability to feed his family. He asked if there was any way Sally could help. Sally imagined herself in the customer’s position and decided to find additional options for the customer. In the end, Sally was able to de-escalate the situation and assist the customer.
This interaction with the customer led her to question their warranty, and she decided to speak with her manager to get it changed. She stated that the current warranty was inadequate because it did not provide customers with enough time to determine if the product would function appropriately. She provided supporting evidence to show that many printers failed only 1 month after the 1-year warranty expired. She also calculated the number of customers with failed printers that bought a replacement printer from the company she worked for. Sally proposed that the warranty be extended to 18 months. Unfortunately, her manager did not agree with her argument nor provide an argument against extending the warranty; instead, he asked, “How can you argue for a change in the warranty when you are late to work most of the time?” Sally decided she would continue to argue for changing the warranty with the company’s leadership, and, after several meetings, Sally was able to get her proposal approved and the warranty extended.
Copyright 2021 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2021 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.[supanova_question]
Critical Thinking Report Choose ONE of these 3 scenarios and write a
Critical Thinking Report
Choose ONE of these 3 scenarios and write a 2 page report explaining what decision you would make and why. In order to make your decision, go around the pie chart and use each of the 8 elements of thought to add to your decision-making. Read the sample report to see what kind of critical thinking process I am looking for (though you can use the 8 elements in any order that feels comfortable for you).
1. Read the following scenario in detail and consider the related questions. A political party proposed a legislation to make it mandatory for couples to be assessed and evaluated (pass an examination) before conception. The party spokesperson proposed the following argument: most social problems are rooted in the growth processes of children. For instance, children subject to frequent physical punishment by parents are prone to be criminals in adulthood. Also, distanced relations between parents and children impact negatively on the latter’s social skills in adulthood whereas children from impoverished families often do less well academically and possess inferior self-image and confidence than same-aged peers. The spokesperson gave examples that require a certain level of competency or qualification: driving requires licenses, migration to foreign countries requires approval, and teaching requires the obtaining of certain qualifications. The rearing of young is a greater responsibility that directly affects the future development of the society. The government should evaluate couples planning conception to decide which are more suited for raising children.
Question: Would you want to have rules for who can have children and who cannot, and what rules would they be? If you ultimately decide not to have rules, explain that decision too.
2. Please read carefully the following scenario, and think about the related questions. You live in a backward and remote island nation. For the past a hundred years or so, people on the island are self-sustained, living on farming and herding. Neighboring the small island is a big, prosperous and advanced nation. Recently, using their instruments, specialists in that nation detected that within three weeks, the small island will be hit by intense earthquakes. The quakes could last months, generating a tsunami that will drown the entire island. When the neighboring nation received the news, they sent a warning to your island. They urged you and your people to leave immediately. The nation also agreed to temporarily accommodate the island’s inhabitants. Your livestock, however, were forbidden to enter. The island government accepted this arrangement and asked its people to take shelter in the neighboring nation for at least a few months. This was met with strong objection from the local people on the island. They claim for hundreds of years people here had used animal behavior and weather changes to predict earthquakes, which had always been accurate. They predicted no earthquakes in the region around the island any time soon. They also considered the technology in the neighboring nation unreliable. Moreover, if they left behind all livestock and farmland for months, everything would have died before the people could come back. The next year’s provisions will be all but gone.
Question: think carefully and weigh your options, and decide what you would do if you were an islander: would you stay or would you go? Go around the pie chart and explain how each of the 8 elements adds to your decision-making.
3. A certain political party proposed that the government should determine whether a citizen has the right to vote judging by his/her academic qualifications and payable taxes. The political party proposed that only university graduates or individuals whose payable taxes exceed a certain amount would have the right to vote in the elections. The spokesman of the political party pointed out that history had taught us the one-person, one-vote system did not deliver the best leader to the people. Part of the population did not have the required wisdom or knowledge to judge the abilities of a candidate, and thus were easily deceived. Others voted arbitrarily without knowing the background, platform and vision of the candidates, resulting in the prevalence of “erratic voting”. The party believes that highly educated citizens should be given the right to vote, because knowledge and wisdom helps one discriminate between the true abilities of different candidates. Leaders chosen by better educated citizens naturally bring better welfare to the people. Besides, payable taxes represents one’s contribution to the society, therefore citizens who contribute more should be given the right to vote.
Make a decision whether it is better to have rule in place that only allow educated people to vote. Use the pie chart and explain what each element of thought adds to your decision-making.[supanova_question]
What causes people to become whom they do? The social process theory
What causes people to become whom they do? The social process theory views that criminality is a function of people’s interactions with various organizations institutions and processes in society. With in social process theory are several independent branches: social learning theory, social control theory, and social reaction (labeling) theory. Social learning theory believes people are born good but learn overtime to be bad; social control theory assumes people are born bad and must be controlled to be good; and social reaction theory assumes that whether good or bad, people are shaped, directed, and influenced by the evaluation of others (Siegel, 2019). We will be reviewing the key points to the social reaction theory as well as consequences of labeling to make our final determination as to whether negative labels are damaging, and if positive labels help insulate children from crime producing forces within their environment.
One of the key points to the social reaction theory is that behaviors that are considered criminal are subjective. For instance, crimes are only considered bad because people label them that way. The only difference between an excusable act and a criminal one is subject to change depending on the audience. In a court of law, a consensual sexual encounter versus that of forcible rape is determined by a jury’s interpretation of what took place, and who’s story seems to correlate best with the evidence. But since juries are different from case to case, the same details can be presented and interpreted differently depending on the jury. Other acts such as abortion, gambling, or possession of marijuana are legal in some locales but illegal in others. Those illegal acts may also become legal over time.
Another key point to the social reaction theory hinges on those who are in power and their definition of what constitutes a crime, at that time. Criminal law is therefore strongly influenced by the values of that ruler. American sociologist Howard Becker coined the term moral entrepreneurs to refer to individuals in power that create moral rules to reflect their values rather than any universal standards of right and wrong. Someone who campaigns for prison reform or wants laws passed to restrict abortion rights are examples of moral entrepreneurs.
Defining labels not just as an act, but also as the actor is another key point to the social reaction theory. Terms such as “intelligent” or “hardworking” advocate for a person’s value even before meeting them.
Positive labels like these can improve overall social standing and even improve one’s self-image. And research has shown that those labeled with one positive trait, such as being honest, are perceived to have other positive traits, for example being smart or detail-oriented (Jackson, Hunter, Hodge, 1995).
The final key point to the social reaction theory is that both positive and negative labels carry with them subjective interpretations of behavior. For instance, someone who is labeled as a troublemaker is also someone who can be perceived as being troublesome. These messages have a significant effect on how people view themselves, and how they see their value as “society” interprets them. If others view us as kind, attractive, and fun to be around that will have a positive effect on how we see and value ourselves.
If we are viewed as unattractive, stupid, or hard to get along with, that too will negatively shape our self image.
People can also be stigmatized by labels. Stigmatization happens when labeling causes negative enduring ffects on a person’s self-image and social interactions (Siegel, 2019). Those derived from rumors or unfounded claims can be immense. Effects are further compounded if the devalued status is reiterated
by a significant other and may lead to permanent harm to the subject, as they reinforce feelings of “less than”, isolation, and detachment. If the visibility of the label and manner and severity with which it’s applied is great enough individuals will become increasingly committed to deviant behavior (selflabeling) and may find themselves turning to others who have been similarly stigmatized for support and companionship. People may also join clicks with similarly out casted people who facilitate the increasingly antisocial behavior. Retrospective reading is then used to often reassess the person’s past to fit a current generalized label. This label then becomes the basis of their personal identity by reiterating the original negative labels and stigmatizing the offenders.
Based on the readings in this unit I do believe that positive labels help insulate children from crime producing forces in their environment. I believe that when children recognize that others find good in them, even if they can’t see it in themselves, they searched for where those positive beliefs come from.
This occurs, I believe, for much of the same reasons that attending church helps to reduce drug usage in young people. Because they have created a community around them that holds them to a higher standard, and deviating from that, would result in their community’s disappointment. In my experience being labeled as “strong” has helped me to dig deeper to embody that during difficult times where I wanted to just run and hide. I did this so I wouldn’t let others down and to show that I could live up to their admiration for such a positive label.
1. Siegel, Larry J (2019). Criminology: The Core. (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
2. Jackson, Linda, Hunter, John, and Hodge, Carol, “Physical Attractiveness and Intellectual
Competence: A Meta-Analytic Review,” Social Psychology Quarterly 58 (1995): 108-122.[supanova_question]
Answer these three questions and submit to me ASAP via email: Question
Answer these three questions and submit to me ASAP via email:
Identify and define the five stages of crime analysis and what type of cases would each be used. Provide an example.
Research a case where at least three stages of crime analysis was used to identify a suspect, Be specific with the case, date, agency, and crime. Hint: You best source research may be to search news!
What did you learn in this class that will be useful to you as:
Administration of Justice Major
A Criminal Justice Professional, or
As a non-criminal justice major?
Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words, spelling grammar and critical thinking will be evaluated. Do not just take a chapter or term from the book and copy of Wikipedia it, support your answer. Plagiarism will result in an overall grade reduction.[supanova_question]
CRIJ 3300 Applied Research Methods in Criminal Justice Dr. Dickinson Term project
CRIJ 3300 Applied Research Methods in Criminal Justice
Term project instructions
For this assignment, you will create several sections of a research proposal. You must write a short paper that states 1) your research question and hypothesis (if applicable); 2) the population of interest; 3) the units of analysis; 4) the variables of interest; 5) the background and rationale for your proposed project—this section must include 4 outside references; 6) your sampling strategy; 7) any potential threats to validity; 8) any possible ethical and practical issues; and 9) a reference page. The paper must also include a short survey consisting of 20-30 survey questions. Details about what I expect for each of these parts are listed below. **Please note that you are not actually going to conduct this project—it is just a proposal for a project. This assignment is worth 100 points.
Final draft due 7/31 @ 11:59pm MST
Submit paper on Blackboard (I recommend doing this early as this will run the paper through SafeAssign—this way you can check yourself for accidental plagiarism)
I will deduct 5 points from your total score for each day you are late submitting the paper on Blackboard up to a maximum of 25 points. If you are more than 5 days late submitting the paper on Blackboard, you will receive a 0 on the assignment.
The actual paper should be written in narrative form (i.e., full sentences, full paragraphs). This paper should be from 5 – 9 pages long. This section of the term project is worth 70 points. To get all the points for this assignment, you must address each of the points listed below. The grading rubric directly responds to this list of instructions.
Sections/Headings: The paper should include each of the following sections. They should all begin with a bold-faced, centered heading.
Research question: In this section you will tell me what your research question is. That is, what are you proposing to study?
Remember, that this is a survey project. Hence, you must create a research question that can be answered using a survey.
Remember that surveys are good at capturing opinions, perceptions, etc.
Some research questions will have independent and dependent variables (e.g., “Are UTEP students that were raised by drug using parents more likely to smoke marijuana?”; “Are former victims of crime more likely to own guns?”). Other research questions are exploratory and will not have independent and dependent variables (e.g., “How do UTEP students feel about gun control?”; How should sex offenders be treated after release from prison?”).
For questions with independent and dependent variables you must state a hypothesis or hypotheses.
Population of interest: In this section you will tell me the population that you are interested in finding something out about? For instance, is it all Americans? Is it all Texans? All El Paso residents? All college students? Etc.
Remember that the population is the group that you are trying to find something out about. The sample is the group that you are actually surveying.
Units of analysis: In this section you will tell me what units of analysis will your proposed study examine? Individuals, Groups, Social Organizations, or Social Artifacts? Use one of these terms when describing your unit of analysis.
Variables of interest: This section will likely be 1-3 pages long. Here you will tell me:
What variables you will be collecting data on. If you have independent and dependent variables, clearly identify them. Some projects will not have independent and dependent variables. Also identify any control variables in your study—that is, variables that may have some influence on your results. Common control variables include demographic ones such as age, race, gender, and social class.
The key part of this section is for you to provide conceptual definitions of your variables. Do not assume that I know how YOU conceptualize these variables. Provide a clear definition of each variable so that I know exactly how you do and do not define them. Be specific—if you are talking about crime, what do you mean when you refer to crime in YOUR proposed study? If you’re talking about recidivism, are you talking about re-arrest, parole violations, etc.?
You should also note which of the survey measures relate to your variables.
Example: “One of my key variables of interest is drug use. I define drug use as the use of an illicit drug such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine, as well as the use of prescription drugs in a manner not prescribed or the use of prescription drugs prescribed to other individuals. Survey questions 7-15 are measures of this variable.”
Prior research/Rationale and Background: For this section, you must find four outside sources that cover either your proposed topic/research question or something related to it. You must then provide short reviews of this literature that are 1-2 paragraphs long.
The four sources must be academic/scholarly sources. Websites, popular magazines, blogs, vlogs, newspapers, etc. do not count. Articles from peer-reviewed journals and books are appropriate.
The book assigned for the course does not count as an outside source.
I recommend going to Google Scholar and typing in your topic as the search terms. Most of the sources that come up are acceptable for this assignment. If on campus, there will likely be hyperlinks to the materials to the right of the respective articles that will take to a webpage wherein you can download them. If off campus you can go to this webpage https://admin.utep.edu/Default.aspx?tabid=74367 and download the UTEP VPN onto your computer. Then connect through the VPN and you will be able to gain access to sources just as if you were on campus.
Sampling strategy: In this section you will tell me what sampling strategy you are going to use.
State what sampling strategy are you going to use—be specific (i.e., do not say probability sampling or non-probability sampling—state a specific method).
Describe the sampling method—describe the steps of that method.
Describe why it is appropriate to use.
Threats to validity: Discuss any potential threats to validity that your study design may face.
State at least two threats to validity that may affect the results of your proposed study.
Define these threats to validity.
Ethical issues: Discuss any ethical issues the proposed study may face and how you are planning to eliminate and/or minimize them.
Describe one or more ethical issues you may have to consider.
Describe what measures you would include in the study to counter these ethical issues.
The references must be in APA format. Please make sure to include all the references used in the study.
You must also include a survey that includes questions that can be used to collect data on the variables of interest and their relationships with each other. This part of the term project is worth 30 points. To get all the points for this assignment, you must address each of the points listed below. The grading rubric directly responds to this list of instructions.
The survey should look as professional as possible. To this end, please be careful to pay attention to the spacing of questions (they should not be too crowded), the ordering of questions, whether questions overlap from page to page (they should not), and the overall ‘look’ of the survey.
Also make certain to pay attention to whether your questions and answer categories are exclusive and exhaustive and are worded properly (e.g., no double-barreled questions, no negative questions).
The survey must include: 1) Open and close-ended questions; 2) at least one contingency or matrix question.
The survey must contain questions relating to all of your variables. I will also gauge whether your questions (i.e., measures) best measure the concept you are trying to measure.
The survey must include at least 20-25 questions. It is permissible to take questions from pre-existing surveys. If you choose to do this, however, you must provide a reference to the source where you located these examples on your reference page.
Citation and references:
When using pre-existing questions or referencing the ideas of others that are not your own (as you will in the prior research/rational and background section) please use APA formatting. Refer to http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
for APA guidelines. The reference section will be the very last part of the paper section of this assignment. IMPORTANT: Please only use APA formatting for your in-text and reference page citations.
This exercise will require that you write clearly and concisely. If you require assistance in writing, I strongly urge you to seek assistance from the writing center. You will be judged on grammar and spelling as well as content so make sure that you revise and edit your paper. Do not use contractions!!!
Writing suggestions for paper:
Avoid first-and-second-person (I, me, my, we, our).
Avoid slang and clichés (since the beginning of time, putting the cart before the horse, better said than done, etc.).
Do not use contractions in formal writing (can’t, wouldn’t, don’t, etc.).
Be consistent with verb tense. A common mistake is to alternate between present and past tense.
Make sure that you do not use plural verbs with singular nouns or vice versa.
Avoid over-generalizing statements such as “Most people think” & “Everybody knows.”
Answer the question that you are asked. Read the assignment questions carefully.
The paper should meet the following formatting requirements. Points will be deducted for failing to comply:
Must be typed!
12-pt. black Times New Roman font
1-inch margins all around
Page numbered in lower right corner
Indent first line of each paragraph
No extra lines between paragraphs
Correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar
What you are going to turn in:
This is how I want you to organize the various parts of the term project when turning it in.
Title page—please include the name of the assignment, your name, my name, the course number and name, the semester, and overall page length of all sections combined. Please see below for an example title page.
Example title page:
Term project assignment
Your name here
CRIJ 3300 Applied Research Methods in Criminal Justice
insert # here pages
CRIM 3100 Final paper guidelines The requirement of the final paper is
CRIM 3100 Final paper guidelines
The requirement of the final paper is that students employ one or more contemporary theoretical perspectives to analyze a specific case study involving the relationship between crime and community. Students are welcome to write on any topic they wish as long as it conforms to that central requirement. Some students prefer more specific guidelines, so I have prepared a series of sample topics complete with suggested literature (see references section and also see Moodle — many of these studies are uploaded).
If you choose to write your paper on a topic other than the examples here, please contact me ahead of time to run your ideas by me. This is not compulsory, but it is highly recommended, and will probably be helpful to you.
Your paper should be 8–10 double-spaced pages in a standard pt.12 font (e.g. Times New Roman or Helvetica) with standard margins (page count does not include references and cover pages). You should indent or leave an extra single line between paragraphs — not both. Papers must included at least ten references; at least eight of your references must be ones that you have found yourself (i.e. you can use course materials and the suggested papers below, but must find additional sources yourself). Citations should follow strict APA style. Headings for sections are encouraged, but keep them to a necessary minimum (e.g. Introduction, Analysis, Discussion, Conclusion, References).
Case Study #1
Studies have shown that relationships between police and communities are essential factors in the success of community policing programs. What type of factors can affect these relationships, and what are the specific effects of problematic relationships or breakdowns in relationships between police and communities?
Identify several existing studies of community policing and develop your own analysis or explanations for some of the factors that can have detrimental or positive effects on community policing efforts.
Some factors that you might want to consider: cultural differences/similarities between police and community members, socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods, police tactics, ideological context of community policing efforts.
The references section includes some community policing studies to get you started. All of these resources are available through the KPU library website.
Case Study #2
Power, ideology and policing
Our course has explored the role of ideology and power in shaping the ways communities are policed and controlled, and also the ways communities are structured. You may select a specific community and explain how ideology and/or powerful interests have transformed the ways this community is structured and regulated or represented as a “problem community” (See Evans).
Possible topics and references ?
Colonialism and Indigenous communities (Macleod and Rollason 1997; Nettelbeck & Smandych 2010; Satzewich 1996)
Capitalism and working class people & “flawed consumers” (Coleman & Sim, 2000; Coleman, Tombs & Whyte 2005).
Case Study #3
You may wish to use concepts covered in class, Evans’ book, and/or Herbert’s book to analyze or discuss a crime related issue that affects or shapes a community that you belong to or a community that you are aware of.
Note: in studying local communities of any kind, you may draw on your own experiences of those communities, any published material relating to those communities, or anecdotal evidence about them — but you may not conduct original research with human participants (e.g. conducting interviews) unless you have already secured human research ethics review approval (which is unlikely unless you are already part of a study). You are allowed to do research that does not involve human participants (e.g. taking photographs of, and notes on, the physical urban environment that you are interested in studying). As always, with any original research of crime-related issues that involves visiting a specific research site, please take all precautions for your safety.
Possible topic and questions
Neighborhood & crime?
Does your neighborhood conform to or challenge any of Marcuse’s urban community types? How does the community manage its own crime and disorder issues through (a) physical environment, (b) interpersonal relationships, (c) interactions with “state” crime control authorities?
Situational crime prevention
Identify an area/business/community that exhibits interesting or novel approaches to crime control that employ CPTED and/or situational crime prevention techniques. Write about how this case study challenges or builds on some of the ideas that we have discussed in class.
Case Study #4
Some students may wish to write a theory-based paper that focuses on ideas and concepts rather than a concrete case study. If you choose this option, your conclusion should be about broad trends or possible future directions or new tendencies in community crime-related issues, rather than concrete observations about a specific community. Here are some examples of possible theoretical topics and related articles that might give you some ideas.
Neoliberalism and its continued transformation of community space (Herbert & Brown 2006). Capitalism and its effects on situational crime prevention (Hayward 2007).
Case Study #1
Bohm, R. M., Reynolds, M., & Holmes, S. T. (2000). Perceptions of neighborhood problems and their solutions: Implications for community policing. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 23, 439-465.
Grinc, R. M. (1994). Angels in marble: Problems in stimulating community involvement in community policing. Crime & Delinquency, 40, 437–468.
Krivo, L. J., & Peterson, R. D. (1996). Extremely disadvantaged neighborhoods and urban crime. Social Forces, 75, 619-650.
Skogan, W. G. (2004). Community policing: Can it work? Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Stein, R. E. & Griffith, C. (2015). Resident and police perceptions of the neighborhood:
implications for community policing. Criminal Justice Policy Review 28(2), 139–154
Case Study #2
Coleman, R. & Sim, J. (2000). ‘You’ll never walk alone’: CCTV surveillance, order and neo- liberal rule in Liverpool city centre. British Journal of Sociology, 51(4), 623–639?
Coleman, R., Tombs, S. & Whyte, D. (2005). Capital, crime control and statecraft in the entrepreneurial city. Urban Studies 42(13), 2511–2530
Macleod, R.C., & Rollason, H. (1997). ‘Restrain the lawless savages’: Native defendants in the criminal courts of the North West Territories, 1878–1885. Journal of Historical Sociology, 10, 157–183.
Nettelbeck, A. & Smandych, R. (2010). Policing indigenous peoples on two colonial frontiers: Australia’s mounted police and Canada’s North-West Mounted Police. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 2, 356–375
Satzewich, V. (1996). ‘Where’s the beef?’: Cattle killing, rations policy and First Nations ‘criminality’ in southern Alberta, 1892–1895. Journal of Historical Sociology, 9, 188–212.?
Case Study #3
For references, consult the “further reading” and references sections of Evans & Herbert, and also the uploaded Marcuse articles.
Case Study #4
Hayward, K. (2007). Situational crime prevention and its discontents: Rational choice theory versus the ‘Culture of Now’. Social Policy & Administration 41(3), 232–250
Herbert, S. & Brown, E. (2006). Conceptions of space and crime in the punitive neoliberal city. Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography 38(4), 755–777[supanova_question]
BUSI 710 Creating A Problem Statement Assignment Instructions Overview The foundation of
Creating A Problem Statement Assignment Instructions
The foundation of any doctoral dissertation or project is a well-crafted problem statement. This exercise will allow you to develop and fine-tune a problem statement.
Identify a problem within the literature that needs further examination. Review the white paper on Effective Problem Statements and craft a problem statement for the path you desire to explore (Ph.D. or D.B.A.). Depending on the direction you head these will look slightly different. Make sure to thoroughly substantiate the problem with scholarly research. Keep in mind that a problem statement should not exceed 250 words.
Academic Research Problem Statements (Ph.D.)
Academic research problem statements should begin exactly as follows: The problem to be addressed is… Academic Research Problems identify the gap in the literature that needs to be explored and is well supported by scholarly research. What hasn’t been studied that needs to be studied?
Applied Research Problem Statements (D.B.A.)
Applied research problem statements should begin with a general problem. The general problem to be addressed is… Likewise in Applied Research, the specific problem is narrower in scope and labeled similarly: The specific problem to be addressed is… Applied Research Problems include 3 components: A general problem sentence, 3 – 4 supporting sentences showing that the problem exists within the literature, and a specific problem sentence.
All problem statements should include supporting information to assist in explaining the problem and must contain at least three scholarly resources to substantiate the problem. Scholarly resources should be published within the last three to five years. Proper APA formatting should be used, including a title and reference page.[supanova_question]