University of the Cumberlands Mobile Forensics Research Paper Computer Science Assignment Help

University of the Cumberlands Mobile Forensics Research Paper Computer Science Assignment Help. University of the Cumberlands Mobile Forensics Research Paper Computer Science Assignment Help.

write a research paper that answers the following questions:

  • What are mobile forensics and do you believe that they are different from computer forensics?
  • What is the percentage of attacks on networks that come from mobile devices?
  • What are challenges to mobile forensics?
  • What are some mobile forensic tools?
  • Should the analysis be different on iOS vs Android?

Your paper should meet the following requirements:

• Be approximately 4-6 pages in length, not including the required cover page and reference page.

• Follow APA7 guidelines. Your paper should include an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion.

Use at least two scholarly journal articles to support your positions, claims, and observations, in addition to the textbook.

Add citations.

University of the Cumberlands Mobile Forensics Research Paper Computer Science Assignment Help[supanova_question]

SMC Globalization and Things in the Environment That Have Changed Due To It Essay Humanities Assignment Help

My professor said,

Short Essay Question: Explain globalization and provide examples of at least two things in the environment that have changed as a result of globalization.

You must use points from class resource. As well at least one article and one film.


Article: Muller_The Flying Dutchman

Someone Else’s Problem?

Simone M. Müller

The “Flying Dutchmen”: Ships’ Tales of Toxic Waste in a Globalized World

Ships materialize the flows of globalization. Traversing the world’s oceans, they car- ry the containers filled with goods and people within global networks that sustain our global economy. Not on every voyage, though, is the cargo meant for global circulation, for exchange, or for re-entering social and economic networks at its node of destina- tion. Social, political, or economic considerations at the sending or receiving port—or both—can send these ships on voyages of no return and so end the material flows of globalization.

Maritime space, covering 70 percent of our planet, offers great locations where ob- jects—including goods as well as people—can be disposed of or put outside of the ter- ritorial jurisdiction more generally. At sea, unwanted shipments as well as the problems attached to them can easily be brought out of sight, at least temporarily. In the early modern era, for instance, the leper ships were one solution to a community’s epidemic health problems. As ghost ships, like the famous Flying Dutchman from seventeenth- century nautical folklore, these ships were destined to roam the world’s oceans and to never return to port again. In 1633, the Japanese emperor sent a ship full of lepers to Spanish missionaries in the Philippines with strict instructions for the captain to let them drown rather than allowing them to return (Wheeler 1913). Indeed, for centuries, the world’s oceans have been the ultimate receptacle for things unwanted by society: objects were dumped at sea, burned at sea, or simply set on a voyage of no return.

Starting in the post-World War II era, the world saw a resurgence of these “Flying Dutchmen” on the oceans in vast numbers. This time, however, these ghost and leper ships were not carrying the externalities of a social community ridding itself of outcasts scarred by a lethal disease, but the externalities of an economic system ridding itself of the non-recyclables of production: toxic waste. The ships’ tales were one of the indus- trial world’s most toxic by-products, such as PCBs or outdated chemical weapons from the wars in Korea and Vietnam, which were first dumped and later on burned at sea. In the end, these ghost ships transported toxic remnants of industrial production in the Global North along former colonial shipping routes to “disposal” sites in countries of the Global South. With increasing territorialization of ocean space by means of environmen-

tal regulation, however, the “Flying Dutchmen,” whose toxic cargo was doomed to sail forever without a proper destination, returned into sight ever more persistently. It was no longer possible for toxic waste to be out of sight as the “Dutchmen” loomed fiercely on the horizon. By the 1980s, the world had arrived at a global toxic waste crisis.

One of the twentieth century’s first “ghost ships” was a US military freighter loaded with outdated chemical weapons from the war in Vietnam. The LeBaron Russell Briggs last set sail on a voyage of no return into the Atlantic in the summer of 1969, just prior to the environmental turn of the 1970s. It was already late afternoon when the LeBaron Russell Briggs finally sank. For almost six hours the men aboard USS Hartley had watched the aging Liberty ship and its 418 coffins of lethal nerve gas slowly making its way nearly 5 kilometers deep into a watery grave. Their mission, CHASE 13, was the last of a series of ocean disposal programs by the US Army between 1964 and 1970. With these missions, the US military got rid of unwanted material, primarily outdated chemical munitions, on old ships which it then scuttled at sea. Its acronym CHASE stood for “Cut Holes and Sink ’Em” (Ross and Amter 2010).

While previous missions had remained relatively under the radar, CHASE 13 received enormous political and media attention in the summer of 1969. It spurred wild pro- tests among conservationist and radical student groups in the US that were engaged in anti-Vietnam activities more generally. For US environmentalism, operation CHASE 13 represented an important landmark. The military operation marked the end of a period in US environmental history that had seen the shift from conservationism to environ- mentalism, the growth of grassroots activism, and a general rising awareness of topics on pollution and environmental protection. Spurred on by Rachel Carson’s best-selling publication Silent Spring in 1962 and framed by the Santa Barbara Oil Spill in 1969, Americans increasingly voiced their concerns about their environment (Matthew 2013). After CHASE 13, they also had a term for their discourse on toxic materiality: hazardous waste. A problem that had been “unnamed” beforehand had received its own terminol- ogy with operation CHASE 13 (Rome 2003).

Operation CHASE 13 also “environmentalized” maritime space with regards to toxic waste. Succumbing to public and political pressures, the Nixon administration passed the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act, commonly known as the “Ocean Dumping Act,” in October 1972. This put an end not only to the military’s but also the US

industry’s practice of dumping millions of tons of chemical waste. In 1973, the London Ocean Dumping Convention internationalized the American approach. It mandated all contracting parties to “prevent dumping in the ocean which would endanger human health, harm marine life, infringe upon the uses of the oceans for pleasure, or interfere with other legitimate uses thereof.” The oceans no longer functioned as the world’s ulti- mate receptacle for toxic waste.

Shortly after the London Convention came another chapter in the story of the modern “Flying Dutchmen.” In December 1974 a “strange-looking ship” was tied up at the port of Houston, Texas: the Vulcanus. Named after the Roman god of fire, the freighter was painted in “a garish yellow with large black smokestacks aft.” With a “good deal of Ger- man efficiency,” according to the Philadelphia Inquirer, the German-designed ship was to solve one of the Gulf of Mexico’s most pressing environmental and economic issues: toxic waste disposal. For years, the petrochemical industry that ringed the gulf had indiscriminately, and “with little public attention and only a minimum of government control,” dumped million tons of chemical waste into the Gulf (Chriss 1974). With the Ocean Dumping Act, however, this cheap opportunity to bring toxic materiality out of sight had passed. Instead of disposing their externalities from production cheaply in the Atlantic Ocean, the industries of the Gulf now began accumulating their “most noxious wastes” on land, posing a major pollution problem for the Gulf area.

The Vulcanus had been re-fitted as a waste incinerator ship in 1972. Although the ship was registered in Singapore, it was operated by the Dutch firm, Ocean Combustion Services, which was a subsidiary of the German shipping company Hansa. In 1972, it contained two incinerators, which according to joint studies by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Shell could destroy 99.35 percent of the dangerous waste material. The ship took on the waste in liquid form. The liquid was then placed in holding tanks and fed at sea into the incinerators, which burned the waste at 1,400 degrees Celsius (Chriss 1974). At the time, the Vulcanus operated primarily in the North Sea out of the Rotterdam ship yard, but it also served chemical waste disposal globally. Aside from its European jobs conducted in the North Sea and Shell’s chemical waste in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship also took on jobs in the South Pacific. In 1977, it burned eight million liters of Agent Orange that were “left over” from the Vietnam War (Zeit 1984).

While the Vulcanus operated clearly “out of sight” from most land inhabitants, protests surrounding Shell and the EPA’s experiments with ocean incineration settled on the fact that the toxic waste ship was still too close to shore. Ocean incineration ships were to operate 170 miles (274 km) from shore; for the concerned US public, this was not far enough away. In the mid-1980s, opposition was fierce against ocean incineration. The attorney generals of the states of Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama threatened to sue the EPA if it were to go ahead with its plans of ocean incineration in the Gulf of Mexico. While American proponents of ocean incineration of toxic waste claimed that it was “environmentally sound,” its critics doubted scientific evidence and questioned whether an accident at sea could in fact be cleaned up. “If it’s so safe,” argued Texas governor Mark White at a US Senate hearing, “why do they want to go 170 miles out to sea to incinerate?” (Mathewson 1985). In the end, ocean incineration did not stand a chance against opposition in the US.

Like Shell and the EPA, the city of Philadelphia also experimented with ocean incinera- tion as an alternative to ocean dumping in the 1980s. But similarly, it failed to establish this as a permanent practice by the city’s toxic waste management. Seemingly lacking other options in the face of empty pockets and a “Mount Everest of ash” that had risen behind the gates of its waste treatment facilities, in the summer of 1985 the municipality asked waste traders Paolino and Sons to load another ship named the Khian Sea with toxic cargo. The ship left Philadelphia in September 1986 loaded with 14,000 tons of toxic ash from Philadelphia’s waste incinerators. Its initial destinations were the Baha- mas and then Panama, where the ash was to be used for a road-building project along Panama’s fragile wetland areas. In the end, it was a report of the US EPA which caused both governments to have second thoughts. Worried about importing an environmental time bomb, both withdrew their landing rights for the Khian Sea (Moyers 1990).

This withdrawal was the starting point of the ship’s fateful voyage: for 27 months it roamed the world’s oceans in an unsuccessful attempt to find an (il)legal dumping ground for its cargo: traveling from the Bahamas to Panama and finally to Haiti, where the ship dumped 4,000 tons of Philadelphia’s toxic ash as “fertilizer.” After leaving Haiti, the Khian Sea continued its search for a dumping ground for the remaining cargo on to the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Guinea-Bissau, the Netherland Antilles, and Sri

Lanka. After more than two years at sea, the ship reappeared as Pelicano in Singapore in November 1988—without its cargo. Its captain stated that the trash had been unloaded, but refused to say where. Greenpeace asserted that the toxic material had been dumped in the Indian Ocean. Moreover, facing a whole fleet of “Flying Dutchmen,” environmen- tal action groups and concerned media outlets saw an era of “garbage imperialism” looming large on the horizon, when industrial nations would send their waste to disposal sites in “third-world” countries (Morris 1987).

The public outcry following media reports on the Khian Sea, the Mobro, the Karen B and other toxic waste ships of the time led environmental NGOs and developing countries to rally behind the cause of regulating the export of toxic waste. In early 1994, their alli- ance was successful in bringing about a ban on the waste trade between industrial and less-industrialized countries within the context of the Basel Convention on the Trans- boundary Movement of Hazardous Waste and Its Disposal (Clapp 1994). After the ban of ocean dumping and the failure to introduce ocean incineration as a common practice, the Basel Convention added another facet to regulating ocean space environmentally. Ocean space where nations were “free” to dump their toxic externalities had become increasingly limited by the 1990s. Ironically, it was these regulations aimed at “green- ing” ocean space that made the problem of toxic waste disposal ever more pressing and ever more visible.

In the late 1980s, the Khian Sea’s fateful voyage had come to represent many other ships populating the world’s oceans on their voyages of no return. But it was the equally hapless voyages of the LeBaron Russell Briggs in 1969 and the Vulcanus in 1974 which had laid the foundation. All three waste barges symbolized the world’s growing crisis with toxic waste after the 1970s. Just like the phantom Flying Dutchman signified the shadowy other, reminiscent of death and decay to early modern mariners, those toxic waste ships represented the ephemeral other of an economic system based on growth and profit maximization. And so concerned contemporaries saw the Khian Sea, like its mythical predecessor, as a portent of doom: the world was to drown in its toxic waste.

Today, the media relegates a different cargo to the “Flying Dutchmen”—people. Instead of lepers, now they are men and women of African descent attempting to cross the

Mediterranean to find refuge in the safe haven of Europe. But as their captain and crew jumped ship, they are, just like the toxic waste barges of the 1990s, doomed to roam the oceans forever. While the problems require very different solutions, they point out the same human mechanism of dealing with unwelcome objects: out of sight, out of mind. The only difficulty is that some things keep on reappearing.


Asante-Duah, D. K., and Imre V. Nagy. 1998. International Trade in Hazardous Wastes. London: E & FN Spon.
Brownell, Emily. 2011. “Negotiating the New Economic Order of Waste.” Environmental History
16: 262–89.

Chriss, Nicholas. 1974. “Incinerator Ship May Burn Off Noxious Wastes.” Philadelphia Inquirer, 1 December.
Clapp, Jennifer. 1994. “The Toxic Waste Trade with Less-Industrialized Countries: Economic Linkages and Political Alliances.” Third World Quarterly 15 (3): 505–18.
Hamblin, Jacob D. 2008. Poison in the Well: Radioactive Waste in the Oceans at the Dawn of the Nuclear Age. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
Hilz, Christoph. 1992. An Investigation of the International Toxic Waste Trade. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Mathewson, J. 1985. “Incineration on the High Seas.” Science News 127 (26): 406.

Matthew, Richard A. 2013. “Environmental Security.” In Environmental Policy: New Directions for the Twenty-First Century, edited by Norman J. Vig, 344–67. Thousand Oaks, CA: CQ Press.
Morris, David. 1987. “Garbage Imperialism: Let’s Force Cities to Keep Wastes in Their Own Back- yard.” Los Angeles Times, 18 May.
Moyers, Bill D. 1990. Global Dumping Ground: The International Traffic in Hazardous Waste. Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press.

Rome, Adam. 2003. “‘Give Earth a Chance’: The Environmental Movement and the Sixties.” The Journal of American History 90 (2): 525–54.

Ross, Benjamin, and Steven Amter. 2010. The Polluters: The Making of Our Chemically Altered Environment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wheeler, Margaret Marion. 1913. “The Culion Leper Colony.” The American Journal of Nursing
13 (9): 663–66.

Zeit. 1984. “Dioxin, der Rächer aus der Retorte.” 2 March.


Film: Environmental Impacts and Sustainability- Issues in Globalization_transcript

From cars to clothes and electronics, advances in technology have allowed companies to manufacture products wherever in the world it’s cheapest to do so. It’s called globalization. For people in Europe and the USA, it’s brought prices down. And for Bangladesh, it’s meant massive industrial growth.

But environmentally, it’s often been a disaster. Coming up, we travel to Bangladesh’s slums to discover just how polluted the textiles industry can be, and why they pollute. We asked what different governments are doing to get the industry to clean up its act. And in the UK, we find out why going green is saving Axminster Carpets a fortune.

Welcome to Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh and home to around four million textile workers. Low cost labor’s helped Bangladesh become one of the largest textile producers in the world. In fact, there’s a pretty good chance that some of the clothes you’re wearing right now were made there. With thousands of factories employing millions of people across the country, textiles accounts for 80% of Bangladesh’s exports. And the desire to develop often means environmental concerns don’t make it on to the government’s agenda.

When I ask the industrialists, the garment industry owner, or the fabrics dyeing owner, why don’t you set up ETP? They say, there’s a big competition in the international market. They always ask for cheap rate. So if we set up ETP, we won’t be able to provide them cheap clothes. Then we’ll lose our money. So we’ll lose our business. They will go to the other country. That’s why we don’t set up ETP, and we are polluting the environment.

Keeping textile factories running requires vast amounts of energy and resources. In Bangladesh, the industry’s dominated by cotton. And turning each ton of raw cotton into finished fabric uses about 65,000 kilowatt hours of power, and takes 250 tons of water. It’s no surprise that almost 3/4 of the water is used for what are called wet processes– things like washing, bleaching, and dyeing.

Companies are attracted to Bangladesh because of its low tax rates. That’s good for them. But it means the government has limited funds to control pollution. Most of Bangladesh’s energy is produced by gas and coal fired power stations. And that means almost all the electricity used in the factories adds to pollution and CO2 emissions.

When it comes to water, Bangladesh might be one of the wettest countries in the world. But a lack of funds means the supply network is run down. Factories often get priority over people for water. And as the textiles industry uses so much water, large numbers of people don’t have access to supplies at home.

As the textiles industry continues to grow, the situation looks set to get worse. But water and energy use aren’t the main reason textile production can impact on the environment.

From inks and dyes to caustic soda and all sorts of alkalis and bleaches, most of the wet processes in textile production involve potentially harmful chemicals. The result is that Bangladesh’s textiles industries produce around 56 million tons of contaminated water a year. That’s enough to fill 22 and 1/2 thousand Olympic swimming pools.

And if that water’s allowed to leave the factories untreated, it can have a massive impact on the environment. This river runs through one of the main textiles and tannery areas in Dhaka. It’s one example of just how bad textiles pollution can get. Untreated waste from dyeing and washing processes
flows freely from the factories. And that’s not the only thing going straight into this river.

If this film could convey the stench, you’d soon realize that this river is in fact an open sewer. And in case you’re wondering what the brown stuff is, it’s untreated human feces. As a TV journalist, Shahed Alam is all too aware of the health consequences these levels of pollution have for people downstream.

So there’s a kind of a rounder here– the continuous forces of disease that’s killing. But as there are some rickshaw pullers, and some earn money from selling the waste material, so they have the very limited income. So that they are bound to live here. But the environment is getting worse day by day.

This water was a kind of river once upon a time. But now you see the color of the water is getting worse day by day. We can’t stop our children to swim in this water sometimes. And then they get sick. So that’s the problem of staying here.

And globalization isn’t just affecting people’s health in Dhaka. From China to India, South Korea and Vietnam, as industrialization increases, so too does pollution. And as more and more people flock to the world’s rapidly growing cities in search of work, it’s a situation that looks set to get worse.

And pollution from factories doesn’t just affect people. It interferes with the entire ecosystem. One measure of water quality is the amount of dissolved oxygen it contains. Eight to nine milligrams a liter is the standard that’s needed to support aquatic life. Around Dhaka, the levels frequently fall below one. And that means these rivers are biologically dead.

And in Dhaka and other rapidly industrializing cities, it’s not just waterborne pollution that can impact on the environment. Lots of industrial processes release harmful gases. These don’t just affect the people working in the factories. The whole city’s air quality suffers, too. And with people often living in cramped conditions next to the factories, sometimes airborne pollution can have more serious consequences.

Shahed’s following up rumors that a broken dye house extractor has resulted in potentially lethal gases being pumped into the homes of 1,200 textile workers living above a factory in Tejgaon in central Dhaka.

In the very early of the morning, there is a pipe. We found the bad smell, and the guys who were sitting there, suddenly they get senseless then. And I was very shocked. I didn’t understand, what happened, what happened. I see the boy is senseless. I went to him. Then I found that the boy’s wife is also senseless.

Then I can’t understand what to do. Then I talked to the manager. Then I came back again. I saw my wife is senseless.

50 people were hospitalized as a result of the gas leak. Luckily, nobody died. Fortunately, leaks like this are rare. And in the long term, can force people to act. As Bangladesh’s textiles industry continues to grow, pressure from the government, buyers, and consumers means many factory owners are reducing their impact on the environment by cutting down the amount of water and energy they use, phasing out harmful chemicals, and treating their waste before it leaves the factory.

Nurul Hoque is the operations director for Padma Dyeing and Weaving. Every month, this factory produces 22,000 kilometers of cotton fabric, enough to go more than halfway around the world. So whether it’s laying hundreds of meters of cotton onto the giant rolls, weaving on one of over 100 state of the art electric looms, or washing, bleaching, or dyeing and finishing, everything they do here is on a pretty massive scale.
It also means they use phenomenal amounts of water and energy, and produce vast quantities of potentially polluting waste. But pressure from government and buyers means environmental concerns are becoming impossible to ignore.

Nowadays, government gets stricter on this way. And the other thing’s from the buyer. They are getting not order, no order from the buyer. Because buyer, they are coming here. They are asking, and they are checking physically. And even they are checking for our fire hydrant system also, health system also. And everything they are checking. Then they are putting orders.

To keep the inspectors happy, Nurul’s company have invested in new machinery. These rollers are one part of a continuous dyeing system that’s significantly reduced water and energy consumption. Working to capacity, machines like these can process 160 meters of fabric a minute.

Not only are they more energy efficient than most dyeing techniques, they also use about one seventh of the amount of water needed previously. Of course, they might be using less energy and water. But what’s left still contains a lot of different chemicals.

Waste water, it’s a mixture of dyes and chemicals such as peroxide, alkalis, sodium hydroxide, wetting agents, some detergents, also [UNINTELLIGIBLE] sizing agents. And some dye particles, like I told you. They are the main things.

Not so long ago, the cocktail of chemicals coming out of the factory used to flow straight into local canals and rivers. But these days, it’s a different story. This is the holding tank for Padma’s effluent treatment plant, or ETP for short. It was built in response to the government’s Environmental Conservation Act, passed in 1995.

By law, large scale polluters have to have their own treatment plants. At Nurul’s factory, all the waste water, or effluent, is treated with carefully controlled amounts of chemicals. These cause the dye and other particles to separate out, forming a thick sludge or crust. The treated effluent then passes through a series of settlement and aeration tanks. The result’s clear water.

It’s not completely pure, but it is clean enough to meet government standards, and can now be discharged into natural water causes. To make sure it’s working, the water’s checked twice a day. But building and running treatment plants costs money, adding around [? 2p ?] to every meter of fabric that Padma produces.

Fear of losing orders to cheaper competitors prevents many factory owners from installing ETPs. And until recently, it didn’t really matter. Because the laws weren’t enforced.

The civil society, the environmentalists, and the media, they have been fighting for this in asking government to compel the industrialists to set ETP in their industry. There was a lot of litigation. The high court ordered the government. So it is happening for years.

But there’s still those industrialists, they are not installing the ETP. They say their production cost will go up. Some of them have installed it, but they don’t use it. Because others, they are not using it, so they’re losing some money.

As the government begins to take some of the worst offenders to court, the hope is that Dhaka’s rivers will begin to recover. But 50 years ago, pollution on this scale was also common in the world’s developed countries. And for manufacturers that remain in these areas, tougher and tougher laws mean continually finding new strategies– not just to minimize pollution, but to reduce their impacts on the environment.
Locating a textile factory in a National Park in the UK might not sound like a great idea. But when Axminster Carpets bought this site near Dartmoor, environmental laws barely existed. And being next to the River Dart meant there was loads of water for turning fleeces into dyed yarns ready for weaving carpets.

Because wool starts life on the back of a sheep, when it gets here it contains pesticides, leaves, and mud. And that means every fleece has to be washed, bleached, and rinsed using detergents and other chemicals. It’s a process called scouring. Once the fleeces have been twisted and spun to make the yarn, the next step’s dyeing.

Lengths of wool are hung on racks, and then lowered into giant baths of near boiling dye. Every day, this factory uses about 400 tons of water. But that also means they produce 400 tons of waste for the dyes, chemicals, and other pollutants. And until recently, they had to pay twice to dispose of every single liter.

As one of the treatment plants on site, to meet legal requirements, they also had to pay the local sewage company hundreds of thousands of pounds a year to treat the waste again. Nowadays, it’s a different story.

The building behind us is our water treatment plant. It’s something that Axminster Carpets is very proud of. Its role is to treat all of the waste water that comes from the dying and the scouring that happens at the plants. And then we discharge that clean water back into our plants. So theoretically, it’s a closed loop system.

Sophie O’Callaghan’s the sustainable energy manager for Axminster Carpets. Her goal is to reduce the company’s carbon emissions by 20%. And this two million pound water treatment plant is all part of the plan. Water from the scouring and dyeing areas is cleaned using a two-stage filtration process.

The first stage removes all the particles. And the second stage, the dyes. And rather than putting all the treated water down the drain, the clever bit about this plant is that it cleans it well enough to be stored in tanks and reused the next day. It saves Axminster Carpets a fortune. Because they don’t have to pay to take water out of the river, or to dispose of waste.

The permit here allows the site to discharge about 400 cubic meters a day of contaminated water to sewer. So that would have required a similar figure to have been taken out of the river. Now the effluent treatment plant is in place, there’s only actually a very small proportion discharged to site.

And because 95% or more of the water is actually reused in the dye house and other processes on site, the only water required is that small percentage to top it back up. So it’s a small fraction of the water that was previously used on site on a daily basis.

As a pollution prevention and control officer for the environment agency, part of Spence’s job is to check the systems companies have in place to make sure they’re meeting legal requirements. But most of his work involves liaising with businesses to develop strategies that reduce carbon emissions and make them more sustainable in the long term.

And building and running the treatment plant hasn’t just reduced the amount of water needed. Because it’s treated on site and stored in insulated tanks, when the recycled water reaches the dye house, it’s already at 49 degrees. And that’s dramatically reduced the amount of energy used to heat it up.
So before, all of the hot water that was coming out of the dye vats, that’s coming out about 98 degrees, so very close to boiling. That was all going straight down the drain, effectively. Now, that water goes back into the process. So we’re getting nice hot water back. So we’re starting our dyeing at hotter temperature and saving a lot of energy there.

The dye house might still be the biggest energy consumer on the site. But after the hanks have been dyed, they have to be washed and then dried. And that uses a lot of energy, too. As ways of improving insulation on the ovens, Sophie and her team are looking at ways of recovering heat from the dye house and using that for heating the ovens.

And that’s not the only way Sophie’s hoping to reduce energy consumption on site.

We’ve got cultural awareness campaigns with all the staff to get them engaged, get them turning off lights and thinking about what they can be doing. We’re looking at energy efficient lights and techniques. Possibly installing solar panels, if we can. Getting our energy from renewable sources, like the solar panels, like a renewable boiler.

Combining all these measures with the savings from the new treatment plant means Sophie’s well on track to meet her 20% energy reduction target. And with government starting to penalize companies with big carbon footprints, it’s a pattern that’s repeated across the developed world. And cutting energy consumption and recycling waste water aren’t the only ways Axminster Carpets are reducing their impacts on the environment.

It might look like any old underlay. But this is the Axfelt 65. It’s the result of a research project between Axminster Carpets and Leeds University. The idea wasn’t just to come up with a quality underlay, but more importantly, to make use of waste streams from Axminster’s factories.

This is the first blend that [UNINTELLIGIBLE]. And this will contain chewed up carpets, edge trimmings, high-twist wool, and some of the fibers, maybe nylons. But predominantly, will be about 80% wool.

After being weighed and turned in to a web, layers of waste wool are stitched together using a needle punching machine. Working to capacity, this single line can reprocess half a ton of waste fibers an hour. And the plant’s been so successful that Axminster have had to start sourcing waste wool and fibers from other producers.

We’re having to buy from all of over manufacturers in Britain. And we’re even importing from the continent. There’s literally a shortage, and we’re having to scour the world now to get our waste products.

And textiles aren’t the only waste materials that go into making the underlay. This is a mixture of latex and rubber crumb. The latex is a byproduct of oil refining, and the rubber comes from old truck tires. New European laws already mean that manufacturers of electrical equipment have to pay– not just for the cost of making products, but also to dispose of them when they reach the end of their life.

And with these laws soon to be extended to other industries, for Axminster recycling their own waste is just the beginning.

Our customers are trying to put the [UNINTELLIGIBLE] on us to take back our carpet. And certainly we’re looking at plans to recycle our carpet as it is, just clean it up. Or to clean it up, and then chop it up and then put it into our underfelts or other insulation products.

This is merely the start. We hope to be much bigger in recycling. We have to do it. It’s not only a moral case for it, but also there’s a strong financial case.
Meeting tough environmental standards might be saving Axminster money, but for most industries in the developed world, it represents a significant cost. And that gets passed on to the consumer. It’s also why manufacturing’s been moving to countries where cash-strapped governments say they can’t afford to worry about the environmental impacts of industry.

And without support from governments in the developed world, the situation’s unlikely to change.

Recycling waste isn’t just something that happens in developed countries. It’s going on all around the world. The only difference is, that rather than being driven by environmental laws, it’s usually the result of poverty. Around the tannery area in Dhaka, hundreds of women collect scraps of leather and grind them up to sell as food for fish farms.

But even with this system, you don’t have to look far to find industrial waste, blocking roads and clogging up drains and rivers. In Bangladesh and other rapidly industrializing countries, the pace of change has been so fast that many haven’t yet passed anti-pollution laws. And even where they have, governments desperate to create jobs and generate foreign income lack the will or resources to enforce them.

Globalization might have reduced the cost of consumer goods around the world. But for those who have to live with its negative impacts every day, there’s little doubt about who should pay.

I would say to the consumer from the developed world, they are polluting our environment so that they can get their clothes in cheap rate. I have seen in the West, they do care for their environment. They keep their river clean, they keep their environment clean. So they do care for their environment.

But it is not fair if they don’t care for our environment. So I must say, those people, they should take the responsibility. They should care for our environment, as well. They should pay for our safety of our environment.

It might not be the message we want to hear. But until those of us who have benefited from the new global world bring pressure on governments to act, perhaps we need to take responsibility for the pollution, environmental destruction, and loss of fragile ecosystems that occur in order to make many of the consumer goods we use every day.


Virginia Impact of Global Markets Operating Structure Due To COVID 19 Review Business Finance Assignment Help

Impact of Global Markets operating structure due to COVID 19 and how they are developing their marketing strategies to target the audiences and keep their business running in different ways.

In the current world of global markets many things have been changed due to COVID 19. Most of the companies have changed their operating procedures. Some of them closed their in-store operations and transitioned to online operations. In order to strive the change in the global markets, they will need to come up with different strategies to target the audience. Even though we are in 2020 there are still many countries which are not advanced in technology, so in such scenarios many global companies face the challenge of online selling. But most of these companies lack proper innovative strategy which helps them to reach out to the correct audience on a global level. Even after post COVID 19 situation some of the companies may not come back to traditional in-store structure. So, it’s very critical for all the companies mostly the retail companies to have a smooth transition by adapting to these current economic and Market changes. This paper will focus on how the businesses are coping up with the change and what different strategies are they trying to build, so that they can overcome this change which is caused due global pandemic.

Part 1 – Using the above Marketing Research topic, write a 1.5 page introduction, below are the topics to cover in Introduction

Defining Global Markets Operating Structure

Impact of Covid 19 in current Markets

How the companies are developing their marketing strategies to target the audiences and keep their business running in different ways in current Covid situation?

Part 2 – Utilizing any one of the Journal articles, conduct a Critical Article Review. The article selected for the purposes of this discussion should be a research study related to the marketing topic ( 2 pages), below are the topics to cover.

Operating Structure of the companies utilizing marketing models

Identifying most impacted markets

Marketing models and transition to current changes

Transformation Methods and Processes


Critical Article Review

Guidelines for the formatting of the critical article review are provided below.

Study Purpose

Discuss the purpose of the study and the problem(s) studied and/or research question(s) identified.


Provide a summary of the literature review discussed in the study.

Was the background literature reviewed relevant to the study’s purpose?

Research Design

Discuss the design of the research study by responding to the following questions:

What are the hypotheses or research questions being addressed?

Describe the method(s) used to answer the research questions or support/reject the hypotheses.

Discuss the sampling method(s) used.

Are the participants described in adequate detail?

Was the sampling method appropriate to the study purpose?

Discuss reliability and validity as it relates to your study.

Research Findings

Describe the methods of data analysis.

What were the findings of the study?

Research Conclusions

What did the study conclude?

Were any limitations of the study identified?

Discuss how the information provided in the article is useful in the topic you plan to study.

Make sure to include in text citation as well as reference citations


BUS 3100 SU W3 Human Resource Management Discussion Business Finance Assignment Help

Class: BUS310021VA016-1206-001:Human Resource Management

Assignment: Imagine you are the HR manager at a company, and a female employee came to you upset because she felt a male coworker was creating a hostile work environment by repeatedly asking her out on dates even after she said “no”. How would you respond to the complaint?


Tough Conversations
Due Week 3 and worth 160 points.

Imagine you are the HR manager at a company, and a female employee came to you upset because she felt a male coworker was creating a hostile work environment by repeatedly asking her out on dates even after she said “no.” What would you do?

Write a plan for how would you approach your conversation with each employee, including the most essential topics to cover. As you write your plan, think about what your goals are for this situation and how each conversation will help you achieve those goals.

You will create and submit your assignment by using the ecree link. Just click on the link, and start writing. Your work will be saved automatically. You’ll see some feedback on the right-hand side of the screen, including text and videos to help guide you in the writing process. When you’re ready, you can turn in your assignment by clicking Submit at the bottom of the page.

Click the assignment link to start your assignment in ecree. Please note that ecree works best in Firefox and Chrome.

Write a 5–7 paragraph paper in which you:

Write a plan for the conversation you would have with the employee, based on the concepts found in your textbook. What are the most important points you would need to cover in this conversation, and why?
Write a plan for the conversation you would have with the employee’s male co-worker, based on the concepts found in your textbook. What are the most important points you would need to cover in this conversation, and why?
Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:
This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course.
Include at least one reference to support your paper.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Create a plan for approaching tough conversations with employees, including a rationale for the most essential topics to cover.

Start from a Previous Draft


ECE 203 Ashford University Week 2 Developmentally Appropriate Practices PPT Humanities Assignment Help

One of the most important aspects of your role as an educator will be to effectively plan developmentally appropriate learning experiences for each child. An important part of your ability to create effective learning opportunities is the learning environment you create for children. This assignment is your opportunity to put together a cohesive plan for your dream learning environment for young children.

To prepare for this assignment, read the following scenario: Imagine you are given the opportunity to set up your dream classroom learning environment. What would it look like? Create a plan for what your ideal early childhood classroom would look like, keeping in mind each of the different learning domains.

Consider reviewing the Microsoft Office resource Tips for Creating and Delivering an Effective Presentation (Links to an external site.) to make sure your presentation is professionally designed. For this assignment, you will elaborate on your own slides by providing slide notes.

To prepare for your assignment,

In your five- to seven-slide Power Point presentation, include the following:

  • Developmental Age: On one slide, recalling the scenario above as your frame of reference for this assignment, state what age level you are creating this environment for and why you want to work with this age level. In the slide notes, elaborate on your bullet points in at least one paragraph.
  • Developmental Milestones: On one slide, list the top five developmental milestones that are important to consider at this age level (e.g., for infants, developing secure attachments with adults). In the slide notes, for each developmental milestone, provide a one-paragraph rationale for it being in the top five and include support from at least one scholarly source.
  • Learning Environment Considerations: On one slide, describe the top five considerations that must be made while setting up the learning environment for this age group (e.g., posters at eye level, etc.). In the slide notes, give a detailed explanation of your rationale in at least one paragraph, using at least one scholarly source for support.
  • Classroom Set-Up Requirements: On two to three slides, explain each of the seven areas of your future classroom listed below. In the slide notes, in one paragraph for each point, elaborate and provide support from at least one scholarly source.
    • What larger furniture will you utilize in your classroom (e.g., desks, tables, etc.)?
    • What teaching materials will you need?
    • How will you set up the various areas or stations in your learning environment?
    • How will you assess each child’s growth?
    • How will you accommodate atypically developing children?
    • How will you incorporate families into your learning environment (e.g., family meeting space, communication board, etc.)?
    • How is play incorporated into your learning environment?

The Developmentally Appropriate Environments presentation

  • Must be five to seven slides in length (not including title and references pages, but including the completed observation checklist) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)’s APA Style (Links to an external site.) resource.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two scholarly sources in addition to the course text.
  • Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) guide.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.) resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.
  • Review the Writing Center’s Grammarly (Links to an external site.) page before you submit your written assignment; set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then, carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.



Mining University of the Cumberlands W4 Association Analysis Discussion Computer Science Assignment Help



Week 4 Discussion: Association Analysis

Association rules are created by searching data for frequent if-then patterns and using the criteria support and confidence to identify the most important relationships. Association rule mining has a number of applications and is widely used to help discover sales correlations in transactional data or in medical data sets. Discuss what is association rule mining explain Apriori algorithm? Why use support and confidence? Explain how to generate frequent itemset generation using hashing algorithm.

Filling the number of required 200 words or more for the discussion: 25 percent

  • Providing a comprehensive discussion of the topic: 25 percent
  • Justifying ideas and responses by using appropriate examples and references from texts, Web sites, other references, or personal experience and cited the sources in the correct: 25 percent

Mining University of the Cumberlands W4 Association Analysis Discussion Computer Science Assignment Help[supanova_question]

AA 3302 University of Houston Communication Challenges at Cemex Analysis HW Business Finance Assignment Help

  • #01 Case Analysis

    Attached Files:

    #01-Case Study AnalysisCommunication Challenges at Cemex, page 61, chapter 02:You recently joined Cemex and quickly became an enthusiastic user of the company’s Shift collaboration platform, particularly its wiki capability. In your brief time being involved with the wiki, you have observed some behavior that runs counter to the spirit of collaborative writing. Study these two scenarios and decide how to respond.Individual Challenge (Do NOT WRITE THIS TITLE IN YOUR CASE ANALYSIS):An employee in Spain keeps editing your pages on the wiki, often making changes that seem to add no value as far as you can tell. She doesn’t seem to be editing other employees’ pages nearly so often, so you are beginning to wonder whether she has a personal grudge against you. You want to address this uncomfortable situation without dragging your boss into it. First, decide how to approach your contentious colleague. Should you call her on the phone, send her an email message, or perhaps insert a sarcastic comment about excessive editing on one of her WIKI pages? Second, whichever mode of communication you’ve chosen, outline the message you think you should share with her.Instructions: Organize your response to the case questions by using the formatting and content discussion sections outlined below. Discuss your answers to the case questions, but do not list the questions in your paper.

    Format and Layout for Case Study Analysis: Use the following sections in your one page case study analysis (Using the MS Word Template will set your case analysis up with these subheadings). Your paper should have a 1 in margin on all sides of the paper and use a 12 point font style. Use Single spacing with a double space between the head and the paragraph and in between paragraphs.

    1. Case Title: Communication Challenges at Cemex Case Analysis by Your Name
    2. Single Space the document, l eave a blank line after each section heading and between sections.
    3. Use the attached case analysis template to set up your case with the Section headings the following section titles (Center the section titles and leave a blank line between the section title and your discussion. NOTE: DO NOT WRITE IN QUESTIONS IN THE CASE PAPER-DISCUSS THE ISSUES, THINGS THAT YOU ARE CONSIDERING AND YOUR STRATEGY AND PLANNED RESPONSE TO SOLVING THE CASE PROBLEM!
    • Identification of Issues – Give an overview of the workplace environment and discuss the issues or problem(s) that are taking place.
    • Issues Analysis – Analyze the issues or problems in terms of impact upon the workplace environment, employees, working relationships. Use examples to explain or illustrate the importance of the issues or problems identified and how these issues or problems impact the workplace and the people who work there.
    • Solution Recommendations – Discuss your solution and explain how and why your solution will resolve the workplace issue or problem.

    3. ReferencesUse your book as a reference. Cite the book source that you use in APA style, use the attached APA for Academic Writing Handout. Linkage to Course Content – use APA Citation Style (CITEFAST- Information on how to get and use the RefMe App is located in the Social Media Proposal Project content area (course Menu) and Ref Me folder. Note: For every reference, you should have an in-text citation that lists the author’s information and matches or links to the complete reference citation on the Reference page. Learn about APA citation format and style by visiting review the information there and tutorials of using APA citation style.

    Check your APA in-text citations and references for accuracy using this link:…Case Analysis Length: 1-2 pages (NO COVER PAGE) including the Reference section. Single Space your case analysis. Format the page as directed above.Using the Individual Challenge scenario (See above) decide how to respond. – Discuss these issues within the analysis section’s – do not type in the question itself. See the general guidelines for how the case questions are translated into a problem solving case analysis as in identifying a problem or issue, analyzing it, suggesting a solution and showing how your solution would work and why it’s a good choice and finally, making the recommendation and providing your justification for the recommendation.Problem Solving Approach Rationale: My general guidelines to you for approaching the case study using a problem solving approach is designed to assist you in analyzing the case at a deeper level rather than just answering the case questions which is just a surface level. This case involves more than just choosing a communication method that will help you efficiently communicate. It involves choosing a method that will result in resolving an issue effectively and in handling issues that are at work in the problem and have contributed to misunderstanding and confusion.

    INDIVIDUAL CHALLENGE (Chapter 2): One particular employee in Spain keeps editing your pages on the wiki, often making changes that appear to add no value as far as you can see. She doesn’t seem to be editing other employees’ pages nearly so often, so you are beginning to wonder if she has a personal grudge against you. You want to address this uncomfortable situation without dragging your boss into it.

    First, decide how to approach your contentious colleague. Should you call her on the phone, send her an email message, or perhaps insert a sarcastic comment about excessive editing on one of her wiki pages?

    Second, whichever mode of communication you’ve chosen, provide an explanation of why you chose the mode of communication that you did and then outline the message you think you should share with her.

  • Assignment

    #02 – Positive Message Assignment

    Attached Files:

    Chapter 10: Routine or Positive Message.
    EMAIL SKILLS 10-33
    . See Cases on Page 286. Message Strategies: Requesting a Recommendation [LO-2]One of your colleagues, Katina Vander, was recently promoted to department manager and now serves on the company’s strategic planning committee.At its monthly meeting next week, the committee will choose an employee to lead an important market research project that will help define the company’s product portfolio for the next five years. You worked side by side with Vander for five years, so she knows your abilities well and has complimented your business insights on many occasions. You know that because she has only recently been promoted to manager, she needs to build credibility. Among her peers and will therefore be cautious about making such an important recommendation. On the other hand, making a stellar recommendation for such an important project would show that she has a good eye for talent—an essential leadership trait.Your task: Write an email message to Ms. Vander, telling her that you are definitely interested in leading the project and asking her to put in a good word for you with the committee. Mention four attributes that you believe would serve you well in the role: a dozen years of experience in the industry, an engineering degree that helps you understand the technologies involved in product design, a consistent record of excellent or exceptional ratings in annual employee evaluations, and the three years you spent working in the company’s customer support group, which gave you a firsthand look at customer satisfaction and quality issues. Make up any additional details you need to write the message.Formatting and Layout Requirements: Write in the email Format as in the To: From:, Date:, Subject in your email. Include a complete Signature block that includes your full name, title, contact information with office location, phone number, and email address.

    Use the attached Microsoft Word Professional memo document as your template.Use the positive or routine message writing plan – See the YouTube Vide and Refer to the link on Direct-Indirect-AIDA Writing Plans in a comparison Table below:Watch VideoRoutine request message
    Direct-Indirect-AIAA_Writing Plans Comparison Table See detailed writing plans by type of message and purpose:
    Note: Your message regardless of whether they are in e-mail or letter format MUST have a full signature block that contains your full name, titles, office location such as room location, phone number. Business and education organizations require employees to provide a signature block with full contact information to make follow up more efficient and to add professionalism to business communications.

  • Assignment

    #03 Negative Message Assignment

    Attached Files:

    Chapter 11: Negative Messages on Routine Business MattersEmail Skills

    11-42. Message Strategies: Refusing Claims and Requests for Adjustment [LO-5] – PAGE 322

    Your company markets a line of rugged smartphone cases designed to protect the sensitive devices from drops, spills, and other common accidents. Your guarantee states that you will reimburse customers for the cost of a new phone if the case fails to protect it from any of the following: (a) a drop of no more than 6 feet onto any surface; (b) spills of any beverage or common household chemical; (c) being crushed by any object weighing up to 100 pounds; or (d) being chewed on by dogs, cats, or other common household pets.

    Jack Simmons, a rancher from Wyoming, emailed your customer support staff, requesting a reimbursement after he dropped his iPhone in his hog barn and a 900-pound boar crushed it in a single bite.

    Your task: Write an email response to the customer, denying his request for a new phone.Use the attached Professional Memo template to simulate the email format (since we do not have an email client that can be used inside Blackboard assignments).Use the Direct-Indirect-AIDA Writing Plan Comparison Table via this link: the Negative or Bad News Message Writing Plan: Watch the YouTube videoWatch VideoWriting a Bad-News Letter
    User: n/a – Added: 12/14/12nsforbusinessletter.pdf…If you do not use a memo template or type create your own memo format of To, From, Date, Subject. Also, include a complete signature block with your contact information as required by the assignment grading rubric. Make up any names or other details you need. Use this link to access Memo templates information in Microsoft Word:…Note: Your messages regardless of whether they are in e-mail or letter format MUST have a full signature block that contains your full name, titles, office location such as room location, phone number. Business and education organizations require employees to provide a signature block with full contact information to make follow up more efficient and to add professionalism to business communications.

  • Assignment

    #04 Persuasive Letter Assignment

    Attached Files:

    Chapter 12: LETTER WRITING SKILLS — 12-41. Message Strategies: Persuasive Business Messages [LO-2]Case Scenario: Letter-Writing SkillsThe coffee shop across the street from your tiny apartment is your haven away from home—great beverages, healthy snacks, free wireless, and an atmosphere that is convivial but not so lively that you can’t focus on your homework. It lacks only one thing: some way to print out your homework and other files when you need hard copies. Your college’s libraries and computer labs provide printers, but you live three miles from campus, and it’s a long walk or an inconvenient bus ride.

    Your task: Write a letter to the owner of the coffee shop (make up a name for the shop owner) encouraging her to set up a printing service to complement the free wireless access. Propose that the service run at break-even prices, just enough to pay for paper, ink cartridges, and the cost of the printer itself. The benefit to the shop would be enticing patrons to spend more time—and, therefore, more of their coffee and tea money—in the shop. You might also mention that you had to take the bus to campus to print this letter, so you bought your afternoon latté somewhere else.Remember: Write your message in such a way that you speak to the reader’s point of view and what is important to him or her. Make a case to the shop owner that includes the owner’s point of view and what is important to him or her by including facts that will help the reader come to the conclusion that providing a printer will impact the shop’s revenue’s, customer visits and build brand loyalty.Yes, students’ do their homework while visiting the coffee shop, however, you want to emphasize that they also eat, drink coffee and buy snacks!Formatting and Layout Requirements: Use Block Letter format for this letter. Use the attached Block Letter Template to develop your letter.Use the Persuasive Message Writing Plan (AIDA) – See YouTube Video below: – Writing Plan Comparison Table via the link below.

    Watch VideoWriting a Persuasive Message
    User: n/a – Added: 12/14/12

    Direct-Indirect-AIDA Writing Plans for Messages –

    Note: Your messages, regardless of whether they are in e-mail or lettter format MUST have a full signature block that contains your full name, titles, office location such as room location, phone number. Business and education organizations require employees to provide a signature block with full contact information to make follow up more efficient and to add professionalism to business communications.


Grantham University Arbys Fast Food Drive Thru Business Discussion Paper Business Finance Assignment Help


We have discussed various types of venues within the hospitality industry. Please choose one of the venues that is of the most interest to you and write a research paper of no less than three pages, not including the title page and references, covering the following topics:

  • how technology is utilized in the venue,
  • career opportunities within the venue,
  • marketing strategies within the venue,
  • how positive and poor customer service can affect consumer behavior within the venue,
  • the importance of competent communication and decision making in the venue, and
  • how the concept of control is used in the venue.

Please be certain that all references, including your textbook, are cited properly using APA format.


MKT 435 UOP W3 Impact of Cultural Values on Consumer Behavior Paper Business Finance Assignment Help

Resource: Impact of Cultural Values on Consumer Behavior Grading Guide

Choose one of the following changes in Cultural Values to review and discuss: (1) green marketing, (2) cause-related marketing, (3) gender-based marketing, or (4) marketing to gay and lesbian consumers.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which the interrelationship between consumer behavior and changes in cultural values is reviewed.

Find three specific examples of organizations marketing to these changes in cultural values. Examples may be mission/value statements, print advertising, web site content, press releases, among others.

Using these examples, what is your opinion of how the company uses the understanding of changing cultural values to create and implement its marketing strategy?

Discuss each example you found using specific information.

Include screenshots or copies of the marketing pieces you examined.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment.


HIST 115 University of Maryland Human Rights in Argentina Paper Humanities Assignment Help

HISTORY 115-5584





finally, use full sentences and paragraphs, not too short. be powerful and forceful in your concluding paragraph.


Choose one of the following changes in Cultural Values to review and discuss: (1) green marketing, (2) cause-related marketing, (3) gender-based marketing, or (4) marketing to gay and lesbian consumers.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which the interrelationship between consumer behavior and changes in cultural values is reviewed.

Find three specific examples of organizations marketing to these changes in cultural values. Examples may be mission/value statements, print advertising, web site content, press releases, among others.

Using these examples, what is your opinion of how the company uses the understanding of changing cultural values to create and implement its marketing strategy?

Discuss each example you found using specific information.

Include screenshots or copies of the marketing pieces you examined.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment.