What does the popularity of jazz music say about popular culture in twentieth- century Europe?
Explore youth culture in Soviet-bloc countries in the 1960s and 1970s. To what extent were they “Americanised”?
Explore the relationship between feminism, the New Left, and the European student movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s.
To what extent were the “Troubles” in Northern Ireland from the late 1960s to 1998 a consequence of the civil war in the 1920s?
Did the election of Margaret Thatcher as the first female prime minister of the United Kingdom represent an advancement for women in Britain?
Why did the Soviet Union collapse in 1990?
99. Why did Yugoslavia break up after the fall of communism?
Why was the conflict in the former Yugoslavia in the early and mid-1990s marked by ethnic cleansing and atrocities against civilians?
Compare and contrast secessionist movements in Scotland in the United Kingdom and Catalan in Spain.
Compare and contrast memory of the Holocaust in Ukraine and Lithuania after 1990.
Account for differing memories of Stalinism in Russia since the end of communism.
Compare and contrast the policies of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia after 1990 to the Slavic populations that settled in these countries during the Soviet era.
Compare and contrast Norwegian and Finnish positions to the European Union.
Compare and contrast Irish and British positions to the European Union.
Assess Peter Mair’s argument that membership of the European Union has “hollowed out” the democracy of its member states: Peter Mair, “Ruling the Void? The Hollowing of Western Democracy,” New Left Review 42 (November-December 2006): 25–51.
Compare and contrast how Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck’s film, The Lives of
Others (2006) and Anna Funder’s book, Stasiland (London: Granta, 2003) depict the
impact of the East German spy agency on individuals and society during and after the