University of Southern California Budget Challenge Discussion Humanities Assignment Help

University of Southern California Budget Challenge Discussion Humanities Assignment Help. University of Southern California Budget Challenge Discussion Humanities Assignment Help.

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This discussion board asks you to engage a simulation on the federal budget, and then to reflect on the decisions you made–and what you learned from the exercise. The United States has operated on a deficit budget. As the assigned reading by the Congressional Budget Office states, the 2020 fiscal year budget was over $3 trilli0n, a massive increase over 2019 that is attributable in large part to federal spending in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Pandemic response aside, the federal budget has experienced increasing deficits over the past five years, and indeed has run at deficit for most of the past 40 years, suggesting the political difficulty of budgetary balance.

The Next Ten Federal Budget Challenge will give you a flavor of the fiscal impacts of different choices one might make in attempting to balance the federal budget. Note that the FY2020 simulation is based on estimates that were made prior to the pandemic, and so do not reflect the current gravity of the fiscal situation at the federal level.

After completing the course readings and instructional media, please complete the Federal Budget Challenge. In working to balance the budget, make a note of the choices that you made, as you will share and reflect on these in the discussion board.

The Federal Budget Challenge is available at the following link:

After you have completed the budget challenge, respond to the discussion board questions below.

By Day 5, please respond to the following questions in a post of approximately 250 words, making explicit reference to the Budget Challenge, and incorporating the reading material. By Day 7, please comment on or respond to the posts of at least two other students.

University of Southern California Budget Challenge Discussion Humanities Assignment Help[supanova_question]

Management at Work Open Invitation to Innovation Case Study Summary & Analysis Business Finance Assignment Help

Management at Work


About a decade ago a well-known multinational company hired an innovation consulting firm called NineSigma to draw up a request for proposal (RFP) entitled “Nanoparticle Halide Salt: Formulation and Delivery.” According to NineSigma CEO Andy Zynga, providing an RFP means “crafting a very precise written needs statement for vetted solution providers who have known expertise in specific areas.” In this case, the client was in the market for a chemically designed salt with specific properties—a compound for which its own R&D department didn’t have the necessary expertise. So NineSigma, reports Zynga, “marketed” its RFP “to a broad audience of technical experts. Proposals came in from a variety of industries and organization types, including energy and fuels, pharma, and engineering services.” The winning proposal was submitted by a team of orthopedics researchers who had created nanoparticles of salt for studies of osteoporosis.

And that’s how PepsiCo developed a way to reduce the sodium content of Lay’s Classic potato chips without sacrificing the flavor that consumers were used to. This approach to an expanded search for solutions is sometimes called open innovation, which Zynga defines as “the process of reaching beyond your team, company, or industry for technologies, solutions, ideas, and knowledge available through global solution-provider networks. … The rationale,” he explains, “is that partnering with outside innovators may lead to something even better and will undoubtedly accelerate the process if a more advanced solution exists elsewhere.”

In a very real sense, although it’s a “process of reaching beyond your team,” open innovation is also an extension of the principle of building teams with a greater diversity of input. David Feitler, Senior Program Manager at Nine-Sigma, points to a parallel between team building as a means of breaking down internal barriers to problem solving and open innovation as a means of breaking down external barriers. Feitler explains that another NineSigma client, the Dutch-based multinational paint manufacturer AzkoNobel, was already practicing open innovation as a means of breaching external barriers when it approached NineSigma about improving internal collaboration. The company was divided into 11 autonomous, and it had grown mainly by means of acquisition. As a result, says Feitler, it “had the typical silos, with organizational and geographical boundaries inhibiting the diffusion of knowledge.”

“The solution,” he reports,

was to implement the request for proposal process inside the organization, broadly training large numbers of technical staff about the process and more intensively training a core group of “Internal Program Managers” to provide the coaching and guidance required for a well-specified search [for collaborative ideas].

Two years later, adds Feitler, AzkoNobel had developed a process of assembling “ad hoc SWAT teams” that allows “individuals with challenging problems. … to tap into a system that gives them rapid access to colleagues in other divisions and countries.”

The idea of “ad hoc SWAT teams,” argues Feitler, is consistent with the findings of studies on the role of so-called cross-pollination—the recombination of previously unrelated ideas—in the diffusion of innovation. In particular, Feitler cites research led by Harvard University’s Lee Fleming, who culled data from every U.S. patents granted since 1975. What did Fleming and his team want to find out from all of this data? First, they wanted to know what kind of networks among inventors and researchers had been developed to foster significant cross-pollination. Second, they were interested in how different networks contribute to “creativity,” which is commonly defined as the combining of familiar ideas in unexpected ways.

Fleming’s team identified two different network models that tend to result in “novel combinations”:

  • (1)the broker, which revolves around an influential person who’s connected to many other people who don’t know each other; and
  • (2)the connector, which revolves around an influential individual who often introduces his collaborators to each other.

The researchers found that organizations functioning as brokers were more likely to generate new ideas because they occupied a central position through which information and ideas travel. By the same token, brokers typically found it harder than connectors to get their ideas publicized.

Some related research goes into more practical detail. Gratton and Erickson, for instance, found that cross-pollination “almost always requires the input and expertise of people with disparate views and backgrounds.” In other words, diversity of expertise and experience is critical, but Gratton and Erickson also concluded that it can “inhibit collaboration”: “Diversity,” they observe,

often means that team members are working with people that they know only superficially or have never met before—colleagues drawn from other divisions of the company, perhaps, or even from outside it. We have found that the higher the proportion of strangers on the team and the greater the diversity of background and experience, the less likely the team members are to share knowledge or exhibit other collaborative behaviors.

In turn, these findings are consistent with Fleming’s conclusion that “the evidence linking breakthroughs with multidisciplinary collaborations remains mixed. On average,” advises Fleming, “it’s more productive to search within established disciplines. Or, when trying to cross-pollinate between fields, the more appropriate approach is to combine areas that have some common ground.” Fleming limits the term “breakthrough” to those “very, very few” inventions or innovations that ultimately produce the highest level of value. Thus when it comes to diversity or “multidisciplinary collaboration,” the issue is whether “the divergence between collaborators’ fields of expertise” is more or less likely to yield a breakthrough. In this respect, the results were in fact mixed. Fleming found, for example, that the greater this divergence, “the lower the overall quality” of a team’s output. At the same time, however, outputs will vary more widely from useless to extremely valuable, thus making breakthroughs more likely.

Finally, let’s go back to NineSigma’s Andy Zynga, who attributes the impasse faced by PepsiCo’s internal problem solvers to a “cognitive bias” that psychologists call functional fixedness. “Any five-year-old,” observes Zynga, “has no trouble turning an old blanket and a couple of chairs into an impenetrable fort. But as we get older, knowledge and experience increasingly displace imagination and our ability to see an object for anything other than its original purpose.”

Adult-run organizations, Zynga argues, encounter functional fixedness on a much more complex level: “Technologists, engineers, and designers,” he says, “not only have their own expertise, they have their own way of applying their expertise. Ironically, the more success they’ve had with their approach to a solution, the harder it is to imagine a different one.” As Zynga sees it, open innovation “replicates the process that a five-year-old goes through to see the potential of a fort in a couple of chairs and a blanket.” It’s all a matter of making connections between what you want to create and objects—or ideas—that apparently have unrelated applications. “Open innovation practitioners,” explains Zynga, “source solutions to specific problems in [an analogous] way—by enabling a connection between a need and potential solutions that reside in unrelated industries.”


Must include a summary of the above case.

  1. How good are you at “thinking outside the box”? Are you fixated on functionality? Try solving the following problem before googling the solution. You have the three items pictured here: a book of matches, a box of thumbtacks, and a candle.An illustration shows a match box, a box of thumbtacks, and a candle.How can you attach the candle to a wall so that, when it’s lit, wax doesn’t drip on the floor?
  2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of open innovation and multidisciplinary collaboration in terms of team cohesion. What aspects of such teams, for example, may increase cohesiveness? Which aspects may reduce cohesiveness?
  3. Consider teams formed for multidisciplinary collaboration or as a result of open innovation in terms of role structure. Is role structure, for example, likely to be set or to evolve differently than it usually does in internal functional or task groups? How might the transmission of sent roles be more complicated? Is role ambiguity likely to be more prevalent? How about role conflict (in particular, intrarole conflict)?
  4. Gratton and Erickson describe two leadership styles among leaders of multidisciplinary teams:
    • relationship-oriented leaders tend to foster “an environment of trust and goodwill in which people are more likely to share knowledge”;
    • task-oriented leaders help “to make objectives clear, to create a shared awareness of the dimensions of the task, and to provide monitoring and feedback.”

    First of all, ask yourself which of these two leadership styles you’re more comfortable with. In other words, if you were assigned to lead a team, which leadership style would you probably bring to the task?Now assume that you have been assigned to lead a team of fellow students in drafting a proposed curriculum of required courses for freshmen and sophomores at your college. Naturally, the team consists of students with a broad range of majors. What will probably be your strengths as leader of your group? What will probably be your weaknesses?Finally, in trying to determine which style—relationship or task oriented—was most effective in leading collaborative teams, Gratton and Erickson concluded thatan emphasis throughout a project on one style at the expense of the other inevitably hindered the long-term performance of the team. … The most productive, innovative teams were typically led by people who were both task and relationship oriented. What’s more, these leaders changed their style during the project.Under what circumstances will you most likely have to change your leadership style in order to keep the group working effectively? Try to be specific in identifying circumstances that might arise over the course of your team project. What do you need to do in order to adjust your style to shifting circumstances?

Requirements: 1-2 paragraphs per questions, answer all bullet points.


University of Phoenix Housing Price Bubble Collapse & Foreclosures Paper Business Finance Assignment Help

Choose 1 of the following topics related to the Great Recession:

  • The housing price bubble, collapse, foreclosures, bailout of underwater mortgages
  • Subprime mortgages and derivatives, bailout of FNMA, Freddie Mac and AIG
  • The banking industry crisis, bailout of commercial and investment banks

Write a 350- to 700-word analysis of 1 of the following corrective actions taken by the Federal Reserve as a result of the crisis:

  • Quantitative easing
  • Purchase of toxic assets from financial institutions
  • Paying interest on reserve balances

Address the following in your analysis:

  • Actions taken by the Federal Reserve to mitigate the crisis
  • How the corrective action helped to restore stability to the financial system
  • How the corrective action should prevent recurrence of a similar crisis

Note: Use of charts and graphs is encouraged with appropriate citations. Any charts or graphs retrieved from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis FRED website may only be included when the data sources used by FRED are US government sources such as the Bureau of Economic Analysis or the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Cite at least 2 academically credible sources.


USC Budgetary Rationality and Incrementalism Discussion Humanities Assignment Help

In his seminal book, Politics of the Budgetary Process, political scientist Aaron Wildavsky criticized the call for “comprehensive rationality” in the budget process. Wildavsky’s research demonstrated that, despite calls for building a budget from the “ground up,” the federal budget was created incrementally, with little change in the base and adjustments on the margin. He argued that incremental budgeting is virtually unavoidable due to cognitive limitations and value conflict. This in turn makes it difficult to address large and increasing deficits, and contributes to political conflict that delays timely passage of the federal budget.

By Day 4, discuss the tensions between budgetary rationality and incrementalism in a post of approximately 250 words. Explicitly referencing the instructional media and readings, describe the factors that inhibit rationality in the budgetary process. Is incrementalism in budgeting to be expected and/or desired? How can one promote more rational budgetary planning in the face of partisan conflict and institutional constraints? two videos and article about the discussion:

By Day 7, respond to at least two student posts


OBD 5 University of The Cumberlands Personality and Values Concept Question Business Finance Assignment Help

Reflect on the assigned readings for the week. Identify what you thought was the most important concept(s), method(s), term(s), and/or any other thing that you felt was worthy of your understanding.

Also, provide a graduate-level response to each of the following questions:

a. Describe the Big Five personality dimension of emotional stability and discuss how it can predict behavior at work.

the post should be at least 450+ words and in APA format (including Times New Roman with font size 12 and double spaced).

Please refer to this textbox: Stephen P. Robbins, T. A. J. (2017). Essentials of Organizational Behavior, Student Value Edition (14TH 18 ed.). Pearson.

Note: no plagiarism please



BIBL 104 Liberty University Wk 4 Bible Teaching and Torah Laws Essay Humanities Assignment Help

Week Four Discussion Board Thread Instructions

$12 Summaries

With each word being worth 10 cents, write four $12 summaries of the reading from any four of the following chapters in Everyday Bible Study:

  • 15. Observe: How to Make Accurate Observations
  • 16. How to Use Multiple Translations of the Bible
  • 17. How to Ask Key Questions
  • 28. Interpret: How to Find the Meaning of the Bible
  • 29. Correlate: How to Connect Scripture to Other Scriptures
  • 30. Correlate: How to See Jesus in the Bible
  • 31. Apply: How to Live Out What You Learn
  • 32. How to Study the Old Testament Genres, Part 1: Law
  • 33. How to Study the Old Testament Genres, Part 2: Narrative
  • 34. How to Study the Old Testament Genres, Part 3: Wisdom and Poetry
  • 35. How to Study the Old Testament Genres, Part 4: Prophetic Literature

This means that in this assignment you are developing four summaries of 120 words each (one for each of the four chapters you selected). You should aim to create four summaries where each summary is between 100-120 words. Each of your summaries should not exceed the 120-word or $12 limit. For an example of this type of thread, please see the provided example in the Course Content folder.

BIBL 104 Liberty University Wk 4 Bible Teaching and Torah Laws Essay Humanities Assignment Help[supanova_question]

University of California Los Angeles Language Delays and Disorders Autism Paper Humanities Assignment Help

Throughout many weeks of the course, you explored theories that provide explanations for typical development. They focus on explaining the similarities—within a range—among humans in language and cognitive development. It is obvious from anecdotal experience that not all individuals develop in the same ways. Some have exceptional intelligence in a certain domain but a relative weakness in another. Other children may have a condition such as hearing impairment or speech disorder that affects language development but not cognitive development. Your course text presents several of the most common conditions that have implications for both. These include intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders, and Down syndrome, which are often diagnosed in childhood. For families with these conditions, they of course continue to be concerns throughout the lifespan. As well, there are conditions that appear as humans age. Acquired brain injury, neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s, or stroke may cause exceptionalities to normal cognitive performance in adulthood and especially later in life.

The body of research on characteristics, causes, and ways to treat these disorders continues to grow at an extraordinarily fast rate. For this Discussion, you will select a delay or disorder that affects language or cognition. You then will research the topic to identify its contributing factors and characteristics, as well as empirically supported strategies that could be implemented with individuals who have the delay or disorder.

To prepare:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources, considering atypical language and cognitive development broadly.
  • Select one language or cognitive delay or disorder (e.g., Down syndrome, specific language impairment, language aphasia, dementia, Alzheimer’s, autism spectrum disorder).
  • Search the Library for peer-reviewed articles within 5 years related to the delay or disorder you selected.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post an explanation of the delay or disorder you selected, including two contributing factors and two characteristics of the delay or disorder. Explain two strategies that could be used to provide support to individuals who have this delay or disorder and/or their caregivers.

Note: Put the name of the delay or disorder you selected in the title of your post.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources. Use proper APA format and citations.


Strayer Universityy Wk 5 Project Evaluate the Capital Investment Worksheet Writing Assignment Help

Project: Evaluate the Capital Investment


Shoals Corporation puts significant emphasis on cash flow when planning capital investments. The company chose its discount rate of 8 percent based on the rate of return it must pay its owners and creditors. Using that rate, Shoals Corporation then uses different methods to determine the most appropriate capital outlays.

This year, Shoals Corporation is considering buying five new backhoes to replace the backhoes it now owns. The new backhoes are faster, cost less to run, provide for more accurate trench digging, have comfort features for the operators, and have 1-year maintenance agreements to go with them. The old backhoes are working just fine, but they do require considerable maintenance. The backhoe operators are very familiar with the old backhoes and would need to learn some new skills to use the new backhoes.

The following information is available to use in deciding whether to purchase the new backhoes: See Chat in word doc


1. Evaluate, discuss, and compare whether to purchase the new equipment or overhaul the old equipment. (Hint: For the old machine, the initial investment is the cost of the overhaul. For the new machine, subtract the salvage value of the old machine to determine the initial cost of the investment.)

  • Calculate the net present value of the old backhoes and the new backhoes.
  • Discuss the net present value of each, including what the calculations reveal about whether the company should purchase the new backhoes or continue using the old backhoes.
  • Calculate the payback period for keeping the old backhoes and purchasing the new backhoes. (Hint: For the old machines, evaluate the payback of an overhaul.)
  • Discuss the payback method and what the payback periods of the old backhoes and new backhoes reveal about whether the company should purchase new backhoes or continue using the old backhoes. Calculate the profitability index for keeping the old backhoes and purchasing new backhoes.
  • Discuss the profitability index of each, including what the calculations reveal about whether the company should purchase the new backhoes or continue using the old backhoes.

2. Identify and discuss any intangible benefits that might influence this decision.
3. Answer the following: Should the company purchase the new backhoes or continue using the old backhoes? Explain your decision.

This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:

  • Analyze the financial condition of a company using vertical, horizontal, and ratio analysis to make informed decisions.


DM 626 The University of Alabama Business Continuity Discussion Business Finance Assignment Help

Review the text on pages 14-19. Examine each of the roles described. What might be some management challenges of getting all these folks on the same sheet? If you were the BC(M or O), what kinds of activities would you put into practice on a yearly basis in order to promote a true team spirit based on BC needs? After all, the manager of any enterprise should be its top cheerleader! Use two credible online citations in your response. Use APA format when citing them, of course.

Step one: Read Chapter 2 in its entirety. There is much in the form of “common understandings” in those pages. Step two: You are asked to find one important principle and develop a two-three -paragraph expansion in order to make the concept clearer. Do not use any outside sources here. As well, indicate why you chose that principle to discuss. Take your time with this one just to make sure your points are well taken. Remember, do not use any direct quotes from the text or other source. Your paraphrasing will do the job nicely.

Write your answer in 200 – 300 words, then write a response in 50 – 100 words to classmate’s post. ( Will provide it later).


MHAFP 5064 Capella University Vila Healthcare Executive Summary Health Medical Assignment Help

(I attached the simulation and info needed to do this assessment )

Complete a Vila Health interactive simulation in which you will interview health care providers and other professionals at Vila Health’s main hospital about their data needs. Then, write an executive summary, 5–6 pages in length, explaining the data needs of the organization and how they can be met.

Note: The assessments in this course build upon the work you have completed in the previous assessments. Therefore, complete the assessments in the order in which they are presented.

It is important to understand how data is used to connect with stakeholders and how managers use it to make decisions. Health care organizations must interpret data for their stakeholders to successfully meet their needs. Consider how and why a health care organization operating in a community would need to explain, to stakeholders, the type of patients it treats and the results of its treatments. It is also important to understand how health care organizations use data mining, gathering, and storage systems to support decision making.


Required Resources

The following resources are required to complete the assessment.

  • Vila Health: Using Data for Decision Making | Transcript.
    • This multimedia simulation will enable you to query health care providers and other professionals at Vila Health’s main hospital, St. Anthony Medical Center, about their data needs. You will use the information you gather to recommend strategies for meeting the overall data needs of the hospital.

    • Assessment Instructions

      Note: Complete the assessments in this course in the order in which they are presented.


      Vila Health plans to use existing data to develop a strategy for improving and ensuring communication and continuity within its growing system. As a member of the health information management department, you have been asked to help by proposing strategies for meeting the data needs of Vila Health.Complete the Vila Health: Using Data for Decision Making interactive simulation, linked in the Resources. Interview employees in various departments and develop an understanding of their data needs.


      Write an executive summary explaining the data needs of the organization and proposing strategies for meeting those needs.Note: Remember that you can submit all—or a portion of—your draft executive summary to Smarthinking for feedback, before you submit the final version for this assessment. If you plan on using this free service, be mindful of the turnaround time of 24–48 hours for receiving feedback.

      Document Format and Length

      Format your executive summary using APA style.

      • Use the APA Style Paper Template, linked in the Required Resources. An APA Style Paper Tutorial is also provided (linked in the Suggested Resources) to help you in writing and formatting your executive summary. Be sure to include:
        • A title page and references page. An abstract is not required.
        • A running head on all pages.
        • Appropriate section headings.
      • Your executive summary should be 5–6 pages in length, not including the title page and references page.
      Supporting Evidence

      Cite at least two sources of credible scholarly or professional evidence to support your executive summary.

      Executive Summary

      Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Be sure that your executive summary addresses each point, at a minimum. You may also want to read the Using Data for Decision Making Scoring Guide to better understand how each criterion will be assessed.

      • Describe the types of internal data available within a health care system.
        • Consider the data needs of decision makers, such as unit managers, department heads, and hospital administrators.
      • Describe the types of external data available within a health care system.
        • Consider the data needs of decision makers, such as unit managers, department heads, and hospital administrators.
      • Propose strategies for accessing and analyzing available data.
        • Consider the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy.
      • Provide a high-level summary of the data needs within the Vila Health system.
        • The summary should be suitable for leaders and high-level stakeholders.
        • How would you prioritize those needs?
      • Propose strategies for meeting the data needs of Vila Health.
        • Consider the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy.
      • Propose communication strategies for disseminating strategic information to end-users.
        • What evidence do you have to support your proposed strategies?
      • Write clearly and concisely, using correct grammar, mechanics, and APA formatting.
        • Express your main points and conclusions coherently.
        • Proofread your writing to minimize errors that could distract readers and make it more difficult for them to focus on the substance of your summary.


University of Southern California Budget Challenge Discussion Humanities Assignment Help

University of Southern California Budget Challenge Discussion Humanities Assignment Help

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